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Old April 29th, 2010, 01:21 AM   #141
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That too. Why can't the metro authorities in St Petersburg design 21st century stations like the new ones in Moscow where instead of trying to repeat the Stalinist designs of the past, they design 21st century versions.
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Old May 7th, 2010, 11:07 AM   #142
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Kaliningrad trams in 2000

Some pictures from a visite in the Year of 2000 ......


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Old June 14th, 2010, 09:12 PM   #143
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RUSSIA | Urban Transport Compilation


This thread is devoted to Metropolitenes and Metrobuildings at the Russian cities (except the Moscow).

The history of the opening of the Metro in Russia and former Soviet Union:
May 15, 1935 - Moscow, Russia.
November 15, 1955 - Leningrad (now St.-Peterburg), Russia.
November 6, 1960 - Kiev, Ukraine.
January 11, 1966 - Tbilisi, Georgia.
November 6, 1967 - Baku, Azerbaijan.
August 23, 1975 - Kharkiv, Ukraine.
November 6, 1977 - Toshkent, Uzbekistan.
March 7, 1981 - Yerevan, Armenia.
June 30, 1984 - Minsk, Belarus.
November 20, 1985 - Gorki (now Nizhniy Novgorod), Russia.
January 7, 1986 - Novosibirsk, Russia.
December 26, 1987 - Kuybyshev (now Samara), Russia.
April 26, 1991 - Sverdlovsk (now Yekaterinburg), Russia.
December 29, 1995 - Dnipropetrovsk, Ukraine.
August 27, 2005 - Kazan, Russia.

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Old June 14th, 2010, 09:19 PM   #144
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Novosibirsk Metro

Novosibirsk is the third largest city of Russia, with a population of 1.4 million people. It was founded as a junction city between the main transfer arteries in Siberia, the Trans-Siberian railway and the Ob River. Thus, it was not a surprise that the city grew very quickly. Plans for a rapid transit system began to be formed in the late 1960s and on the May 12, 1979 the first construction works began. With wide experience in metro construction from the other metros of the USSR, it took seven and a half years to complete work on the five-station launch stage of the system which was triumphantly opened on January 7, 1986, becoming the eleventh Metro in the USSR and the fourth in Russia.

Work quickly expanded to meet the original plans for a 62 kilometre 4 line network. However the financial difficulties of the early 1990s meant that most of the work had to be frozen, and only recently they have been resumed.

The system contains 12 stations on two lines. 80 carriages form 20 four-carriage trains which carry over 250,000 passengers daily. The stations are vividly decorated in late-Soviet style. Currently of the 12 stations (11 station plus the interchange station counted twice), seven are pillar-trispan, four are single vaults. There is also a surface level station which follows a 2.145 km covered bridge span of the river Ob.


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Old June 14th, 2010, 09:21 PM   #145
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Novosibirsk Metro:

Photos taken by Gelio:

Line 1 - Leninskaya Line:

1) "Ploshchad Marksa" ("Marx Square"). Opened on July 26, 1991:

2) "Studencheskaya" ("Student station"). Opened on December 28, 1985:

3) "Rechnoy Vokzal" ("River Terminal"). Opened on December 28, 1985:











4) "Oktyabrskaya" ("October station"). Opened on December 28, 1985:

5) "Ploshchad Lenina" ("Lenin Square"). Opened on December 28, 1985:

6) "Krasniy Prospekt" ("Red Avenue"). Opened on December 28, 1985:

Transfer to the Line 2:

7) "Gagarinskaya" ("Yury Gagarin *"). Opened on April 2, 1992:
* first world spaceman

8) "Zaeltsovskaya" ("Beyond the Yeltsovka river"). Opened on April 2, 1992:

Line 2 - Dzerzhinskaya Line:

9) "Ploshchad Garina-Mikhaylovskogo" ("Nikolay Garin-Mikhaylovskiy's * Square"). Opened on December 31, 1987:
* Russian writer, who consider as one of the founders of Novosibirsk

10) "Sibirskaya" ("Siberian station"). Opened on December 31, 1987:

"Forests of Siberia":

"Soils of Siberia":

"Peoples and Mountains":

"Bread of Siberia":

"Waters of Siberia":

"History of Siberia":

"Flowers of Siberia":


11) "Marshala Pokryshkina" ("Marshal Alexander Pokryshkin's * station"). Opened on December 28, 2000:
* legendary pilot ace, first three times Hero of the Soviet Union.

12) "Beryozovaya Roshcha" ("Birch Grove"). Opened on June 25, 2005:

"Zolotaya Niva" ("Golden Niva"). 13th station planned to be opened this year:


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Old June 14th, 2010, 10:49 PM   #146
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Are any other metro systems in Russia and Ukraine (minus Moscow, Piter, Kiev and Kazan) going to get either new or refurbished rolling stock?
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Old June 14th, 2010, 11:15 PM   #147
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That's a very nice set of pictures from Novosibirsk. It's the more interesting fopr me, coz it's not that often and easy to get pics from this city metro.
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Old June 15th, 2010, 01:28 PM   #148
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Originally Posted by manrush View Post
Are any other metro systems in Russia and Ukraine (minus Moscow, Piter, Kiev and Kazan) going to get either new or refurbished rolling stock?
Most of Russian metro systems dates from late 1980's. So rolling stock is not that old to refurbish or replace it. Moscow has just started replacement of 81-71x series from 1977-1980. So other systems have at least 5-10 years.
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Old June 15th, 2010, 06:17 PM   #149
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I like the tileworks on Siberian station. Those are pretty amazing !
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Old June 15th, 2010, 08:50 PM   #150
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Nizhniy Novgorod Metro


Nizhny Novgorod (known in the Soviet times as Gorky) is a large city on the middle Volga. In the mid 1970s the population of the place exceeded a million thus meeting the Soviet requirements to develop a rapid-transit system. Construction began on December 17, 1977 and the network was opened to the public on November 20, 1985 becoming the third such system in Russia, and the tenth in the former Soviet Union.

Unlike other Soviet time Metros, Nizhny Novgrod does not feature the traditional triangle layout of three line, six radii intersecting under city centre. This is because of the unusual layout of the city. Nizhny Novgorod is located on the right bank of the Volga River, and at the confluence of the Oka River.

Over the 20th century, the city developed in a polycentric manner. The historical city centre, including the Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin bears most of administrative, cultural and educational functions and is located on the high hilly right bank of the Oka, whilst the low flat left bank hosts city's most industries and some major residential districts grouped around the three centers in Kanavino (where the city's central railway station and the largest urban transport hubs are located), Sormovo (with the largest industry being the Krasnoye Sormovo plant) and Avtozavod (GAZ).

Faced with such a physical dislocation, the planners adopted a design that would feature two lines with four radii opened in a series of stages (and each stage in segments). The main hub of the system, the "Moskovskaya" station, located next to Nizhny Novgorod's main railway station, would feature a four track two island platform arrangement offering a cross-platform transfer. The first stage would be Avtozavodskaya Line, following south along the left bank of the Oka, through residential and industrial zones of Leninsky district, the massive GAZ automobile plant and into the Avtozavod residential districts. The second stage would be the Sormovskaya Line which would go from "Moskovskaya" west into the Sormovo districts. The third stage would feature a combined auto and Metro bridge across the Oka taking the Avtozavodskaya into the city centre, and the fourth and final stage would be the Sormovskaya passing into the Meshcherskoye Ozero residential area north-west of the Railway station, on the bank of the Volga. All of this would be finished by the late 1990s and the system would be a total of 25 kilometres long with above 20 stations.

The order in which the stages was opened was influenced by the industry-centric flows of passengers of the Soviet period, and the depot placement issue. Cross-river traffic used not to be as intense as it is today. GAZ was not only the dominating employer of the Avtozavodsky district, but also consumed a lot of workforce from the Northern parts of the city. The only suitable plot for the train depot was found near the automobile plant, too.

Whilst the pace of Metro construction in the Soviet Union was impressive, it did not, and could not foresee the events that would happen when the Soviet Union collapsed and how the financial and social implications would make the Nizhny Novgorod Metro a system with a very difficult future. So, when the first stage was completed in 1989, construction began on the second one...and that was the state in which the Gorky Metro embraced the 1990s.

The collapse of the Soviet Union had devastating effects on the economy and people's lives. Aided with a hyperinflation, almost all funding of expansion of Metros, save Moscow and Saint Petersburg was cut. Those segments that did open in the early 1990s were mostly completed already and the bankrupt companies and workers struggled to finish them off. In late 1993 the first two station segment of the Sormovskaya Line was opened in Nizhny Novgorod.


The Nizhny Novgorod Metro has an unusual operation. Formally it consists of two lines and 14 stations. However as Moskovskaya is a terminus for both of them, the trains arriving from one line continue into the other. Only two of the four tracks on Moskovskaya are in regular use, thus making sense to class it as a single station instead of two.

All but one of the thirteen stations are underground, and all are shallow level designs. "Moskovskaya" is the former USSR's unique pillar-fivespan, "Chkalovskaya", "Leninskaya", "Park Kultury" and "Kanaviskaya" are the standard single-vaults, and the rest are the standard pillar-trispans. The station "Burevestnik" is an exception as it is a surface station with side-platform layout.

The rolling stock of the Metro is provided by the Proletarskoye depot and a total of 80 81-717/714 models are in use. The length of each train is four cars long. Thus formally it is possible to make 20 trains, however there are never that many in operation, and the train interval is about 7½–8 min long in midday.


More than a decade and half later, little has changed for the Nizhny Novgorod Metro and now it faces the grimmest fate of expansion. The biggest problem is that despite being the longest of its "new" Russian Metro rivals (new refers to Novosibirsk, Samara and Yekaterinburg) it has a passenger traffic that is one of the lowest - 16.8 million annual ridership in 2004. For comparison, the Novosibirsk system is almost double that.

The root of this problem is not the layout but the Soviet priorities on stage openings, over the past decade, the new Russian population's social structure greatly changed. Many chose to abandon the factories and, particularly the younger generation, in favour of a career in commerce. For Nizhny Novgorod this had a great effect on the daily transport pattern, where the city centre became a nexus for the region's business. Many agree that it was a grave mistake not to link up the two banks of the Oka river prior to continuing the expansion into the residential districts.

Indeed at present the necessity of the Metro on the right bank is felt, as all the three bridges that connect the land transport routes are over congested. More disturbing is the fear that the first station on the right bank — "Gorkovskaya" would, if opened, not be able to deal with the massive passenger traffic, meaning that the right bank will have to open with several stations. For the other direction of the Metro — Sormovoskaya Line is also a mess. Neither the first segment of the line, nor its one extension to a surface station — "Burevestnik" actually reach Sormovo proper and ends amid an industrial zone. Many commuters thus choose not to use the Metro altogether as they would be forced to switch to land transport anyway.

Thus the only single transport artery that the Metro provides is the Avtozavodskaya Line, which apart from the terminus stations, is known for its very gloomy appearance due to the lighting being mostly off to cut electricity costs. Construction of Metrobridge began in 1995, but its pace has been very slow. The northern extension of the Sormovskaya Line began at the same time when the station pit was dug up for the future "Yarmarka" station, but since it has been disbanded and covered up.

Nonetheless, despite such pessimism, many in Nizhny Novgorod believe that sooner or later there will be a major breakthrough in the deadlock. The recent example of the Kazan Metro is the cause of optimism. When faced with the deadline for the city's millennium anniversary, Metro brigades from Russia and the CIS joined to help complete the system for the opening. Given the need for the Metro in Nizhny Novgorod, sooner or later such a drastic helping hand would come. In fact the first signs are already showing when in the federal budget of 2006, the financing of the construction in Nizhny Novgorod doubled from 77.1 million rubles to 158.8. Although most of it (100 million) was directed towards the Metro bridge, nonetheless even that is welcome news, and indeed the pace of construction of the bridge has drastically increased over the past two years. In addition it was chosen to use part of the surface railway's tracks for completion of the Sormovskaya Line.

Thus the optimistic forecast is that in 2010 the Avtozavodskaya Line would finally cross into the city centre, allowing the Nizhny Novgorod Metro to finally become the transport artery that it was designed to be.

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Old June 15th, 2010, 08:52 PM   #151
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Nizhniy Novgorod Metro:

Photos taken from:

Line 1 - Avtozavodskaya Line:

1) "Moskovskaya" ("Moscow station"). Opened on November 20, 1985:

2) "Chkalovskaya" ("Valeriy Chkalov * "). Opened on November 20, 1985:
* Russian aircraft test pilot and a Hero of the Soviet Union, who was born at this region

3) "Leninskaya" ("Lenin station"). Opened on November 20, 1985:

4) "Zarechnaya" ("Beyond the river"). Opened on November 20, 1985:

5) "Dvigatel Revolutsii" ("Engine of Revolution" *). Opened on November 20, 1985:
* named for the nearest factory

6) "Proletarskaya" ("Proletarian station"). Opened on November 20, 1985:

7) "Avtozavodskaya" ("Automotive Factory"). Opened on August 8, 1987:

8) "Komsomolskaya" ("Komsomol * "). Opened on August 8, 1987:
* Communist Union of Youth

9) "Kirovskaya" ("Sergey Kirov * "). Opened on November 15, 1989:
* prominent early Bolshevik leader in the Soviet Union

10) "Park Kultury" ("Park of Culture"). Opened on November 15, 1989:

Line 2 - Sormovskaya Line:

1) "Moskovskaya" * ("Moscow station"). Opened on November 20, 1985:
* common station for the both lines

11) "Kanavinskaya" (named for Kanavinskiy district). Opened on December 20, 1993:

12) "Burnakovskaya" (named for Burnakovskiy Avenue). Opened on December 20, 1993:

13) "Burevestnik" ("Storm-Pettel * "). Opened on September 9, 2002:
* name of the nearest stadium


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Old June 19th, 2010, 12:37 AM   #152
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[QUOTE=ZimasterX;33629466]First metro in the world to use platform screen doors.

Those aren't screen doors. they're iron curtains.
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Old June 21st, 2010, 12:01 AM   #153
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Samara Metro:

The city of Samara (known during Soviet times as Kuybyshev) is situated at the confluence of the Samara and Volga Rivers. Being an important junction of several waterways and railways, the city grew rapidly during the 20th century simultaneously becoming an important industrial centre. In the late 1970s its population exceeded a million passing the legal Soviet requirement to begin developing a rapid-transit system.

The design plan for Kuybyshev was based on the standard Soviet triangle arrangement, but with provisions to suit the dynamics of Kuybyshev, whose business, commercial and historical centre is situated on the edge, on the bank of the Volga River. Whilst the edges of the city were located with industrial zones and Soviet bedroom regions. Most of the central regions (the geographical centre) between the areas were flats built primarily for the workers. It was also the central area which experienced the most concentrated congestion.

In the finalized plan, the first stage was to pass under this central artery and then expand westwards towards following the bank of the Volga around the commercial zone and eventually terminating at the city's central railway terminal. Construction began in 1980, on the first four station stretch totaling 4.5 km. On December 25, 1987 the system was triumphantly opened to the public becoming the fifth such in Russia and the twelfth of the former Soviet Union.

Immediately after the opening of the first stage, which despite its modest size (compared to other Soviet systems) the Metro was overladen with passengers. Construction of the second stage began shortly however, this was slowed down with the disintegration of the Soviet Union and the chaotic economic hardships that followed. Originally scheduled to open in 1991, the next three station 4.5 km segment opened slowly, one station at a time from December 1992 to December 1993.

Despite the economic stagnation, the system managed to grow to length that allowed it to carry out its major transport role, unlike the ill-fated Nizhny Novgorod and Yerevan Metros throughout the 1990s.

Construction on the third planned stage, originally destined for the second half of the 1990s began in 1991, was extremely slow because of constant offsets. Tts first station opened in December 2002, the second following five years later in 2007.

The next station "Alabinskaya" is due to follow in 2016, because of Samara Metro builders helped to finish off Kazan Metro for 2005 the latter system donated its newer shield to bore the tunnels up to "Alabinskaya" from "Rossiyskaya". From there the system will continue towards the historical centre towards the central theatre, located not far from the influx of Samarka into the Volga.

On the other end of the line, the station "Yunkgorodok", which was intended to be a temporary station will be liquidated and a new extension be built to "Krylya Sovetov". This would finish the first line and is expected to take place by 2015. Further plans includes a second and a third line for the systems, and both "Gagarinskaya" and "Moskovskaya" have clear provisions for a future transfer.


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Old June 21st, 2010, 12:02 AM   #154
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Metro Stations of Samara:

Photos taken from:

1) "Yunkgorodok" ("Junker town"). Opened on December 26, 1987:

2) "Kirovskaya" ("Sergey Kirov * "). Opened on December 26, 1987:
* prominent early Bolshevik leader in the Soviet Union

3) "Bezymyanka" ("Nameless station * "). Opened on December 26, 1987:
* named for the city district

4) "Pobeda" ("Victory"). Opened on December 26, 1987:

5) "Sovetskaya" ("Soviet station"). Opened on December 31, 1992:

6) "Sportivnaya" ("Sportive station"). Opened on March 25, 1993:

7) "Gagarinskaya" ("Yury Gagarin * "). Opened on December 26, 1993:
* first world spaceman

8) "Moskovskaya" ("Moscow station"). Opened on December 27, 2002:

9) "Rossiyskaya" ("Russian station"). Opened on December 26, 2007:


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Old June 21st, 2010, 05:16 PM   #155
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Thank you a lot for those beautiful pictures and those very instrutive informations.

Belgrade is one of the only few cities in Europe which doesn`t have metro, and hasn`t ever started its building. There are experiences all around the world where building of the metro didn`t give the expected results, and milions are spend, or the work suspended due to an economic or political reasons.

I know you will continue with description of Yekaterinburg and Kazan metro...
Russia is country with most tramway system in the world, but in last few years service was suspended in few cities, when in Europe and in America is the new age of tramways. What happend with tramways in Russia? Russia maybe have the best conditions for having light-rail (fast tram), because opposite to the most cities in Europe, USA or Canada, it is needless to make system from zero. This advantage used the most of the german cities, to make them upgrating tramway (LRT). As I know, only Volgograd used this advantage, which is more possible (economically feasible) solution then metro in the most cases (not all).
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Old June 23rd, 2010, 05:23 PM   #156
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Oh Samara Metro looks great, classical Soviet Metro !Well ok apart form the latest ones, but very nice indeed.
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Old June 24th, 2010, 12:53 AM   #157
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Yekaterinburg Metro:

Yekaterinburg, formerly called Sverdlovsk, was always known as the informal capital of the Urals, a natural divide between Europe and Asia, between Siberia and the European Russia. The city grew very rapidly because it was an important industrial centre and a transport hub. Plans for a rapid-transit system began in the late 1970s, and in 1980 construction began.

The city's uneven landscape, as well as its layout with a very dense city centre, prompted to combine deep and shallow stations. On 26 April 1991, the sixth Metro of Russia and the thirteenth and last Metro of the Soviet Union, which had ceased to exist only a few months later, was finally opened to the public. However, the economic crisis of the early 1990s rocked the Metro very hard and the first stage encompassed only three stations. However, then Russian president Boris Yeltsin (who was born and worked in Sverdlovsk region) diverted funds to complete its construction and by 1995 the Metro doubled in length. Since then, only one extension has been built.

The Metro is a typical Soviet design, which when completed will form a triangle from three lines intersecting in the city centre. Currently, the seven stations comprise 8.6 kilometres (5 mi) of length and are split between deep and shallow. Of the latter, two are pillar-trispans and one is a single vault (built to Kharkiv technology). The deep-level stations include one pylon, one column and two Leningrad-technology single vaults, although one was built to an indegious design making it appear as a single deck. Like all ex-Soviet Metros, the stations are elaborately decorated, although economic hardships prevented the full original designs to be implemented.

The Metro is served by one depot, Kalinovskoye, and 56 cars are assigned to it. The annual ridership is approximately 42.8 million people.

The next opening will be two stations, "Chkalovskaya" and "Botanicheskaya", which are expected to be in service in 2011. A third station, "Bazhovskaya", will be finished at a later date. After the opening of "Bazhovskaya", it is planned to begin the construction of the second line as the Blue Line.


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Old June 24th, 2010, 12:54 AM   #158
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Metro Stations of Yekaterinburg:

Photos taken from:
MyMetro Link

1) "Prospekt Kosmonavtov" ("Cosmonauts' Avenue"). Opened on April 27, 1991:

2) "Uralmash" *. Opened on April 27, 1991:
* Urals Machine-Building Plant

3) "Mashinostroiteley" ("Mechanical engineers' station"). Opened on April 27, 1991:

4) "Uralskaya" ("Ural station"). Opened on December 23, 1992:

5) "Dynamo" *. Opened on December 22, 1994:
* named for the nearby stadium

6) "Ploshchad 1905 goda" ("1905 Year's Square"). Opened on March 22, 1994:

7) "Geologicheskaya" ("Geological station"). Opened on December 30, 2002:


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Old June 24th, 2010, 01:18 AM   #159
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Few short videoclips from Yekaterinburg Metro:

"Geologicheskaya" - "Ploshchad 1905 goda"



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Old June 24th, 2010, 10:52 PM   #160
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Kazan Metro:

Kazan is a historic and cultural centre on the middle Volga. The first plans to have a rapid-transit system were proposed back in the days of the Russian Empire, but after the October Revolution and the Russian Civil War little was left for the design. Nevertheless, in the 1930s, Kazan, being the capital of the Tatar ASSR — one of the most visible autonomous republics and rapidly growing as an industrial centre—prompted some to propose a rapid transit system for the future, particularly after the successful construction of Moscow Metro in 1935.

However, World War II ended such attempts, and in the post-war USSR only the largest capitals of Union republics could afford a Metro system. Nevertheless, in 1979 the Kazan city's population passed the one million mark: a Soviet requirement for a Metro to be allowed. 1983 was the year when the Supreme Soviet of the Tatar ASSR authorised planning a metro system. The original design was to prove the final, as the City of Kazan effectively followed a typical Soviet model with a historical centre on the inflow of the Kazanka River into the Volga, and the various industrial and "bedroom" districts (housing complexes) on the edges. The first line would follow a north-south axis beginning in the Transit Railway Station in the north, passing through the post-war Stalinist buildings and then down south of the Kazanka, next to the Kazan Kremlin and through the historical centre to the microdistrict of Gorki.

The first geological surveillance began in 1984, and by 1989 the construction of the first stage was drawn up and submitted for final authorisation to begin construction. It was not to be. In 1991, the Soviet Union broke up and the economic, as well as political turmoil that rocked Tatarstan and Russia, caused the Kazan Metro project to be axed.

Luckily for Kazan, throughout the 1990s, the status of it being the most visible autonomous capital reinforced its position; enough for the Federal government to issue a review of the project in 1995 and authorising the construction. The most prominent deadline was the city's millennium anniversary in 2005. After securing financing and training, the first stone was laid on August 27, 1997 in a triumphal display eight years prior to beginning.

Monument, devoted to the beginning of the Kazan Metro' construction:

The first stage of six stations would feature deep level tunnels all built by tunnel boring machines and for the stations to be either sub-surface or elevated. Little of the original Soviet station plans was left in the architecture of the stations, with emphasis on traditional Tatar and Islamic motifs as well as modern high-tech designs. The first shield arrived in Kazan at the end of 1999 and was launched in May 2000.

Initially, the pace was slow and the financial problems were about to prevent the construction to be completed on time. In a desperate attempt, in late 2003 the Russian Ministry of Transport ordered metro brigades from Samara and Moscow to assist and the first stage was made one station shorter, leaving the difficult path under the Kazanka River to open at latter time. Another contribution was made by the Almaty Metro construction brigade from Kazakhstan. Thus, by the late 2004, a total of eight tunnel boring mechanisms were in operation. On the whole a total of thirteen individual tunnels had to be bored.

Despite a rocky start, Kazan Metro was triumphantly opened on August 27, 2005 by the President of Russia Vladimir Putin, President of Tatarstan Mintimer Shaymiyev, and the President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev, as well as the mayor of Kazan and the heads of all existing Russian Metros.

The extension to Prospekt Pobedy opened on December 29, 2008 as the first extension south of Gorki station in the second stage. In 2011 Metro will extend across the Kazanka River, with the opening of the "Kozya Sloboda" station.

At present, the Kazan Metro is a single-line system that stretches seven kilometres and has six stations. As the newest of all Russian systems, it is also the most modern of them. Smart-card ticketing and semi-automated train drive are features that at the time were just being introduced in selected Moscow stations, let alone in complete metro systems. It is operated by a municipality company MetroElektroTrans.

Like all Metros in Russia and the former USSR, the station design exceeds all parameters and each station has its own architectural theme. At present two stations are single-vault, and two are pillar-spans. In addition, there is one station that exists on a combined glazed flyover.

The metro runs from 6:00 to 23:00. The metro also sells "smart-tokens" valid for one day and "smart cards" (passes) which are valid for several trips or a specified length of time. There are discounted fares for pensioners, students, and children. Security is a major issue in the Kazan Metro, and is like all modern systems outfit with CCTV footage and each station has its own militsiya group for public order. Unlike major Metro systems in Russia, Kazan chose to maintain stricter rules; for example, amateur photography is prohibited.

Although Russian is the only language on the technical level, the passenger service is fully bilingual with all signs and information being presented in both Russian and Tatar.

The system uses the newest model 81-553.3/554.3 "Kazan" cars, produced by Saint Petersburg-based Vagonmash factory in cooperation with Skoda Dopravni Technika of Plzen, Czech Republic. These are the most modern models currently in service in Russia and the former Soviet Union and they are fully automated. As a result, they do not require an engineer or a driver on board, just a supervisor. A total of twenty-four cars are currently in operation with a capacity of 250 people each. The rolling stock is maintained and repaired out of the new "Daurskoye" depot.

Since its opening in 2005, the Kazan Metro immediately cut travel time for affected commuters by over an hour. Nonetheless, there have been several problems with the system, including tunnel flooding and financial setbacks. Moreover, a partnership with Samara Metro for construction has put KazMetroStroy, the daughter company that manages construction, in debt, and in payment of this debt one of the tunnel boring shields and its brigade is currently stationed in Samara to help complete a stretch there.

In Kazan itself, two extensions are being actively built. The southeastern one — "Prospekt Pobedy" — was finished in August 2008, and the first station north of the Kazanka River — "Kozya Sloboda" — is due to be completed in 2011. The real hope is that the line will reach the Transit Rail Terminal allowing the Metro to fully become the transport artery of the system. In the more distant future, based on the current growth of the city, there are plans that by the 2030s the system will have up to five lines including a ring one based on the existing "electrichka" railway line.


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метро, kazan, metro, novosibirsk, samara, st. petersburg, subway, transport

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