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Old October 23rd, 2005, 03:22 PM   #1
shayan
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[Iran] Railways





General Info
The Iranian Plateau with its mountainous landscape and peaks up to 5000 m has always been a natural obstacle to easy ways of communication. Nevertheless from ancient times up to the present important trading routes have been finding their way through the region: among them the famous Silk Road.

In the past century Iran has built more than 5000 km of railroad over difficult territories connecting remote regions to the cities and providing access to the country’s main ports. Numerous bold bridges and tunnels have been constructed to surmount the natural obstacles

The country’s railway links to most of its neighbouring countries and will soon close the remaining gap between European and Indian subcontinent rail network. With the opening of the Silk Road railway to Turkmenistan, merchandises from Central Asia find a convenient way to the sea crossing Iran by rail.


History

The first rails in Iran date back to the second half of the 18th century at the time of Nasser-Eddin Shah (Qajar dynasty) when a short suburban Railway in the south of Tehran between Darvazeh-ye Shahr-e-Rey and Horr Square was established. This railway was first horse-hauled, later steam traction was introduced. The line was closed down in 1952. An original train is still visible as a monument in the center of Shar-e-Rey south of Tehran.

In 1939, the Trans-Iranian Railway was opened, built entirely by local capital. It is 1,392 km long and connects Bandar-E-Torkaman (formerly Bandar-E-Shah) on the Caspian Sea to Bandar-E-Emam Khomeyni (formerly Bandar-E-Shahpur) on the Persian Gulf. From south to north this all important railway passes through and connects together the cities of Ahvaz, Dezful, Arak, Qom, Tehran, Garmsar, Firuzkuh, Qaem Shahr and Behshahr.

After the second world war a number of subsidiary lines were added to the Trans-Iranian trunk railroad such as Ahvaz-Khorram Shahr 123 km, Qom-Kashan 98 km, Tehran-Mashhad 925 km, Tehran-Tabriz 742 km and Bandar-E-Torkaman-Gorgan 36 km.

In the last decades the Kashan railway has been extended through Esfahan to Yazd, Bafq and Zarand and a new line from Kashan through Bad - Na'in- Meybod to Yazd and another extension has connected Kerman to Zarand.'

In the northwest of Iran a line from Sharaf Khaneh on Lake Orumieh over Qotur was opened in 1977 linking Iranian railways to international standard gauge network. It has great importance on the huge amount of merchandise and passengers that are annually transported from Iran to Turkey and Europe and vice versa.

In 1993 Bafq-Bandar Abbas was opened providing a link to this important Iranian port on the Strait of Hormoz.

With the opening of the Mashad-Sarakhs branch in 1996 as part of the silk road railway a new transportation facility to Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan and China was added.

Last edited by Gilgamesh; September 28th, 2006 at 02:14 PM. Reason: added info
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Old October 23rd, 2005, 06:56 PM   #2
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iran needs thousands and thousands of more miles of railway!
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Old October 23rd, 2005, 07:02 PM   #3
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well this is a kinda old picture (2003) but iran already has the best sytem in west asia. There are miles of railway plans and iran will have about 10.000 KM of railroad in 2010
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Old October 25th, 2005, 06:26 PM   #4
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update on irans railroad projects.

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Old October 26th, 2005, 10:59 AM   #5
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Iran has 1 of the most modern railway and trasport systems in middleeast and can be compared to world standards..

its getting alot of attention and all cities are getting connected with modern railway systems..
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Old October 26th, 2005, 05:05 PM   #6
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Are they connecting it to other countries?
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Old October 26th, 2005, 05:07 PM   #7
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It's already connected to Turkey,Caucasus/Russia,Pakistan and Turkmenistan.
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Old October 26th, 2005, 05:13 PM   #8
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I think what they need is standardization of the railways in all the countries (maybe start with ECO countries first and then gradually expand?).

The lack of infrastructure and/or the similarity of infrastructure really dims the prospects of trade through railways in the region.
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Old October 26th, 2005, 05:21 PM   #9
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well irans railway is growing really rapidly its actually better than some european nations.. but your right there is still a lot to happen before its perfect. Iran sould more consentrate itself on road standardisation and freeway development considering that there are 1 miljoen cars coming extra in iran each year!!
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Old October 26th, 2005, 05:48 PM   #10
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Where ever i read abt iran's railway or roads good thing are always written abt them and they are said to be of int'l standards.
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Old October 26th, 2005, 06:40 PM   #11
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Who knows, if the gulf does it's rail connection, Iran can be connected also. That's a good network I see in the pic.
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Old October 26th, 2005, 06:46 PM   #12
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bahreini spirit you know i'm really pro a canal railway like they have from france to england. It would be a cool idea to link iran to uae with that kind of a tunnel. It will directly link central and south asia to the persian gulf nations.
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Old October 26th, 2005, 10:51 PM   #13
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Are they going to build HST lines soon?
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Old October 26th, 2005, 11:13 PM   #14
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I dont think so. But it would be a good idea considering that iran is a big country...
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Old October 27th, 2005, 08:34 PM   #15
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well i really think that a tunnel from bandar abbas to uae and a bridge from kuweit to khouzestan would be a great idea. And something that will be extreemly profitable.
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Old October 27th, 2005, 08:48 PM   #16
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Quote:
Originally Posted by shayan
well i really think that a tunnel from bandar abbas to uae and a bridge from kuweit to khouzestan would be a great idea. And something that will be extreemly profitable.

A tunnel from Bandar abbas to the UAE?

I don't think that's realistic.
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Old October 27th, 2005, 08:53 PM   #17
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Quote:
Originally Posted by LtBk
Are they going to build HST lines soon?
I remember a A HST line being discussed, Im not sure what happend though.

Last edited by Gilgamesh; February 12th, 2007 at 12:53 PM.
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Old October 27th, 2005, 08:57 PM   #18
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its really realistic (considering the france england tunnel is build 20 years ago) techology became better in the last 20 years you know and its much easier to do a tunnel in the persian gulf considering that the waters are not deep and the soil is soil that is very easy to dig in. (something that doesnt count for the soil between england and france.
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Old October 27th, 2005, 09:11 PM   #19
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A tunnel between Iran and the UAE would have to be MUCH longer than the British-french one!

And I mean MUCH.



Now A causeway would be more realistic. However it would be Bandar Abbas - N. Oman.
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Old October 27th, 2005, 09:16 PM   #20
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it would be between 100 and 80 km long (if you first build a bridge from bandar abas to qesm island and from gesm island to the nearest point of oman and from oman you connect it to the uae road that will save around the 20 km than it will be between 80 and 60 km (but your right the tunnel between england and france was much smaller but in theory its not imposible.
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