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Old May 27th, 2014, 05:46 PM   #3701
geometarkv
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1920s. May Day celebrations at Red Street near its intersection with Fortress Street (now Pushkin Street):

Solar

1926. MAN tramcar №61 of converting type (with removable casements) near the intersection of Red Street and Fortress Street (now Pushkin Street):

kubtransport

1931. The intersection of Red Street and Fortress Street (now Pushkin Street):

myekaterinodar

1929. House of Health Education (now Federal Service for Supervision of Natural Resources "Rosprirodnadzor") at the intersection of Red Street and Komsomol Street:

myekaterinodar
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Old May 27th, 2014, 05:47 PM   #3702
geometarkv
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1924, the demolition of Old Market for construction of stadium at the intersection of Proletarian Street (now Peace Street) and October Street. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral on the background:

myekaterinodar

1926. MAN tramcar №67 of converting type (with removable casements) near First House of Unions (former "Grand Moscow" Hotel) at the intersection of Proletarian Street (now Peace Street) and Red Street:

kubtransport

1930. Tram train delivered from Kharkiv near former Hotel "Europe" at the intersection of Proletarian Street (now Peace Street) and Red Street:

kubtransport
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Old May 27th, 2014, 05:47 PM   #3703
geometarkv
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1930s, tramcar near the intersection of Red Street and Proletarian Street (now Peace Street). House of Labour Unions (left; former "Grand Moscow" Hotel) and "2nd Soviet" Hotel (right; former Hotel "Europe") on the background:

Grozniy

1929. MAN tramcar №66 of converting type (with removable casements) near movie theatre "Colosseum" which opened on May 1, 1927 at the intersection of Red Street and Gymnasium Street. Tram route of the Red Line: "Municipal Garden (now Central Park of Culture and Leisure named after Maxim Gorky) - Slaughterhouse at Shevchenko Street (now Red Street)":

kubtransport

1929. Tramline at Red Street between its intersections with Lenin Street and Gymnasium Street:

Grozniy

1931. Adygea Regional Executive Committee in the former building of "Central" Hotel (now Krasnodar department of the "Saving bank of Russia") at the intersection of Red Street and Workers' Faculty Street (now Gymnasium Street):

myekaterinodar
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Old May 27th, 2014, 05:48 PM   #3704
geometarkv
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1920s, MAN closed-type tramcar at Mountain Street (now Vishnyakova Street). The urban route of Pashkovskaya Line to Dubinka: "Red Street - Wide Street (now Shevchenko Street)":

kubtransport

1926, MAN electic tramcar №1 (redone petrol-driven tramcar) and MAN motor tramcar of converting type (with removable casements) at the intersection of Gogol Street and Red Street. The suburban route of Pashkovskaya Line: "Red Street - Pashkovskaya stanitsa":

kubtransport

1926, MAN tramcar №74 of converting type (with removable casements) at the intersection of Red Street and Gogol Street. The reconstruction of the building of Regional Party School (right; former Panaiot Akritas's House) after fire near Kuban Musical Technical School (former Hotel "Metropol"):

kubtransport

1926. Kuban Musical Technical School in the former building of Hotel "Metropol" at the intersection of Red Street and Gogol Street:

myekaterinodar
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Old May 27th, 2014, 05:49 PM   #3705
geometarkv
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1928, MAN tramcars near Kuban Musical Technical School (former Hotel "Metropol") and new Hotel "Central" (former Panaiot Akritas's House) at the intersection of Red Street and Gogol Street. Former "Central" Hotel (now Krasnodar department of the "Saving bank of Russia") on the background:

kubtransport

1933. Krasnodar Regional (now Academic) Drama Theatre named after Maxim Gorky in the building of Winter Theatre at the intersection of Red Street and Gogol Street:

myekaterinodar

1930s. Krasnodar Regional (now Academic) Drama Theatre named after Maxim Gorky in the building of Winter Theatre at the intersection of Red Street and Gogol Street:

myekaterinodar

1930. MAN tramcars near Kuban Musical Technical School (former Hotel "Metropol") and new Hotel "Central" (former Panaiot Akritas's House) at the intersection of Red Street and Gogol Street:

kubtransport

1929. City Hospital (now City Clinical Hospital №1) at the intersection of Red Street and Long Street:

myekaterinodar

1930s. Adyghe House of Culture named after October Revolution at the intersection of Red Street and Long Street:

myekaterinodar
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Old May 27th, 2014, 05:50 PM   #3706
geometarkv
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1930s, Sverdlov garden square (now Catherine garden square) at the intersection of Red Street and Post Street. The bas-relief of Karl Marx at the Monument to Revolution at the pedestal of demolished Monument to Russian Empress Catherine the Great (disassembled in November 1920):

myekaterinodar

1933, Sverdlov garden square (now Catherine garden square) at the intersection of Red Street and Post Street. The bas-relief of Vladimir Lenin at the Monument to Revolution at the pedestal of demolished Monument to Russian Empress Catherine the Great (disassembled in November 1920):

myekaterinodar

1931, view of Krasnodar from St. Catherine Cathedral near the intersection of Communards Street and Market Street (now Ordzhonikidze Street). Alexander Nevsky Cathedral (built in 1853-1872; blown up in 1932) on the background:

myekaterinodar

1930. Tram train (MAN motor tramcar of converting type with removable casements + MAN trailer №7) at Red Street:

kubtransport
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Old May 27th, 2014, 05:50 PM   #3707
geometarkv
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The beginning of regauging (1934-1941)

Since 1934, production of Soviet narrow-gauge and short tramcars was ceased. This decision was made for unification of tramlines and railways in order to have possibility for using of railroad trains at urban tramlines (near factories, plants and other enterprises) in the case of war. Therefore, it became clear that narrow-gauge tram systems have no chances of survival in the future – without regauging on the broad gauge, it will be outdated sooner or later and there will be necessary to replace tram by other kinds of transport.

Therefore, the regauging of Krasnodar tram system became actual task. Starting from January 1934, they started to substitute the narrow gauge (1000 mm) for the broad gauge (1524 mm). Also, there began replacing of roller-rod current collectors on bow-type collectors at the former Belgian tramlines. By July 1, 1934, there were 71 motor tramcars and 20 trailers in Krasnodar. New broad-gauge tramcars constructed at Mytishchi Plant were received by the city. Also, six "Kh" tramcars (delivered in 1932) were reconstructed for operation at broad-gauge tramlines. Some tram tracks at the Central tram depot were altered to fit them.

In May, on June 25, on August 25 and on September 15, tram traffic along the reconstructed segments was successively opened:
- from Rail Terminal Krasnodar I to Workers' Faculty Street (now Gymnasium Street), along Proletarian Street (now Peace Street);
- from Medvedovskaya Street (now Kirov Street) to the pier, along Workers' Faculty Street (now Gymnasium Street);
- from Workers' Faculty Street (now Gymnasium Street) to Hay Market, along Medvedovskaya Street (now Kirov Street);
- from Blacksmith Street (now Kalinin Street) to the new turning ring (Kalinin Street - Bryusov Street - Furrier Street), to the west of Hay Market.

Simultaneously, the final segment of the St. Demetrius Line was dismantled: from Blacksmith Street (now Kalinin Street) to the tanneries; along Direct Lane. Owing to the fact that after the reconstruction, the St. Demetrius Line had been divided into segments with broad and narrow gauge, tram route №7 along the said line was shortened: "Medvedovskaya Street (now Kirov Street) - Garden Street".

In 1935 "Kraseltram" Trust made attempt to restore bus service in Krasnodar. On September 16, 1935 there was opened bus route from Karl Liebknecht Street (now Stavropol Street) to Meat-Packing Plant, along Wide Street (now Shevchenko Street). After few days, there was opened other bus route between Krasnodar City Council (City Soviet) and Meat-Packing Plant. This attempt was more successful compared with previous ones - buses operated more or less steadily prior to beginning of the Great Patriotic War.

In August 1935 passenger traffic was started along the broad gauge of the reconstructed segment of the Red Line: from Machine-Tool Plant named after Gleb Sedin to Proletarian Street (now Peace Street); along Zakharov Street, Post Street and Red Street. By the end of year, the Red Line was extended to the south: there was built single-track tramline from Machine-Tool Plant named after Gleb Sedin to the railway bridge; along Zakharov Street.

The numbers of tram routes were changed (there are no complete data about this fact):
№1: Rail Terminal Krasnodar I - Tanneries;
№2: Railway bridge - "Dynamo" Stadium (with transfer at the border of segments with different gauge width);
....................................................................................................................................
№6: Red Street - Gogol Street - Rail Terminal Krasnodar I;
№7: Red Street - Eastern tram depot;
№8: Red Street - Pashkovskaya stanitsa.

On April 22, 1936 the following segment of Red Line was reconstructed to have a broad gauge and was put into operation: from Proletarian Street (now Peace Street) to Gorky Street, along Red Street. By 1937, there were 61.8 km of tramlines. There operated 55 tramcars at 7 narrow-gauge tram routes (including northern segment of tram route №2) and 25 tramcars at 2 broad-gauge routes (including southern segment of tram route №2).

In 1937 - on July 17, on July 27 and on August 15 - tram traffic along the reconstructed segments of the Red Line was successively opened:
- from Gorky Street to New Street (now Budyonny Street), along Red Street;
- from New Street (now Budyonny Street) to New Blacksmith Street, along Shevchenko Street (now Red Street);
- from New Blacksmith Street to "Dynamo" Stadium, along Shevchenko Street (now Red Street).

After the reconstruction had been completed, the new through traffic was opened along the broad gauge of the whole Red Line. In addition, previously both tram tracks were used to operate along Shevchenko Street (former Rostov Street, now Red Street) between its intersections with New Street (now Budyonny Street) and Peasant Street (now Khakurate Street) along the western part of boulevard. As a result of reconstruction, tram tracks were separated at this segment and started to operate along both sides of boulevard.

In 1938 tram enterprise changed its name and became known as "Management of City Tram" ("Gortramway"). Passenger traffic was opened along the broad gauge of the tramline leading to the grove: from "Dynamo" Stadium to the northwestern corner of May Day Grove (now May Day Park), along Shevchenko Street (now Red Street) and highway (now Red Street - Officer Street). At same period, all tram tracks at the Northern tram depot were altered to fit the broad gauge.

The following tram routes were either changed or closed at the end of 1938:
№2: Railway Bridge - May Day Grove (now May Day Park), this route was extended;
"Dynamo" Stadium - May Day Grove (now May Day Park), this route was closed;
New Garden Street (now Garden Street) - All-Union Research Institute of Tobacco and Shag Industry named after Anastas Mikoyan (now State All-Russian Research Institute of Tobacco, Shag and Tobacco Products of the All-Russian Academy of Agriculture), this route was closed;
Rail Terminal Krasnodar I - City Pier (this route was closed, but till the end of 1940s cargo-and-passenger rides between the freight yard of Rail Terminal Krasnodar I and the pier took place to serve rural dwellers, who arrived to the regional center).

In 1938-1939, during regauging of all tramlines in Tbilisi (1933-1942), ten old "Kh" motor tramcars were transferred from the capital of Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic to Krasnodar for operation at remaining narrow-gauge tramlines. During 1939-1940, the dead-end siding was constructed along the May Day Grove (now May Day Park): from northwestern corner of Grove to Moscow Street, along the alley (now Officer Street). It was the initial segment of tramline, the construction of which had never been completed. It had been planned to connect tramlines leading to the May Day Grove (now May Day Park) and to the All-Union Research Institute of Tobacco and Shag Industry named after Anastas Mikoyan (now State All-Russian Research Institute of Tobacco, Shag and Tobacco Products of the All-Russian Academy of Agriculture). There were plans for regauging tramline leading to the Institute. For that purpose, the following tramline was removed of service and dismantled: from Waypoint Street to the All-Union Research Institute of Tobacco and Shag Industry named after Anastas Mikoyan (now State All-Russian Research Institute of Tobacco, Shag and Tobacco Products of the All-Russian Academy of Agriculture); along New Garden Street (now Garden Street), Highway Street (now 40 Years of Victory' Street) and Moscow Street. Later it turned out that it would never start to operate again, because the Great Patriotic War hindered reconstruction.

By the end of the decade, the following route system existed (the numbers of some routes were changed):
№1: Rail Terminal Krasnodar I - Tanneries (broad gauge);
№2: Rail Terminal Krasnodar I - May Day Grove (now May Day Park) (broad gauge);
№3: Kirov Street - railway branch line (narrow gauge);
№4: Red Street - Eastern tram depot (narrow gauge);
№5: Red Street - Rail Terminal Krasnodar I (narrow gauge);
№6: Red Street - Pashkovskaya stanitsa (narrow gauge).

In 1940, tram enterprise had two depots:
1) Northern tram depot with 21 motor tramcars and 20 trailers for the broad gauge (1524 mm). They operated at tramlines with length of 29.6 km.
2) Eastern tram depot with 34 motor tramcars and 10 trailers for the narrow gauge (1000 mm). They operated at tramlines with length of 28.3 km.

In 1941 the turning triangle was constructed at the intersection of Gogol Street and Red Army Street, and the dead-end siding of the Pashkovskaya Line was dismantled: from Red Street to Red Army Street, along Gogol Street.

Due to the aforesaid actions, the following tram routes were reduced:
№4: New Market (now Cooperative Market) - Eastern tram depot (narrow gauge);
№5: New Market (now Cooperative Market) - Rail Terminal Krasnodar I (narrow gauge);
№6: New Market (now Cooperative Market) - Pashkovskaya stanitsa (narrow gauge).

In 1941, Krasnodar tram network consisted of two tram systems:
1) Broad-gauge tram system: Northern tram depot with 24 motor tramcars and 22 trailers. They operated at two tram routes.
2) Narrow-gauge tram system: Eastern tram depot with 30 motor tramcars and 10 trailers for the narrow gauge (1000 mm).

The total length of tramlines was 58.3 km. By 1942, in Krasnodar operated few broad-gauge tramcars - 6 "Kh" motor tramcars (№№ 1-6, redone narrow-gauge tramcars), 19 "Kh" motor tramcars (№№ 7-25), 24 "M" trailers and reconstructed old narrow-gauge trailers (№№ 101-124).

Along with the projects of regauging of existing tramlines on the broad gauge and reconstruction of tramlines to be double-tracked, "Gortramway" planned to implement the projects of construction of tramlines during the Third Five-Year Plan (1938-1942), but these plans were not implemented at that period due to beginning of the Great Patriotic War:
- transfer of the tram traffic from Red Street to Red Army Street. During the period of post-WWII reconstruction, the transfer plans were extended thus it was decided to built a new tramline along Communards Street, and it was made stage by stage in 1949-1956;
- the construction of tramline leading to the Meat-Packing Plant along Wide Street (now Shevchenko Street). It was new version of the pre-revolutionary project of laying of tramline in direction to the prison, which was discussed starting from the beginning of 1920s and was implemented one of the first after the end of restoring of Krasnodar tram network that was seriously damaged as result of WWII. However, after the construction of this tramline had been started in 1950, the initial trace was hastily moved to Titarovskaya Street;
- the cosntruction of tramline to the biofactory along New Garden Street (now Garden Street) and Red Dawns Street. This project was implemented in 1952, although the initial route was changed because railroads that became arterial impeded to organize intersection with tramline at one and the same level;
- the construction of tramline from May Day Grove (now May Day Park) to the All-Union Research Institute of Tobacco and Shag Industry named after Anastas Mikoyan (now State All-Russian Research Institute of Tobacco, Shag and Tobacco Products of the All-Russian Academy of Agriculture). This new tramline was supposed to connect the tramlines leading to the Grove and to the Institute. In 1940 the dead-end siding was constructed along the grove, but due to beginning of the Great Patriotic War, the line leading to Institute that was removed of service, was not reconstructed to fit the broad gauge, and the segment that had been constructed was dismantled. It's interesting that nowadays Municipal Unitary Enterprise "Krasnodar Tram-Trolleybus Management" reverted to the forgotten project and in the nearest future it plans to construct the segment along the May Day Park to connect the tramlines along Officer Street and Moscow Street;
- the construction of tramline between Gorky Park and Garden Street; along Mound Street (now Gudima Street) and Narimanov Street (now Levanevsky Street). It was version of the pre-revolutionary project to construct the tramline along Kotlyarevsky Street (now Mitrofan Sedin Street) that was not implemented;
- the construction of tramline to the living settlement "Glavmargarin"; along Kirov Street and Fair Street (now Volodya Golovaty Street). It was another version of the pre-revolutionary project to construct the tramline leading to the northeastern part of the city; the project that was never implemented.

The general development of Krasnodar during interwar period

The administrative status of Krasnodar was changed few times during interwar period. On March 17, 1920 Soviet power was re-established in Yekaterinodar (now Krasnodar). Twelve days later, on March 29, 1920, the city became administrative center of newly-established Kuban-Black Sea Region. On February 13, 1924 Kuban-Black Sea Region as well as Don Region, Stavropol Governorate and Terek Governorate were incorporated into newly-established South-Eastern Region with administrative center in Rostov-on-Don. Eight months later, on October 16, 1924, South-Eastern Region was incorporated into newly-established North Caucasus Region. Rostov-on-Don was administrative center of North Caucasus Region. As North Caucasus Region was very large its administration was very difficult, on January 10, 1934 it was divided into two parts: Azov-Black Sea Region (with administrative center in Rostov-on-Don) and North Caucasus Region (with administrative center in Pyatigorsk). As a result, Krasnodar and surrounding areas became a part of the Azov-Black Sea Region. On July 13, 1937 Azov-Black Sea Region was divided into Krasnodar Region and Rostov Region. After that, Krasnodar got its current administrative status - the administrative center of Krasnodar Region.

The population of city increased during 20 years of Soviet rule. Initially it decreased from 145.8 thousand residents in 1920 to 144.2 thousand residents in 1923. According to the First All-Union Census of the Soviet Union of 1926, there lived 162.520 thousand people (78.815 men and 83.705 women) in Krasnodar. 83.424 residents (51.3%) were Russians, 48.559 residents (29.9%) - Ukrainians. It was 16th most populous city of the USSR and ninth most populous city of the Russian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic (RSFSR). In next years, the population continued to grow - 170.1 thousand residents in 1931, 177.7 thousand residents in 1932, 189.0 thousand residents in 1933. However, the population of Krasnodar Region suffered a lot during Great Soviet Famine of 1932–1933. In 1939 in Krasnodar lived 193.0 thousand residents.

The city infrastructure also improved. On June 16, 1918 in Krasnodar was founded first institute - North-Caucasian Polytechnical Institute (now Kuban State University of Technology). Professor Boris Rosing (1869-1933) - a worldwide known physicist, the inventor of electronic television, - was the founder of this institute. Though it was a very difficult and unstable period in the history of Russia, the professors and lecturers made every effort to improve both the quality of education and research activities prompted by the needs of local food and beverage industries. This led to the development of two major disciplines of food science such as fats-and-oil and wine-making technology. By 1940, this institute was recognized as a leading higher educational institution in food sciences in the USSR.

On September 19, 1920 there was founded Institute of People's Education (now Kuban State University) under leadership of the famous Lieutenant-General and scientist Nikandr Marx (1861-1921); on March 12, 1922 - Kuban Agricultural Institute (now Kuban State Agrarian University); on August 19, 1938 - Military School of Pilots (now Krasnodar Higher Military Aviation School); on January 5, 1940 - Krasnodar Engineering College. There were founded many theatres in Krasnodar. On April 29, 1920 there was established First Soviet Drama Theatre named after comrade Lunacharsky (now Krasnodar Academic Drama Theatre named after Maxim Gorky); on June 18, 1920 - children's theatre under leadership of famous Russian writer Samuil Marshak (1887-1964); in 1933 - Armavir City Theatre of Musical Comedy named after Anatoly Lunacharsky and Azov-Black Sea Musical Comedy (now Krasnodar Musical Theatre); in April 1939 - Krasnodar Regional Puppet Theatre; on May 10, 1939 - Krasnodar Regional Philharmonic (now Krasnodar Regional State Philharmonic named after Grigory Ponomarenko). In 1932-1933 there was established Krasnodar Airport.

The scheme of Krasnodar tram network by 1934 (the routes were numbered in 1933):
black lines: railways;
№1: Machine-Tool Plant named after Gleb Sedin - "Dynamo" Stadium at Shevchenko Street (now Red Street);
№2 ●: Red Street - Pashkovskaya stanitsa;
№3 ●: Red Street - Eastern tram depot;
№4: Tanneries - Rail Terminal Krasnodar I;
№5 ●: Red Street - Rail Terminal Krasnodar I;
№6: Pier - Rail Terminal Krasnodar I;
№7: Tanneries - Garden Street;
№8: New Garden Street (now Garden Street) - All-Union Institute of Tobacco Industry (now State All-Russian Research Institute of Tobacco, Shag and Tobacco Products of the All-Russian Academy of Agriculture);
suburban line: "Dynamo" Stadium at Shevchenko Street (now Red Street) - May Day Grove (now May Day Park);
service tramline: Wagon-repair shops at Proletarian Street (now Peace Street) - Gorky Street;
freight branch tramline to the freight yard of Rail Terminal Krasnodar I;
X - Northern tram depot at Shevchenko Street (now Red Street);
X - Eastern tram depot near Karl Liebknecht Street (now Stavropol Street);
X - Management of "Kraseltram" Trust and wagon-repair shops at Proletarian Street (now Peace Street);


kubtransport
CLICKABLE

The scheme of Krasnodar tram network by 1937 (tram routes were renumbered in 1935, but there are no complete data about this fact):
black lines: railways;

TRAM ROUTES OF BROAD GAUGE (1524 mm):
1) Tannery at Bryusov Street - Rail Terminal Krasnodar I;
2) Railway Bridge - Gorky Street.

TRAM ROUTES OF NARROW GAUGE (1000 mm):
2a) Gorky Street - "Dynamo" Stadium at Shevchenko Street (now Red Street);
3) "Dynamo" Stadium at Shevchenko Street (now Red Street) - May Day Grove (now May Day Park);
4) New Garden Street (now Garden Street) - All-Union Research Institute of Tobacco and Shag Industry named after Anastas Mikoyan (now State All-Russian Research Institute of Tobacco, Shag and Tobacco Products of the All-Russian Academy of Agriculture);
5) Kirov Street - Garden Street;
6 ●) Red Street - Rail Terminal Krasnodar I;
7 ●) Red Street - Eastern tram depot;
8 ●) Red Street - Pashkovskaya stanitsa;

service tramline: Wagon-repair shops at Proletarian Street (now Peace Street) - Gorky Street;
freight branch tramline to the freight yard of Rail Terminal Krasnodar I;
freight branch tramline to the Pier;
X - Northern tram depot at Shevchenko Street (now Red Street);
X - Eastern tram depot near Karl Liebknecht Street (now Stavropol Street);
X - Management of "Kraseltram" Trust and wagon-repair shops at Proletarian Street (now Peace Street):


kubtransport
CLICKABLE

The scheme of Krasnodar tram network by 1937 (tram routes were renumbered in 1935, but there are no complete data about this fact):
thick lines: double-track tramlines;
thin lines: single-track tramlines (with passing loops);
black lines: railways;

TRAM ROUTES OF BROAD GAUGE (1524 mm):
1) Tannery at Bryusov Street - Rail Terminal Krasnodar I;
2) Railway Bridge - Gorky Street.

TRAM ROUTES OF NARROW GAUGE (1000 mm):
2a) Gorky Street - "Dynamo" Stadium at Shevchenko Street (now Red Street);
3) "Dynamo" Stadium at Shevchenko Street (now Red Street) - May Day Grove (now May Day Park);
4) New Garden Street (now Garden Street) - All-Union Research Institute of Tobacco and Shag Industry named after Anastas Mikoyan (now State All-Russian Research Institute of Tobacco, Shag and Tobacco Products of the All-Russian Academy of Agriculture);
5) Kirov Street - Garden Street;
6) Red Street - Rail Terminal Krasnodar I;
7) Red Street - Eastern tram depot;
8) Red Street - Pashkovskaya stanitsa;

service tramline: Wagon-repair shops at Proletarian Street (now Peace Street) - Gorky Street;
freight branch tramline to the freight yard of Rail Terminal Krasnodar I;
freight branch tramline to the Pier;
X - Northern tram depot at Shevchenko Street (now Red Street);
X - Eastern tram depot near Karl Liebknecht Street (now Stavropol Street);
X - Management of "Kraseltram" Trust and wagon-repair shops at Proletarian Street (now Peace Street):


kubtransport
CLICKABLE

The scheme of Krasnodar tram network by 1942 (tram routes were renumbered again in 1939):
black lines: railways;

TRAM ROUTES OF BROAD GAUGE (1524 mm):
1) Tannery at Bryusov Street - Rail Terminal Krasnodar I;
2) Railway Bridge - May Day Grove (now May Day Park);
Closed dead-end siding: May Day Grove (now May Day Park) - All-Union Research Institute of Tobacco and Shag Industry named after Anastas Mikoyan (now State All-Russian Research Institute of Tobacco, Shag and Tobacco Products of the All-Russian Academy of Agriculture).

TRAM ROUTES OF NARROW GAUGE (1000 mm):
3) Kirov Street - railway branch line;
4) New Market (now Cooperative Market) - Eastern tram depot;
5) New Market (now Cooperative Market) - Rail Terminal Krasnodar I;
6) New Market (now Cooperative Market) - Pashkovskaya stanitsa;
service tramline: Wagon-repair shops at Proletarian Street (now Peace Street) - Gorky Street;
freight branch tramline to the freight yard of Rail Terminal Krasnodar I;
freight branch tramline to the Pier;
X - Northern tram depot at Red Street;
X - Eastern tram depot near Karl Liebknecht Street (now Stavropol Street);
X - Management of "Kraseltram" Trust and wagon-repair shops at Proletarian Street (now Peace Street):


kubtransport
CLICKABLE

The scheme of Krasnodar tram network by 1942 (tram routes were renumbered again in 1939):
thick lines: double-track tramlines;
thin lines: single-track tramlines (with passing loops);
black lines: railways;

TRAM ROUTES OF BROAD GAUGE (1524 mm):
1) Tannery at Bryusov Street - Rail Terminal Krasnodar I;
2) Railway Bridge - May Day Grove (now May Day Park);
Closed dead-end siding: May Day Grove (now May Day Park) - All-Union Research Institute of Tobacco and Shag Industry named after Anastas Mikoyan (now State All-Russian Research Institute of Tobacco, Shag and Tobacco Products of the All-Russian Academy of Agriculture).

TRAM ROUTES OF NARROW GAUGE (1000 mm):
3) Kirov Street - railway branch line;
4) New Market (now Cooperative Market) - Eastern tram depot;
5) New Market (now Cooperative Market) - Rail Terminal Krasnodar I;
6) New Market (now Cooperative Market) - Pashkovskaya stanitsa;
service tramline: Wagon-repair shops at Proletarian Street (now Peace Street) - Gorky Street;
freight branch tramline to the freight yard of Rail Terminal Krasnodar I;
freight branch tramline to the Pier;
X - Northern tram depot at Red Street;
X - Eastern tram depot near Karl Liebknecht Street (now Stavropol Street);
X - Management of "Kraseltram" Trust and wagon-repair shops at Proletarian Street (now Peace Street):


kubtransport
CLICKABLE
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Old May 27th, 2014, 05:53 PM   #3708
geometarkv
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May 1934. The regauging of the former Proletarian Line - workers of "Kraseltram" Trust changes overhead line due to replacing of roller-rod current collectors of electric tramcars on bow-type collectors:

myekaterinodar

May 1934. The regauging of the former Proletarian Line at the intersection of Proletarian Street (now Peace Street) and Medvedovskaya Street (now Kirov Street):

myekaterinodar

May 1934. The regauging of the former Proletarian Line at the intersection of Proletarian Street (now Peace Street) and Communards Street, tram route №4: "Rail Terminal Krasnodar I - Tanneries". The workers of "Kraseltram" Trust changes overhead line due to replacing of roller-rod current collectors of electric tramcars on bow-type collectors:

myekaterinodar

May 1934. The regauging of the former Proletarian Line at the intersection of Proletarian Street (now Peace Street) and Mitrofan Sedin Street. St. Catherine Cathedral at right:

myekaterinodar

May 1934. The regauging of the former Proletarian Line near the intersection of Proletarian Street (now Peace Street) and Karasun Canal (now Suvorov Street), the view to west. Management of "Kraseltram" Trust and wagon-repair shops at the territory of Central tram depot (right):

myekaterinodar

May 1934. The regauging of the former Proletarian Line at the intersection of Proletarian Street (now Peace Street) and Red Street:

myekaterinodar

May 1934. The regauging of the former Proletarian Line at the intersection of Proletarian Street (now Peace Street) and Red Street:

myekaterinodar

May 1934. The regauging of the former Proletarian Line at the intersection of Proletarian Street (now Peace Street) and Red Street. House of Labour Unions (former "Grand Moscow" Hotel) on the background:

myekaterinodar

Winter of 1934/1935. Tramcars near the intersection of Proletarian Street (now Peace Street) and Red Street. "2nd Soviet" Hotel (former Hotel "Europe") and St. Catherine Cathedral on the background:

myekaterinodar

May 1935. The regauging of the former Red Line at the intersection of Red Street and Proletarian Street (now Peace Street):

myekaterinodar

1938. Tramcars near intersection of Red Street and Proletarian Street (now Peace Street):

myekaterinodar

1930s. Tramcar at Red Street between Gogol Street and Karasun Street:

myekaterinodar
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Old May 27th, 2014, 05:54 PM   #3709
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Kh/M tram train №8-108 at Krasnodar:

kubtransport

The passenger saloon of MAN tramcar:

kubtransport

1932. Tramcar at Medvedovskaya Street (now Kirov Street):

kubtransport

Early 1930s. MAN tramcar of converting type (with removable casements) during studies of civil defense at the Northern tram depot at Shevchenko Street (now Red Street):

kubtransport

Mid-1930s. Group of tram employees at the Eastern tram depot near the narrow-gauge tramcars (№68 and №59) that were delivered from other cities. Tram routes №8 ("Red Street - Pashkovskaya stanitsa") and №7 ("Red Street - Eastern tram depot"):

kubtransport

1937. Agricultural Communist Academy in the former building of "Central" Hotel (now Krasnodar department of the "Saving bank of Russia") at the intersection of Red Street and Khakurate Street (now Gymnasium Street):

myekaterinodar

1938. Tramcars at Red Street near garden square named after comrade Khakurate (now Zhukov garden square):

Grozniy

October 6, 1938. The participants of bike ride named after 20th anniversary of the All-Union Leninist Young Communist League at Red Army Street between its intersections with Karasun Street and Brick Street (now Chapayev Street):

myekaterinodar

1939. Tramline at Pashkovskaya stanitsa near the school at the intersection of Red Street (now Yevdokia Bershanskaya Street) and Shevchenko Street:

myekaterinodar
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Old May 27th, 2014, 05:54 PM   #3710
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May 1, 1939. May Day demonstration at Red Street between its intersections with Soviet Street and Komsomol Street. Photo shooting from the window of house #17 Red Street:

myekaterinodar

May 1, 1939. May Day demonstration at Red Street between its intersections with Soviet Street and Komsomol Street:

myekaterinodar

May 1, 1939. May Day demonstration at Red Street between its intersections with Soviet Street and Komsomol Street:

myekaterinodar

May 1, 1939. May Day demonstration at Red Street between its intersections with Soviet Street and Komsomol Street:

myekaterinodar

May 1, 1939. May Day demonstration at Red Street between its intersections with Soviet Street and Komsomol Street:

myekaterinodar

May 1, 1939. May Day demonstration at Red Street between its intersections with Soviet Street and Komsomol Street:

myekaterinodar

May 1, 1939. May Day demonstration at Red Street between its intersections with Soviet Street and Komsomol Street. "2nd Soviet" Hotel (former Hotel "Europe") on the background:

myekaterinodar

May 1, 1939. May Day demonstration at Red Street between its intersections with Soviet Street and Komsomol Street:

myekaterinodar

May 1, 1939. May Day demonstration at Red Street between its intersections with Soviet Street and Komsomol Street:

myekaterinodar

May 1, 1939. May Day demonstration at Red Street between its intersections with Soviet Street and Komsomol Street. The inscription: "USSR - the country of abundance":

myekaterinodar

May 1, 1939. May Day demonstration at Red Street between its intersections with Soviet Street and Komsomol Street:

myekaterinodar

May 1, 1939. May Day demonstration at Red Street between its intersections with Soviet Street and Komsomol Street:

myekaterinodar

May 1, 1939. May Day demonstration at Red Street between its intersections with Soviet Street and Komsomol Street. Krasnodar Regional Art Museum named after Anatoly Lunacharsky (now Krasnodar Regional Art Museum named after Fyodor Kovalenko) on the background:

myekaterinodar

May 1, 1939. May Day demonstration at Red Street between its intersections with Soviet Street and Komsomol Street:

myekaterinodar

May 1, 1939. May Day demonstration at Red Street between its intersections with Soviet Street and Komsomol Street:

myekaterinodar

May 1, 1939. May Day demonstration at Red Street between its intersections with Soviet Street and Komsomol Street. "2nd Soviet" Hotel (former Hotel "Europe") on the background:

myekaterinodar

May 1, 1939. May Day demonstration at Red Street between its intersections with Soviet Street and Komsomol Street:

myekaterinodar

May 1, 1939. May Day demonstration at Red Street between its intersections with Lenin Street and Workers' Faculty Street (now Gymnasium Street):

myekaterinodar
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Old May 27th, 2014, 05:55 PM   #3711
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May 1, 1939. May Day demonstration at Red Street near its intersection with Gogol Street. Photo shooting from the window of the Krasnodar branch of the State Philharmonic (now Krasnodar Regional State Philharmonic named after Grigory Ponomarenko) in the building of Winter Theatre at #55 Red Street:

myekaterinodar

May 1, 1939. May Day demonstration at Red Street near its intersection with Gogol Street:

myekaterinodar

May 1, 1939. May Day demonstration at Red Street near its intersection with Gogol Street:

myekaterinodar

May 1, 1939. May Day demonstration at Red Street near its intersection with Gogol Street. Hotel "Central" (left):

myekaterinodar

May 1, 1939. May Day demonstration at Red Street near its intersection with Gogol Street:

yugzone

May 1, 1939. May Day demonstration at Red Street near its intersection with Gogol Street:

yugzone

May 1, 1939. May Day demonstration at Red Street near its intersection with Gogol Street:

yugzone

May 1, 1939. May Day demonstration at Red Street near its intersection with Gogol Street:

yugzone

May 1, 1939. May Day demonstration at Red Street near its intersection with Gogol Street:

myekaterinodar

May 1, 1939. May Day demonstration at Red Street near its intersection with Gogol Street. Hotel "Central" (left):

myekaterinodar

May 1, 1939. May Day demonstration at Red Street near its intersection with Gogol Street:

myekaterinodar

May 1, 1939. May Day demonstration at Red Street near its intersection with Gogol Street. The inscription: "USSR - the country of abundance":

myekaterinodar

May 1, 1939. May Day demonstration at Red Street near its intersection with Gogol Street:

myekaterinodar

May 1, 1939. May Day demonstration at Red Street near its intersection with Gogol Street:

myekaterinodar

May 1, 1939. May Day demonstration at Red Street near its intersection with Gogol Street:

myekaterinodar
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Old May 27th, 2014, 05:56 PM   #3712
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1940. Krasnodar Regional Art Museum named after Anatoly Lunacharsky (now Krasnodar Regional Art Museum named after Fyodor Kovalenko) at the intersection of Red Street and Soviet Street:

myekaterinodar

1940. Krasnodar Regional department of the State Bank near the intersection of Red Street and Ordzhonikidze Street:

myekaterinodar

1940. "Gastronom" shop (former Khristofor Khlebnikov's House, so-called "Moorish Palace") near the intersection of Red Street and Lenin Street:

myekaterinodar

1940. Krasnodar Regional Committee of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) in the former building of Hotel "Central" at the intersection of Red Street and Voroshilov Street (now Gymnasium Street):

myekaterinodar

1940. The former building of Hotel "Metropol" (left) and Hotel "Central" (right) at the intersection of Red Street and Gogol Street:

myekaterinodar
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Old May 27th, 2014, 05:57 PM   #3713
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THE HISTORY OF KRASNODAR TRAM ROUTES (1900-1941)

The first electric tram routes were opened on December 23, 1900. Prior to mid-1930s, it had no numbers - only names of the lines.

Red Line:

The first tram route operated along the main street of Krasnodar - Red Street. From the beginning, it was most popular route for residents. For about half of century, it was most busiest tram route in the city.

December 23, 1900 - early 1910:
Unnumbered Red Line: Municipal Garden (now Central Park of Culture and Leisure named after Maxim Gorky) - Post Street - Red Street - Rostov Street (now Red Street) - Bread Market near Pasture Street (now Khakurate Street). It was served by Central tram depot.

early 1910 - September 21, 1931:
Unnumbered Red Line: Municipal Garden (now Central Park of Culture and Leisure named after Maxim Gorky) - Post Street - Red Street - Rostov Street (now Red Street) - slaughterhouse at Rostov Street (now Red Street). It was served by Central tram depot (1910-1920s) and Northern tram depot (1920s-1931).

September 22, 1931 - 1932:
Unnumbered Red Line: Machine-Tool Plant named after Gleb Sedin - Zakharov Street - Municipal Garden (now Central Park of Culture and Leisure named after Maxim Gorky) - Post Street - Red Street - Shevchenko Street (now Red Street) - slaughterhouse at Shevchenko Street (now Red Street). It was served by Northern tram depot.

1932 - 1933:
Unnumbered Red Line: Machine-Tool Plant named after Gleb Sedin - Zakharov Street - Central Park of Culture and Leisure named after Maxim Gorky - Post Street - Red Street - Shevchenko Street (now Red Street) - "Dynamo" Stadium at Shevchenko Street (now Red Street). It was served by Northern tram depot.

In 1933 this route got number №1, in 1935 - №2. Although later original track of this route was changed, it preserved status of central route.

Red Line, abbreviated route:

This route was opened in early 1910s (in 1911-1912) because of increasing of passenger traffic at the limited part of the Red Line in the centre of city.

191? - 193?:
Unnumbered abbreviated route of the Red Line: Municipal Garden (now Central Park of Culture and Leisure named after Maxim Gorky) - Post Street - Red Street - New Street (now Budyonny Street). It was served by Central tram depot.

By early 1930s, this route was closed. The exact date of closing is unknown. At least, this route didn't mentioned in the "Handbook of the Krasnodar city of 1933".

St. Catherine Line (Proletarian Line):

Within 10 years since the opening of Yekaterinodar Tram in 1900, St. Catherine Line served only as secondary route connecting main Red Line with Rail Terminal. However, as a result of further extension of Belgian tram network, it became second most important tram route.

December 23, 1900 - July 16, 1911:
Unnumbered St. Catherine Line: Vladikavkaz Rail Terminal (now Krasnodar I) - St. Catherine Street (now Peace Street) - Red Street. It was served by Central tram depot.

July 17, 1911 - November 4, 1920:
Unnumbered St. Catherine Line: Vladikavkaz Rail Terminal (now Krasnodar I) - St. Catherine Street (now Peace Street) - Medvedovskaya Street (now Kirov Street) - Gymnasium Street - Pier. It was served by Central tram depot.

November 5, 1920 - 1932:
Unnumbered Proletarian Line: Vladikavkaz Rail Terminal (now Krasnodar I) - Proletarian Street (now Peace Street) - Medvedovskaya Street (now Kirov Street) - Gymnasium Street - Pier. It was served by Central tram depot (till 192?) and Northern tram depot (since 192?).

1932 - 1933:
Unnumbered Proletarian Line: Rail Terminal Krasnodar I - Proletarian Street (now Peace Street) - Medvedovskaya Street (now Kirov Street) - Blacksmith Street (now Kalinin Street) - Furrier Street - Direct Lane - Tanneries at Tannery Street. It was served by Northern tram depot.

According to some reports, penultimate (1920-1932) and last (1932-1933) versions of route of the Proletarian Line existed simultaneously in 1933-1934 and got numbers №6 and №4 respectively. In mid-1930s, after numbering and renumbering as a result of regauging on the broad gauge, tram route №6 was closed (although till the end of 1940s cargo-and-passenger rides between the freight yard of Rail Terminal Krasnodar I and the pier operated in order to serve rural dwellers, who arrived to the regional center). At same period, tram route №4 was turned into route №1 (which later was radically changed and directed through branch tramline of the Pashkovskaya Line).

St. Demetrius Line:

The first route that connected industrial outskirts and city centre. From the beginning, it was considered as tram route for lower classes of society - the majority of its passengers were workers. That's why at this line were exploited worst tramcars in Yekaterinodar - without mirrors and curtains at the windows. Its transformation into closed-type tramcars for operation in winter period was started only in December - later than at other lines. Such attitude towards this route preserved even after Great October Socialist Revolution of 1917 because Pokrovka and area of tanneries remained one of the most "proletarian" city districts for long time.

September 20, 1909 - 1911:
Unnumbered route of first stage of the St. Demetrius Line: Red Street - St. Demetrius Street (now Gorky Street) - Garden Street - Intercession Market at New Blacksmith Street. It was served by Central tram depot.

November 27, 1910 - 1911:
Unnumbered route of second stage of the St. Demetrius Line: Red Street - St. Demetrius Street (now Gorky Street) - Medvedovskaya Street (now Kirov Street) - Blacksmith Street (now Kalinin Street) - Battery Street (now Turgenev Street). It was served by Central tram depot.

1911 - 1929:
Unnumbered St. Demetrius Line: Tanneries at Tannery Street - Direct Lane - Furrier Street - Blacksmith Street (now Kalinin Street) - Medvedovskaya Street (now Kirov Street) - St. Demetrius Street (now Gorky Street) - Garden Street - Intercession Market at New Blacksmith Street. It was served by Central tram depot.

1929 - 1933:
Unnumbered St. Demetrius Line: Tanneries at Tannery Street - Direct Lane - Furrier Street - Blacksmith Street (now Kalinin Street) - Medvedovskaya Street (now Kirov Street) - St. Demetrius Street (now Gorky Street) - Garden Street - railway. It was served by Central tram depot.

In mid-1930s, this route changed several numbers: since 1933 - №7, since 1935 - unknown. Since 1939, this route has current number №3. And nowadays, this route continues to link present-day bedroom districts with city centre through preserved historical trace in the central part.

Temporary line to the Exhibition:

This temporary route was built for visitors of agricultural exhibition which took place in Yekaterinodar in the autumn of 1910. It was dismantled soon after closing of exhibition.

August 28, 1910 - November 1910:
Rostov Street (now Red Street) - New Blacksmith Street - Exhibition at Dinskaya Street (now Levanevsky Street).

Suburban Line to the Grove:

Pleasurable suburban route by which residents rode to its favorite place of rest - Chistyakov Grove (now May Day Park). After restoration in 1926, it operated only in summer period (by beginning of 1930s - only at weekends). There was small passenger traffic. That's why at this suburban route operated obsolete open-type tramcars of first generation that previously used at other tramlines.

1911 - November 1913:
Unnumbered suburban line to the Grove: slaughterhouse at Rostov Street (now Red Street) - highway (now Red Street - Gavrilov Street - 40 Years of Victory' Street) - southern entrance to the Chistyakov Grove (now May Day Park). It was served by Suburban tram depot (now Northern tram depot).

November 1913 - April 1914:
The route didn't operated and tramline was partly dismantled due to construction of the Black Sea Rail Terminal (now Krasnodar II) and railway that crossed suburban tramline.

April 1914 - 1920:
Unnumbered suburban line to the Grove: slaughterhouse at Rostov Street (now Red Street) - highway (now Red Street - Officer Street) - northwestern entrance to the Chistyakov Grove (now May Day Park). It was served by Suburban tram depot (now Northern tram depot).

1920 - 1926:
The route didn't operated and tramline was dismantled.

1926 - 1932:
Unnumbered suburban line to the Grove: slaughterhouse at Rostov Street (now Red Street) - highway (now Red Street - Officer Street) - northwestern entrance to the May Day Grove (now May Day Park). It was served by Northern tram depot.

1932 - 1937:
Unnumbered suburban line to the Grove: "Dynamo" Stadium at Shevchenko Street (now Red Street) - highway (now Red Street - Officer Street) - northwestern entrance to the May Day Grove (now May Day Park). It was served by Northern tram depot.

In 1938 this suburban line was regauged on the broad gauge at the expense of the Plant of Measuring Instruments (that located near the grove). Tram route №2 began to operate by this tramline - it was the realization of the old idea (1913) of ​​through traffic from the beginning of Red Street to the Chistyakov Grove (now May Day Park).

Line to the Black Sea Rail Terminal:

Originally this tramline was part of the suburban line to the Grove. As a result of construction of the Black Sea Rail Terminal (now Krasnodar II) and railway, suburban line to the Grove was closed in November 1913. It was partly dismantled and reopened in April 1914 by the new route. The part of old suburban line became to use for the new route to Black Sea Rail Terminal (now Krasnodar II), which was opened in 1914.

1914 - 1920:
Unnumbered line to the Black Sea Rail Terminal: slaughterhouse at Rostov Street (now Red Street) - highway (now Red Street - Gavrilov Street) - Black Sea Rail Terminal (now Krasnodar II). It was served by Suburban tram depot (now Northern tram depot).

In 1920, due to aftermath of Russian Civil War, this route was closed and tramline was dismantled.

Suburban route of Pashkovskaya Line:

This suburban route was opened on the initiative and at the expense of residents of the Pashkovskaya stanitsa (Cossack settlement) near Yekaterinodar. For residents of stanitsa, it was very comfortable way to reach city centre because its terminal stop was located between New Market (now Cooperative Market) and Winter Theatre. During two years since its opening, there operated only petrol-driven tramcars. In 1914, Pashkovskaya Line was electrified.

April 4, 1912 - 1933:
Red Street - Gogol Street - Railway Street - Mountain Street (now Vishnyakova Street) - Stavropol Street - highway (now Stavropol Street - Tram Street) - Peter the Great' Street (now Yevdokia Bershanskaya Street) - Pashkovskaya stanitsa. It was served by Pashkovskoye tram depot (now Eastern tram depot).

In 1930s-1940s this route changed several numbers: in 1933 - №2, in 1935 - №8, in 1939 - №6. Finally, in 1949 it got its current number - №5. Probably, in mid-1930s it had another number that is unknown nowadays (in 1936 in the newspaper article were mentioned routes №6, №7 and №8 at Pashkovskaya Line). This route immediately became important transport artery that passed through undeveloped territories of suburbs. This route determined eastern direction of city development for many years. As a result, in early 1960s it lost own suburban status. Nowadays it preserved own historical track and continues to play important role in the city life.

Urban route of Pashkovskaya Line to Dubinka:

This route was opened after electrification of the urban segment of the Pashkovskaya Line in 1914.

December 27, 1914 - 1930:
Unnumbered urban route of Pashkovskaya Line to Dubinka: Nicholas Avenue (now Red Street) - Gogol Street - Railway Street - Mountain Street (now Vishnyakova Street) - Stavropol Street - Wide Street (now Shevchenko Street). It was served by Pashkovskoye tram depot (now Eastern tram depot).

1930 - 1933:
Unnumbered urban route of Pashkovskaya Line to Dubinka: Red Street - Gogol Street - Railway Street - Mountain Street (now Vishnyakova Street) - Karl Liebknecht Street (now Stavropol Street) - Eastern tram depot near Karl Liebknecht Street (now Stavropol Street). It was served by Eastern tram depot.

In 1930s this route changed several numbers: in 1933 - №3, in 1935 - №7. Since 1939 it has current number - №4. Later, as a result of city growth, this route repeatedly been extended to new districts.

Urban route of Pashkovskaya Line to Rail Terminal:

This route should to be competitor of the St. Catherine Line in terms of passenger traffic between Vladikavkaz Rail Terminal (now Krasnodar I) and city centre.

August 3, 1915 - 1920:
Unnumbered urban route of Pashkovskaya Line to Rail Terminal: Nicholas Avenue (now Red Street) - Gogol Street - Vladikavkaz Rail Terminal (now Krasnodar I). It was served by Pashkovskoye tram depot (now Eastern tram depot).

1920 - January 31, 1926:
The route didn't operated due to aftermath of Russian Civil War.

February 1, 1926 - 1933:
Unnumbered urban route of Pashkovskaya Line to Rail Terminal: Red Street - Gogol Street - Rail Terminal Krasnodar I. It was served by Eastern tram depot.

In 1930s this route changed several numbers: in 1933 - №5, in 1935 - №6, in 1939 - №5. In late 1940s this route was closed, but in 1952 its track became part of the changed track of tram route №1 (that was replaced with tram route №11 at this part not so long ago).

Line to the All-Union Research Institute of Tobacco and Shag Industry:

This tram route is totally forgotten nowadays. It was opened in 1929 and disappeared from city map in 1939. According to unconfirmed information, this route appeared in purpose to use tramline that was laid during construction of so-called "Budyonny's General Headquarters" (the popular name of bunker at the present-day territories of the Children's town "Fairytale" and State All-Russian Research Institute of Tobacco, Shag and Tobacco Products of the All-Russian Academy of Agriculture). But apparently this route became unjustified in economical terms.

1929 - 1933:
Unnumbered line to the Central Institute of the Experimental Tobacco Growing: New Garden Street (now Garden Street) - Highway Street (now 40 Years of Victory' Street) - Moscow Street - Central Institute of the Experimental Tobacco Growing (now State All-Russian Research Institute of Tobacco, Shag and Tobacco Products of the All-Russian Academy of Agriculture). It was served by Central tram depot.

In 1933 this route got number №8. In 1935 it got another number unknown nowadays. By 1940, both tram route and tramline ceased to exist. Only after 30 years tram tracks were built again at the final segment of this route, only after 60 years - at the first segment. There began to operate tram routes №5, №8 and №21 at these tracks.

In 1933 Krasnodar tram routes were numbered. However, original numbers of tram routes were radically changed in the process of regauging of Krasnodar tram network that started in January 1934.

Tram route №1:

Originally it was former route of the Red Line. In 1935, due to beginning of regauging of the Red Line, its former route got №2. At that year, former Proletarian Line was regauged on the broad gauge and its route got number №1.

1933 - 1935:
№1: Machine-Tool Plant named after Gleb Sedin - Zakharov Street - Central Park of Culture and Leisure named after Maxim Gorky - Post Street - Red Street - Shevchenko Street (now Red Street) - "Dynamo" Stadium at Shevchenko Street (now Red Street). It was served by Northern tram depot (1933-1934) and Central tram depot (1934-1935).

1935 - 1941:
№1: Rail Terminal Krasnodar I - Proletarian Street (now Peace Street) - Kirov Street - Blacksmith Street (now Kalinin Street) - turning ring (Kalinin Street - Bryusov Street - Furrier Street) - Tannery at Bryusov Street. It was served by Northern tram depot.

Tram route №2:

Originally it was suburban route of Pashkovskaya Line. In 1935 this suburban route got number №8 while former route of the Red Line got number №2 due to beginning of its regauging. In 1935-1937 tram route №2 consisted of two segments with different gauge width (the transfer was at the border of those segments). In 1937 this route was totally regauged on the broad gauge. After extension of 1938, it included former suburban line to the May Day Grove (now May Day Park).

1933 - 1935:
№2: Red Street - Gogol Street - Railway Street - Mountain Street (now Vishnyakova Street) - Karl Liebknecht Street (now Stavropol Street) at Dubinka - Stavropol Street at Sady - highway (now Tram Street) - Red Street (now Yevdokia Bershanskaya Street) - Pashkovskaya stanitsa. It was served by Eastern tram depot.

1935:
№2: Broad gauge: Machine-Tool Plant named after Gleb Sedin - Zakharov Street - Central Park of Culture and Leisure named after Maxim Gorky - Post Street - Red Street - Transfer at Proletarian Street (now Peace Street) - Narrow gauge: Red Street - Shevchenko Street (now Red Street) - "Dynamo" Stadium at Shevchenko Street (now Red Street). It was served by Central tram depot (southern broad-gauge segment) and Northern tram depot (northern narrow-gauge segment).

1935 - 1937:
№2: Broad gauge: Railway Bridge - Zakharov Street - Central Park of Culture and Leisure named after Maxim Gorky - Post Street - Red Street - Transfer at Gorky Street - Narrow gauge: Red Street - Shevchenko Street (now Red Street) - "Dynamo" Stadium at Shevchenko Street (now Red Street). It was served by Central tram depot (southern broad-gauge segment) and Northern tram depot (northern narrow-gauge segment).

1937 - 1938:
Railway Bridge - Zakharov Street - Central Park of Culture and Leisure named after Maxim Gorky - Post Street - Red Street - Shevchenko Street (now Red Street) - "Dynamo" Stadium at Shevchenko Street (now Red Street). It was served by Central tram depot.

1938 - 1941:
Railway Bridge - Zakharov Street - Central Park of Culture and Leisure named after Maxim Gorky - Post Street - Red Street - Shevchenko Street (now Red Street) - highway (now Red Street - Officer Street) - northwestern entrance to the May Day Grove (now May Day Park). It was served by Northern tram depot.

Tram route №3:

Originally it was urban route of Pashkovskaya Line to Dubinka. In 1935 this route got number №7. In 1935-1938 one of tram routes that operated at narrow-gauge tramlines at the northern part of city had number №3. In 1939 former route of the St. Demetrius Line got this number. However, prior to 1950, tram route №3 was only shortened version of the St. Demetrius Line due to different gauge width (this difference appeared in 1934). Its track in the centre of city remained unchanged since moment of construction of the St. Demetrius Line in 1909-1911.

1933 - 1935:
№3: Red Street - Gogol Street - Railway Street - Mountain Street (now Vishnyakova Street) - Karl Liebknecht Street (now Stavropol Street) - Eastern tram depot near Karl Liebknecht Street (now Stavropol Street). It was served by Eastern tram depot.

1935 - 1939:
№3: The one of tram routes that operated at narrow-gauge tramlines at the northern part of city (the exact information is unknown). It was served by Northern tram depot.

1939 - 1941:
№3: Railway - Garden Street - Gorky Street - Kirov Street. It was served by Eastern tram depot.

Tram route №4:

Originally it was one of tram routes of the Proletarian Line. In 1935, after regauging on the broad gauge, it got number №1. In 1935-1938 one of tram routes that operated at narrow-gauge tramlines at the northern part of city had number №4. In 1939 urban route of the Pashkovskaya Line to Dubinka got this number.

1933 - 1935:
№4: Rail Terminal Krasnodar I - Proletarian Street (now Peace Street) - Medvedovskaya Street (now Kirov Street) - Blacksmith Street (now Kalinin Street) - Furrier Street - Direct Lane - Tanneries at Tannery Street. It was served by Northern tram depot.

1935 - 1939:
№4: The one of tram routes that operated at narrow-gauge tramlines at the northern part of city (the exact information is unknown). It was served by Northern tram depot.

1939 - 1941:
№4: Red Street - Gogol Street - Railway Street - Mountain Street (now Vishnyakova Street) - Karl Liebknecht Street (now Stavropol Street) - Eastern tram depot near Karl Liebknecht Street (now Stavropol Street). It was served by Eastern tram depot.

1941:
№4: New Market (now Cooperative Market) - Gogol Street - Railway Street - Mountain Street (now Vishnyakova Street) - Karl Liebknecht Street (now Stavropol Street) - Eastern tram depot near Karl Liebknecht Street (now Stavropol Street). It was served by Eastern tram depot.

Tram route №5:

Originally it was urban route of the Pashkovskaya Line to Rail Terminal Krasnodar I. In 1935 this route got number №6. In 1935-1938 one of tram routes that operated at narrow-gauge tramlines at the northern part of city had number №5. In 1939 urban route of the Pashkovskaya Line to Rail Terminal Krasnodar I got this number again.

1933 - 1935:
№5: Red Street - Gogol Street - Rail Terminal Krasnodar I. It was served by Eastern tram depot.

1935 - 1939:
№5: The one of tram routes that operated at narrow-gauge tramlines at the northern part of city (the exact information is unknown). It was served by Northern tram depot.

1939 - 1941:
№5: Red Street - Gogol Street - Rail Terminal Krasnodar I. It was served by Eastern tram depot.

1941:
№5: New Market (now Cooperative Market) - Gogol Street - Rail Terminal Krasnodar I. It was served by Eastern tram depot.

Tram route №6:

Originally it was one of tram routes of the Proletarian Line. This regular route was closed in 1934 due to regauging of the Proletarian Line on the broad gauge. In 1935 the urban route of the Pashkovskaya Line to Rail Terminal Krasnodar I got number №6. In 1939 this urban route of the Pashkovskaya Line got number №5 while suburban route to the Pashkovskaya stanitsa got number №6.

1933 - 1934:
№6: Rail Terminal Krasnodar I - Proletarian Street (now Peace Street) - Medvedovskaya Street (now Kirov Street) - Workers' Faculty Street (now Gymnasium Street) - Pier. It was served by Northern tram depot.

1934 - 1935:
The route was closed.

1935 - 1939:
№6: Red Street - Gogol Street - Rail Terminal Krasnodar I. It was served by Eastern tram depot.

1939 - 1941:
№6: Red Street - Gogol Street - Railway Street - Mountain Street (now Vishnyakova Street) - Karl Liebknecht Street (now Stavropol Street) at Dubinka - Stavropol Street at Sady - highway (now Tram Street) - Red Street (now Yevdokia Bershanskaya Street) - Pashkovskaya stanitsa. It was served by Eastern tram depot.

1941:
№6: New Market (now Cooperative Market) - Gogol Street - Railway Street - Mountain Street (now Vishnyakova Street) - Karl Liebknecht Street (now Stavropol Street) at Dubinka - Stavropol Street at Sady - highway (now Tram Street) - Red Street (now Yevdokia Bershanskaya Street) - Pashkovskaya stanitsa. It was served by Eastern tram depot.

Tram route №7:

Originally it was former route of the St. Demetrius Line. In 1934 this route was shortened as a result of regauging. In 1935 it got another number while urban route of the Pashkovskaya Line to Dubinka got number №7. In 1939 route to Dubinka got number №4.

1933 - 1934:
№7: Tanneries at Tannery Street - Direct Lane - Furrier Street - Blacksmith Street (now Kalinin Street) - Medvedovskaya Street (now Kirov Street) - Gorky Street - Garden Street - Kruglik №1. It was served by Northern tram depot.

1934 - 1935:
№7: Medvedovskaya Street (now Kirov Street) - Gorky Street - Garden Street - Kruglik №1. It was served by Northern tram depot.

1935 - 1939:
№7: Red Street - Gogol Street - Railway Street - Mountain Street (now Vishnyakova Street) - Karl Liebknecht Street (now Stavropol Street) - Eastern tram depot near Karl Liebknecht Street (now Stavropol Street). It was served by Eastern tram depot.

1939 - 1941:
The route was closed.

Tram route №8:

Originally it was tram route to the All-Union Institute of Tobacco Industry. In 1935 this route got another number while suburban route of the Pashkovskaya Line got number №8. In 1939 tram route to Pashkovskaya stanitsa got number №6.

1933 - 1935:
№8: New Garden Street (now Garden Street) - Highway Street (now 40 Years of Victory' Street) - Moscow Street - All-Union Institute of Tobacco Industry (now State All-Russian Research Institute of Tobacco, Shag and Tobacco Products of the All-Russian Academy of Agriculture). It was served by Northern tram depot.

1935 - 1939:
№8: Red Street - Gogol Street - Railway Street - Mountain Street (now Vishnyakova Street) - Karl Liebknecht Street (now Stavropol Street) at Dubinka - Stavropol Street at Sady - highway (now Tram Street) - Red Street (now Yevdokia Bershanskaya Street) - Pashkovskaya stanitsa. It was served by Eastern tram depot.

1939 - 1941:
The route was closed.

1941. Kh/M tram train №19-119 near the Krasnodar Regional Committee of the All-Union Communist Party (Bolsheviks) in the former building of Hotel "Central" at the intersection of Red Street and Voroshilov Street (now Gymnasium Street), tram route №2: "Railway Bridge - May Day Grove (now May Day Park)":

kubtransport
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Old May 27th, 2014, 05:58 PM   #3714
geometarkv
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THE DRAWINGS OF THE PRE-WWII TRAMCARS

These drawings of the rolling stock were created in 1985 by engineer of Krasnodar Tram Varudzhan Buyukyan and were discovered in archive of the Municipal Unitary Enterprise "Krasnodar Tram and Trolleybus Management" in 2004.

Open-type motor tramcar of the Belgian company (1900s):

Kubtransport

MAN closed-type motor tramcar of the Belgian company (1900s):

Kubtransport

Open-type motor tramcar of the Belgian company (1910s):

Kubtransport

MAN motor tramcar of converting type (with removable casements) of the Belgian company (1910s):

Kubtransport

MAN open-type trailer of the Belgian company (1910s):

Kubtransport

MAN electic tramcar (redone petrol-driven tramcar) of the Pashkovskaya Line (1910s):

Kubtransport

Motor tramcar on Becker-type bogies ("F" series):

kubtransport

"Kh" motor tramcar of the Mytishchi Plant (1930s):

kubtransport

The model of Kh/M tram train:

Link

1983. The information stand dedicated to the history of the Krasnodar Tram and Trolleybus Management:

kubtransport
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Old May 27th, 2014, 05:59 PM   #3715
geometarkv
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"Kh" TRAMCAR №3 OF MYTISHCHI PLANT

In Krasnodar was preserved original pre-WWII "Kh" tramcar №3. It was one of six "Kh" tramcars that were constructed in 1931 at Mytishchi Plant near Moscow and were delivered to Krasnodar next year. Originally those six tramcars had numbers №№ 70-75, it were constructed for operation at narrow-gauge tramlines. In 1934-1942, during regauging of Krasnodar tramlines, six "Kh" tramcars were reconstructed for operation at broad-gauge tramlines and got numbers №№ 1-6.

"Kh" tramcar №3 operated in Krasnodar approximately prior to 1967 when it was written off. After that, it was reconstructed into service tramcar № S-9 (Service tramcar №9) and operated as tower for repair of overhead contact network. In 1987-1989, during preparations to celebrations dedicated to 90th anniversary of Krasnodar Tram, service tramcar № S-9 was reconstructed into excursion tramcar № E-1 (Excursion tramcar №1). Excursion tramcar operated during holidays (City Day, Victory Day, jubilees of Krasnodar Tram, etc) and at different ordered trips. In mid-2000s it was removed from service because it created problems for regular tram routes. In 2007 excursion tramcar № E-1 was set on the pedestal near administrative building of the Eastern tram depot as monument. In August 2012 this tramcar was renovated by enthusiasts and got number №3.

1989. The former service tramcar № S-9 (constructed in 1931 at Mytishchi Plant) at the wagon-repair shops at Peace Street:

kubtransport

1989. The restoring of "Kh" tramcar at the wagon-repair shops at Peace Street:

kubtransport

1989. The painting of the future excursion tramcar № E-1 at the wagon-repair shops at Peace Street:

kubtransport

1989. The restoring of "Kh" tramcar at the wagon-repair shops at Peace Street:

kubtransport
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Old May 27th, 2014, 06:00 PM   #3716
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1989. The presentation of the restored "Kh" excursion tramcar № E-1 at the terminal stop "40 Years of Victory' Street":

kubtransport

1989. The presentation of the "Kh" tramcar № E-1. The photo from brochure "90 Years of Krasnodar Tram" (1990):

kubtransport

1989. The passenger saloon of the "Kh" excursion tramcar № E-1:

kubtransport

1989. Tram driver of the "Kh" excursion tramcar № E-1:

kubtransport

Late 1990s. "Kh" tramcar № E-1. The photo from brochure "Electric Transport - From Past to Future" (2000):

kubtransport
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Old May 27th, 2014, 06:01 PM   #3717
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Late 1990s. "Kh" tramcar № E-1 (right). The photo from brochure "Electric Transport - From Past to Future" (2000):

kubtransport

2001. "Kh" tramcar № E-1 near the wagon-repair shops at Peace Street:

Ищенко Никита

February 6, 2002. "Kh" tramcar № E-1 at the Eastern tram depot at Stavropol Street:

Kubtransport

July 5, 2002. Driver's seat of the "Kh" tramcar № E-1 at the Eastern tram depot at Stavropol Street:

Олег Бодня

July 5, 2002. The passenger saloon of the "Kh" tramcar № E-1 at the Eastern tram depot at Stavropol Street:

Олег Бодня

July 5, 2002. The rear side of the "Kh" tramcar № E-1 at the Eastern tram depot at Stavropol Street:

Олег Бодня

July 31, 2002. "Kh" tramcar № E-1 at Furrier Street:

Олег Бодня
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Old May 27th, 2014, 06:01 PM   #3718
geometarkv
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August 4, 2009. "Kh" tramcar № E-1 on the pedestal near administrative building of the Eastern tram depot:

Олег Бодня

March 4, 2010. "Kh" tramcar № E-1 on the pedestal near administrative building of the Eastern tram depot:

Владимир Сергеев

June 21, 2012. "Kh" tramcar № E-1 on the pedestal near administrative building of the Eastern tram depot:

Ищенко Никита

August 14, 2012. The first day of renovation of the "Kh" tramcar № E-1:

Ищенко Никита

August 14, 2012. Driver's seat of the "Kh" tramcar № E-1 at the Eastern tram depot:

Ищенко Никита

August 14, 2012. The passenger saloon of the "Kh" tramcar № E-1 at the Eastern tram depot:

Игорь Букатин

August 14, 2012. The passenger saloon of the "Kh" tramcar № E-1 at the Eastern tram depot:

Игорь Букатин

August 14, 2012. The passenger saloon of the "Kh" tramcar № E-1 at the Eastern tram depot:

Олег Бодня

August 14, 2012. Driver's seat of the "Kh" tramcar № E-1 at the Eastern tram depot:

Яков Козлов
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Old May 27th, 2014, 06:02 PM   #3719
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August 15, 2012. The second day of renovation of the "Kh" tramcar № E-1:

Ищенко Никита

August 16, 2012. The third day of renovation of the "Kh" tramcar № E-1:

Ищенко Никита

August 16, 2012. The third day of renovation of the "Kh" tramcar № E-1:

Яков Козлов

August 17, 2012. The fourth day of renovation of the "Kh" tramcar № E-1:

Ищенко Никита

August 20, 2012. The seventh day of renovation of the "Kh" tramcar № E-1:

Ищенко Никита

August 24, 2012. The last day of renovation of the "Kh" tramcar (with new number - №3):

Олег Бодня

August 24, 2012. The last day of renovation of the "Kh" tramcar №3:

Олег Бодня

December 5, 2013. "Kh" tramcar №3 at the Eastern tram depot:

Игорь Букатин
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Old May 28th, 2014, 04:05 AM   #3720
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why aren't they replacing with modern design trams like western europe?
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