daily menu » rate the banner | guess the city | one on oneforums map | privacy policy | DMCA | news magazine | posting guidelines

Go Back   SkyscraperCity > Infrastructure and Mobility Forums > Subways and Urban Transport

Subways and Urban Transport Metros, subways, light rail, trams, buses and other local transport systems



Global Announcement

As a general reminder, please respect others and respect copyrights. Go here to familiarize yourself with our posting policy.


Reply

 
Thread Tools
Old July 15th, 2010, 09:20 PM   #281
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

Plans of the futher development of Krasnoyarsk Metro:
__________________

geometarkv liked this post
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote

Sponsored Links
Old July 15th, 2010, 09:21 PM   #282
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

Stations of first stage:

1) "Vysotnaya" ("Altitudinal station"):

It planned to be shallow single-vaulted station. Project of station: *
* Note: All Krasnoyarsk Metro stations will be designed by St.-Peterburg research institute "Lenmetrogiprotrans" in the style of St.-Peterburg Metro stations. There are photos of exists St.-Peterburg Metro stations. It's planned to built Metro stations of Krasnoyarsk in similar style:



March 11, 2004. Construction of station:












May 2007:








June 7, 2008:
__________________

Rail_Serbia, geometarkv liked this post
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old July 15th, 2010, 09:22 PM   #283
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

2) "Ulitsa Kopylova" ("Kopylov * street"):
Vasiliy Kopylov was a Governor of Yenisey Governorate since 1835 till 1845

It planned to be deep-level tri-vaulted station of pylon type. Project of station:


Station planned to be built near this place. May 2007:


3) "Vokzalnaya" ("Railway station"):

It planned to be deep-level single-vaulted station. Project of station:


May 2007, general view:


May 2007, mine of station:
__________________

Rail_Serbia, geometarkv liked this post
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old July 15th, 2010, 09:22 PM   #284
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

Stations of second stage:

After opening of the first three stations there is planned to built two more stations - "Ploshchad Revolutsii" and "Prospekt Mira". On May 28, 2008 it was decided to stop the construction of these stations. In 2009 began works on the "conservation" of stations and backfilling of mines by sand.

4) "Ploshchad Revolutsii" ("Revolution Square"):

It planned to be deep-level tri-vaulted station of pylon type. Project of station:


Mine of station. In 2009 it was dismantled:


5) "Prospekt Mira" ("Peace Avenue"):

It planned to be deep-level tri-vaulted station of pylon type. Project of station:


The vestibule of station planned to be built in the ground floor of trade store:
__________________

Rail_Serbia liked this post
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old July 15th, 2010, 09:25 PM   #285
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

Current condition of Metro building in Krasnoyarsk:

In 2009, due to financial crisis, it was decided to decrease funding of Krasnoyarsk Metropoliten to 50 mln. Roubles. In addition, due to geological difficulties the first Metro line planned to be built deep-level. It's increases the complexity and cost of construction compared with construction of shallow stations.

According to officials, first Metro line with three stations planned to be open in 2013-2015. But this plans seems unrealistic. After opening of three stations they are planned to resume construction of stations "Ploshchad Revolutsii" and "Prospekt Mira". All construction works were stopped.
__________________

Rail_Serbia, geometarkv liked this post
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old July 16th, 2010, 12:04 AM   #286
ruslan33
Registered User
 
ruslan33's Avatar
 
Join Date: Oct 2007
Posts: 1,829
Likes (Received): 333

^K-lex do you have pictures of the metro depot of Kazan ? When was the new depot build ?
ruslan33 no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old July 16th, 2010, 01:32 AM   #287
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

Quote:
Originally Posted by ruslan33 View Post
^K-lex do you have pictures of the metro depot of Kazan ? When was the new depot build ?
Construction of the site for depot was started in July 1999, construction of depot - in May 2001, it was comissioned in August 2005.

Photos taken from:
http://kazantransport.by.ru/metro/gal-depo.htm















__________________

Rail_Serbia, geometarkv liked this post
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old July 16th, 2010, 01:38 AM   #288
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

















__________________

Rail_Serbia, geometarkv liked this post
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old July 17th, 2010, 04:46 PM   #289
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

Plans of the Metro opening in other Russian cities:

Part Three - Chelyabinsk Metro:

Chelyabinsk is a city in Russia, located just to the east of the Ural Mountains, on Miass River. It is the administrative center of Chelyabinsk Region. The city is located in the north-western side of its Region, 210 km south of Yekaterinburg. Its area is 530 sq km. The population of Chelyabinsk is 1.096 mln. people with more than 100 ethnic groups, the city is the ninth most populous in Russia.

Fortress Chelyaba, from which the city takes its name, was constructed on the site in 1736; the city was incorporated in 1781. Around 1900, it served as a center for the construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway. According to official statistics the population on 1 January 1913 was 45,000 inhabitants.

During the Soviet industrialization of the 1930s, Chelyabinsk experienced rapid growth. Several industrial establishments, including the Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant and the Chelyabinsk Metallurgical Plant, were built at this time. During World War II, Joseph Stalin decided to move a large part of Soviet factory production to places out of the way of the advancing German armies in late 1941. This brought new industries and thousands of workers to Chelyabinsk — still essentially a small city. Several enormous facilities for the production of T-34 tanks and Katyusha rocket launchers existed in Chelyabinsk, which became known as "Tankograd" (Tank City). Chelyabinsk was essentially built from scratch during this time. A small town existed before this, signs of which can be found in the centre of the city. The Sergey Kirov Factory no. 185 moved here from Leningrad to produce heavy tanks — it was transferred to Omsk after 1962.

Chelyabinsk is one of the major industrial centers of Russia. Heavy industry predominates, especially metallurgy and military machinery, notably the Chelyabinsk Metallurgical Combinate (CMK, ChMK), Chelyabinsk Tractor Plant (CTZ, ChTZ), Chelyabinsk Electrode plant (CHEZ), Chelyabinsk Tube Rolling Plant (ChTPZ) and Chelyabinsk Forge-and-Press Plant (ChKPZ).

Chelyabinsk also has several electronics plants, including Metran, Polet and Zavod Electromashina, that serve both military and civil needs.

Chelyabinsk Metro is an underground rapid transit system being constructed. Envisioned in the 1960s, construction started in 1992. During the Soviet period a typical 3-line-network was planned.

In March 1998, before the 1998 Russian financial crisis, Pyotr Sumin, Governor of the Chelyabinsk province, called the Chelyabinsk Metro one of the most important construction projects in the region. Construction companies in arrears on their taxes to the local and federal governments offered their services to build the Metro in lieu of payment. The project was therefore being financed by the tax debt of the construction companies to various government bodies. Now it is funded jointly by the governments of Russia, Chelyabinsk Region and the city of Chelyabinsk, allocating in total around $40 mln a year.

The project was initially due to be completed by 2000, but has been postponed several times due to lack of financing:

April 2001 - First part of the metro line, "Komsomolskaya Ploshchad" - "Ploshchad Revolutsii" - "Torgovyi Tsentr" (3 stations), might be opened in summer 2006. In 2001, 74 mln roubles were asigned to Chelyabinsk metro from the federal budget;
August 2004 - The opening of the first section including three stations ("Komsomolskaya Ploshchad" - "Ploshchad Revolutsii" - "Torgovyi Tsentr") is envisaged for 2010, if financing can be guaranteed;
November 11, 2004 - TBM "Lovat" begun to work;
May 2006 - Cut-and-cover construction of "Komsomolskaya Ploshchad" station has begun;
July 2006 - 342 meters of tunnels have been dug. Target date of opening of first section (3 stations) is 2010;

January 2007 - There will be 4 stations instead of 3 on the first section of Chelyabinsk metro: "Komsomolskaya Ploshchad", "Ploshchad' Revolutsii", "Torgovyi Tsentr" and "Prospect Pobedy". Its total length will make 5.7 km plus a 1 km branch to the depot. This was announced by the Deputy Director of "Chelyabinskmetrotransstroy" Anatoliy Zaprudin on the 24 January, 2007. Metrostroy has dug as much as 516 m of tunnels in 2006. From which: 232m by shooting towards "Torgovyi Tsentr", 284 m by TBM "Lovat" towards "Komsomolskaya Ploshchad". In 2007 it is planned to build another 1.5 km of Chelyabinsk Metro. Opening of the first section of Chelyabinsk Metro was shifted to at least 2013. On January 2007 Ildar Usmanov - General Manager of "Chelyabinskmetrotransstroy" - announced at a press conference that they are behind the schedule for several years. Thus, in 2006 TBM "Lovat" has dug only 284 m instead of planned 991 m.

The construction plan was developed many years ago and as the city has expanded and transport needs have changed greatly, critics argue that the initial stations will be of little help in reducing traffic congestion or improving the transportation system. In addition, Metro building is very difficult due to structure of Chelyabinsk's soil.

Alternative projects such as a Metrotram or surface trains have been rejected.

As of February 2010, some 3.6 km of tunnel has been made, out of a total 6.7 km.

The current plans include opening four stations and the depot by 2014. The four stations will be:
1) "Komsomolskaya Ploshchad" ("Komsomol Square");
2) "Ploshchad Revolutsii" ("Revolution Square");
3) "Torgovyi Tsentr" ("Trade Center");
4) "Prospekt Pobedy" ("Victory Avenue").

The total length of tunnels will be 5.7 km, with an additional 1 km track to the depot.



Further plans include an extension of this line both east and west and two more lines. The second line will run from the north ("Stalevarov") via the "Ploshchad Revolutsii" and the Central Railway Station to the south ("Mashinostroiteley"). The third line is planned to connect the northeast ("Pervoozernaya") to the southwest ("Shershnevskaya") via "Prospekt Pobedy" and the Central Railway Station.

Two more lines running from north to southeast and from northeast to southwest are planned; their time of construction is undefined.

__________________

Rail_Serbia, geometarkv liked this post
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old July 17th, 2010, 04:48 PM   #290
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

Stations of first line:

1) "Prospekt Pobedy" ("Victory Avenue"):

Project os station (it's planned to be deep-level single-vaulted station):


2) "Torgovyi Tsentr" ("Trade Centre"):

Project of station (it's planned to be deep-level single-vaulted station):


2005, Trade Centre:


October 3, 2006. Station will be located at this place:


3) "Ploshchad Revolutsii" ("Revolution Square"):

Project of station (it's planned to be deep-level tri-vaulted station of wall column type):


October 3, 2006. Eastern vestibule of station planned to be built at this side of square:
__________________

Rail_Serbia, geometarkv liked this post
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old July 17th, 2010, 04:50 PM   #291
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

4) "Komsomolskaya Ploshchad" ("Komsomol * Square"):
* Communist Union of Youth

Project of station (it's planned to be shallow tri-vaulted station of column type):


October 3, 2006. Construction of fence for future construction site:


November 20, 2007. Foundation Pit:


November 20, 2007. End of construction of right tunnel from future Metro depot to the station:


October 10, 2009. Construction site:








November 27, 2009. Construction of station:










5) "Traktorozavodskaya" ("Tractor Plant"):

Project of station (it's planned to be shallow single-vaulted station of column type):
__________________

Rail_Serbia, geometarkv liked this post
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old July 17th, 2010, 04:52 PM   #292
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

Current condition of the Metro building in Chelyabinsk:

In 2010 due to lack of funding the construction of Metro was stopped. On February 3, 2010, during the video conference Governor of Chelyabinsk Region Pyotr Sumin asked President of Russia, Dmitry Medvedev, to help the city with funding from federal budget. Medvedev re-addressed this request to the Minister of Transport of Russian Federation, Igor Levitin. However, Ministry refused to Chelyabinsk in the necessary funding. In the end of February 2010 General contractor "Chelyabinskmetrostroy" informed about significant reduction of its staff.

On May 27, 2010 at the All-Russian city-planning meeting Head Architect of the Moscow Public limited company "Metrogiprotrans" Nikolay Shumakov (who was born at Chelyabinsk Region) presented a new project of the first line of Chelyabinsk Metro from the station "Traktorozavodskaya" to the station "Prospekt Pobedy". Unlike past projects, current project is cheaper on 30%. According the new project, the total length of tunnels will be 7.4 km, with an additional 1.1 km track to the depot.

On June 23, 2010 Chelyabinsk officials approved a new project. This day City-Manager Sergey Davydov gave the following information: during 18 years of Metro building in Chelyabinsk has been spent 12 billion rubles (near $400 mln), it's necessary additional 25 billion rubles (near $833 mln) for the construction of first line. The Chelyabinsk Metro planned to be open not early 2016.

New rendering of stations:

1) "Prospekt Pobedy" ("Victory Avenue"):




2) "Torgovyi Tsentr" ("Trade Centre"):








3) "Ploshchad Revolutsii" ("Revolution Square"):








4) "Komsomolskaya Ploshchad":


5) "Traktorozavodskaya" ("Tractor Plant"):




Engineer building:




__________________

Rail_Serbia, geometarkv liked this post
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old July 17th, 2010, 06:04 PM   #293
warden987
Registered User
 
Join Date: Jul 2009
Location: Маннгейм, Баден-&#1042
Posts: 1,190
Likes (Received): 903

I think the name of this thread does not exactly correspond to the actual info in this thread. It'd be better to rename it as Moscow. Metro System Compilation.
warden987 no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old July 17th, 2010, 06:57 PM   #294
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

Abandoned projects of the Russian Metro systems:

Part One - Ufa Metro:

Ufa is the capital of the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia. Ufa is the capital and the administrative, political, economic, scientific and cultural center of the republic. Ufa is one of the largest cities in Russia. The population is 1.038 mln. people. In terms of ethnic composition, it is dominated by Russians, Tatars and Bashkirs. An inhabitant of the city is called an "ufimets". Ufa is famous for its oil, gas, minerals, and Bashkir honey. The distance from Moscow by train is 1567 km. Estimated travel time by car is 32 hours (1357 km from Moscow). Estimated travel time by flight is two hours (from Moscow). Ufa is situated in eastern Europe near its land boundary with Asia, at the confluence of the Belaya and the Ufa rivers, on low hills to the west of southern Urals.

The city began as a fortress built on the orders of Ivan IV in 1574, and originally bore the name of the hill it stood on, Tura-Tau. The city began to be called Ufa, meaning "small" in Turkic, by locals and the name stuck. It achieved town status in 1586. In 1802, Ufa became the principal city of Bashkortostan. In 1918, Ufa was the residence of the Provisional All-Russian Government. The city which had only 265,000 inhabitants in 1956 has grown rapidly due to the important oil industry in the area. The city which merged with its northern neighbour Chernikovsk has a 40 km north-south and a 15 km east-west extension and is building Europe's easternmost metro network.

The Ufa Metro is a planned and oft-delayed Metro system. It has been planned since the late 1980s. On May 30 1996, during the presidential election campaign, there was a ceremony with participation of President of Russia, Boris Yeltsin, marking the beginning of preparatory construction work. This would be line 1 of a future 3-line network. The first line, under construction since 1997, runs north-south from "Permovayaskaya" to "Sportivnaya": 9.1 km, 6 stations, average station distance is 1,500 m. 4 more stations are planned further south.



In 1998, the government decided to run the first trains by 2007. In 2004, this was delayed to 2010. Presently there is no construction work taking place.

“Rosbalt”, 05/04/2005, Main News:

Ufa authorities gave up construction of metro.

"UFA, April 5, 2005. Ufa Authorities have finally given up the idea of construction of metro, which existed since 1960s. According to the correspondent “Rosbalt”, this was claimed in the briefing of the first vice-mayor of Ufa, Ramil Halimov on Tuesday. According to Halimov, the project of metropolitan construction in Ufa is economically senseless within the nowadays circumstances. The estimated annual costs for metro are around 1-1.5 milliard roubles, that, according to Halimov, comparable with costs of construction of “Polief” plant and Yumaguzinskoe water reservoir, which are much economically profitable. In addition, a vice-mayor emphasised that the Bashkortostan and Russia governments until now have not agreed on the equal share of costs of the metro project. According to recent agreements, 80% of metro construction costs would have to be covered from the local budget, which is too much for Bashkortostan. Thus, stated the representative of city administration, “it has no reason to build a metro as an attraction for visitors”. It should be noted that Ufa city administration proposed alternative variants for solution of transport problems like larger involvement of local railway network into mass transit, and construction of new motorways. The plans of Ufa metro construction appeared at the end of 1960s, but were most actively discussed in 1980, when the capital of Bashkortostan reached 1 million inhabitants. The first section of metro (6 km line with 4 stations) was planned for completion in 2008, second was scheduled to 2015 and the third – to 2030".
__________________

Rail_Serbia, geometarkv liked this post
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old July 17th, 2010, 06:58 PM   #295
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

Abandoned projects of the Russian Metro systems:

Part Two - Perm Metro:

Perm is a city and the administrative center of Perm Krai, Russia. It is situated on the banks of the Kama River, in the European part of Russia near the Ural Mountains.

Perm's estimated population is 986.510, down from 1.001.653 recorded in the 2002 Census and 1.090.944 recorded in 1989 Census. The city is twelfth most populous in Russia.

Perm covers an area of 799.68 square kilometers (308.76 sq mi). The city is located on the bank of the Kama River upon hilly terrain. The Kama is the main tributary of the Volga River and one of the deepest and most picturesque rivers of Russia. This river is the waterway which grants the Urals access to the White Sea, Baltic Sea, Sea of Azov, Black Sea, and Caspian Sea. Kama divides the city into two parts, the central part and the right bank part, and it stretches for 70 km along the Kama and 40 km across it. The city street grid parallels the Kama River, traveling generally east-west, while other main streets run perpendicularly to those following the river. The grid pattern accommodates the hills of the city where it crosses them.

Another distinguishing feature of the city's relief is the large quantity of small rivers and brooks. The largest of them are the Mulyanka, Yegoshikha, Motoviliha (all are on the left bank of Kama River), and Gaiva (on the right bank). Perm has a continental climate with warm summers and long, cold winters.

The Perm Metro was a planned Metro system in city. First plans date back to the 1970s. A feasibility study was compiled in 1990. However, during the 1990s, economic difficulties prevented planning and construction.

In the early 2000s, there was again hope for the line to be built. Opening of the system was estimated somewhere between 2015 and 2020. The first stretches to be built are the southern leg of the blue line (up to "Nagornaya") and/or the western leg of the red line (up to "Parkoviy Prospekt"). The basic network consists of two lines, the Levoberezhno-Zavodskaya (Line A - red) and the Motovilikhinskaya (Line B - blue). Future extensions would create a 3-line system, with all lines forming a typical Russian triangle in the city centre. But, lack of funding hampered the project and plans were put on hold.



It is possible to see some sort of alternative, such as a light metro, being constructed.
__________________

Rail_Serbia, geometarkv liked this post

Last edited by AlekseyVT; June 17th, 2013 at 06:32 PM.
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old July 17th, 2010, 06:59 PM   #296
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

Abandoned projects of the Russian Metro systems:

Part Three - Sochi Light Metro:

Sochi is a resort city, situated in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, just north of the border of the disputed territory of Abkhazia (largely recognised as part of the Republic of Georgia), and the southern Russian border fronting the Black Sea. It sprawls along the shores of the Black Sea and against the background of the snow-capped peaks of the Caucasus Mountains. At 145 km (90 mi), Greater Sochi claims to be the longest city in Europe. Population of city is 337.947 (urban population) and 410.987 (total population). The city has been selected to be the host of the XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games in 2014.

The Sochi Light Metro is a public transportation system under construction, that would to be completed in 2013 before the 2014 Winter Olympics in that city.

According to a press release of Sochi Olympics, a light rail system was originally proposed which would span 36 km, but eventually a Russian-style light metro system has been opted. After Moscow's Butovskaya Line and Saint Petersburg's Nadzemny Express, the Sochi Light Metro planned to be Russia's third light metro, among 11 Russian rail rapid transit systems altogether.

The estimated construction budget is $758,8 million. The system will consist of three interconnected lines, with a total of 86.4 km of track and 24 stations running in a mixture of underground, mountain tunnels, elevated, and at-grade construction:
1) Olympic Village — Grushevaya Polyana, 49.9 km, 6 stations; according to the ongoing construction, the airport Sochi is not connected to this line. The airport Sochi is connected only by a dead-end station to Adler railway station.
2) Olympic Village — Mamayka, via Adler Station and Downtown Sochi (with possible extension to Dagomys and Uch-Dere westwards): 36.3 km, 20 stations;
3) Mamayka — Grushevaya Polyana, via Adler Station and Sochi International Airport: 69.9 km, 17 stations.

The tender announced by Russian Railways in February 2009 was won by Bombardier with «Spacium» train. The total number of trains is 54, each with 9 cars for 1007-1036 passengers. Maximum operational speed is 160 km/h.

However, it was decided to realize the alternative project - urban railline.
__________________

Rail_Serbia, geometarkv liked this post
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old July 17th, 2010, 07:01 PM   #297
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

del.

Last edited by AlekseyVT; July 17th, 2010 at 07:17 PM.
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old July 17th, 2010, 07:02 PM   #298
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

Planned Russian Metro systems:

Part One - Rostov Metro:

Rostov-on-Don is the city and the administrative center of Rostov Region and the Southern Federal District of Russia, located on the Don River, just 46 km from the Sea of Azov. Population: 1.050 mln. people.

The center of Rostov-on-Don is located c. 1076 km (2006) southeast from Moscow. It is situated to the southeast from the East European Plain, mostly on the right bank of the Don river. South-Western suburbs of the city side with the delta of the Don river.

Rostov-on-Don was founded on December 15, 1749, as a customs house was set up on the Temernik River (a tributary of the Don) to control the trade with Turkey. The custom house was built according to the edict of the Empress Elizabeth, the daughter of Peter the Great. Not far from the customhouse grew the fortress. It was named after Russian metropolitan, Saint Dimitry of Rostov, a newly-glorified bishop from the old Northern town Rostov the Great. Later the name was changed to Rostov (in 1806) and then to Rostov-on-Don. As Azov gradually declined, a settlement near the new fortress superseded it in importance as a chief commercial centre of the region. In 1756 the "Russian commercial and trading company of Constantinople" set up there, establishing a settlement on the high bank of the Don known as the "Kupecheskaya Sloboda" ("The merchants' settlement"). In 1796 this settlement received town rights and was renamed Rostov-on-Don, in order to distinguish it from its ancient namesake.

Rostov's favorable geographical position on the crossing of trade routes promoted the rapid economic development of the city. The Don River that the city is named for is a major shipping lane connecting southwestern Russia with regions to the north, and Rostov-on-Don is an important river port in both passenger-oriented and industrial shipping. Rostov became a busy trading port, which was visited by Russian, Italian, Greek, Turkish, as well as other foreign merchants. As the most heavily industrialized city of South Russia, it was a bone of contention between the Whites and the Reds during the Civil War. By 1928, the regional government was moved from the old Cossack capital Novocherkassk to Rostov, which also engulfed the nearby Armenian town of Nor Nakhijevan (Nakhijevan, Proletarskiy district now).

The population of Rostov-on-Don was 15 thousand in 1850 and 110 thousand at the beginning of previous century. In the neighborhood there developed another town, founded in 1779 by the Crimean Armenians, who were granted shelter in the South of Russia. It was Nakhichevan-on-Don. A wheat field was the border between two towns. Nowadays the central square of Rostov-on-Don, Theatre Square, is situated directly on the place of the former town border. In 1928 two cities were united and Nakhichevan became part of Rostov. In Armenian "Nakhichevan" means "the first halt". Thousands of descendants of the Crimean Armenians still live in Rostov.

In the Soviet years, the Bolsheviks demolished two of Rostov's principal landmarks - St Alexander Nevsky Cathedral (1908) and St George Cathedral in Nakhichevan (1783–1807). Much of the city was reduced to rubble by the German forces who occupied it twice during Great Patriotic War - in 1941 and 1942. The first occupation was in the autumn of 1941 (November 21). It lasted seven days. In the plans of Hitler's generals Rostov was a city of special importance, a strategic railway junction and a river port, a gateway to the Caucasus, rich in minerals, especially in oil. The city was badly damaged by bombing. The best units of the German panzer army were driven out of Rostov. But in the summer of 1942 (24 July) the German army managed to occupy the city for the second time. The second occupation lasted seven months (until 14 February). It took ten years to raise the city from the ruins and restore it even further.

Rostov-on-Don has experienced considerable economic growth in recent years, as the Russian economy recovers nationwide. Numerous start-up companies have established headquarters in the city, the median income is increasing, and the city is being transformed from a place thrown back in time by the collapse of USSR into a modern, industrial and technology-rich hub.

Rostov Metro is a planned rapid transit system in Rostov-on-Don. As of October 2008, the city authorities are redesigning the historical proposal (created in 1980s) at the request of the federal government. Construction may begin in 2011 if the federal government approves financing of the project.

Plans for creating Rostov metro go back to the 1970s and 1980s. A publicized 1991 map of a system provided a single 14 kilometer line with 10 stations running parallel to the northern bank of Don River and reaching Rostov-on-Don Airport; far future plans provided for a three line system.

The plans were revived in November 2007 when Rostov Metro reappeared in the development program for rapid transit approved by the Ministry of Transportation. The program required Rostov authorities to redraft the historical proposal, taking account of past and expected development of the city, so that construction could resume in 2011. No other commitments were ever made. In April 2008 Rostov city hall announced an upcoming feasibility study that will replace outdated proposals of 1990s.

In January 2008 deputy mayor of Rostov-on-Don estimated construction costs at 1 billion roubles (42 million US dollars) per kilometer; total project cost, including land and supporting infrastructure, would cost three times more.

In September 2008 the mayor of Rostov-on-Don formed a city commission for metro construction. Deputy mayor announced than in November 2008 – February 2009 the city will select design and engineering contractors; preliminary design stage will be able to extend into 2011. In 2011 the city hall expects to have sound cost estimates for initiating federal funds appropriation. City hall expects the first stretch of Rostov metro to be operational in 13–14 years on condition of normal financing from the federal budget. The beginning of construction works planned in 2014.

__________________

Rail_Serbia, geometarkv liked this post

Last edited by AlekseyVT; June 17th, 2013 at 06:36 PM.
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old July 17th, 2010, 07:03 PM   #299
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

del.

Last edited by AlekseyVT; July 17th, 2010 at 07:16 PM.
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old July 17th, 2010, 07:15 PM   #300
AlekseyVT
BANNED
 
Join Date: Dec 2009
Location: Moscow City
Posts: 8,283
Likes (Received): 7094

Quote:
Originally Posted by warden987 View Post
I think the name of this thread does not exactly correspond to the actual info in this thread. It'd be better to rename it as Moscow. Metro System Compilation.
I absolutely agree with you. I started this topic as a "Russian Metro systems", but for unknown reasons it was renamed into "Russia: Urban Transpot Compilation". I plan to write about Metro and its variations like Light Metro, Metrotram or Monorail Road, but not about public ground transport like Bus, Trolleybus or ordinary Tram.

But I think that you also wrong. It must be renamed into "RUSSIA: Metro Transport Compilation", not "MOSCOW: Metro System Compilation", because I plan to write at this thread about Moscow Metro only for comparison with other Metro systems in Russia, there is big separate thread for Moscow Metro at this forum.

So, I ask moderator to rename this thread into "Russia. Metro Transport Compilation".
AlekseyVT no está en línea   Reply With Quote


Reply

Tags
метро, kazan, metro, novosibirsk, samara, st. petersburg, subway, transport

Thread Tools

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off

Related topics on SkyscraperCity


All times are GMT +2. The time now is 11:00 AM.


Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.11 Beta 4
Copyright ©2000 - 2018, vBulletin Solutions Inc.
Feedback Buttons provided by Advanced Post Thanks / Like (Pro) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2018 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.

vBulletin Optimisation provided by vB Optimise (Pro) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2018 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.

SkyscraperCity ☆ In Urbanity We trust ☆ about us | privacy policy | DMCA policy

tech management by Sysprosium