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Old October 14th, 2017, 01:48 AM   #1261
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Old October 14th, 2017, 01:55 AM   #1262
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Old November 24th, 2017, 10:05 PM   #1263
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Melbourne Ring Road

North East Link

The Victorian Government today confirmed the route for the long-overdue completion of the ring road.

The North East Link will begin on the Eastern Freeway at Springvale Road where the capacity of the Eastern will be doubled with six extra dedicated lanes to eliminate some of eastern Melbourne’s worst bottlenecks.

The expanded Eastern Freeway section will remain toll-free under the Andrews Labor Government.

Heading west, the mega-freeway will connect to a new six lane tunnel at Bulleen with local underground connections at Banksia St and Manningham Road.

The five kilometre-long tunnel will then travel deep beneath the Yarra River, protecting environmentally sensitive parkland and residential areas.

There will be a local connection at Lower Plenty Road, with the North East Link then running north alongside the existing Greensborough Highway, which will stay open for local traffic.

Travel times between Melbourne’s north and south will be cut by up to 30 minutes in each direction, with massive travel time savings for people traveling to Melbourne Airport from the south and east.

While the business case is yet to be finalised, early cost estimates of this massive project range up to $16.5 billion – the single biggest transport infrastructure investment in Victorian history.

Detailed design will now get underway and the business case, including finalising cost estimates, will be publicly released ahead of the Victorian Budget 2018/19.

Procurement and planning approval processes will also begin in 2018, ahead of a preferred builder being selected in 2019, and major construction starting in 2020.
Full press release: https://www.vic.gov.au/news/north-east-link-a.html

$ 16.5 billion That's 12.5 billion USD or € 10.5 billion for a 15 kilometre missing link.

What is wrong with Australian road building schemes? Everything is ultra expensive compared to the U.S., Canada, New Zealand, Western Europe, etc.
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Old November 25th, 2017, 05:48 AM   #1264
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They seem to also be building a busway in the Eastern Freeway median between Doncaster Road and Hoddle Street (freeway terminus). The median was originally reserved for a rail line, but looks like that idea has been scrapped..
Video on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/DanielAndre...4041023993761/

And yeah. $16.5 billion is crazy. Here's an interactive map of the project: http://northeastlink.vic.gov.au/project/map

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Old November 25th, 2017, 11:25 AM   #1265
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So they're going to build a new north-south alignment instead of following a 'natural' arc around the city. This will reduce the length of new alignment motorway. That explains why they're going to 12-lane the Eastern Freeway.



Still, $ 16.5 billion is absolutely outrageous for 10 kilometers of new motorway and 12 kilometers of expanded freeway. Even half that would be very expensive.
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Old November 25th, 2017, 12:32 PM   #1266
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When it became possible to Travel on fully paved roads between Darwin, Perth, Adelaide, Alice Springs and Cairns?
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Old November 25th, 2017, 02:36 PM   #1267
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Suburbanist View Post
When it became possible to Travel on fully paved roads between Darwin, Perth, Adelaide, Alice Springs and Cairns?
The last unpaved sections of the Eyre Highway were sealed in 1976, so that's probably when.
Back in the 70's through to the early 2000's some large stretches of these remote highways were wide dirt roads with a 4-5 metre wide sealed strip down the middle which have since been upgraded to proper 7-8 metre wide, marked roads.
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Old November 29th, 2017, 03:47 AM   #1268
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there were some old highways in the US like that from the 1920's / 1930's, so called "sidewalk highway"...
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Old December 7th, 2017, 12:49 PM   #1269
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State Opposition promise – removing 35 metropolitan intersections

A couple of weeks ago the Victorian State Opposition leader Matthew Guy pledged to remove 35 arterial road intersection across Melbourne and Geelong. Specific arterials roads are targeted including Bell Street, Fitzsimmons Lane, Springvale Road, Princes Hwy, Nepean Hwy and Geelong Road.

The marketing bang has been nowhere near as big as the level crossing removal promise four years ago, however I really like this policy. These roads are six lanes across or wider or have service lanes so there is room to rebuild them. Some locations appear to be demolishing a 1960s overpass in favour of a future underpass.

Many of the city’s major intersections involve more than just two roads crossing each other. They involve third and fourth roads converging near the same place so I hope that these roads are taken into account when redesigning intersections.

At some locations I would like to see double underpass, or one underpass one overpass, such as Princes Hwy East, Springvale Road, Police Road / Centre Road in a six way intersection. When both Princes Hwy & Springvale Roads are being targeted for removals.




Traffic lights would be removed from more than 50 congested road intersections with new underpasses created under a $5 billion pitch from Matthew Guy to voters concerned about congestion in Melbourne and Geelong.

Seizing on the popularity of level crossing removals, the Opposition is marking one year before the state election with the major infrastructure announcement, which would be partly funded by the sale of Snowy Hydro.
If elected, Mr Guy plans to create underpasses at dozens of major intersections to remove traffic lights. The policy would cost between $4.1 billion and $5.3 billion.

Census data shows 74 per cent of Melburnians drive to work every day.
Under the plan, 35 intersections would be removed with the preference for underpasses to be created rather than ugly road flyovers.
Mr Guy has pledged to consult with local communities, engineers and local government.

The 35 intersections are scattered throughout suburban Melbourne, with two also earmarked for removal in Geelong.

Twenty more sites would be identified if the Coalition wins government.
The Coalition estimates the project would create 5,000 jobs during construction.

"These will be freeway style, diamond interchanges," Mr Guy said.

"Despite the level crossing removal program's benefits to traffic along Melbourne's train lines, over one million people continue to sit in gridlocked traffic on other parts of the road network."

Mr Guy said reports showed the cost of congestion to the economy by the end of 2022 — after the next term of government — would be $7.24 billion.

The Opposition said the State Government would contribute up to $1.75 billion to the project with the same level of cash from the Commonwealth.

A further $1.8 billion would come from the sale of Victoria's share of the Snowy Hydro scheme.

The Turnbull Government has flagged interest in buying Victoria's slice.
'You can't build your way out of congestion

Transport planning expert John Stone from the University of Melbourne warned the plan would only create traffic chaos by increasing congestion.

"They're tapping into real concern but they know the evidence internationally, if they don't they should know — you can't build your way out of congestion," Dr Stone said.

"I think it's a very cynical way of exploiting people's very real anxieties about congestion, because what they're really doing is giving them more congestion by spending all this money, which is then not available for public transport, schools and hospitals."

He doubted the project could be delivered without buying up property, and said underpasses would create trenches outside homes and businesses.

Improved traffic flow 'good for business'

"Removing these suburban congestion hotspots will make our roads safer and keep traffic flowing, which means less time spent sitting in gridlock and more time at home with family and friends," Mr Guy said.

"It also means people like tradies, couriers and salespeople who use the roads to get between jobs will be able to do so more quickly. That's good for business and good for jobs."

Mr Guy said it would probably not be necessary to acquire properties or land because the "existing footprints" of the intersections could be used.

He said he was confident the underpasses would not reduce turning options.
"Some will have a right turn available to them, it depends on the engineering works put in place," he said.
"Most I expect would, it just depends on the engineering at the time."
He said the Coalition sought independent advice when drawing up the plan.
"We've had these costs independently assessed to ensure they are absolutely correct," Mr Guy said.

The Coalition is set to spend big on roads in its pitch to Victorians in 2018, with Mr Guy already committing to revive the East West Link as well as build the North East Link which Labor has already began preliminary work on.

The Andrews Government's level crossing removals have proven popular and its infrastructure agenda will also be a key part of its platform to retain office at next year's election.


Source: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-11-2...-issue/9166410

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Old December 7th, 2017, 01:12 PM   #1270
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Quote:
Originally Posted by ChrisZwolle View Post
So they're going to build a new north-south alignment instead of following a 'natural' arc around the city. This will reduce the length of new alignment motorway. That explains why they're going to 12-lane the Eastern Freeway.


Still, $ 16.5 billion is absolutely outrageous for 10 kilometers of new motorway and 12 kilometers of expanded freeway. Even half that would be very expensive.

Such a shame that it comes from a leader who said it wasn't worth the paper it's written on and flushed $1.2billion down the toilet to cancel a 6km tunnel contract that was costing about $6billion, all over an economic ratio....

Then to come out and announce that he would build the North East Link that involves a tunnel of similar length (mostly under parkland and wetland) that would initially cost $6billion, provide three unrealistic alternate options that would cost between $13b to $20b, to select the only option that is really available to him, then to blow up the cost to $16.5b which is now more than Option B.....
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Old December 15th, 2017, 01:18 PM   #1271
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Melbourne's West Gate Tunnel, cooked up by Labor with Transurban, deserves scrutiny

Source: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-12-1...surban/9251712


What does the deal involve?
• $6.7 billion project — Transurban to pay $4 billion, the state the rest
• Tolls on CityLink will be extended by a decade until 2045, with fees to rise 4.25 per cent annually from 2019 to 2029
• The new road will be tolled with an extra fee for cars and light commercial vehicles driving to the city in the morning peak hour, in a move that appears to discourage commuters from driving to work
• 6,000 new jobs in construction
• Work will begin in January and finish by 2022, at the end of the next term of government
• Compensation for Transurban for when the state builds other road projects has been scrapped
• If the toll extension is not agreed to by Parliament, which is a real possibility, the state will cover the shortfall



Victorians have a right to cast a critical eye over Premier Daniel Andrews' $6.7 billion West Gate Tunnel, which delivers a decade more of tolls for Transurban on the lucrative CityLink.

There is little doubt that Melbourne needs a second major road link to the western suburbs and beyond — the suburbs are booming and road freight needs an alternative to the West Gate bridge.

But it is a big political risk to be slugging road users an extra 10 years of increased tolls on CityLink to pay for it, boosting Transurban's bottom line.
How the State Government got to the point of signing a contract — dreamt up by Transurban not state planners — deserves scrutiny and makes Labor vulnerable to the accusation of sweetheart deals with private business.

Taxpayers now look likely to fork out billions more because the toll extension plan will be blocked in this Parliament.

Today, Greens leader Samantha Ratnam confirmed that the party would join with the Coalition to block the toll extension.

The Government is under no obligation to put the extension through before the election.

But it sets the battle lines for a campaign on toll-funded versus taxpayer-funded roads.


Far cry from Labor's election platform

The $6.7 billion contract signed this week is a far cry from Labor's 2014 election pitch.

At the most recent state poll Labor told voters it would build a $500 million West Gate Distributor, promising the shovel-ready project could be built quickly and take trucks off streets of the inner-west.

At the same time, it was railing against the Napthine Government's East West Link, arguing it was a waste of money and did not stack up — something critics of this new project argue.

It also argued the Coalition were not transparent about the project and that it had no mandate to sign contracts for East West. Sound familiar?

Labor ultimately dumped the project, costing taxpayers more than $1 billion, despite assurances it would not cost a cent.

Less than six months into its term of government, Labor received an "unsolicited" proposal from Transurban to build a much grander road project to the west to ease congestion.

At the cost of $5.5 billion the company was going to fund most of it through a proposal to extend tolls on CityLink.

Ever since that decision to follow through on the election pledge to tear up East West Link, Labor has needed a road project to fill the abyss created by scrapping the project.

Tackling congestion is a high priority for many voters, and Labor will be hoping the West Gate Tunnel, along with local measures like level crossing removals, will ease voter concerns.

It should be noted the long-term vision for the East West Link — once the section from Clifton Hill to Parkville (through politically sensitive inner-city seats) was built — was a second section to be built from the city to the western ring road.

Perhaps if the western section was built first in a less politically sensitive area and one of obvious need, Victorians wouldn't again be caught in a political fight over infrastructure.


The post-Northcote world

Since Labor's thumping in the Northcote byelection at the hands of the Greens, Labor has talked about getting back to "bread and butter" issues.
And since the November 18 smashing Premier Andrews has outlined more than $22 billion for road projects; the West Gate Tunnel and the North-East Link.

Labor's strategy for re-election has for some time relied on the "grid" of issues to focus on jobs, education, health and public transport.

But it will head into next year's poll with a swag of major road projects on its agenda, and with work underway on the West Gate Tunnel.
There is significant political risk with the Greens able to hone their anti-roads message in the inner city.

Some in Labor are worried the Government has looked rushed with projects like this and that it has over-corrected on roads.
The vast sums of money committed to roads deserve more scrutiny and it will come.

It also provides plenty of political fodder for the Opposition to talk about cost blow-outs.

And questions about what deals were made and when discussions were held with Transurban will come and should be highlighted.

The toll extension should be manna for the Coalition, and its commitment to blocking the extra time in Parliament carries a risk because taxpayers will be left footing the bill.

The challenge now is for the Coalition to actually pull off the political attacks on the issue.

Despite it being the state political issue of the day on Tuesday, the Opposition failed to ask a single question on the issue in Parliament.
This road and tunnel project will get built.

How much taxpayers and motorists are stung is up to politicians, and how much it costs each political party will be determined in less than 12 months time.
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Old December 15th, 2017, 01:32 PM   #1272
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Anyone think that Transurban are a really clever company? Pay out $4 billion in the short term to finance a new tunnel which they can then toll, in exchange for a ten year extension to the contract that could net them $15 billion in the long run.

Scrapping compensation for the construction of alternative roads, although a good thing in my eyes, is an opening for Transurban to get themselves involved in a future east west tunnel between Citylink and Eastern Freeway, the same tunnel scrapped a couple of years ago?
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Old December 15th, 2017, 01:39 PM   #1273
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Melbourne's West Gate Tunnel project cost blows out by $1.2b

Source: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-12-1...ws-out/9248994

West Gate Tunnel Project:
• New tunnels from West Gate Freeway under Yarraville
• Widening of West Gate Freeway from eight to 12 lanes
• 14km of new and upgraded cycling, walking paths
• New bridge over Maribyrnong River
• New elevated road along Footscray Rd
• Better access to ports, removing trucks from residential areas
• To be completed by 2022



Melbourne motorists will pay tolls for an extra 10 years on CityLink to help pay for the West Gate Tunnel Project, which has blown out to $6.7 billion.

The Victorian Government has signed the contract for the road linking the West Gate Freeway to CityLink, despite the State Opposition's threat to block the tolling deal with infrastructure giant Transurban in the Parliament.
Transurban will contribute $4 billion to the project, in exchange for motorists paying tolls on CityLink until 2045, under a deal the Opposition estimates will rake in $15 billion in revenue.

The toll road was initially estimated to cost $5.5 billion, but will cost $1.2 billion more because the twin tunnels under Yarraville are now twice as long as originally planned.

Premier Daniel Andrews said taxpayers would foot the bill for the whole project if the Liberals and the Greens carried out their threat to block a 10-year extension to Transurban's existing CityLink concession deed.

"This road will be paid for by motorists or it will be paid for by every single Victorian taxpayer," he said.

"Either way, work starts in a couple of weeks' time."


'Worst deal in living memory': Opposition

The state will contribute $2.6 billion to the second river crossing, but if the funding arrangement does not pass the Parliament, Transurban will receive taxpayer-funded "completion" and "substitution" payments.
"Completion/substitution payments cover project construction costs, financing costs and a return component commensurate with Transurban's investment metrics and the risk profile," the company said in a statement to the stock market.

Opposition leader Matthew Guy said the agreement was "possibly one of the worst contractual deals signed by a government in living memory".
"Daniel Andrews is Transurban's golden goose," he said.

Greens leader Samantha Ratnam said the Andrews Government had made an extraordinary decision to proceed with the project, generating huge profits for Transurban.

"It goes against everything they said they stood for when they went to the last election concerning the East West Link," she said.
Mr Andrews rejected suggestions the project had parallels with the Napthine Government's East West Link, which was dumped by Labor at a cost to taxpayers of more than $1 billion.

"The key difference is this project stacks up and the other one didn't, and we're not signing contracts five minutes before the election," he said.
"This project returns a dividend on every dollar we invest."

CityLink tolls will rise by an annual 4.25 per cent from 2019 to 2029 and then in line with inflation, with similar fees on the West Gate Tunnel.

Motorists driving into the city from the tunnel will be tolled at Footscray or Dynon Roads between 7:00am and 9:00am.

Transurban's chief executive Scott Charlton would not answer questions about the project today.

The company said the road would take 28,000 vehicles off the West Gate Bridge and 22,000 off the Bolte Bridge, and more than 9,000 trucks off local streets every day.

The project is due to be completed in 2022.
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Old December 15th, 2017, 02:21 PM   #1274
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Just following on my earlier post:

List of 35 Intersection Removals as proposed by the State Opposition for next year’s election. 20 more would be identified in the future.


NEPEAN HIGHWAY
• Warrigal Rd, Lower Dandenong Rd & Balcombe Rd, Mentone
• South Rd, Moorabbin
• North Rd, Gardenvale
• Glenhuntly Rd, Hotham St, New St, Elsternwick

BAYSIDE SUBURBS
• Braeside-Dandenong Rd, Governor Rd, Mordialloc
• South Road & Warrigal Road, Moorabbin
• Moorooduc Hwy & Cranbourne Road, Frankston (an extended underpass / overpass can eliminate two intersections and a railway line)

PRINCES HIGHWAY – DANDENONG
• Springvale Road, Centre Rd, Police Rd, Mulgrave (I hope this six way intersection is a double grade separation)
• North Road, Wellington Road, Monash University
• Warrigal Rd, Oakleigh

SPRINGVALE ROAD
• Princes Hwy, Centre Rd, Police Rd, Mulgrave
• Ferntree Gully Road, Glen Waverly
• Burwood Hwy, Vermont
• Maroondah Hwy, Nunawading

BELL STREET
• Banksia St, Lower Heidelberg Rd, Heidelberg
• Albert St, Preston
• St Georges Rd, Preston (I hope this would be an extended underpass to include High St and Plenty Rd on the other side of the railway line, and the level crossing removal itself)

NORTHERN SUBURBS
• Plenty Road, McDonalds Rd, George Rd, South Morang
• Sydney Road, Camp Rd, Mahoney's Rd, Campbellfield (adjacent to level crossing removal)
• Mickleham Rd, Broadmeadows Rd, Westmeadows

GEELONG ROAD & INNER WEST
• Buckley St, Sunshine Rd, Williamstown Rd, Geelong St, Gordon St (existing overpass removal), West Footscray
• Somerville Rd, Roberts St, Brooklyn
• Ballarat Road, Footscray

OUTER WESTERN SUBURBS
• Ballarat Road, McIntyre Rd, Anderson Rd, St Albans Rd, Sunshine (existing overpass removal)
• Princes Fwy West, Point Cook Rd, Laverton (project should also involve Central Ave and Railway Ave)

GEELONG
• Settlement Rd (Princes Hwy), Barwon Heads Rd, Belmont
• Settlement Rd, Surfcoast Hwy, Belmont

MANNINGHAM & THE NORTH EAST
• Fitzsimmons Lane, Main Rd, Lower Plenty
• Williamson Rd, Porter St, Templestowe
• Williamson Rd, Foote St, Templestowe

OTHER LOCATIONS
• Gap Road & Horne St, Sunbury
• Stud Road & Wellington Road, Rowville
• Heatherton Road & Hallam Road, Endeavour Hills
• Racecourse Road & Bald Hill Rd, Pakenham
• Westernport Hwy & Thompsons Road, Lyndhurst
• Westernport Hwy & Hall Rd, Cranbourne West
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Old December 15th, 2017, 02:34 PM   #1275
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Auditor-General report highlights risk of cost blowouts for Level Crossing Removal Program

Source: http://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/vic...c892207ed4389f


THE Andrews Government pledge to remove Melbourne’s “most dangerous and congested” railway level crossings has been exposed as a sham in a damning ¬report by the Victorian Auditor-General’s Office.

The report reveals that 29 of the 50 level crossings targeted in Labor’s 2014 key election promise were rated as low or no priority by VicRoads just a year earlier.

Another seven that VicRoads deemed as high or medium priority have been ignored.

The report found public servants failed to give “full and frank advice” on which sites to target, even after the Andrews Government was elected and pushed ahead with the project.

“As a result, the April 2017 approved business case does not include any analysis or rationale for why the 50 level crossings were selected as higher priority — or demonstrate that they were more dangerous and congested — than other level crossings,” the report states.

“The 50 selected level crossing sites include a number of sites that have not been identified as dangerous and congested,” it adds.

Opposition public transport spokesman David Davis said the Victoria Auditor-General’s Office (VAGO) had blown the whistle on the program.

“They (the government) were warned by the auditor that they needed a business case before they proceeded, but they proceeded nonetheless and now we see the consequences,” he said.

“These are not the most dangerous and congested level crossings. We have seen (Premier) Daniel Andrews’ wall-to-wall advertising claiming ‘the most dangerous and congested’.

“The auditor blows the whistle on that claim and Dan Andrews should stop his ads today because they are wrong.

“There are other crossings that are more dangerous he has left off. He spent millions on an advertising campaign that was a pack of lies.”

Mr Andrews boasted about the policy within weeks of his 2014 election. “My team will get straight to work fixing schools, ending the ambulance crisis, creating jobs, saving TAFE and removing the 50 most dangerous and congested level crossings,” he said.

Public Transport Minister Jacinta Allan yesterday downplayed suggestions that “postcode politics” had decided which crossings would go.

She said the government had committed to the 50 locations while in opposition, ¬before it had seen VicRoads’ priority list.

“We worked on information publicly available to us at the time, that included the RACV’s list of 30 dangerous and congested level crossings,” Ms Allan said. “The level crossings that we committed to in opposition are those that we are delivering in government.”

A crossing on Union Road in Surrey Hills is among four identified as high priority by VicRoads but not earmarked for removal.

Ranked as Australia’s 13th most dangerous crossing in a 2008 report, it was the scene of a horror collision last year in which two elderly women died.

By contrast, questions were yesterday asked about a contract signed to remove a level crossing in Werribee no longer used by passenger trains. Just four freight trains use it daily.

The Auditor-General’s report also revealed the project’s budget had blown out from $5-6 billion to $8.3 billion.

It warned that the bill could continue to rise as the government fast-tracked the work: “This pace presents risks to achieving value for money.”
Treasurer Tim Pallas said: “This is, in many ways, an illustration of why governments should probably never talk about the cost of a project until they sign the contracts.”



By the way the benefit cost ratio (BCR) for the level crossing removals is 0.78
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Old December 15th, 2017, 03:35 PM   #1276
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Just seems ridiculous to cancel the one and then propose the second stage of what was essentially the same project (EWL).
I do prefer the Western Distrubutor as now proposed to the original western section proposal, but it baffles me as to why A$1.2 was thrown away cancelling what is in essence part the same project.
Too much politics!
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Old December 15th, 2017, 04:03 PM   #1277
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Quote:
Originally Posted by essendon bombers View Post
• Tolls on CityLink will be extended by a decade until 2045, with fees to rise 4.25 per cent annually from 2019 to 2029
So in a decade, the tolls go up 52%. (100*1.0425^10). I don't know the Australian inflation figures, but it seems high to me.

There does seem to be a large amount of politics involved in Australian roadbuilding. While this happens in most other countries as well, the level of politics seems excessive. Pushing through contracts, canceling contracts, changing the design at the last moment, etc. This means billions are wasted.

I'm also baffled by some of the language that Australian road agencies use in their press releases. It's so political, in Europe and most of the U.S. & Canada, it is generally much more neutral.
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Old December 16th, 2017, 08:16 PM   #1278
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it's because a lot of their highways are in extremely urban areas - often heading right into downtowns. Most American and Canadian agencies don't even bother attempting to build highways like that, and when they do, they are equally political. The low impact highways (rural ones) seem to be generally non political, just like in the Americas.
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Old December 16th, 2017, 08:57 PM   #1279
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I was more thinking along the lines of 'we are reversing the previous government failed plans' or 'to relieve the people of previous government terrible decisions'. Those are lines that belong in a politician's speech, not a press release from an department or agency.
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Old December 17th, 2017, 12:17 PM   #1280
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Australian inflation rates work on a 2 to 3% band. When the inflation starts to head outside this band the Reserve Bank moves on interest rates.

Yes, Australian media release are becoming too political and less interesting to read however they usually come from the minister, not the department or the agency.

Insertnamehere is correct that generally rural and outer metropolitan freeways do not generate controversy as opposed to inner suburban freeways, or ones through environmentally sensitive areas, that says more about the demography rather than anything else. A direct orbital North East Link that runs through Eltham is an example of outer metropolitan route through sensitive environment (the so called ‘green wedge’) that is why the project was put off for 10-15 years after the completion of the northern ring road and Eastlink. The Perth Freight Link was cancelled because it cut through a park.

The problem with Australia is that our politicians get a bee in their bonnet over specific issues. In Vic road building it was the near religious opposition by the left to the East West Link (Eastern Fwy shall not be connected to the Citylink) and chest thumping about the BCR to prove their point. In water politics it is the refusal to build dams during the drought of the last decade, only for it to rain almost non stop for eighteen months during 2010/11. Instead we built the southern hemisphere’s largest desal plant when we didn’t need to and now we don’t use any water from it (apparently there was a water order this year but it was tokenistic). In energy politics it is about coal powered power stations and how we must close them all to meet our Paris agreement. We have a bee in our bonnet about nuclear power plants so we never built them never will, leaving us without baseload power for a growing population. Now, the future risk is we will total blackouts at peak demand (ie. The hottest summer days when we desperately need air conditioners) plus rising power prices.
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