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Old January 29th, 2012, 04:34 PM   #2001
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"SOBORNAYA":

"Sobornaya" ("Cathedral") is a future station on the Line 1 of the Omsk Metro. It will located along the Komarov Avenue, between the Bus Terminal and Left-Bank Market, in the Kirovsky Administrative District. The station named after Christmas Cathedral located nearby. This cathedral was built in 1990s and was opened in Christmas Day, on January 7, 2001. There located hotel, living massives and multi-purpose Omsk Arena near the future station.

The station will be made in red and white colors - the traditional colors in the architecture of the Russian cathedrals. The nine niches of the vault will be remind the domes of cathedrals. Each niche will contain ten light fixtures.


omskplan

Project variant / innovative variant:

omskplan

Project variant / innovative variant:

omskplan

Christmas Cathedral:

Link

"ROKOSSOVSKOGO":

"Rokossovskogo" ("Konstantin Rokossovsky") is a future western terminus station on the Line 1 of the Omsk Metro. It will located near the Fugenfirov street and Rokossovsky street, in the Kirovsky Administrative District. It will be over-ground station.

The station named after Rokossovsky street located nearby. The street was named in the honour of Konstantin Rokossovsky (1896-1968), the Polish-origin Soviet career officer, who was a Marshal of the Soviet Union, as well as Marshal of Poland and Polish Defence Minister, who was famously known for his service in the Eastern Front, where he received high esteem for his outstanding military skill. He is considered one of the Red Army's greatest strategists.

His leadership played a great role in all the major victorious battles of the Second World War - Battle of Moscow (1941-1942), Battle of Stalingrad (1942-1943), Battle of Kursk (1943), Belorussian Strategic Offensive Operation "Bagration" (1944). As one of the most prominent Soviet military commanders of the Second World War, Rokossovsky was present at the Victory Parade in Red Square in Moscow in 1945, riding on a black stallion next to Marshal Georgy Zhukov. Among his numerous awards are Order of Victory (1945), Gold Star of the hero of Soviet Union (1944, 1945), Order of Suvorov of 1st class (1943), Order of Kutuzov of 1st class (1943), British Order of the Bath (1945), French Legion of Honour (1945) and American Legion of Merit (1945).


omskplan

METRO DEPOT:

Project variant - 16 hectares / innovative variant - 8.4 hectares:

omskplan
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Old January 29th, 2012, 04:35 PM   #2002
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FURTHER DEVELOPMENT - NEXT STAGES:

Plans call for the line to be extended on the right bank of the Irtysh River to "Rabochaya" station (the section between "Tupolevskaya" and "Rabochaya" is partially complete). The first line is planned to have 11 stations and a total length of 13.6 km, with an additional metro bridge over the Om River. When the line is complete, it is expected to have a daily ridership of 330.000 passengers.

Construction of the second line will start after 2015. It will go on the right bank of the Irtysh, mostly parallel to the river. Transfer to the first line will be available at "Biblioteka imeni Pushkina". This line is expected to have twenty stations. At the same time, the first line is planned to be extended on the left bank by four stations.

The third line will not be built until the distant future. If built, it will likely be on both banks of the Irtysh River, like the first line.


Urbanrail

The perspective scheme of the Omsk Metro. Pink section - the first stage; red/yellow - second stage:

omskplan
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Old January 29th, 2012, 04:36 PM   #2003
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THE STATIONS OF THE NEXT STAGES:

"Torgovy Tsentr" ("Trade Center"):

omskplan


omskplan


omskplan

Over-ground stations "Molodyozhnaya" ("Youth"), "Solnechnaya" ("Sunny"), "Zapadnaya" ("Western") and "Zakhlaminskaya":

omskplan


omskplan

Ground-level stations "Tyukalinskaya" and "Goryachy Klyuch" ("Hot Spring"):

omskplan

Ground-level station "Druzhino":

omskplan
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Old January 29th, 2012, 05:29 PM   #2004
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Я люблю Россию! Keep up the good work, I love this thread!
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Old January 30th, 2012, 12:04 AM   #2005
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Lara, see the next page.
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Old January 30th, 2012, 12:08 AM   #2006
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45) June 26, 1916 - Arkhangelsk:

Arkhangelsk Tramway was the last tram system, which was opened in Russian Empire. During the all period of own existence, it was also the most northern tram system in the world (64°32′N). Before 1916, this record belonged to the tram system in Trondheim, Norway (63°25′N), which was opened on December 2, 1901. Currently this status again belong to Trondheim Tramway.

Early history

Arkhangelsk, formerly known as Archangel in English, is a city and the administrative center of Arkhangelsk Region. It lies on both banks of the Northern Dvina River near its exit into the White Sea in the north of European Russia. The city spreads for over 40 kilometers (25 miles) along the banks of the river and numerous islands of its delta. Arkhangelsk was the chief seaport of medieval Russia, until 1703. The city is located at the northern end of a 1133 km (704 miles) long railroad, connecting it to Moscow via Vologda and Yaroslavl.

The area where Arkhangelsk is situated was known to the Vikings as Bjarmaland. Viking adventurer Ohthere from Hålogaland told from his travels circa 870 of an area by a river and the White Sea with many buildings. This was probably the place later known as Arkhangelsk. According to Icelandic historian Snorri Sturluson there was a Viking raid on this area in 1027, led by Tore Hund.

In 1989, an unusually rich silver treasure was found by the mouth of Dvina, right next to present-day Arkhangelsk. It was probably buried in the beginning of the 12th century, and contained articles that may have been up to 200 years old at that time. Most of the findings are made up by a total of 1.6 kg (3.53 lb) of silver, mostly coins. Jewelry and pieces of jewelry hail from Russia or neighbouring areas. Most coins were German, but there was also a smaller number of Kufan, English, Bohemian, Hungarian, Danish, Swedish and Norwegian coins. It is hard to place this find historically until further research is completed. There are at least two possible interpretations. It may be a treasure belonging to the society outlined by the Norse source material. Generally such finds, whether from Scandinavia, the Baltic area or Russia, are closely tied to well-established agricultural societies with considerable trade activity. Alternatively, like the Russian scientists who published the find in 1992, one may see it as an evidence of a stronger force of Russian colonisation than previously thought.

In the 12th century, the Novgorodians established the Archangel Michael Monastery in the estuary of the Northern Dvina. The main trade center of the area at that time was Kholmogory, located 75 km (46.60 miles) southeast of Arkhangelsk, up the Dvina River, about 10 km (6.21 miles) downstream from where the Pinega River flows into the Dvina. Written sources indicate that Kholmogory existed early in the 12th century, but there is no archeological material to illuminate the early history of the town. It is not known whether this settlement was originally Russian, or if it goes back to pre-Russian times. In the center of the small town (or Gorodok) that is there today is a large mound of building remains and river sand, but it has not been archeologically excavated.

Arkhangelsk came to be important in the rivalry between Norwegian and Russian interests in the northern areas. From Novgorod Republic, the Russian interest sphere was extended far north to the Kola Peninsula in the 12th century. However, here Norway enforced taxes and rights to the fur trade. A compromise agreement entered in 1251 was soon broken. In 1411, Yakov Stepanovitch from Novogorod went to attack Northern Norway. This was the beginning of a series of clashes, and in 1419 Norwegian ships with 500 soldiers entered the White Sea. The "Murmaners", as the Norwegians were called, plundered many Russian settlements along the coast, among them the Archangel Michael Monastery. Novgorod managed to drive the Norwegians back. However, in 1478 the area was taken over by Grand Prince of Moscow Ivan III and passed to Muscovy with the rest of Novgorod Republic.

Three English ships set out to find the Northeast passage to China in 1553; two disappeared, and one ended up in the White Sea, eventually coming across Arkhangelsk. Ivan the Terrible found out about this, and brokered a trade agreement with the ship's captain Richard Chancellor. It led to the establishment of the first diplomatic relations between Russia and England. Trade privileges were officially granted to English merchants in 1555, leading to the founding of the "Company of Merchant Adventurers", which began sending ships annually into the estuary of the Northern Dvina. Dutch merchants also started bringing their ships into the White Sea from the 1560s. Scottish and English merchants also traded in the 16th century; however, by the 17th century it was mainly the Dutch that sailed to the White Sea area. In 1584, Ivan the Terrible ordered to found town of New Kholmogory (on August 1, 1613 it was officially renamed into Arkhangelsk after the nearby Archangel Michael Monastery). At the time access to the Baltic Sea was still mostly controlled by Sweden, so while Arkhangelsk was icebound in winter, it remained Moscow's almost sole link to the sea-trade. Since late-1580s, Arkhangelsk become centre of Russian foreign trade, which brought 60% of profit into state treasury. Local inhabitants, called Pomors, were the first to explore trade routes to Northern Siberia as far as the trans-Urals city of Mangazeya and beyond.

In 1693, Russian Emperor Peter I ordered the creation of a state shipyard in Arkhangelsk. A year later the ships "Svyatoye Prorochestvo" ("Holy Prophecy"), "Apostol Pavel" ("Apostle Paul") and the yacht "Svyatoy Pyotr" ("Saint Peter") were sailing in the White Sea. Peter I visited Arkhangelsk three times - in 1693, 1694 and 1702. In 1708 Arkhangelsk become centre of newly-founded Arkhangelsk Governorate. However Peter I also realized that Arkhangelsk would always be limited as a port due to the five months of ice cover, and after a successful campaign against Swedish armies in the Baltic area, he founded Saint Petersburg in 1703. In 1722, one year after victory in the Great Northern War against Sweden, Peter I decreed that Arkhangelsk should no longer accept goods more than it was sufficient for the town itself (for the so-called domestic consumption). It was due to the Emperor's will to shift all international marine trade to Saint Petersburg. This factor contributed a lot to the deterioration of Arkhangelsk that continued up to 1762 when this decree was canceled.

On November 19, 1711 in the village Denisovka, Arkhangelsk Governorate, on an island not far from Kholmogory, was born great Russian scientist Mikhail Lomonosov. In 1730, at nineteen, Lomonosov joined a caravan traveling to Moscow, where he obtained admission into the Slavic Greek Latin Academy. Mikhail Lomonosov was the founder of Russian native science. He made important contributions to literature, education, and science. Among his discoveries was the atmosphere of Venus (1761). His spheres of science were natural science, chemistry, physics, mineralogy, history, art, philology, optical devices and others. Lomonosov was also a poet, who created the basis of the modern Russian literary language. Eager to improve Russia’s educational system, in 1755, Lomonosov joined his patron Count Ivan Shuvalov in founding the Moscow State University. He is most famous native of Arkhangelsk Region.

Arkhangelsk declined in the 18th century as the Baltic trade became ever more important. However, during Napoleonic Wars and Continental Blockade of Great Britain (1807-1813), Arkhangelsk was only Russian port, opened for colonial goods. In the early years of the 19th century, the arrest and prolonged detention by the Russian authorities of John Bellingham, an English export representative based at Arkhangelsk, was the indirect cause of Bellingham later assassinating British Prime Minister Spencer Perceval (in 1812). The first city newspaper was published in 1838, the first theatre was opened in 1846, the City Public Museum - in 1859.

In 1897 population of Arkhangelsk was 21 thousand people. Arkhangelsk's economy revived at the end of the 19th century when a railway to Moscow was completed and timber became a major export. On November 3, 1898 was opened railway between Arkhangelsk and Moscow via Vologda and Yaroslavl. Construction of the Northern Railway between Arkhangelsk and Moscow was been completed on June 3, 1913, after opening of rail bridge across Volga River in Yaroslavl. In 1914, in Arkhangelsk were 26 sawmills, at which worked 11.000 people. The city served as an important base for Arctic exploration and the establishment of shipping along the Northern Sea Route. More than 200 polar research expeditions went from Arkhangelsk port, including expeditions of Vasily Chichagov (in 1765-1766), Fyodor Litke (1821-1824), Pyotr Pakhtusov (1832-1835), Vladimir Rusanov (1908-1913) and Georgy Sedov (1912-1914). In 1915 was opened Icebreaking Bureau, which provided shipping during winter period. Originally there were 13 icebreakers in Arkhangelsk.

In 1894 at Solombala Island (district of Arkhangelsk) was opened first public library. In 1897 in Arkhangelsk began to operate the first telephone station. By the end of 1915, there were 780 telephone subscribers in the city. In 1903 was put into operation first urban water-conduit. In 1907 was opened first bus route - from Bishop street (now Uritsky street) to the end of Trinity Avenue; along the Northern Dvina Embankment. Therefore, Arkhangelsk became first Russian city, where bus became to be used as kind of public transport. The first electric lighting was installed in 1909 at Trinity Avenue and Northern Dvina Embankment. In 1911 at Solombala Island was opened shipyard for construction and repairment of the ships. On September 28, 1913 in Arkhangelsk was put into operation radio station, the first in the Northern Russia.

End of 19th century. View from the Northern Dvina River. Archangel Michael Church (left), Trinity Cathedral (centre) and Nativity Church (right):

АНфиса

End of 19th century. Loading of a cod:

Black&white
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Old January 30th, 2012, 12:09 AM   #2007
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Electric tram network

The idea of construction of tram system in Arkhangelsk began to discussed in 1898. By 1913, after completion of construction of Northern Railway between Moscow and Arkhangelsk, city economy began to increase. For this reason, in 1913 was decided to build urban tram network. At those times there were many wooden houses in Arkhangelsk. For the safety of wooden houses, it was decided to build electric system. The supervisors of construction of electric tram were Yakov Leizinger (Head of Arkhangelsk) and engineer Konstantin Repin, who was author of the project of electrification of horse-drawn tramline in Pskov (in 1911-1912). Repin supervised all construction works as well as purchasing of equipment.

The construction works started in 1914. On September 15, 1914 Yakov Leizinger died. Despite of Leizinger's death and beginning of WWI, Konstantin Repin brought the case to the end. Within three years, there were laid tramlines, installed overhead lines, and were built tram depot and traction substation. There were laid two-track tramlines (gauge - 1524 mm). The traction substation was built in 1914 at #13 Perm street (now Suvorov street). Tram depot was built at the crossing of Post Highway (now Leningrad street) and Northern Dvina Embankment (now Chapayev street). During WWI, Arkhangelsk was a major port of entry for Allied aid. Cargo tonnage of Arkhangelsk seaport increased in 20 times.

The tramcars were made at Mytishchi Plant near Moscow. The tram system was opened on June 25, 1916. The first tram trip was made from depot to the building of City Council (now Northern State Medical University) at the crossing of Trinity Avenue and Police street (now Freedom street). The first passengers were city officials and merchants. Next day it was opened for all passengers. Originally there operated 8 tramcars in opening day. In general, by the end of 1916 there were 17 passenger tramcars in Arkhangelsk. Ten of those tramcars (№№ 11-20) were made at Mytishchi Plant in 1915, another seven (№№ 21-27) - in 1916. In addition, there were service tramcars like snowplow.

There were two routes: 1) Bishop street (now Uritsky street) - Trinity Avenue - Police street (now Freedom street); 2) Police street (now Freedom street) - Trinity Avenue - Perm street (now Suvorov street). The exploitation of tram system was very profitable - daily profit was more than 1000 rubles. Travel prices were 7 kopecks or 0.07 rubles at the route from Bishop street (now Uritsky street) to the City Council building and 10 kopecks or 0.10 rubles for the trip to the Perm street (now Suvorov street). Very soon, wanting to have more profit, city officials decided to increase those prices to 10 and 15 kopecks respectively. It was introduced since July 2, 1916. As result, for first day daily profit increased to 1949 rubles (July 2), but very soon decreased to 1248 rubles (July 5). The annual passenger traffic was 3.107.600 people.

The first disastrous accident happened on November 3, 1916 at the crossing of Trinity Avenue and Cathedral street (now Karl Liebknecht street). As result, pedestrian Pyotr Savinov lost own leg and died on the way to the city hospital. Fortunately, similar incidents were very rare.

On February 2, 1917 was opened tramline at the Solombala Island, the historical district of Arkhangelsk. This district is located at the other bank of small Kuznechikha River. This river divide city into two parts. Before Revolution, during summer period Solombala Island was connected by the temporary wooden bridge with the central part of the city. There was no permanent communication across Kuznechikha River. For this reason, during winter seasons tram tracks were laid directly on the temporary wooden supports on the ice (similar method was used in St. Petersburg during 1895-1910 and in Nizhny Novgorod during 1896-1910s). Later was built tramline to the 6th Versta (now 3rd Sawmill). In general, there were 14.84 km of tramlines.

After October Revolution of 1917, Bolsheviks took power in Arkhangelsk. The city resisted Bolshevik rule from 1918 to 1920 and was a stronghold of the anti-Bolshevik White Army supported by the military intervention of British-led Entente forces along an Allied expedition, including a North American contingent known as the "Polar Bear Expedition". During the Russian Civil War, on August 2, 1918 Arkhangelsk was occupied by the Western powers who had been allied in the First World War. It became administrative centre of Northern Region, which was established on the day of beginning of Western occupation. On January 15, 1919 Lieutenant-General Yevgeny Miller, authoritarian commander of White Army, became General-Governor of Northern Region. As result, there was established military dictatorship.

British and American aggressors have established a colonial regime at the occupied territories of Russian Arctic. They declared martial law, imposed military courts, and plundered northern towns (43 million kg. of different goods to the amount of 950 million gold rubles). American troops have served like chasteners. According to the order of Yevgeny Miller, in the uncompleted Naval base in Murmansk Region was organized concentration camp. The supervisors of the concentration camp were British officers, who invented similar brutal methods of isolation of prisoners and oppositionists during Second Anglo-Boer War of 1899-1902. Near 50 thousands of Russians (about 10% of population of occupied territories) were imprisoned. Only in Arkhangelsk were executed 8000 prisoners and 1020 prisoners died from hunger, cold and disease.

Western aggressors tried to capture more Russian territories. However, due to large number of prisons and camps, this regime became unpopular in the region. With time, defence of Red Army became stronger and carried successful counterattacks. The Battle of Tulgas was fought between Allied and Soviet Bolshevik troops on the Northern Dvina River. It took place on the day the armistice ending World War I was signed, November 11, 1918, and is sometimes referred to as the "Peace Day's Bloody Battle". It ended with the fall of Tulgas to Communist forces, who then proceeded on with another offensive action in January of 1919, which ended with the capture of Shenkursk.

In January 1919, after end of WWI, Western aggression became very unpopular in British society. British citizens demanded that the government stop intervention and return the troops home. The discipline in the Western occupation troops has fallen, there were many cases of desertion and sabotage. Military tribunals of Allied forces sentenced the own countrymen to the death penalty. After an unsuccessful advance against the Red Army along the Northern Dvina in the summer of 1919, British forces withdrew from the region. Western occupiers were forced to leave Arkhangelsk and whole Russian Arctic, and Miller's men faced the enemy alone. In February 1920, Yevgeny Miller was evacuated from Arkhangelsk for Norway. On February 20, 1920 Red Army took power in Arkhangelsk.

However, despite of all political changes, tram operation in Arkhangelsk was not suspended during First World War, February and October Revolutions and Russian Civil War. Each power tried to save tram network for the normal exploitation. As result, in 1920 Arkhangelsk Tramway became one of the busiest tram system in relative terms, according to ratio "annual traffic / urban population". It was highly regarded at the First All-Russian Tram Conference, which was held in Moscow during December 1922.

Approximate scheme of the earlier tramlines at the old map of Arkhangelsk:
X - site of the location of old tram depot;
Orange line - service line from tram depot to the Bishop street (now Uritsky street);
Red line - tram route "Bishop street (now Uritsky street) - Police street (now Freedom street)";
Green line - tram route "Police street (now Freedom street) - Perm street (now Suvorov street)";
Blue line - tram route "Central part - Solombala Island":

Wikipedia
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Old January 30th, 2012, 12:11 AM   #2008
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Early-1910s. Yakov Leizinger (left; 1855-1914), who was Head of City and initiator of construction of tram system, near the House of Peter the Great in Arkhangelsk:

martinv

1914-1916, construction of the electric tram network:

АНфиса

Сonstruction of the electric tram network:

emezk
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Old January 30th, 2012, 12:12 AM   #2009
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1916, Mytishchi tramcar in the tram depot:

Моршнев

1916, biaxial snowplow in Arkhangelsk:

Государственный архив Архангельской области

1916-1917, tramcar at Bishop street (now Uritsky street):

А. А. Поплавский

1916, Repin's team near tram depot. Konstantin Repin (supervisor of construction) in the centre of group:

А. А. Поплавский
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Old January 30th, 2012, 12:14 AM   #2010
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1916, tramcar near the building of City Council (now Northern State Medical University) at the crossing of Trinity Avenue and Police street (now Freedom street):

АНфиса

1916, city officials near tramcar:

vaga-land

1916. Tramcar at Trinity Avenue between Perm street (now Suvorov street) and Vologda street:

АНфиса

1918, Trinity Avenue. Monument to Mikhail Lomonosov:

Black&white

1918, Trinity Avenue:

martinv

1918, Trinity Avenue:

Black&white

1916-1917, first tram workers. Controller Rautsen (centre) with tram drivers Khristina Andreyeva (left) and Korelskaya (right):

fred-agfest
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Old January 30th, 2012, 12:16 AM   #2011
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August 1918. British and American occupiers in Arkhangelsk:

АНфиса

1919, Trinity Avenue:

АНфиса

1919, Sharvin House (now Arkhangelsk Youth Theatre named after Viktor Panov) at the crossing of Trinity Avenue and Assumption street (now Loginov street). Here was located government of Northern Region:

vaga-land

Spring 1919. Crossing of Trinity Avenue and Freedom street:

vaga-land
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Old January 30th, 2012, 12:17 AM   #2012
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June 25, 1919. The filming of Western occupiers near Archangel Michael Cathedral:

Black&white

1919, tramline near House of Governor at Trinity Avenue. During Western intervention, there were located embassies of three states - France, Italy and United States:

martinv

1919, tramcar near building of City Council:

martinv

1919, tramline near Trinity Cathedral:

martinv
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Old January 30th, 2012, 12:18 AM   #2013
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Historical video, which was made by Western interventionists during 1918-1919 (cadres with Arkhangelsk tramcars: 3:55 - 5:49):


1918, crossing of the Trinity Avenue and Perm street (now Suvorov street). These cadres were made by Western occupiers:

old-arkhangelsk


old-arkhangelsk


old-arkhangelsk


old-arkhangelsk

September 1918. Strikebreakers in Arkhangelsk - due to strike of tram workers, American soldiers worked by tram drivers for short period:

fred-agfest
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Old January 30th, 2012, 12:22 AM   #2014
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Some more historical video made by Western occupiers with description of the places. Cadres with Arkhangelsk tramcars:
02:13 - 02:20. Northern Dvina Embankment, view at the Annunciation Church;
06:19 - 06:29. German Settlement (part of city between Kuznechikha River and building of City Council);
06:30 - 06:34. Trinity Avenue near Police street (now Freedom street);
07:24 - 07:27. German Settlement (part of city between Kuznechikha River and building of City Council);
07:33 - 07:40. Trinity Cathedral;
08:54 - 08:57. Transfiguration Naval Cathedral:



Early-20th century, funeral procession from Solombala Island. Temporary wooden bridge across Kuznechikha River:

martinv

"On-ice" tram on the Kuznechikha River, which was part of Arkhangelsk Tramway - the last tram system, which was opened in Russian Empire. It's interesting that "on-ice" tramline was been part of most earlier Russia's electric tram systems (in Saint Petersburg and Nizhny Novgorod):

АНфиса

Winter 1918/1919. Right way was built for tramline to Solombala Island, wooden bridge (left) - for opposite direction:

Михаил Лощилов

"On-ice" tram on the Kuznechikha River. Remains of the temporary wooden bridge (left):

Виталий В
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Old January 30th, 2012, 12:22 AM   #2015
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"On-ice" tram on the Kuznechikha River:

Виталий В

"On-ice" tramline across Kuznechikha River:

vaga-land

"On-ice" tram on the Kuznechikha River:

АНфиса

"On-ice" tram on the route "City centre - Solombala Island":

А. А. Поплавский

Dismantling of "on-ice" tramline due to coming of spring thaw:

АНфиса
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Old February 1st, 2012, 01:39 AM   #2016
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CHELYABINSK METRO

Chelyabinsk is a city and the administrative center of Chelyabinsk Region, located in the northwestern side of the region, 210 kilometers (130 miles) south of Yekaterinburg, just to the east of the Ural Mountains, on the Miass River. It's situated on the south-eastern tip of the Ural mountain range and has more than 100 ethnic groups living in the city. Currently Chelyabinsk is a ninth largest city in Russia (ranking after Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg, Nizhny Novgorod, Samara, Omsk and Kazan), with the population of 1.130 million people (2010).

Chelyabinsk Metro is an underground rapid transit system being constructed in Chelyabinsk. Envisioned in the 1960s, construction started in 1992. After long delays, the first section is scheduled to open in 2016-2017, which will make it Ural's second subway, after the Yekaterinburg Metro system, which was opened on April 26, 1991.

June 2011. Chelyabinsk city:

raskalov-vit


raskalov-vit


raskalov-vit

BRIEF HISTORY OF METRO CONSTRUCTION IN CHELYABINSK:

Central planners in Moscow first identified Chelyabinsk as a metro-eligible city during the 1960s.

The first project of Metro lines was proposed in the General City Plan of 1967. It included construction of two lines:
1) Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant - Revolution Square - Chelyabinsk Polytechnical Institute (now South Ural State University) - North-West - Chelyabinsk Metallurgical Plant (now part of "Mechel" company);
2) Chelyabinsk Tube-Rolling Plant - Main Rail Terminal - Revolution Square - Thermal Engineering Institute - North-West.

The second project was recommended by Complex Transport Scheme of City in 1973. It included construction of three lines:
1) Chelyabinsk Metallurgical Plant - Revolution Square - Main Rail Terminal - Chelyabinsk Tube-Rolling Plant;
2) Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant - Revolution Square - Chelyabinsk Polytechnical Institute - North-West;
3) Chelyabinsk Mechanical-Automatic Plant - Main Rail Terminal - Komsomol Square - North-East.

The third project was made by "Metrogiprotrans" company in 1982. It included construction of three lines:
1) Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant - Revolution Square - Trade Centre - Shoe Factory - North-West;
2) Chelyabinsk Tube-Rolling Plant - Main Rail Terminal - Revolution Square - Chelyabinsk Polytechnical Institute;
3) Chelyabinsk Metallurgical Plant - Shoe Factory - Gorky street - Komsomol Square - Main Rail Terminal - Chelyabinsk Mechanical-Automatic Plant.

The fourth project, which was published in mass-media in mid-1980s, included construction of three lines:
1)
Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant - Revolution Square - Trade Centre - Victory Avenue - North-West;
2) Chelyabinsk Metallurgical Plant - Victory Avenue - Chelyabinsk Polytechnical Institute - Main Rail Terminal - Leninsky District;
3) Chelyabinsk Mechanical-Automatic Plant - Main Rail Terminal - Revolution Square - North-East.

Construction of the first line started in 1992. The first line is being built according to the project of St. Petersburg Project and Research Institute "Lenmetrogiprotrans": Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant - Revolution Square - Trade Centre - North-West.

In March 1998, before the 1998 Russian financial crisis, Pyotr Sumin, Governor of the Chelyabinsk Region, called the Chelyabinsk Metro one of the most important construction projects in the region. Construction companies in arrears on their taxes to the local and federal governments offered their services to build the Metro in lieu of payment. The project was therefore being financed by the tax debt of the construction companies to various government bodies. Now it is funded jointly by the governments of Russia, Chelyabinsk Region and the city of Chelyabinsk, allocating in total around $40 mln a year.

The project was initially due to be completed by 2000, but has been postponed several times due to lack of financing. The construction plan was developed many years ago and as the city has expanded and transport needs have changed greatly, critics argue that the initial stations will be of little help in reducing traffic congestion or improving the transportation system. Alternative projects such as a Metrotram or surface trains have been rejected.

April 2001: First part of the Metro line, "Komsomolskaya Ploshchad" - "Ploshchad Revolyutsii" - "Torgovy Tsentr" (3 stations), might be opened in summer 2006. But due to financial problems, this may be later (in 2001, 74 mln rubles were assigned to Chelyabinsk Metro from the federal budget).
August 2004: The opening of the first section including three stations ("Torgovy Tsentr" - "Revolution Square" - "Komsomolskaya Ploshchad") is envisaged for 2010, if financing can be guaranteed.
May 2006: Cut-and-cover construction of "Komsomolskaya Ploshchad" station has begun.
July 2006: 342 meters of tunnels have been dug. Target date of opening of first section (3 stations) is 2010.
January 2007: There will be 4 stations instead of 3 on the first section of Chelyabinsk Metro: "Komsomolskaya Ploshchad", "Ploshchad Revolyutsii", "Torgovy Tsentr" and "Prospekt Pobedy". Its total length will make 5.7 km plus a 1 km branch to the depot. This was announced by the Deputy Director of "Chelyabinskmetrotransstroy" Anatoliy Zaprudin on the 24 January, 2007. "Metrostroy" has dug as much as 516 m of tunnels in 2006. From which: 232m by shooting towards "Torgovy Tsentr", 284 m by TBM "Lovat" towards "Komsomolskaya Ploshchad". In 2007 it is planned to build another 1.5 km of Chelyabinsk Metro.

As result of the global financial crisis, federal officials stopped funding of the Chelyabinsk Metro construction. In the first half of 2010 was discussed question about the possibility of renewed funding, but it was refused.

On May 27, 2010 Nikolay Shumakov, Head Architect of "Metrogiprotrans" company (which designs future Moscow Metro stations), the native of Chelyabinsk Region, presented own project. Unlike previous projects, the current is cheaper on 30%. According to this project, there should to be built segment from "Traktorozavodskaya" to "Prospekt Pobedy" with four srations. In addition, there should to be built Metro depot and Engineers' Corps. The operational length of this segment is 7.4 km, the total length - 8.5 km. All stations planned to be built in High-tech style.

On June 23, 2010 this project was approved. Then was declared that during 18 years were spent 12 billion rubles for the Metro construction in Chelyabinsk, and it's need another 25 billion rubles (~ 825 million USD) for the completion of the first segment. On September 15, 2010 it was declared that regional administration decided to continue slow Metro construction instead of its conservation. The funding from regional budget was 520 million rubles in 2010 and 0.7 billion rubles in 2011. In 2012 they plan to fund it on 1.086 billion rubles, in 2013 - on 1.239 billion, in 2014 - on 1.324 billion(~ 43.6 mln. USD).

The first three stations were scheduled to open in 2007, but this has been postponed to 2010. In 2007 a decision has been made to open the first line in 2014, consisting of four stations. As funding is not constant it is difficult to estimate an opening date, but as of late 2011, it is estimated that the system will open in 2016-2017.

ACTUAL PLANS:

The current plans include opening four stations and the depot by 2016-2017. The four stations will be:
1) "Komsomolskaya Ploshchad" ("Komsomol Square");
2) "Ploshchad Revolyutsii" ("Revolution Square");
3) "Torgovy Tsentr" ("Trade Centre");
4) "Prospekt Pobedy" ("Victory Avenue").

The total length of tunnels will be 5.7 km, with an additional 1 km track to the depot. The average speed is expected to be 36 km/h and travel time along the entire route is expected to be 10 minutes 12 seconds. Daily ridership is projected at 155.000 passengers and yearly ridership at 56.6 million.

Further plans include expanding the first line east to the Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant (one station), and west (3 stations) by 2018. Two more lines running from north to southeast and from northeast to southwest are planned; their time of construction is undefined.

In November, 2011, the first station structure (of "Komsomolskaya Ploshchad") was finished.




Wikipedia


Urbanrail

List of stations (from west to east): "Prospekt Pobedy", "Torgovy Tsentr", "Ploshchad Revolyutsii" and "Komsomolskaya Ploshchad";
Green lines - projected tunnels;
Blue lines - tunnels, which were built by the tunnel boring machine "Lovat";
Grey arrow - current position of the tunnel boring machine;
Purple lines - tunnels, which were built drilling and blasting method;
Blue rectangle - "Komsomol Square", structure of which was built;

Pink rectangles - three stations, at which currently no construction works:

raskalov-vit

Tunnel from Metro depot to the "Komsomol Square" station:

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This tunnel was built by the boring machine:

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This section was built drilling and blasting method:

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Old February 1st, 2012, 01:43 AM   #2017
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"PROSPEKT POBEDY":

"Prospekt Pobedy" ("Victory Avenue") is a future western terminus station on the Line 1 of the Chelyabinsk Metro. It will be located near intersection of Victory Avenue and Sverdlovsk Avenue, in the Kalininsky District. The station will be built with two vestibules. The vestibule №1 will be have four exits at the all sides of the intersection of Victory Avenue and Sverdlovsk Avenue. The one exit will be built in the ground-floor of the future building of Engineers' Corps. The vestibule №2 will be located near the Red Banner street and will be have exits to the both sides of Victory Avenue. In the distance future there will be built interchange to the station of Line 2.

The station named after Victory Avenue, under which it will be built. Currently there is no any construction work of this station.

The architects of the station are Nikolay Shumakov (project leader), Alexander Orlov, Alexander Nekrasov and Vadim Volovich. "Prospekt Pobedy" will be deep-level three-vaulted station of the pylon type. From the side of central hall the pylons will be faced with translucent material, which scatter light from fixtures located at the bottom. From the side platforms, the pylons will be faced with marble.


Wikipedia


Wikipedia

Engineers' Corps:

Wikipedia


Wikipedia


Wikipedia

"TORGOVY TSENTR":

"Torgovy Tsentr" ("Trade Center") is a future station on the Line 1 of the Chelyabinsk Metro. It located near the Sverdlovsk Avenue, Labour street, Kashirin Brothers street and Kasli street, in the Central and Kalininsky Districts. The station will be built under the Miass River and will be have two vestibules at the both banks. The one exit will be located at the left bank near the large Trade Center, the other - at the right bank near the Museum of Local History. There will be organized connection of the station with the busiest transport magistrals - Kashirin Brothers street and Kirov street.

The station named after Trade Center, which located nearby. Chelyabinsk Trade Center is a building on the embankment of the Miass River, which opened on December 22, 1975. The Trade Center silhouette became one of the symbols of the city.

The main square building (side size is 102 meters) is covered by the dome, which is supported only by the columns on its edges. The dome itself is made of 1500 reinforced concrete shells, tightened together with metal cables. Total weight of the dome is above 5000 tons. Dome edge piers can move, allowing the whole construction to "breathe" (expand or contract) depending on the outside temperature (temperature in Chelyabinsk can be as low as –40°C in winter and +40°C in summer). The design of the Trade Center (developed by Leningrad Project Institute Number One) received positive reviews during exhibitions in Moscow, London and New York in 1974-1978. Today there are several mid-size retail outlets in the Trade Center (selling food, electronic devices), with the large portion of the space occupied by small outlets (clothes, DIY, home appliances and others). Total retail and warehouse area is 18000 m².

The construction works at the station were started in December 2000, but the construction was very slow. By April 2009, the readiness of the station was only 7%. In the end of 2008 "Chelyabmetrostroy" company purchased new boring machine, which helped to accelerate pace of construction works. In 2011 was built only upper part of the vault. Currently there going construction of the escalator tunnel from the side of Trade Center. This escalator tunnel is connected with the underground vestibule, which is fully built.

The architects of the station are Nikolay Shumakov (project leader), Alexander Orlov, Alexander Nekrasov and Vadim Volovich. "Torgovy Tsentr" is a deep-level (depth - 42 meters) single-vaulted station. The decorative surface of the vault of station will be made from metallic panels of white colour.

Museum of Local History at the right bank of Miass River (museum was opened on July 1, 1923; the new building was opened on June 29, 2006):

Wikipedia

Trade Centre at the left bank of Miass River:

Wikipedia

October 3, 2006. Station will be located under Miass River:

rosmetrostroy


Wikipedia


Wikipedia


Wikipedia


Wikipedia

The upper part of the vault of station:

Pashka Vidik


Pashka Vidik

The vestibule of the station:

Wikipedia
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Old February 1st, 2012, 01:45 AM   #2018
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"PLOSHCHAD REVOLYUTSII":

"Ploshchad Revolyutsii" ("Revolution Square") is a future station on the Line 1 of the Chelyabinsk Metro. It will be built under the Lenin Avenue, between the Tsvilling street and Freedom street, near the Revolution Square, in the Sovietsky District. Its platform will be located under the Lenin Avenue, between the Soviet street and Pushkin street. The station named after nearest Revolution Square, the major square in the city. "Ploshchad Revolyutsii" will be part of transport complex at the square. In the distant future there will be built interchange to the station of Line 3.

The preparation works were made in the end of 1990s. The main phase of construction was scheduled on 2009. Currently all construction works at the station were stopped.

The architects of the station are Nikolay Shumakov (project leader), Alexander Orlov, Alexander Nekrasov and Vadim Volovich. "Ploshchad Revolyutsii" will be deep-level (depth - 42 meters) three-vaulted station of the column-wall type. From the side of central hall the surface of column-walls will be faced with translucent material, which scatter light from fixtures located at the bottom. From the side platforms, the column-walls will be faced with marble.


Wikipedia


Wikipedia


Wikipedia


Wikipedia

October 3, 2006. Eastern vestibule of station planned to be built at this side of square:

rosmetrostroy

January 11, 2011. Construction site (№250):

Igor74

"KOMSOMOLSKAYA PLOSHCHAD":

"Komsomolskaya Ploshchad" ("Komsomol Square") is a future station on the Line 1 of the Chelyabinsk Metro. It's located under the Lenin Avenue, between its intersections with Griboyedov street and Gorky street, near the Komsomol Square, in the Traktorozavodsky District. The station named after Komsomol Square, which located nearby. It will be part of transport complex, which will connect centre of the city with Traktorozavodsky and Leninsky Districts.

The construction works at the station began in 2006. By November 2007, was built right tunnel from the Metro depot to the station. On August 8, 2008 was started construction of the tunnel between "Komsomolskaya Ploshchad" and "Ploshchad Revolyutsii" stations with using of TBM "Lovat". In 2010 it was decided to built station according to the new project, proposed by Nikolay Shumakov. In October 2011 was finished construction of its structure. The road surface over the station was restored on November 28, 2011. The readiness of the station is 45%.

The architects of the station are Nikolay Shumakov (project leader), Alexander Orlov, Alexander Nekrasov and Vadim Volovich. "Komsomolskaya Ploshchad" is a shallow (depth - 16 meters) single-vaulted station. There will be niches for light fixtures in the vault and walls of station. It will be built with two underground vestibules. The western vestibule will be have exit to the Griboyedov street. The eastern vestibule will be have exit to the Gorky street.




Wikipedia

Early October 2011:

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Metroblog


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October 28, 2011:

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October 14, 2011:

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November 2, 2011:

Link
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Old February 1st, 2012, 01:47 AM   #2019
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"TRAKTOROZAVODSKAYA":

"Traktorozavodskaya" ("Tractor Plant") is a future eastern terminus station on the Line 1 of the Chelyabinsk Metro. It will be located near the Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant, at the beginning of Lenin Avenue, in the Traktorozavodsky District. It will be built with two vestibules. The entrance to the first vestibule will be located in the existing underpass under Lenin Avenue, the second vestibule will be built near the polyclinic.

The architects of the station are Nikolay Shumakov (project leader), Alexander Orlov, Alexander Nekrasov and Vadim Volovich. "Traktorozavodskaya" will be a shallow single-vaulted station. The design of the vault of the station is based on the rhythmic alternation of the illuminated and non-illuminated parts. The station will be illuminated by fixtures, located in the caissons of the vault.

The construction of the station not started yet. The station named after Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant, also known as CTZ-Uraltrak, which located nearby.

This plant was opened on June 1, 1933; the first product was a 60 hp tracked tractor S-60 ("Stalinets-60") fueled by petroleum ether (Benzine). In 1937 the factory produced its first diesel-powered vehicle S-65 ("Stalinets-65"). This vehicle was awarded Grand Prix at the International Exposition 1937 in Paris. By 1940 the plant had produced 100.000 tractors. In 1940 engineers in the Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant began production of Soviet tanks (T-34, SU-152). During World War II the plant was renamed "Chelyabinsk Kirov Narkomtankprom Plant", and was expanded due to the relocation of factories to the area from western Russia. Due to the rapid establishment of tank construction on a massive scale in 1941, Chelyabinsk gained the nickname "Tankograd" ("Tank City"). In 1945 the plant was awarded the Order of Kutuzov, 1st Class, and other honours for its efforts in helping to defeat Nazi Germany.

Post-WWII conventional tractor production resumed with the S-80 ("Stalinets-80") entering serial production in 1946. The plant reverted to its original name of Chelyabinsk Tractor Factory in 1958. In 1961 a tractor with diesel electric transmission entered production: DET-250. The millionth tractor from Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant was produced in 1984. In 1990 a tractor with a hydromechanical transmission system entered production (T-10). In 2008 the company acquired 100% of amphibious tracked machine building company "Vityaz"; both are now part of the "Uralvagonzavod" holding group which "Uraltrak" established in association with other companies.

The organisation includes foundry and forging facilities, metal engineering facilities (CNC, lathes, heat treatment) as well as construction and assembly workshops. As of 2011, Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant produces wheeled and tracked tractors and related modified vehicles, and related parts, as well as tractor engines up to ~1000 hp (750 kW). Since 2010 the company has manufactured fork lifts under license from Bulgarian company "Balkancar Record". The company also produces road tanker vehicles, semi-trailers and pipe instalation road vehicles.


Wikipedia


Wikipedia
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Old February 1st, 2012, 01:50 AM   #2020
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Omsk metro looks very promising.
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