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Old October 16th, 2006, 10:51 AM   #1
F-ian
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[Indonesia] Goes Nuclear 2017

Post Indonesia's Nuclear News here(next time)


NUCLEAR POWERED ELECTRIC WILL BE DEVELOPED IN 2017

In order to overcome the crisis of electric power, State Ministry for Research and Technology will develop Nuclear Powered Electric Generator (PLTN) which is planned to be realized in 2016 or 2017.
“At this moment, State Minister for Research and Technology strives for socialization and analysis of environmental impact on PLTN,” said by Minister Kusmayanto Kadiman to members of Commission VII for electricity and mineral in Jakarta on Monday (11/9).

The Minister, in his explanation about the plan, said that the plan for physical development of nuclear powered electric generator will be started in 2010 and the opening of equipment tender will be held in 2008.

Kusmayanto also explained about the government plan to build the PLTN in Gunung Muria, Central Java. Nowadays, the government is in preparation, including conducting comparative studies in countries such as USA, South Korea, and Germany which are considered to be successful in developing nuclear power.

Comparative study is intended to see if the application of nuclear power is suitable for the condition of Indonesia,” he said. He also added that the PLTN development is to fulfill energy needs for Java, Madura, and Bali.

In the same place, member of Commission VII Ade Nasution asked the Minister to develop missile power besides nuclear power as conducted by advanced countries.
He also asked National Institute of Aeronautics and Space to survey the needs of nuclear power development. “Don’t just ask for the budget without any production,” he explained.

In the meantime, members of Commission VII Amir Wati from Functional Group (Golkar) Fraction and Ali Mubarok from Nation’s Awakening Fraction asked the Minister to contribute a technology to seal the mudflow of Lapindo which has not been overcome yet.
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Old October 16th, 2006, 10:53 AM   #2
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Russian firm to build Indonesia's first nuclear plant
Posted by admin on 2006/10/16 5:00:03

Jakarta, Oct 16 (Xinhua) Russian electricity company Raoues is slated to build Indonesia's first nuclear power plant, local media reports Monday said.

The facility will be located in Gorontalo province, Sulawesi Island, in order to meet long-term demand for electricity there and in nearby provinces, reported The Jakarta Post.

Gorontalo Governor Fadel Muhamad said the new plant is expected to start operating by the end of 2007. He also claimed that Gorontalo would be registered as the first province in Indonesia to enjoy nuclear electricity.

The nuclear plant would be designed to have a generating capacity of 90 megawatts, which would be sold to state-owned electricity company PT Perusahaan Listrik Negara (PLN) at a price one-third lower than that of conventional electricity.

A cooperation agreement will reportedly be signed by Fadel and Raoues representatives in Russia.

"The Russian side has prepared everything. It's now waiting for Gorontalo province's response," Farino Sariowan, a Raoues project developer in Indonesia, was quoted as saying.
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Old October 16th, 2006, 02:04 PM   #3
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Wah. thats mean still another 11 years before Sulawesi will have adequate electricity ?
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Old October 20th, 2006, 08:42 PM   #4
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What?
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Old October 21st, 2006, 02:46 AM   #5
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I cant believe our beloved country. Is the mud flow not enough a waring for Indonesia to start thinking about the environment? And now, this abomination comes...
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Old October 21st, 2006, 06:43 PM   #6
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Considering our track record with the fires at sumatera and borneo and the fact that our government either doesn't have the heart or the brain to be assertive in these important issues (including the bird flu...).

I'm not sure if this is such a good idea.
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Old October 22nd, 2006, 02:39 PM   #7
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Quote:
Originally Posted by GluTTony View Post
What?
Maksudnya.. masih lama sebelon Sulawesi bisa punya cukup listrik.
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Old November 7th, 2006, 07:11 PM   #8
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Edited: already Posted by Alvin in the Foreign Policy thread

Sorry Alv I didn't mean to Ignore
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Last edited by F-ian; November 8th, 2006 at 09:01 PM.
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Old November 8th, 2006, 01:12 PM   #9
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Errr.. Australia have nuclear knowledge???
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Old November 8th, 2006, 02:34 PM   #10
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LOL
During TRIKORA in the early 60's, SUKARNO claimed that Indonesia would get THE ATOMIC BOMB before the Rooster KUKURUYUK (AYAM BERKOKOK) at the DAWN of New Year's day of 196? .(I forgot exactly what year it was, 63, 64 or 65 ? ).
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Old November 23rd, 2006, 09:17 PM   #11
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Russia to build Indonesia's first nuclear power plant?
-------------------------------------------------------------

Russia, Indonesia to Sign Agreement on Nuclear Energy
Created: 23.11.2006 16:15 MSK (GMT +3), Updated: 16:15 MSK, 6 hours 56 minutes ago

MosNews

Jakarta and Moscow will sign a series of agreements in various areas including aerospace and nuclear energy during Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono’s official trip to Russia next week, the Russian ambassador to Indonesia said on Thursday, Nov. 23.

Ambassador Mikhail Bely told a news conference that agreement on nuclear energy will focus on the peaceful use of this energy source, opening the doors for various kinds of energy-related projects.

“One of them is that we are interested in participating in the construction of the first nuclear power plant in Indonesia,” Bely was quoted by Kyodo News Service.

Indonesia is pressing ahead with plans to construct four nuclear power plants in Ujung Lemahabang on the Muria Peninsula on the northern coast of Central Java Province, about 450 kilometers east of Jakarta, despite strong protests, mostly from environmental organizations.

In a recent interview with Kyodo News, Research and Technology Minister Kusmayanto Kadiman said that under the plan, Indonesia will invite companies to bid for the project in 2008 or 2009, with construction getting under way in 2009 to meet a target of operating its first nuclear power plants in 2016.

Besides Russia, companies from France, Japan, South Korea and the United States, as well as domestic energy company Medco Energy Corp., have expressed interest in investing in the project.

Yudhoyono will visit Russia for three days from next Thursday, Nov. 30, following a trip to Japan.
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Old March 29th, 2007, 07:14 AM   #12
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Kamis, 29 Maret 2007 9:40:00
Greenpeace: Batalkan Energi Nuklir di Indonesia


Semarang--RoL-- Greenpeace Indonesia mendesak Pemerintah Indonesia segera membatalkan rencana pembangunan Pembangkit Listrik Tenaga Nuklir (PLTN) di Kabupaten Jepara, Jawa Tengah yang menurut rencana dimulai tahun 2010.

Juru Kampanye Iklim dan Energi untuk Greenpeace Indonesia, Nur Hidayati di Semarang, Rabu, mengatakan, PLTN di sejumlah negara maju dengan pengamanan dan kesadaran masyarakat lebih tinggi saja, masih menimbulkan masalah apalagi di negara berkembang.

Ia menyebutkan, insiden PLTN di Tokaimura, Jepang pada 1999, misalnya dua pekerjanya terkena radiasi dalam dosis mematikan. Kemudian tragedi Chernobyl pada 1986 yang menimbulkan ribuan korban. Badan Keamanan Nuklir Perancis harus mengaktifkan pusat tanggap darurat pada 2003 menyusul curah hujan tinggi di bagian hilir Sungai Rhone, yang diikuti dengan penutupan darurat dua reaktor karena bahaya yang ditimbulkan banjir.

Pada tahun 2000, Pemerintah Inggris menyatakan fasilitas pemprosesan kembali bahan bakar nuklir di Sellafied mengalami kegagalan mendasar dalam prosedur keamanan.
Menurut Nur Hidayati, PLTN bukan alternatif tepat menjawab krisis energi, apalagi sumber energi di Indonesia sangat beragam, mulai dari sinar Matahari, panas Bumi, air, angin, biomassa yang semuanya bisa dikonversi menjadi energi listrik yang terbarui (renewable). "Semua sumber energi terbarui tersebut memiliki potensi 5,9 lebih besar dari 'supply' energi global saat ini," kata lulusan ITB tersebut seraya menyebutkan bahwa tenaga air memiliki potensi 75,67 GW dan panas bumi sebanyak 27 GW.

Indonesia, kata Nur, berdasarkan cetak biru energi pemerintah, pada tahun 2010 mulai membangun PLTN di semenanjung Muria, Jepara dan dijadwalkan enam tahun kemudian pada 2016 PLTN ini sudah bisa beroperasi dengan kapasitas 4.000 MW. Ia menyebutkan, saat ini sebanyak 44 negara mengembangkan energi nuklir yang berpotensi untuk menghasilkan senjata nuklir hasil dari pengolahan limbah yang berbentuk plutonium.

Plutonium yang dihasilkan dari fasilitas sipil terus meningkat dan menimbulkan kekhawatiran akan terjadi proliferasi. Pada 2003 sebanyak 230 ton plutonium dihasilkan dari fasilitas pemrosesan ulang komersial sedangkan plutonium yang dihasilkan dari pembuatan senjata nuklir sebanyak 250 ton. "Untuk membuat rudal nuklir hanya diperlukan lima kilogram plutonium. Bom nuklir yang menghancurkan Nagasaki pada 1945 dengan jumlah korban tewas 50.000 orang hanya mengandung 6,1 kilogram plutonium," katanya.

Mengutip Dirjen International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Mohamed El Baradei, Nur Hidayati mengatakan, setiap negara yang memiliki kemampuan pengembangan bahan bakar nuklir secara utuh, dengan alasan apa pun mereka akan mampu membuat senjata nuklir hanya dalam hitungan bulan saja. "India, Pakistan, dan Korea Utara telah menggunakan fasilitas sipil mereka untuk mengembangkan senjata nuklir," katanya.

Mengingat energi nuklir menimbulkan risiko sangat tinggi terhadap lingkungan dan kehidupan, katanya, Greenpeace akan terus melawan upaya pembangunan PLTN. "Solusinya hanya satu, hentikan ekspansi PLTN dan menonaktifkan PLTN yang sudah ada. Gantikan PLTN dengan sumber energi terbarukan," kata Nur Hidayati. Antara

yto

http://www.republika.co.id/online_de...7861&kat_id=23
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Old March 29th, 2007, 08:59 AM   #13
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Cheers for Indonesia Another step to modernity!
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Old March 29th, 2007, 03:34 PM   #14
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Chernobyl were really damn disastrous...... please dont make it much more disastrous, soalnya our beloved country kan agak payah kalo soal perawatan...... Kepadatan penduduk di JAWA sudah 1000/ km persegi.... Di SUMATRA sudah 100/km persegi ... mau dibangun di mana lagi ??? papua???
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Old March 29th, 2007, 04:57 PM   #15
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seharusnya sihh di Kalimantan Paling aman I think building this is more to politics and power.... if you look at it... after Indonesia stated that it will build a nuclear power finished in 2016 every country in ASEAN also thought to think about Nuclear Energy too (Vietnam,Malaysia,Thailand,Philippines).
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Old March 30th, 2007, 03:36 AM   #16
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Eh omong2 ngga bahaya tuh buat reaktor nuklir ditengah2 jawa.. gua kuatir deh. padat penduduk gitu kan.
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Old March 30th, 2007, 04:07 AM   #17
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biarin,
ledakin aja tu pulau jawa
dah kebanyakan dosa

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Old March 30th, 2007, 12:05 PM   #18
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Why don't build the nuclear facilities on Batam Island?
If sand and granite cannot be sold to Singapore Indonesia can sell electricity.

It's like share the risk and share the profit.
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Old March 30th, 2007, 12:25 PM   #19
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Countries of Strategic Nuclear Concern - Indonesia

A profile by the SIPRI- Stockholm International Peace Research Institute


Nuclear Facilities Profiles
While a few gaps and questions remain, on balance, it appears that Indonesia has largely succeeded in developing an indigenous nuclear fuel cycle. Unfortunately, it is difficult to ascertain via open sources how viable the cycle is without international assistance. Evidence indicates that Indonesia’s work in the fields of uranium milling, processing and conversion has (thus far) only been conducted on a laboratory scale. However, several notable nuclear facilities have been established. Three research reactors are currently in operation and a fourth is planned. Indonesia has announced ambitious plans to construct multiple nuclear power reactors (with international assistance) in the future.

Following is a summary list of Indonesia’s nuclear fuel cycle, including relevant facilities (separated by function):

Nuclear Mining and Milling

It appears that Indonesia has two established mines, both in the West Kalimantan uranium district. The first, Remaja-Hitam Ore Body is a uranium vein in fine grained metamorphous rock and is thought to contain between 5000 and 10000 tons of uranium with a grade range of between 0.10 and 0.30.(1) Also, known as the Edo-Remaja prospect, this reserve is reportedly capable of providing Indonesia with a supply of yellowcake sufficient to meet domestic needs for planned reactors.(2) The second mine, Rirang-Tanah Merah Ore Body is also a uranium vein in fine grained metamorphous rock, though it is thought to contain less than 500 tons U and have a grade range of between 0.30 and 1.00. While it is estimated that Indonesia can produce about 770 tons of uranium per year, the aforementioned mines are currently thought to be dormant. Should it prove economically viable or politically necessary, Indonesia can probably mine enough uranium from its domestic reserves to provide yellowcake for its planned nuclear power reactors.

(1) IAEA UDEPO – World Distribution of Uranium Deposits, and Universal News [Online] http://www-nfcis.iaea.org/iNFCISNavigation.asp.

(2) ‘Uranium Exploration,’ Project Number INS/3/008, IAEA-TC Project Datasheet, Completed 1990-12-22. [Online] http://www-tc.iaea.org/.

Ore Processing

In 1985, Indonesia established a laboratory for uranium ore processing in Jakarta.(3) Presumably under the control of the National Nuclear Energy Agency (BATAN); Centre for Exploration and Processing of Nuclear Materials, open sources indicate that in 1985 this facility received about 175 of domestically mined uranium ore for processing.(4) At present, reports indicate that the National Nuclear Energy Agency is able to process enough yellowcake for conversion into UO2 pellets to provide target fuel elements for Indonesia’s research reactors. However, whether or not this facility is capable of meeting the processing needs for Indonesia’s planned nuclear power reactors cannot be discerned from open sources.

(3) ‘Uranium Ore Processing,’ Project Number INS/3/007, IAEA-TC Project Datasheet, Completed 1985-10-21. [Online] http://www-tc.iaea.org/.

(4) “Uranium Ore Processing,” Project Number INS/3/007, IAEA-TC Project Datasheet, Completed 1985-10-21. [Online] http://www-tc.iaea.org/ and, “Nangapinoh,” Geological Research and Development Centre, Indonesia, 2003. [Online]
http://www.grdc.esdm.go.id/Product/m...apinoh-des.asp.

Conversion

Evidence suggests that since, 1991 Indonesia has possessed an established uranium conversion capability at the Research Center for Nuclear Techniques at Bandung, located in Yogyakarta. This facility reportedly purifies domestically produced yellowcake and converts it into UO2 powders, which are then used to construct UO2 pellets.(5) While the Research Center for Nuclear Techniques at Bandung is capable of producing sufficient UO2 powder to provide significant quantities of fuel elements for Indonesia’s research reactors, open sources do not indicate whether or not it is capable of meeting the needs of its planned power reactors.

(5) ‘Fuel Element Technology,’ Project Number INS/4/017, IAEA-TC Project Datasheet, Completed 1991-12-17. [Online] http://www-tc.iaea.org/ and, ‘Nuclear Fuel Fabrication,’ Project Number INS/4/015, IAEA-TC Project Datasheet, Completed 1981-09-08. [Online] http://www-tc.iaea.org/.

Fuel Fabrication

As early as 1981, it is believed that Indonesia developed the capacity for nuclear fuel fabrication (from UO2 powder) at the National Nuclear Energy Agency’s Research Reactor Centre in Bandung.(6) In 1991, Indonesia’s Research Centre for Nuclear Techniques reportedly established the capability to fabricate nuclear fuel elements from domestically produced UO2 powder. Indonesia is believed to be capable of UO2 pellet fabrication, short fuel pin fabrication and end-plug to tube welding.(7)

(6) ‘Nuclear Fuel Fabrication,’ Project Number INS/4/015, IAEA-TC Project Datasheet, Completed 1981-09-08. [Online] http://www-tc.iaea.org/.

(7) ‘Fuel Element Technology,’ Project Number INS/4/017, IAEA-TC Project Datasheet, Completed 1991-12-17. [Online] http://www-tc.iaea.org/.

Power Reactors

Although it is the world’s largest producer of natural gas, Indonesia is currently thought to be undertaking an ambitious nuclear power plant construction programme to meet its growing energy needs. While the perceived goal of the program is to eventually build 12 nuclear power production facilities, current planning calls for construction to commence on the first plant by 2010, with operational capability to be achieved by 2016.(8)

(8) Asia Pulse/Antara, ‘Nuclear Power Plant Could Be Operational BY 2016,’ Asia Times, November 18, 2003. [Online] http://www.atimes.com/atimes/Southea.../EK18Ae03.html.

Reprocessing

Indonesia has no nuclear reprocessing facility at this time. Nor does it appear to have experimented in reprocessing operations in the past. However, with its well established nuclear research programmes it is technically feasible that Indonesia could develop the ability to reprocess spent fuel.

Waste Disposal

The activities of waste treatment, storage, and disposal studies are principally performed by the Center for Development of Radioactive Waste Management of the Indonesian National Energy Agency, BATAN. In 1990, Indonesia completed a six year project to improve its radioactive waste management programme for the disposal of spent fuel from its research reactors.(9) This project benefited from IAEA assistance and Indonesia is currently thought to operate in accordance with international norms. In 1993, the NEWJEC Inc. study concluded that nuclear power reactors should use an open fuel cycle with direct disposal of spent fuel that will need to be selected at least two decades after the opening of a reactor.(10)

(9) ‘Radioactive Waste Management,’ Project Number INS/9/006, IAEA-TC Project Datasheet, Completed 1990-12-27. [Online] http://www-tc.iaea.org/.

(10) ‘Indonesia: Location and Capability of Nuclear Facilities’, Reaching Critical Will
http://www.reachingcriticalwill.org/.../indonesia.pdf.

Research and Development

Indonesia has a well established nuclear research program which spans nearly five decades. With four nuclear research facilities in operation (located in Jakarta, Bandung, Yogyakarta, and Serpong), a cadre of trained professionals and ties to the IAEA, foreign capitals, universities, and research labs, BATAN has long conducted research projects and published papers on sundry nuclear development related matters.

Research Reactors

Indonesia’s National Nuclear Energy Agency (BATAN) currently operates three nuclear research reactors located in: Serpong (GA SIWABESSY, a 30 MW MTR, pool type reactor); Yogyakarta (KARTINI-PPNY, a 100 kW Triga Mark II reactor); and, Bandung (BANDUNG, a 1,000 kW Triga Mark II reactor). A fourth (RIP, a 10,000 kW pool type reactor) is planned, but details of the production schedule are unavailable via open sources. Indonesia’s research reactor program is both well established and broadly respected. It is because of its research reactor program that Indonesia has been able to train a large cadre of nuclear technicians and engineers, publish countless research papers, conduct sundry nuclear studies, participate in cooperative development programs, and cultivate the capability to viably pursue its planned nuclear power program.

Conclusions

While Indonesia operates under IAEA safeguards and (since 1966) has pursued only peaceful applications for its nuclear technology, it is conceivable that, should it adopt a radical shift in its nuclear policy, Indonesia could pursue uranium enrichment and weaponization programs. Additionally, the perceived threat posed by the questionable security of Indonesia’s radioactive waste management facilities has engendered much scrutiny from international observers. While there is little open source evidence to suggest that Indonesia would actively proliferate technology to non-nuclear nations, it is conceivable that terrorist organizations could utilize its spent waste in a radiological device (“dirty bomb”).
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Old March 30th, 2007, 01:59 PM   #20
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Quote:
Originally Posted by ilham_rj View Post
Chernobyl were really damn disastrous...... please dont make it much more disastrous, soalnya our beloved country kan agak payah kalo soal perawatan...... Kepadatan penduduk di JAWA sudah 1000/ km persegi.... Di SUMATRA sudah 100/km persegi ... mau dibangun di mana lagi ??? papua???
AGREE!!!!!

this is too ambitious for indonesia!! there are many other alternatives. even building more dams are environmentally friendlier than this!!

i smell disaster....
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