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Old February 3rd, 2013, 04:33 PM   #2721
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"VERKHNIYE LIKHOBORY"

"Verkhniye Likhobory" (projected name - "Likhobory") is a future station of the Line 10 of the Moscow Metro. It will be located near the intersection of the Dmitrov Highway and Beskudnikovo Boulevard, at the border of Beskudnikovsky and Western Degunino Districts, Northern Administrative Okrug.

The station is named after former village in which it will be located. Prior to 17th century, there was wasteland Sobakino in this area. In the first half of 18th century, there was opened relay station at the Dmitrov Road. As result, this wasteland was settled by peasants and the village of Verkniye Likhobory was appeared in this place. There lived 137 inhabitants in 1770. The villages of Verkhniye Likhobory (Upper Likhobory) and Nizhniye Likhobory (Lower Likhobory) were separated by small Likhoborka River. In the second half of 19th century, there were opened few brickyards, school (1876) and library in the village of Verkhniye Likhobory. In 1908 there was opened ring railway between the villages of Verkhniye Likhobory and Nizhniye Likhobory. In 1917 this railway became official border of the city of Moscow, and neighboring village of Nizhniye Likhobory was included into city boundaries. After October Revolution of 1917, Verkhniye Likhobory became industrialized. There was opened collective farm "Victory" (1930) as well as few industrial enterprises. As result, its population rapidly grew - 246 inhabitants in 1926, 1753 inhabitants in 1939 and more than 2500 inhabitants in 1960. On August 17, 1960 village of Verkhniye Likhobory was included into city boundaries. After this, there began mass construction of living houses with demolition of the former village.

The decision to built Metro station "Verkhniye Likhobory" was made in 2007. In December 2010 there began preparation of the construction site of Metro station "Verkhniye Likhobory". In April 2011 were started geodetic works in this area. In July 2011 was started construction of station. In December 2011 there began removal of the communication utilities from the territory of the construction. In September 2012 were started pile-drilling works.

The architects of the station are Nikolay Shumakov (project leader), Alexander Nekrasov, Galina Mun and Vladimir Filippov. "Verkhniye Likhobory" will be deep-level three-vaulted station of the pylon type. The main light sources in the central hall will be stained-glasses. It also will be serve as facing surfaces of the pylons. The track walls will be lined with aluminum panels, the pylon will be faced with marble "Iron Red", while the floor will be paved with granite. The station will be have two underground vestibules which will be linked with underpasses under the Dmitrov Highway. The northern underpass will be have exits near intersection of the Dmitrov Highway and Ilmen Driveway, the southern underpass - exits near the intersection of the Dmitrov Highway and Beskudnikovo Boulevard.

January 27, 2013. The construction of Metro station "Verkhniye Likhobory":

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Old February 3rd, 2013, 04:33 PM   #2722
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METRO DEPOT "LIKHOBORY"

"Likhobory" is a future Metro depot of the Line 10 of the Moscow Metro. It will be located near railway station "NATI" of the Leningrad direction of the October Railway, in the Western Degunino District, Northern Administrative Okrug.

The station is named after former village in which it will be located. Currently only one Metro depot "Pechatniki" №15 in the southern part of Moscow serves Line 10. That's why second Metro depot will be necessary after planned northern extension of the Line 10. The planned area of Metro depot is 18 hectares. It will It will be located near railway station "NATI" (opened in 1946) which is named after Research Auto Tractor Institute (NATI). The project of the construction of Metro depot "Likhobory" is not ready yet.

The decision about construction of Metro depot "Likhobory" was made in the autumn of 2005. In 2012 there began removal of the communication utilities from the territory of the construction.

It's interesting that in 2008 appeared plan for construction of Metro station "NATI" at the branch line to Metro depot "Likhobory". This project was new for Moscow Metro. There planned to be only one track way. As result, it would lead to formation of the three routes at the Dmitrovsky Radius on the Line 10. The main reason for such controversial project was decision of the city government about development of the area near railway station "NATI". There would planned to be railway transfer node between Leningrad direction of the October Railway and Moscow Little Ring Railway. Also, there were plans for construction of the bus terminal in this area. The analog of the project of Metro station "NATI" at post-Soviet space is Metro station "Bakmil" in Baku, which was opened on September 25, 1970. The station was built in industrial zone near Metro depot and was known as Metro station "Depovskaya" ("Depot") in 1970-1979. It was built for transportation of the workers in peak hours (according to special schedule). In 1978-1979 this Metro station was reconstructed and opened on March 28, 1979 as "Elektrozavodskaya" ("Electricity Plant"). In 1992, it was renamed into "Bakmil" ("Baku-Milan") in the honour of the nearest joint Azerbaijani-Italian enterprise - the plant for manufacturing of air conditioners.

Currently there are no plans to build Metro station "NATI" near Metro depot "Likhobory".

June 27, 2009. The railway station "NATI" of the Leningrad direction of the October Railway:

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Wikipedia

April 3, 2010. Metro station "Bakmil" in Baku:

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Old February 3rd, 2013, 04:34 PM   #2723
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May 25, 2012. Likhoborka River:

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The preparation works at the construction site of Metro depot "Likhobory":

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June 4, 2012:

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Old February 3rd, 2013, 04:35 PM   #2724
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"SELIGERSKAYA"

"Seligerskaya" ("Seliger") is a future northern terminal station of the Line 10 of the Moscow Metro. It will be located near the intersection of the Dmitrov Highway and Korovino Highway, in the Beskudnikovsky District, Northern Administrative Okrug.

The station is named after 1.4-km long Seliger Street near which it will be located. This street was named on December 3, 1966 in the memory of the heroic battles of the units of the Kalinin Front near Lake Seliger which led to crushing defeat of the German troops in the Battle of Moscow of 1941-1942. Seliger is a lake in Tver Region and, in the extreme northern part, Novgorod Region in the northwest of the Valdai Hills, a part of the Volga basin. Absolute height: 205 m, area 212 km², average depth 5.8 m. Lake Seliger begins dating in Russian chronicles in 12th-13th centuries. Seliger is a large system of lakes linked by effluents, has many small islands and is surrounded by forests, including pine woods with many berries and mushrooms. Seliger is situated within a picturesque landscape of forests and hills. The lake is a protected nature reserve and is sometimes known as the "European Baikal" due to the diversity of its unique flora and fauna, similar to Lake Baikal in Siberia. Ostashkov is the only town on the lake and is one of the most popular resorts in central Russia.

For the first time, this station appeared at the general plan of 1965. According to the general plan of 1971, this station planned to be built at the branch line of the future Timiryazevsky Radius from Metro station "Petrovsko-Razumovskaya". Originally it was planned that this station will be built at shallow depth. However, due to difficult urban and geological situation in this area, its project was changed few times. The construction of this station was started in 1978-1979, but it was stopped in 1980. After that, the foundation pit was filled up. The construction was resumed only in December 2010 when there began preparation works. That year it was decided to built this station at the big depth, because in opposite case it would be necessary to limit road operation at the part of Dmitrov Highway. In April 2011 were started geodetic works in this area. In July 2011 was started construction of station. In May 2012 were started pile-drilling works.

The architects of the station are Nikolay Shumakov (project leader), Alexander Nekrasov, Galina Mun and Vladimir Filippov. According to original plans, "Seligerskaya" should to be deep-level three-vaulted station of the pylon type. The track walls were planned to be lined with aluminum panels, the pylons were planned be faced with blue marble "Вlue Sodalite" (it should to remind about Lake Seliger). The floor planned to be paved with granite. The station will be have two underground vestibules. The northern vestibule will be have exits at the intersection of the Korovino Highway and Pyalovskaya Street. The southern vestibule will be linked with underpass under the Dmitrov Highway. There will be built exit to the Tumanyan Square.

However, during construction, Metro builders faced with big level of groundwaters in this area. As result, construction was slowed. In the summer-autumn of 2012, in order to accelerate pace of the construction and to reduce cost of construction of the Dmitrovsky Radius, it was decided to made "Seligerskaya" shallow-type station (depth - 28 metres). As result, there began preparation of the new construction site for foundation pit. More likely, its project will be changed and it will be replaced with standard project for the shallow three-vaulted station of the column type.

January 16, 2013. The construction of Metro station "Seligerskaya":

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Old February 3rd, 2013, 04:36 PM   #2725
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"ULITSA 800-LETIYA MOSKVY"

"Ulitsa 800-letiya Moskvy" ("Street of the 800-anniversary of Moscow") is a future station of the Line 10 of the Moscow Metro. It will be located near the intersection of the Dmitrov Highway and Street of the 800-anniversary of Moscow, at the border of the Beskudnikovsky, Dmitrovsky and Eastern Degunino Districts, Northern Administrative Okrug.

The station is named after 3-km long street near which it will be located. This street was named "Ulitsa 800 let Moskvy" (Street of the 800 Years of Moscow) in 1947 when celebrated 800th anniversary of the Soviet capital. Originally it was central street of the workers' settlement of Beskudnikovo in Moscow Region. On August 17, 1960 Beskudnikovo was included into city boundaries. In 1972 was adopted a current form of its name - Ulitsa 800-letiya Moskvy (Street of the 800-anniversary of Moscow).

Originally Metro station had project name "Yubileynaya" ("Jubilee"), also in the honour of this street. In February 2012 it was declared that preliminary works at this segment will be started after few months. On May 28, 2012 the city government issued decree to rename this station into "Ulitsa 800-letiya Moskvy" ("Street of the 800-anniversary of Moscow"). In November 2012 were started geodetic works in this area. The detailed project of this station is not ready yet.

"Ulitsa 800-letiya Moskvy" will be shallow two-vaulted station of the column type. The station will be have two underground vestibules. The northern vestibule will be located directly at the intersection of the Dmitrov Highway and Street of the 800-anniversary of Moscow, the southern vestibule - south of this intersection.

January 16, 2013. The geodetic works near the future Metro station "Ulitsa 800-letiya Moskvy":

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"DMITROVSKOYE SHOSSE"

"Dmitrovskoye Shosse" ("Dmitrov Highway") is a future station of the Line 10 of the Moscow Metro. It will be located near the Dmitrov Highway, at the border of the Lianozovo District of North-Eastern Administrative Okrug and Eastern Degunino District of Northern Administrative Okrug.

The station is named after 15.5-km long highway near which it will be located. The road in direction to the ancient town of Dmitrov is known since 14th century. In 17th century it mentioned as Dmitrovka. In 19th century Dmitrov Road was turned into highway and became known as Dmitrov Highway. There are located three existing stations of the Line 9 ("Dmitrovskaya", "Timiryazevskaya", "Petrovsko-Razumovskaya") as well as five future stations of the Line 10 ("Petrovsko-Razumovskaya", "Verkhniye Likhobory", "Seligerskaya", "Ulitsa 800-letiya Moskvy" and "Dmitrovskoye Shosse") at the Dmitrov Highway.

Dmitrov is a town and the administrative center of Dmitrovsky District of Moscow Region, located 65 kilometres to the north of Moscow on the Yakhroma River and the Moscow Canal. Population: 61.305 (2010 Census); 62.219 (2002 Census); 65.237 (1989 Census). Dmitrov was founded by Grand Prince of Kiev Yury Dolgoruky (1090s-1157) in 1154 deep in the woods at the site where his son Vsevolod (1154-1212) was born. Its name is explained by the fact that Vsevolod's patron saint was Saint Demetrius (Dmitry). In the 13th century, the town marked a point where converged the borders of the principalities of Moscow, Tver and Pereslavl-Zalessky. The town itself belonged to the princes of Galich-Mersky, located much to the north, until 1364, when it was incorporated into Grand Duchy of Moscow. Both Prince of Moscow Dmitry Donskoy (1350-1389) and his grandson Vasily II (1415-1462) granted Dmitrov as an appanage to their younger sons, so the town was a capital of a tiny principality. In 1374, it achieved town status. The reign of Ivan III's son Yury Ivanovich (1503–1533) inaugurated the golden age of Dmitrov. It is during his reign that the black-domed Assumption Cathedral in the Dmitrov Kremlin and a smaller monastery cathedral of Sts. Boris and Gleb were built. Thereafter, the town passed to Yuri's brother, Andrey of Staritsa. In 1569, it was seized from Vladimir of Staritsa, added to the Oprichnina and consequently declined. The town suffered further damage during the Time of Troubles, when it was ransacked by the Polish aggressors. In 1812, Dmitrov was briefly occupied by the Napoléon's Grande Armée but in 1941 the Wehrmacht soldiers were stopped on the outskirts of the town. The Anarchist prince Peter Kropotkin (1842-1921) spent his last years there. In the 1930s, the local kremlin was excavated by Soviet archaeologists. Apart from the Assumption Cathedral, chief landmarks of the Dmitrovsky District are the cloisters of Sts. Boris and Gleb, of St. Nicholas on the Peshnosha River, and of the Virgin's Nativity at Medvezhya Pustyn', all three dating back to the 16th century.

The plans for construction of Metro station near railway station "Lianozovo" appeared in 2011. Originally this Metro station had project name "Degunino" in the honour of district in which it will be located. On May 28, 2012 the city government issued decree to rename this station into "Dmitrovskoye Shosse" ("Dmitrov Highway"). In November 2012 were started geodetic works in this area. The detailed project of this station is not ready yet.

"Dmitrovskoye Shosse" will be shallow two-vaulted station of the column type. The station will be have two underground vestibules. The northern vestibule will be linked with underpass between Lobnya Street and Dolgoprudny Street. The southern vestibule will be located south of intersection of the Dmitrov Highway and Lobnya Street.

November 19, 2012. The geodetic works near the future Metro station "Dmitrovskoye Shosse":

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Old February 3rd, 2013, 04:37 PM   #2726
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THE NORTHERN EXTENSION OF THE LINE 2. "TEKHNOPARK" STATION.

Also, there are plans to extend the Line 2 on 2.4 km north with two new stations - "Belomorskaya" and Ulitsa Dybenko". The new stations will be serve local residents as well as residents of the neighboring city of Khimki (population: 207.425 inhabitants) and other cities in Moscow Region. Possibly, that these two stations will be opened earlier, in 2014-2015 to compensate for the lag in the construction of the northern radius of the Line 10.

It's possible that in 2016-2020 there will be opened new station "Tekhnopark" on the existing Metro track of the Line 2. This station is planned to be opened near technology park. If it will be built, its construction will be fully funded by private money. Currently, the future of this station depends entirely on the desire of private investors.


"BELOMORSKAYA"

"Belomorskaya" ("White Sea") is a future station of the Line 2 of the Moscow Metro. It will be located near the intersection of the White Sea Street and Smolnaya Street, in the Levoberezhny District, Northern Administrative Okrug.

The station is named after 1.4-km long White Sea Street near which it will be located. This street was named on April 18, 1964 due to location in the northern part of city in the honour of White Sea, White Sea–Baltic Canal (constructed in 1931-1933; opened on August 5, 1933) and Belomorsk town (founded in 1938) in Republic of Karelia on the shore of the White Sea. Prior to 1964, this street was known as projected driveway #3670. The White Sea is a southern inlet of the Barents Sea located on the northwest coast of Russia. It is surrounded by Karelia to the west, the Kola Peninsula to the north, and the Kanin Peninsula to the northeast. The whole of the White Sea is under Russian sovereignty and considered to be part of the internal waters of Russia. Administratively, it is divided between Arkhangelsk and Murmansk Regions and the Republic of Karelia. The major port of Arkhangelsk is located on the White Sea. For much of Russia's history this was Russia's main centre of international maritime trade, conducted by the so-called Pomors ("seaside settlers") from Kholmogory. In the modern era it became an important Soviet naval and submarine base. The White Sea-Baltic Canal connects the White Sea with the Baltic Sea. The White Sea is one of four seas named in English after common colour terms - the others being the Black Sea, the Red Sea and the Yellow Sea.

The sea was known to the Novgorod people since at least the 11th century and was rapidly explored because of its commercial significance for navigation and coastal forests rich in fur animals. One of the earliest settlements near the sea shores was established in the late 14th century in Kholmogory, on the Northern Dvina River. From there, in 1492, a merchant fleet laden with grain and carrying ambassadors of Grand Prince of All Russia Ivan III (1440-1505) sailed to Denmark, marking the establishment of the first international seaport in Russia. The first foreign ship to arrive in Kholmogory was the English "Edward Bonaventure" commanded by Richard Chancellor. Together with two other ships under the command of Hugh Willoughby, they were seeking a northern route to the Indies, especially India and China. The expedition was sponsored by King Edward VI (1537-1553) and a group of about 240 English merchants and was authorised to establish trade connections. The ships of Willoughby were separated and the other two were lost at sea, but "Edward Bonaventure" managed to pass the White Sea and reach Kholmogory, from where Chancellor was escorted to Moscow to meet the Russian Tsar, Ivan the Terrible (1530-1584). Returning from Russia in 1554, Chancellor brought a detailed description of Moscow and the Russian north, which were largely unknown to Europe, as well as a letter from the Tsar expressing desire to establish trade relations with England. In 1555, Queen Mary (1516-1558) issued a charter authorising the Muscovy Company to trade with Russia via the White Sea route. The English ships were soon followed by Dutch, and the port of Kholmogory became busy with shipments of fur and fish. Local and foreign shops and factories were established in the city at that time. The port was reinforced with a fortress which sustained a siege by the Polish-Lithuanian aggressors in 1613. Increasing traffic was overloading the port, which was standing on shallow river waters and had a limited ship capacity. However, instead of expanding the old port, a new one, called New Kholmogory, was founded on the sea shores in 1584 and later became the city of Arkhangelsk. Between the 15th and early 18th centuries, the White Sea provided the major trade route to Russia. This role decreased later with the foundation of Saint Petersburg, which opened a more favorable connection via the Baltic Sea. From the 1920s, most Russian sea shipments were diverted from the White Sea to the new port of Murmansk, where the waters did not freeze in winter. The sea hosts more than 700 species of invertebrates, about 60 species of fish, and 5 species of marine mammals. The fishing industry is relatively small, mostly targeting harp seal, ringed seal, herring, saffron cod, European smelt, Atlantic cod and Atlantic salmon. There is a developing seaweed industry. The White Sea is an important traffic centre of northwestern Russia, interconnecting various economic regions and providing an outlet to the foreign routes. The White Sea–Baltic Canal links it through Onega Lake to the Baltic Sea and the major city and port of Saint Petersburg. The Baltic Sea, in turn, is connected by the Volga–Baltic Waterway to the Volga River, Black, Caspian, and Azov seas. The major ports on the White Sea are Arkhangelsk, Belomorsk, Kandalaksha, Kem, Mezen, Onega, Severodvinsk and Umba. Despite being frozen in winter, the sea remains navigable all year around because of deployment of icebreakers.

The northwestern extension of the Line 2 from Metro station "Sokol" was planned even in 1938. There were plans to extend Line 2 along the Leningrad Highway to the future Metro station "Khimki". However, the construction of Metro station "Belomorskaya" was not planned. In 1947 were confirmed plans of 1938 for northwestern extension of the Line 2. In 1957 this station appeared in plans under name "Belomorskaya Ulitsa" ("White Sea Street"). In 1959 Council of Ministers of the USSR approved plan for construction of Metro lines for next seven years (1959-1965). On December 31, 1964, according to this plan, the Line 2 was extended northwest with three stations - "Voykovskaya" ("Pyotr Voykov"), "Vodny Stadion" ("Water Stadium") and "Rechnoy Vokzal" ("River Terminal"). According to the plan of 1970, the Line 2 shoulded be extend to the railway station "Levoberezhnaya". In 1973 appeared perspective scheme at which were marked three planned stations - "Belomorskaya" ("White Sea"), "Ulitsa Dybenko" ("Dybenko Street") and "Levoberezhnaya" ("Left-Bank"). In 1978 it was decided to postpone construction of this segment in order to accelerate construction of the Line 9. In 1990s city authorities refused from construction of Metro station "Levoberezhnaya". So, at the perspective scheme of 1998 Metro station "Ulitsa Dybenko" was marked as future northern terminus of the Line 2.

In November 2007 it was reported that in 2015 the Line 2 will be extended to the Khovrino and Levoberezhny Districts. In June 2011 new Mayor of Moscow Sergey Sobyanin that the opening of two future stations is planned for 2014-2017. In 2011 was planned to open these stations in 2016, in May 2012 this opening was rescheduled for December 2019, in December 2012 - for December 2014. This extension should to improve transport communication in the adjacent territories of Moscow and Moscow Region near the Leningrad Highway.

"Belomorskaya" will be shallow three-vaulted station of the column type. The detailed project of this station is not ready yet.


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May 2010. The approximate location of Metro station "Belomorskaya":

Wikipedia

"ULITSA DYBENKO"

"Ulitsa Dybenko" ("Dybenko Street") is a future northwestern terminal station of the Line 2 of the Moscow Metro. It will be located near the intersection of the Dybenko Street and Zelenograd Street, not so far from Moscow Automobile Ring Road (MKAD) and October Railway, in the Khovrino District, Northern Administrative Okrug.

The station is named after 1.4-km long Dybenko Street near which it will be located. This street was named on April 18, 1964 in the honour of Russian revolutionary and a leading Soviet officer Pavel Dybenko (1889-1938). In 1960s, there began mass construction of the living houses in this area. Prior to 1964, this street was known as projected driveway #4934.

"Ulitsa Dybenko" will be shallow three-vaulted station of the column type. The station will be built with two underground vestibules which will be linked with underpasses under the Dybenko Street. The detailed project of this station is not ready yet.


Link

"TEKHNOPARK":

"Tekhnopark" ("Technology Park") is a planned station of the Line 2 of the Moscow Metro. The station will be located near the Andropov Avenue, in the Nagatinsky Zaton District, Southern Administrative Okrug. It will be built on existing Metro track between stations "Avtozavodskaya" ("Automotive Plant"; opened on January 1, 1943) and "Kolomenskaya" (opened on August 11, 1969) near the Nagatinsky combined auto and Metro bridge (1969).

The station is named after "Nagatino i-Land" technology park near which it will be located. This complex is located 8 km south of Kremlin, 1.8 km of Third Transport Ring and 100 metres of Andropov Avenue. It being built on the former territories of ZIL automotive plant. The total area is 32 hectares. Prior of 20th century, there were Emperor's hunting lands. On August 2, 1916 there was held solemn service and breaking ground of the AMO (Moscow Automotive Society) automobile factory. On October 1, 1931 the factory changed its name to Stalin Plant (Zavod Imeni Stalina - ZIS). In 1945 there was launched manufacturing of the government's high-end limousine ZIS-110. On June 26, 1956, after Nikita Khrushchev denounced the cult of personality of Joseph Stalin, the name was changed again to Likhachev Plant (Zavod Imeni Likhacheva - ZIL), after its former director Ivan Likhachev (1896-1956). In 1974 a million ZIL-130 truck was assembled. In 2003 was started preparation and implementation of the project "Moscow city technopark Nagatino i-Land". In 2006 began first stage of the construction of "Nagatino i-Land". In 2009 there were put into commission the first buildings of the first construction stage of the technology park. On September 14, 2010 was held ceremonial opening of the first construction stage of "Nagatino i-Land". In 2012 was started the second construction stage. The second stage is planned to be completed in 2014. The whole complex is planned to be built in five stages. Its construction planned to be finished in 2016.

In 1969, during construction of the "Avtozavodskaya"-"Kolomenskaya" path, there was remained opportunity for construction of Metro station "Park imeni 60-letiya Oktyabrya" ("Park named after 60 Years of October") at this place. However, this station was not built due to lack of necessary - there was no any residential area as well as organisations and enterprises nearby. Only in mid-2000s in Nagatinskaya floodplain, on the former territories of ZIL automotive factory, was began construction of "Nagatino i-Land" - technology park, which will include business centre, hotel, trade centre and few entertainment venues. The idea to built Metro station near the future technology park appeared in 2004. In June 2006 it was planned to built Metro station on the funds of private investors (owners of "Nagatino i-Land"). The date of beginning of construction was constantly put off. In August 2010 city authorities promised to start construction in 2011 and to open station in 2012. In August 2011 the opening was rescheduled for 2016, in May 2012 - for December 2018, in December 2012 - for 2015. Currently there is no any construction works at this site. According to agreement, investors must fully fund the construction of this station from own budget.

The project of Metro station "Tekhnopark" was presented in August 2009. The architects of the station are Alexander Orlov and Alexander Nekrasov. "Tekhnopark" will be ground-level station of the closed-type with side platforms. It will be built without limitation of the passenger operation on existing track. This station will be have two ground-level vestibules, the southern vestibule will be built as emergency exit.

"Nagatino i-Land":



September 14, 2010. The ceremonial opening of the first construction stage of "Nagatino i-Land":


2010. Nagatinsky combined auto and Metro bridge (Line 2):

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Old February 3rd, 2013, 04:38 PM   #2727
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THE NORTHERN EXTENSION OF THE LINE 6

There exists plans to extend the Line 6 on 3.7 km north to the city of Mytishchi in Moscow Region.

"CHELOBITYEVO"

"Chelobityevo" is a planned station of the Line 6 of the Moscow Metro. The station will be located near the Ostashkovskoye Highway, in the Mytishchinsky District, Moscow Region.

The station is named after village of Chelobityevo in which it will be located. Chelobityevo is a village in the Mytishchinsky District (the one of 36 districts in Moscow Region). This village is known since 15th century. In the mid-18th century, there lived 95 men and 97 women. Its current population is 466 inhabitants.

The plans for extension of the Line 6 beyond the Moscow Automobile Ring Road beltway were declared in 1965. In general plan of 1971 were marked two planned Metro stations in Mytishchi, but not in Chelobityevo. In 1985 Moscow's Urban Rapid-Transit planning body - "Metrogiprotrans" suggested a set of four chordial lines, including Solntsevo-Mytishchinskaya Line. However the Soviet Union collapsed before any of those projects could be realised. In 1990s appeared plans for construction of Metro station and Metro depot in Chelobityevo. In 1992-1993 "Chelobityevo" was marked as future station at the official Moscow Metro map. However, this project was postponed very soon. In 2012 it was declared that new station will be open in 2015. The reasons for construction of stations at this place are presence of the large trade stores (IKEA, "Auchan", "Crocus Expo", "Leroy Merlin", "Mytishchi Fair", etc) and plans for construction of Metro depot in the village of Chelobityevo.

The project of this station is not ready yet.


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"MYTISHCHI-BORISOVKA"

"Mytishchi-Borisovka" is a planned station of the Line 6 of the Moscow Metro. The station will be located near the Borisovka Street between its intersections with Sukromka Street and Nina Raspopova Boulevard, in the Mytishchi city, Moscow Region.

The station is named after city in which it will be located. Mytishchi is a city and the administrative center of Mytishchinsky District of Moscow Region, which lies to the northeast of Russia's capital Moscow, on the Yauza River and the Moscow–Yaroslavl railroad. Population: 173.160 (2010 Census); 159.900 (2002 Census); 154.068 (1989 Census); 125.000 (1973); 60.000 (1939. The city is the region's largest center for industry (machine building, arms industry in particular) and education. The first settlement of ancient people (hunters and fishermen) is dated to the 6th–8th millennia BCE, i.e. in the late Stone Age. In the 8th–9th centuries, first Slavic tribes (Vyatichs and Krivichs) began settling here. In and around the Mytishchi district about a dozen of such settlements (11th–13th centuries) are known. The settlement of Mytishchi has been known since 1460, since the 19th century as Big Mytishchi. The history of the village is closely linked to the Yauza port. Mytishchi was an important place on the trade ship route. Through this site commercial ships had been hauled across on wheels, rollers, or skids from the Yauza River to the Klyazma River. Merchants had to pay a duty for this. The settlement got its name thanks to the duty, which had been known as "myt". Mytishchi is famous for its aqueduct (1779-1804), built in the 18th century by order of the Russian Empress Catherine the Great (1729-1796). It was the first water supply constructed in Russia to provide the Kremlin with pure water. In the middle of the 19th century, the population of the village was 389. In 1862 there was built Moscow–Yaroslavl railroad. Town status was granted on August 17, 1925. In the 20th century, Mytischi became region's largest center for industry (machine building, arms industry in particular) and education. Its population rapidly grew: 10.600 (1926); 60.100 (1939); 98.700 (1959); 111.000 (1964); 119.000 (1970); 125.000 (1973); 141.000 (1979); 154.068 (1989 Census); 159.900 (2002 Census); 173.160 (2010 Census). There located engineering company "Metrowagonmash" which produce dump trucks, rail buses, as well as subway cars for Moscow, Sofia, Kazan and other Russian and foreign cities.

According to the plan of 2011, there should to be built only Metro station and Metro depot in Chelobityevo. However, in June 2012 city authorities made decision about construction of Metro station "Mytishchi-Borisovka" at the site where it never planned before. There began preparation works at the future construction site. However, in September 2012 its construction was postponed on indefinite period.

July 28, 2012. The preparation works at the future construction site:

Андрей Суриков

September 4, 2012:

Битцевский панк

September 24, 2012:

Битцевский панк

October 21, 2012:

Битцевский панк


Битцевский панк


Битцевский панк

November 10, 2012:

Битцевский панк

November 24, 2012:

Битцевский панк


Битцевский панк
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Old February 3rd, 2013, 04:39 PM   #2728
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THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE STATIONS ON THE RING LINE 5

The exists plans for construction of the two stations on the legendary Moscow Metro's Ring Line 5. Due to obvious technical difficulties of such works (construction of the station on existing deep-level Metro track without stopping of passenger operation, with construction of transfers to other deep-level stations), these stations will be not opened soon. More probably, it will be completed only after 2018.

"SUVOROVSKAYA"

"Suvorovskaya" ("Alexander Suvorov") is a planned station of the Ring Line 5 of the Moscow Metro. The station will be located near the southern part of the Suvorov Square, on the border of Tverskoy and Meshchansky Districts, Central Administrative Okrug. It will be have transfer to Metro station "Dostoyevskaya" on the Line 10 ("Fyodor Dostoyevsky"; opened on June 19, 2010).

The station is named after Suvorov Square near which it will be located. It had project names "Ploshchad Kommuny" ("Commune Square") and "Ploshchad Suvorova" ("Suvorov Square"), both in the honour of same square. Before 15th century, there was riverbed of Naprudnya River at the place of this square. The development of the territory along the flow of Naprudnaya River began in 16th century. In 1640 there was built Church of St. John the Warrior. In the second half of 18th century was built estate of Count Vladimir Saltykov near the church. There was built park near estate. In 1777 Russian Empress Catherine the Great (1729-1796) bought this estate, and there was opened House of Invalides. In 1807 there was opened Catherine Institute for Noble Maidens in the former Saltykov's estate. In 1818 there was built Catherine Square and was created Catherine Park near the institute. In 1919 the square was renamed into Commune Square in the honour of the Paris Commune of 1871. In 1920s-1930s this square was radically rebuilt. Naprudnaya River was channeled underground, Church of St. John the Warrior was demolished. In 1918-1928 the building of Catherine Institute was rebuilt, there was opened Central House of the Red Army (now Cultural Center of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation named after Mikhail Frunze). In 1934-1940 there was built large building of the Central House of the Red Army (now Central Academic Theatre of the Russian Army, architects - Karo Alabyan and Vasily Simbirtsev) at the northern side of square. In 1947 at the place of church was built Hotel CDKA (Frunze Central House of the Red Army), now Hotel "Slavianka". In 1960 there was opened bust of major Red Army commander in the Russian Civil War Mikhail Frunze (1885-1925) near the entrance to Central House of the Soviet Army (sculptor - Yevgeny Vuchetich). On February 17, 1982 there was opened monument to Alexander Suvorov in the centre of the Commune Square (sculptor - Oleg Komov). In 1992 the square was renamed into Suvorov Square.

Alexander Suvorov (1730–1800), Count Suvorov of Rymnik, Prince of Italy, Count of the Holy Roman Empire, was a Generalissimo of the Russian Empire. Suvorov is sometimes considered to be one of the few generals in history who never lost a battle (63-0). He was famed for his military manual "The Science of Victory" and noted for several of his sayings, including "What is difficult in training will become easy in a battle", "The bullet is a mad thing; only the bayonet knows what it is about", and "Perish yourself but rescue your comrade!". He taught his soldiers to attack instantly and decisively: "Attack with the cold steel! Push hard with the bayonet!" He joked with the men, calling common soldiers "brother", and shrewdly presented the results of detailed planning and careful strategy as the work of inspiration.

As a boy, he was a sickly child and his father assumed he would work in civil service as an adult. However, he learned to read French, German, Polish, and Italian, and devoted himself to intense study of several military authors including Plutarch, Quintus Curtius, Cornelius Nepos, Julius Caesar, and Charles XII. Suvorov entered the army in 1748 and served in the Semyonovsky Life Guard Regiment for six years. He gained his first battle experience fighting against the Prussians during the Seven Years' War (1756–1763). After repeatedly distinguishing himself in battle Suvorov became a colonel in 1762, aged around 33. As battle-tested as he was, Suvorov next served in Poland during the Confederation of Bar, dispersed the Polish forces under Kazimierz Pułaski (1745-1779), captured Kraków (1768) paving the way for the first partition of Poland between Austria, Prussia and Russia, and reached the rank of major-general. The Russo-Turkish War of 1768–1774 saw his first successful campaigns against the Turks in 1773–1774, and particularly in the Battle of Kozluca, he laid the foundations of his reputation, becoming a lieutenant-general in 1774. His later earned victories against the Ottomans bolstered the morale of his soldiers who were outnumbered, usually. His astuteness in war was uncanny. In 1774, Suvorov was dispatched to suppress the rebellion of Yemelyan Pugachev (1742-1775), who claimed to be the assassinated Russian Emperor Peter III (1728-1762), but arrived at the scene only in time to conduct the first interrogation of the rebel leader, who had been betrayed by his fellow Cossacks and was eventually beheaded in Moscow.

From 1787 to 1791 he again fought the Turks during the Russo-Turkish War of 1787–1792 and won many victories; he was wounded twice at Kinburn (1787), took part in the siege of Ochakov, and in 1789 won two great victories at Focşani and by the river Rymnik. For the latter victory, Catherine the Great made Suvorov a count with the name "Rymniksky" in addition to his own name, and the Emperor Joseph II (1741-1790) made him a count of the Holy Roman Empire. On December 22, 1790 Suvorov successfully stormed the reputedly impenetrable fortress of Ismail in Bessarabia. Turkish defeat was seen as a major catastrophe in the Ottoman Empire, but in Russia it was glorified in the first national anthem, "Let the thunder of victory sound!" Immediately after the peace with the Ottoman Empire was signed, Suvorov was again transferred to Poland, where he assumed the command of one of the corps and took part in the Battle of Maciejowice, in which he captured the Polish commander-in-chief Tadeusz Kościuszko (1746-1817). On November 4, 1794, Suvorov's forces stormed Warsaw and captured Praga, one of its boroughs. For the victory at Warsaw, he was awarded title of Field Marshal. In February 1799 new Russian Emperor Paul I (1754-1801) summoned him to take the field again, this time against the French Revolutionary armies in Italy. The campaign opened with a series of Suvorov's victories (Cassano d'Adda, Trebbia, and Novi). French troops were driven from Italy, save for a handful in the Maritime Alps and around Genoa. Suvorov himself gained the rank of "prince of the House of Savoy" from the king of Sardinia. But the later events of the eventful year went uniformly against the Russians. General Alexander Rimsky-Korsakov's force was defeated by André Masséna at Zürich. Betrayed by the Austrians, the old Field Marshal, seeking to make his way over the Swiss passes to the Upper Rhine, had to retreat to Vorarlberg, where the army, much shattered and almost destitute of horses and artillery, went into winter quarters. When Suvorov battled his way through the snow-capped Alps his army was checked but never defeated. For this marvel of strategic retreat, unheard of since the time of Hannibal (247-183/182 BC), Suvorov became the fourth generalissimo of Russia. He died in St. Petersburg on May 18, 1800. Suvorov lies buried in the Church of the Annunciation in the Alexander Nevsky Monastery, the simple inscription on his grave stating, according to his own direction, "Here lies Suvorov". But within a year of his death the new Emperor Alexander I erected a statue to his memory in the Field of Mars.

Russians have long cherished the memory of Suvorov as a great captain of the Russian nation, and for the character of his leadership. In an age when war had become an act of diplomacy, he restored its significance as an act of force. He had a great simplicity of manner, and while on a campaign lived as a private soldier, sleeping on straw and contenting himself with the humblest fare. The Suvorov Museum opened in Saint Petersburg in 1900 to commemorate the centenary of the general's death. Apart from in St. Petersburg, other Suvorov monuments have feature in Focşani, Ochakov, Sevastopol, Izmail, Tulchin, Kobrin, Novaya Ladoga, Kherson, Timanovka, Simferopol, Kaliningrad, Konchanskoye, Rymnik, Elm (Switzerland) and in the Swiss Alps. On July 29, 1942 The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR established the Order of Suvorov - awarded for successful offensive actions against superior enemy forces. His prowess, military wisdom, and daring remain high regard. Another of his many utterances, "Achieve victory not by numbers, but by knowing how" is well known in the Russian military. Traditionally he managed 63 battles and was never beaten.

"Dostoyevskaya" ("Fyodor Dostoyevsky") is a Moscow Metro station in the Meshchansky District, Central Administrative Okrug, Moscow. It was opened on June 19, 2010 on the Line 10, between "Trubnaya" ("Pipe") and "Maryina Roshcha" ("Mary's Grove") stations. The station has two exits. One is near the building of the Central Academic Theatre of the Russian Army. Another exit leads to Suvorov Square. The construction of the station started in the 1990s though soon the station was conserved due to insufficient funding. The construction process resumed only in 2007 when money flow resumed and right and left rail tunnels were built. The construction of the platform began then. In April 2009 the lack of funds forced the Moscow Metro authorities to delay the station's opening to May 2010. Several days before the supposed opening date it was delayed again to June 2010 due to escalators adjustment. The architects of the station are Lev Popov and Natalya Rasstegnyaeva. "Dostoyevskaya" is deep-level three-vaulted station of the column-wall type (depth - 60 m). It is named for nearby Dostoyevsky Street. The great Russian writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky (1821-1881) was born at this street, therefore the station bears his name and features scenes from his works. The station hall features austere geometrical column-walls, black and white flooring of heat-treated granite and white vaults. The column-walls of the station are faced with marble and granite of different types. They are also decorated with black and white Florentine mosaics (artist - Ivan Nikolayev) that depict the scenes from Dostoyevsky’s novels - "Crime and Punishment" (1865-1866), "Idiot" (1867-1869), "Demons" (1870-1872) and "The Brothers Karamazov" (1879-1880). The vaults of the station are covered with waterproof fiberglass and the lighting is hidden in the elements of this fiberglass cover. The station was supposed to have a transfer to the Ring Line station "Suvorovskaya" though the latter is not built. According to the authorities the station and transfer to "Dostoyevskaya" will be built only after the completion of the northern part of the Line 10. Currently Line 10 have only one transfer on the Ring Line 5. After northern extension of the Dmitrovsky Radius of the Line 10, the another transfer to Ring Line 5 will be necessary for normal passenger operation.

In 1950s, during the construction of the Ring Line, there was remained opportunity for the construction of the intermediate station in the existing tunnel. There was planned to be built Metro station "Ploshchad Kommuny" ("Commune Square"). It's need to mentioned that in Moscow only one Metro station was built on the existing deep-level track without limitation of passenger service - Metro station "Gorkovskaya" ("Maxim Gorky"), now "Tverskaya" ("Tver") was opened on July 20, 1979 on the existing deep-level track of the Line 2. In early-1990s there was prepared construction site for the Metro station "Suvorovskaya", but further works were not started. In the end of 2011 were started preliminary works for construction of the station. The project of the planning of station was approved on July 17, 2012. Originally it was planned that construction of station will be going only during nighttime (1:00 am-5:30 am) when Metro is closed for passengers (as it was made in 1970s during construction of the "Gorkovskaya", now "Tverskaya" station). However, it would lead to slowdown of the pace of construction. That's why it was decided to built 0.6-km long bypass tunnels between existing Metro stations "Prospekt Mira" ("Peace Avenue") and "Novoslobodskaya" ("New Settlement") which were opened on the Ring Line on January 30, 1952. In these new tunnels will be ride trains with passengers during construction of Metro station "Suvorovskaya". The construction of the future station will be held at day and night in the existing tunnels of the Ring Line 5. After opening of Metro station "Suvorovskaya", bypass tunnels will be used for the night standing of trains and holding of the technical works.

"Suvorovskaya" will be deep-level three-vaulted station of the pylon type (depth ~ 40 m). It will be have one underground vestibule at the eastern end of station. There will be built exits at the intersection of the Durov Street and Delegate Street. The exits will be lead in direction to the Animal Theater named after Vladimir Durov (also known as "Grandpa Durov's Corner"), Olympic Stadium indoor arena and other objects. There will be built transfer to the Line 10 at the western end of Metro station "Suvorovskaya".


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igor4yma


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The future transfer station "Dostoyevskaya" ("Fyodor Dostoyevsky; Line 10; opened on June 19, 2010):

q_rex


q_rex


Russos


Russos


Night-City-Dream
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Old February 3rd, 2013, 04:41 PM   #2729
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q_rex


Night-City-Dream


Night-City-Dream


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Monument of Generalissimo Alexander Suvorov (1730-1800) near Central Academic Theatre of the Russian Army on the Suvorov Square:

Wikipedia
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Old February 3rd, 2013, 04:43 PM   #2730
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"ROSSIYSKAYA"

"Rossiyskaya" ("Russian") is a planned station of the Ring Line 5 of the Moscow Metro. The station will be located under the Moscow-River, on the border of the Presnensky District of Central Administrative Okrug and Dorogomilovo District of Western Administrative Okrug. It will be have transfer to the future Metro station "Kutuzovsky Prospekt" ("Kutuzov Avenue") on the Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya Line 8, which is planned to be built in 2016-2020.

The station is named after Square of Free Russia near which it will be located. This square was named on August 22, 1991 according to the proposal of Russian President Boris Yeltsin (1931-2007) just after failure of August Coup of 1991 (August 19-21). The project name of station was "Ploshchad Svobody" ("Freedom Square").



There are located buildings of the House of the Government of the Russian Federation (White House) and Government of Moscow (former Comecon Building) on the Square of Free Russia. The building of the Government of Moscow was built in 1963-1970 by architects Mikhail Posokhin, Ashot Mndoyants and Vladimir Svirsky. Originally it was known as Comecon building. The Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (Comecon, Russian: SEV), 1949–1991, was an economic organization under the leadership of the Soviet Union that comprised the countries of the Eastern Bloc along with a number of socialist states elsewhere in the world. The Comecon was the Eastern Bloc's reply to the formation of the Organization for European Economic Co-operation in non-communist Europe. The White House, also known as the Russian White House, is a government building in Moscow. It stands on Krasnopresnenskaya Embankment. Construction started in 1965 and ended in 1979. Originally called The House of Soviets, it was designed by the architects Dmitry Chechulin and Pavel Shteller. Overall design follows Chechulin's 1934 draft of the Aeroflot building. Upon completion in 1981, the White House was used by the Supreme Soviet of Russia, which had until then held its sessions in the Grand Kremlin Palace. The Supreme Soviet of Russia remained in the building until the end of the Soviet Union, as well as during the first years of the Russian Federation. The White House was pictured on a 50 kopeck stamp in 1991, honoring the people's resistance to the failed coup attempt of 1991. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the White House continued to serve as the seat of the Russian Parliament. The White House stood damaged for some time as result of the military actions during 1993 Russian constitutional crisis, and the black burns became famous, so much so that it became tradition for newlyweds to be photographed in front of its damaged facade. The reformed parliament, known thereafter by its Imperial era title of State Duma, was elected in 1994 and moved to another building on Moscow's Hunting Row Street. The renovated White House now houses the Russian government. An inscription at the base of the tower reads, "House of the Government of the Russian Federation". On December 27, 2012 near White House was opened Monument of the great Prime Minister of the Russian Empire Pyotr Stolypin (1862-1911) in order to commemorate 150th anniversary of his birth.

In 1950s, during the construction of the Ring Line, there was remained opportunity for the construction of the intermediate station in the existing tunnels between Metro stations "Kievskaya" ("Kiev") and "Krasnopresnenskaya" ("Red Presnya") which were opened on March 14, 1954. There were plans to built "Rossiyskaya" as station of the Line 8. Currently the station is not mentioned in the plans of the development of Moscow Metro before 2020.


Link

House of the Goverment of the Russian Federation (1965-1979, architects - Dmitry Chechulin, Pavel Shteller and others):

tyul-tatiana-vl

House of the Goverment of the Federation (1965-1979) and Goverment of Moscow (1963-1970):

tyul-tatiana-vl[/QUOTE]

Hotel "Ukraine", now Radisson Royal Hotel (1953-1957, architects - Arkady Mordvinov and Vyacheslav Oltarzhevsky):

tyul-tatiana-vl

Comecon building, now Goverment of Moscow (1963-1970, architects - Mikhail Posokhin, Ashot Mndoyants and Vladimir Svirsky):

tyul-tatiana-vl
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Old February 3rd, 2013, 08:09 PM   #2731
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Is it Moscow metro thread? Last 4 pages except of 2 posts are about Moscow. Not even a proportion of population (140 million/14million = 10%) of Moscow. It's really great job but lately you post it all in a wrong thread, AlekseyVT
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Old February 3rd, 2013, 08:27 PM   #2732
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Quote:
Originally Posted by alekssa1 View Post
Is it Moscow metro thread?
This is thread about Russian Urban Transport. How I know from my infant years, Moscow is the capital of Russia, and Metro is a kind of urban transport. Do you have another information?

Quote:
Originally Posted by alekssa1 View Post
Last 4 pages except of 2 posts are about Moscow.
And at least 100 of 116 pages of this thread are not about Moscow. And during next 11 months I will write only about other Russian cities.

Quote:
Originally Posted by alekssa1 View Post
Not even a proportion of population (140 million/14million = 10%) of Moscow.
However, it's proportion of existing Metro network (comparing with other Russian Metro systems), actual paces of Metro construction and more or less foreseeable plans on future extensions. It's not that I like this proportions, but this is fact.

As for percentages of population - it's not demographic thread, sorry me...

Quote:
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It's really great job...
Well, thanks at least for that.

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Originally Posted by alekssa1 View Post
... but lately you post it all in a wrong thread, AlekseyVT
See above. IMHO, all my posts fully fit name of this thread. I will be glad if you personally will be able to write something except critics of other posts.
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Old February 3rd, 2013, 11:24 PM   #2733
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Excellent posts and information, as always! Personally I don't mind where these posts are, as long as I can enjoy reading them.

Congratulations Moscow for this ambitious extension plans!
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Old February 5th, 2013, 01:41 AM   #2734
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PSD for Lesoparkovaya - truth or fantasy?

http://calcai.livejournal.com/pics/catalog/325/87022
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Old February 5th, 2013, 02:18 AM   #2735
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PSD for Lesoparkovaya - truth or fantasy?
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showpost.php?p=98961935
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Old February 11th, 2013, 12:13 AM   #2736
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ST. PETERSBURG METRO

2012 - THE MOST SIGNIFICANT EVENTS:

In 2011 was opened 65th station of the St. Petersburg Metro - "Admiralteyskaya" ("Admiralty") on the Line 5. Its vestibule was opened on December 28, 2011 in the ground floor of the uncompleted building. This building was structurally completed in June 2012. Thus, the construction of the whole complex was finally finished.


Urbanrail

"ADMIRALTEYSKAYA"

"Admiralteyskaya" ("Admiralty") is a station on the Frunzensko-Primorskaya Line 5 of the Saint Petersburg Metro. It's located at the intersection of the Little Marine street and Brick Lane, in the Municipal Okrug #78, Central District. "Admiralteyskaya" is a most central Metro station of Saint Petersburg, the closest station to the Palace Square, Saint Isaac's Square and Senate Square. It was built to serve for millions of tourists, including visitors of the famous Hermitage Museum.

The station is named after Admiralty Avenue and Admiralty building which located nearby. Admiralty Board was a supreme body for the administration of the Imperial Russian Navy in the Russian Empire, established by Russian Emperor Peter the Great (1672-1725) on December 12, 1718. The responsibilities of the Admiralty Board had been changing throughout its history. It supervised the construction of military ships, ports, harbors, and canals and administered Admiralty Shipyard. The Admiralty Board was also in charge of naval armaments and equipment, preparation of naval officers etc. The first president of the Admiralty Board was Count Fyodor Apraksin (1661-1728). In 1720, the Admiralty Board published a collection of naval decrees called "A Naval Charter On Everything That Has To Do With Good Management Of A Fleet At Sea", authored by Peter the Great himself among other people. In 1802, the Admiralty Board became a part of the Ministry of the Navy. Along with the Admiralty Board, there was also the Admiralty Department in 1805-1827 with the responsibilities of the Chief Office of the Ministry. In 1827, the Admiralty Board was turned into the Admiralty Council, which would exist until the October Revolution of 1917. The Admiralty Board used to be headquartered in the Admiralty building in St. Petersburg. The magnificent Empire Style edifice lining the Admiralty Quay was constructed to Andreyan Zakharov's design between 1806 and 1823. Located at the western end of the Nevsky Avenue, with a gilded steeple topped by a golden weather-vane in the shape of a small ship, it is one of the city's most conspicuous landmarks. The spire is the focal point of old St. Petersburg's three main streets - Nevsky Avenue, Gorokhovaya Street, and Ascension Avenue - underscoring the importance Peter the Great placed on Russia's Navy. Vladimir Nabokov (1899-1977), famed writer and native of St. Petersburg, wrote a short story in May 1933 entitled "The Admiralty Spire."

"Admiralteyskaya" was designed to relieve congestion at the "Nevsky Prospekt" ("Nevsky Avenue"; Line 2) and "Gostiny Dvor" ("Guest Court"; Line 3) stations, as well as to provide a more direct link to the Hermitage and other notable museums. However, the completion of the station was hampered by the lack of funds and ongoing controversy over the placement of station's exit. The construction of this station was started in 1994 and continued more than 17 years. When the construction of what was originally intended as the northern branch of the Line 5 began, the underground part of "Admiralteystkaya" was built, even as the location of the exit remained uncertain. Its underground part was structurally ready by September 15, 1997, when were opened Metro stations "Sadovaya" ("Garden") and "Chkalovskaya" ("Valery Chkalov"). "Admiralteyskaya" is located between these two stations. By 1997, most of the underground part was completed, even originally there was no platform of the central hall. However, the lack of resolution over the status of the station's exit, combined with scarcity of funds, put further construction on halt. When the northern branch was opened as a temporary part of the Line 4, the train passed the unfinished station without stopping, slowing down slightly while transversing it. However, by August 2005, the construction resumed. Trains began to occasionally stop at this station in early morning hours to drop off workers.

The stations was hampered by the lack of funds and ongoing controversy over the placement of station's exit. The station's existence has been controversial for decades. Although the need for the station was apparent to the Metro planners for over three decades, the actual construction proved to be a difficult process. The station was to be built close to Hermitage, several notable museums and several buildings designated as federal landmarks, which raised fears that those buildings would be adversely affected by construction. Originally it was planned to purchase living house of 19th century at the intersection of the Little Marine street and Brick Lane, to demolished it and to built vestibule at this place. However, it led to the judical problems with the owners of apartments in this house. In 2005-2006 officials searched other sites for the construction of exit, but it was refused. Thus, finding the location of the exit proved to be difficult task that, after multiple attempts, was finally resolved on February 7, 2007. According to the city officials, it will be built on the originally planned site of the apartment building at #1/4 Brick Lane. The building was to be torn down so that a vestibule could be built in its place. With the issue seemingly resolved, the city officials began moving out the building's residents, completely emptying it by the end of 2008. However the construction stalled due to the debate over the building's historic significance (in 1947 it became the first city building, which was restored after the Siege of Leningrad in 1941-1944). In June 2009, the issue was resolved in Metropolitan's favor (though the ruling stipulated that the building's original facade must be restored once the building is complete) and June 11, 2009, the contractors began to demolish the building. The construction commenced once all the debris were cleared.

The facing of the underground part started in 2007. In August 2010 began mounting of TBM "Herrenknecht", which started to build escalator tunnel in December 2010. The escalator tunnel was dug in April 2011. TBM "Herrenknecht" was dismantled in June 2011. The construction of the vestibule was started in August 2011. The station was opened on December 28, 2011. Its vestibule was opened in the uncompleted building. The reconstruction of the facade of building was completed in 2012, close to the original image.

In addition to be most central station in St. Petersburg, "Admiralteyskaya" have few other interesting features. It's a 300th Metro station, which was opened in Russia (in beginning of 2012, Moscow had 185 Metro stations, St. Petersburg - 65, Novosibirsk and Nizhny Novgorod - 13, Samara - 9, Yekaterinburg - 8, Kazan - 7). If "Admiralteyskaya" was opened two days earlier, it also would be 500th Metro stations at post-Soviet space. However, Kiev Metro's station "Vystavkovyi Tsentr" ("Exhibition Centre") was opened on December 27, 2011, one day prior the opening in St. Petersburg. Thus, "Admiralteyskaya" became 501st Metro station at post-Soviet space. Also, "Admiralteyskaya" became most deepest Metro station (depth - 86 meters) in Russia and second deepest station at post-Soviet space after Metro station "Arsenalna" ("Arsenal") in Kiev (depth - 105.5 meters; opened on November 6, 1960). Nevertheless, some Russian officials and journalists announced that depth of "Admiralteyskaya" station is 110-120 meters, but these numbers have not been confirmed.

"Admiralteyskaya" is a deep-level three-vaulted station of column-wall type. Due to difficulties with location in the historical centre, it was built with two escalator tunnels and intermediate corridor between them. The architect of the station was famous artist Alexander Konstantinov (1937-2008). His project of "Admiralteyskaya" station was ready even in 1997 and was adopted with some changes in 2006. The main theme of decoration was emergence and development of Russian fleet in Imperial times, from the foundation of Admiralty by the Russian Emperor Peter the Great (1672-1725). The ground-level vestibule have ellipsoidal form and decorated in the style, similar to the style of decoration of the underground parts. The walls of vestibule are faced with Gazgan marble. The ceiling, which is supported by a row of massive black fluted columns, is decorated with lighted composition "Compass rose". This lighted composition is oriented to the cardinal. There is mosaic panel "Admiralty" (artist - Alexander Bystrov) over the big escalator tunnel (depth - 68.7 m). The intermediate corridor between the big and small (depth - 15.2 m) escalator tunnels is 112-m long. This corridor is decorated with two mosaic panels - "Neva River" and "Neptune" (artist - Alexander Bystrov).

There is decorative stained-glass with clocks between the small escalator tunnel and central hall. The floor is paved with grey and red granite. It's decorated with three granite inlays "compass roses". There is mosaic panel "Foundation of Admiralty" in the end of central hall (artist - Alexander Bystrov). The track walls are lined with blue-gray marble. The doors on track walls are decorated with original lattices with images of anchors. The arcade of the station is faced with Gazgan marble of creamy golden tones. The arches are completed with black aluminum half-columns with the socles and capitals of polished brass. The walls between the half-columns are decorated with high reliefs with portraits of the famous Russian admirals and naval commanders - Fyodor Apraksin (1661-1728), Fyodor Ushakov (1744-1817), Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen (1778-1852), Pavel Nakhimov (1802-1855), Stepan Makarov (1849-1904) and Ivan Grigorovich (1853-1930). The sculptors of high reliefs were Valentin Sveshnikov and Albert Charkin.

In the distant future, the station will eventually provide a transfer to the Line 3 station tentatively designated "Admiralteyskaya-2" (the construction of that station has not begun yet).


An_ToxA


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Old February 11th, 2013, 12:14 AM   #2737
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Also, in the big escalator tunnel were installed escalators of E-75T models. Those escalators claimed to be world's subway deepest escalators (height - 68.7 m; length ~ 138 m). The old record belonged to the LT-1 escalators at the stations "Chernyshevskaya" and "Ploshchad Lenina" (1958; depth - 65.8 m; length - 131.6 m). However, these new unique escalators shown to be ineffective in the rush hours. It were stopped many times on the opening day and especially on December 31, when few hundreds people, who went to the Palace Square for participation in the New Year's celebrations, were forced to meet New Year on the stopped escalators.

Quote:
Originally Posted by Woonsocket54 View Post
Commuters are participating in a climbing-the-escalator adventure in Russia's deepest metro station. This looks like Washington DC (where escalators in the metro are usually out of service) but this is actually St Petersburg!

Fortunately, this problem was been solved. In late January 2012 it was found that problem was in the defective leading wheels of the escalators. As result, 190 defective wheels were replaced within one month.

The world's deepest subway escalators:

Igor Vanin


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Old February 11th, 2013, 12:15 AM   #2738
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July 8, 2009. The demolition of building for construction of Metro vestibule on its place:


The location of the station:

airpano

September 28, 2010:

karhu

January 20, 2011:

mx


mx

February 18, 2011:

andreev

June 28, 2011:

karhu
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Old February 11th, 2013, 12:16 AM   #2739
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January 5, 2012:

Shudder

June 8, 2012:

AlexPiterForever


AlexPiterForever

June 9, 2012:

4pet

July 20, 2012:

Florstein

August 15, 2012:

Metroschemes


Metroschemes


Metroschemes


Metroschemes
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Old February 11th, 2013, 12:18 AM   #2740
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However, the most important event of last year was the opening of 66th and 67th stations of the Saint Petersburg Metro - "Bukharestskaya" and "Mezhdunarodnaya" on the Line 5. The construction of this segment, which lasted since the end of 1980s, was finally completed. The Line 5 was extended on 3.3 km south into historical area of Kupchino.



According to the words of official persons, they plan to open an average of one new station per year. So, in 2005 was opened station "Komendantsky Prospekt" ("Commandant Avenue"; Line 5), in 2006 - "Parnas" ("Parnassus"; Line 2), in 2008 - "Zvenigorodskaya" ("Zvenigorod"; Line 5) and "Volkovskaya" ("Volkovo"; Line 5), in 2009 - "Spasskaya" ("Saviour"; Line 4), in 2010 - "Obvodny Kanal" ("Bypass Canal"; Line 5), in 2011 - "Admiralteyskaya" ("Admiralty"; Line 5). However, these two stations that were opened in 2010-2011 were built on the existing Metro tracks. Therefore, for the first time since 2009, St. Petersburg Metro network was really extended.

This segment became record in St. Petersburg due to terms of construction. The construction of this segment was started in late-1980s. The preparation of the territory for construction began in 1988. The construction works were started in 1989. Despite of the financial problems, in the beginning of 1990s was dug left tunnel between future Metro stations "Mezhdunarodnaya" and "Volkovskaya". However, in 1995 was happened sadly famous accident with flooding of the tunnels between Metro stations "Lesnaya" and "Ploshchad Muzhestva" on the Line 1. As result, Metro builders were forced to stop works at the few construction sites and spend their efforts to eliminate the consequences of this accident. Only in 2004 were built new tunnels of the Line 1 instead of old ones, and it became possible to restart works on abandoned sites. The construction of Metro stations "Bukharestskaya" and "Mezhdunarodnaya" was restarted in 2005. The new Line 5 was formed in 2008. In 2009 construction works slowed due to influence of global financial crisis. However, second tunnel was completed in 2010. The new stations were commissioned in the end of 2012, after 23 years since beginning of construction.


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