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Old March 15th, 2011, 01:55 AM   #881
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sokhovich


sokhovich

Way out:

Юлия Пономарёва

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Old March 15th, 2011, 02:38 AM   #882
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at Chkalovskaya, is that the main avtovokzal for Yekaterinburg?
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Old March 15th, 2011, 04:03 AM   #883
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Woonsocket54 View Post
at Chkalovskaya, is that the main avtovokzal for Yekaterinburg?
This is Southern Avtovokzal (Bus Terminal) - the oldest bus terminal of Yekaterinburg. The Northern Bus Terminal is newest, but it was built according to modern standarts and has better location (near Main Rail Terminal of Yekaterinburg and Metro station "Uralskaya"). Now they plan to remove the Southern Bus Terminal to the future Metro station "Botanicheskaya".
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Old March 15th, 2011, 06:13 AM   #884
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its very cool, cool outside with colourfull coach... and also nice in subway operation budgeting....
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Old March 18th, 2011, 09:20 PM   #885
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ST. PETERSBURG METRO

March 17, 2011. Construction of the station "Bukharestskaya" ("Bucharest"), which planned to be open next year.

Service room under the platform:

andreev

The laying of concrete:

andreev

Here laying of concrete is completed:

andreev

Construction of the passageways between the pylons:

andreev
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Old March 18th, 2011, 09:23 PM   #886
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OMSK METRO

March 18, 2011. Construction of the pedestrian underpass, where will be located entrance to the station "Pushkin Library":

AlexP

Station "Zarechnaya" ("Beyond the River"). Preparation for the resumption of tunnel boring works:

AlexP


AlexP
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Old March 20th, 2011, 01:52 PM   #887
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OMSK METRO

March 19, 2011. Construction of the station "Pushkin Library":

Ghetto

Perhaps, this is site of the future exit from the station:

Ghetto

The exit near the John the Baptist's Temple:

Ghetto


Ghetto
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Old March 20th, 2011, 01:53 PM   #888
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Territory of the construction site:

Ghetto

Here is located station "Pushkin Library":

Ghetto

Entrance to the station:

Ghetto


Ghetto


Ghetto
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Old March 20th, 2011, 01:53 PM   #889
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ST. PETERSBURG METRO

March 18, 2011. Construction site of the station "Mezhdunarodnaya" ("International"), which planned to be open next year:

Инженер


Инженер
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Old March 21st, 2011, 01:09 AM   #890
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MARCH 19, 2011. KAZAN METRO.

Construction of the station "Dekabristov" ("Decembrists"). Southern side:

[email protected]

Active excavation at the northern side:

[email protected]

One more construction site of the station "Dekabristov":

[email protected]

Construction site of the station "Moskovskaya" ("Moscow"):

[email protected]
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Old March 21st, 2011, 10:50 PM   #891
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FEW MORE PHOTOS FROM KAZAN. CONSTRUCTION SITES OF THE FUTURE METRO STATIONS (ALL THREE STATIONS ARE PLANNED TO BE OPEN ON MAY 9, 2013):

1) "DEKABRISTOV" ("DECEMBRISTS"):

RENALD


RENALD


RENALD
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Old March 21st, 2011, 10:51 PM   #892
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2) "MOSKOVSKAYA" ("MOSCOW"):

RENALD


RENALD

3) "AVIASTROITELNAYA" ("AIRCRAFT MANUFACTURING"):

RENALD


RENALD
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Old March 21st, 2011, 11:24 PM   #893
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ST. PETERSBURG METRO

March 21, 2011. Construction of the station "Admiralteyskaya" ("Admiralty"), which planned to be open next year:

Link

Mosaic panel in the end of central hall:

Link


Link
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Old March 21st, 2011, 11:25 PM   #894
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The vault of station:

Link


Link

The place for the NIP (New Informational Space) indicators:

Link

Here will be placed bas-reliefs of the most prominent admirals in the history of Russian fleet:

Link
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Old March 27th, 2011, 03:17 AM   #895
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Well, it's seem that the Metro theme had become too boring and monotonous. Therefore, I'm decided to stop this Metro stream and to write about other non-typical kinds of Urban Transport in Russia. Thus, we can some expand the geography of this thread.
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Old March 27th, 2011, 03:20 AM   #896
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FUNICULARS IN RUSSIA - HISTORY, PRESENT AND PROJECTS

CHAPTER ONE - FIRST RUSSIAN FUNICULARS:

WORLD HISTORY OF FUNICULAR:

The oldest funicular is the Reisszug, a private line providing goods access to Hohensalzburg Castle at Salzburg in Austria. It was first documented in 1515 by Cardinal Matthäus Lang, who became Archbishop of Salzburg. The line originally used wooden rails and a hemp haulage rope, and was operated by human or animal power. Today steel rails, steel cables and an electric motor have taken over, but the line still follows the same route through the castle's fortifications.

The first railway in England with wooden rails was probably made for James Clifford, lord of the manor of Broseley. He was working coal mines there by 1575 and had a wagonway delivering coal to barges on river Severn by 1606. This is after the first record of a railway in England, the Wollaton Wagonway, but seems to be earlier.

In the 18th century funiculars were used to allow barge traffic on canals to ascend and descend steep hills. An early example were the three inclined planes on the Tyrone Canal in County Tyrone that were in use as early as 1777. They were used primarily in the early 19th century, especially during the height of the canal-building era in the 1830s in the United States. Such railways operated by allowing water in feeder canals at the top of the plane to drive a turbine, raising or lowering a canal barge along a steep slope.

Examples of hydropower inclined plane railroads in the United States included the Morris Canal in New Jersey connected the Delaware River with the Passaic River using 23 planes, as well as a series of locks along the gentler gradients. The Allegheny Portage Railroad, part of the Pennsylvania Main Line Canal, built in 1834 with ten planes as the first railroad across the Allegheny Mountains of Pennsylvania, was steam powered.

Modern funicular railways operating in urban areas date from the 1860s. The first line of the Funiculars of Lyon (Funiculaires de Lyon) opened in 1862, followed by other lines in 1878, 1891 and 1900. The Budapest Castle Hill Funicular was built in 1868/9, with the first test run was on 23 October 1869. The oldest funicular railway operating in Britain dates from 1875 and is in Scarborough, North Yorkshire.

One of the most famous funiculars was the Great Incline of the Mount Lowe Railway (1893) in Altadena, California, designed by Andrew Smith Hallidie of San Francisco cable car fame. The Mount Lowe Railway combined its funicular, raising passengers 2800 feet (859 m) up the steep side of Mount Echo (elevation 3500 feet or 1067 m), with electric narrow-gauge trolley systems at each end (the Rubio Canyon line was standard-gauged after being acquired by Henry Huntington's Pacific Electric Railway). The Incline had three grade changes, the lower end at 62% easing to a 48% at the top, and the cars were designed to adjust to the grade changes for the comfort of their passengers. It had three rails to reduce the width of the formation and the materials required, though a complicated cable routing system was needed at the passing track.

The eastern United States had several incline railways, most engineered by the Otis Elevator Company of Yonkers, NY (today a subsidiary of UTC in Connecticut). Perhaps the best example was the Mount Beacon Incline Railway (1902) in Beacon, NY, the steepest funicular Otis built in the northeast. It had an average gradient of 64+%, a maximum gradient of 74% and operated for over 75 years. It was destroyed by fire in 1983 and a not-for-profit society is currently working toward its restoration.

The first funicular system in Russia was opened on July 15, 1896 in Nizhny Novgorod.

WHY IN NIZHNY NOVGOROD?

Makaryev Fair was a fair in Russia held annually every July near Makaryev Monastery in Nizhny Novgorod Region on the left bank of the Volga River from the mid-16th century to 1816. Following a massive fire in 1816, it was moved to Nizhny Novgorod, where it became even more famous. However, for some decades thereafter it still was commonly referred to as Makariev Fair. It attracted many foreign merchants from India, Iran, and Central Asia. This fair was a commerce centre to sell up to half the total production of export goods in Russia.

Main Hall of Nizhny Novgorod Fair, 19th century:

Wikipedia

For this reason, Nizhny Novgorod was chosen as the venue for the All-Russia Exhibition 1896, which was held simultaneously with the Nizhny Novgorod Fair. It was the most significant exhibition in the history of the Russian Empire.

The All-Russia industrial and art exhibition in Nizhny Novgorod was held from June 9 till October 13, 1896. The 1896 exhibition was the biggest pre-revolution exhibition in Russian Empire and was organized with the money allotted by Nicholas II, Emperor of Russia. The All-Russia industrial conference was held together with the exhibition.

The exhibition demonstrated the best achievements of the industrial development in Russia that began in the latter part of the 19th century:
- the world’s first radio receiver (thunderstorm register) designed by Alexander Popov;
- the first Russian automobile designed by Evgeniy Yakovlev and Pyotr Freze;
- the world’s first hyperboloid steel tower-shell and the world’s first steel lattice hanging and arch-like overhead covers-shells (8 exhibition pavilions with the total area of more than 25 thousand square meters, including the unique rotunda of great Russian engineer Vladimir Shukhov (Russian Empire patents №№ 1894, 1895, 1896 dated March 12, 1899);
- many other technical inventions, technologies and artistic achievements.

The world's first hyperboloid lattice 37-meter water tower by Vladimir Shukhov (1896):

Wikipedia

The suburb of Kanavino, on the left bank of Oka River, was chosen as the place for the exhibition. It occupied the territory of around 84 hectares within a few hundreds meters southwest of the Nizhny Novgorod Fair. Nearly 70 buildings and constructions were built in Nizhny Novgorod and at the exhibition with the money allotted by the Nicholas II, Emperor of Russia. Also, more than 120 pavilions of private companies were built on the territory of the exhibition.

On May 20, 1896 few days before the beginning of All-Russia Exhibition, begun to operate the first tramline in the present-day Russia (although the first tramline in former Russian Empire was inaugurated on June 13, 1892 in Kyiv, Ukraine and the temporary tramline over ice covering the Neva river during winters was inaugurated on January 31, 1895 in St. Petersburg). On July 15, 1896 was opened the first funicular system in Russian Empire.

Tramline near oval pavilion of Vladimir Shukhov (1896):

Wikipedia

Tramline on the bridge across Oka River:

Wikipedia
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Last edited by AlekseyVT; March 29th, 2011 at 09:16 PM.
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Old March 27th, 2011, 03:28 AM   #897
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However, the idea of ​​a funicular railway in Nizhny Novgorod arose before the All-Russia Exhibition. The problem was that the right part of Nizhny Novgorod is located on the high bank of the Oka and Volga Rivers, and horse-drawn carriages struggled to cope with this altitude difference.

The first project of funicular-type elevator of own design was proposed in 1885 by the ​​famous Nizhny Novgorod engineer Vladimir Kalashnikov. According to his project, the funicular was supposed to link the coast of the Oka River and Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin. However, it was never realized.

In 1888 the city government has announced a contest to the best design of funicular system. In 1889 Moscow firm "F. I. Görle and Co." submitted its project. In addition to the funicular, the firm offered to build horsecar lines in the lower and upper parts of the city. This project was approved in 1892. On January 20, 1893 Robert Kilevein, companion of F. Görle, offered to built electric-powered tramlines instead of horsecars. These tramlines was built in 1895-1896 by firm "Hartmann & Co" in the upper and lower parts of the city. It was put into operation on June 21, 1896. According to the proposal of Rafael von Hartmann, these tramlines were linked by the two funiculars (which were known as elevators in these times) on the slopes - Kremlyovsky (Kremlin) and Pokhvalinsky. Kremlin funicular was linked the present-day Square of People's Unity and the territory of Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin. This route was partly located under ground (under the Kremlin wall). Pokhvalinsky funicular was linked the area near pontoon bridge across Oka River and the former Smirnovsky Garden.

THE SCHEME OF NIZHNY NOVGOROD TRAMWAYS AND FUNICULARS IN 1896:
Green line on the left bank of Oka River - "Siemens & Halske"'s Kanavino line, 1524 mm gauge; opened on May 20; built as an exhibit for the All-Russia Exhibition; initial intent was to be dismantle the line after the Exhibition; extended on the right bank of Oka River via pontoon bridge on June 28, 1896.
Blue line on the left bank of Oka River - Mikhail Podobedov's Exhibition circular line, 750 mm gauge with third rail; opened on June 21, 1896; exact alignment is unknown; dismantled after the Exhibition on October 14, 1896.
Red line on the right bank of Oka River - Rafael von Hartmann's Upper Bazaar line, 1000 mm gauge; opened on June 21, 1896.
Dark-red line on the right bank of Oka River - Rafael von Hartmann's Lower Bazaar line, 1000 mm gauge; opened on June 21, 1896.
Purple line on the right bank of Oka River - Pokhvalinsky funicular, linking Upper and Lower Bazaar lines; opened on July 15, 1896.
Brown line on the right bank of Oka River - Kremlin funicular, linking Upper and Lower Bazaar lines; opened on July 15, 1896.
Black lines on the left bank of Oka River - Railroads.


Wikipedia

Technical parameters of Nizhny Novgorod funiculars:
one track with a siding;
water-ballast;
gauge - 1000 mm;
length - 143 m (Kremlin), 173 m (Pokhvalinsky);
altitude difference - 45 m (Kremlin), 63 m (Pokhvalinsky);
gradient - 36%.

Pokhvalinsky funicular, lower station:

Link

Pokhvalinsky funicular, upper station:

Link
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Old March 27th, 2011, 03:30 AM   #898
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Kremlin funicular:

Link


Link


Link


Link


Link

TO BE CONTINUED....
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Old March 27th, 2011, 03:42 AM   #899
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Didn't Piter restart planning for their Nadzemny Express LRT?
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Old March 27th, 2011, 07:44 PM   #900
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Quote:
Originally Posted by manrush View Post
Didn't Piter restart planning for their Nadzemny Express LRT?
At present this project at the stage of political chatter about grandious future.
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