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Old January 11th, 2014, 01:41 AM   #3221
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2013 - RECONSTRUCTIONS, RESTORATIONS AND RENOVATIONS:

On September 16, 2013 there was reopened second (southern) underground vestibule of Metro station "Vystavochnaya" ("Exhibition"; Line 4; opened on September 10, 2005). This vestibule was closed on October 1, 2007 due to reconstruction of underpass that connects exit from station with trade-and-pedestrian bridge "Bagration" (opened in September 1997).

"Vystavochnaya" ("Exhibition") is a station on the Line 4 of the Moscow Metro. It's located near the Exhibition Lane and Krasnopresnenskaya Embankment, in the Presnensky District, Central Administrative Okrug. This station was opened on September 10, 2005, and called "Delovoy Tsentr" ("Business Centre") before June 1, 2009. On June 3, 2008 the city government issued decree to rename the station to "Vystavochnaya" in the order to use name of "Delovoy Tsentr" for the future transfer station of the Line 8. Moscow Metro was granted a 1-year transition period to effect the change in names. The station is named after exhibition complex "Expocenter" which located nearby.

"Vystavochnaya" is a shallow three-vaulted station of column type (depth - 22.5 metres, the column spacing - 7.8 m). The high-tech design, which was the work of architects Aleksandr Vigdorov, Leonid Borzenkov and Olga Farstova, is a radical departure from previous Metro stations. Different colours and lighting used in the image of the station, as well as suspended ceiling of different shapes and colours divide the station into transport, pedestrian, exhibition and information zones. The station is built on two levels, with the platform on the lower level. The upper level consists of two walkways which span the length of the platform. One walkway, the larger one, is enclosed in glass and sweeps from one side of the station to the other and back in a large arc. The other walkway is open and straight, running directly above the inbound track. The D-shaped area between the two walkways extends to the full height of the station. The two rows of pillars span both levels and are clad in stainless steel. The walls are faced with white plastic panels and brown marble, and Alucobond was used for the ceiling.

"Vystavochnaya" will only be the first station in a future three station transfer complex involving a transfer between the Third Interchange Contour and the Kalininsko-Solntsevskaya (currently Kalininskaya) Line 8. Both of the new stations are actually completed, but presently are unopened. The entrance to the station is built into the lower level of Moscow International Business Center (also referred to as "Moscow-City"), near the north bank of the Moscow-River, serving access to Moscow "Expocenter" as well as "Moscow-City".

"Bagration" Bridge is a bridge spanning the Moscow-River in Moscow. It connects "Tower 2000" at the Taras Shevchenko Embankment to the main Moscow International Business Center near Krasnopresnenskaya Embankment. The bridge was opened in September 1997 to celebrate Moscow's 850th anniversary of its founding. It is named after the Russian-Georgian General of the Infantry Pyotr Bagration (1765-1812) who received a mortal wound during the Battle of Borodino against Napoleon's Grande Armée. "Bagration" Bridge has a length of 214 metres and a width of 16 metres. It stands 14 metres above the river. Supporting pillars in reinforced concrete, bearing structure made of steel. It has two levels. Lower gallery realised in curved compact polycarbonate sheet, double wall and aluminium profiles. Upper gallery in double wall glass. On October 9, 2004 there was opened sculptural composition "The Tree of Life" (sculptor - Ernst Neizvestny) in the vestibule of bridge at Krasnopresnenskaya Embankment.

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Old January 11th, 2014, 01:42 AM   #3222
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October 27, 2013:

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Old January 11th, 2014, 01:42 AM   #3223
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Old January 11th, 2014, 01:44 AM   #3224
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On December 19, 2013 there was opened second (northern) vestibule of Metro station "Myakinino" (Line 3; opened on December 26, 2009) with direct exit into building of the third pavilion of trade center "Crocus Expo" through covered gallery. The opening of this vestibule was postponed due to claims from "Rostekhnadzor" (Federal Service for Ecological, Technological and Nuclear Supervision).

"Myakinino" is a Moscow Metro station in the city of Krasnogorsk, Moscow Region. It is on the Line 3, between Metro stations "Strogino" and "Volokolamskaya" ("Volokolamsk"). "Myakinino" was opened on December 26, 2009. The station was built near 65th-66th km of the Moscow Automobile Ring Road beltway, near the new headquarters of Moscow Region Administration and the shopping mall "Crocus City Mall". It is the first Moscow Metro station to be built outside Moscow borders.

The station was named after the former village of Myakinino, which is currently inside the administrative territory of Moscow City, inside Kuntsevo District, Western Administrative Okrug. The name was approved by the government of Moscow basing on the suggestion by City commission on territorial units, streets and Metro stations.

The first plan of Strogino-Mitino extension did not include Metro station "Myakinino". However, rapid development of the area as well as the construction of "Crocus Expo" international exhibition center and such hypermarkets as "Auchan", "Leroy Merlin", "Crocus City Mall" and the offices of Moscow Region Administration brought changes to the project. It was included in the plan after the start of Strogino-Mitino line construction and the decision to unite the Krylatskoye-Mitino section with Line 3. It's the first time a public-private partnership principle was applied in station construction. The construction of the station was funded by the company "Crocus International". The construction of the tunnel from Metro station "Strogino" (previously the terminus of the Line 3; opened on January 7, 2008) to "Myakinino" started in summer 2008.

The architects of the station are Nikolay Shumakov, Galina Mun, Yana Mun and Yelena Ilyina. "Myakinino" is a covered ground-level two-vaulted station of column type with side platforms. At first it was planned that "Myakinino" would be a shallow single-vaulted station with island platform (according to the slightly modified plan of the now-cancelled Metro station "Yugo-Zapadnaya" of Solntsevskaya Line) and would be situated near the new House of Government of Moscow Region and trade center "Crocus Expo". The station features side platforms and three vestibules (including closed third vestibule) and it's integrated in the multi-storey car park. Each of the three vestibules has access to both platforms. The station is isolated from the multi-storey car park which complies with fire safety regulations and provides for autonomous work of station and parking area.

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Old January 11th, 2014, 01:45 AM   #3225
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Old January 11th, 2014, 01:48 AM   #3226
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On December 25, 2013 there was reopened second exit from southern vestibule of Metro station "Mayakovskaya" ("Vladimir Mayakovsky"; Line 2; opened on September 11, 1938) in the historical building at #30/2 Tver Street. This exit (opened on November 7, 1959) was closed since September 26, 2005 because the historical building is in emergency condition and needs in restoration.

"Mayakovskaya" ("Vladimir Mayakovsky") is a Moscow Metro station on the Line 2. It's located near the Triumphal Square (former Mayakovsky Square) at the intersection of the Tver Street and Garden Ring, in the Tverskoy District, Central Administrative Okrug. Considered to be one of the most beautiful in the system, it is a fine example of pre-WWII Stalinist Architecture and one of the most famous Metro stations in the world. The name as well as the design is a reference to Futurism and its prominent Russian exponent Vladimir Mayakovsky (1893-1930).

The station was built as part of the second stage of the Moscow Metro expansion and was opened on September 11, 1938. If the first stage was more focused on the building of the system itself, both architecturally and when it comes to the engineering, the stations appear modest in comparison to those that the second stage brought to the system. For the first time in the world, instead of having the traditional three-neath pylon station layout, the engineers were able to overlap the vault space and support it with two sets of colonnades on each side. This gave birth to a new column type design and "Mayakovskaya" was the first station to show this. Located 33 metres beneath the surface, the station became famous during WWII when an air raid shelter was located in the station. On the eve of 24th anniversary of the October Revolution, on November 6, 1941 Joseph Stalin addressed a mass assembly of party leaders and ordinary Muscovites in the central hall of the station.

To complement the triumph in engineering, Art Deco decoration design of the great Russian architect Aleksey Dushkin (1904-1977) amazed the world. Based on a Soviet future as envisioned by the poet Vladimir Mayakovsky, the station features graceful columns faced with stainless steel and pink rhodonite, white Ufaley and grey Diorite marble walls, a brilliant flooring pattern of white and pink marble, and 34 niches, one for each vault. Surrounded by filament lights there are a total of 34 ceiling mosaics with the theme "24-Hour Soviet Sky". A passenger can look up and see the bright Soviet future right above him.

Dushkin has tremendous effect. He created the illusion of space at the station, located at a 33-metres depth. The station is filled with light and seems the shining and volume. The use of columns instead of massive pylons allows the passengers to see the station from any point. Two rows of columns are support three longitudinal vaults of the oval cross section and end with the same oval arches. Each section of the central vault ends with transverse dome, treated as a source of illumination of the station. Each link of the central arch is completed cross dome, treated as a source of illumination of the hall. Metro station "Mayakovskaya" can serve as an example of innovative solutions of the architectural problems. The design of the station won a grand prix at the New York World's Fair in 1939, few months after opening.

The work with the mosaics began in early 1938. Great Russian painter Alexander Deyneka (1899-1969) was the author of the sketches. The mosaics were made from smalt in the mosaic workshops of the Academy of Arts in Leningrad under leadership of the great Russian professor Vladimir Frolov (1874-1942). Alexander Deyneka said about this series: "There is row of paintings, which replace each other: the buildings of country, tractors and combines are riding by our vast fields, the gardens in bloom, fruits are ripen, the planes in the sky at day and night, young peoples are heroically working and wonderfully taking a rest, preparing himself for labor and defense. Life of the Soviet Union is going by the full pulse during all day. So the theme was defined - 24 hours of the Soviet Union. Separate moments of the theme are arranged one after another so that the morning was on the ends and, converging to the center through the day and evening, night scenes were been over the middle of the station. Plafonds of morning meet the incoming and outgoing passangers. Go down to the Metro, citizen, lift your head and you will see the mosaic and brightly illuminated sky. If you have forgotten, that thickness of the Moscow land in 40 meters lies above plafond and it's easily and cheerfully to you in this underground palace - it's mean that task of architect and artist is solved".

The original (southern) vestibule (architects - Alexey Dushkin, Yakov Lichtenberg and Yury Afanasyev) was opened on September 11, 1938 into building of Tchaikovsky Concert Hall (built in 1938-1940 by Dmitry Chechulin and K. Orlov). The additional exit from original vestibule was opened on November 7, 1959 into historical building at the opposite side of Tver Street, near its intersection with Garden-Triumphal Street (#30/2 Tver Street). Initially there were located chambers of 17th century at the site of this historical building that was rebuilt in 1859 by architect Nikolay Nikitin (1828-1913). On September 2, 2005 a additional exit was built at the intersection of 1st Tver-Yar Street and 1st Tver-Yar Lane, along with a new northern vestibule in a unique style (architects - Nikolay Shumakov and Galina Mun with participation of Yana Mun). Passengers leaving the station first descend on a short escalator ride into an underground vestibule, and then ascend the long way to the surface. The new exit also allows access to the 34th mosaic, which was previously hidden behind the service section. Other mosaic works were designed from scratch, accompanied by ample use of marble and stainless steel sculpturing. The bust of Vladimir Mayakovsky (sculptor - Alexander Kibalnikov; made in late 1950s from white Koelga marble) was moved from station's platform to the new northern vestibule, whose ceiling was also decorated with a mosaic composition from Mayakovsky's poems - "Moscow Sky" (artist - Ivan Lubennikov). The southern vestibule was closed since September 26, 2005 due to replacing of old escalators. It was reopened on May 15, 2007. However, the exit to #30/2 Tver Street was not reopened because historical building was in emergency condition and needed in restoration. At the same time began the long process of the restoration of station - the underground hall also needed in restoration due to problems with waterproofing. It was held without closing of station for passenger traffic. There were made: waterproofing work, replacement of the surface of the floor and track walls, the restoration of the ceiling. This restoration was finished on April 24, 2010. On April 2, 2013 Mayor of Moscow Sergey Sobyanin demanded reopen closed exit from southern vestibule in short period. This exit was reopened on December 25, 2013 with his participation. So, it's possible to say that long-term process of restoration of station and its objects finally came to an end.




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Old January 11th, 2014, 01:53 AM   #3227
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Old January 11th, 2014, 01:57 AM   #3228
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TO BE CONTINUED....
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Old January 11th, 2014, 09:00 PM   #3229
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AlekseyVT I appreciate and admire your work

I looked at the data you have presented and came to the conclusion that the construction of new metro stations in Russia doesn't look good. I compared the number of new station built after 1990 to the latest population data in each city and calculated the numer of new stations built for each one million inhabitants. I took into consideration all metro Russian cities, Warsaw (my homecity) and Vienna which boasts one of the best public transport in Europe:

city - population in thousands - number of station built after 1990 - number of new stations built for each one million inhabitants

Vienna - 1 757,5 thousand - 54 new stations - 30,7
Warsaw - 1 711,5 thousand - 21 new stations - 12,3
Kazan - 1 176 thousand - 9 new stations - 7,7
Yekaterinburg - 1 396 thousand - 9 new stations - 6,4
Samara - 1 171,5 thousand - 5 new stations - 4,3
Moscow - 11 979,5 thousand - 50 new stations - 4,2
Novosibirsk - 1 524 thousand - 6 new stations - 3,9
Sankt Petersburg - 5 028 thousand - 16 new stations - 3,2
Nizhny Novgorod - 1 260 thousand - 4 new stations - 3,2

In Warsaw by the end of 2014 seven new stations will be inaugurated, so the number of stations built since 1990 will increase to 28 and the ratio number of new stations / one million inhabitants will reach 16,4.
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Old January 11th, 2014, 11:28 PM   #3230
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Thanks for statistics.

But to be honest, such comparison is not quite correct. For example, two Metro stations ("Prospekt Mira" of the Line 5 and Line 6) were built in walkable distance near my house in 1950s (i.e. 24 years before my birthday). Why you decide to include me and 11 979,5 thousand other Muscovites into list of people who didn't lived near Metro before 1990? You can be right about 1 711,5 thousand Warsaw residents who didn't had Metro before 1995 (that looked very sad even in comparison with other EE capitals ).

The new Moscow Metro stations are planned to be built for about 2.5 million Muscovites who live far from nearest Metro stations nowadays. For other 8.5 million Muscovites (including me), there is no large necessary in new stations. For some of them, the new stations can only make their daily trips in Metro more comfortable than nowadays.
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Old January 11th, 2014, 11:41 PM   #3231
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Quote:
Originally Posted by vladygark View Post
Russian cities should really stop buying those outdated trams.
They aren't outdated, they have low floor and semi-conductor based traction, so they are really good choice for lines with medium/low ridership.
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Old January 11th, 2014, 11:48 PM   #3232
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Also it's not usefull to compare post-Soviet metros with western in term of station numbers... Post-soviet metros tend to build fewer station per km, increasing the speed of comuting, but at the cost of lower walkability of stations - surface transit is a must have for city with post-soviet metro.
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Old January 12th, 2014, 12:14 AM   #3233
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2013 - CULTURAL EVENTS:

According to the new tradition, at the night of 24/25 May was organized night concert in the Moscow Metro. This concert was dedicated to 78th anniversary of Moscow Metro. It was held at the station "Kropotkinskaya" ("Peter Kropotkin"), which was opened as station of first Moscow Metro line on May 15, 1935.

Since 2010, every year on the anniversary of the Moscow Metro system in May, there have been live musical performances at Metro station "Kropotkinskaya" in the middle of the night, after the trains stop running. The station serves as the performance hall: chairs are arranged in the center, and there are open trains along the sides where guests can also settle in and enjoy the show. The first year, there was not enough space for all the people who wanted to attend. The station's capacity is limited, and only 500 people with special invitations were able to go to the concert. To become a spectator, it was necessary to fill out a questionnaire, to participate in a simple contest at official site of Moscow Metro and receive an invitation. There was a sold-out at the station for the fourth year in a row.

At the first two festive concerts, Chamber Orchestra "Kremlin" under the baton of Misha (Mikhail) Rachlevsky performed in 2010 and 2011. In 2012 the decision was made to hold a vocal concert. There were performances of Academic Grand Chorus of the Russian State University for the Humanities, directed by Boris Tarakanov along with a "Broadway" vocal group, international contest laureates Irina Sakne and Natalya Kirillova as well as with People's Artist of Russia Alexander Pyatkov. The "Music in the Metro" became a continuation of – or, more precisely, an addition to – the "Night at the Museum" project. Held once a year in mid-May, Moscow's museums stay open late with a showcase special events and performances. Moscow joined the international "Night at the Museum" campaign in 2007. It made sense to add the "Night in the Metro" to "Night at the Museum" as the Moscow Metro is kind of a museum itself. The extraordinary beauty of the entrance halls has amazed tourists for many years, and residents of the capital never cease to admire them, even when they are rushing to work. The acoustics in many of the stations are also amazingly good.

On the night of 24/25 May 2013, Moscow Metro organized the event that has already become traditional "Music in the Metro", concluding ceremonial events dedicated to the 78th anniversary of Moscow Metro. For the fourth time the station opened its doors at nighttime for artists and listeners. In 2013, diverse program awaited for the guests of the night concert: from the medieval English music, performed on ancient instruments, to jazz and spirituals, from Russian folk songs to the Soviet retro hits. Before the start of the concert guests could visit exhibition "Metro history in posters" and "70 years of the Battle of Kursk". Several bands participated in the night concert.

"Volkonsky Consort" (founded in 1965 by the legendary composer and harpsichordist Andrey Volkonsky) is one of the oldest and most eminent Russian early music ensembles, which that night revived the sound of English music of 17th century: Henry Purcell (1659-1695), King Henry VIII, unknown composers of that time. For the first time under the arch of Metro station "Kropotkinskaya" Irish harp, bagpipes, lute, viola da gamba, shawm were heard. "Anima" - woman's chamber band, multiple award winner of the international contests of choral singing, participant and diploma winner of music festivals. Ensemble presented the program-mosaic assembled specially for this concert: Russian folk songs in the author's treatment, spirituals, jazz, Soviet hits and works of modern composers. The event featured instrumental performances from principal performers of Bolshoy Theatre Andrey Rudometkin (bassoon) and Boris Lifanovsky (cello) accompanied by the prize winner of international contests Anna Grishina (piano).

Unfortunately, the constrained environment of Metro station "Kropotkinskaya" couldn't accommodate everyone. Therefore, in order to get a ticket, it was necessary to take part in the contest: send own quatrain which necessarily had to mention the words "music", "night" and "metro". Within three days (since May 21 till May 23, 2013) 752 participants sent their versions of poems of which in random manner were chosen 300 winners. To all winners were mailed the letters with instruction for the way in which they can receive their invitation cards for two. Performance show "Music in the Metro" is not only yet another contribution to a number of the many cultural projects of Moscow Metro, along with the opening of the exhibition in the Metro stations and the launch of special trains on different lines but also a truly significant event in the cultural life of Moscow.




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Old January 12th, 2014, 12:15 AM   #3234
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Old January 12th, 2014, 12:17 AM   #3235
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On March 21, 2013, at World Poetry Day, there was replaced exposition in the special train "Poetry in the Metro". For the first time "poetic" train was put into operation on the Line 4 on November 17, 2010 with a selection of verses of five known Chilean poets, including Noble Prize Laureates Gabriela Mistral (1889-1957) and Pablo Neruda (1904-1973). On June 30, 2011 this exposition was replaced with a selection of verses of eight known Italian poets, including Dante Alighieri (c. 1265-1321) and Francesco Petrarca (1304-1374). On April 25, 2012 this exposition was replaced again with selected pieces of the most famous works and fragments of never-published verses of great Colombian writer Gabriel García Márquez (b. 1927), Nobel Prize Laureat (1982). New exposition is dedicated to the 120th anniversary of the birth of great Russian writer Vladimir Mayakovsky (1893-1930).

The "poetic" train with new exposition started to run on the Moscow Metro's Line 4 since March 21, 2013. This special project, created by the Vladimir Mayakovsky State Museum with the support of the Moscow Metro, kicked off anniversary events dedicated to the 120th birth anniversary of Vladimir Mayakovsky - great Russian futurist poet, innovator and Revolutionary.

The passengers of renovated Metro train are able to get acquainted with the set up in the Vladimir Mayakovsky State Museum unusual visuals images, reflecting the biography and career of the great poet. The first car of the train is devoted to the poet's biography, featuring photos of Vladimir Mayakovsky and his friends and family, as well as quotes from his autobiography "I Myself", written in the period 1922-1928. The second car is devoted to the poet's works in the 1910s-1920s. It displays quotes from his works, book covers and pages of that period, and photos. The third car is devoted to his lyric poetry and political work. The exposition for the lyric poetry includes photos of the poet and his beloved women - Lilya Brik (1891-1978), Tatyana Yakovleva (1906-1991) and Veronika Polonskaya (1908-1994) - as well as quotes from the period 1920s-1930s. The exhibition for the poet's agitprop activities includes posters from the series "Satirical Windows of the Russian Telegraph Agency" ("Okna ROSTA") and "Glavpolitprosvet", created in 1919-1922. The fourth car features Mayakovsky's works for children. The exhibition includes lines from his poems for children, book covers and opening pages. Photos and other materials are provided courtesy of the Vladimir Mayakovsky State Museum.

The "poetic" Train official launch ceremony was held on March 21, 2013, at 11:00 am, at Metro station "Mezhdunarodnaya" ("International"; Line 4; opened on August 30, 2006). The ceremony was attended and addressed with a welcoming speech by the Deputy Chief of Moscow Metro for Property and Land Relations and Communications Vladimir Pogonin, Head of the Department of Culture of Moscow Sergey Kapkov and Director of the Vladimir Mayakovsky State Museum Nadezhda Morozova. "Train "Poetry in the Metro" continues the tradition of cultural projects of the Moscow Metro, created to introduce our passengers with outstanding works of Russian and world culture and make them ride the subway interesting and enjoyable" - said Vladimir Pogonin. "I'm glad that poetry went down to the Metro, and I hope that this experience will continue, because we still have a lot of great, great poets", - said in his speech Sergey Kapkov. To dignitaries and journalists, winner of the Grushinsky Festival Natalya Priezzheva acted as a musical singer. She performed song with a guitar on the Vladimir Mayakovsky's verse "The Naval Love" (1915).

The great Futurist poet Vladimir Mayakovsky was born on July 19, 1893. The poet did not recognized traditional sizes, and in 1923 began to write their essays by "ladder" in which the broken lines of the poem on a particular word. On April 14, 1930 the poet committed suicide. Among the most famous works of Mayakovsky are noted poems "A Cloud in Trousers" (1915) and "The Backbone Flute" (1916), satirical plays "The Bedbug" (1929) and "The Bathhouse" (1930), a verses "Take That!" (1913), "But could you?" (1913), "Listen!" (1914) and others. Vladimir Mayakovsky's not for nothing is the poet of the future in spite of the fact that the poet's life was tragically cut short long before beginning of Moscow Metro construction (1931) and opening of the Moscow Metro (May 15, 1935), and his work has lines devoted to the Metro:
"Under ground, Comrade mole
opened his mouth to the ears.
Electricity is buzzing,
underground tram goes.
In the Moscow-River carp
looks through a hole in the dirt.
Under the river, trains
passes by faster than burbots...

(from the verse "A little bit of utopia about how to go metroshka", 1926).

The one of iconic Moscow Metro stations, "Mayakovskaya" (Line 2; opened on September 11, 1938) was named after him.




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Old January 12th, 2014, 12:18 AM   #3236
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Vladimir Mayakovsky (1893-1930):

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Old January 12th, 2014, 12:22 AM   #3237
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In addition, on June 25, 2013 there was changed photo exhibition at the Metro Gallery of the "Vystavochnaya" ("Exhibition") station. The new exhibition named "Two Christianizations of Rus'" was dedicated to the 1025th anniversary of the Christianization of Rus' and 25th anniversary of revival of the religious life in the Soviet Union.

Metro station "Vystavochnaya" ("Exhibition") was opened on the Line 4 on September 10, 2005. The first photo exhibition in Moscow Metro was opened at this station on December 23, 2005.

The themes of the previous exhibitions:
1) December 23, 2005 - "Presentation of the world" (author - Yury Rost);
2) May 15, 2006 - "Birds" (author - Yury Rost);
3) December 25, 2006 - "Ice" (author - Yury Rost);
4) February 29, 2008 - "Island of people" (about Iceland, author - Yury Rost);
5) May 15, 2009 - "Young and Famous" (based on photo archives);
6) May 13, 2010 - "Paris-Moscow" (about the Paris Metro, based on photo archives);
7) June 15, 2011 - "Nonexistent Metro" (about non-realized projects of Moscow Metro stations, based on archives);
8) December 8, 2011 - "Other Metro" (based on historical photos of Ivan Vydyshev and modern photos of Alexander Popov "Russos");
9) August 1, 2012 - "175 Years of Russian Railways" (based on photo archives);
10) December 12, 2012 - "Yamal. Preservation of traditions" (author - Nikolay Samburov).

The next exhibition, which opened at Metro station "Vystavochnaya", was devoted to two dates: the 1025th anniversary of the Christianization of the ancient state of Rus' and the 25th anniversary of the revival of church life in the former Soviet Union (often called the "second Christianization"). There were presented 30 photos from archive of informational agencies ITAR-TASS and RIA Novosti as well as from archive of the Orthodox magazine "Foma". These photos created over the last 25 years described the life of the Russian Orthodox Church - from Yakutia to the Antarctic, from Kiev to Vladivostok. They showed the charitable life of the church, and portraits of senior clerics, priests and parishioners. The exhibition has been organized by the Orthodox magazine "Foma", the Synodal Information Department of the Russian Orthodox Church, and the Moscow Metro. In the solemn opening ceremony took part Deputy Chief of Moscow Metro for Property and Land Relations and Communications Vladimir Pogonin, Deputy Head of the Information Department of the Moscow Patriarchate Igor Meshchan, Rector of the St. Alexander Nevsky's Church Protopriest Igor Fomin and Rector of the Epiphany Cathedral at Yelokhovo Protopriest Alexander Ageykin.

Christianization of Rus' - the introduction of Christianity as state religion in Kievan Rus'. Traditionally, the event can be dated back to 988 and is considered the beginning of the official history of the Russian Church. Grand Prince of Kiev Vladimir Sviatoslavich the Great (с. 958 - 1015) was christened by the Church of Constantinople. The unity of faith with the religions of the ancient countries of Europe made the ancient Russian state part of world Christian society, bringing together Russia and Byzantium. The Christianization of the peoples of the future Russian Empire was the long process that took place over the next nine centuries.

The 1000th anniversary of the Christianization of Rus' in June 1988 was the first church celebration also to be marked by the state in all the decades of Soviet rule. This was a turning point in the relationship between church and state, as well as in the understanding of the church’s significance and place in the history of Russia. The same year saw a meeting between General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev (b. 1931) and Patriarch Pimen (1910-1990), at which it was noted that the start of perestroika had made the church's involvement in the life of society possible and desirable. During last 25 years, many Orthodox monasteries and churches were opened, restored, rebuilt and revived.

"There will be presented a photo report dedicated to the 1025th anniversary of the Christianization of Rus' and the 25th anniversary of the revival of church life. The celebration of the 1000th anniversary of the Christianization of Rus' (1988) was the starting point when the revival began", - said the Deputy Head of the Information Department of the Moscow Patriarchate Igor Meshchan.




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Old January 12th, 2014, 12:23 AM   #3238
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"1993. The first post-Soviet religious procession at Nevsky Avenue in St. Petersburg":

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"The metochion of the Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius in Antarctica":

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"Velikoretsky religious procession":

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"1988. The all-night vigil and divine liturgy in the honour of the 1000th anniversary of the Christianization of Rus' at St. Vladimir's Cathedral in Kiev":

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"Monk":

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Old January 12th, 2014, 12:24 AM   #3239
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On September 20, 2013 this photo exhibition was renovated. The new photo gallery named "Bryansk Region: History and the Present" was dedicated to the 70th anniversary of the liberation of Bryansk Region from German Nazi invaders.

Bryansk is a city and the administrative center of Bryansk Region, located 379 kilometres (235 miles) southwest of Moscow. The city of Bryansk was established in 985. In August–October 1941 the region was occupied by German Nazi troops. The city of Bryansk was occupied on October 6, 1941. From the first days of occupation, the struggle against the invaders took the character of a popular movement. In the Bryansk forests there were about 60.000 partisans from the guerrilla compounds of Sydir Kovpak (1887-1967), Alexey Fyodorov (1901-1989) and Alexander Saburov (1908-1974). It resulted in the destruction and burning of many towns and villages, affecting some 111.000 homes and many important industrial enterprises. On September 17, 1943, the troops of Soviet Army with the support of partisans liberated city of Bryansk. Nowadays this date is celebrated as City Day. After the liberation of territory of Bryansk Region (August–September 1943), extensive restoration work commenced.

Deputy Chief of Moscow Metro for Property and Land Relations and Communications Vladimir Pogonin and Deputy Governor of Bryansk Region Fyodor Kostyuchenko were initiators of this photo exhibition. Their idea was supported by Governor of Bryansk Region Nikolay Denin. There were presented 30 works from photo archives that illustrates all stages of the history of Bryansk - from Great Patriotic War of 1941-1945 till nowadays. The one of participants of project, Russian photographer Arkady Kurdikov, personally visited opening ceremony. He showed own works and told an story about each photo. At one of his portraits depicts Staff sergeant Ivan Lysenko (b. 1917) - a native of Bryansk Region who took part in the storming of Berlin Reichstag and personally raised Soviet flag at the 2nd floor of this building.

WWII veterans as well as officials and folk groups from Bryansk Region took part in the solemn opening ceremony. Deputy Chief of Moscow Metro for Property and Land Relations and Communications Vladimir Pogonin explained why this photo exhibition is so important for him - his father was in the first train which arrived into Bryansk soon after liberation of city from German Nazi occupiers.


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Old January 12th, 2014, 12:26 AM   #3240
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On November 13, 2013 the photo exhibition was replaced again. The new photo gallery is named "Moscow Police". Its opening was dedicated to the Day of Personnel of the Ministry of the Interior of the Russian Federation (November 10).

The exhibition has been organized by the Moscow Metro and Main Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the city of Moscow (or just Moscow City Police). There are presented 30 photos that illustrates work of all units of the Moscow Police such as Department of Internal Affairs at Moscow Metro, Special Purpose Mobile Unit (OMON), Main Directorate for Road Traffic Safety (GIBDD), cynological service, mounted police and others. Chief of Moscow Metro Ivan Besedin and Head of the Department of Regional Security in Moscow Alexander Mayorov participated in the opening ceremony.


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