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Old July 4th, 2010, 11:12 AM   #201
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Construction of the entrances in Novosibirsk:

Photos taken by Andrey.nsk on July 3, 2010:
http://forum.mymetro.ru/index.php?au...q=si&img=21097

Entrance № 5:




Entrance № 6:




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Old July 4th, 2010, 01:01 PM   #202
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Construction of the Metro in Samara:

Station "Alabinskaya" is future station of the Samara Metro that is due to open in 2016.


Station named for the Pyotr Alabin (1824-1896), who was Russian statesman, military writer and journalist. He took part in the Crimean War 1853-1856 and was witness of the Siege of Sevastopol 1854-1855. During 1866-1877 Alabin worked on state service in Samara. During 1877-1878 he took part in the Russo-Turkish War, as result of which Bulgaria, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro got independence from Ottoman Empire. One of the street in Bulgarian capital Sofia named for Alabin. After the war, since 1884-1891, he was head of Samara.

Project of station:
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Old July 4th, 2010, 01:02 PM   #203
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Construction of the station "Alabinskaya":

On February 21, 2007 construction of the left tunnel (length - 650 metres) from station "Rossiyskaya" to the station "Alabinskaya" was begun. It was finished on August 9, 2007.


On February 5, 2008 construction of the right tunnel was begun. On May 21, 2008 the construction of station was started.

2008, process of construction:










On August 19, 2008 the construction of the right tunnel was finished:






2008-09, construction works:






According by the original plan, station planned to be opened in 2010-2011. However, in May 2009 it was decided to reduce funding of the Metro building. In August 2009 all construction works were stopped. Today, construction of the station suspended, its opening is not expected before 2016.

Current condition of building:

Photos taken by mvd-metro on July 1, 2010:
http://forum.mymetro.ru/index.php?au...q=si&img=21037

















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Old July 4th, 2010, 02:57 PM   #204
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I think that is bad to stop building in this stage. Cost of closing existing roads or other infrastructure is one of the building costs. If they want to stop, it is better to do that when they finished heavy building works, and when is possible to restore overground traffic. In this case metro worse, don`t improve transport in the city.

I read Russian wikipedia and found that there are a lot of neglected and abandoned tramway systems. Many cities of Russia have very wide boulevards (prospekt) and where is easy and cheap to make rapid tram or metrotram. Especialy because the most of Russia and Russian cities are on ground where is very expensive building metro. Other thing is possibility to make cheaper and easier for building overground sections of metro using trasses of railways and motorways.
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Old July 4th, 2010, 04:49 PM   #205
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Rail_Serbia View Post
I think that is bad to stop building in this stage. Cost of closing existing roads or other infrastructure is one of the building costs. If they want to stop, it is better to do that when they finished heavy building works, and when is possible to restore overground traffic. In this case metro worse, don`t improve transport in the city.

I read Russian wikipedia and found that there are a lot of neglected and abandoned tramway systems. Many cities of Russia have very wide boulevards (prospekt) and where is easy and cheap to make rapid tram or metrotram. Especialy because the most of Russia and Russian cities are on ground where is very expensive building metro. Other thing is possibility to make cheaper and easier for building overground sections of metro using trasses of railways and motorways.
Regarding the comparison metro and transport:
1) Since 1991 in Russia dramatically increased the number of residents having their own car. Consequently, increased the number of cars on the roads that leading to traffic for public ground transport.
2) Many of the passengers are going through from their residence to place of work through the city. By subway it takes few minutes, by public ground transport - about an hour.
3) For the construction of public ground transport also need money - the reconstruction of roads, demolition of buildings, etc.
4) The density and intervals of the ground public transport are much more than the Metro.
5) During the winter, traffic increases. Add to that the discomfort for the pasangers of the ground public transport. In addition, winter weather in Russia is more harder than in other world cities.
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Old July 5th, 2010, 07:51 PM   #206
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Construction of the station "Gorkovskaya" in Nizhniy Novgorod:

"Gorkovskaya" is a future station of the Nizhniy Novgorod Metro that is due open in 2012. It will be the first station on the right bank of the Oka River. The construction of this station is important purpose and for Nizhniy Novgorod Metro, and for the city in general. The historical city centre, including the Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin bears most of administrative, cultural and educational functions and is located on the high hilly right bank of the Oka, whilst the low flat left bank hosts city's most industries and some major residential districts. This station will help to connect Left-Bank and Right-Bank parts of the city. Indeed at present the necessity of the Metro on the right bank is felt, as all the three bridges that connect the land transport routes are over congested. More disturbing is the fear that the first station on the right bank — "Gorkovskaya" would, if opened, not be able to deal with the massive passenger traffic, meaning that the right bank will have to open with several stations. They planned to increase of the passanger traffic more than two times after opening of "Gorkovskaya" station.


"Gorkovskaya" will be shallow tri-vaulted station of column type. It was named for the Russian/Soviet writer Maxim Gorkiy, who was born in Nizhniy Novgorod (the city was known as Gorkiy in the Soviet times during 1932-1990). The station will located under the Maxim Gorkiy street near Maxim Gorkiy Square. The house, where Maxim Gorkiy was born, will located near this station.


Rendering of station:








The construction of station started on July 6, 2008.
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Old July 5th, 2010, 07:53 PM   #207
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Construction of the Metro bridge in Nizhniy Novgorod:

Nizhniy Novgorod Metro bridge is future two-level arch bridge, which must carrying road and subway over Oka River. It planned to opened for Metro in 2012.

The bridge was designed in 1987 together with Metro station "Gorkovskaya". The initial project of the bridge did not include the movement of auto transport at the upper deck.

Current project of the bridge:


The construction of Metro bridge began in 1992 and has suffered from the big interruptions due to lack of financing. During the infamous leadership of Boris Nemtsov, who was Governor of Nizhniy Novgorod Region in 1991-1997 (now this pseudo-liberal have greatest support from the Western mass-media as part of their anti-Russian propaganda), the construction work was stopped in 1995 due to lack of funding. From the autumn of 2000 to the end of 2002 the supports of the riverbed part of the bridge were under construction.

Spring, 2002:












After the abolition of road tax since January 1, 2003 the construction was slowed again.

Construction site, July 2003:






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Old July 5th, 2010, 07:56 PM   #208
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August, 2004:




January, 2005. Almost nothing changed:


















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Old July 5th, 2010, 07:58 PM   #209
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July, 2005:


By 2006 have been erected the supports of the riverbed part of the bridge and over the years only one span was built. In 2006 work has accelerated - there were built two steel spans of the Metro bridge during the year.

Summer, 2006:


July, 2007:






In 2008 construction of Metro bridge was started from the right-bank side.

July, 2008:






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Old July 5th, 2010, 08:04 PM   #210
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Autumn, 2008:






November 4, 2008. Connection of the right-bank and left-bank sides of Metro bridge:








The construction of tunnel from the Metro bridge to the station "Gorkovskaya" was started on December 17, 2008.
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Old July 5th, 2010, 08:05 PM   #211
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April, 2009:












June 13, 2009:


















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Old July 5th, 2010, 08:06 PM   #212
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June 21, 2009:

Photos taken by Russos:
http://russos.livejournal.com/595744.html



































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Old July 5th, 2010, 08:08 PM   #213
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September, 2009:






September 17, 2009. End of the construction of first tunnel:








September, 2009. Construction of the autoroad:
















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Old July 5th, 2010, 08:09 PM   #214
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Beginning of October, 2009:










The testing of the upper deck for the auto transport was held on October 21, 2009. The total testing weight was near 700 tonnes.
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Old July 5th, 2010, 08:10 PM   #215
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End of October, 2009:

Photos taken by from
http://lifanov-l-bpyc.livejournal.com/55514.html





















November 4, 2009. Opening of the auto section of Metro bridge:






Total lenght of the Metro bridge is 1234 meters for Metro section (lower deck) and 1344 meters for auto section (upper deck). Upper deck, 18 meters wide, carried 4 lanes of traffic.
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Old July 5th, 2010, 08:12 PM   #216
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June, 2010. End of the construction of second tunnel from Metro bridge to "Gorkovskaya" station:
















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Old July 6th, 2010, 12:00 AM   #217
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Current Russian Metro systems - work, problems and development. Summary:

1. Moscow Metro:
The main problem of Metro in the Moscow megapolis is an insufficient number of the lines and stations. Today Moscow Metro is the world's second most heavily used rapid transit system after the Tokyo's twin subway. This problem appeared in 1990s, when because of political, social and economic causes the population of Russian capital has increased dramatically due to migration, but the building of the Moscow Metro has been very slow. For example, in 1991, few month before the Soviet collapse, in Moscow were opened five new stations and Metro depot. In 1992 was opened only station "Bibirevo" (Line 9), which was mainly completed in 1991. In 1994 with great difficulty was opened station "Altufyevo" (Line 9), the construction of which was started in Soviet times. During the construction was broken technology of waterproofing. Today, large water spots on the whiteness track walls of the station is sad reminder about the "good democratic times", which were so welcomed by Western propaganda. In 1995-1999 was formed Line 10, which originally consist from 10 stations from "Chkalovskaya" to "Maryino". But construction of this line was only part of the program of city goverment for the settlement of houses in unpopular Maryino district.

However, during Vladimir Putin's presidency the situation with metro construction in Moscow has substantially improved. The city rather than the federal government is now paying for the majority of the construction, and funding has increased over the last decade. Since 2000, there were opened 21 stations in Moscow. Currently, Metro construction budget has reached a billion dollars a year. Today, continuing expansion of new lines to the Moscow outskirts (bedroom districts) for the uniform distribution of passenger volume. The main diversion from the new metro construction - the obsession with monorails, "light metros", and "mini-metros" - is now a thing of the past, and all the construction funding is spent on regular heavy metro.



The main priorities for next 5 years are:
1) Southern expansion of Line 10 with three new stations - "Borisovo", "Shipilovskaya" and "Zyablikovo". There must be built tranfer between "Zyablikovo" and station "Krasnogvardeyskaya" of Line 2. It must help to reduce the big passenger volume at the southern part of Line 2.
2) Later, there must be expansion of Line 2 with new station - "Brateevo" with Metro depot. Moreover, there planned to built ground station "Technopark" between the stations "Avtozavodskaya" and "Kolomenskaya" of Line 2.
3) Now there continues eastern expansion of Line 8 with new station - "Novokosino". After opening of this station, there will start construction of station "Zhulebino" at Line 7 - the most busiest line of Moscow Metro.
4) Western expansion of Line 3 with new station - "Pyatnitskaya" and Metro depot.
5) Northern expansion of Butovo Line of Light Metro (L1) with two new stations - "Lesoparkovaya" and "Bitsevskiy Park" with construction of transfer to the station "Novoyasenevskaya" of Line 6. It must help to reduce the big passenger volume at the southern part of Line 8 because the southern part of Line 6 is less busiest.

The priorities for distant future:
1) Northern expansion of Line 10.
2) Western expansion of Line 8 with possible transfer to the other lines.
3) Opening of the "ghost" station "Spartak" between the stations "Shchukinskaya" and "Tushinskaya" of Line 7. This station will be opened only after opening of the stadium "Spartak", which planned to be built nearby.
4) The construction of "Suvorovskaya" - 13th station of Ring Line with transfer to the newest station "Dostoevskaya" of Line 10.

Another interesting project is the construction of the Third Transfer Circuit (which often called the Big Ring Line), which should have a length 60 km and must to be built at a distance of 1-2 stations from the current Ring Line.
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Old July 6th, 2010, 12:01 AM   #218
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2. St.-Peterburg Metro:
The Metro in St.-Peterburg like in Moscow have similar problem - insufficient number of the lines and stations. In 2007 St.-Peterburg Metro became world's 12th most heavily used rapid transit system.

Like in Moscow, older stations are elegantly decorated whereas newer stations show a more functional design. Due to the geological difficulties (swamp), 57 out of 63 stations were built very deep (30-100 m). For this reason St.-Peterburg Metro is consider the one of the deepest subway systems in the world and the deepest by the average depth of all the stations. Ten stations of the St. Petersburg Metro (which were opened since 1961 till 1972) boast an interesting feature: to reduce construction costs, the passenger platform is separated from the tracks by steel doors which open simultaneously with the doors of the arriving train, but these doors did not prove so successful, so that later stations were built without them. The unofficial name for the such type of stations is "horyzontal lift". Stations of such type are exists only in St.-Peterburg Metro, although during last times the stations of similar type were opened in Tokyo, Kyoto, Osaka, Nagoya, Yokohama, Kobe, Fukuoka, Seoul, Busan, Daejeon, Daegu, Incheon, Gwangju, Dubai, Hong Kong, London, Taipei, Kaohsiung, Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Chongqing, Kuala Lumpur, Singapore, Bangkok, Copenhagen, Paris, Rennes, Toulouse, Lille, Torino, Barcelona, Seville and São Paulo.

In December, 1995 the unstable soil in fact caused the collapse of the tunnel between stations "Ploshchad Muzhestva" and "Lesnaya" of Line 1. For more than eight years, the northern segment of the line was physically cut off from the rest of the system. A new set of tunnels was built and on June 26, 2004 normal service was restored.



After a decade of decline in 1990s, the situation with Metro construction in St. Petersburg has substantially improved in recent years. The city rather than the federal government is now paying for the majority of the construction, and funding has increased over the last decade. In recent years St. Petersburg under leadership of the Governor Valentina Matvienko has become one of the developing Russian cities. It must be said that Vladimir Putin (Russian Prime Minister) and Dmitriy Medvedev (Russian president) also was born and worked in this city. Currently, Metro construction budget has reached half a billion dollars a year. The main diversion from the new Metro construction - the restoration of a collapsed segment of Kirovsko-Vyborgskaya Line (Line 1) - is now successfully completed, and all the construction funding is spent on new stations. In 2008-2009 there was formed Frunzensko-Primorskaya Line (Line 5), which consist from the former stations of Line 4 and the newest stations. The southern extension of this line is the main priority for the next few years. Projected schedule of station openings is follow:
1) 2011 - Opening of the "ghost" stations "Obvodny Kanal" ("Bypass Canal") and "Admiralteyskaya" ("Admiraltery"), the latter will be the most deepest Metro station in Russia (86 metres, the tunnel partly located at the depth 102 metres).
2) 2012 - Opening of the station "Mezhdunarodnaya" ("International station").
3) 2013 - Opening of the station "Buharestskaya" ("Bucharest") between stations "Volkovskaya" and "Mezhdunarodnaya".
4) 2015-2017 - Opening of the stations "Prospekt Slavy" ("Glory Avenue"), "Dunayskaya" ("Danube"), "Balkanskaya" ("Balkan station") with new Metro depot.

The later projects include (in no particular order):
1) Extension of Line 5 further northwest from station "Komendantskiy Prospekt".
2) Extension of Line 4 further west from station "Spasskaya".
3) New Line 6 southwest from station "Moskovskie Vorota".
4) Extension of Line 4 further south from station "Ulitsa Dybenko".

All these segments are to be completed in the next 10-15 years, however, it is too early to quote any possible opening dates.

And some videoclips from our Spanish friend Andron3 for final:

Wonderful St. Petersburg Metro


Sumptuous St. Petersburg Metro
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Old July 6th, 2010, 12:05 AM   #219
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3. Nizhniy Novgorod Metro:
Nizhniy Novgorod Metro, which was opened on November 20, 1985, increased during the own existence approximately twice. But two lines (which are temporary merged in the one line) and 13 stations is very small for the city with 1.36 million peoples. The visit card of Nizhniy Novgorod Metro is station "Moskovskaya", where are 4 ways and 2 platforms in the one hall. This station have not analogs among other stations of the former Soviet Union. "Moskovskaya" planned to operate as transfer station after separation of two lines.

Station "Moskovskaya":


Metro operates at a loss. For this reason, it's poorly illuminated - only one third of fixtures at stations are work there. The main problem is obvious even for visitors of the city: Metro in Nizhny Novgorod like "one-armed man", it runs only at the left bank and don't cross Oka, axial river of the city. Therefore, Metro don't fulfilling its main purpose - don't connected the left-bank and right-bank parts of the city.

Metro will develop and make money only when it becomes "two-armed". For this requires Metro bridge. Its construction was begun in 1992. During the infamous leadership of Boris Nemtsov, who was Governor of Nizhniy Novgorod Region in 1991-1997 (now this pseudo-liberal have greatest support from the Western mass-media as part of their anti-Russian propaganda), the construction of the bridge was suspended in 1995 due to lack of funding. Since 1993 only one Metro station - "Burevestnik" (2002) was opened in Nizhniy Novgorod. But the opening of the station was part of the election campaign of Yury Lebedev, who was Mayor of Nizhniy Novgorod since 1997. However, it didn't help him - he lost the 2002 Mayor election to Vadim Bulavinov, the current Mayor of Nizhny Novgorod.

Construction of Metro bridge was resumed in the late 2005, when Valeriy Shantsev (former Vice Mayor of Moscow) became the Governor of Nizhniy Novgorod Region. The construction of Metro bridge is already finished, in 2009 was opened its upper part for auto transport. The construction of the station "Gorkovskaya" in the historical part of the city must be finished in 2012.

The Sormovskaya line is planned to be extended to the north and towards the west after the opening of station "Gorkovskaya".

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Old July 6th, 2010, 12:06 AM   #220
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4. Novosibirsk Metro:
The problems of the Nizhny Novgorod Metro are unknown for Novosibirsk. Novosibirsk Metro was opened since 1.5 months after the opening of Metro in Nizhniy Novgorod. Now there are almost same number of stations (12 against 13) and same total lenght of Metro ways (14.3 km. against 15.5 km). However, passenger traffic in Novosibirsk is almost two times higher than in Nizhny Novgorod. The reason is that the Metro bridge across the Ob River was built in 1980-1985 during the construction of the first Metro line in Novosibirsk. Its total lenght is 2145 metres, this is a longest Metro bridge of such type in the world. Metro in Novosibirsk connect two parts of city, which are divided by the Ob River.

Novosibirsk have only Metro in Russia, where were installed TV-panels both at the all stations, and in Metro trains. In addition, the air in Novosibirsk Metro is very clean - there was installed unique system of air recirculation, developed by the Siberian scientists.

The trains in Novosibirsk are very painted from outside and inside. Here are photos of IKEA trains:






In 2010 there planned to be opened station "Zolotaya Niva" in Novoibirsk. Nevertheless, the prospects for the further development remain unclear.

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