daily menu » rate the banner | guess the city | one on oneforums map | privacy policy | DMCA | news magazine | posting guidelines

Go Back   SkyscraperCity > Infrastructure and Mobility Forums > Subways and Urban Transport

Subways and Urban Transport Metros, subways, light rail, trams, buses and other local transport systems



Global Announcement

As a general reminder, please respect others and respect copyrights. Go here to familiarize yourself with our posting policy.


Reply

 
Thread Tools
Old March 8th, 2013, 01:18 AM   #2841
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094


ЙОБУРГЕР


ekmap


Битцевский панк


ЙОБУРГЕР


ekmap


Битцевский панк


ЙОБУРГЕР
__________________
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote

Sponsored Links
Old March 8th, 2013, 01:19 AM   #2842
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094


ekmap


ekamag


ekmap


Ekburg


ekmap


Битцевский панк


ekmap
__________________
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 8th, 2013, 01:20 AM   #2843
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

FURTHER DEVELOPMENT - 2013-2023:

On September 29, 2012 it was announced that Yekaterinburg included in the list of Russian cities which will be host matches of 2018 FIFA World Cup. Previously there were many rumours that it will not happen because Yekaterinburg located far from other host cities. Therefore, it will be first FIFA World Cup hosted in two continents (Europe and Asia).



September 29, 2012. Vayner Street in Yekaterinburg:

Link


Link


Link


Link


Link


Link


Link


Link
__________________
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 8th, 2013, 01:20 AM   #2844
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094


Link


Link


Link


Link


Link


Link


Link
__________________
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 8th, 2013, 01:21 AM   #2845
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

In 2023 there will be large celebrations dedicated to the 300th anniversary of Yekaterinburg's foundation.



Between these events, Yekaterinburg authorities also plans to host Expo 2020. In the case of victory, it will be first World Exposition to be held in Russia (Expo 67 was originally intended to be held in Moscow, to help the Soviet Union celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Russian Revolution; however, for various reasons, the Soviets decided to cancel, and Montreal, Canada was awarded it in late 1962). However, other competitiors also have strong bids: Ayutthaya (Thailand), Dubai (UAE), Izmir (Turkey) and Săo Paulo (Brazil). In addition, on November 22, 2012 Astana, the capital of Kazakhstan, was selected for hosting of Expo 2017. Many people consider that the chances of Yekaterinburg to organize next Expo decreased after this choice because Astana located in same geographic region. The final decision will be done in Paris in November 2013.




Link


Link


Link


Link

All this gives a hope that Metro construction in Yekaterinburg can be partially funded from federal budget. According to estimates, if Metro construction will be going with same pace as in past years, the Soviet plans for construction of three lines will be realized only in 2177.


66.ru
__________________

Rail_Serbia, Chilenofuturista liked this post
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 8th, 2013, 01:22 AM   #2846
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

THE CONSTRUCTION OF THE LINE 2

After the end of construction of the Line 1 (so-called "North-South") in 2012, city authorities have plans for construction of the second line (so-called "West-East"). The future line will be have transfer to Metro station "Ploshchad 1905 goda" ("1905 Square") of the Line 1 in the city center. Two planned stations - "Tatishchevskaya" and "Uralskikh Kommunarov" will be located near Central Stadium where will be held matches of 2018 FIFA World Cup. The length between Metro stations "Metallurgicheskaya" and "Ploshchad 1905 goda" is 3.5 km. In the case if Yekaterinburg will host Expo 2020, Metro stations "Verkh-Isetskaya" and "Zapadnaya" can be built in the area of exhibition.

It was proposed to build two-way tunnels with a diameter of 12.3 meters where trains travel in different directions one over another (as it was did during construction of the newest lines of Barcelona Metro). As it was announced, this method is linked with less excavation and engineering communications compared to the classical version. In the end of November 2012 in Yekaterinburg were held consultations with Barcelona specialists. The other variants are construction of the tunnels of standart diameter or construction of the tunnels of larger diameter for both track ways at one level. The exact plans for construction of the Line 2 are not ready yet.

The project of second Metro line:



January 30, 2013:



Ekburg


Ekburg


Clickable


metropts
__________________

Rail_Serbia, Chilenofuturista liked this post
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 8th, 2013, 01:24 AM   #2847
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

"PLOSHCHAD 1905 GODA"

"Ploshchad 1905 goda" ("1905 Square") is a future eastern terminal station of the Line 2 of the Yekaterinburg Metro. It will be located near the 1905 Square at the intersection of the Lenin Avenue and 8th March Street, in the Verkh-Isetsky District.

The station is named after 1905 Square near which it will be located. This is a most central square of Yekaterinburg. The present-day square was formed in 1930 when after demolition of the Epiphany Cathedral was combined area of the former Trade Square and Cathedral Square. It appeared in the first years of the construction of city (1720s). Very soon, it became centre of trade and became known as Trade Square. In 1739 there was erected stone building of the Mining Chancellery, which was rebuilt in 1835 in the Classicism style (architect - Mikhail Malakhov). In 1745-1747 there was built wooden Epiphany Church at the Trade Square. In 1771-1774 there was erected stone Epiphany Church in Baroque style at the place of wooden church. In 18th century there was built one-storey Guest Court at the southern part of the square. In 1833, the Epiphany Church on Trade Square became a cathedral, and the square was renamed into Cathedral Square. In 1820s at the square were built houses of Korobkov merchants. In mid-19th century were built houses of Savelyev and Shabalin merchants, which were combined in 1903 into building of Siberian Bank. In 1845 there was built building of male gymnasium at the eastern side of the Cathedral Square, in 1890s - Tupikov's Mansion (architect - Yuly Dutel). By beginning of 20th century, old Guest Court became dilapidated and very suffered from fire in 1902. After it, there was built new two-storey Guest Court. In 1906 was opened Monument of Russian Emperor Alexander II (1818-1881) near the Epiphany Cathedral.

The square became center of Revolutionary events in the beginning of 20th century. On May 13, 1905 there were held first political demonstration and meeting. On November 1, 1905 there was held Bolshevik meeting against the October Manifesto (October 30, 1905). There was planned Yakov Sverdlov's speech but meeting was interrupted by the members of "Black Hundreds" and Cossack troops who organized pogrom and killed few people. On March 17, 1917 there was held first meeting dedicated to the February Revolution of 1917. In the spring of 1917 the monument of Alexander II was destroyed by the Revolutionary soldiers. On November 8, 1917 Bolsheviks declared at this square about success of the October Revolution. In 1918 at the square were buried Red Army soldiers killed in the battles against Ataman Alexander Dutov (1879-1921). In August 1919 these remains were reburied at the present-day Communards Square. On July 14, 1919 there was held parade of Red Army who liberated city from Czechoslovak Legion. In November 1919 the square was renamed into 1905 Square.

On May 1, 1920 there was opened Monument of Liberated Labour at the place of destroyed monument of Alexander II (sculptor - Stepan Erzia), it was dismantled in 1926. In May 1928 there was built five-storey house in Constructivism style at the northern side of square. The former Tupikov's Mansion served as building of the Office for National University (October 1917-May 1918), Center of the struggle against counter-revolution (May-July 1918), Military Commandant's Office (in July 1918). Since 1935, there was House of Political Education. In 1930 Epiphany Cathedral was demolished according to decision of City Council. In 1929-1930 there were built two lines of tram through 1905 Square. The building of male gymnasium became place for school №9, the building of the Mining Chancellery became home for Ural State Conservatory (since 1934). In 1930-1931 New Guest Court was rebuilt to five storeys. Its facade was totally rebuilt in 1947-1954, there were added tower with a golden spire and clocks as well as plaster figures at the roof. City officials began to work in this building. On November 5, 1957 there was opened monument of Vladimir Lenin (sculptor - Vladimir Ingal). In 1967 the building of conservatory was rebuilt, there was added concert hall. In 1970 House of Political Education was removed from 1905 Square, its building was restored in 1981-1988 for House of Actor. Since 1991, City Administration began to work in the former building of Guest Court.

Since December 31, 1947 this square serves as main place for New Year's celebrations. Before 1991, it was place for demonstrations during May Day (May 1st) and Day of Great October Socialist Revolution (November 7th). 1905 Square also became place of the parade of troops of Ural Garrison during Victory Day (May 9th). On December 29, 1989 there was held meeting against actions of Soviet government. Currently this square serves for organization of various concerts. On December 22, 1994 there was opened Metro station near 1905 Square.

"Ploshchad 1905 Goda" ("1905 Square") is the station on the Line 1 of the Yekaterinburg Metro. It located near the 1905 Square at the intersection of the 8th March Street and Theatre Lane, in the Leninsky District. The construction works were started in February 1981. The station was opened on December 22, 1994 and became 6th Metro station in Yekaterinburg.

The architects of the station were Arkady Zaslavsky and L. Maslennikov. "Ploshchad 1905 goda" is the deep-level three-vaulted station of the column type (depth - 35 m). The station's decoration is dedicated to the Revolutionary events of 1905. The supports of the vaults are made in the form of strict granite portals, which are separating the central hall from the side platforms. The color design of interior is based on the contrast between white track walls faced with white marble and red portals faced with Karelian granite. The central hall is lit by the original chandeliers made of crystal and bronze, the side platforms - by the decorative sconces at the columns. There are art inserts, which were made by the Ural masters in the technique of Florentine mosaic, at the track walls of station. The exit from station is located at the southern end, with four escalators. The underground vestibule is linked with underpass under the 8th March Street with two exits to the numerous (mostly terminal) stops of public transport (bus, trolleybus, tram and route taxi). The entrances looks like portals of station. In the near future northern vestibule is planned to be built with exit near intersection of the Lenin Avenue and 8th March Street. In this vestibule, transfer to the Line 2 is planned to open. The future station also will be called "Ploshchad 1905 goda".

The station of the Line 2 will be built at deep level. Its projecting began in 2008. There will be built 6 exits: 4 - at the all sides of the intersection of the Lenin Avenue and 8th March Street, one - at the western side of the Bank Lane and one - near the House of Actor (#8, 8th March Street).


Clickable


Clickable

2010. Yekaterinburg, 1905 Square:

gelio-nsk


Wikipedia


Wikipedia

September 21, 2012. The future transfer station "Ploshchad 1905 goda" ("1905 Square"; Line 1; opened on December 22, 1994):

Битцевский панк


Битцевский панк


Битцевский панк
__________________

n20, Rail_Serbia, Chilenofuturista liked this post
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 8th, 2013, 01:24 AM   #2848
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

September 20, 2012:

Битцевский панк


Битцевский панк


Битцевский панк


Битцевский панк


Битцевский панк


Битцевский панк
__________________
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 8th, 2013, 01:25 AM   #2849
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

"PLOSHCHAD KOMMUNAROV"

"Ploshchad Kommunarov" ("Communards Square") is a future station of the Line 2 of the Yekaterinburg Metro. It will be located near the Communards Square at the intersection of the Lenin Avenue and Moscow Street, in the Verkh-Isetsky District.

The station is named after square near which it will be located. Before beginning of 19th century, the western end of Yekaterinburg was limited by pillars of Moscow Outpost where started Moscow Road (now Siberian Road) and the road to Verkh-Isetsky Plant outside the city boundaries. In 1819 area of future square was crossed by present-day Verkh-Isetsky Boulevard that connects plant and city. In 1820s western border of city was moved near the building of the hospital of Verkh-Isetsky Plant. In 1886 there was built hippodrome at the northern border of square, in 1900 - cycling track at the southern border (near the Moscow Road). In 1900 there was opened wooden building of the Verkh-Isetsly People's Theatre (People's House). In August 1919 the remains of Red Army soldiers killed in the battles against Ataman Alexander Dutov (1879-1921) were reburied at the square near People's House. After this, the square became known as Square of Mass Graves, Square of Ural Communards and finally - Communards Square. In 1930s began reconstruction of square. During reconstruction, was demolished building of the People's House and was built complex of the medical corps. There was built park at the place of hyppodrome and football stadium (present-day Central Stadium) at the place of cycling track. At same period were demolished pillars of Moscow Outpost. In 1959 were carried works for landscaping of the place of burial of perished Revolutionaries. There was set obelisk and was lit Eternal Flame.

"Ploshchad Kommunarov" will be shallow three-vaulted station of the column type. Its projecting began in 2008. There will be built two underground vestibules with 13 exits. The station will be located near Central Stadium which will host matches of 2018 FIFA World Cup.


Clickable


Clickable

"TATISHCHEVSKAYA"

"Tatishchevskaya" ("Vasily Tatishchev") is a future station of the Line 2 of the Yekaterinburg Metro. It will be located near the intersection of the Tatishchev Street and Turners Street, in the Verkh-Isetsky District.

The station is named after 2.5-km long Tatishchev Street near which it will be located. This is one of the oldest streets in Yekaterinburg. It appeared in 18th century, its route was showed at the plan of Yekaterinburg of 1788. In that period was built only its northern part, the street was one-sided. Prior to October Revolution of 1917, it was known as 1st Spring Street. In general, there were nine Spring Streets in Yekaterinburg. All these streets were situated near muskeg near which probably flowed springs used by local residents. In 1921 this street was renamed into Malyshev Street in the honour of Ural Bolshevik leader, the organizer of Red Guards in Ural Region. In 1927 Verkh-Isetsky settlement was included into city boundaries. As a result, there existed two Malyshev Streets in the city during few years. In 1930s, in order to avoid confusion, Malyshev Street in the Verkh-Isetsky District was renamed into Ordzhonikidze Street in the honour of prominent Soviet Bolshevik leader Sergo Ordzhonikidze (1886-1937), 1st People's Commissar of the Heavy Industry of the USSR (1932-1937). In 1961 Ordzhonikidze Street was renamed into Tatishchev Street in the honour of the founder of city Vasily Tatishchev because the Stalin Avenue in Uralmash microdistrict was renamed into Ordzhonikidze Avenue during Nikita Khrushchev's policy of de-Stalinization.

Vasily Tatishchev (1686–1750) was a prominent Russian statesman, and ethnographer, best remembered as the founder of Yekaterinburg, Perm and Tolyatti as well as the author of the first full-scale Russian history. Throughout this work, he advocates his favourite idea that autocracy is the perfect form of government for Russia. A male-line descendant of the 9th-century prince Rurik, Tatischev was born near Pskov on April 29, 1686. Having graduated from the Engineering school in Moscow, he took part in the Great Northern War of 1700-1721 against Sweden. In the service of Russian Emperor Peter the Great (1672-1725) he gained a prominent post in the Foreign Office, which he used to oppose the policies of the Supreme Privy Council and support Anna's ascension to the Russian throne in 1730. Tatishchev was entrusted by Peter with a lucrative office of the management of Ural factories. At that post he founded the cities of Perm and Yekaterinburg (both in 1723), which have since grown into the veritable capitals of the Ural Region. There were opened many plants and factories at Ural Region. During the Bashkir War of 1735-1740, Tatishchev was in command of Siberian operations from the winter of 1736-1737 and head of the whole operation from the spring of 1737. In 1737 he founded fortress of Stavropol on the Volga River (now city of Tolyatti in Samara Region, the one of large centres of Russian auto industry) for resettlement of baptized kalmyks and protection of Russian lands from raids of nomands. Tatishchev was removed from command after March 1739, nominally on charges of corruption, but mainly because he had made too many enemies. Tatischev finished his official career as a Governor of Astrakhan Governorate (1741-1745).

Having retired from active service, the elderly statesman dedicated himself to scholarly pursuits. Feeling that the Russian historiography had been neglected, he discovered and published several legal monuments of great interest, e.g., "Russkaya Pravda" ("Russian Truth", the legal code of Kievan Rus and the subsequent Rus principalities during the times of feudal division) and "Sudebnik" of 1550 (code of laws instituted by Ivan the Terrible). His magnum opus was the first sketch of Russian history, entitled "Russian History Dating Back to the Most Ancient Times" and published in 5 volumes after his death. He also compiled the first encyclopedic dictionary of the Russian language. Vasily Tatishchev died at the Boldino estate near Moscow on July 26, 1750. Scientific merits of Tatischev's work have been disputed even in the 18th century. It is true that he used some chronicles that have since been lost, leading Soviet historian Yakov Lourié (1921-1996) to write of "Tatishchev Information", which he defined as "data unique to that historian", but most of them (notably the "Ioachim Chronicle") were of dubious authenticity. It is also true that he could never tell a genuine work from a fake, and some incidents inserted in his history could have been products of his own fancy. Only recently some prominent historians have demonstrated that Tatischev's lost sources may actually be relied on. A settlement and a district in Saratov Oblast are named after Tatishchev. There are monuments to Tatishchev in Yekaterinburg (1998) and Perm (2003), and in 1998 a large equestrian statue of Tatishchev was established in Tolyatti.

"Tatishchevskaya" will be shallow three-vaulted station of the column type. Its projecting began in 2008. There will be built two underground vestibules with 6 exits. Three exits will be located at the western side of the intersection of the Tatishchev Street and Turners Street, another three - east of this intersection near living complex "Tatishchevsky" (#49 Tatishchev Street). The station will be located near Central Stadium which will host matches of 2018 FIFA World Cup.


Clickable


Clickable


Clickable

September 28, 2010. The geodetic works at the intersection of the Tatishchev Street and Turners Street:

AlMax

October 6, 2010:

AlMax

Monument of Georg Wilhelm de Gennin (1676-1750) and Vasily Tatishchev (1686–1750) - two founders of Yekaterinburg (sculptor - Pyotr Chusovitin; opened on August 15, 1998 to the 275th anniversary of city):

Liposha
__________________
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 8th, 2013, 01:26 AM   #2850
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

"METALLURGICHESKAYA"

"Metallurgicheskaya" ("Metallurgical") is a future station of the Line 2 of the Yekaterinburg Metro. It will be located near the intersection of the Kraul Street and Vikulov Street, in the Verkh-Isetsky District.

The station is named after Verkh-Isetsky Metallurgical Plant which located nearby. It was opened on November 19, 1726 in two kilometres of Yekaterinburg upstream Iset River. Its original name was Verkh-Isetsky (Upper Iset) ironworks named after Tsesarevna Anna. The initiator of construction was German-born Russian military officer and engineer Georg Wilhelm de Gennin (1676-1750). In 1725-1726 there was built dam near the future ironworks that formed Verkh-Isetsky Pond. From the first years since opening, the iron that produced at this plant became known due to its well quality. Initially Verkh-Isetsky ironworks played supportive role for the Yekaterinburg Plant, but later it became independent enterprise. In the beginning of 19th century roofing iron of the Verkh-Isetsky ironworks became world-famous. There are still preserved some houses in Great Britain which roofed with iron produced at the Verkh-Isetsky ironworks. In 1914 it became first enterprise in Russia to produce anisotropic steel. After October Revolution of 1917, hot-rolled electrical steel has become the main product of this enterprise. By mid-1930s, the enterprise fully supports the needs of the electrical industry of the country. In 1973 there was commissioned Europe's largest complex for the production of cold-rolled electrotechnical steel. In 1978 it became first Soviet enterprise that began producing cold-rolled isotropic steel. In 1990s there were closed all workshop of the hot steel production, only workshops of cold-rolling continues to work.

"Metallurgicheskaya" will be shallow three-vaulted station of the column type. Its projecting began in 2008. There will be built two underground vestibules with 6 exits. The four exits will be located at the all sides of the intersection of the Kraul Street and Vikulov Street, another two - near the living houses #76 and #78 Kraul Street.


Clickable

The lithography "Verkh-Isetsky Plant" (1828, author - Adolph Theodor Kupffer):

Wikipedia

1909. The view at Verkh-Isetsky Plant and Verkh-Isetsky Pond (color photo of Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky):

Link

1909. The worker' settlement of Verkh-Isetsky Plant (color photo of Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky):

Link

2010. The cooling towers of the Verkh-Isetsky Plant:

Link

October 30, 2010. The geodetic works at the intersection of the Kraul Street and Vikulov Street:

KandMax

"VERKH-ISETSKAYA"

"Verkh-Isetskaya" is a future station of the Line 2 of the Yekaterinburg Metro. It will be located near the intersection of the Kraul Street and Tankmen Street, in the Verkh-Isetsky District.

The station is named after Verkh-Isetsky District in which it will be located. It's one of the oldest districts of Yekaterinburg. Its history goes back to 18th century. As a result of the great reforms of the Russian Emperor Peter the Great (1672-1725), in Russia arose need to equip the army and navy with guns and artillery weapon. That's why Peter the Great drew attention on Ural Region, rich by mineral resources. In 1721-1723 under leadership of prominent Russian statesman Vasily Tatishchev (1686-1750) and German-born Russian military officer and engineer Georg Wilhelm de Gennin (1676-1750) there was built ironworks near the Iset River. It was launched on November 18, 1723 - this day is considered as date of the foundation of the city of Yekaterinburg. The city was named in the honour of the second wife of Russian Emperor Peter the Great who reigned as the Russian Empress Catherine I (1684-1727) from 1725 until her death. Yekaterinburg Plant was one of the largest ironworks not only in Russia, but in Europe. However, there was no enough water for the full-scale operation of this plant. To solve this potential problem, in 1725-1726, under leadership of Georg Wilhelm de Gennin there was built reserve dam in about two kilometres of Yekaterinburg upstream Iset River. Therefore, Verkh-Isetsky (Upper Iset) Pond was formed. On November 19, 1726 near this pond was opened new Verkh-Isetsky ironworks named after Tsesarevna Anna (1708-1728), the daugther of Russian Emperor Peter the Great. After Anna's death, it became known as Verkh-Isetsky Plant. Initially Verkh-Isetsky ironworks played supportive role for the work of Yekaterinburg Plant, but later it became independent enterprise. In 1818-1820 there was started production of bronze casting. There was formed worker's settlement near Verkh-Isetsky Plant. In 1912 there were 246 small workshops in this area where worked 456 employees.

Before October Revolution of 1917, Yekaterinburg was not divided into districts. In 1919 the city was divided into five districts which had no names. The territory of Verkh-Isetsky Plant was included into Fifth District. In 1922 the districts were enlarged. The Second and Fifth Districts were included into First District (future Leninsky District). Since 1934 till 1936, territory of Verkh-Isetsky Plant was included into 1st Leninsky District. In late 1930s was held reorganization of districts. On February 17, 1936 there was formed new fifth district which was named Kaganovichesky in the honour of prominent Soviet politician Lazar Kaganovich (1893-1991), People's Commissar of the Railways of the USSR (1935-1937, 1938-1942, 1943-1944). In 1938 were established new borders of districts. The part of territories of the Kaganovichesky and Leninsky Districts were included into Yezhovsky (now Verkh-Isetsky) District. It was named after Nikolay Yezhov (1895-1940), People's Commissar for Internal Affairs of the USSR (1936-1938). On April 23, 1939, after 13 days since Yezhov's arrest, it was renamed into Molotovsky District in the honour of prominent Soviet politician Vyacheslav Molotov (1890-1986), Minister for Foreign Affairs of the USSR (1939-1949, 1953-1956). In June 1957 Molotov was expelled from the Presidium (Politburo) following a failed attempt to remove Nikita Khrushchev as First Secretary of the Communist Party of the USSR. On September 12, 1957 Molotovsky District was renamed into Verkh-Isetsky District.

During Soviet years, the territory of Verkh-Isetsky District was rapidly developed. This process increased as result of the Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945 when many industrial plants were evacuated in Yekaterinburg (then Sverdlovsk). During the war, there were manufactured wires, cables, rubber boots and were supported efforts for medical care for wounded soldiers. After Soviet Victory in WWII, the enterprises of this district were shifted for production of non-military goods. In 1952-1957 there was built Palace of Culture (architect - Vladimir Yemelyanov). In Soviet years there were built many schools, kindergartens, hospitals, sport objects, etc. The problems began in 1980s. The level of investments fell after Soviet collapse when Ural Region and whole Russia experienced economic problems. The situation began to improve in 2000s. The area of district is 240 square metres, population - 216.422 inhabitants. There are located Administration of Sverdlovsk Region, Sverdlovsk State Academic Drama Theatre, Central Stadium, Ural State Medical Academy and other objects. There is going construction of the business centre Yekaterinburg-City in the eastern part of Verkh-Isetsky District.

The project of Metro station "Verkh-Isetskaya" is not ready yet. More likely, it will not include into first stage of the construction of the Line 2.

Verkh-Isetsky Pond:

viadm


Владислав Фальшивомонетчик


Владислав Фальшивомонетчик
__________________
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 23rd, 2013, 05:20 PM   #2851
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

YEKATERINBURG TRAM

2012 - THE MOST SIGNIFICANT EVENTS:

On November 1, 2012 in Yekaterinburg was opened new tramline. It was built along the Julius Fučík Street to the new Metro station "Botanicheskaya" ("Botanical"; opened on November 28, 2011). The new tramline became to serve tramcars at the extended tram route №5 ("Metro station 'Botanicheskaya'" - "Ural Heavy Machinery Plant") and new tram route №34 ("Metro station 'Botanicheskaya'" - "Keramicheskaya").



Unfortunately, in current Russia the opening of new tramlines became same rare event as the opening of new Metro stations. In Soviet Union, there was no large percent of people who had personal cars. That's why it was easier to organize transport communication in Soviet cities. After Soviet collapse, the number of the owners of personal cars greatly increased, and tramcars became obstacles for car drivers. In addition, there was no necessary investments into development of the tram infrastructure in 1990s. As a result, tram became perceived as obsolete kind of transport with old and aging rolling stock. Since 1990s, tram network in vast majority of Russian cities (for example, Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Nizhny Novgorod, Kazan, etc) was significally shortened. In some cities tram systems were totally closed (Voronezh, Astrakhan, Arkhangelsk, etc).

Yekaterinburg became one of only few Russian cities where tram system was preserved after Soviet collapse. Although rolling stock of Yekaterinburg Tram is relatively old, but tramcars still remains rather reliable means for transportation. Currently Yekaterinburg has third largest tram system in Russia (after Saint Petersburg and Moscow) by terms of number of tramcars, total length and passenger traffic. The annual passenger traffic is 106.9 mln. rides (2011), that makes Yekaterinburg Tram one of the busiest tram systems not only in Russia, but in the world.

The construction of new tramline along the 1.245-km long Julius Fučík Street to the new Metro station "Botanicheskaya" ("Botanical"; opened on November 28, 2011) was started on mid-August 2012. It was opened on November 1, 2012 and became first tramline which was built in Yekaterinburg during last 20 years.

August 20, 2012. Julius Fučík Street:

AlMax

September 1, 2012. The new rails near tram stop "Botanicheskaya":

Konstantin71

September 5, 2012. Julius Fučík Street:

Rezident

September 5, 2012. The intersection of the 8th March Street and Julius Fučík Street:

Rezident

September 9, 2012. The mounting works at the 8th March Street:

Rezident

September 16, 2012. The intersection of the 8th March Street and Julius Fučík Street:

Rezident

September 16, 2012. The intersection of the 8th March Street and Julius Fučík Street:

Rezident

September 16, 2012. The intersection of the Julius Fučík Street and 8th March Street:

Rezident

September 16, 2012. Julius Fučík Street:

Rezident
__________________

geometarkv, Rail_Serbia liked this post
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 23rd, 2013, 05:23 PM   #2852
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

September 16, 2012. Julius Fučík Street:

Rezident

October 2, 2012. Julius Fučík Street:

Medoed

October 14, 2012. Julius Fučík Street:

Rezident

October 14, 2012. Turnover ring "Metro station 'Botanicheskaya'":

Rezident

October 23, 2012. Julius Fučík Street:

Артём Мальгинов

October 25, 2012. Turnover ring "Metro station 'Botanicheskaya'":

Артём Мальгинов

November 10, 2012. Tatra T3SU tramcar №593 (constructed in 1981) at Julius Fučík Street, tram route №34:

Капитан

December 16, 2012. 71-405 tramcar №007 (constructed in December 2009 by "Uraltransmash" Plant in Yekaterinburg) at turnover ring "Metro station 'Botanicheskaya'", tram route №5:

Серёжа

December 16, 2012. 71-405 tramcar №009 (constructed in January 2010 by "Uraltransmash" Plant in Yekaterinburg) at Julius Fučík Street, tram route №5:

Серёжа
__________________

geometarkv, Rail_Serbia, Contr liked this post
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 23rd, 2013, 05:26 PM   #2853
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

NIZHNY NOVGOROD METRO

2012 - THE MOST SIGNIFICANT EVENTS:

On November 5, 2012 there was opened long-awaited Metro station "Gorkovskaya" ("Maxim Gorky") - 14th station of Nizhny Novgorod Metro. It became first Metro station at the upland part of city, on the right bank of Oka River, in the historical centre of Nizhny Novgorod.

The construction of this important station had been planned by Soviet authorities in mid-1970s. On December 17, 1977 there was started construction of Metro system in Nizhny Novgorod (then Gorky). Unfortunately (unlike Novosibirsk Metro), it was decided to build first line only at the left bank of Oka River, in the industrial part of city, near the industrial enterprises such as GAZ (Gorky Automobile Plant). Gorky Metro was opened on November 20, 1985. There were plans to start Metro construction at the upland part of city after completion of first and second stages. It turned to be great mistake as these plans were delayed due to Soviet collapse and economic chaos of 1990s. As result of economic problems of 1990s, industrial enterprises that situated at the left bank of Oka River were forced to greatly reduce own staff - it led to significant decreasing of the passenger traffic in Nizhny Novgorod Metro. In a contrast, the historical (business) centre of city at the right bank remained without Metro for long time.

Like in Saint Petersburg and Yekaterinburg, the construction of newest 3.4-km long Metro segment ("Moskovskaya" - "Gorkovskaya") in Nizhny Novgorod lasted very long - for almost 24 years. This period included lack of funding and numerous interrupts of construction in 1990s. It was nicknamed "the construction of century" among residents of Nizhny Novgorod. The main task was construction of combined road and Metro bridge - it was very difficult in such financial conditions. The bridge itself was structurally built on November 4, 2008. One year later, its upper deck was opened for road traffic. Finally, on November 5, 2012, its lower deck and Metro station "Gorkovskaya" were opened for passenger operation.

The opening of this segment was very important for whole city. First of all, Nizhny Novgorod residents got opportunity for fast and comfortable transportation between Moscow Rail Terminal and historical centre of city. According to preliminary estimates, the passenger traffic of whole Metro system increased in about two times as result of it. Secondly, Nizhny Novgorod Metro returned the status of the third longest subway system in Russia (after Moscow and Saint Petersburg Metros). Prior to this, it belonged to Novosibirsk Metro during two years (2010-2012). However, Novosibirsk Metro still remains third busiest subway system in Russia.


Urbanrail
__________________

geometarkv, Rail_Serbia liked this post
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 23rd, 2013, 05:29 PM   #2854
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

It's need to say that in 2011-2012 in Russia were held large celebrations dedicated to the great historical victories of Russian people over Western aggressors. In November 2011 were held large celebrations dedicated to the 70th anniversary of the Soviet Victory in the Battle of Moscow of 1941-1942 against Nazi troops. In September 2012 were organized mass celebrations dedicated to 200th anniversary of the Russian Victory over Napoléon's Grande Armée. At last, in November 2012 were held celebrations dedicated to the 400th anniversary of the popular uprising which expelled hordes of Polish–Lithuanian occupiers from Moscow in November 1612, and led to the end of the Time of Troubles (1598-1613). The Russian popular army who that expelled Polish aggressors was formed in Nizhny Novgorod under leadership of local merchant Kuzma Minin.

In the year of commemoration of the 400th anniversary of this victory, in Nizhny Novgorod were held few important events. On February 9, 2012 there was opened cableway between Nizhny Novgorod and neighboring industrial town Bor. On September 29, 2012 it was announced that Nizhny Novgorod included in the list of Russian cities which will be host matches of 2018 FIFA World Cup. On November 4, 2012 there were opened new autoroads leading to the Nizhny Novgorod Metro bridge. That day, Zachatyevskaya (Conception) Tower of Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin was opened after restoration (it was destroyed in late 18th century as result of landslide). Finally, at early morning of November 5, the new Metro station "Gorkovskaya" was opened for passengers.




The Polish–Russian War of 1605-1618 took place in the early 17th century as a sequence of military conflicts and eastward invasions carried out by the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, or the private armies and mercenaries led by the magnates (the Commonwealth aristocracy), when the Russian Tsardom was torn into a series of civil wars, the time most commonly referred in the Russian history as the Time of Troubles (1598-1613), sparked by the Russian dynastic crisis and overall internal chaos. After early Commonwealth victories, which culminated in Polish forces entering Moscow in September 1610, the son of Polish King Sigismund III (1566-1632), Prince Władysław (1595-1648), was briefly elected Tsar of Russia. However, soon afterwards, Sigismund decided to seize the Russian throne for himself. The Polish king opposed the compromise, deciding to take the throne for himself and to convert Russia to Roman Catholicism. The contending factions were opposed and his plan aroused the strong anti-Catholic and anti-Polish feelings in Russia. This alienated the pro-Polish supporters among the Russian noblemen, who could accept the moderate Władysław, but not the pro-Catholic and anti-Orthodox Sigismund. Subsequently, the pro-Polish Russian faction disappeared, and the war resumed in January 1611. By that time, the popular indignation against abuses of the Polish aggressors had gained momentum. Sigismund and Władysław left the city for safer ground as tensions grew, and the Polish garrison at the Kremlin soon became isolated and subject to increased hostility, as more and more of the formerly pro-Polish noblemen began to change factions. The Polish forces outside Moscow under the command of Jan Piotr Sapieha (1569–1611) clashed with the growing anti-Polish Russian forces of the so-called First Volunteer Army, led by statesman Prokopy Lyapunov.

The uprising in Moscow in March 1611 against the Polish garrison marked the end of Russian tolerance for the Commonwealth intervention. The citizens of Moscow had voluntarily participated in the coup in 1606, killing 500 Polish soldiers. Now, ruled by the Poles, they once again revolted. The Moscow burghers took over the munition store but Polish troops defeated the first wave of attackers, and the fighting resulted in a large fire that consumed part of Moscow. From July onward the situation of the Commonwealth forces became grave, as the uprising turned into a siege of the Polish-held Kremlin. Reportedly, the Poles had imprisoned the leader of the Orthodox Church, Patriarch Hermogenes (before 1530-1612). When the Russians attacked Moscow, the Poles ordered him, as the man with the most authority with the Russians at the time, to sign a statement to call off the attack. Hermogenes refused, and was starved to death. The Polish Kremlin garrison then found itself besieged.

Russia was in a critical condition. The throne was vacant; the great nobles quarrelled among themselves; Orthodox Patriarch Hermogenes was imprisoned; Catholic Poles occupied the Moscow Kremlin and Smolensk; the Protestant Swedes occupied Novgorod; continuing Tatar raids left the south borderlands of Russia completely depopulated and devastated; and enormous bands of brigands swarmed everywhere. Tens of thousands died in battles and riots; on 17-19 March 1611, the Poles and German mercenaries suppressed riots in Moscow; they massacred 7000 Muscovites and set the city on fire. Many other cities were also devastated or weakened. For example, on September 22, 1612, the Poles and Lithuanians exterminated the population and clergy of Vologda.

In the meantime, in late 1611, Moscow Prince Dmitry Pozharsky (1577-1642) was asked to lead the public opposition against the Poles, organized by the merchants' guild of Nizhny Novgorod, with the respected town butcher (literally, a meat-trader) Kuzma Minin (? - 1616) overseeing the handling of the funds donated by the merchants to form the Second Volunteer Army. When part of the Polish Army mutinied in January 1612 due to unpaid wages and retreated from Russia towards the Commonwealth, the forces of the Second Volunteer Army strengthened the other anti-Polish Russian forces in Moscow. The 9000-strong Polish army under hetman Jan Karol Chodkiewicz (c. 1560-1621) attempted to lift the siege and clashed with Russian forces, attempting to break through to Polish forces in the Kremlin on September 1. The Polish forces used cavalry attacks in the open field, exercising tactics that were new to them: escorting a mobile tabor fortress through the city. After early Polish successes, the Russian Cossack reinforcements had forced Chodkiewicz's forces to retreat from Moscow. Russian reinforcements under Prince Pozharsky eventually starved the Commonwealth garrison (there were reports of cannibalism) and forced its surrender on the November 1 (though some sources give November 6 or November 7) after the 19-month siege. A historian (Parker) writes vividly of the Polish soldiers: "First they ate grass and offal, then they ate each other, and the survivors finally surrendered. The Moscow Kremlin fell on November 6, 1612". On November 7, the Polish soldiers withdrew from Moscow. Thus, Moscow was liberated from Polish occupiers.

Time of Troubles ended next year. On February 21, 1613 the Zemsky Sobor ("Assembly of the Land") choosed Mikhail Romanov (1596-1645), the 17-year old son of Fyodor Romanov, the new Tsar of Russia. Fyodor Romanov (1553-1633), installed as Patriarch Filaret, was a popular nobleman and Patriarch of Moscow, one of several noblemen who vied to gain control of the Russian throne during the Time of Troubles. Therefore, there was established new Romanov imperial dynasty (1613-1917), and Russia got independence from Polish influence.

Day of People's Unity is national holiday in Russian Federation held on November 4. It commemorates the popular uprising which expelled Polish–Lithuanian occupation forces from Moscow in November 1612, and more generally the end of the Time of Troubles of 1598-1613 and the Polish–Russian War of 1605–1618. The day's name alludes to the idea that all classes of Russian society united to preserve Russian statehood when there was neither a Tsar nor a Patriarch to guide them. In 1613 Russian Tsar Mikhail Romanov instituted a holiday named Day of Moscow’s Liberation from Polish Invaders. It was celebrated in the Russian Empire until 1917, when it was replaced with a commemoration of the Russian Revolution (November 7). Day of People's Unity was reinstituted by the Russian Federation in 2005, since when the year 1612 has been celebrated instead of 1917 every November 4. The day is also the feast day of the Russian Orthodox icon of Our Lady of Kazan.

Monument of "Citizen Minin and Prince Pozharsky from the Grateful Russia" near Saint Basil's Cathedral on Red Square is the oldest sculptural monument in Moscow (created in 1804-1818, sculptor - Ivan Martos). Initially it was supposed to be placed in Nizhny Novgorod:

Лаура Мидянская

Monument of Kuzma Minin and Dmitry Pozharsky in the centre of People's Unity Square in Nizhny Novgorod (nearly exact copy of the Moscow monument) was opened on November 4, 2005 (sculptor - Zurab Tsereteli):

Link

Heritage MTV-82 tramcar №547 (constructed in 1955 at Riga Wagon-Building Plant) at the People's Unity Square:

TatroNik555

Monument of Kuzma Minin near the Dmitrovskaya (Dmitry) Tower of Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin was opened on June 1, 1989 (sculptor - Oleg Komov):

efemerid

November 4, 2012. The opening of the Zachatyevskaya (Conception) Tower of Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin after restoration:

Link

The historical site - Church of Nativity of St. John the Baptist. Here in 1611 local meat trader Kuzma Minin appealed to the people of Nizhny Novgorod to raise a Volunteer Army against the Polish-Lithuanian aggressors. It led to creation of Volunteer Army, cleaning of the Moscow and other Russian cities from Polish-Lithuanian occupants in 1612, end of the Time of Troubles"and the establishment the rule of the Romanov Dynasty in 1613:

TatroNik555

71-619KT tramcar №3395 (constructed in 2008 at Ust-Katav Wagon-Building Plant) near the Church of Nativity of St. John the Baptist:

TatroNik555

"Proclamation of Kuzma Minin on the Nizhny Novgorod square" (1896). The famous picture of Konstantin Makovsky (1839-1915) which was made for the All-Russia Industrial and Art Exhibition 1896 in Nizhny Novgorod:

Wikipedia
__________________

n20, geometarkv, Rail_Serbia liked this post
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 23rd, 2013, 05:29 PM   #2855
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

New Metro station "Gorkovskaya" is named due to location near Maxim Gorky Square and Maxim Gorky Street. Both square and street were named in the honour of Maxim Gorky.

Maxim Gorky (1868-1936) was a great Russian and Soviet author, a founder of the Socialist Realism literary method and a political activist. He was born in Nizhny Novgorod on March 28, 1868 as Alexey Peshkov and became an orphan at the age of eleven. His childhood home is preserved as a museum, known as the Kashirin House in the honour of Alexey's grandfather who owned the place. Gorky was brought up by his grandmother. Her death deeply affected him, and after an attempt at suicide in December 1887, he travelled on foot across the Russian Empire for five years, changing jobs and accumulating impressions used later in his writing. He began using the pseudonym "Gorky" (literally "bitter") in 1892, while working in Tiflis (now Tbilisi, Georgia) for the newspaper "The Caucasus". The name reflected his simmering anger about life in Russia and a determination to speak the bitter truth. Gorky's first book "Essays and Stories" in 1898 enjoyed a sensational success and his career as a writer began. Gorky wrote incessantly, viewing literature less as an aesthetic practice (though he worked hard on style and form) than as a moral and political act that could change the world. He described the lives of people in the lowest strata and on the margins of society, revealing their hardships, humiliations and brutalization, but also their inward spark of humani.

Maxim Gorky's reputation as a unique literary voice from the bottom strata of society and as a fervent advocate of Russia's social, political, and cultural transformation grew. In his writing, he counterposed individuals, aware of their natural dignity, and inspired by energy and will, with people who succumb to the degrading conditions of life around them. Gorky publicly opposed the Imperial regime and was arrested many times. Gorky befriended many Revolutionaries and became Lenin's personal friend after they met in 1902. He exposed governmental control of the press. In 1902, Maxim Gorky was elected an honorary Academician of Literature, but Russian Emperor Nicholas II ordered this annulled. In protest, famous Russian writers Anton Chekhov (1860-1904) and Vladimir Korolenko (1853-1921) left the Academy. Gorky's most influential writings in these years were a series of political plays, most famously "The Lower Depths" (1901-1902). In 1906, the Bolsheviks sent him on a fund-raising trip to the United States, where in the Adirondack Mountains Gorky wrote his famous novel of Revolutionary conversion and struggle, "The Mother". While briefly imprisoned in Peter and Paul Fortress (St. Petersburg) during the abortive Russian Revolution of 1905-1907, Gorky wrote the play "Children of the Sun" (1905), nominally set during an 1862 cholera epidemic, but universally understood to relate to present-day events.

From 1906 to 1913, Maxim Gorky lived in Italy on the island of Capri, partly for health reasons and partly to escape the increasingly repressive atmosphere in Russia. An amnesty granted for the 300th anniversary of the Romanov imperial dinasty allowed Gorky to return to Russia in 1913, where he continued his social criticism, mentored other writers from the common people, and wrote a series of important cultural memoirs, including the first part of his autobiography. During WWI, his apartment in Petrograd (now St. Petersburg) was turned into a Bolshevik staff room, and his politics remained close to the Bolsheviks throughout the Revolutionary period of 1917. These relations became strained, however, after his newspaper "New Life" fell prey to Bolshevik censorship during the ensuing Civil War, around which time Gorky published a collection of essays critical of the Bolsheviks called "Untimely Thoughts" in 1918. (It would not be re-published in Russia until after the collapse of the Soviet Union). The essays call Lenin a tyrant for his senseless arrests and repression of free discourse, and an anarchist for his conspiratorial tactics; Gorky compares Lenin to both the Emperor and Russian Revolutionary Sergey Nechayev (1847-1882). "Lenin and his associates", Gorky wrote, "consider it possible to commit all kinds of crimes ...the abolition of free speech and senseless arrests...." Gorky termed Lenin "a cold-blooded trickster who spares neither the honor nor the life of the Proletariat". On July 13, 1921, Gorky published an appeal to the outside world, claiming that millions of Russian lives were menaced by crop failure. Thanks to it, International Committee for Russian Relief under leadership of Fridtjof Nansen (1861-1930), American Relief Administration under leadership of future U.S. President Herbert Hoover (1874-1964) and other international organizations began own mission in Russia with sending significant numbers of foodstuffs and medical aid that helped overcome aftermaths of famine of 1921-1922 and typhus epidemic that ravaged country. On August 3, 1921, Russian poet Nikolay Gumilyov (1886-1921), Gorky's friend and fellow writer was arrested by the Petrograd Cheka (Emergency Commission) for his monarchist views. Gorky hurried to Moscow, obtained an order to release Gumilyov from Lenin personally, but upon his return to Petrograd he found out that Gumilyov had already been shot. On October 16, 1921, Maxim Gorky returned to abroad due to ideological differences with the Soviet power and on health grounds: he had tuberculosis.

According to famous Russian writer Alexander Solzhenitsyn (1918-2008), Gorky's return to the Soviet Union was motivated by material needs. In Sorrento, Gorky found himself without money and without fame. He visited the USSR several times after 1928, and in 1932 Joseph Stalin personally invited him to return for good, an offer he accepted. Maxim Gorky's return from Fascist Italy was a major propaganda victory for the Soviets. He was decorated with the Order of Lenin and given a mansion (formerly belonging to the millionaire Stepan Ryabushinsky, now the Gorky Museum) in Moscow and a cottage in the suburbs. The major street in Moscow (Tver Street) as well as streets in the many other Soviet cities were renamed in his honor. Even during his lifetime, Nizhny Novgorod was renamed into Gorky following his return to the Soviet Union in 1932. It's known what writer was against this renaming.

May 18, 1928. The ticker-tape reception of Maxim Gorky in Moscow:


On October 11, 1931 Gorky read his fairy tale "A Girl and Death" to his visitors Joseph Stalin, Kliment Voroshilov and Vyacheslav Molotov, an event that was later depicted by Viktor Govorov in his painting. On that same day Stalin left his autograph on the last page of this work by Gorky: "This piece is stronger than Goethe's Faust (love defeats death)". In 1933 Gorky edited an infamous book about the White Sea-Baltic Canal, presented as an example of "successful rehabilitation of the former enemies of Proletariat". With the increase of Stalinist repression and especially after the assassination of Leningrad Communist Party leader Sergey Kirov (1886-1934) on December 1, 1934, Gorky was placed under unannounced house arrest in his house near Moscow. The sudden death of Gorky's son Maxim Peshkov (1897-1934) on May 11, 1934 was followed by the death of Maxim Gorky himself on June 18, 1936. Speculation has long surrounded the circumstances of his death. Joseph Stalin and Vyacheslav Molotov were among those who carried Gorky's coffin during the funeral. During the Bukharin trials in 1938, one of the charges was that Gorky was killed by NKVD agents according to order of Genrikh Yagoda (1891-1838), who was 1st People's Commissar for Internal Affairs of USSR (1934-1936). In Soviet times, before and after his death, the complexities in Gorky's life and outlook were reduced to an iconic image (echoed in heroic pictures and statues dotting the countryside): Maxim Gorky as a great Soviet writer who emerged from the common people, a loyal friend of the Bolsheviks, and the founder of the increasingly canonical "Socialist Realism".

Maxim Gorky's speeches:


1901, Gaspra (Crimea). Three great Russian writers - Leo Tolstoy (1828-1910), Maxim Gorky (1868-1936) and Anton Chekhov (1860-1904):

Link

1920, Petrograd (now Saint Petersburg). Maxim Gorky (1868-1936) and Herbert Wells (1866-1946):

Link

July 1935, Gorki-10 (Moscow Region). Maxim Gorky (1868-1936) and Romain Rolland (1866-1944):

Link

Monument of Maxim Gorky on Maxim Gorky Square at Nizhny Novgorod (opened on November 2, 1952; sculptor - Vera Mukhina, architects - Viktor Lebedev and Pavel Schteller). From October 7, 1932 to October 22, 1990 the city was known as Gorky in his honour:

helst11
__________________

geometarkv, Rail_Serbia liked this post
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 23rd, 2013, 05:31 PM   #2856
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

In the Soviet years, in Russia were opened two Metro stations with name "Gorkovskaya". Let's see how theme of Gorky's creativity was realized in the decoration of these stations.

SAINT PETERSBURG (1963)

"Gorkovskaya" is a station on the Moskovsko-Petrogradskaya Line 2 of the Saint Petersburg Metro. It's located near the intersection of the Crownwork Avenue and Stony Island Avenue, in the Kronverkskoye Municipal Okrug, Petrogradsky District. The station is located in close proximity to the Peter and Paul Fortress, as well as the Saint Petersburg Mosque and Leningrad Zoo.

"Gorkovskaya" was opened on July 1, 1963. The station is named due to location at the beginning of the Crownwork Avenue which was known as Maxim Gorky Avenue in 1932-1990. On September 23, 1932 the Crownwork Avenue was renamed in the honour of Maxim Gorky who lived at this avenue in 1914-1921 in the apartment house #23. On October 4, 1991 this avenue was renamed back to Crownwork Avenue.

The architects of station were Sergey Yevdokimov, N. Bashnin, Askold Izoitko, Sergey Mikhaylov and Yevgeny Travnikov. "Gorkovskaya" is the deep-level three-vaulted station of the pylon type with shortened central hall (depth - 53 m). The simple decoration of station is dedicated to Maxim Gorky. The pylons of station are faced with Saaremaa limestone with the inclusion of roughly processed blocks. There are mounted round lamps under the cornices of pylons. The southern wall of central hall is decorated with relief portrait of Maxim Gorky made of same limestone (scuptors - Mikhail Gabe, A. Torich and P. Yakimovich). The track walls are decorated with grilles with patterns on the theme of Gorky's works. The floor of central hall is paved with grey granite. Initially the floor surface of the side platform was asphalted, and track walls were faced with white ceramic tile. It was changed during reconstruction of 2008-2009. The exit from station is located at the northern end, with three escalators.

The ground-level vestibule of station is located near the intersection of the Crownwork Avenue and Stony Island Avenue. Initially there located old pavilion which was built in 1963 according to project of Aron Getskin and Valentina Shuvalova. It was typical round building with cupola and glazed entrances. The vestibule was designed to withstand a direct impact during carpet bombing. It was located on some elevation in order to protect from the danger of flooding. Its canopy was strengthened with special supports after sadly famous collapse of the concrete canopy of the vestibule of Metro station "Sennaya Ploshchad" ("Hay Square") on June 10, 1999. In 2000-2005, due to location of station near Neva River, there appeared serious problems with waterproofing of escalator tunnel. On October 11, 2008 this station was closed for reconstruction. Within 14.5 months trains bypassed "Gorkovskaya" without stops. During reconstruction, old pavilion was completely demolished and replaced with new building in UFO-style. As result, the total area of pavilion increased in three times, the height of its cylinder increased on 8 metres and pavilion became in two times wider. The cupola of new pavilion is decorated with hemispherical art object depicting craters - it was nicknamed "udder" due to its shape and pink colour. Also, there were made works for waterproofing of escalator tunnel during reconstruction of 2008-2009. The asphalt surface at the side platforms was replaced with granite, and white ceramic tile at the track walls was replaced with white ceramogranite. The station was reopened after reconstruction on December 26, 2009.

August 12, 2007. The old pavilion of Metro station "Gorkovskaya" before the reconstruction:

Wikipedia


Metrowalks

The new pavilion of Metro station "Gorkovskaya" after the reconstruction:

suart-group

December 26, 2009. The "dance of extraterrestrials" at the reopening of station:

greenmama

April 9, 2010. The art object (so-called "udder") at the cupola of new pavilion:

Битцевский панк

February 19, 2011. The underground hall of station:

Битцевский панк

February 19, 2011:

Битцевский панк

"Stormy Petrel":

Битцевский панк

The relief portrait of Maxim Gorky:

Битцевский панк
__________________

n20, geometarkv, Rail_Serbia liked this post
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 23rd, 2013, 05:32 PM   #2857
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

MOSCOW (1979)

"Tverskaya" ("Tver"), known as "Gorkovskaya" prior to November 5, 1990, is a station on the Zamoskvoretskaya Line 2 of the Moscow Metro. It's located near the Pushkin Square and intersection of the Tver Street and Boulevard Ring, in the Tverskoy District, Central Administrative Okrug. The station have transfers to Metro stations "Pushkinskaya" ("Alexander Pushkin"; Line 7; opened on December 17, 1975) and "Chekhovskaya" ("Anton Chekhov"; Line 9; opened on December 31, 1987).

The station is named due to location near 1.6-km long Tver Street, the main and probably best-known radial street in Moscow. It named because it leads in direction to ancient Russian city of Tver that was center of large principality in medieval times. Since 18th century, this street became part of road between Moscow and Saint Petersburg (through Tver). In 1932, Tver Street and neighboring 1st Tver-Yam Street became parts of newly-formed Gorky Street. In 1990 Gorky Street was divided, and two streets got its original names. As a result, on November 5, 1990, Metro station "Gorkovskaya" ("Maxim Gorky") was renamed into "Tverskaya" ("Tver").

This station was opened on July 20, 1979 at the existing deep-level Metro track of the Line 2, between Metro stations "Mayakovskaya" ("Vladimir Mayakovsky") and "Ploshchad Sverdlova" ("Sverdlov Square"), that now is "Teatralnaya" ("Theatre") - both stations were opened on September 11, 1938. It was first case in the world practice when Metro station was built at existing deep-level track without any limitation of passenger operation in the tunnel.

According to the Soviet plans of 1932, Metro station with project name "Strastnaya Ploshchad" was originally supposed to be opened in 1938 along with the rest of the Gorkovsky Radius, as part of the second stage of the Moscow Metro construction (1935-1938). However this was abandoned and a provision of a straight tunnel, with reinforced structure was left. But upon the change in the Metro development plans in the early 1960s, a future transfer node was to be organised in the area of Pushkin Square. The construction of Metro stations "Pushkinskaya" and "Gorkovskaya" began in early-1970s. On December 17, 1975 was opened Metro station "Pushkinskaya" (Line 9) named after great Russian author Alexander Pushkin (1799-1837). On July 20, 1979 on existing deep-level track was opened transfer station "Gorkovskaya" (Line 2) named after great Russian writer Maxim Gorky (1868-1936). Its design marked a real engineering achievement, as the central hall and the passenger platforms were built without any disruption to the passenger service. On December 31, 1987 was opened third station of transfer node - "Chekhovskaya" (Line 9) named after great Russian dramatist Anton Chekhov (1860-1904). It's interesting that initially all three stations of the transfer node were named and decorated in the honour of great Russian writers who represents three different eras in the Russian literature and history (the themes of station's decors - "Pushkin's Winter", "Chekhov's Theatre" and "Revolutionary Gorky"). For this reason, this transfer node got nickname "Three Writers" among Muscovites. However, after renaming of "Gorkovskaya" station on November 5, 1990, this singularity was lost.

The architects of station were Roman Semerdzhiyev, Boris Tkhor, Nadezhda Shreter, Viktor Cheryomin and P. Kiryushin. "Tverskaya" is the deep-level three-vaulted station of the pylon type (depth - 42 m). Its decoration dedicated to Maxim Gorky's works, and architects made best to simultaneously show the Revolutionary Constructivism shapes of flared pylons and plastered ceiling thus leaving the engineering achievement visible. The pylons and track walls of station are faced with pale grey marble. The floor is paved with red granite. The light fixtures are hidden beyond the cornices of pylons. Originally the southern end of the central hall was decorated with a sculptural composition dedicated to the theme of Gorky's works (sculptor - Vyacheslav Klykov). However, in 1987, after the opening of a transfer with Metro station "Chekhovskaya" (Line 9), this sculptural composition was moved to the transfer corridor. The exit from station is located at the northern end, with three escalators. Transfer to Metro station "Pushkinskaya" (Line 7) is achieved through the two passageways in the centre of platform, and via the combined underground vestibule under the Pushkin Square. This vestibule is linked with underpasses with 12 exits at the all sides of the intersection of the Tver Street and Boulevard Ring. This underpass was bombed on August 8, 2000, at 5:55 pm, killing 13 and injuring 118 people.

1979. The unique construction of Metro station "Gorkovskaya" at existing deep-level track:

Юлия Медведева

1980. Metro station "Gorkovskaya", now "Tverskaya":

Metro.ru

March 13, 2010. Metro station "Tverskaya":

Битцевский панк


Битцевский панк

The transfer corridor between Metro stations "Tverskaya" and "Chekhovskaya":

Татьяна Вл.

September 5, 2010. The monument of Maxim Gorky (sculptor - Vyacheslav Klykov):

Битцевский панк
__________________

n20, geometarkv, Rail_Serbia liked this post
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 23rd, 2013, 05:33 PM   #2858
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

The entrances to the underpass where located the combined underground vestibule of Metro stations "Pushkinskaya" and "Tverskaya":

xoxol-xoxol2008


PrinzessaGrёz

The memorial plaque in the underpass "in memory of people who died and suffered from act of terrorism on August 8, 2000":

nvirtiuga
__________________

geometarkv, Rail_Serbia liked this post
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 23rd, 2013, 05:34 PM   #2859
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

BRIEF HISTORY OF NIZHNY NOVGOROD METRO (1977-2012)

Nizhny Novgorod (known in the Soviet times as Gorky) is a large city on the middle Volga. In the mid 1970s the population of the place exceeded a million thus meeting the Soviet requirements to develop a rapid-transit system. Construction began on December 17, 1977 and the network was opened to the public on November 20, 1985 becoming the third such system in Russia, and the tenth in the former Soviet Union.

Unlike other Soviet-time Metros, Nizhny Novgorod does not feature the traditional triangle layout of three line, six radii intersecting under city centre. This is because of the unusual layout of the city. Nizhny Novgorod is located on the right bank of the Volga River, and at the confluence of the Oka River. Over the 20th century, the city developed in a polycentric manner. The historical city centre, including the Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin bears most of administrative, cultural and educational functions and is located on the high hilly right bank of the Oka River, whilst the low flat left bank hosts city's most industries and some major residential districts grouped around the three centers - in Kanavino (where the city's central Rail Terminal and the largest urban transport hubs are located), Sormovo (with the largest industry being the "Red Sormovo", the one of Russia's most important machine-building plants) and Avtozavod (with GAZ automobile plant, one of the largest companies in the Russian automotive industry).

Faced with such a physical dislocation, the planners adopted a design that would feature two lines with four radii opened in a series of stages (and each stage in segments). The main hub of the system, Metro station "Moskovskaya" ("Moscow"), located next to Moscow Rail Terminal in Nizhny Novgorod, would feature a four track two island platform arrangement offering a cross-platform transfer. The first stage would be Avtozavodskaya Line, following south along the left bank of the Oka River, through residential and industrial zones of Leninsky District, the massive GAZ automobile plant and into the residential Avtozavodsky District. The second stage would be the Sormovskaya Line which would go from "Moskovskaya" west into the Sormovsky District. The third stage would feature a Metro bridge across the Oka River taking the "Avtozavodskaya" into the city centre, and the fourth and final stage would be the Sormovskaya Line passing into the Meshcherskoye Ozero residential area north-west of the Moscow Rail Terminal, on the bank of the Volga River. All of this would be finished by the late-1990s and the system would be a total of 25 kilometres long with above 20 stations.

The order in which the stages was opened was influenced by the industry-centric flows of passengers of the Soviet period, and the depot placement issue. Cross-river traffic used not to be as intense as it is today. GAZ was not only the dominating employer of the Avtozavodsky District, but also consumed a lot of workforce from the northern parts of the city. The only suitable plot for the train depot was found near the automobile plant, too. Whilst the pace of Metro construction in the Soviet Union was impressive, it did not, and could not foresee the events that would happen when the Soviet Union collapsed and how the financial and social implications would make the Nizhny Novgorod Metro a system with a very difficult future. So, when the first stage was completed in 1989, construction began on the second one ...... and that was the state in which the Nizhny Novgorod Metro embraced the 1990s.

The collapse of the Soviet Union had devastating effects on the economy and people's lives. Aided with a hyperinflation, almost all funding of expansion of Metros, save Moscow and Saint Petersburg was cut. Those segments that did open in the early-1990s were mostly completed already and the bankrupt companies and workers struggled to finish them off. In late 1993 the first two-station segment of the Sormovskaya Line was opened in Nizhny Novgorod. Prior to opening of "Gorkovskaya" station, Nizhny Novgorod Metro had an unusual operation. Formally it consisted of two lines and 13 stations. However as "Moskovskaya" was terminus for both of them, the trains arrives from one line continued into the other. Only two of the four tracks on "Moskovskaya" were in regular use, thus made sense to class it as a single station instead of two.

Metro station "Gorkovskaya" - the first station on the right bank of Oka River - has been open on November 5, 2012, allowing the Nizhny Novgorod Metro to become the transport artery that it was designed to be. Before 2012 extension, the biggest problem was that despite being the newest of its "new" Russian Metro rivals (new refers to Novosibirsk, Samara and Yekaterinburg) it had a passenger traffic that is one of the lowest - 27.9 million annual ridership in 2011. For comparison, the passenger traffic of the Novosibirsk Metro, which was opened at same period (January 1986 vs November 1985), had almost same length (16.0 vs 15.5 km) and same number of stations (13), was almost in 2.7 times more that this.

The root of this problem was not the layout but the Soviet priorities on stage openings, over the past decade, the new Russian population's social structure greatly changed. Many chose to abandon the factories and, particularly the younger generation, in favour of a career in commerce. For Nizhny Novgorod this had a great effect on the daily transport pattern, where the city centre became a nexus for the region's business. Many agree that it was a grave mistake not to link up the two banks of the Oka River prior to continuing the expansion into the residential districts.

2006, Nizhny Novgorod aerial view. Oka River divides the city into two parts:

Wikipedia
__________________

n20, geometarkv, Rail_Serbia liked this post
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 23rd, 2013, 05:35 PM   #2860
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

NIZHNY NOVGOROD METRO BRIDGE (1992-2012)

On November 5, 2012 the lower section of the Nizhny Novgorod Metro bridge was commissioned for regular passenger operation.



Nizhny Novgorod Metro Bridge is a steel truss two-level bridge carrying road and subway over the Oka River in Nizhny Novgorod, connecting the area of Moscow Rail Terminal with historical city center.

The first project of the Metro bridge was drafted in 1987, together with project of the "Gorkovskaya" station. According to this project, Metro bridge was supposed to be built without autoroad section. The construction of 1.3 km-long Metro bridge across the Oka River began in 1992, but it was stopped in 1995 due to lack of funding. The works were restarted in 2000-2002 (according to the new project of 1999, which provided construction of the road section at upper level), but it was slowed again in 2003 due to cancelling of road tax. Finally, construction was resumed in 2006 after appointment of former Deputy Mayor of Moscow Valery Shantsev (born 1947) at the post of the Governor of Nizhny Novgorod Region. The bridge itself was structurally completed on November 4, 2008 (Day of People's Unity). One year later, on November 4, 2009 was opened upper level of the bridge for the road traffic. The testing of road section by KAMAZ trucks was held on October 21, 2009, two weeks before the opening (the weight of test load - 700 tons). The width of upper deck is 18 metres, it carries 4 lanes of traffic. In 2010 was continued construction of the autoroads leading to the bridge. The second stage of the right-bank autoroads was put into operation on November 4, 2010. Two years later, on November 4, 2012 were put into operation third stage of the right-bank autoroads and second stage of the left-bank autoroads.

The construction of the lower deck for Metro operation was continued in 2010. The glazing of the lower level began in December 2011. On July 26, 2012 the first fuel-powered car rode through rails of lower deck. On October 24, 2012 the first testing Metro train rode from "Moskovskaya" to "Gorkovskaya" stations. On November 4, 2012, during the celebrations dedicated to the 400th anniversary of liberation of Moscow from the hordes of Polish-Lithuanian aggressors, there was held official opening of Metro station "Gorkovskaya" with participation of the Governor of Nizhny Novgorod Region Valery Shantsev and other officials. Since early morning of November 5, the new Metro station and Metro bridge were opened for regular passenger operation. The length of road section is 1344 metres, the length of Metro section - 1234 meters. The total cost of construction was about 14 billion rubles (~500 mln. USD).

Nizhny Novgorod Metro bridge:

s1rus


eugeniy

Saviour (Old Fair) Cathedral was built in 1818-1822 by architects Agustín de Betancourt and Auguste de Montferrand:

eugeniy


Сергей Булатов


Сергей Булатов


s1rus


s1rus

Revolution Square, Moscow Rail Terminal and vestibule of Metro station "Moskovskaya" (left):

s1rus
__________________

n20, geometarkv, Rail_Serbia liked this post
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote


Reply

Tags
метро, kazan, metro, novosibirsk, samara, st. petersburg, subway, transport

Thread Tools

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off

Related topics on SkyscraperCity


All times are GMT +2. The time now is 11:00 AM.


Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.11 Beta 4
Copyright ©2000 - 2018, vBulletin Solutions Inc.
Feedback Buttons provided by Advanced Post Thanks / Like (Pro) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2018 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.

vBulletin Optimisation provided by vB Optimise (Pro) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2018 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.

SkyscraperCity ☆ In Urbanity We trust ☆ about us | privacy policy | DMCA policy

tech management by Sysprosium