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Old January 17th, 2012, 11:33 PM   #1901
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Quote:
Originally Posted by AlekseyVT View Post
This is a station in the future perspective
It seems they've already started construction in what looks to be the middle of a parking lot for lorries.
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Old January 18th, 2012, 03:52 AM   #1902
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Woonsocket54 View Post
It seems they've already started construction in what looks to be the middle of a parking lot for lorries.
I mean that almost all Moscow Metro stations were built in living massives or near universities, industrial enterprises, transport hubs, etc. Unlike this, infrastructure will be built up around the "Lesoparkovaya" after its opening. May be, it will be large trade store (something like "Auchan") or car parking. But during first time after opening there will be low passenger traffic. Well, may be, it will be popular among residents of the Bitsevsky Park - squirrels, hares, hedgehogs and others

It's hard for me to understand - what necessary in this station at current moment? But the Butovskaya Line should be extended on 5 km. According to technical norms, they must to build emergency exit in the middle of this tunnel for the security of passengers. Probably they decided that it's better or cheaper to build intermediate station today than later to spent money for transformation of this emergency exit into Metro station in the middle of tunnel with regularly passing trains.

If you have other questions about Moscow Metro plans, it's better to continue discussion here.
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Old January 18th, 2012, 04:18 AM   #1903
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NIZHNY NOVGOROD METRO

2011 - THE MOST SIGNIFICANT EVENTS:

Last year, in Nizhny Novgorod Metro has been no any significant events except installation of the "OKSION" ("All-Russian comprehensive system of informing and alerting the public in crowded places") system at the station "Moskovskaya" ("Moscow"; opened on November 20, 1985), the only four-tracks Metro station in Russia. Installation of "OKSION" system was started in March 2011. Also, at some stations were installed metal detectors and machines for the sale of tokens.

Station "Moskovskaya" ("Moscow"):

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June 3, 2011:

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Old January 18th, 2012, 04:19 AM   #1904
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ON THE EVE OF CHANGES

Currently general condition of Nizhny Novgorod Metro is far to be optimal. Even according to opinion of local residents, architecture and decoration of Nizhny Novgorod Metro stations is the most boring among all Russian Metro systems. The passenger traffic is too low compared to the total length and number of stations in Nizhny Novgorod Metro. The rolling stock is too old, majority of trains were no renovated for many years. The escalators were installed only at the station "Moskovskaya", and they don't function for many years. Due to the savings of money, half of fixtures at the stations was switched off. As a result, the overall impression from the work of Nizhny Novgorod Metro is joyless.

However, the things must be greatly improved after the opening of long-awaited station "Gorkovskaya" in 2012. Why it must happens? Let's turn to the history.

BRIEF HISTORY OF NIZHNY NOVGOROD METRO:

Nizhny Novgorod (known in the Soviet times as Gorky) is a large city on the middle Volga. In the mid 1970s the population of the place exceeded a million thus meeting the Soviet requirements to develop a rapid-transit system. Construction began on December 17, 1977 and the network was opened to the public on November 20, 1985 becoming the third such system in Russia, and the tenth in the former Soviet Union.

Unlike other Soviet-time Metros, Nizhny Novgorod does not feature the traditional triangle layout of three line, six radii intersecting under city centre. This is because of the unusual layout of the city. Nizhny Novgorod is located on the right bank of the Volga River, and at the confluence of the Oka River.

Over the 20th century, the city developed in a polycentric manner. The historical city centre, including the Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin bears most of administrative, cultural and educational functions and is located on the high hilly right bank of the Oka, whilst the low flat left bank hosts city's most industries and some major residential districts grouped around the three centers - in Kanavino (where the city's central Rail Terminal and the largest urban transport hubs are located), Sormovo (with the largest industry being the "Krasnoye Sormovo", the one of Russia's most important machine-building plants) and Avtozavod (with GAZ automobile plant, one of the largest companies in the Russian automotive industry).

Faced with such a physical dislocation, the planners adopted a design that would feature two lines with four radii opened in a series of stages (and each stage in segments). The main hub of the system, the "Moskovskaya" ("Moscow") station, located next to Moscow Rail Terminal in Nizhny Novgorod, would feature a four track two island platform arrangement offering a cross-platform transfer. The first stage would be Avtozavodskaya Line, following south along the left bank of the Oka River, through residential and industrial zones of Leninsky District, the massive GAZ automobile plant and into the residential Avtozavodsky District. The second stage would be the Sormovskaya Line which would go from "Moskovskaya" west into the Sormovsky District. The third stage would feature a combined auto and Metro bridge across the Oka River taking the "Avtozavodskaya" into the city centre, and the fourth and final stage would be the Sormovskaya Line passing into the Meshcherskoye Ozero residential area north-west of the Moscow Rail Terminal, on the bank of the Volga River. All of this would be finished by the late 1990s and the system would be a total of 25 kilometres long with above 20 stations.

The order in which the stages was opened was influenced by the industry-centric flows of passengers of the Soviet period, and the depot placement issue. Cross-river traffic used not to be as intense as it is today. GAZ was not only the dominating employer of the Avtozavodsky District, but also consumed a lot of workforce from the Northern parts of the city. The only suitable plot for the train depot was found near the automobile plant, too.

Whilst the pace of Metro construction in the Soviet Union was impressive, it did not, and could not foresee the events that would happen when the Soviet Union collapsed and how the financial and social implications would make the Nizhny Novgorod Metro a system with a very difficult future. So, when the first stage was completed in 1989, construction began on the second one ...... and that was the state in which the Nizhny Novgorod Metro embraced the 1990s.

The collapse of the Soviet Union had devastating effects on the economy and people's lives. Aided with a hyperinflation, almost all funding of expansion of Metros, save Moscow and Saint Petersburg was cut. Those segments that did open in the early 1990s were mostly completed already and the bankrupt companies and workers struggled to finish them off. In late 1993 the first two-station segment of the Sormovskaya Line was opened in Nizhny Novgorod.

The Nizhny Novgorod Metro has an unusual operation. Formally it consists of two lines and 14 stations. However as "Moskovskaya" is a terminus for both of them, the trains arriving from one line continue into the other. Only two of the four tracks on "Moskovskaya" are in regular use, thus making sense to class it as a single station instead of two.

More than a decade and half later, little has changed for the Nizhny Novgorod Metro and it faced the grimmest fate of expansion. The biggest problem is that despite being the newest of its "new" Russian Metro rivals (new refers to Novosibirsk, Samara and Yekaterinburg) it has a passenger traffic that is one of the lowest - 27.0 million annual ridership in 2009. For comparison, the passenger traffic of the Novosibirsk Metro, which was opened at same period (January 1986 vs November 1985), have almost same length (16.0 vs 15.5 km) and same number of stations (13), is almost in 2.7 times more that this.

The root of this problem is not the layout but the Soviet priorities on stage openings, over the past decade, the new Russian population's social structure greatly changed. Many chose to abandon the factories and, particularly the younger generation, in favour of a career in commerce. For Nizhny Novgorod this had a great effect on the daily transport pattern, where the city centre became a nexus for the region's business. Many agree that it was a grave mistake not to link up the two banks of the Oka River prior to continuing the expansion into the residential districts.

Indeed at present the necessity of the Metro on the right bank is felt, as all the three bridges that connect the land transport routes are over congested. More disturbing is the fear that the first station on the right bank — "Gorkovskaya" would, if opened, not be able to deal with the massive passenger traffic, meaning that the right bank will have to open with several stations. For the other direction of the Metro — Sormovoskaya Line is also a mess. Neither the first segment of the line, nor its one extension to a surface station — "Burevestnik" ("Storm Petrel") actually reach Sormovo proper and ends amid an industrial zone. Many commuters thus choose not to use the Metro altogether as they would be forced to switch to land transport anyway.

Thus the only single transport artery that the Metro provides is the Avtozavodskaya Line, which apart from the terminus stations, is known for its very gloomy appearance due to the lighting being mostly off to cut electricity costs. Construction of Metro bridge began in 1992, but its pace has been very slow. The northern extension of the Sormovskaya Line began at the same time when the station pit was dug up for the future "Yarmarka" ("Fair") station, but since it has been disbanded and covered up.

2006, Nizhny Novgorod aerial view. Oka River divides the city into two parts:

Wikipedia
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Old January 18th, 2012, 04:20 AM   #1905
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FURTHER DEVELOPMENT - 2012:

If to sums up everything that was written above, it possible to shortly say that Nizhny Novgorod Metro is not popular among the residents due to following reasons:
1) Metro line did not pass through densely populated microdistricts of the Avtozavodsky District;
2) Metro line don't reach the centre of Sormovsky District;
3) The number of the workers (potential passengers) at the Nizhny Novgorod industrial enterprises greatly decreased after Soviet collapse;
4) There are many alternative routes of land transport, and people choose not to "descend under the ground" altogether as they would be forced to switch to land transport anyway.

But the most important reason of low popularity is a lack of Metro stations at the right bank of Oka River, where is located historical city centre, including the Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin. The opening of the station "Gorkovskaya" at the right bank will help to increase popularity of Metro and to decrease auto traffic at the bridges across Oka River. The time of trip from Moscow Rail Terminal to the historical centre will be only about 10 minutes! The station "Gorkovskaya" will be built near the beautiful Big Intercession street (the main pedestrian street of Nizhny Novgorod), just in few minutes walk from the Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin and Chkalov Stairway!! According to the official predictions, the passenger traffic in Nizhny Novgorod will be increased in two or more times!!! It will help to solve existing problems of Nizhny Novgorod Metro. After this, it will be possible to introduce system of contact-less cards (instead of tokens) for the Metro and other kinds of transport as well as to introduce single cards for the payment in all kinds of public transport.

For these reasons, after Soviet collapse, Metro extension to the right bank of Oka River is known as "building of century" among residents.


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Old January 18th, 2012, 04:21 AM   #1906
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NIZHNY NOVGOROD METRO BRIDGE:

The first project of the Metro bridge was drafted in 1987, together with project of the "Gorkovskaya" station. According to the original plans, Metro bridge should to be built without autoroad section on the upper tier.

The construction of the 1.3 km-long Metro bridge across the Oka River begun in 1992, but it was stopped in 1995 due to lack of funding. The works were resumed in 2000-2002 (according to the new project with autoroad section), but it was slowed again in 2003. Finally, construction was resumed in 2006. Its construction was completed on November 4 *, 2008. One year later, on November 4, 2009 was opened upper tier of the bridge for the autoroad movement. In 2010 was continued construction of the autoroads to the bridge. The second stage of these autoroads was put into operation on November 4, 2010. Currently there is going construction works at the Metro section of the bridge (lower tier). The Metro section of the bridge planned to put into operation on November 4, 2012 together with the "Gorkovskaya" station. The length of auto section is 1344 metres, the length of Metro section - 1234 meters.

* Day of People’s Unity was celebrated in the Russian Empire until 1917 and in Russia from 2005. Held on November 4 (October 22, Old Style), it commemorates the popular uprising which expelled the hordes of Polish-Lithuanian aggressors from Moscow in November 1612, and more generally the end of the Time of Troubles and foreign intervention into Russia in the Polish-Russian War of 1605–1618. Its name alludes to the idea that all the classes of Russian society willingly united to preserve Russian statehood when its demise seemed inevitable even though there was neither Tsar nor Patriarch to guide them. In 1613 Tsar Mikhail Romanov instituted a holiday named Day of Moscow’s Liberation from Polish Invaders. The holiday, held in October, was abandoned in 1917. November 4 is also the feast day for Our Lady of Kazan, the holy icon which the Russian Orthodox Church probably venerates most.

Day of People’s Unity considered as important holiday for Nizhny Novgorod, because Russian Voluntary Army, which kicked out Polish occupants from Moscow, was formed in this city in 1611 under leadership of local merchant Kuzma Minin.


November 4, 2009. The speech of Valery Shantsev, the Governor of Nizhny Novgorod Region:


Opening of the autoroad tier:


First transport on the bridge:




November 4, 2009:

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December 1, 2010:

Сергей Марков


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Old January 18th, 2012, 04:22 AM   #1907
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In December 2011 began glassing of the lower tier of Metro bridge.

January 9, 2012:

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Old January 18th, 2012, 04:23 AM   #1908
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"GORKOVSKAYA":

"Gorkovskaya" ("Maxim Gorky") is a future eastern terminus station on the Avtozavodskaya Line 1 of Nizhny Novgorod Metro. It will be a first station on the right bank of Oka River, near the Maxim Gorky Square at the intersection of Big Intercession street and Maxim Gorky street, in the Nizhegorodsky District. The station will be have two vestibules and four exits. In the one of two vestibules will be installed escalators. Therefore, "Gorkovkaya" will be second Nizhny Novgorod Metro station with installed escalators.

The distance between station "Moskovskaya" ("Moscow") and future station "Gorkovskaya" ("Maxim Gorky") will be 3.44 km, including 1.23 km section on the Metro bridge. "Gorkovskaya" will be shallow (depth - 17 meters) three-vaulted station of column type. The project works began in 1987, but realization was postponed for many years. Its construction begun on July 6, 2008, when Maxim Gorky street was closed for auto movement. On December 18, 2008 was begun construction of the right tunnel between Metro bridge and "Gorkovskaya" station, which was finished on September 17, 2009. On December 1, 2009 was begun construction of the left tunnel, which was finished on June 17, 2010. The station planned to be open on November 4, 2012, to the 400-anniversary of liberation of Moscow from the hordes of Polish-Lithuanian aggressors.

The architect of "Gorkovskaya" station is Pavel Presnyakov, artist - Pavel Mustafin. The station will be faced with granite. The main theme of decoration is the life and works of Maxim Gorky. The design will be based on the great Maxim Gorky's short poem - "The Song of the Stormy Petrel" (1901). The basis of the station's artistic image will be bird, who soar above the city. The track walls will be decorated with mosaic panels, depicting sights of Nizhniy Novgorod, the plots of the Maxim Gorky's works as well as images of the writer.

The station named for Maxim Gorky Square and Maxim Gorky street, which located nearby. The square and street were named after Maxim Gorky (1868-1936), who was a great Russian and Soviet author, a founder of the Socialist Realism literary method and a political activist. Gorky was born in Nizhny Novgorod and became an orphan at the age of nine. In 1880, at the age of twelve, he ran away from home in an effort to find his grandmother. Gorky was brought up by his grandmother. Her death deeply affected him, and after an attempt at suicide in December 1887, he travelled on foot across the Russian Empire for five years, changing jobs and accumulating impressions used later in his writing. Gorky's first book "Essays and Stories" in 1898 enjoyed a sensational success and his career as a writer began. Gorky wrote incessantly, viewing literature less as an aesthetic practice (though he worked hard on style and form) than as a moral and political act that could change the world. He described the lives of people in the lowest strata and on the margins of society, revealing their hardships, humiliations, and brutalization, but also their inward spark of humani.

Gorky’s reputation as a unique literary voice from the bottom strata of society and as a fervent advocate of Russia's social, political, and cultural transformation grew. In his writing, he counterposed individuals, aware of their natural dignity, and inspired by energy and will, with people who succumb to the degrading conditions of life around them. Gorky publicly opposed the Imperial regime and was arrested many times. Gorky befriended many revolutionaries and became Lenin's personal friend after they met in 1902. He exposed governmental control of the press. In 1902, Gorky was elected an honorary Academician of Literature, but Russian Emperor Nicholas II ordered this annulled. In protest, Anton Chekhov and Vladimir Korolenko left the Academy.

From 1906 to 1913, Gorky lived in Italy on the island of Capri, partly for health reasons and partly to escape the increasingly repressive atmosphere in Russia. An amnesty granted for the 300th anniversary of the Romanov Dynasty allowed Gorky to return to Russia in 1913, where he continued his social criticism, mentored other writers from the common people, and wrote a series of important cultural memoirs, including the first part of his autobiography. During WWI, his apartment in Petrograd (now St. Petersburg) was turned into a Bolshevik staff room, and his politics remained close to the Bolsheviks throughout the revolutionary period of 1917. These relations became strained, however, after his newspaper "New Life" fell prey to Bolshevik censorship during the ensuing Civil War, around which time Gorky published a collection of essays critical of the Bolsheviks called "Untimely Thoughts" in 1918. (It would not be re-published in Russia until after the collapse of the Soviet Union). The essays call Lenin a tyrant for his senseless arrests and repression of free discourse, and an anarchist for his conspiratorial tactics; Gorky compares Lenin to both the Emperor and Sergey Nechayev. In August 1921, Nikolay Gumilyov, his friend and fellow writer was arrested by the Petrograd Cheka for his monarchist views. Gorky hurried to Moscow, obtained an order to release Gumilyov from Lenin personally, but upon his return to Petrograd he found out that Gumilyov had already been shot. In October 1921, Gorky returned to Italy due to ideological differences with the Soviet power and on health grounds: he had tuberculosis.

According to Alexander Solzhenitsyn, Gorky's return to the Soviet Union was motivated by material needs. In Sorrento, Gorky found himself without money and without fame. He visited the USSR several times after 1929, and in 1932 Joseph Stalin personally invited him to return for good, an offer he accepted. Gorky's return from Fascist Italy was a major propaganda victory for the Soviets. He was decorated with the Order of Lenin and given a mansion (formerly belonging to the millionaire Ryabushinsky, now the Gorky Museum) in Moscow and a cottage in the suburbs. The major street in Moscow (Tver street) as well as streets in the many other Soviet cities were renamed in his honor. Since 1932 till 1990 the city of Nizhny Novgorod, where writer was born, was known as Gorky.

January 15, 2012:

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Old January 18th, 2012, 04:24 AM   #1909
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Maxim Gorky Square in Nizhny Novgorod. Monument to Maxim Gorky (1952, sculptor - Vera Mukhina):

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Old January 18th, 2012, 04:25 AM   #1910
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FURTHER DEVELOPMENT - 2013-2018:

AVTOZAVODSKAYA LINE

After the opening of "Gorkovskaya" station, the number of Nizhny Novgorod Metro station will be increased from 13 to 15. There will be a final separation of the two lines, and "Moskovskaya" will be a interchange station between Avtozavodskaya and Sormovskaya Lines. During first years after the opening of "Gorkovskaya" station, there will be only one station on the right bank of Oka River. As result, this station will be over-crowded. For the normal functioning, it necessary to have as minimum three stations on the right bank. For this reason, Avtozavodskaya Line planned to be extended on 3010 meters east with two new stations - "Operny Teatr" and "Sennaya Ploshchad". These stations planned to be completed within 5.5 years, to the FIFA World Cup 2018 in Nizhny Novgorod.

Planned extension of Avtozavodskaya Line:

Link

"OPERNY TEATR":

"Operny Teatr" ("Opera Theatre") is a future station on the Avtozavodskaya Line 1 of Nizhny Novgorod Metro. It will be located under the Belinsky street, near the Vaneyev street and Osharskaya street, in the Sovetsky District. The station will be have two vestibules.

"Operny Teatr" will be shallow two-vaulted station of column type. The station named for the nearby Nizhny Novgorod State Academical Opera and Ballet Theatre named after Alexander Pushkin. This theatre was founded in 1931. It's located in the building of Public House, which was built in 1903 on Maxim Gorky's and Fyodor Shalyapin's own initiative and was reconstructed in early 1930s for the theatre. The theatre was opened on July 1, 1935 as the Gorky Opera and Ballet Theatre. On February 10, 1937 it was named after great Russian writer Alexander Pushkin (to the centenary of his death), in 1994 it was granted title "Academical".

Nizhny Novgorod State Academical Opera and Ballet Theatre named after Alexander Pushkin:

Wikipedia

"Operny Teatr" station:

BlackShark

"SENNAYA PLOSHCHAD":

"Sennaya" or "Sennaya Ploshchad" ("Hay Square") is a future eastern terminus station on the Avtozavodskaya Line 1 of Nizhny Novgorod Metro. It will be located in 400 meters from the Hay Square, near the Big Pechersk street and Rodionov street, in the Nizhegorodsky District. The station will be have two vestibules.

"Sennaya Ploshchad" will be shallow single-vaulted station. The station named for the historical Hay Square, which located nearby. A long time ago at the place of this square was a large market, where hay traded. There are plans to open cableway and bus station near the future Metro station.

"Sennaya Ploshchad" station:

BlackShark


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Old January 18th, 2012, 04:27 AM   #1911
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SORMOVSKAYA LINE

At the same time, they plan to extend the Sormovskaya Line "Moskovskya" - "Burevestnik" (which will be formed after the opening of "Gorkovskaya" station) to the west, into the center of Sormovsky District. "Burevestnik" ("Storm Petrel") is the only Metro station, which was opened in Nizhny Novgorod within last 17 years, on September 9, 2002. It's only ground-level Metro station in the city. It was built on the place of former rail station "New Sormovo", which was eliminated in 1980s. Its opening was part of election campaign of Yury Lebedev, who was Mayor of Nizhny Novgorod since 1998. Nevertheless, despite of the opening of new Metro station, he lost elections of 2002 to Vadim Bulavinov.

According to current plans, Sormovskaya Line planned to extended on west with two new stations - "Varya" and "Sormovskaya" - and new Metro depot "Sormovskoye", which will be serve this line. This segment planned to be built on the site of existing railways. But the main problem is the question of ownership. These railways exploited to the JSC "RZhD" ("Russian Railways"), who did not want to give this land for the Metro construction. But, according to the latest rumors, agreement between Metropolitan and "Russian Railways" has been reached in the last days of 2011 (unconfirmed information).

Ground-level "Burevestnik" station:

Anakin


Anakin


Anakin

Planned extension of Sormovskaya Line:

Urbanrail

"VARYA":

"Varya" is a future station on the Sormovskaya Line 2 of Nizhny Novgorod Metro. It will be located near the Comintern street and Guardian of Revolution street, in the Sormovsky District.

"Varya" will be ground-level station. It will be built instead of existing rail station "Varya". According to the local legend, rail station was named after daughter of the landlord (Varya is a Russian hypocorism for the female name Varvara or Barbara), to whom were donated these lands.

Rail station "Varya":

Wikipedia

"SORMOVSKAYA":

"Sormovskaya" is a future western terminus station on the Sormovskaya Line 2 of Nizhny Novgorod Metro. It will be located near the Comintern street, in the centre of Sormovsky District. There will be built Metro depot "Sormovskoe" behind this station.

"Sormovskaya" will be ground-level station. This station was named for Sormovsky District, in which it will be located. Sormovsky District or Sormovo is one of the eight city districts of the city of Nizhny Novgorod. It occupies the northwestern corner of the city, adjacent to the Volga River. The village originally known as Soromovo had existed since 1542. In 1849, the "Sormovo Works" - soon one of Russia's most important machine-building plants, later known as "Krasnoye Sormovo" - was founded; its owner had the village renamed to more euphonic Sormovo. Although legally a village, it soon grew into a large workers' settlement; in 1922, Sormovo became a city; in 1929, it was amalgamated into the city of Nizhny Novgorod, becoming one of its districts. It's one of the city's industrial districts. Besides "Krasnoye Sormovo", its well-known enterprises include the "Volga Shipyard" (which was spun off from "Krasnoye Sormovo" in 1970, and is geographically adjacent to its parent plant) and the "Sormovo Confectionery Factory".

"Krasnoye Sormovo" Factory No. 112 named after Andrey Zhdanov was one of the oldest shipbuilding factories in the Soviet Union, located in the Sormovsky District of Nizhny Novgorod (the city was called Gorky in 1932–1990). The factory was established in 1849 by companies "Nizhny Novgorod Machine Factory" and "Volga Steam Navigation". It was originally called the "Nizhny Novgorod Machine Factory". In 1851, the factory began the construction of solid metal steamers. Three years later, it developed the production of screw schooners. In 1858, the "Nizhny Novgorod Machine Factory" produced the first Russian steam dredger. In 1870, the first Russian open hearth furnace was built at the factory, followed by a two-decked steamship "Perevorot" just a year later. In 1913, it produced a dry bulk cargo ship "Danilikha". The factory built 489 ships between 1849 and 1918. It also produced steam engines, carriages, steam locomotives, tramcars, bridges, diesel engines, cannons, pontoons, and projectiles.

Since 1898, one of the chief products of "Sormovo Works" were steam locomotives, although the plant continued building river paddle steamers for Volga service and, on a lesser scale, other industrial products. Lists of the factory's products from that period are preserved in magazines also found in collections both in Russia and elsewhere. "Sormovo Work" advertised in many industrial magazines, the last ads been printed as late as 1916. The factory had close connections with "Krauss Lokomotive Works" in Munich, Germany until the outbreak of the First World War in 1914. Krauss sold first 1524-mm gauge steam locomotive to "Sormovo Works" in 1884. The second locomotive followed in 1885, an 900-mm gauge to Sormovo's internal industrial railway. "Sormovo Works" built even its own public service railway branch connecting the factory to the Nizhny Novgorod station of the Moscow-Nizhny Novgorod Railway.

During 1898-1917, "Sormovo Works" built 2164 steam locomotives. During 1918-1935, another 1111 standard Russian 1524-mm gauge steam locomotives were built there. Then followed the two year period when Sormovo built 200 750-mm gauge steam locomotives, after which the factory switched to making submarine diesel motors. After the German-Soviet War of 1941-1945, the steam locomotive production resumed; this time on the production line was the fourth and last version of standard Soviet passenger type Su 2-6-2 (1C1-h2) steam locomotives. Overall, 411 steam locomotives were built in 1947-1951. The total steam locomotive production in 1898-1951 was 3886 steam locomotives.

During the Russian Civil War of 1918-1920, the "Nizhny Novgorod Machine Factory" built armored trains, armored carriages, and weapons for the vessels of the Volga Military Flotilla. In 1920, the factory remanufactured fourteen burnt-out French Renault FT tanks for the Red Army, the "Russkiy Renos", and assembled a single new copy, named 'Freedom Fighter Lenin'. In 1922, the factory changed its name by appending the adjective Krasnoye (Red) to it. During the German-Soviet War of 1941-1945, the "Krasnoye Sormovo" Factory produced T-34 medium tanks. The turret for the upgunned T-34-85 was designed here by Vyacheslav Kerichev in 1943.

After the war, the factory switched to sectional and large-block construction of ships, sea and river tankers, suction dredgers, and dredgers. The "Krasnoye Sormovo" Factory was one of the most progressive and innovative factories in the USSR. They built the first Soviet industrial device for continuous pouring of steel, developed an automated process of pouring and cutting slabs with the use of radioisotope technology, produced the first Soviet hydrofoils ("Raketa"), designed and built passenger diesel-electric ships "Lenin" and "Soviet Union" for the "Volga River Navigation" company, the first high-speed passenger hovercraft "Sormovich", a few diesel-electric railroad ferries for the Baku-Krasnovodsk route, and a unique 250-tonne double-hulled floating crane "Kyor-Ogly". The factory exists to this day and is now a part of the "United Machinebuilding Factories Corporation".

In the distance future, they also plan to built third Metro line on the right bank of Oka River. However, it will be built not earlier than in 2050:
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Old January 18th, 2012, 04:28 AM   #1912
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In general, it's possible to say that Metro construction in Nizhny Novgorod will continue after 2012. According to the Governor of Nizhny Novgorod Valery Shantsev, on Metro construction will be annually spent about 100 millions USD from the federal and regional budgets.

In addition, regional and city officials plan to launch new kinds of transport. In particular, they plan to open cableway between Nizhny Novgorod and industrial town Bor on the other bank of Volga River. This project was presented in 2007 by "Pomagalski S.A." ("Poma") company, France. The construction was started in 2009 and was finished in the end of last year. Nevertheless, currently it's still operate only in testing mode.




dim1


dim1


dim1


dim1


dim1

Also, city officials have plans to restore Kremlin Funicular, which operated in Nizhny Novgorod since 1896 till 1928. This funicular was built on the right bank of Oka River, between present-day People's Unity Square and Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin. Today there is no big necessary in funicular, because yet in 1924 was launched alternative tram route. However, it will be serve mostly as tourist attraction. New Kremlin funicular will not be exact copy of old one - there will be operate only one train instead of two as it was one century ago. This train will be built according to the old technical drawings.

Old photos of Kremlin Funicular:

Link


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Old January 18th, 2012, 04:30 AM   #1913
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It's interesting that if these plans will be realized, Nizhny Novgorod will become the only Russian city with all possible kinds of transportation

TRAM (since 1896)


TatroNik555


Сергей Филатов


Антон triangel


tsl946

FUNICULAR (in 1896-1928, since 201?)


Суханов М.
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Old January 18th, 2012, 04:31 AM   #1914
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BUS (since 1927)


Vovan4eg


Vovan4eg


Раритет


FunNikBus


FunNikBus
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Old January 18th, 2012, 04:31 AM   #1915
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CHILDREN'S RAILWAY (since 1939)


IAGSoft


IAGSoft


Павлов С.С.

TROLLEYBUS (since 1947)


BlackShark


BlackShark
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Last edited by AlekseyVT; June 15th, 2013 at 11:57 PM.
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Old January 18th, 2012, 04:32 AM   #1916
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METRO (since 1985)


Russos


Russos


Russos

MARSHRUTKA (since 1997)


Vovan4eg

CABLEWAY (since 2012?)


dim1
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Old January 18th, 2012, 04:33 AM   #1917
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And, of course, River Transport as it must to be in the most largest Volga city:
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Old January 20th, 2012, 11:01 AM   #1918
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nice diversity in Nizhniy. passnager volumes in metro will grow very much this year I guess
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Old January 22nd, 2012, 12:16 AM   #1919
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KAZAN METRO

2011 - THE MOST SIGNIFICANT EVENTS:

On December 30, 2010 was opened 7th station of the Kazan Metro - "Kozya Sloboda" ("Goat Settlement"). It became the first Metro station at the right bank of the Kazanka River.


Urbanrail


K-Lex


K-Lex


K-Lex


K-Lex


K-Lex
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Old January 22nd, 2012, 12:17 AM   #1920
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K-Lex


K-Lex


K-Lex


mihail-d


K-Lex

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