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Old September 9th, 2015, 05:37 PM   #6661
PhiK
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Quote:
Originally Posted by mman2012 View Post
Maritsa motorway (A4), lot 1 (Chirpan-Dimitrovgrad) was supposed to be opened this fall, right? From the pictures above it does not look that's going to be the case....
Well everyone said that about Lot 4 of Struma Motorway (Sandanski - Kulata) too but they managed to open it on the 1st of August (without some uncompleted additional works like lightning and road surface marking - its "official" opening will be tomorrow.)

So its possible that lot 1 of Maritsa (under construction by the same company) will have big progress and will suprise us all : )
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Old September 10th, 2015, 10:54 AM   #6662
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Yup, confirmed by novinite (http://www.novinite.com/articles/170...C+Greek+Border).

Lot 3 is yet to be financed, correct? Is the mega-tunnel still in discussion?
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Old September 10th, 2015, 12:23 PM   #6663
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What was Lot 3 is now 3 Lots.

Of around 20km each. The EU will largely pay for all 3 lots I believe
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Old September 10th, 2015, 03:46 PM   #6664
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Originally Posted by mman2012 View Post
Yup, confirmed by novinite (http://www.novinite.com/articles/170...C+Greek+Border).

Lot 3 is yet to be financed, correct? Is the mega-tunnel still in discussion?
The Government has selected a company to find and desing a substitution for the mega-tunnel. They clearly don't wanna pay between 600 and 800 mln EUR for 20 highway km (around 8 times more than the usual price of highways built in the open in Bulgaria)
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Old September 10th, 2015, 04:24 PM   #6665
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The 'substitute' design may be a test to see if it acceptable to the EU ...an Expressway through the Gorge with very few tunnels. I doubt it will be.

The Kresna Gorge is not only heavily protected for ecology and landscape but the localised area around Kresna is also one the most dangerous seismic fault zone in the Balkans...along with Skopje not far away.

The roads (the 'substitute' expressway or the tunnel) must be designed to substantially survive an 8.0 earthquake. Maybe the substitute expressway will be an even longer tunnel than the motorway tunnel.

It is probably the worst place in Europe where you 'have' to build a 20km road, even a 20km Baltic tunnel to Denmark from Germany would be cheaper as the area is not seismically active. BUT the EU will pay for most of it, at least 85% of the cost...and not Bulgaria.
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Old September 11th, 2015, 03:58 PM   #6666
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BUT the EU will pay for most of it, at least 85% of the cost...and not Bulgaria.
But that's essentialy the only road infrastructure project the EU will finance during 2014-2020 period. And we have a lot of highway projects pending for funding in order to catch up with the rest of Eruope infrastructure-wise (Sofia-Kalotina - highway to Serbia, Sofia - Vidin, Sofia- Rousse, Varna-Rousse (both towards Romania).

Sofia - Varna is apparently goint to be built with loans/budget funds
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Old September 11th, 2015, 04:23 PM   #6667
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Quote:
Originally Posted by sponge_bob View Post
BUT the EU will pay for most of it, at least 85% of the cost...and not Bulgaria.
EU pays max 85% of the cost. So word at least is not the right one
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Old September 11th, 2015, 05:48 PM   #6668
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At most 85% then. Yes. It was 100% before.
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Old September 12th, 2015, 12:49 AM   #6669
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Lot 2 (Dupnitsa-Blagoevgrad) of Struma motorway (A3). Pics by Me4ok


































































































































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Old September 12th, 2015, 02:11 PM   #6670
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Final touches on the section of Struma motorway, between Sandanski and Greek border near Kulata, thanks to testche4
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Originally Posted by testche4 View Post
И да видим днес какво се случва по трасето на Лот 4:

Временната връзка с Е-79:


Пътна връзка Дамяница:


Ще има и табела Петрич/Мелник 1000м, :


На ССН на 425.920 също ще има мрежи?


1000м до ПВ Генерал Тодоров:


500м до ПВ Генерал Тодоров:


1000м до ПВ Марикостиново север:


След кратко затишие е извадена тежката механизация
Quote:
Originally Posted by testche4 View Post
Отливат се отводнителни канали?






Вероятно 1000 метра преди ПВ Генерал Тодоров от Кулата:


Отливат се отводнителни канали при слизането от Лот 4 на ПВ Марикостиново север:




Работи се по мрежа на надлеза за Петрич при ПВ Марикостиново юг:


500м до слизането от Лот 4 при ПВ Марикостиново юг:


Пак да кажа:
Според мен на слизането от Лот 4 при ПВ Марикостиново север, трябва да са същите надписи!!!

Златарево
Гоце Делчев


А с.Марикостиново - само на синя табела непосредствено до отклонението!!!
Какво е това с. Марино поле - просто нямам думи!!!
As many of the signs are placed, man can not see anywhere, that is heading to Greece (Thessaloniki) or something.
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Old September 12th, 2015, 02:26 PM   #6671
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And an article about the options for the Kresna gorge of Struma motorway. Nothing decisive for now.
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Originally Posted by kraxx View Post

No light for a tunnel

Instead of 15 km tunnel for about 1 billion euro, "Struma" motorway will cross the gorge through two separate lanes and a series of bridges and viaducts



========viaduct ========tunnel ---------------new layout -----------------long tunnel

After 13 years the drama with the passage of highway "Struma" in gorge approaching its denouement - a 15-kilometer tunnel to nearly 1 billion. Euros will be built. Instead, it will implement a project with two separate lanes, one of which follows the existing road and gorge and the river crossing through a series of 50 bridges, viaducts and tunnels. This will not only reduce the technical risk in the construction of such a long tunnel, but also seriously reduce the cost of highway.

The refusal of expensive and complicated equipment is not a big surprise given that in the spring of this year the National Company "Strategic Infrastructure" (NKSI) announced an order for a new project on track. Subsequently, the Minister of Regional Development Lilyana Pavlova said at the conference that studies have shown "that such a facility is not suitable neither technically nor ecological or financial point of view."

Certainly from a financial point of failure is logical. Long tunnel would cost over 800 mln. Euros, while the alternative option that is currently unavailable - 250 mln. Euros. Bulgaria has undertaken to build a highway by 2020 (it is part of the trans-European transport corridor IV and is an important project for the European Commission), but the program for the transport axis for roads has 670 mln. Euros. And all the funds to be invested in the construction of the tunnel - and this is rather impossible, the money will not come again. Construction of the complex facility in visokoseizmichen area with a network of deep faults can not take five, six or seven years, and no wonder 10.

Besides commitment to deadlines and reasonable outlay, the country has another commitment - to comply with European and Bulgarian environmental legislation. Kresna Gorge is a unique natural formation, combining Mediterranean and continental climate. The diversity of plant and animal species, including the highest level of protection is one of the richest in the country. The gorge is a corridor for migration of large mammals between the mountains of the Balkan Peninsula and is part of one of the major flyways for birds flying from Europe to Africa. The place is protected by the Protected Areas Act, the Biodiversity Act, European directives and the Bern Convention on the conservation of wild flora and fauna. Already in 2002, experts of the Convention recommended the existing international road to "lower" to local traffic and be put out of the gorge (the opposite of options with the extension of the road). Over 10 motorway project are rejected because of their negative impact on the ecosystem in the gorge and in the period 2007 - 2008 leads to the most environmentally friendly solution - a tunnel that is only supported by very active discussion along environmental organizations. The construction of the facility was enshrined in the context of the European Commission to approve funding for the remaining three and almost finished cut of "Struma". With this background it may be that the statements refusing tunnel slightly premature.

New circumstances

In 2007, in the context of the assessment of the environmental impact assessment (EIA) on the highway over 10 options were rejected as unacceptable from an environmental standpoint, told "Capital" Assen Antonov, executive director of the National Company "Strategic Infrastructure". The company was established in 2011 to take over the construction of highways "Struma", "Hemus" and "Black Sea". Selected an option with a tunnel passing, but on a "scarce data available," said Antonov.

In 2013 he started the actual design of Lot 3 Blagoevgrad - Sandanski, divided into three subdivisions, one of which is problematic Krupnik - Kresna. The next year already there is clarity about the effects of the construction and maintenance of the tunnel and they are not at all encouraging. "In preparation, numerous problems, mainly related to geological risks of the operation of the 15.5 km tunnel, the extremely high costs of operation and maintenance, the fact that the road in the gorge remains an option and risk a large part of the movement to continue to use it. Not least, it turned out that the project for the entire highway "Struma" (with lots 1, 2 and 4) would be economically inefficient in building a long tunnel (because of new rules for measuring costs and benefits), ie . The project would not be beneficial to society and would therefore not be able to obtain financing, "said Antonov.

Among the main problems is what will be done with the excavated rock - how will be transported and where it will be disposed. According to estimates the company expected volume will be 5.9 million cubic meters of earth. Its carrying heavy construction equipment will hardly be beneficial habitats. The forecast is for a 25% increase in heavy traffic during the construction period. Another technological and environmental problem is the drainage of water from the tunnel. Calculations show that water drainage will be around 11,000 m3 per day. Besides this is purely technological and environmental problem because it can lead to drying of the reserve "Tisata" on the surface. Problem would and at the confluence of waters in the Struma River. Wrote in the job to the new project.

One of the biggest dangers is however seismology. "This is a very seismically sensitive area. In 1908 there was registered the strongest earthquake in Europe - Kresna, with a magnitude of 7.8 on the Richter scale," says Professor. Dobrin Denev, he led the team that prepared a preliminary report on the EIA of highway "Struma "in 2001 and the EIA report in February 2007. After the recent geological surveys and investigations proved that the network of parallel and cross the river bed faults is much more favorable than expected. When a new earthquake that generates a lot of great danger. Prof. Denev quoted terrorism experts who have identified the tunnel as "dangerous" in malicious activities. After the earthquake and uplift in volcanic rock was discovered elevated concentrations of radioactive elements radon, but for now it is not certain whether this represents a risk when passing through the tunnel.

For the price of a gorge

The new version of the track before the gap is expected to be about 250 mln. Euros with construction supervision, alienation and so on. "The investment value of options with long tunnel would be of the order of at least 812 mln. Euros," says Eng. Anton and the He adds: "We could not even theoretically afford the construction of the tunnel option. Tunnel with a length of 15.5 kilometers will need constant ventilation and costly maintenance, which estimates the infrastructure company will be around 12 million. lev year." Against of the total funds, which are given annually for the maintenance of the entire national road network, this is a colossal sum which would not be covered under the current system for the toll, "said chief NKSIP." Problems with the long tunnel are such that is amazing he ever be built, "it continues.

The argument of cost and other technical problems, according to environmentalists are part of a deliberate campaign against the tunnel from local construction companies, which lack the capacity and can not win a tender for the construction of such a facility on top will swallow the whole financial resource roads. Environmentalists believe that members of political parties and the government who want to shine with as many transport projects are also against the tunnel. These warnings were made in a letter to the European Commission by the end of 2014, signed by Petko Kovachev, executive director of the Green Policy Institute. In it, it asks whether the European Commission approves the selected alternative in 2007, a tunnel that would allow public money to be used for serving corporate interests and political games. Still no answer. Expert, worked on the highway project and requested anonymity, said that, on the one hand, of course, arguing the high price, but on the other, thinking how to pay the state a failing bank.

"This highway does not exist without the tunnel; it is not a transport project, and mandatory environmental measure in assessing compatibility with the network" Natura "said Andrey Kovachev from the Wildlife Society" Balkans "." This is the condition for the realization of the whole project Bulgaria can be simple with the full amount of the highway. This smaller financial problem is it, "asks Kovachev." An option under consideration currently also does not differ much from already rejected and some of their similarities, ie re-evaluate what has already been assessed and rejected " said the environmentalist. He said the case will be referred to the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg.

Yet there are alternatives

"In our country there are many people who care about the environment, so it is normal for the project to be the focus of attention. Initially it was thought that the construction of variants with long tunnel will avoid environmental problems in the gorge, but it proved Unrealistic expectations and I think the majority of people involved in the project, realize that ultimately the tunnel is not an acceptable solution, "said Assen Antonov.

And complaints are normal, said in turn Minister of EU funds Tomislav Donchev. No project above a certain value, which has not sent a complaint to Brussels from a non-governmental organization, usually with environmental motives, but not only; this is a normal feature of an active civil society, Donchev said. He explained that the talks on the subject with the European Commission are held since the end of 2014. "We shared with them some of their concerns and it can be said that" speculation "together. However, how will the European Commission to support a project that is is compromised environmentally and in terms of security, "said Minister for EU funds.

"It is normal to seek alternatives. Including those who give money," said prof. Dobrin Denev, which is a road engineer and traveled every centimeter of the gorge. According to him, there is an alternative to the tunnel and two independent lanes him sound like a logical solution, although no one was looking for opinions and does not know the new project. "The tunnel was chosen time as the friendly nature, then there was a lot of pressure from environmental organizations. The gorge is a unique place and no two opinions that must be stored. But then some things we had known," said Prof. Denev. In any event, the decision to shift the motorway through the Kresna Gorge have to undergo broad discussion of all sides and to achieve consensus, added the professor.

Challenges to new project

Formal approval of alternative tunnel option can come only after passing environmental assessment and submit the application form to the Commission. "We can not submit an application form, which does not comply with the law. It necessarily passes through the JASPERS, a unit of the European Commission, so that even then will we know whether the project can be executed or not," explained Minister Donchev.

Eng. Antonov stated that in the preparation of project experience gained with the highway and are considered the unique nature of the area. "The new version is designed without emergency lanes and a design speed of 80 km / h. We've looked and options for moving beyond the gorge, but they are extremely poor technical and economic parameters and therefore are unrealistic," said Antonov. Concerns that traffic to Greece will be reallocated in Gotse Delchev, chief NKSIP answers that will first build a new lane, traffic will be redirected through it, and then build a sail that follows the existing road. Of course, the movement can be interrupted briefly, but not for the entire period of construction. If the alternative option received a positive environmental assessment, the choice of builder will start in the first half of 2016 and implementation will take no more than four years, calculated from the infrastructure company.
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Old September 12th, 2015, 03:51 PM   #6672
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What is the deadline for the Dupnitsa-Blagoevgrad segment?
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Old September 12th, 2015, 04:40 PM   #6673
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End of October. Basically, the government has to finish all EU funded projects by the end of October. For Sofia Northern Bypass that's clearly not possible, as the project started in Feb, but I'm eager to see how much of the other projects will be completed. Also, we have municipal elections in October and completing a motorway is a strong incentive.
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Old September 13th, 2015, 03:13 AM   #6674
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Quote:
Originally Posted by gogo3o View Post
End of October. Basically, the government has to finish all EU funded projects by the end of October. For Sofia Northern Bypass that's clearly not possible, as the project started in Feb, but I'm eager to see how much of the other projects will be completed. Also, we have municipal elections in October and completing a motorway is a strong incentive.
Oh, I see.....however, finishing that segment within the deadline seems completely out of mind, it needs much more work.....as far as the NST is concerned, I think the same....what do you think?
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Old September 13th, 2015, 03:40 AM   #6675
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Bulgaria has 100% EU funding to draw down if they do open them by end 2015...even if unfinished.
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Old September 13th, 2015, 10:15 AM   #6676
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What does it mean, they just have to transfer the money from EU by the end of 2015? Or do they have to transfer the money to the constructor by the end of 2015?

What exactly must be fulfilled till 31st December 2015 to get EU funding?

btw: Are we talking about Cohesion Fund or ERDF (European Regional Development Fund)?
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Which new motorways are currently under construction?
Which new motorways will be opened next?

See 'New motorway projects' thread

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Old September 13th, 2015, 11:55 AM   #6677
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The EU allowed the 2007-2013 EU funded projects to drag on to end 2015 and still qualify for full funding. I believe the test is that there is a road and it is more or less open in October - December 2015. It may not have barriers, lights and some markings but it must be generally in service. The test is physical completion.

The EU has made a lot of promises of cash....a lot more than its budget can cover. It needs to get rid of some of these. The end 2015 cutoff is a large part of that...the end 2015 cutoff was primarily introduced for Greece who had a crisis over most of the 2007-2013 funding window.

It affects all of Cohesion/ERDF/Transport funds known together as structural funds. The EU badly needs to 'lose' a lot of these old commitments.

http://www.euractiv.com/sections/eu-...get-gap-310310

Quote:
One of the issues highlighted in the report is that in the period 2014-2020, member states will be required to contribute 1.234 billion to cover disbursements of commitments. This amount consists of €908 billion agreed for 2014-2020 in payments, and an additional €326 billion, being disbursements committed under at least two previous budgeting periods.
Now the EU always overcommitted as all states did not complete projects and could not draw down or "absorb" promised funds. But €326bn is two years EU budget. They need to lose some of these old commitments and they fully intend to.

You may read the full ECA report here

http://www.eca.europa.eu/Lists/ECADo...0614039ENN.pdf


HTH

Last edited by sponge_bob; September 13th, 2015 at 12:04 PM.
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Old September 13th, 2015, 12:08 PM   #6678
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By the end of October all the construction works must be completed and paid, and the time till the end of the year remains for submitting the documentation for reimbursement of the money. Or that is what I understand.
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Old September 13th, 2015, 12:29 PM   #6679
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That sounds correct yes. The EU then has to demand extra cash from its members in November to cover the budget shortfall in 2016 as 2007-2013 projects come up for payment. Remember what happened last year??

http://www.independent.ie/business/w...-30726000.html

The EU does not want to go back to anybody in November 2016 looking for extra cash to cover 2007-2013 projects. The UK has a referendum in 2017 on EU membership. The last time they will do this is in November 2015.

There will of course be a row but the funds to pay Bulgaria will be found...one last time.

The EU commitment of funds for the Kresna Megaproject is around €680m but MOST of this is to be paid to Bulgaria AFTER 2020. Only perhaps €250m is to be disbursed by the EU between 2018-2020 and none before 2018. The final payment from the EU for Kresna is due as late as 2023/4.
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Old September 17th, 2015, 07:03 PM   #6680
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What are all the new gantry cameras for? I see a lot of them being erected on the Veliko Tarnovo - Ruse road.
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