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Old June 15th, 2006, 10:28 AM   #1
CityZen
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Haydarpasa and Sirkeci Train Stations - Istanbul

HAYDARPASA STATION
Brief Story of the Edifice


Haydarpasa, Turkey's largest and most magnificent railway station, was built in the early 20th century by the German architects Otto Ritter and Helmuth Cuno. A monument to the close Turkish - German relations of the time, the station is in neo-renaissance style and has a U-plan. The inauguration ceremony took place on 19 August 1908, just after the proclamation of the Second Constitution.





Istanbul's Teutonic pseudo-castle railway station on the Asian shore of the Bosphorus is the terminus for trains to and from Asian Turkey, including the all-important Istanbul-Ankara route, as well as trains to Kayseri (for Cappadocia), Konya, and points east and south.

Ferries from Karaköy (Galata), at the northern end of the Galata Bridge, cross the Bosphorus frequently to Haydarpasa and Kadiköy. Those designated "Haydarpasa" stop right at the station's own ferry dock; from Kadiköy it's a brief taxi ride or 15-minute walk north to the station.

Suburban trains (banliyö treni) depart Haydarpasa and travel southeast along the Sea of Marmara shore as far as Gebze, not far from Izmit. More...

The neoclassical building, a gift to the Sultan from Kaiser Wilhelm II, was built by the Anatolia-Baghdad Corporation between 1906 and 1908. Its foundation is 1100 wooden piles, each 21 meters (69 feet) long, driven into the mushy shore by steam hammer.

Haydarpasa was an important link in the railway chain of the Kaiser's Berlin-to-Baghdad railway scheme, part of the German Empire's strategic Drang nach Osten ("Drive to the East") during the later 19th century.

If you're a train buff, take the ferry from Europe over to the station in Asia, wander around, then board the next ferry back to Karaköy. The inter-continental voyage will cost less than US$2.
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Old June 15th, 2006, 10:28 AM   #2
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SIRKECI STATION
Brief Story of the Station


HISTORY OF SIRKECI (ORIENT) STATION

With a great ceremony the foundation Stone of the Sirkeci Main Station- Gate of Istanbul to Europe -was laid on February 11th ,1888.The architect of this magmificent station building, opened for service on November 3 rd 1890, was the German architect and engineer A. Jasmund. Jasmund, who graduated from the University of Berlin came to Istanbul in order to make investigations on the oriental architecture, gained the trust of Sultan Abdülhamit II and became his advisory architect.

During the planning of the station building, one thing had been of utmost importance to Jasmund. Istanbul is the point where the West ends and the East begins. In other words, it is he point where East and West meets. Therefore the building had to be applied in an oriental style into life, and regional and national style shapes had to be used. In order to reflect this style, bands of bricks were used at facades. Windows with peak arcs and in the middle a wide entrance door, that reminded to the stone portals of the Selcuklu epoch - were built. The stained - glasses completed this style.

The fundament of the building was consisted of granite,the facedes of marble and Stones that had been brought from Marseille,Arden.In the waiting halls,large tile stoves produced in Austria were installed.The lightining of the building was provided by 300 gas lanterns placed at different locations.

The Sirkeci Station,which is the last stop of Orient Express,was magnificent at the time it was build.The sea was reaching to the building foot and terraces lead down to the sea.

On both sides of the middle entrance there were turret clocks,three big restaurants,a large beer-garden and an outdoor restaurant behind the station.

The big restaurant in the Station was at the turret clocks side.A long marble stairway leads to the restaurant.

When the railway started to be built in Yedikule and reached the point of Yenikapi.disputes came up regarding that the line should lead to Sarayburnu through the garden of Topkapi Palace.This dispute was put to an end by Sultan Abdülaziz who allowed to lay the rails through the garden of the Palace.

The building permission of 337 km long part within the national borders of the total 200 km long Orient Railway between Istanbul-Edirne and Kirklareli-Alpullu was given to Baron Hirch in 1869,was completed in 1888, put into operation and this Project connected Istanbul to European railways.


Here you find some info of the Station







Sirkeci Station is Istanbul's terminus for trains from Edirne and Europe.

This is where the famed Orient Express ended its run from Paris, at the 19th-century Orientalist station near Seraglio Point beneath the walls of Topkapi Palace, right next to Eminönü, its ferry docks, and Galata Bridge.

You can go by suburban train (banliyö treni) between Sirkeci and Istanbul's Atatürk Airport.

Whether you take a train or not, it's worth it just to stroll through the station and imagine the famous 19th-century luxury train pulling into Sirkeci with its eminent passengers being met by uniformed dragomans (guide-interpreters) from the great European embassies.

You may even see Whirling Dervishes here! "Contemporary Lovers of Mevlana" organizes a Mevlevi sema (whirling ceremony) each Sunday, Wednesday and Friday evening at 19:30 (7:30 pm) for about US$15.

Buses and airplanes now carry more passengers between Istanbul and Europe than do trains. The conflict in Bosnia during the 1990s further reduced train traffic, as the trains couldn't run through the war zone of dismembered Yugoslavia.

Several trains still run between Sirkeci and Edirne each day, and a few others head off to Central and Eastern Europe, but except for the Friendship Express to Thessaloniki, Greece, they mostly are slow, somewhat scruffy, and sometimes even dangerous (thieves)—for adventurers only.

As for Edirne, it's much faster to go there by bus from Istanbul's Büyük Otogar (main bus terminal).

If you ride trains in Turkey, they'll most likely depart from Haydarpasa Station on the Asian shore of the Bosphorus, reached by frequent ferries from Karaköy (Galata), at the northern end of Galata Bridge.
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Old June 15th, 2006, 10:29 AM   #3
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ISTANBUL RAILWAY MUSEUM

Istanbul Railway Museum is opened on 23th September 2005.Three hundred cultural objects are being exhibited in the museum . Museum is open everyday except sunday,monday and national days.Entry is free.

ADDRESS: Sirkeci Train Station
PHONE: +90 (212) 520 65 75 / 7885
FAX: +90 (212) 512 64 44


Some photos from Istanbul Railway Museum




Orer Bulletin Board where the railway time-table was kept 1930.It is used in museum to explain Turkish Railway History


Table and chairs were first furnitures of Haidarpasha Station 1908



Silver Services. Used in dining cars and Orient Express (19th-20th century)


Dining car


Office Equipments



Driver cab of 8027 electric multiple unit train which operated in the suburban line Sirkeci-Halkali starting 1955


Front view of 8027


TCDD Hospital Equipments 1950


Manufacturer plates of some historic TCDD rolling stock.


Hornby Model Train (early 20th century)


Ticket case,Telegraph,Ticket Compressor


Warning Plates


Diary of a German Engineer who worked in Bagdad


Station Bell of CFOA (Chemin de fer Otoman d'Anatolie) 19th century


Plans and projects (1888-1900)

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Old June 15th, 2006, 05:32 PM   #4
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Sirkeci should be world heritage listed IMHO, considering its historical significance - Orient Express, and in literature. Not to mention the highly original and 'exotic' style, for stations back then.

Haydarpasa is equally significant. Great 'european' style edifice and its location right on the water. Can compete with the best of grand railway stations.




It's great to get the background to these buildings. Makes it much more interesting than just another amazing anonymous building.

google pics

Last edited by neorion; June 15th, 2006 at 05:33 PM. Reason: add source of pic
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Old June 15th, 2006, 06:03 PM   #5
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Quote:
Sirkeci should be world heritage listed IMHO
That's wrong unfortunately. However as an architecture I find it quite impressive.
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Old June 15th, 2006, 06:15 PM   #6
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Quote:
Originally Posted by CityZen
That's wrong unfortunately. However as an architecture I find it quite impressive.
Why, what do you mean? It isn't or you don't want it to be listed?
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Old June 15th, 2006, 06:22 PM   #7
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This is located in Essen and is world heritage. Why not Haydarpasa then?





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Old June 15th, 2006, 06:38 PM   #8
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WOW, just off topic, but that is amazing industrial architecture.

Any more info?
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Old June 15th, 2006, 06:45 PM   #9
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Of Course I would like it to be in the list, that's why I said unfortunately..
It worths to be there.
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Old June 15th, 2006, 07:15 PM   #10
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For sure.
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Old June 17th, 2006, 12:18 PM   #11
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HAYDARPAŞA







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Old June 17th, 2006, 02:24 PM   #12
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Old June 17th, 2006, 05:54 PM   #13
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Stunning photos! Special thanks to Nerw and Kuvvaci.
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Old June 18th, 2006, 02:04 AM   #14
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beautiful station
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Old June 18th, 2006, 03:18 AM   #15
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The exterior is incredible, but I don't like the interior.
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Old June 18th, 2006, 11:37 PM   #16
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looks very European. I like it
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Old June 24th, 2006, 11:53 AM   #17
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what is European? How is European architecture? How do you classificize the architecture?

Show me an exmaple like this in Paris, or London, or Rome wich is the heart of Europe!
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Old June 24th, 2006, 01:56 PM   #18
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The style is German Neo-Baroque
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Old June 24th, 2006, 02:06 PM   #19
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thank you for protecting him against the possibility of not to answer.
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Old June 25th, 2006, 07:15 PM   #20
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European architecture is unmatched in my opinion.

Last edited by Fergus; June 25th, 2006 at 07:24 PM.
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