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Old February 3rd, 2013, 04:04 PM   #2701
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THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE NEW KOZHUKHOVSKAYA LINE

Kozhukhovskaya Line is the proposed rapid transit line of the Moscow Metro to be opened in 2016 with 7 stations put into service in its initial opening. This line will be built in order to decrease passenger traffic at the extremely overloaded southeastern radius of the Line 7 (opened on December 31, 1966), at the path from "Tekstilshchiki" to "Vykhino" stations. Later Kozhukhovskaya Line will be linked with Third Interchange Contour via "Aviamotornaya" station and will be operate as chordial line.

The plans about construction of this line appeared in 1985. Owing to the disadvantages of the over-congested centre, initially on December 27, 1984 engineer Ivan Bordukov published an article in "Pravda" newspaper where he proposed a set of chordial and semi-chordial lines that would bypass the city centre and the Ring Line, or at least have some of the transfers outside the ring, which applies to the latter group. The one of proposed chordial lines has planned to be built between two cities of Moscow Region - Khimki (situated just northwest of Moscow) and Lyubertsy (situated east of Moscow). In particular, according to plans, this Khimkinsko-Lyuberetskaya chordial line should to have transfers to Metro stations "Aviamotornaya" (Line 8) and "Kuzminki" (Line 7). However, this project was never realized due to problems with funding of Metro construction in 1990s.

These plans were revived in mid-2000s due to active construction of the residental area in the microdistrict Kozhukhovo, in the Kosino-Ukhtomsky District, Eastern Administrative Okrug. Kozhukhovo was included into city boundaries in 1984. The mass construction of living houses in this area began in 2004 (mainly for recipients of social housing). The settlement of these houses began in 2005. In that years, there appeared plans for construction of another residential area at the Lubertsy Fields.

It became clear that adding of new passengers (i.e. residents of the new above-mentioned residental areas) will lead to the full overloading of the southeastern radius of the Line 7. That's why it was decided to build Lyuberetskaya chord and Metro depot "Rudnevo" in the eponymous industrial zone. However, it would take few years for construction of totally new line. For this reason, in 2009 it was proposed to extend the Line 8 from future station "Novokosino" (opened on August 30, 2012) in direction to Kozhukhovo and Rudnevo. The project of the extension of the Line 8 began to develop in 2010. However, it was rejected next year. In June 2011 was signed agreement between governments of Moscow and Moscow Region about including of the lands of the sludge beds of the Lyubertsy station of water aeration into boundaries of Moscow in order to build residential area at this place. After this, it became clear that adding new passengers to the Line 8 would not be wise, as its facilities might not handle the additional load. In 2011, after appointment of new Mayor of Moscow Sergey Sobyanin, construction of new Kozhukhovskaya Line was included into State Program of Development of the Transport System of Moscow for 2012-2016.

In order to accelerate pace of construction, this project was corrected few times in 2009-2012. It was ready in summer of 2012. In September-October 2012 there were held public hearing with local residents. In November 2012 there were started geodetic researches at the construction sites of the future Metro stations. By 2013, seven new stations (total length - 14.6 km) and Metro depot "Rudnevo" are planned to be opened. Except "Kosino", all stations will be shallow of the column type. Kozhukhovskaya Line is scheduled to be opened in the end of 2016. It will be linked with Third Interchange Contour via "Aviamotornaya" station.

There will be installed platform screen doors (made by Swiss company "Gilgen Door Systems AG") at the all stations of the Kozhukhovskaya Line (system "Gilgen" PSD full-hight").

The actual project of the new Kozhukhovskaya Line:

Wikipedia


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METRO DEPOT "RUDNEVO"

"Rudnevo" is a future Metro depot of the Kozhukhovskaya Line of the Moscow Metro. It will be located outside the Moscow Automobile Ring Road (MKAD) in the village of Rudnevo, in the Kosino-Ukhtomsky District, South-Eastern Administrative Okrug.

The station is named after village in which it will be located. Currently Rudnevo is industrial zone. In particular, there is situated Moscow incineration plant №4. City authorities have plans to rebuild this village and turn it into residential area.

The project of the construction of Metro depot "Rudnevo" is not ready yet.

December 17, 2012. The construction site of Metro depot "Rudnevo":

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Old February 3rd, 2013, 04:05 PM   #2702
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"NEKRASOVKA"

"Nekrasovka" is a future eastern terminal station of the Kozhukhovskaya Line of the Moscow Metro. It will be located on the territory of Lubertsy Fields near the intersection of the Avenue of Defenders of Moscow and Intercession Street, in the Nekrasovka District, South-Eastern Administrative Okrug.

The station is named after district in the centre of which it will be located. The settlement of Bedrino in this area was known since the end of 16th century. In 19th century Bedrino was turned into cottage settlement. In the beginning of 20th century, its territory was covered by forest. In 1900, City Council passed a resolution to start project works for the second stage of construction of sanitary sewer of Moscow. The project was ready in 1903, the construction began in 1907. For the construction of the fields of irrigation, city authorities acquired sandy lands (total area - 1786.85 hectares) near railway station "Lyubertsy". Previously these lands belonged to three merchants. The one of these merchants was tea-dealer Yegor Nekrasov. By January 1914, there was formed Lyubertsy estate with area of 1858.3 hectares. In 1915 were commissioned Lyubertsy fields of irrigation, and was founded settlement of Nekrasovka. This settlement was named after former owner. In 1963 there was built Lyubertsy station of water aeration. Since 1960s there began construction of living houses in this area. On September 12, 1991 in Moscow was established municipal okrug Zhulebino, which included territory of Moscow exclave - Nekrasovka. On March 13, 1992 in Moscow was established municipal okrug "Nekrasovka settlement" which was separated from Zhulebino. On July 5, 1995 it was granted status of the Nekrasovka District of Moscow.

Before 2011, Nekrasovka was exclave in Moscow Region. Its total area was 558.47 hectares, about 79% of which was industrial territory. On September 28, 2011 territory of the Lyubertsy Fields (area - 578.9 hectares) was incorporated into Nekrasovka District. As result, its area was increased in about two times and it got border with the Kosino-Ukhtomsky District of Moscow. The population of Nekrasovka District was 19.188 inhabitants (2010 Census). Since 2005, there is going general reconstruction of this district with demolition of old five-storey houses and construction of new multi-storey buildings. Currently there are plans to build residential area at the territory of the Lubertsy Fields. As result, the population of district will be increased in 2-3 times in near future.






The station "Nekrasovka" (project name - "Lyuberetskiye Polya" / "Lyubertsy Fields") will be built outside the Moscow Automobile Ring Road (MKAD) on the territory of the sludge beds (filtration fields) of the Lyubertsy station of water aeration which was included into city boundaries in 2011. According to original plans, this station should to be built at the intersection of the projected Helicopter-Pilots Street and Friendship Street. However, in the autumn of 2011 it was decided to build Metro station at the intersection of the Komsomol Avenue (now Avenue of Defenders of Moscow) and Intercession Street. In November 2012 there were started geodetic researches for construction of Metro station.

The architect of the station is Alexander Vigdorov (project leader). "Nekrasovka" will be shallow two-vaulted station of the column type (depth - 11 m). The columns of station will be faced with granite "Black Marinace Extra" while the floor will be paved with granite "Costa Smeralda". The ceiling will be decorated with metal profiles made ​​of stainless steel. The station will be built with two underground vestibules. The northwestern vestibule will be linked with underpass under the intersection of the Avenue of Defenders of Moscow and Intercession Street. It will have seven exits at the all sides of intersection. The southeastern vestibule will be linked with underpass under the Intercession Street. There will be built four exits from this underpass. This station is being built by "Bammetrostroy" construction company from Siberian city of Krasnoyarsk. The station is scheduled to be opened in the end of 2016.

January 4, 2013. The construction site of Metro station "Nekrasovka":

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Old February 3rd, 2013, 04:06 PM   #2703
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"KOSINO-UKHTOMSKAYA"

"Kosino-Ukhtomskaya" is a future station of the Kozhukhovskaya Line of the Moscow Metro. It will be located near the border of 3rd microdistrict Kozhukhovo, the village of Kozhukhovo and city of Lyubertsy, near the future Moscow-Noginsk motorway, in the Kosino-Ukhtomsky District, Eastern Administrative Okrug. It will be built near the Lukhmanov Street and Kraskovo Street in the Kosino-Ukhtomsky District of Moscow as well as near intersection of the 8th March Street and Gogol Street in the Lyubertsy city, Moscow Region.

The station is named after district in which it will be located. On September 12, 1991 in Moscow was established municipal okrug Kosino. On July 5, 1995 it was granted status of the Kosino-Ukhtomsky District of Moscow. The microdistrict Kosino is named after former settlement which was firstly mentioned in 1410. The microdistrict Ukhtomsky is named after Russian revolutionary and train driver Alexey Ukhtomsky (1875-1905) who was killed at the railway station "Lyubertsy" during Moscow Uprising of December 1905. The mass construction of the living houses in the microdistrict Kozhukhovo of the Kosino-Ukhtomsky District was started in 2004.

The station "Kosino-Ukhtomskaya" (project name - "Kozhukhovo") will be built outside the Moscow Automobile Ring Road (MKAD) beltway. In 2009 it was planned to extend the Line 8 from future station "Novokosino" (opened on August 30, 2012) in direction to Kozhukhovo microdistrict. New station had project name "Kozhukhovo". In December 2010 this station was renamed into "Kosino-Ukhtomskaya". It was planned to build Metro station "Kosino-Ukhtomskaya" on the Line 8, and to build transfer on the Kozhukhovskaya Line in distant future. In March 2011 was made decision to build separate Kozhukhovskaya Line instead of extension of the Line 8 in direction to microdistrict Kozhukhovo. In November 2012 there were started geodetic researches for construction of Metro station.

The architect of the station is Alexander Vigdorov (project leader). "Kosino-Ukhtomskaya" will be shallow three-vaulted station of the column type. The columns of station will be faced with decorative glazed ceramic while the floor will be paved with black and white granite. The ceiling will be decorated with metal profiles made ​​of polished steel.

Metro station "Kosino-Ukhtomskaya" will be built with two vestibules. It will have 13 exits at the both sides of the future Moscow-Noginsk motorway (Noginsk is a city in Moscow Region, located 34 kilometres east of the Moscow Automobile Ring Road). The station will be part of large transport hub and will serve to the residents of neighboring towns of Moscow Region. This station is being built by "Bammetrostroy" construction company from Siberian city of Krasnoyarsk. "Kosino-Ukhtomskaya" is scheduled to be opened in the end of 2016.

December 17, 2012. The construction site of Metro station "Kosino-Ukhtomskaya":

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Old February 3rd, 2013, 04:07 PM   #2704
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"SALTYKOVSKAYA ULITSA"

"Saltykovskaya Ulitsa" ("Saltykov Street") is a future station of the Kozhukhovskaya Line of the Moscow Metro. It will be located along the Dmitriyevsky Street, between its intersections with Saltykov Street and Tatyana Makarova Street, in the Kosino-Ukhtomsky District, Eastern Administrative Okrug.

The station is named after street near which it will be located. This street was named in May 11, 1987 in the honour of former Saltykovka settlement and railway station "Saltykovskaya". Initially territory of Saltykovka was part of the neighboring settlement of Nikolskoye. Since 16th century Nikolskoye was ownership of House of Dolgorukov, ancient princely Russian family. The development of this settlement began by Prince Yury Dolgorukov (1602-1682). In 1830 Princess Vera Dolgorukova married Prince Saltykov, and the estate of Nikolskoye was passed to the Saltykov princely family as dowry. In 1863, at the request of Prince Pyotr Saltykov, there was built railway station "Platform Nikolskoye" of the Moscow-Nizhny Novgorod Railway (built in 1858-1862) near settlement of Nikolskoye. Later this station became known as "Saltykovskaya" in the honour of Prince. After this, there began construction of the cottages near this station, and cottage settlement of Saltykovka was created. It became popular place of leisure of noble families and became known for its attractions to the artistic community. There rested or lived great Russian painter Isaac Levitan (1860-1900), Russian writer Andrey Bely (1880-1934), great Russian theatre director Vsevolod Meyerhold (1874-1940) with his wife, actress Zinaida Raikh (1894-1939) and others. In 1976 there was established Saltykovsky natural park (forest) with area of 1012 hectares, including 24 hectares at the present-day territory of Moscow. On June 10, 2003 cottage settlement Saltykovka became microdistrict of the Balashikha city in Moscow Region.

The station "Saltykovskaya Ulitsa" will be built outside the Moscow Automobile Ring Road (MKAD) beltway. According to decree of the city government on May 4, 2012, this station is scheduled to be opened in the end of 2016. In November 2012 there were started geodetic researches for construction of Metro station.

The architect of the station is Alexander Vigdorov (project leader). "Saltykovskaya Ulitsa" will be shallow two-vaulted station of the column type (depth - 18 m). The columns of station will be faced with marble "Dark Emperador (Extra)" while the floor will be paved with granite of the types "Santa Cicilia Light" and "Santa Cicilia Brown". The ceiling will be decorated with metal panels. The station will be built with two underground vestibules. The northwestern vestibule will be linked with underpass under the intersection of the Dmitriyevsky Street and Saltykov Street. There will be built four exits to the three sides of the intersection. The southeastern vestibule will be linked with underpass under the Dmitriyevsky Street. There will be built three exits at the both sides of street. This station is being built by "Bammetrostroy" construction company from Siberian city of Krasnoyarsk.

"The evening after the rain". Saltykovsky forest (1879, painter - Isaac Levitan):

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November 7, 2012. The construction site of Metro station "Saltykovskaya Ulitsa":

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Old February 3rd, 2013, 04:10 PM   #2705
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"KOSINO"

"Kosino" is a future station of the Kozhukhovskaya Line of the Moscow Metro. It will be located at the border of 1st microdistrict Kozhukhovo, between railway station "Kosino" and Lermontov Avenue, at the border of the Vykhino-Zhulebino District of South-Eastern Administrative Okrug and Kosino-Ukhtomsky District of Eastern Administrative Okrug. "Kosino" will be have transfer to the future Metro station "Lermontovsky Prospekt" (Line 7), which is scheduled to be opened in the end of 2013. There will be built Transport Terminal at the northern side of Lermontov Avenue.

The station is named after railway station "Kosino" of the Moscow-Ryazan branch of the Moscow Railway near which it will be located. The railway station "Kosino" was opened in 1894 near eponymous settlement. According to archaeological excavations, the people of Abashevo culture lived at this territory in 2nd millennium BC. The settlement of Kosino was firstly mentioned in 1410 in the testament of the Prince of Serpukhov, Vladimir the Bold (1353-1410). The main sights of this settlement are three lakes - White, Black and Holy Lakes. In 17th-19th centuries Kosino was ownership of Telepnev noble family. In 1812 this settlement was ravaged by Napoléon's Grande Armée during French occupation of Moscow. In 1814-1848 Kosino was ownership of merchant Dmitry Lukhmanov who made a great contribution to the post-war reconstruction and development of this settlement. In 1889 there was launched tape factory. In 1894 there was opened railway station, and Kosino was turned into cottage settlement. Since the end of 19th century, it became place of scientific researches - there were opened mobile zoological and biological stations. In 1985 urban-type settlement Kosino was included in the city boundaries. On September 12, 1991 in Moscow was established municipal okrug Kosino. On July 5, 1995 it was granted status of the Kosino-Ukhtomsky District of Moscow.

The station "Kosino" will be built outside the Moscow Automobile Ring Road (MKAD) beltway. According to decree of the city government on May 4, 2012, this station is scheduled to be opened in the end of 2016. Currently project works are finished.

The architect of the station is Alexander Vigdorov (project leader). "Kosino" will be deep-level three-vaulted station of the column type, the deepest of all stations of the Kozhukhovskaya Line (depth - 27 m). The columns of station will be faced with marble "Gianina" while the floor will be paved with granite of the types "Giallo Ornamentale", "Giallo Guidoni Extra" and "Arctic White". The ceiling will be decorated with metal system. The station will be built with two underground vestibules. The northern vestibule will be linked with underpass under the Moscow-Ryazan branch of the Moscow Railway. It will have four exits, including two to the platforms of the railway station "Kosino" and one to the intersection of the Leninogorsk Street and Cascade Street. The southern vestibule will be linked with western vestibule of the future Metro station "Lermontovsky Prospekt" ("Lermontov Avenue"; Line 7), which planned to be opened in the end of 2013. This station will be built by "Bammetrostroy" construction company from Siberian city of Krasnoyarsk.

December 17, 2012. The construction site of Metro station "Kosino":

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"FERGANSKAYA ULITSA"

"Ferganskaya Ulitsa" ("Fergana Street") is a future station of the Kozhukhovskaya Line of the Moscow Metro. It will be located near the intersection of the Tashkent Street and Fergana Street, in the Vykhino-Zhulebino District, South-Eastern Administrative Okrug.

The station is named after Fergana Street near which it will be located. This 2.4-km long street was named on September 3, 1968 in the honour of Fergana Valley, region in Central Asia spread across eastern Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. Divided into three subdivisions of the former Soviet Union, the valley is ethnically diverse, and in the early 21st century was the scene of ethnic conflict. A large triangular valley in what is an often dry part of Central Asia, the Fergana owes its fertility to two rivers, the Naryn and the Kara Darya, which run from the east, joining near Namangan city, forming the Syr Darya River. The valley's history stretches back over 2300 years, when its population was conquered by Greco-Bactrian invaders from the west. Chinese chroniclers date its towns to more than 2100 years ago, as a path between Greek, Chinese, Bactrian and Parthian civilizations. In the path of the Northern Silk Road, the area was converted by Muslim invaders from the west, and was home to Babur (1483-1530), famous conqueror and founder of the Mughal Empire in India, tying the region to modern Afghanistan and South Asia. The Russian Empire conquered the valley at the end of the 19th century, and it became part of the Soviet Union from the beginning of the 20th. Its three soviet regional states gained independence in 1991. The area remains Muslim, populated by ethnically Uzbek, Tajiks, and Kyrgyz, often intermixed and not matching modern borders. As well there historically have been substantial Russian, Kashgarians, Kipchaks, Bukharan Jews and Romani minorities. Mass cotton cultivation, introduced by the Soviets, remains central to the economy, along with a wide range of grains, fruits and vegetables. There is a long history of stock breeding, leatherwork, and a growing mining sector, including deposits of coal, iron, sulfur, gypsum, rock-salt, lacustrine salt, naphtha, and some small known oil reserves.

This station appeared in the plans of the Moscow Metro extension in the autumn of 2011. Previously there were no any plans to construct Metro station at this place. According to decree of the city government on May 4, 2012, this station is scheduled to be opened in the end of 2016. In November 2012 there were started geodetic researches for construction of Metro station.

The architect of the station is Alexander Vigdorov (project leader). "Ferganskaya Ulitsa" will be shallow three-vaulted station of the column type. The columns of station will be faced with metal while the floor will be paved with granite "Giallo Ornamentale". The ceiling will be decorated with metal system. The platform of station will be built along the Fergana Street. The station will be built with two underground vestibules. The western vestibule will be linked with underpass under the intersection of the Tashkent Street and Fergana Street. There will be built four exits to the three sides of the intersection. The eastern vestibule will be have two exits near Children's Art School named after Mily Balakirev at the Fergana Street.

January 17, 2013. The construction site of Metro station "Ferganskaya Ulitsa":

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Old February 3rd, 2013, 04:12 PM   #2706
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"OKSKAYA ULITSA"

"Okskaya Ulitsa" ("Oka Street") is a future station of the Kozhukhovskaya Line of the Moscow Metro. It will be located near the confluence of the Ryazan Avenue and Oka Street, in the Ryazansky District, South-Eastern Administrative Okrug.

The station is named after Oka Street near which it will be located. This 2.4-km long street was named on May 20, 1964 in the honour of Oka River (due to location of this street in the south-eastern part of Moscow). Oka is a river in central Russia, the largest right tributary of the Volga River. It flows through the regions of Oryol, Tula, Kaluga, Moscow, Ryazan, Vladimir, and Nizhny Novgorod and is navigable over a large part of its total length, as far upstream as to the town of Kaluga. Its length exceeds 1500 kilometres. The Russian capital Moscow sits on one of the Oka's tributaries - the Mocow-River.

The Russian-born German linguist Max Vasmer (1886-1962) connects the name of the river to the Gothic "аƕа", Old High German "aha", Latin "aqua", which all mean either "water" or "river". Russian philologist Oleg Trubachev (1930-2002) traces the origin of the name to the Baltic languages: it was the Baltic tribe of Galindians that lived in the western part of the Oka basin prior to the arrival of the Slavs. Historically, the river gave its name to the Upper Oka Principalities, situated upstream from Tarusa town. One of the largest Russian cities, Nizhny Novgorod, was founded to protect the Oka's confluence with the Volga River. The Qasim Khanate, a Muslim polity, occupied the middle reaches of the Oka (around the town of Kasimov) in the 15th and 16th centuries. Before the construction of the railways in the mid-19th century, and the Moscow Canal in 1932-1937, the Oka, along with its tributary Moscow-River, was an important transportation route connecting Moscow with the Volga River. Due to the Oka's and Moscow-River's meandering course, the travel was not particularly fast: for example, it took Dutch traveler Cornelis de Bruijn (1652-1727) around 10 days to sail from Moscow down these two rivers to Nizhny Novgorod in 1703. Traveling upstream may have been even slower, as the boats had to be pulled by burlaks. The banks of Oka River are dotted with historical and cultural sites, including the medieval monasteries of Murom, the mosques and minarets of Kasimov, the fortified kremlins of Kolomna and Serpukhov, the memorial houses of great Russian painter Vasily Polenov (1844-1927) and great Russian poet Sergey Yesenin (1895-1925), the excavated ruins of Old Ryazan, and the Oka Shukhov Tower (built in 1927-1929). The Prioksko-Terrasny Biosphere Reserve lies along the left bank of the river opposite the town of Pushchino and is known for its wisent breeding nursery.

Before 2011 there were no any plans to construct Metro station at this place. In the autumn of 2011 it was planned to build Metro station with project name "Ulitsa Akademika Skryabina" ("Academician Scriabin Street") at the intersection of the Academician Scriabin Street and Fergana Street. But later this project was corrected, and was decided to build Metro station near the confluence of the Ryazan Avenue and Oka Street. According to decree of the city government on May 4, 2012, this station is scheduled to be opened in the end of 2016. In November 2012 there were started geodetic researches for construction of Metro station. In December 2012 there began pile-drilling works.

The architect of the station is Alexander Vigdorov (project leader). "Okskaya Ulitsa" will be shallow three-vaulted station of the column type. The columns of station will be faced with marble "Bella Beige" while the floor will be paved with granite of types "Bianco Romano Extra" and "Giallo Guidoni Extra". The ceiling will be decorated with metal system. The station will be built with two underground vestibules. There will be built eight exits which will lead to the Ryazan Avenue, Oka Street, Papernik Street, 3rd Institute Street and 1st Novokuzminskaya Street.

December 5, 2012. The construction site of Metro station "Okskaya Ulitsa":

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"NIZHNEGORODSKAYA ULITSA"

"Nizhegorodskaya Ulitsa" ("Nizhny Novgorod Street") is a future station of the Kozhukhovskaya Line of the Moscow Metro. It will be located near the Nizhny Novgorod Street, not so far from Moscow Little Ring Railway and railway station "Karacharovo" of the Gorky direction of the Moscow Railway, in the Nizhegorodsky District, South-Eastern Administrative Okrug. The station will consist of two halls and will provide cross-platform interchange on the Third Interchange Contour.

The station is named after 3.5-km long Nizhny Novgorod Street near which it will be located. In the end of 17th century, together with Taganskaya Street, it was part of Gzhel Road. Later it was known as Intercession Street due to location near Intercession Outpost Square (now Abelman Outpost Square). Later this street became part of Ryazan Highway. In 1922 part of the former Ryazan Highway was turned into Nizhny Novgorod Street. This street was named after old Nizhny Novgorod Rail Terminal (operated in 1861-1896), which was turned into cargo station of the Nizhny Novgorod direction (now Gorky direction) of the Moscow Railway. In 1950s-1970s Nizhny Novgorod Street was area of mass construction of living houses. Nizhny Novgorod, colloquially shortened to Nizhny, is the fifth largest city in Russia (population: 1.254 mln. inhabitants) and the administrative center of Nizhny Novgorod Region. From 1932 to 1990, it was known as Gorky, after the great Russian writer Maxim Gorky (1868-1936) who was born there. The city is an important economic, transportation, and cultural center of Russia and the vast Volga-Vyatka economic region.

According to decree of the city government on May 4, 2012, this station is scheduled to be opened in the end of 2016. The construction of this station is not started yet.

Also, there were plans to build Metro station "Stakhanovskaya" ("Alexey Stakhanov") at the intersection of the Ryazan Avenue and Stakhanov Street, between future Metro stations "Okskaya Ulitsa" and "Nizhegorodskaya Ulitsa", in the Ryazansky District, South-Eastern Administrative Okrug. The plans for construction of this station appeared in the autumn of 2011. But in August 2012, it was decided to refuse from construction of Metro station "Stakhanovskaya" in order to accelerate pace of construction of the Kozhukhovskaya Line.

The architect of the station is Alexander Vigdorov (project leader). "Nizhegorodskaya Ulitsa" will be shallow three-vaulted station of the column type. The station will consist of two halls with cross-platform interchange. The columns of one hall will be faced with marble of types "Calacatta Gold" and "Empire Gold" while the floor will be paved with granite of types "Bianco Romano" and "Cafe Imperial". The ceiling will be decorated with mosaic. It will have two combined underground vestibules. The northwestern vestibule will have exits to the future railway station "Ryazanskaya" of the Moscow Little Ring Railway and railway station "Karacharovo" of the Gorky direction of the Moscow Railway (this station will be moved west from its current location). The southeastern vestibule will be linked with underpass under the Ryazan Avenue.

September 21, 2012. The place of location of the future exits from station:

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The project of two station halls:

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Old February 3rd, 2013, 04:12 PM   #2707
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THE SOUTH-WESTERN EXTENSION OF THE LINE 1

After the opening of the segment between Metro stations "Yugo-Zapadnaya" and "Rumyantsevo" with intermediate "Troparyovo" station in 2014, city authorities have plans to extend Line 1 to the village of Salaryevo.

"SALARYEVO"

"Salaryevo" is a future southwestern terminal station of the Line 1 of the Moscow Metro. It will be located outside the Moscow Automobile Ring Road (MKAD), between Kiev Highway and Kaluga Highway, near village of Salaryevo, in the Moskovsky Settlement, Novomoskovsky Administrative Okrug. After "Rumyantsevo", it will be second Metro station which will be built at the territory of so-called "New Moscow" - the large territory, which was included into city boundaries on July 1, 2012. As result, total area of Moscow was increased about in 2.4 times.

The station is named after village of Salaryevo in which it will be located. This village borders with village of Rumyantsevo in the north and with village of Dudkino in the east. The village of Salaryevo is known since the mid-16th century. It became ownership of the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius in 1570. The population of village died during Time of Troubles (1598-1613). However, it was populated by monastery after this. Like many other villages, Salaryevo was ravaged during French occupation of Moscow in 1812. The population of village was 629 inhabitants in 1917. In early-1930s, there was established collective farm "The struggle for the commune". Since 1960s, there was formed landfill of the construction and industrial wastes near Salaryevo. Currently it's largest landfill in Europe (area - 59 hectares, height - 70 m). Recently, it was ennobled after flattening slopes and seeding grass. There are six streets in this village. Prior to July 1, 2012, Salaryevo was part of the Leninsky District in Moscow Region. The population of village was 187 inhabitants in 2006. The major part of Leninsky District was merged into the federal city of Moscow on July 1, 2012.

The plans for construction of Metro station in Salaryevo appeared in the summer of 2012. According to decree of the city government on May 4, 2012, Line 1 was planned to be extended in the highly-populated Solntsevo District. But in September 2012, instead of the former plans for construction of Solntsevo Light Metro Line from existing terminus of the Line 1 or south-western extension of the Line 1 to the Solntsevo District, city authorities decided to extend Line 1 to the southwest in direction to the low-populated village of Salaryevo. It was finally decided that adding of Solntsevo's passengers to the Line 1 would not be wise, as oldest Moscow Metro line might not handle the additional passenger traffic. According to the new plans, in 2014 the Line 1 will be extended to the southwest with two new stations - "Troparyovo" and "Rumyantsevo". This extension should to solve problem with overcrowding of the "Yugo-Zapadnaya" station, the southwestern terminus of this line. It's planned that as result of the extension, the passenger traffic will be redistributed at the southern radius of the Line 1. Some later, in the village of Salaryevo will be opened eponymous Metro station and Metro depot.

Currently the detailed project of this station is not ready yet. Together with "Rumyantsevo", "Salaryevo" should to serve the residents of "New Moscow". There will be built transport hub in this area.

METRO DEPOT "SALARYEVO"

Also, there are plans to build Metro depot near this station, because two Metro depots that currently serves Line 1 ("Severnoye" №1 and "Cherkizovo" №13) located at the northeastern part of Moscow and don't have big capacity.

Currently the detailed project of this depot is not ready yet.


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Old February 3rd, 2013, 04:13 PM   #2708
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THE SOUTHWESTERN EXTENSION OF THE SOLNTSEVSKY RADIUS

After the opening of the segments "Delovoy Tsentr"-"Park Pobedy" (2013) and "Park Pobedy"-"Ramenki" (2015), Solntsevsky Radius will be extended next, in direction to the highly-populated districts of Moscow - Solntsevo (116.149 thousand inhabitants) and Novo-Peredelkino (115.536 thousand inhabitants). This extension is very expected by the residents of these districts, because currently it takes long time to reach central part of Moscow.

The distance between planned Metro stations "Ramenki" and "Novo-Peredelkino" is 11.42 km.


"MICHURINSKY PROSPEKT"

"Michurinsky Prospekt" ("Michurin Avenue") is a future station of the planned Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya Line 8 of the Moscow Metro. It will be located near intersection of the Michurin Avenue and Lobachevsky Street, in the Ramenki District, Western Administrative Okrug.

The station is named after the Michurin Avenue, near which it will be located. This 6.7-km long avenue was formed in 1956 as result of urban planning of the south-western part of Moscow in late-1940s. According to the General Plan of the Reconstruction of Moscow of 1935, there was planned to be built large magistral road "Western Ray" from planned Palace of Soviets to the southwestern outskirt of Moscow. After Soviet Victory in the Second World War, this plan was partially realized - there was built magistral road at the path from Sparrow Hills to the southwestern border of city. On January 13, 1947 Council of Ministers of the USSR issued decree about construction of the eight skyscrapers in order to commemorate 800th anniversary of Moscow (one of which was never built). This plan included construction of the gigantic main building and other corps of the Lomonosov Moscow State University in the south-western part of Moscow simultaneously with general development of the adjacent territory. For this reason, many avenues and streets in this area were named after famous Russian and foreign scientists (for example, Lomonosov Avenue, Vernadsky Avenue, Academician Anokhin Street, Academician Khokhlov Street, Lebedev Street, Lobachevsky Street, Mendeleev Street, Nicolaus Copernicus Street, Stoletov Street, Vavilov Street, etc). The above-mentioned southwestern magistral road was built from Botanical Garden of the Lomonosov Moscow University. That's why on March 30, 1956 this magistral was named Michurin Avenue in the honour of great Russian biologist Ivan Michurin. In 1983-1993 southern part of this avenue was known as Pelše Street in the honour of Soviet-Latvian politician, functionary, and historian Arvīds Pelše (1899-1983).

Ivan Michurin (1855-1935) was a Russian practitioner of selection, Honorable Member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences, and academician of the Lenin All-Union Academy of Agriculture. In 1875, Michurin leased a strip of land of about 500 square metres not far from Tambov city, began collecting plants, and started his research in pomology and selection. In 1899, he acquired a much bigger strip of land of about 130.000 square metres and moved all of his plants there. Michurin made a major contribution in the development of genetics, especially in the field of pomology. In his cytogenetic laboratory, he researched cell structure and experimented with artificial polyploidy. Michurin studied the aspects of heredity in connection with the natural course of ontogenesis and external influence, creating a whole new concept of predominance. He proved that predominance depends on heredity, ontogenesis, and phylogenesis of the initial cell structure and also on individual features of hybrids and conditions of cultivation. In his works, Michurin assumed a possibility of changing genotype under external influence. Michurin was one of the founding fathers of scientific agricultural selection. He worked on hybridization of plants of similar and different origins, cultivating methods in connection with the natural course of ontogenesis, directing the process of predominance, evaluation and selection of seedlings, acceleration of process of selection with the help of physical and chemical factors. Michurin’s method of crossing of geographically distant plants would be widely used by other selectionists. He worked out theoretical basis and some practical means for hybridization of geographically distant plants. Michurin also proposed means for overcoming the genetic barrier of incompatibility during the process of hybridization, such as polliation of the young hybrids during their first florescence, preliminary vegetative crossing, use of a "mediator", pollination with the mix of different kinds of pollen etc. The Soviets began to cultivate Michurin's hybrids of apple, pear, cherry, rowan and others. Michurin was the one to start cultivation of his hybrids of grape, apricot, sweet cherry and other southern plants in the northern climates. Throughout all his life Michurin worked to create new sorts of fruit plants. He introduced over 300 new varieties. He was awarded the Order of Lenin and Order of the Red Banner of Labour for his achievements. The town of Michurinsk, Tambov Region is named in his honor. The following phrase of Michurin's was widely popularized in the Soviet Union: "We cannot wait for favors from Nature. To take them from it – that is our task". For this reason, in the Soviet Union he was portrayed as the only true follower of Darwinism.

The projecting of this station is going since 1965. At those times, there were plans to build Kievsky Radius of the Line 4 from Metro station "Kievskaya" ("Kiev"; opened on April 5, 1953) to the settlement of Ochakovo and later to Solntsevo - this project became basis for current project of the Solntsevsky Radius. Currently detailed project of this station is not ready yet.

"Michurinsky Prospekt" will be shallow two-vaulted station of the column type. The platform of station will be situated along the Michurin Avenue. Its columns will be decorated with images of fruits in order to commemorate Michurin's works on selective breeding and cultivation of the new hybrids of fruit plants. There are planned to build two underground vestibules which will be linked with underpasses under the Michurin Avenue. The exits from northern vestibule will be located at the both sides of avenue. The southern vestibule will be situated under the intersection of the Michurin Avenue and Lobachevsky Street.


Link

"OCHAKOVO"

"Ochakovo" (project name - "Ozyornaya Ploshchad" / "Lake Square") is a future station of the planned Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya Line 8 of the Moscow Metro. "Ochakovo" will be located along Michurin Avenue near its intersections with Nikulinskaya Street and projected driveway #1980, in the Ochakovo-Matveyevskoye District, Western Administrative Okrug. It will be situated near railway station "Ochakovo" of the Kievskoye direction of the Moscow-Smolensk branch of the Moscow Railway.

The station is named after district in which it will be located. The first reference to village of Ochakovo (which was marked as Achakovo at ancient maps) dates from 1623. Initially Ochakovo was ownership of nobleman Afanasy Lobanov. Since mid-18th century it belonged to Opochinin noble family. In 1717 there was built wooden Church of the Icon "Praise of the Theotokos". In 1757-1759 Privy Councillor Mikhail Opochinin (1699-1764) built Church of St. Dimitry of Rostov in Ochakovo. In 1781 his heirs sold Ochakovo to Yelizaveta Kheraskova, the wife of the famous poet and writer Mikhail Kheraskov (1733-1807). Kheraskov and his cousin established park, garden and pond in Ochakovo. As result, the settlement became popular place for leisure of the many peoples of art. In 1809, after death of Kheraskov and his wife, Ochakovo became ownership of Naryshkin noble family. During Patriotic War of 1812, on the eve of Battle of Borodino, Ochakovo was place of location of Russian Army's Staff under leadership of Field Marshal Mikhail Kutuzov (1745-1813). The settlement was destroyed during French occupation of Moscow, but after the war it was restored by Senator Pyotr Naryshkin (1764-1825). In the end of 19th century, as result construction of the railway in this area, Ochakovo became popular cottage settlement. There was launched brickworks near railway station "Ochakovo". During early Soviet years, in Ochakovo was established state-owned farm. Since 1947, near Ochakovo was built industrial settlement for the workers of brickworks. On August 17, 1960 Ochakovo was included into boundaries of Moscow. In 1970 there began mass construction of living houses with demolition of the former settlements. The last farmhouse was demolished in 1990. On September 12, 1991 was established municipal okrug Ochakovo of the Western Administrative Okrug. On July 5, 1995 Ochakovo granted status of the district of Moscow. On July 22, 1997 it was merged with district of Matveyevskoye into one Ochakovo-Matveyevskoye District. In July 2012 there was finished construction of the microdistrict "Muchurino" at the former territory of Ochakovo brickworks.

The projecting of this station is going since 1965. At those times, there were plans to build Kievsky Radius of the Line 4 from Metro station "Kievskaya" ("Kiev"; opened on April 5, 1953) to the settlement of Ochakovo and later to Solntsevo - this project became basis for current project of the Solntsevsky Radius. Currently detailed project of this station is not ready yet.

"Ochakovo" will be shallow two-vaulted station of the column type. The platform of station will be situated along the Michurin Avenue. Its columns will be decorated with images of ponds which remained from old settlement of Ochakovo. There are planned to build two underground vestibules which will be linked with underpasses under the Michurin Avenue. Also, there are plans to build transport terminal on the Lake Square near Metro station.


Link

"TERYOSHKOVO"

"Teryoshkovo" is a future station of the planned Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya Line 8 of the Moscow Metro. It will be located along the Borovsk Highway, near its intersections with the Glavmosstroy Street, 50 Years of October's Street and projected driveway #6475, in the Solntsevo District, Western Administrative Okrug.

The station is named after former village at the territory of which it will be located. The village of Teryoshkovo was known since 17th century. By January 1, 1983 its population was 418 inhabitants. On May 10, 1984 Teryoshkovo and neighboring settlements was included into boundaries of Moscow (Solntsevsky District). The village existed till summer of 2003. At its place, were built trade store "Sunny Paradise" (2003-2004), reconstructed Borovsk Highway (2004-2006) and gas turbine power station "Teryoshkovo" (2005-2011).

The station "Teryoshkovo" will be built outside the Moscow Automobile Ring Road (MKAD) beltway. In early-2000s, there were plans to build Metro station "Teryoshkovo" as one of seven stations of the planned Solntsevo Light Metro line, but this project was cancelled. Currently detailed project of this station is not ready yet.

"Teryoshkovo" will be shallow station. The platform of station will be situated along the Borovsk Highway. There are planned to build two underground vestibules which will be linked with underpasses under the highway.

"SOLNTSEVO"

"Solntsevo" is a future station of the planned Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya Line 8 of the Moscow Metro. It will be located along the Borovsk Highway, near its intersections with the Poputnaya Street and projected driveway #71, in the Solntsevo District, Western Administrative Okrug.

The station is named after district in which it will be located. Solntsevo is a district in Western Administrative Okrug of Moscow. In 17th century there was village of Sukovo at this place (ownership of Trubetskoy gentry family). In the end of 18th century Russian Empress Catherine the Great granted neighboring lands to Orlov and Rumyantsev. Later these settlement became state ownership, but preserved names of former owners - Orlovo and Rumyantsevo. In 19th century there was built Bryansk Railway, and was opened railway station "Sukovo". As result, in beginning of 20th century settlement of Sukovo and neighboring area became popular place for summer leisure. In 1937, due to General Reconstruction of Moscow, near Sukovo was built residential area for resettlement of Moscow workers. By 1938, there lived about 2500 inhabitans. Solntsevo was established on September 26, 1938 as a settlement near Sukovo and was named after the Russian word for Sun ("solntse"). In post-WWII years there began mass construction of living houses in the Solntsevo settlement. On February 23, 1971 Solntsevo became separate town in Moscow Region. In 1976 Solntsevo was recognized best town in Moscow Region. Its population continued to grow, and on May 10, 1984 Solntsevo and neighboring settlements (including Orlovo, Sukovo and Teryoshkovo) were included into Moscow boundaries. The number of inhabitants of the Solntsevsky District increased from 91 thousand people in 1984 to 160 thousand people in 1990. On September 12, 1991 the territory of Solntsevsky District became part of the Western Administrative Okrug of Moscow, and was divided into three municipal okrugs: Solntsevo, Novo-Peredelkino and Vnukovo. These three municipal okrugs got status of the districts of Moscow on July 5, 1995. The organized crime group "Solntsevskaya Bratva" ("Solntsevskaya gang") based its name upon Solntsevo District. The population of Solntsevo District is 116.149 thousand inhabitants (2010 Census).

The plans for construction of Metro station in Solntsevo District exists almost during 50 years. Historically, most of the today's Western Administrative Okrug became part of Moscow only in 1960, while the district of Solntsevo, which is located beyond Moscow Automobile Ring Road (MKAD) was added in 1984 and redeveloped as a typical bedroom raion (residential district). The Moscow Metro since the completion of the Frunzesnky and Filyovsky radii in the mid-1960s, left a vast region which has called for an additional metro radius since the 1971 general plan of Moscow. The original plan proposed to utilise the Line 3 by turning from its western terminus at "Kievskaya" to the southwest and continuing along the Michurin Avenue all the way into Solntsevo. However this plan was never realised, partly because the Moscow Metro was required in other districts, partly because the Filyovskaya Line 4's construction was such that prevented a high-speed operation due to the vast amount of surface sections. In 1984 Solntsevo became part of Moscow, and the adjacent districts within MKAD were becoming over-loading the existing service. After this, Moscow's Urban Rapid-Transit planning body - "Metrogiprotrans" suggested a set of four chordial lines that would appear as standard radii but instead of passing through Ring Line would pass instead outside the city centre. Not only would this relieve main congestion zones by offering passengers a second transfer contour, the project also solved one of Moscow's most oldest pending plans the second ring, as the chords would naturally form one, and a ring service could be organised. For Solntsevo was placed at the end of a Solntsevo-Mytishchinskaya Line, which would begin in the adjacent to Moscow city of Mytishchi in the northeast. The chord was planned to be the second order after the Stroginsko-Biryulyovskaya one was to be opened in the mid-1990s. However the Soviet Union collapsed before any of those projects could be realised.

As an alternative in the late-1990s "Metrogiprotrans" proposed a set of Light Metro lines to districts located beyond MKAD. Although the novelty of the idea was initially welcomed soon the designs drawbacks became all the more apparent, and one by one other Light Metro projects: Kosino, and Zhulebino were cancelled in favour of a conventional one station extension beyond MKAD. The Solntsevo Light Metro Line however, was to be the second Light Metro to be launched after the Butovskaya Light Metro Line, continued to be drawn on most Moscow Metro maps. The light Metro line was to begin at the existing terminus of the Line 1, "Yugo-Zapadnaya" ("South-Western"), where an underground station transfer would be organised. It would then turn northwest until reaching the Michurin Avenue and then follow it into Solntsevo in total containing seven stations: "Nikulinskaya", "Olimpiyskaya Derevnya" ("Olympic Village"), "Vostryakovo", "Teryoshkovo", "Solntsevo", "Borovskoye Shosse" ("Borovsk Highway") and "Novoperedelkino", with a planned extension to Vnukovo Airport afterwards. Initially it was planned for construction to begin in 2004, but the rising problems of the Butovskaya Light Metro Line made Moscow planners rethink the idea, and in 2005 the plan was remodelled and two stations "Nikulinskaya" and "Vostryakovo" were removed from the project, but the start of construction was continuously put off 2009 in 2006, 2012 in 2007 and in 2008 the project was cancelled altogether. By the mid-2000s Moscow Metro was faced with two realities, the first was that financial situation has drastically improved, many of the long standing projects could now be completed. The second one was the drastic rise in passenger traffic, meant that the existing radii (where most of the congestion takes place) would already be filled to the brink, and adding Solntsevo's passengers to the Line 1 would not be wise, as its central facilities are the oldest in the system and might not handle the additional load. So in 2008 Moscow Metro published a new revised general plan which effectively returned most of the 1980s chordial projects. The new Solnstevskaya Line would begin at "Park Pobedy" ("Victory Park"), which was initially envisioned as a future transfer between the Mitinsko-Biryulyovskaya and the same Solntsevsko-Mytishcinskaya chords, and then continue south with four stations: "Lomonosovsky Prospekt" ("Lomonosov Avenue"), "Ramenki", "Michurinsky Prospekt" ("Michurin Avenue") and "Ochakovo". Afterwards it is likely to have two or three stations in Solntsevo itself.

The station "Solntsevo" will be built outside the Moscow Automobile Ring Road (MKAD) beltway. Currently detailed project of this station is not ready yet.

"Solntsevo" will be shallow station. The platform of station will be situated along the Borovsk Highway. There are planned to build two underground vestibules which will be linked with underpasses under the highway.

Solntsevo District:

Link

METRO DEPOT "SOLNTSEVO"

"Solntsevo" is a future Metro depot of the Solntsevsky Radius of the planned Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya Line 8 of the Moscow Metro. It will be located outside the Moscow Automobile Ring Road (MKAD) near future Metro station "Solntsevo", in the Solntsevo District, Western Administrative Okrug. This Metro depot will be serve future Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya Line 8.

The plans to build Metro depot in Solntsevo District appeared in 2003, when was proposed to build Solntsevo Light Metro line. Initially it was planned to launch Solntsevo Light Metro line and Metro depot in December 2005. In the summer of 2004 there was prepared construction site of the future Metro depot. But later perspectives for construction of Solntsevo Light Metro line became more ephemeral, and the actual construction of Metro depot was not been started. In 2008 the project of the construction of the Solntsevo Light Metro line has been cancelled in favour of the heavy-rail Metro line. The works were renewed in the summer of 2009. The sluggish works at the construction site continued in 2010. There were no active works in 2011 and 2012.

June 10, 2012. The construction site of Metro depot "Solntsevo":

Kaiser Ferdinand


Kaiser Ferdinand


Kaiser Ferdinand


Kaiser Ferdinand


Kaiser Ferdinand

"BOROVSKOYE SHOSSE"

"Borovskoye Shosse" ("Borovsk Highway") is a future station of the planned Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya Line 8 of the Moscow Metro. It will be located near the intersections of the Borovsk Highway and Prirechnaya Street, in the Novo-Peredelkino District, Western Administrative Okrug.

The station is named after Borovsk Highway near which it will be located. Borovsk Highway is a 26-km long highway in Moscow and Moscow Region. The road from Moscow to the ancient town Borovsk (founded in 1358) in Kaluga Region is known since 14th century. The town of Borovsk located on the Protva River just south from the border of Kaluga Region with Moscow Region. In 1444, the St. Paphnutius Monastery was founded near Borovsk. Its strong walls, towers, and a massive cathedral survive from the reign of Boris Godunov (1551-1605). Two famous Old Believers, archpriest Avvakum Petrovich (1620-1682), and noblewoman Feodosiya Morozova (1632-1675), were incarcerated at this monastery in the second half of the 17th century. During Patriotic War of 1812, Borovsk and St. Paphnutius Monastery were burned and ravaged by Napoléon's Grande Armée. In 1857 Borovsk was seriously damaged by fire. In the end of 19th century Borovsk Road was been reconstructed and partially turned into highway. In 1949 Borovsk Highway became key magistral road lead to the Main Building of Moscow State University. In 1950s there began mass construction of the living houses in the southwestern part of Moscow around Borovsk Highway. Later, at the parts of Borovsk Highway were build Lomonosov Avenue and alley of the 50 Years of October's Park. Some segments of Borovsk Highway were closed and eliminated in 1973 and 1984. In 1988 there were reconstructed and enlarged segments of the Borovsk Highway in Solntsevo and Novo-Peredelkino. In 2006 there was built new route of Borovsk Highway around villages of Rasskazovka and Likova.

The station "Borovskoye Shosse" will be built outside the Moscow Automobile Ring Road (MKAD) beltway. In early-2000s, there were plans to build Metro station "Borovskoye Shosse" as one of seven stations of the planned Solntsevo Light Metro line, but this project was cancelled. Currently detailed project of this station is not ready yet.

"Borovskoye Shosse" will be shallow station. The platform of station will be located near the Borovsk Highway. There are planned to build two underground vestibules, one of which will be linked with underpass under the highway.

The place of location of the future exits from station:

ТКЛ

"NOVO-PEREDELKINO"

"Novo-Peredelkino" is a future western terminal station of the planned Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya Line 8 of the Moscow Metro. It will be located along the Borovsk Highway, near its intersection with the Sholokhov Street, in the Novo-Peredelkino District, Western Administrative Okrug.

The station is named after district in which it will be located. Novo-Peredelkino is a district in Western Administrative Okrug of Moscow. This district is located 30 km from the center of Moscow outside the Moscow Automobile Ring Road (MKAD) near the writers' complex of Peredelkino in the Novomoskovsky Administrative Okrug. Peredelkino is a cottage complex situated just to the southwest of the centre of Moscow. The settlement originated as the estate of Peredeltsy, owned by the Leontievs (maternal relatives of Peter the Great), then by Princes Dolgorukov and by the Samarins. After a railway passed through the village in 1899, it was renamed Peredelkino. In 1934, great Russian writer Maxim Gorky (1868-1936) suggested handing over the area to the Union of Soviet Writers. Within several years, about fifty wooden cottages were constructed in Peredelkino by writers to German designs. Among the littérateurs who settled in Peredelkino were Nobel Prize Laureat Boris Pasternak (1890-1960), Korney Chukovsky (1882-1969), Arseny Tarkovsky (1907-1989) - all three buried at the local cemetery, Ilya Ehrenburg (1891-1967), Veniamin Kaverin (1902-1989), Leonid Leonov (1899-1994), Ilya Ilf (1897-1937), Vsevolod Ivanov (1895-1963), Nikolay Zabolotsky (1903-1958), Boris Pilnyak (1894-1938), Lilya Brik (1891-1978), Konstantin Simonov (1915-1979), Alexander Fadeyev (1901-1956), and Mikhail Bakhtin (1895-1975). Turkish poet Nâzım Hikmet (1902-1963) spent the early years of his self-imposed exile in the USSR at Peredelkino. More later, Yevgeny Yevtushenko (b. 1933), Andrey Voznesensky (1933-2010), Bella Akhmadulina (1937-2010), Robert Rozhdestvensky (1932-1994), and Zurab Tsereteli (b. 1934) moved into the area as well. Peredelkino is presumably the source for the name of Mikhail Bulgakov's Perelygino. But, Bulgakov places his Perelygino on the Klyazma, Bolshevo, which is where another writers' colony was. The village is also featured in John le Carré's spy novel "The Russia House" (1989). In 1988, the cottages of Korney Chukovsky and Boris Pasternak were proclaimed memorial houses, while the area of Peredelkino was designated a "historical and cultural reservation". A decade later, the cottage of Bulat Okudzhava (1924-1997) was also opened to the public as a museum. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Peredelkino was taken over by the Russian new rich. Many new apartment buildings were constructed in Novo-Peredelkino district nearby. As of 2005, the most notable resident of Peredelkino was Alexy II, Patriarch of Moscow and all Russia. The summer residence of Lukino (originally built in the Russian Revival style for Baron de Bodé) adjoins the 19th-century church of the Transfiguration of the Saviour. Alexy II died there on December 5, 2008.

The territory of Novo-Peredelkino District is located near complex of Peredelkino. That's why it was named Novo-Peredelkino (New Peredelkino) in order to avoid confusion. Previously at the territory of present-day district were located few village and settlements such as Chobotovo, Lukino, Fedosyino. The many residents of these settlements worked at the Bryansk Railway (now Kiev Railway), which was built in the second half of 19th century. On May 10, 1984 these villages and settlements were included into boundaries of the newly-founded Solntsevsky District of Moscow. On September 12, 1991 the territory of Solntsevsky District became part of the Western Administrative Okrug of Moscow, and was divided into three municipal okrugs: Solntsevo, Novo-Peredelkino and Vnukovo. These three municipal okrugs got status of the districts of Moscow on July 5, 1995. The population of Novo-Peredelkino District is 115.536 thousand inhabitants (2010 Census).

The first plans to build Metro station at the territory of present-day Novo-Peredelkino District appeared in 1973. At those times, there were plans to build Kievsky Radius of the Line 4 from Metro station "Kievskaya" ("Kiev"; opened on April 5, 1953) to the settlement of Ochakovo and later to the town of Solntsevo - this project became basis for current project of the Solntsevsky Radius. According to these plans, Kievsky Radius should to be build along the present-day Solntsevsky Avenue. There were plans to build Metro station near railway station "Peredelkino". It should be noted that at those times there was no multi-storey buildings in this area. In 1985 appeared project for construction of the Solntsevo-Mytishchinskaya chordial line. Since then, terminal station is planned to be built at the intersection of the Borovsk Highway and projected driveway (present-day Sholokhov Street). In 1987-1991 there were built many living houses in this area. Later there existed plans for extension of the future line along the Borovsk Highway to the Vnukovo International Airport. In early-2000s, there were plans to build Metro station with planned name "Novoperedelkino" as terminus station of the planned Solntsevo Light Metro line, but this project was cancelled in favour of the heavy-rail Metro line. On February 22, 2011 planned Metro station was renamed into "Novo-Peredelkino".

Currently detailed project of this station is not ready yet. "Novo-Peredelkino" is planned to be built till 2020.

"Novo-Peredelkino" will be shallow station. The platform of station will be located along the Borovsk Highway. There are planned to build two underground vestibules, which will be linked with underpasses under the highway.

Novo-Peredelkino District (2007):

Wikipedia

The plan for construction of the Solntsevsky Radius along the Borovsk Highway in the Solntsevo and Novo-Peredelkino Districts:

Rosmetrostroy
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Old February 3rd, 2013, 04:15 PM   #2709
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THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE CENTRAL STATIONS OF THE KALININSKO-SOLNTSEVSKAYA LINE 8

Simultaneously with southwestern extension of the Solntsevsky Radius, there are planned to be built three stations in the central part of Moscow, between Metro station "Delovoy Tsentr" and "Tretyakovskaya". The length of central segment is 5.1 km. After the launching of this central segment, future Solntsevsky Radius will be linked with existing Kalininskaya Line, and Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya Line 8 will be formed.

The plan for construction of the central segment of the planned Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya Line:

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"VOLKHONKA"

"Volkhonka" (project names - "Ostozhenka" and "Gogolevsky Bulvar" / "Gogol Boulevard") is a future station of the planned Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya Line 8 of the Moscow Metro. It will be located under the Soymonov Driveway near the intersection of the Volkhonka Street, Prechistenka Street, Ostozhenka Street and Gogol Boulevard, in the Khamovniki District, Central Administrative Okrug. "Volkhonka" will be have transfer to the Metro station "Kropotkinskaya" on the Line 1 ("Peter Kropotkin"; opened on May 15, 1935).

The station is named after the historical Volkhonka Street, near which it will be located. This 0.62-km long street is one of the oldest streets in Moscow. History this street goes back to 14th century court of Sophia of Lithuania (1371-1453), wife of Grand Prince of Moscow Vasily I (1371-1425) and the regent of Moscow after his death, which stood on the site of present-day Pashkov House (Russian State Library) and later housed the Shuysky family. Previously this street was part of the road from Kremlin to the princely settlement of Semchinskoye. Before the 17th century it was known as Chertorskaya Street (Chertory is the name of brook that flowed in those parts). Historically Chertorskaya Street was populated by traders and artisans. Since 16th century there began to settle noble families and streltsy (marksmen). The site of present-day Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts was occupied by the royal Coach Yard, giving name to existing Coach Lane. In 1571, after devastation of Moscow by Crimean Tatars, St. Alexius Convent was moved on Chertorskaya Street. In 1658, Tsar Alexis Mikhailovich, father of Peter the Great, commanded to call this street Prechistenskaya in the honour of the icon of Prechistenskaya Our Lady of Smolensk which was stored in the Moscow New Maidens' Convent. Throughout 18th century, this area acquired noble residents like Golitsyn, Dolgorukov and Volkonsky families. In the end of 18th century, the northern part of Prechistenskaya Street became known as Volkhonka Street, in the honour of state-run pub "Volkhonka" on Volkonsky property.

Most of historical Volkhonka (including St. Alexius Convent) was demolished in 1838 and 1880s, clearing sites for Cathedral of Christ the Saviour (dedicated to the Russian Victory over Napoléon's Grande Armée) and a riding school, the latter replaced in 1912 by Museum of Fine Arts named after Alexander III (now Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts). Under the state atheism espoused by the USSR, many "church institutions at the local, diocesan or national level were systematically destroyed" in the 1921-1928 antireligious campaign. As a result, after the Revolution (1917) and, more specifically, the death of Vladimir Lenin (1924), the prominent site of the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour was chosen by the Soviet leader Joseph Stalin as the site for a monument to socialism known as the Palace of the Soviets. This monument was to rise in modernistic, buttressed tiers to support a gigantic statue of Lenin perched on top of a dome with his arm raised in the air.



Cathedral of Christ the Saviour was blowed up on December 5, 1931. It took more than a year to clear the debris from the site. Some of the marble from the walls and marble benches from the cathedral were used in nearby Moscow Metro stations. The construction of the Palace of Soviets was interrupted owing to a lack of funds, problems with flooding from the nearby Moscow-River, and the outbreak of Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945. The flooded foundation hole remained on the site until, under Nikita Khrushchev, it was transformed into the world's largest open air swimming pool, named "Moscow" Pool (built in 1958-1960).



In February 1990, the Russian Orthodox Church received permission from the Soviet Government to rebuild the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour. A temporary cornerstone was laid by the end of the year. A construction fund was initiated in 1992 and funds began to pour in from ordinary citizens in the autumn of 1994. In this year the pool was demolished and the cathedral reconstruction commenced. About one million Muscovites donated money for the project. The lower church was consecrated to the Saviour's Transfiguration in 1996, and the completed Cathedral of Christ the Saviour was consecrated on the Transfiguration Day, August 19, 2000.



Apart of Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, at Volkhonka Street located few museum buildings such as buildings of the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts and Moscow State Art Gallery of Ilya Glazunov as well as Metro station "Kropotkinskaya".

"Kropotkinskaya" ("Peter Kropotkin", former name - "Dvorets Sovetov" / "Palace of the Soviets") is a station on the Line 1 of the Moscow Metro. One of the oldest Metro stations, it was designed by Alexey Dushkin and Yakov Likhtenberg and opened on May 15, 1935 as part of the original Metro line. The station was originally planned to serve the enormous Palace of the Soviets (Dvorets Sovetov), which was to rise nearby on the former site of the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour. "Kropotkinskaya" was therefore designed to be the largest and grandest station on the first line. However, the Palace project was cancelled by Nikita Khrushchev in 1953, leaving the Metro station as the only part of the complex that was actually built. "Kropotkinskaya" was constructed in a massive open trench measuring 176 metres long by 25 metres wide. The tunnels from Metro station "Biblioteka imeni Lenina" ("Lenin Library") were constructed using the cut and cover technique. The combination of unrestricted space and dry soil made for ideal conditions, and construction of the station took only 180 days from start to finish. Kropotkinskaya was completed in January 1935 and opened five months later, on May 15. The station was named "Dvorets Sovetov" ("Palace of the Soviets") until October 8, 1957, when it was renamed in honour of Peter Kropotkin (1842-1921), a geographer, philosopher, and anarchist theoretician born in the vicinity.

"Kropotkinskaya" is a shallow three-vaulted station of the column type (depth - 13 metres). Since it was to serve as the gateway to the Palace of Soviets, great care was taken to make "Kropotkinskaya" suitably elegant and impressive. The station has flared columns faced with white marble which are said to have been inspired by the Temple of Amon at Karnak, Egypt. Contrary to popular opinion, the marble used in the station did not come from the demolished Cathedral. The spacious platform is covered with squares of gray and red granite and the walls, originally tiled, are now faced with white Koyelga marble. The station is illuminated by concealed lamps set into the tops of the columns. A model of the station won two Grand Prix awards at World’s Fairs in Paris (1937) and Brussels (1958). In 1941 the designers and engineers were also awarded the Stalin prize of the USSR for architecture and construction. "Kropotkinskaya" opened with only one entrance vestibule, located at the end of Gogol Boulevard. This U-shaped structure was designed by Samuil Kravets and features two separate pavilions joined by a central arch. In late 1950s the station was given a slight reconstruction replacing the original cast of the upper pillars was replaced by marble and asphalt at the floor was replaced with granite. The reconstruction finished with a new entrance which faces the Cathedral and Moscow-River which was opened on July 16, 1960. Because of the demise of the Palace of Soviets project, much of "Kropotkinskaya"'s planned ridership never materialized. Currently the station serves about 42050 passengers daily, many of them tourists visiting the newly rebuilt Cathedral or the Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts. In the near future transfer to the Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya Line 8 is planned to open. The future station will be called "Volkhonka".

The columns of "Kropotkinskaya" looks like a row of palm trees. In 1935, when the station was opened, its hall was lined up with live palm trees in wooden vats:

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1935. The great Russian architects Alexey Dushkin (1904-1977) and Yakov Likhtenberg (1899-1982) during construction of Metro station "Dvorets Sovetov" ("Palace of the Soviets"), now "Kropotkinskaya" ("Peter Kropotkin"):

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"Kropotkinskaya" is a marvel of strict simplicity and elegance. The station's architect - a relatively unknown figure at the time - was Alexey Dushkin, who became the finest of all the metro's designers. He designed the underground space to recall the famous ancient Egyptian temple of Amon at Karnak with lotus-shaped columns. Legend has it that when Lazar Kaganovich, the Politburo member and supervisor of the Metro’s construction, learnt of this similarity, he was livid. But Dushkin managed to calm him with now-famous line: "They [Egyptians] have palaces for the pharaohs," he said. "We have palaces for the people!" Since then, term "palaces for the people" became to applied to all Metro stations in Moscow.

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The future transfer station "Kropotkinskaya" ("Peter Kropotkin"; Line 1; opened on May 15, 1935):

q-rex


Russos


ev231

In January 2012 there began geodetic researches in this area. The construction of Metro station "Volkhonka" is not started yet.

The architects of the station are Nikolay Shumakov, Alexander Orlov and Vadim Volovich. "Volkhonka" will be deep-level three-vaulted station of the column-wall type. There are plans to install platform screen doors and elevator for the people with reduced mobility. Due to its location near Pushkin Museum of Fine Arts, it was decided to decorate station as exhibition hall. Irina Antonova (b. 1922), great Director of the Pushkin Museum (since 1961), supported this idea and send this request to the Mayor of Moscow. Mayor agreed with this proposal. The station will be decorated with casts of sculptures and copies of paintings. The sculptures and paintings will be not original because Moscow Metro cann't provide adequate conditions for its preservation. There will be built underground vestibule with exit to the Monument of Friedrich Engels near Ostozhenka Street as well to existing underground corridor of the western vestibule of the Metro station "Kropotkinskaya". Also, there will be built transfer underground underpass along the Volkhonka Street with exit near the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour and entrance to the existing eastern vestibule of the "Kropotkinskaya" station.


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Old February 3rd, 2013, 04:17 PM   #2710
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October 14, 2012. The geodetic works near future Metro station "Volkhonka":

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October 17, 2012:

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Old February 3rd, 2013, 04:18 PM   #2711
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"PLYUSHCHIKHA"

"Plyushchikha" (project name - "Smolenskaya" / "Smolensk") is a future station of the planned Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya Line 8 of the Moscow Metro. It will be located near the Plyushchikha Street and Smolensk Boulevard, in the Khamovniki District, Central Administrative Okrug. "Plyushchikha" will be have transfer to the Metro station "Smolenskaya" on the Line 4 ("Smolensk"; opened on April 5, 1953).

The station is named after the historical Plyushchikha Street, near which it will be located. This 1.2-km long street is one of the famous streets in Moscow. History this street goes back to 15th century court of the Bishop of Rostov, which stood on the ancient road to Smolensk city. Prior to the end of 16th century, this street was part of the Smolensk Road. For this reason, it was known as Smolensk Street. Earlier, it was named Savvinskaya Street in the honour of St. Savva Monastery which stood in the end of street. In the end of 16th century, there was built new bridge across Moscow-River. As result, there was formed new route of Smolensk Road through settlement of Dorogomilovo. In the end of 17th century, a pub "Plyushchikha" on Plyushchev's property (which stood in the end of street) gave name to Plyushchikha Street. The street was damaged during Great Fire of 1812, but its western part almost not suffered. Among notable people who lived at Plyushchikha Street were great Russian writer Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910), Russian poet Afanasy Fet (1820-1892), great Russian painter Vasily Surikov (1848-1916) and others. In 1927-1929 there was built famous constructivist public building of the Kauchuk Factory Club designed by great Russian architect Konstantin Melnikov (1890-1974). In late-1960s, this Moscow street became known in all country after releasing of the cult Soviet melodrama film "Three Poplars at Plyushchikha Street" (1967, director - Tatyana Lioznova). There is located Embassy of South Korea in Moscow.

"Smolenskaya" ("Smolensk") is a station on the Line 3 of the Moscow Metro. It was opened on April 5, 1953 to replace an older station of the same name (opened on May 15, 1935), though this was later reopened on November 7, 1958 as part of the Line 4. Both stations are named after Smolensk Square. The two stations are not connected. "Smolenskaya" is deep-level three-vaulted station of the pylon type (depth - 50 m). The architects of the station were Igor Rozhin and Georgy Yakovlev. The main theme of the station design is heroic victory of Russian people over invaders. The square white marble pylons of the station hall are decorated on all four corners with deeply fluted columns and have bronze chandeliers at one side. Overhead is a wide cornice with concealed lighting. The floor is riveted with grey granite. The track walls are faced with white glazed ceramic tiles and black tiles at the basement. The central hall ends with a large high-relief group by Georgy Molotovilov depicting defenders of the Motherland. The round escalator hall is adorned by a frieze with the Order of Victory and a mosaic panel on the theme of Russian military glory (artist Pavel Korin). The ground-level vestibule (architects Oleg Velikoretsky and Alexander Strelkov) represents an arched building leading to Garden Ring. There are small black pillars at the entrance. The walls of the vestibule are adorned with medallions showing Russian soldiers (sculptors Oleg Ikonnikov and Yury Ushkov). In the near future a transfer to the Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya Line 8 is planned to open. The future station will be called "Plyushchikha".

In February 2012 there began geodetic researches in this area. The construction of Metro station "Plyushchikha" is not started yet.

The architects of the station are Nikolay Shumakov, Alexander Orlov and Vadim Volovich. "Plyushchika" will be deep-level three-vaulted station of the pylon type. There are plans to install platform screen doors. There will be built one underground vestibule at the garden square opposite to the building of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation (the one of seven Stalin's skyscrapers). It will be linked with existing underpass under the Garden Ring.


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July 17, 2012. The geodetic works near future exit from Metro station "Plyushchikha":

oleg1980mow

The future transfer station "Smolenskaya" ("Smolensk"; Line 3; opened on April 5, 1953):

Igor Vanin


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Old February 3rd, 2013, 04:20 PM   #2712
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"KUTUZOVSKY PROSPEKT"

"Kutuzovsky Prospekt" ("Kutuzov Avenue") is a future station of the planned Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya Line 8 of the Moscow Metro. It will be located in the beginning of Kutuzov Avenue near New Arbat Bridge, in the Dorogomilovo District, Western Administrative Okrug.

The station is named after the Kutuzov Avenue, in the beginning of which it will be located. This 8.3-km long avenue is one of the famous avenues of Moscow. Historically road to Mozhaysk, Smolensk and other towns located west of Moscow was been from Kremlin through territory of the present-day Dorogomilovo District. Original settlement of Dorogomilovo was located on the opposite (eastern) bank of the Moscow-River, between Khamovniki District and New Maidens's Convent. Peasants of this settlement, personally free, were paying their taxes with Yam (mail coach) service on the old road to Smolensk, the main link between Moscow and Poland. Smolensk was liberated by Russians in the course of the Russo-Polish War of 1654-1667, and as a result the road was straightened and a new river crossing emerged on site of present-day Borodino Bridge. In 1812, old Smolensk Road witnessed the retreat of Russian troops and Napoleon's conquest of Moscow. The village of Fili, where Mikhail Kutuzov made his decision to abandon Moscow, is situated just outside of the modern Dorogomilovo District boundary. The French marched to Moscow in three columns, crossing the river in Fili, Dorogomilovo, and Luzhniki. In 1935, Dorogomilovo became the site of a major stalinist architecture project. A 2.7-kilometer long stretch of Dorogomilovskaya Street and Mozhaysk highway was zoned for first-rate housing construction; half of the project was actually completed before June 1941. One of these apartment blocks, #26 Kutuzov Avenue, is known as Leonid Brezhnev's Mikhail Suslov's and Yury Andropov's home. Construction was completed during post-war years. Post-war construction was concentrated on the embankments and the beginning of Kutuzov Avenue, notably, the "Ukraine" Hotel Skyscraper (1953–1957). Grand stalinist buildings completed the perimeters of large city blocks; inside, wooden shacks survived until the 1970s and were replaced with Brezhnev-era standard housing (of better-than-average variety). In 1992 Marshal Grechko Avenue became part of the Kutuzov Avenue.

Kuzutov Avenue was formed in 1957 when was built new direct magistral to the west. This avenue was built as parade western entrance to the capital. The many streets in the Dogoromilovo District were named after Heroes of the Patriotic War of 1812. That's why it's not surprising that main avenue of this district - Kuzutov Avenue - was named on December 13, 1957 in the honour of the Mikhail Kutuzov (1745-1813). Mikhail Kutuzov was a Field Marshal of the Russian Empire. He served as one of the finest military officers and diplomats of Russia under the reign of three Romanov Emperors: Catherine II, Paul I and Alexander I. His military career was closely associated with the rising period of Russia from the end of the 18th century to the beginning of the 19th century. Kutuzov contributed much to the military history of Russia and is considered to have been one of the best Russian generals under the reign of Catherine the Great. He took part in the suppression of the Bar Confederation's uprising, in three of the Russo-Turkish Wars and in the Napoleonic Wars, including two major battles at Austerlitz (1805) and Borodino (1812). However, Kutuzov is credited most with his brilliant leadership during the French invasion of Russia. Under Kutuzov's command, the Russian Army stopped the Napoléon's Grande Armée at the Battle of Borodino and then counter-attacked, pushing the French out of the Russian homeland. In recognition of this, Kutuzov was awarded the title of Prince of Smolensk. In early-1813 Kutuzov fell ill. He died on April 28, 1813 during the War of the Sixth Coalition at Bunzlau, Prussia (now Bolesławiec, Poland). A memorial was built at Moscow in 1973 to commemorate the Patriotic War of 1812 and Kutuzov's leadership. During the Great Patriotic War (1941–1945), the Soviet government established the Order of Kutuzov which, among several other decorations, was preserved in Russia upon the dissolution of the Soviet Union, thus remaining among the highest military awards in Russia. Kutuzov was highly regarded in the works of Russian and Soviet historians. Among Russian military commanders, Kutuzov is held second only to his teacher Alexander Suvorov (1730-1800).

The project of this station appeared only in 2011 when was proposed new route of the central segment of the Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya Line 8. Prior to this, there were plans to build line from "Plyushchikha" to "Delovoy Tsentr" along the left bank of Moscow-River, with two intermediate stations - "Konyushovskaya" and "Tryokhgorka". However, in order to reduce the cost of the project and reduce the length of this segment, it was decided to build more direct route with one intermediate station. In May 2012 there began geodetic researches in this area. The construction of Metro station "Kutuzovsky Prospekt" is not started yet.

The architects of the station are Nikolay Shumakov, Alexander Orlov and Vadim Volovich. "Plyushchika" will be deep-level three-vaulted station of the pylon type. There are plans to install platform screen doors. There will be built two underground vestibules near the Radisson Royal Hotel (former "Ukraine" Hotel). The eastern vestibule will be have exit to the New Arbat Bridge and Taras Shevchenko Embankment. The western vestibule will be located under the Ukrainian Boulevard and will have exits to the both sides of the Kutuzov Avenue. In the distant future, it will be have transfer to the future Metro station "Rossiyskaya" ("Russian") on the Ring Line 5.


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June 14, 2012. The geodetic works near future Metro station "Kutuzovsky Prospekt":

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November 20, 2012:

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Old February 3rd, 2013, 04:21 PM   #2713
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THE SECOND STAGE OF THE CONSTRUCTION OF THIRD INTERCHANGE CONTOUR

After the commissioning of the first (northwestern) segment of the Third Interchange Contour between Metro stations "Delovoy Tsentr" and "Nizhnyaya Maslovka" (length - 12.21 km) in 2015, there will be built second (northeastern) segment between Metro stations "Nizhnyaya Maslovka" and "Aviamotornaya" (length - 10.1 km). As result, Third Interchange Contour will be linked with future Kozhukhovskaya Line which is scheduled to be open in 2016. According to the resolution of the city government on May 4, 2012, all stations of the second stage should to be opened in 2016. However, its opening can be rescheduled due to difficulty and big level of works. Except "Maryina Roshcha", all stations of the second stage of construction will be shallow.

By December 2016, the following stations are planned to be opened:
1) "Maryina Roshcha" (transfer to "Maryina Roshcha" on the Line 10);
2) "Rizhskaya" (transfer to "Rizhskaya" on the Line 6);
3) "Sokolniki" (transfer to "Sokolniki" on the Line 1);
4) "Elektrozavodskaya" (transfer to "Elektrozavodskaya" on the Line 3);
5) "Lefortovo";
6) "Aviamotornaya" (transfer to "Aviamotornaya" on the Line 8).

Third Interchange Contour planned to be built as automated line. All column (or pylon) stations of this segment will be built in one style. There will be installed automated platform screen doors. The only difference will be in the color spectrum. The columns or pylons of the transfer stations will be have color of the transfer lines at the official schemes for better orientation of passengers in the trains.

The actual route of the second segment of the Third Interchange Contour:

Rosmetrostroy

"MARYINA ROSHCHA"

"Maryina Roshcha" ("Mary's Grove") is a future station of the Third Interchange Contour of the Moscow Metro. It will be located near intersection of the Sushchyovsky Rampart Street and 2nd Street of Mary's Grove, at the border of the Maryina Roshcha and Butyrsky Districts, Northern Administrative Okrug. It will be have transfer to Metro station "Maryina Roshcha" on the Line 10 ("Mary's Grove"; opened on June 19, 2010).

The station is named after district in which it will be located. The village of Maryino, also known as Boyarkino, was firsly mentioned in the beginning of 17th century. It appears in official registers since 1678, when it had a population of 102 people in 22 households. Maryino and the adjacent Ostankino village and a park were owned by the Cherkassky family. In the middle of the 18th century, the Princess Varvara Cherkasskaya married Count Pyotr Sheremetyev (1713-1788), and in 1743 land passed into Sheremetyev family possession. The main north-south street of the area, Sheremetyev Street, is still named after these past landlords. In 1742 there was built Kamer Collegium Rampart - originally as an earth wall with 16 (later 18) guarded checkpoints (outposts) for internal passport control and taxing the cargoes. As result, the nearest forests were almost completely cut down, and its remains near the village of Maryino were called Mary's Grove, a name that "has stuck to this day, even though the grove was completely cut down in the late 19th century". After the Great Fire of 1812, the groves between Moscow and Maryino were felled for timber, but quickly recovered and became a popular picnic destination. The name Mary's Grove became a toponym independent of the old Maryino village. This name is supposedly derived from the name of noblewomen Marya (Mary), the wife of the former owner Fyodor Goltyay who lived in early-15th century. Russian poet Vasily Zhukovsky (1783-1852) wrote a romantic story "Mary's Grove" (1809); his version of the etymology of the name Maryina Roshcha is pure fiction, as is the legend linking Maryina Roshcha to a female highway robber called Marya.

Between 1851 and 1882, railroad construction isolated Mary's Grove from Moscow (south) and Ostankino (north). In the 1880s, a French real estate developer signed a long-term lease with the Sheremetyev family, cleared the trees, and leveled the area for cheap low-rise construction, creating the rectangular grid of streets and alleys that still exists today. However, they did not bother to set up water supply or a sewage system. The proximity of railroads quickly attracted industrialists like Gustav List (1835-1913), who built factories on the edges of Mary's Grove. Wooden houses were occupied by workers of these factories, including an ethnic minority of Mordvin laborers, who settled in the area in 1901. The existing orthodox church of Unexpected Joy was built by public subscription in 1899-1904 and operated continuously through the Soviet years. Mary's Grove, located outside the Moscow city limits, was inadequately policed by the country administration. This attracted shady persons, and the area was considered a criminal ghetto, especially after WWI and Russian Civil War, when law-abiding men where drafted and perished in the army, and the Bolshevik administration expropriated all livestock from the residents. The historical area of Mary's Grove, which emerged in the middle of the 19th century on the site of Sheremetyev family lands, retained its low-rise, country style until the 1960s. The post-WWII Mary's Grove underworld was featured in the cult Soviet mini-series "The Meeting Place Cannot Be Changed" (1979). Joseph Stalin's master plan of 1935 proposed building a north-south highway through Mary's Grove, which would lead to demolition of the 19th-century housing. This plan did not materialize, and wooden houses in Mary's Grove were demolished gradually only in the 1960s. The remainder was cleared in the late 1970s in preparation for the 1980 Summer Olympics. On September 12, 1991 in Moscow were established municipal okrugs Sheremetyevsky and Maryina Roshcha. On July 5, 1995 these two municipal okrugs were merged into Maryina Roshcha District. The last remaining tramlines in Maryina Roshcha were closed in 2002, when the district's southern boundary was converted into the Third Transport Ring highway.

"Maryina Roshcha" ("Mary's Grove") is a Moscow Metro station in the Maryina Roshcha District, North-Eastern Administrative Okrug, Moscow. It's a northern terminus station of the Line 10. The construction process was started in 2008. In April 2009 the lack of funds forced the Moscow Metro authorities to delay the station's opening to May 2010. Several days before the supposed opening date it was delayed again to June 2010 due to escalators adjustment. "Maryina Roshcha" is deep-level three-vaulted station of the pylon type (depth - 60 m). It was named for district in which located. The architects of the station were Amantay Kurenbayev and Alexander Shutov. The station is decorated with smalt mosaic panels by artist Sergey Goryaev, which depict historical landscapes of the Mary's Grove and neighboring areas. The station was opened on June 19, 2010 with one southern vestibule. In October 2010 began construction of northern vestibule, situated at the intersection of Sheremetyev Street and 4th Driveway of Mary's Grove. It was opened for passengers on December 24, 2012. This vestibule was built in 30 metres from Russian State Theatre "Satyricon" named after Arkady Raykin, the one of well-known Moscow theatres. In the near future transfer to the Third Interchange Contour is planned to open. The future station also will be called "Maryina Roshcha".

The station of the Third Interchange Contour will be deep-level three-vaulted station of the pylon type (depth - 40 m). There are plans to install platform screen doors. There will be built one underground vestibule near the intersection of the Sushchyovsky Rampart Street and 2nd Street of Mary's Grove. The transfer on the Line 10 will be built in the western end of station. According to the resolution of the city government on May 4, 2012, "Maryina Roshcha" should to be opened in 2016, but it can be rescheduled due to difficulty and big level of works.

Currently detailed project of this station is not ready yet.

The future transfer station Maryina Roshcha" ("Mary's Grove"; Line 10; opened on June 19, 2010):

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Old February 3rd, 2013, 04:24 PM   #2714
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"RIZHSKAYA"

"Rizhskaya" ("Riga") is a future station of the Third Interchange Contour of the Moscow Metro. It will be located near intersection of the Peace Avenue and Sushchyovsky Rampart Street, in the Meshchansky District, Central Administrative Okrug. It will be have transfer to Metro station "Rizhskaya" on the Line 6 ("Riga"; opened on May 1, 1958).

The station is named after Riga Rail Terminal and Riga Square near which it will be located. The building of Riga Rail Terminal was built in 1897-1901 during the construction of Moscow-Windawa-Rybinsk Railway (1870-1904). Originally it was known as Windawa Rail Terminal in the honour of Latvian port of Ventspils (Polish: Windawa). The order of Emperor Nicholas II about construction of the Moscow-Windawa Railway was signed on March 14, 1897. The construction started in the second half of 1898. On July 15, 1901 the passenger traffic between Moscow and town of Rzhev in Tver Region was opened. Since the main station in Moscow was not ready at the time, the eastern terminal station in Moscow was "Sortirovochnaya" (currently "Podmoskovnaya"). Windawa Rail Terminal was opened on September 24, 1901. That day began operation at the route Moscow-Windawa. The building of Windawa Rail Terminal, in the style of eclecticism, was built using the project of the Russian architect Stanislav Brzhozovsky (1863-1930s). The construction was built under leadership of Yuly Diederichs (1872-1958), the supervisor of construction was Tomasz Bohdanowicz-Dworzecki (1859-1920). After 1920, when Latvia became independent, the former Windawa direction decayed, since it did not serve any big cities. In 1930, the station was renamed into Baltic Rail Terminal, in 1942 - into Rzhev Rail Terminal, and in 1946, when Latvia became part Soviet Union, it was renamed into Riga Rail Terminal. Originally, the suburban direction was scheduled to be electrified in 1943, but the electrification of the stretch between Moscow and Nakhabino only occurred in 1945, after WWII was finished. On December 30, 1947 Cross Outpost Square near terminal was renamed into Riga Square. On July 31, 2004, the Moscow Railway Museum was opened at the territory of the terminal. Currently Riga Rail Terminal is the one of two less busiest rail terminals in Moscow (together with Savyolovo Rail Terminal). It serves Moscow-Riga route as well as suburban routes.

"Rizhskaya" ("Riga") is a Moscow Metro station in the Meshchansky District, Central Administrative Okrug. It's on the Line 6, between "Prospekt Mira" ("Peace Avenue") and "Alexeyevskaya" ("St. Alexis") stations. "Rizhskaya" is deep-level three-vaulted station of the pylon type (depth - 46 m). It is named after the nearby Riga Rail Terminal (which was named after and serves trains to and from the Latvian capital, Riga) and was designed by Latvian architects Artūrs Reinfelds and Vaidelotis Apsītis. The station opened on May 1, 1958. The brightly colored Latvian ceramics employed throughout the station make it instantly recognizable. The pylons, which follow the curve of the station tube, are faced with reddish-brown tile and sandwiched between piers faced with lemon yellow tile and decorated with gold-colored cornices. There are thin reliefs depicting industrial and architectural objects of Riga as well as the images of the Latvian cities at the reddish-brown tiles. The track walls are faced with egg yellow and black tiles. The floor is paved with grey granite. The ventilation grilles above the pylons are decorated with the Latvian coat of arms, probably the coat of arms of the Latvian Soviet Socialist Republic. For its design, this station was nicknamed "bacon and eggs". There is located photo collage "World's cities in the Moscow Metro" in the end of platform. The round vestibule, which was designed by Samiul Kravets, Yu. Kolesnikova, and G. Golubev, is located on the east side of the Peace Avenue at Riga Square. There is located monument "First Satellite" (sculptor - Sergey Kovner, architect - Vladimir Kartsev) dedicated to the launching first artificial Earth satellite "Sputnik 1" on October 4, 1957. In the near future transfer to the Third Interchange Contour is planned to open. The future station also will be called "Rizhskaya".

The station of the Third Interchange Contour will be shallow three-vaulted station of the column type. The main reason for construction of station at this place is its location near Riga Rail Terminal. It will be located perpendicular to the station of Line 6. "Rizhskaya" will be built at the territory of Riga Radio Market. There are plans to install platform screen doors. There will be built two underground vestibules. The eastern vestibule will lead to the railway station "Rzhevskaya". The western vestibule will be linked with existing underpass under the Riga Square. It will lead to the Riga Rail Terminal. According to the resolution of the city government on May 4, 2012, "Rizhskaya" should to be opened in 2016, but it can be rescheduled due to difficulty and big level of works.

On December 26, 2012 were held public hearings for the local residents. Currently detailed project of this station is not ready yet.

Riga Rail Terminal:

Link

The future transfer station Rizhskaya" ("Riga"; Line 6; opened on May 1, 1958):

Igor Vanin


Битцевский панк

"Old Riga":

Битцевский панк

Photo collage "World's cities in the Moscow Metro":

Битцевский панк

The monument "First Satellite" near the round vestibule of station:

kubadievna
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Old February 3rd, 2013, 04:25 PM   #2715
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"SOKOLNIKI"

"Sokolniki" ("Falconers") is a future station of the Third Interchange Contour of the Moscow Metro. It will be located under the Falconers Square, between Rusakov Street and Falconers Rampart Street, in the Sokolniki District, Eastern Administrative Okrug. It will be have transfer to Metro station "Sokolniki" on the Line 1 ("Falconers"; opened on May 15, 1935).

The station is named after district in which it will be located. Sokolniki District got its name from the word "sokol" (meaning "falcon") in lieu of the Tsar's falcon hunting grounds which were located there, primarily on the territory of the present-day Sokolniki Park. Sokolniki Park, named for the falcon hunt of the Grand Dukes of Moscow formerly conducted there, is located in the eponymous Sokolniki District of Moscow. In 14th-16th centuries there was dense forest at the place of present-day park. In 16th-17th centuries it was place of the Tsar's falcon hunting. There hunted Ivan the Terrible. The park gained its name from the Falconers Quarter, the 17th-century home of the sovereign's falconers. It was created by Tsar Alexis Mikhailovich (father of Peter the Great), a keen hunter who loved to go falconing in the area. Sokolniki Park is not far from the center of the city, near Falconers Outpost. The park's current layout of clearings and alleys began under Peter the Great. In 1878 it was established as a public municipal park. In 1900 a "labyrinth", or network of alleys, was laid out. From 1931 onwards Sokolniki has been developed as an official "park of culture and leisure". The park territory contains an amusement park, a winter outdoor ice skating rink and an exposition centre which was the site of the Kitchen Debate at the American National Exhibition in 1959. It also contains the Sokolniki Sports Palace (opened on April 14, 1956; roofed in 1973), home to the ice hockey team HC Spartak Moscow. Today Sokolniki is a typical Russian park, with an aging funfair and other amusements for children, and numerous fast food stalls all clustered near the main entrance. In summer the central alleyways are a mass of brightly colored formal flowerbeds, while the depths of the park are a wilderness home to pines and spruces, birches and oaks, limes and maples - all trees native to the Moscow Region - as well as a number of non-indigenous trees, such as larches, cedars, walnut, red oaks, etc. The park's wildlife includes hares, squirrels and weasels, as well as 76 types of bird. The park, with an area of six square kilometers, is also the most Western extension of a larger Moose Island natural reserve that spans from the Eastern edge of Sokolniki to Moscow Automobile Ring Road (MKAD) beltway and beyond.

"Sokolniki" ("Falconers") is a Moscow Metro station in the Sokolniki District, Eastern Administrative Okrug. It's on the Sokolnicheskaya Line 1, between "Krasnoselskaya" ("Red Settlement") and "Preobrazhenskaya Ploshchad" ("Transfiguration Square") stations. "Sokolniki" is a shallow three-vaulted station of the column type (depth - 9 m). It is located under Rusakov Street at the foot of Falconers Square and was part of the first Metro line. "Sokolniki" is considered first Metro station in Moscow. The station is named after the nearby Sokolniki Park. The northeastern end of the line, including "Sokolniki", was built using the cut and cover method. The tunnels from "Krasnoselskaya" to "Sokolniki" were under construction as early as the summer of 1933, but work did not begin on the station itself until March 1934. The concrete shell of the station was completed in just five months, and "Sokolniki" opened along with the rest of the line on May 15, 1935. The first test run of the Moscow Metro took place on October 15, 1934 between "Sokolniki" and "Komsomolskaya" stations. "Sokolniki" was the eastern terminus of the line for 30 years until the 1965 extension to "Preobrazhenskaya Ploshchad" was completed. The reversal sidings are still used for maintenance and overnight storage of trains. The station was designed by married pair of architects Ivan Taranov (1906-1979) and Nadezhda Bykova (1907-1997) and features square pillars faced with grey-blue Ufaley marble and marblite. The upper part of the track walls is lined with pale yellow tiles and the lower part is lined with black ceramic tiles. The floor is paved with black and grey granite, although it was originally asphalted. The corridors and the ticket hall of the station are covered with Georgian Sadakhlo and Uralian Prokhoro-Balandinsky marble. The ground-level ticket hall made in the form of an arch with two exits is located in the alley leading to Sokolniki Park of Culture and Leisure. The ticket hall is lined with Koelga marble and white marblite. A model of the station was awarded a Grand Prix at the 1937 Paris World's Fair. In the near future transfer to the Third Interchange Contour is planned to open. The future station also will be called "Sokolniki".

The episode from the Soviet movie "Volunteers" (1958) dedicated to the first Metro builders:


The station of the Third Interchange Contour will be shallow three-vaulted station of the column type. It will be located perpendicular to the station of Line 1. There are plans to install platform screen doors. The northern vestibule will be linked with underpass under the Falconers Rampart Street. There will be built four exits from northern vestibule to the main entrance of Sokolniki Park and tram turnover ring "Falconers Outpost". The southern vestibule will be have three exits to Stromynka Street. There will be built transfer to the Line 1.

Previously, city authorities planned to build line of the Third Interchange Contour between Metro stations "Krasnoselskaya" (Line 1) and "Baumanskaya" (Line 3). According to the resolution of the city government on May 4, 2012, "Sokolniki" should to be opened in 2016, but it can be rescheduled due to difficulty and big level of works. Currently detailed project of this station is not ready yet. On December 18, 2012 were held public hearings for the residents of Sokolniki District. This project was strongly criticized by locals due to plans for construction of the foundation pit at the place of linden alley between Sokolniki Park and existing Metro station.

The station will be built under this linden alley:


"Moose Island in Sokolniki" (1869, painter - Alexey Savrasov):

Art-catalog

2009. Sokolniki Park:

Oleg Lukyanov

The architects of the first Metro station in Moscow - married pair Ivan Taranov (1906-1979) and Nadezhda Bykova (1907-1997):

"Архитектор"

March 6, 1935. Metro station "Sokolniki" prior to opening. The portraits of Sergo Ordzhonikidze, Joseph Stalin and Lazar Kaganovich on the backfront:

cocomera

The future transfer station "Sokolniki" ("Falconers"; Line 1; opened on May 15, 1935):

Russos

May 15, 2010. The presentation of Retro train "Sokolniki" at the station:

Russos

The buffet on the footbridge over the ways is copying design of the first metro trains (type "A"):

Russos

The vestibule of the station near "Holiday Inn" hotel:

KVentz
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Old February 3rd, 2013, 04:26 PM   #2716
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"ELEKTROZAVODSKAYA"

"Elektrozavodskaya" ("Electricity Plant") is a future station of the Third Interchange Contour of the Moscow Metro. It will be located along the St. Simeon Embankment, at the border of the Basmanny District of Central Administrative Okrug and Sokolinaya Gora District of Eastern Administrative Okrug. It will be have transfer to Metro station "Elektrozavodskaya" on the Line 3 ("Electricity Plant"; opened on May 15, 1944).

The station is named after Moscow Electricity Plant named after Valerian Kuybyshev near which it will be located. Currently this holding consists of three plants - Moscow Electricity Plant (founded in 1928), Moscow Electrolamp Plant (founded in 1907) and Moscow Plant of Auto Tractor Electric Equipment (founded in 1929).

"Elektrozavodskaya" is a Moscow Metro station on the Line 3. It's one of the most spectacular and better-known stations of the system. Built as part of the third stage of the construction of Moscow Metro (1938-1944) and opened on May 15, 1944 during the Second World War, the station is one of the iconic symbols of the system, famous for its architectural decoration which is work of architects Vladimir Shchuko (who died whilst working on the station's project in 1939) and Vladimir Gelfreich, along with participation of his student Igor Rozhin. "Elektrozavodskaya" is the deep-level three-vaulted station of the pylon type (depth - 31.5 m). Named after the electric light bulb plant nearby, the preliminary layout included Shchuko's idea of making the ceiling covered with six rows of circular incandescent inset lamps (of which there were 318 in total). However the outbreak of the Great Patriotic War halted all works until 1943 when construction resumed. Gelfreich and Rozhin finished the design by adding an addition theme of the people’s hard work during the Great Patriotic War to the station, which is highlighted by the 12 marble bas-reliefs on the pylons done by Georgy Motovilov. The rest of the station's interior features most of the 1930s plans including Prokhoro-Balandinsky marble on the rectangular pylons (the outside faces have sconces and decorative gilded grilles depicting the hammer and sickle), red Georgian Salieti marble on the station walls, a dark olive Duvalu marble on the socle and a chessboard layout on the main platform floor of granite and labradorite. The chequered floor is paved with grey granitea and black labradorite framed by Сrimean pinkish-yellow Biyuk-Yankoy marble.

The station's hexagonal shaped vestibule, features a domed structure on a low drum, on the corner niches of which are six medallions with bas-reliefs of main pioneers in electricity and electrical engineering: William Gilbert (1544-1603), Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790), Mikhail Lomonosov (1711-1765), Michael Faraday (1791-1867), Pavel Yablochkov (1847-1894), and Alexander Popov (1859-1906) along with their pioneering apparatus. The architects of the vestibule were Vladimir Gelfreich, Igor Rozhin and Arkady Arkin. The interior of the vestibule is further punctuated by the same bright red Georgian Salieti marble. Outside the vestibule in the archway there is a sculpture to the Metro builders by Matvey Manizer. The station's legacy was that it serves as a bridge between the pre-war art deco-influenced Stalinist Architecture as seen on the second stage stations and their post-war counterparts on the Ring Line 5. Both Genrikh and Rozhin were awarded the Stalin Prize in 1946 for their work. The station serves the Basmanny District and is located on the Greater St. Simeon Street, next to the Yauza River. The railway station "Elektrozavodskaya" of the Ryazan direction of the Moscow-Ryazan branch of the Moscow Railway is also located nearby. On May 19, 2007, the station was closed for a year during which the escalators were completely replaced, along with the floor panels. Most of the details and finishes including Motovilov's bas-reliefs were refurbished. The station was reopened on November 28, 2008. In the near future transfer to the Third Interchange Contour is planned to open. The future station also will be called "Elektrozavodskaya".

The station of the Third Interchange Contour will be shallow three-vaulted station of the column type. The main reason for construction of station at this place is its location near railway station "Elektrozavodskaya". Previously, city authorities planned to build station of the Third Interchange Contour near neighboring Metro station "Baumanskaya" ("Nikolay Bauman"; Line 3; opened on January 18, 1944). There are plans to install platform screen doors. There will be built two vestibules. The northern vestibule, combined for both stations, will lead to the Golyanov Driveway and railway station "Elektrozavodskaya". The southern underground vestibule will be have exit to the St. Simeon Embankment and projected pedestrian bridge across Yauza River. According to the resolution of the city government on May 4, 2012. "Elektrozavodskaya" should to be opened in 2016, but it can be rescheduled due to difficulty and big level of works.

On November 8, 2012 were held public hearings for the local residents. Currently detailed project of this station is not ready yet.

The future transfer Metro station "Elektrozavodskaya" ("Electricity Plant"; Line 3; opened on May 15, 1944):

kulvinskiy


Russos


Russos

"The workers of the Electrolamp Plant" (sculptor - Georgy Motovilov):

inga-2004


sapper68


Metroblog

"Metro builders" (sculptor - Matvey Manizer):

Олег Береснев


Deliluna

The building of Moscow Electricity Plant was built in 1914-1927 according the project of Georgy Yevlanov:

Wikipedia
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Old February 3rd, 2013, 04:27 PM   #2717
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"LEFORTOVO"

"Lefortovo" is a future station of the Third Interchange Contour of the Moscow Metro. It will be located along the Soldier Street between its intersections with 1st Red Cadet Driveway and Stone Settlement Lane, in the Lefortovo District, South-Eastern Administrative Okrug.

The station is named after district in which it will be located. It is named after Franz Lefort, whose troops were stationed nearby at the German Quarter. Franz Lefort (1656-1699) was a Russian military figure of Swiss origin, general admiral (1695), and close associate of Russian Emperor Peter the Great. Franz Lefort came from a merchant family, and was born in Geneva. He began his military career in the French and Dutch armies. In 1675, Lefort arrived in Russia with a unit under the command of Colonel Fan Forsten in order to find employment with the Russian Army. He settled in the so-called German Quarter in Moscow, where he would gain respect among other distinguished foreigners. Then, Lefort was sent to one of the fronts during the Russo-Turkish War of 1676-1681. Upon his return to Moscow from a short trip to Geneva in 1683, Lefort was on various diplomatic assignments until the fall of 1685. Lefort's house gradually turned into a main attraction of the German Quarter, attended not only by locals, but by Russian noblemen, such as the Galitzines. It appears that Lefort utilized his connections with the latter and received a fast promotion. In 1687 and 1689, he took part in two unsuccessful Crimean campaigns. Peter I became a frequent guest in Lefort's house since 1690. Lefort was one of the principal organizers and participators in Peter's military games, which would pave the way for his career advancement. In 1690, Lefort was promoted to the rank of major general. He then became lieutenant general (1691) and general (1693). In 1691, Lefort was put in charge of a regiment and issued a training ground on the left bank of the Yauza River. Peter ordered construction of a settlement for this purpose, which would later be called Lefort Quarter, present-day Lefortovo. During the Azov campaigns of 1695-1696, Lefort was in charge of the Imperial Russian Navy. His return from the war was greeted with a solemn parade through Moscow to his "native" German Quarter and subsequent festivities. Lefort was awarded a title of governor of Novgorod and estates in two uyezds. In 1696, Lefort together with Fedor Golovin and Prokopy Voznitsyn was put in charge of the Grand Embassy, a Russian diplomatic mission to Western Europe. In 1698 he moved to a custom-built palace on the Yauza River, which would later be called the Lefortovo Palace. The palace would soon become a center of the Russian political and royal life in 1698-1699. Peter I used to hold all his important meetings and numerous celebrations in Lefort's palace. Franz Lefort died in Moscow in 1699. Upon hearing the news of his death, Tsar Peter lamented "Now I am alone without one trusty man. He alone was faithful to me. Whom can I confide in now?". On March 21, Peter held Lefort's state funeral, one that was to be less only to funerals of Tsars or Patriarchs. He is buried in the Vvedenskoye Cemetery (German Cemetery) in Lefortovo.

The district is considered to have been founded in 1699. In the 18th century it was home to Annenhof, Lefortovo Palace, Quarter Palace, and Catherine Palace. In later centuries, the district hosted troops and military organizations, and also became heavily industrialized. The present-day Lefortovo is famous for the Lefortovo Park (built in 1703), Lefortovo Prison (founded in 1881) and the Lefortovo tunnel (opened on December 5, 2003) on the Third Transport Ring. Several higher educational institutions located in Lefortovo, such as the Moscow Power Engineering Institute (established in 1930).

The station "Lefortovo" of the Third Interchange Contour will be shallow three-vaulted station of the column type. There are plans to install platform screen doors. There will be built two underground vestibules. The northwestern vestibule will have three exits to the 1st Red Cadet Driveway and Soldier Lane. The southwestern vestibule will be have one exit to the Aviamotornaya Street.

On December 6, 2012 were held public hearings for the local residents. Currently detailed project of this station is not ready yet.


Багира

Lefortovo Park (opened in 1703):

Marina Saif

Lefortovo Palace (built in 1697-1699 by Dmitry Aksamitov):

Serg63Ant

Catherine Palace (built in 1773-1797 by Antonio Rinaldi, Pyotr Makulov, Karl Blank, Giacomo Quarenghi and Francesco Camporesi):

Link

December 5, 2012. The future cosntruction site:

атлас


атлас


атлас


атлас
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Old February 3rd, 2013, 04:29 PM   #2718
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"AVIAMOTORNAYA"

"Aviamotornaya" ("Avia-motorical") is a future station of the Third Interchange Contour of the Moscow Metro. It will be located near the intersection of the Enthusiasts Highway and Aviamotornaya Street, in the Lefortovo District, South-Eastern Administrative Okrug. There will be built transfer to the eponymous Metro station "Aviamotornaya" on the Line 8 (opened on December 30, 1979).

The station is named after Aviamotornaya Street near which it will be located. This street was named in 1934 in the honour of Soviet aircraft manufacturing and due to location of the aviation enterprises in this area - TsAGI (Central Aerohydrodynamic Institute; founded on December 1, 1918) and TsIAM (Central Institute of Aviation Motor Development named after Pyotr Baranov; founded on December 3, 1930).

"Aviamotornaya" is a station on the Line 8 of the Moscow Metro. It was opened on December 30, 1979. The station is built in a three-vaulted configuration 53 metres underground. The central hallway contains a sculpture made out of anodised gold pyramids and tetrahedra. The architects of the station were Alexander Strelkov, Vladimir Klokov, N. Demchinsky and Yu. Kolesnikova. The theme of the station decor is aviation and flying (artist Anatoly Mosiychuk, sculptors Jam Bodniek and Haim Rysin). The track walls and the columns are faced with light-coloured marble and the basement of the track walls is black marble. The floor is paved with gray granite of different shades. The end wall of the station hall is faced with white marble and adorned with a metal sculpture. There are decorations mentioning and detailing the main constellations. The vault of the station features a dome decorated with quadrangular anodized gold pyramids – it looks as though a magic carpet flies above the station: golden hammered panels make a suspended ceiling that resembles the universe. Several pictures join to make a flower, and a lamp in the centre looks like a star in the sky. Each panel features a different image – streams of sun, celestial constellations etc. On February 17, 1982, "Aviamotornaya" station was the site of a major accident in which eight people died and dozens people injured because deteriorating escalators of the station malfunctioned. It was one of the worst disasters in the history of the Metro.

According to decree of the city government on May 4, 2012, "Aviamotornaya" station is scheduled to be opened in the end of 2016. The construction of this station is not started yet.

The architect of the station is Alexander Vigdorov (project leader). "Aviamotornaya" will be shallow three-vaulted station of the column type. The columns of station will be faced with marble "Dark Emperador (Extra)" while the floor will be paved with granite of types "White Galaxy" and "Brown Antique". The ceiling will be decorated with aluminum panels. In the centre of station will be built transfer to the Line 8. The station will be built with two underground vestibules. The northern vestibule will have exit at the intersection of the Aviamotornaya Street and Red Barracks Street. The southern vestibule will be situated at the place of tram terminal stop "Enthusiasts Driveway".


Rosmetrostroy

The future transfer station "Aviamotornaya" ("Avia-motorical"; Line 8; opened on December 30, 1979):

Igor Vanin


Битцевский панк


BOV642007


Rosmetrostroy
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Old February 3rd, 2013, 04:31 PM   #2719
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In addition, there are plans to build 7.5-km long segment of the Third Interchange Contour between "Khoroshyovskaya" and "Kuntsevskaya" stations with two (or three) intermediate stations - "Narodnoe Opolcheniye", "Nizhniye Mnyovniki" and (possibly) "Terekhovo".


Link

"NARODNOE OPOLCHENIYE"

"Narodnoe Opolcheniye" ("People's Militia") is a future station of the Third Interchange Contour of the Moscow Metro. It will be located near the intersection of the People's Militia Street, Zvenigorod Highway and Marshal Zhukov Avenue, in the Khoroshyovo-Mnyovniki District, North-Western Administrative Okrug.

The station is named after 3.8-km long People's Militia Street near which it will be located. Prior to 1922, there was Military Field in this area. Since 1948, there began mass construction of living houses. In 1948 there was formed 1st Street of October Field. In 1962-1963, during construction of five-storey buildings, there was formed new street. On September 22, 1963 there was opened trolleybus route №43 along this new street. On December 8, 1964 it was named People's Militia Street in the honour of 21st anniversary of the Soviet counter offensive during Battle of Moscow of 1941-1942 (in 1941 in Moscow were formed divisions of People's Militia who took part in the crushing defeat of the German troops near Soviet capital). In 1967 the 1st Street of October Field became part of the People's Militia Street. In 1974 there was opened monument to the People's Militiamen of Moscow at the intersection of the People's Militia Street and Marshal Zhukov Avenue (sculptor - Oleg Kiryukhin, architect - A. Yershov).

"Narodnoe Opolcheniye" will be shallow station. Currently detailed project of this station is not ready yet.

Monument to the People's Militiamen of Moscow (1974):

msk-h-m


kapuchin

"NIZHNIYE MNYOVNIKI"

"Nizhniye Mnyovniki" is a future station of the Third Interchange Contour of the Moscow Metro. It will be located near the Nizhniye Mnyovniki Street, in the Khoroshyovo-Mnyovniki District, North-Western Administrative Okrug.

The station is named after 3.4-km long Nizhniye Mnyovniki Street near which it will be located. Originally it was known as Central Street in the village of Mnyovniki. This village was firstly mentioned in 1646. There was wrote that in this village lived fishers who were engaged in catching of "men'" (Russian word for burbot). That's why these fishers were known as "mnyovniki". These burbots were supplied for the Tsar's dinner table. This fishers's village was damaged during French occupation of Moscow in 1812, but it was recovered in 19th century. In 1937, during the construction of Moscow-Volga Canal, larger part of village was cut off and became situated on the island. It became known as settlement of Nizhniye Mnyovniki (Lower Mnyovniki) while rest of village became known as Verkhniye Mnyovniki (Upper Mnyovniki). In 1940s Mnyovniki was included into city boundaries. In 1960s began resettlement of the residents of Nizhniye Mnyovniki from the island. In 1965 name of Central Street in Nizhniye Mnyovniki became no longer actual, and it was renamed into Nizhniye Mnyovniki Street.

The decision for construction of Metro station "Mnyovniki" near the intersection of the Zvenigorod Highway and Mnyoviniki Street was made according to the resolution of the city government on June 24, 2008. Originally it was planned to be built during first stage of the construction of the Third Interchange Contour. But on February 12, 2011 it was decided to waive from construction of Metro stations "Presnya", "Shelepikha" and "Mnyovniki" due to its location in industrial zone. In the summer of 2012 the place of location of future Metro station was changed. Currently detailed project of this station is not ready yet.

Moscow-Volga Canal (1937):

Expert

The old renders of the planned station "Mnyovniki":

Link


Link


Link


Link

"TEREKHOVO" / "PARK CHUDES"

"Terekhovo" (other project name - "Park Chudes" / "Park of Miracles") is a planned station of the Third Interchange Contour of the Moscow Metro. It will be located in the village of Terekhovo, in the Khoroshyovo-Mnyovniki District, North-Western Administrative Okrug.

The station is named after village in which it will be located. This village is known since 1644-1646. Its name is derived from Russian surname of Terekhov. There lived 156 inhabitants in the end of 18th century. The village was ravaged during French occupation of Moscow in 1812. In 1920s there lived 421 inhabitants. In 1931 in the village was established collective farm "Pioneer". In late-1940s village of Terekhovo was included into city boundaries, but it wasn't demolished unlike vast majority of other former villages. In 2012 its population was 86 inhabitants. Currently city officials have plans to demolish this village for general reconstruction of this area. There are plans to create amusement park under name "Park of Miracles" and to build Metro station to serve visitors of this park.

The decision about construction of Metro station "Terekhovo" wasn't made yet.

The village of Terekhovo:

russiantowns

"KUNTSEVSKAYA"

"Kuntsevskaya" is name of Moscow Metro stations near Rublyovskoye Highway, at the border of the Kuntsevo and Fili-Davydkovo Districts, Western Administrative Okrug. It is on the Line 3 and Line 4 serving as a cross-platform interchange between them and as a terminus of the latter.

The stations are named after district in which located. The village of Kuntsevo is known since 1454. In following years, it was ownership of Mstislavsky, Miloslavsky and Naryshkin noble families. In the 18th century, a palace and a park were built; they were often visited by the Empress Catherine the Great. Kuntsevo is the site of the Church of Theotokos Orans (built in 1913). In the 19th century, Kuntsevo became a summer resort for the Muscovites. A summer theater was opened in 1890. Artists and writers lived and worked in Kuntsevo; among them great Russian historian Nikolay Karamzin (1766-1826), great Russian writers Ivan Turgenev (1818-1883) and Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910), great Russian painters Alexey Savrasov (1830-1897), Vasily Perov (1834-1882) and Ivan Kramskoy (1837-1887), great Russian composer Pyotr Tchaikovsky (1840-1893). In 1865 estate of Kuntsevo was sold to Moscow enterpreneur Kozma Soldatyonkov (1818-1901). It belonged to his family till 1917. Kuntsevo became a town in its own right in 1926. Communist leaders started to settle in Kuntsevo in the 1920s. Joseph Stalin instructed his architect, Miron Merzhanov (1895-1975), to build him a cottage on the bank of the Moscow-River and moved there in 1934. With his move other members of the nomenklatura had their cottages built in the surroundings. Stalin conducted much of his business from his Blizhnyaya Dacha ("nearby cottage"). It was heavily protected and included a double-perimeter fence, camouflaged 30-millimeter antiaircraft guns, and a security force of three hundred NKVD special troops. On December 4, 1941 German troops reached Kuntsevo during the Battle of Moscow before being repulsed. Stalin died at the cottage in Kuntsevo on March 5, 1953. On August 17, 1960, Kuntsevo became a part of Moscow. After that, there began mass construction of the living houses in this area. Now a district of Moscow, it contains many factories, residential areas, and has a well-connected infrastructure. Kuntsevo is reported to be the location of the Strategic Missile Command center.

Metro station "Kuntsevskaya" originally opened on August 31, 1965, as part of the extension of the Filyovsky Radius of the Line 4, but on January 7, 2008, it was expanded and rebuilt as a part of the Strogino-Mitino extension of the Line 3. The 1965 construction was designed by Rimidalv Pogrebnoy to a standard design of the 1960s surface level stations, with two identical glazed vestibules on each side of the Rublyovo Highway, and two canopies extending over each of the platform ends supported by a single row of white marble pillars. The floor of platform is paved with asphalt. The 2008 reconstruction was designed by architect Alexander Vigdorov, and this added a new longer platform running parallel to the old one, larger modern vestibules, and extending the old platform to provide access over the Line 3's tracks via a glazed overpass. This was necessary as the old platform length was designed for the Filyovskaya's six-car-long trains, whilst the Line 3 presently operates seven-car-long trains, with likelihood of them being further lengthened to eight cars long.

Before reconstruction, "Kuntsevskaya" was operating on regular basis as any other station of the Moscow Metro, meaning that trains were passing right-hand side with access through the left door. It was directly connected to the "Pionerskaya" ("Pioneers") and "Molodyozhnaya" ("Youth") stations of the Line 4. The current operation differs in terms of servicing. That is, the new one-track platform gathers trains of Line 3 arriving from Metro station "Slavyanskiy Bulvar" ("Slavic Boulevard") and dispatches them to "Strogino". Line 3 trains moving in the opposite direction arrive at the southern track of the old platform, while the remaining track is used by Line 4 (trains coming from "Pionerskaya" arrive at the track and then head back to "Pionerskaya" from the same track). Architecturally the new platform sufficiently differs from its older neighbour which was the one of the last of the 1960s surface stations of the Moscow Metro, built at time when the minimum resources was spend on architecture and engineering. It includes two vestibules, the western one has its ticket hall outside, whilst the larger eastern one ecompasses it into one large structure, marble and granite as well as new metalloplastic materials of orange and brown tones are used. In the future it is planned that the older platform will also be upgraded with newer technology and decoration similar to its neighbour.

There are plans for reconstruction of this transfer node for adding of the station of Third Interchange Contour in the future.

The old and new "Kuntsevskaya":

Link


eugeny1988

In the distant future, Third Interchange Contour will be operate by following principle (this scheme is not accurate):

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Old February 3rd, 2013, 04:32 PM   #2720
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THE NORTHERN EXTENSION OF THE LINE 10

According to existing plans, Dmitrovsky Radius of the Line 10 is scheduled to be opened in 2014. The city authorities have plan to open six new stations at the path "Maryina Roshcha"-"Seligerskaya" (total length - 10.3 km) next year. However, as I wrote earlier, currently these plans look unrealistic. The matter is that major part of this radius is planned to be built deep-level. It will increase the cost and terms of the construction. In addition, Metro builders faced with big level of groundwaters during construction of the future stations of this radius. Currently construction of the majority of the tunnels between future stations is not started yet.

Now it's difficult to predict - when all stations of the Dmitrovsky Radius will be opened. It's not clear - will six future stations launched at same year or some of them will be opened later. This segment is the most laggard in the development program of the Moscow Metro. Given all this, I made a prediction that Dmitrovsky Radius will not open in 2014. More likely, in order to accelerate its construction, some station will be shallow and some stations will be missed. Earlier, I suggested that in 2015 will be opened half of the planned stations (three stations at the path "Maryina Roshcha" - "Petrovsko-Razumovskaya"), but even this prediction looks too optimistic.

Nevertheless, almost certainly all six stations will be opened within 2015-2020. After this, Line 10 planned to be extended on 3.7 km north with two more stations - "Ulitsa 800-letiya Moskvy" and "Dmitrovskoye Shosse".


"OKRUZHNAYA"

"Okruzhnaya" ("Circumferential") is a future station of the Line 10 of the Moscow Metro. It will be located near the Locomotive Driveway and railway station "Okruzhnaya" of the Savyolovo direction of the Moscow Railway, in the Timiryazevsky District, Northern Administrative Okrug.

The station is named after Moscow Little Ring Railway near which it will be located. The Moscow Little Ring Railway is a ring-shaped railway which encircles the center of the city of Moscow, Russia. It was built between 1903 and 1908 and is currently used for cargo traffic. The railroad is operated by the Moscow Railway, a subsidiary of the Russian Railways. Originally, the railroad has seventeen stations and was used for passenger connections. The station buildings are constructed in the same style and are referred to as typical samples of Russian industrial architecture of the beginning of the 20th century (architects - Alexander Pomerantsev and Nikolay Markovnikov). Station designs by Alexander Pomerantsev (1849-1918) mixed motifs of Vienna Secession, Victorian Gothic and traditional eclectisism leaning to neoclassicism yet were clearly styled as a cohesive ensemble. All were built in unfinished red brick with white decorative inserts in line with industrial architecture of the period. As of 2012, twelve railway stations operated at the railroad. The total length of the ring is 54 kilometres.

In 1806, the Kamer Collegium Rampart became the official outer border of Moscow. In 1879, some areas, including Sokolniki, were appended to the city. However, at the time Moscow was encircled by a number of settlements, which formed the agglomeration and had poor transport connections to each other. A number of proposals to build a ring railroad around the center were made in the 1860s and the 1870s. One such project was rejected in 1877 by the Moscow City Council which cited inefficiency. However, the transportation problems became more obvious, and in 1898 after Emperor Nicholas II sent a message declaring that it was desirable to built a railroad, a project competition was opened. The project by Pyotr Rashevsky, who proposed to build a ring of the total length of 54.4 kilometres, won the competition. The construction started in 1903, and the railway was completed in 1907. The first train run in July 1907. On August 1, 1908, the railroad was declared to be completed, and it became part of the Nicholas Railway (now October Railway), of which the main line run between Moscow and Saint Petersburg. Passenger service was organized. There were four trains per day. The trains first stopped in Nicholas Rail Terminal (now Leningrad Rail Terminal), got to the ring at the "Presnya" station, and then separated into two, one train running clockwise, and the other one running counterclockwise. The Direction of the Nicholas Railway was located in Saint Petersburg, and thus it was inconvenient for decision making. In 1916, the ring railway was transferred to the Moscow-Kursk Railway. By the end of 1920s, there was organized reliable tram and bus operation in the areas near this railway. As result, in 1934 passenger service was terminated, and ring railway became a separate railroad. In 1959 it was included to the Moscow Railway. Between 1917 and 1960, the Moscow Little Ring Railway served as the border of the city of Moscow. In 1960, the Moscow Automobile Ring Road (MKAD) was almost completed, and the city was extended up to this new beltway. The Little Ring Railway currently serves industrial enterprises located outside the center of Moscow. Many of these went bankrupt as the result of the economic crisis of the 1990s, or else were or are planned to be relocated outside of Moscow. Instead, there were plans to reopen passenger traffic, which would bypass the congested city center. There are thirteen Moscow Metro stations located close to the Little Ring Railway, as well as eight passenger railway stations. In 2008, the plans were signed by the Moscow authorities and the Russian Railways. According to the plans, passenger service should have been opened in 2010 at the stretch between "Presnya" and "Kanatchikovo" stations. These plans were never realized and are currently shelved. By 2015, the whole ring should have been made available for passenger service.

Since July 2011 began construction of the tunnels from "Petrovsko-Razumovskaya" in direction to future "Okruzhnaya" station, these works are held by drilling and blasting method. In November 2011 there were started preparation works and removal of the communication utilities from the territory of the construction of Metro station "Okruzhnaya". In May 2012 there was published information that station "Okruzhnaya" will be missed. It will be built structurally, with one emergency exit from the southern end. According to this information, the station will remain unfinished before the opening of the passenger service at the Moscow Little Ring Railway and organization of the transport terminal on its basis. In November 2012 were started pile-drilling works.

The architects of the station are Nikolay Shumakov (project leader), Alexander Nekrasov, Galina Mun and Vladimir Filippov. "Okruzhnaya" will be deep-level three-vaulted station of the pylon type. The five lines of the light fixtures which will be hang near the vault of central hall along the longitudinal axis of station will be remind about nearest railway. The track walls will be lined with aluminum panels, the pylons will be faced with golden-yellow marble "Indus Gold", while the floor will be paved with granite. The station will be have two underground vestibules. The northern vestibule with be linked with underpass. There will be formed system of exits to the Locomotive Driveway, Station Street, Signal Driveway, railway station "Okruzhnaya" and future North-Western chordial road. Also, there are plans to build railway station "Savyolovskaya" of the Moscow Little Ring Railway near the future Metro station "Okruzhnaya". The southern vestibule will be linked with the underpass with exit leading to the Hotel Driveway.

August 28, 2012. The construction of Metro station "Okruzhnaya":

Night City Dream


Night City Dream

December 3, 2012:

Vandoz


Vandoz


Vandoz


Metroblog


Metroblog


Metroblog
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