daily menu » rate the banner | guess the city | one on oneforums map | privacy policy | DMCA | news magazine | posting guidelines

Go Back   SkyscraperCity > Photo Forums > General Photography

General Photography General discussions on photography and non urban photos



Global Announcement

As a general reminder, please respect others and respect copyrights. Go here to familiarize yourself with our posting policy.


Reply

 
Thread Tools
Old December 10th, 2006, 06:34 PM   #1
shugs
Registered User
 
shugs's Avatar
 
Join Date: Oct 2005
Location: GU1
Posts: 3,180
Likes (Received): 24

The Splendour of Ancient Iran

Il start off with the capital of the Achamenid Empire (550 - 330 BCE)
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Achaemenid_Empire

Persepolis

Quote:
Persepolis (Old Persian: 'Pars', New Persian: تخت جمشید, 'Takht-e Jamshid') was an ancient ceremonial capital of the second Iranian dynasty, the Achaemenid Empire, situated some 70 km northeast of modern city of Shiraz, not far from where the small river Pulwar flows into the Kur (Kyrus). To the ancient Persians, the city was known as Parsa, meaning the city of Persians, Persepolis being the Greek interpretation of the name (Περσες (meaning Persian)+ πόλις (meaning city)). In contemporary Iran the site is known as Takht-e Jamshid (Throne of Jamshid).

The largest and most complex building in Persepolis was the audience hall, or Apadana with 36 columns, accessible by two large sets of stairs.

Construction

Initial work on Persepolis was begun around 518 BC.

Andre Godard, the French archaeologist who excavated Persepolis in the early 1930s, believed that it was Cyrus the Great who chose the site of Persepolis, but Darius the Great who built the terrace and the great palaces.

Darius ordered the construction of Apadana Palace and the Debating hall (Tripylon or the three-gated hall), the main imperial treasury and its surroundings, which were completed at the time of the reign of his son, King Xerxes I. Further construction of the buildings at the terrace continued until downfall of the Achaemenid dynasty.



Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Persepolis
Persepolis was the first 'Persian' city, until the completion of the city the Persians used Susa (Elamite), Ecbatana (Media) and Babylon as seasonal capitals. Persepolis was added into the circuit but it was the highest ranking city and the richest city on Earth until its demise at the hands of a drunken Alexander the Great who burnt it to the ground and plundered its treasury. A Greek historian claimed that Alexander used 3000 camels and donkeys to cary away the loot

Images:

Renders of the complex










The Ruins of today





The Gate of All Nations







Appadana Palace of Darius the Great















The sheer size of the columns http://www.persepolis3d.com/data_fra...sepolis_03.jpg






More to come..
__________________

Last edited by shugs; December 18th, 2006 at 12:44 AM.
shugs no está en línea   Reply With Quote

Sponsored Links
 
Old December 10th, 2006, 06:37 PM   #2
shugs
Registered User
 
shugs's Avatar
 
Join Date: Oct 2005
Location: GU1
Posts: 3,180
Likes (Received): 24



















The Homa.. Mythical bird of protection...


__________________

Last edited by shugs; December 10th, 2006 at 06:42 PM.
shugs no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old December 10th, 2006, 06:43 PM   #3
BoNduRanT
***
 
Join Date: Nov 2005
Posts: 781
Likes (Received): 20

Amazing Pics!
BoNduRanT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old December 10th, 2006, 07:27 PM   #4
shugs
Registered User
 
shugs's Avatar
 
Join Date: Oct 2005
Location: GU1
Posts: 3,180
Likes (Received): 24

Thankyou

Last set of pics from Persepolis - Enjoy





The Lion (sun) triumphing over the Bull (moon) signifying the begining of spring (Persian New year/Norouz)








(Currently in the Louvre)




Offerings to the Shah
__________________
shugs no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old December 10th, 2006, 11:42 PM   #5
shugs
Registered User
 
shugs's Avatar
 
Join Date: Oct 2005
Location: GU1
Posts: 3,180
Likes (Received): 24

Naqsh-e Rustam

Quote:
Naqsh-e Rustam (in Persian: نقش رستم Nq-e Rostm) is an archaeological site located about 3 km northwest of Persepolis, in Fars (Pars) province (Persis), Iran. This place is called Nq-e Rostm "Picture of Rostam" because of the Sassanid carvings below the tombs, which were thought to represent the Persian mythical hero Rostam.

Naqsh-e Rustam, contains seven tombs which belongs to Achaemenian kings. One of those at Naqsh-e Rustam is expressly declared in its inscriptions to be the tomb of Darius I. The three other tombs, besides that of Darius I, are believed to be those of Xerxes I, Artaxerxes I, and Darius II. The two completed graves behind Persepolis probably belong to Artaxerxes II and Artaxerxes III. The unfinished one might be that of Arses, who reigned at the longest two years, but is more likely that of Darius III, last of the Achaemenian line, who was overthrown by Alexander the Great.

In addition to tombs, there are also seven gigantic rock carvings in Naqsh-e Rustam, below the tombs, belonging to the Sassanid kings.

Source & inscriptions: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naqsh-e_Rustam
http://www.iranchamber.com/history/d...she_rostam.php










A rock relief at Naqsh-e Rostam, depicting the triumph of Shapur I over three Roman Emperors Valerian, Gordian III and Philip the Arab.


One of the rock reliefs at Naqsh-e Rustam depicting the triumph of Shapur I over the Roman Emperor Valerian, and Philip the Arabian


Zoroaster's Kaaba
__________________
shugs no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old December 11th, 2006, 12:48 AM   #6
Gilgamesh
.
 
Gilgamesh's Avatar
 
Join Date: Apr 2005
Posts: 2,694
Likes (Received): 21

Good stuff.
Gilgamesh no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old December 11th, 2006, 02:50 AM   #7
dariush4444
BANNED
 
Join Date: Apr 2006
Posts: 99
Likes (Received): 0

Great pix, thanx Shugs
dariush4444 no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old December 13th, 2006, 04:43 AM   #8
shugs
Registered User
 
shugs's Avatar
 
Join Date: Oct 2005
Location: GU1
Posts: 3,180
Likes (Received): 24

Tomb of Cyrus the Great

Interesting modern history on this... After the Arabs invaded Iran the local scholars lied to the invaders and told them the structure was the 'tomb of Salman the Persian's mother' (an important figure in Islam... some nationalistic Iranians call him a traitor for colaberating with the Arabs but anyways..). Until the early 20th century it was still assumed the structure was the tomb of Salmans mother until French archaologists dicifered the inscriptions and realised this was the tomb of the 'father of Persia'

A man who created an empire in 6 years, who laughed in the faces of the Spartans asking 'Who are the Spartans?!' after they threatened him of the capture of Lydia, who forged the worlds first super power, who released the Jews from Babylonia captivity, who wrote the first human rights charter....



On the 2500th aniversity of the Koroush (Cyrus) Monarchy/Calender












Ok so thats every thing from the Pasargardae.. more to come soon
__________________
shugs no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old December 13th, 2006, 05:46 AM   #9
alitezar
Persian 44
 
alitezar's Avatar
 
Join Date: Mar 2006
Posts: 10,245
Likes (Received): 5593

Wow, good job Shugs.
alitezar no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old December 13th, 2006, 07:09 AM   #10
dariush4444
BANNED
 
Join Date: Apr 2006
Posts: 99
Likes (Received): 0

"Iran is one of the world's oldest continuous major civilizations. The history of Iran covers thousands of years, from the ancient civilization on the Iranian plateau, Mannaeans civilization in Azerbaijan, Shahr-i Sokhta (Burned City) in Zabol and ancient Kingdom of Jiroft followed by the kingdom of Elam and the Achaemenid, the Parthian, the Sassanian and following Empires to the modern Islamic Republic of Iran."

"There are records of numerous ancient and technologically advanced civilizations on the Iranian plateau before the arrival of Aryan tribes from the north, many of whom are still unknown to historians today. Archeological findings place knowledge of Persian prehistory at middle paleolithic times (100,000 years ago).[1] The earliest sedentary cultures date from 18,000-14,000 years ago. In 6000 BCE the world saw a fairly sophisticated agricultural society and proto-urban population centers. The south-western part of Iran was part of the Fertile Crescent where most of humanity's first major crops were grown. 7000 year old jars of wine excavated in the Zagros Mountains (now on display at The University of Pennsylvania) and ruins of 7000 year old settlements such as Sialk are further testament to this."

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iran/History

Iran is older than history.
dariush4444 no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old December 14th, 2006, 02:11 PM   #11
Saudi guy
Moderator
 
Saudi guy's Avatar
 
Join Date: Sep 2005
Location: Tampa,Fl
Posts: 6,559
Likes (Received): 4156

THAT SIMPLY AMAZING
i love these Ancient Empire
__________________
Jeddah Disaster 25/11/2009 - We will not forget flood victims
Saudi guy no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old December 14th, 2006, 02:31 PM   #12
Mr Bricks
Registered User
 
Mr Bricks's Avatar
 
Join Date: May 2005
Location: Helsinki
Posts: 6,349
Likes (Received): 891

Amazing!
Mr Bricks no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old December 14th, 2006, 03:22 PM   #13
JoseRodolfo
NON DVCOR DVCO
 
JoseRodolfo's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jul 2003
Location: So Paulo - Brasil
Posts: 4,425
Likes (Received): 91

Wonderful!!!! Thanks!!!
JoseRodolfo no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old December 14th, 2006, 11:53 PM   #14
shugs
Registered User
 
shugs's Avatar
 
Join Date: Oct 2005
Location: GU1
Posts: 3,180
Likes (Received): 24

Quote:
Susa (Biblical Shushan; also Greek: Σέλεύχεια, transliterated as Seleukeia or Seleukheia; Latin Seleucia ad Eulaeum; modern Shush, coordinates: 32.18922 N 48.25778 E) was an ancient city of the Elamite, Persian and Parthian empires of Iran, located about 150 miles east of the Tigris River in Khuzestan province of Iran. As well as being an archaeological site, Susa is also a lively village due to the devotion of Shi'a Muslims and the Persian Jewish community for the prophet Daniel.

Susa is one of the oldest-known settlements of the region, probably founded about 4000 BCE; though the first traces of an inhabited village date back to 7000 BCE. Evidence of a painted- pottery civilization dates back to 5000 BCE. In historic times, Susa was the capital of the Elamite Empire. Its name originates from their language; it was written variously (uan, uun etc.) and was apparently pronounced uən. uan was invaded by both Babylonian Empires as well as the Assyrian Empire in violent campaigns. After the Babylonian conquest, the name was misunderstood to be connected with the Semitic word uan, "lily."

Read on.. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Susa





The Archers of Darius, Susa around 500 BCE

http://img268.imageshack.us/img268/3760/8lir1.jpg









__________________
shugs no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old December 16th, 2006, 12:12 AM   #15
Gordion
Chistlehurst
 
Gordion's Avatar
 
Join Date: Oct 2005
Location: London
Posts: 3,101
Likes (Received): 407

Amazing pictures!!
Gordion no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old December 16th, 2006, 03:52 AM   #16
godblessbotox
la is pritty
 
godblessbotox's Avatar
 
Join Date: Jan 2006
Location: Los Dieguana
Posts: 2,297
Likes (Received): 27

i think this is my all-time favorite ancient culture
__________________
go silver line go!!!
...go aqua line go???

me+flickr=joy
godblessbotox no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old December 16th, 2006, 08:39 AM   #17
persis
Persia's Lover
 
persis's Avatar
 
Join Date: Feb 2006
Location: Tehran
Posts: 233
Likes (Received): 0

Thank You shugs
great photos
__________________
-----------------------------------------------
<*PERSIS*>
LONG LIFE PERSIA
My Diagram in Skyscraperpage.com
Tallest Towers of Iran
Download, Music, Technology, News, Forums, Love, Photo Gallery, Library, Games and more ...
http://www.persianbird.com/
persis no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old December 18th, 2006, 12:43 AM   #18
shugs
Registered User
 
shugs's Avatar
 
Join Date: Oct 2005
Location: GU1
Posts: 3,180
Likes (Received): 24

Jumping forward to the Sassanid Era (224 - 642 CE).. Pics & Info thanks to Gilgamesh

Temple of Anahita, the water goddess in Bishapur, Pars

The Sassanid city of Bishapur was one of the largest cities in the ancient times, however most of buildings of this great city have been destroyed but the structure of Anahita temple has remained relatively untouched, since it was built deeper than other buildings and covered by several feet of dirt till 1940s when the French archeologist Roman Ghirshman excavated the site of Bishapur.

The floor plan of palace and temple complex of Bishapur is shown below. The main entry to the temple is stairway in front of palace. The plan shows water from river Shapur is channeled into an under ground canal directed to the temple floor. The flow of water then continues to feed the city of Bishapur next to the complex.









According to French archaeologists, there was a large dome covering the entire area, but the walls appear to be not strong enough to support a heavy superstructure.

The temple:



The exterior of the shrine:



This looks like the triangle-shaped wall that supports a roof, but the sanctuary was open.

The inside of the temple:




Bull shaped head stone:



Main wall from floor view:



Stairs from main floor:



Water canal:



Water was directed from Shapur river using under ground water canals to the floor of the temple.

Water canal access:



The huge statue of Shapur I (241-272) at Bishapur:









__________________
shugs no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old December 18th, 2006, 12:24 PM   #19
persian
Persian Gulf
 
persian's Avatar
 
Join Date: Sep 2005
Posts: 2,566
Likes (Received): 551

amazing man
__________________
Pics of the most beautiful country

Visit Iran forum

Alitezar's great Tehran thread

The biggest problem with Iranian people is that they don't know just how great their country can be.
persian no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old December 23rd, 2006, 02:24 PM   #20
Kaiser
Herr
 
Kaiser's Avatar
 
Join Date: Oct 2005
Location: World
Posts: 613
Likes (Received): 22

Splendid pics! Too bad that their all ruins
__________________
Never judge a book by its movie. -- J. W. Eagan
Kaiser no está en línea   Reply With Quote


Reply

Thread Tools

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off



All times are GMT +2. The time now is 08:22 AM.


Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.11 Beta 4
Copyright ©2000 - 2017, vBulletin Solutions Inc.
Feedback Buttons provided by Advanced Post Thanks / Like (Pro) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2017 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.

vBulletin Optimisation provided by vB Optimise (Pro) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2017 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.

SkyscraperCity ☆ In Urbanity We trust ☆ about us | privacy policy | DMCA policy

Hosted by Blacksun, dedicated to this site too!
Forum server management by DaiTengu