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Old December 23rd, 2016, 09:25 PM   #3521
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They built a solar panel road in a village in Normandy:



It's called the first in the world. The Netherlands inaugurated a stretch of solar panel bike path in 2014. It was reported to be quite bumpy.
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Old December 24th, 2016, 12:10 PM   #3522
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What a waste.

Normandy is nowhere near sunny enough for solar panels to not be optimised (ie angled to better catch the sun, not having obstacles in the way). Optical-grade silicon is a high demand, not great supply product, and this Solar Roadway has used a load of it (pushing up prices and stopping it being used to its potential) and will struggle to make any lifetime energy net gains - a lot of energy goes into making photovoltaics and on top of reducing efficency, they reduce the lifetime by driving over them.
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Old December 24th, 2016, 12:19 PM   #3523
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They built a solar bike path in the Netherlands that generated electricity at a cost of 21,000 times the market price. They call it 'innovation'.


http://arstechnica.co.uk/cars/2016/1...ens-in-france/

Back in 2014, a 70-metre solar bicycle path was built in the suburbs of Amsterdam in the Netherlands, at the utterly insane cost of €3 million. In its first year it produced about 3,000 kilowatt-hours (kWh) of electricity—enough to power an average home. At the current wholesale price in the UK (about £40 per megawatt-hour), that same €3 million would've bought you about 65,000,000 kilowatt-hours of electricity, enough to power about 21,000 homes for a year.
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Old December 24th, 2016, 12:32 PM   #3524
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There's a big problem with northern Europe using no common sense and treating solar panels like magic beans and deploying them wherever seems cool and gimmicky, rather than wherever would generate the most energy (even if you ignore that the UK, Netherlands, Northern France, etc are places that get little solar energy compared to elsewhere in the world).
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Old December 24th, 2016, 02:22 PM   #3525
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why would solar panel be built into road surface at all? it's not like ther's no space around the road for it.
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Old December 24th, 2016, 02:40 PM   #3526
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it would be better to have it as a roof for bike paths, to have it on the floor is beyond retarded
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Old December 24th, 2016, 02:41 PM   #3527
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It's a gadget. If you want to believe all those hypes concerning roads... It has to has catenary electricity for trucks. Or induction for electric cars. Or solar panels. Or self-healing asphalt. Or durable pavement. And of course it also needs to meet standards for grip / friction and durability. But most importantly; cost-efficiency.
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Old December 24th, 2016, 09:16 PM   #3528
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It can have it all, including cost efficiency


And if you believe that, I've sold monorails to Brockway, Ogdenville, and North Haverbrook, and by gum I've put them on the map!
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Old December 25th, 2016, 09:29 AM   #3529
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Why is this thread a sticky now?
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Which new motorways are currently under construction?
Which new motorways will be opened next?

See 'New motorway projects' thread

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Old December 25th, 2016, 10:38 AM   #3530
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I have no idea, I 'unstuck' it
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Old December 30th, 2016, 12:20 PM   #3531
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Quote:
Originally Posted by MichiH View Post
D222: Tregueux-La Croix Gibat – Tregueux-Perray (N12) 2.5km (? to Late 2016) – projectmap
Wiki Sara still indicates a 2016 opening and the project page is not updated. Wikipedia indicates 2017 without any source. A news article from October reports about the construction of a bridge and next steps (for the bridge) till February 2017.

Does anyone have more info when the section is expected to be opened?
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Old January 10th, 2017, 08:53 PM   #3532
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A714, Montluçon

Some photos of A714, also known as the antenne de Montluçon. It is a 10 kilometer autoroute that links N145 with A71. It was opened to traffic in 2011.

1. N145 becomes A714 at Montluçon.

A714-1 by European Roads, on Flickr

2.

A714-2 by European Roads, on Flickr

3. There is a serious climb on the east side of Montluçon, the motorway gains 200 meters in altitude over just a few kilometers.

A714-3 by European Roads, on Flickr

4. Virtually the entire A714 can be driven without paying a toll.

A714-5 by European Roads, on Flickr

5.

A714-6 by European Roads, on Flickr

6.

A714-7 by European Roads, on Flickr

7. The toll station is located right at the A71 interchange.

A714-8 by European Roads, on Flickr

8. I had to go right to Clermont-Ferrand. But the télépéage lane is all the way to the left.

A714-9 by European Roads, on Flickr
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Old January 10th, 2017, 09:17 PM   #3533
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I like the design of french road signs but I wish they wouldn't use all capitals; it's much harder to read.

We essentially learn the 'shape' of words when you quickly read.
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Old January 29th, 2017, 08:22 PM   #3534
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D700

A 3 kilometer stretch of 2x2 voie express opens to traffic tomorrow morning in Bretagne, it's a part of D700 north of Loudéac, from the La Fourchette roundabout to the Bel-Air interchange. It's an expansion of the old road.



http://www.ouest-france.fr/bretagne/...-matin-4767324
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Old January 30th, 2017, 05:33 PM   #3535
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A313 Pont-à-Mousson

A313 is a short spur autoroute from A31 to the city of Pont-à-Mousson, halfway between Nancy and Metz. It is only two kilometers long and functions more like a long ramp than a true motorway, but it does have four lanes and motorway status.

1. Coming from A31, this interchange is incomplete, A313 can only be accessed to and from Nancy.

A313-1 by European Roads, on Flickr

2. This photo sets the tone of A313, a low priority motorway, with big cracks, faded road markings and overgrown roadsides.

A313-2 by European Roads, on Flickr

3. A313 is only two kilometers long.

A313-3 by European Roads, on Flickr

4. The only 'interchange' is a single ramp from A313 to D120 to Atton.

A313-4 by European Roads, on Flickr

5.

A313-5 by European Roads, on Flickr

6.

A313-6 by European Roads, on Flickr

7. A313 becomes a city street in Pont-à-Mousson.

A313-7 by European Roads, on Flickr
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Old February 1st, 2017, 07:36 PM   #3536
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A 1.8 kilometer segment of D222 around Saint-Brieuc opened to traffic last Monday (30 January). It runs from La Croix Gibat to Yffiniac, excluding the N12 interchange. It is a 2x2 voie express.

http://www.saint-brieuc.maville.com/...26114_actu.Htm

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Old February 3rd, 2017, 04:28 PM   #3537
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A31 Dijon - Langres

A31 has been widened to six lanes back in 2009, between Dijon and Langres (A39 to A5).

This section carries two types of traffic flow, from Paris to the south/Alps and from the Northeast to the South. It's rather busy in the summer and on some winter weekends, but traffic congestion has virtually been eliminated since expansion. Now you can drive it on cruise control the entire way on an average September day like this.



A31-1 by European Roads, on Flickr


A31-2 by European Roads, on Flickr


A31-3 by European Roads, on Flickr


A31-4 by European Roads, on Flickr


A31-5 by European Roads, on Flickr


A31-6 by European Roads, on Flickr


A31-7 by European Roads, on Flickr


A31-8 by European Roads, on Flickr
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Old February 5th, 2017, 12:57 PM   #3538
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N80 Montchanin - Chalon-sur-Saône

N80 or RN80 is a route nationale and expressway that forms part of the RCEA concept. N80 is the easternmost leg from Montchanin to Chalon-sur-Saône.

N80 has been upgraded to a four lane, 110 km/h expressway, starting in the early 1990s. It wasn't until recent years that a longer continuous stretch of expressway was completed. Construction is currently ongoing to expand the westernmost segment near Montchanin to four lanes.

1. N80 twinning near Montchanin, this is shortly after the N70 roundabout.

N80-2 by European Roads, on Flickr

2.

N80-4 by European Roads, on Flickr

3. Section control.

N80-5 by European Roads, on Flickr

4. The landscape is fairly interesting for Central France standards, more interesting than along N70 and N79.

N80-6 by European Roads, on Flickr

5.

N80-7 by European Roads, on Flickr

6.

N80-8 by European Roads, on Flickr

7.

N80-9 by European Roads, on Flickr

8.

N80-12 by European Roads, on Flickr

9.

N80-15 by European Roads, on Flickr

10.

N80-16 by European Roads, on Flickr
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Old February 5th, 2017, 10:23 PM   #3539
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Finally !!!
Quote:
Originally Posted by Brisavoine
Incredible but true! The international bridge over the Oyapock River between France and Brazil, whose construction was completed in August 2011, is FINALLY about to open to traffic!



The bridge couldn't be opened to traffic during all these years essentially because of the Brazilians. Originally the Brazilians were very keen to build a bridge with France (the first road connection between the EU and the Mercosur, as it was hailed at the time), but then they built the bridge without planning for an access road and customs house.

The French completed the access road and all the customs and immigration installations on their side of the border before the bridge was even completed:







That's the French border checkpoint before the bridge (built in time for the completion of the bridge in 2011, and waiting unused for 6 years now!!):



Next to the checkpoint is a complex of customs houses and immigration agent offices (here under construction in early 2011):



France has had to station dozens of border agents there for 6 years now, even though the bridge is unused, in case some people crossed the bridge on foot:



On the Brazilian side, on the other hand, there was only a dirt track leading to the bridge, and no customs house or border police checkpoint. This was the road on the Brazilian side:





The economic crisis in Brazil slowed progress on paving the access road and building customs and border police installations. What's more, the federal parliament in Brasilia was very slow in ratifying the international agreements with France regarding cross-border car insurance, movements of goods and of people, etc. The Brazilian MPs are peeved because France requires a visa for the Brazilians wishing to enter French Guiana (whereas no visa is required if they wish to travel to Metropolitan France). As for the French, it must be said the French authorities are particularly rigid in terms of the car insurances they require for the Brazilian drivers who want to drive in French Guiana. They wish to apply very strict EU rules without making an exception for this border region of French Guiana. So there has been lots of foot dragging in the federal parliament of Brazil plus an uncompromising attitude on the French side.

Eventually the governor of Amapá (the Brazilian state bordering French Guiana) took the matter in his own hands, and decided to pave the road leading to the bridge. This is now done. They have also finally started to build a Brazilian customs house and border checkpoint, and these should be completed by this summer.

As for the French, in 2015 they finally started granting border-resident cards to the Brazilian people living on the Brazilian side of the border, which appeased the Brazilian MPs who were annoyed by the fact the Brazilians required visas to enter French Guiana. These cards give them the right to stay on French territory for up to 72 hours. The Brazilians, however, complain that these border-resident cards only give the Brazilian border residents access to the border area of French Guiana. They do not give them access to the capital Cayenne 200 km away, so they can't go shopping in the shopping malls in Cayenne. That's due to a combination of French administrative rigidity + paranoia about immigration with the Front National now getting more than 25% of the votes (not in French Guiana, but the anti-FN Creole parties in French Guiana are also paranoid about Brazilian immigration).



Two weeks ago, the Brazilian federal parliament finally ratified the 3 international agreements with France regarding the taxation of goods at the border (and which goods, and in what quantity, the people crossing the border will be able to carry without paying customs duties), regarding merchandise transport and health regulations, and finally regarding the movement of people (which France had already ratified, hence the cross-border cards mentioned above). The first agreement exempts from customs duties all the so-called "means of subsistence" (such as food, clothes, shoes, cleaning products, etc).

As for car insurance, no agreement between France and Brazil has been reached yet. The Brazilian drivers would have to buy a one-month cross-border car insurance at the French border checkpoint costing 175 euros if they want to drive into French Guiana, whereas in Brazil the French drivers coming from French Guiana wouldn't need to buy a car insurance at the border, but they could run into big trouble if they have an accident in Brazil. A new Franco-Brazilian meeting is scheduled to take place on February 16 to discuss this issue further. This has reminded me how lucky we are in Europe where we have insurance agreements between the EU countries which allow us to drive to different countries without needing a new insurance each time we cross a border!

On January 16, a Franco-Brazilian emergency exercise was conducted on the bridge to test its equipment as well as the coordination of French and Brazilian rescue teams. You can see the news report below (at the end of the video we can see that the road on the Brazilian side of the bridge is finally paved, although covered by lots of dirt, but the customs house is still under construction):



One Brazilian rescue officer in the video says that they they still need to solve the issue of the language they will use to communicate between both teams (very oddly, in general the French know more Portuguese than the Brazilians know French, and usually the Brazilians don't master English well enough to communicate in English with the French side, so the French agents often need to speak in broken Portuguese to be understood).

In this other video the political leaders from both countries (prefect of French Guiana, governor of Amapá, etc) are interviewed on the bridge:



No date has been scheduled yet, but the bridge should open to light vehicles within a matter of days now. Truck traffic will have to wait a few more months, as both countries still need to agree on some technical points. It is not known whether there will be an official inauguration at all after the opening of the bridge to car traffic (there certainly won't be one before it opens to car traffic). With the presidential election in France now and the political crisis in Brazil this is the worst of times to officially inaugurate the bridge, so what was presented for more than 20 years as a major rapprochement between France and Brazil (and beyond them between the EU and the Mercosur) will most likely open without any fanfare, almost in secrecy. I find that a bit sad.

A video from the last Franco-Brazilian cross-border cooperation committee in December, where the prefect of French Guiana said the bridge would open after the emergency exercise of January 16, most likely between the end of January and the beginning of the February he said (it's February 5 as I write this and the bridge is not yet opened...):



Last but not least, when the bridge finally opens, people crossing into Brazil will have to go clear customs and have their passports stamped by Brazilian authorities in the town of Oiapoque, 3 km from the bridge, as there won't be an operational border police station and customs house on the Brazilian side of the bridge before the summer. I find this Oyapock Bridge saga so representative of Brazil in a way.
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Old February 8th, 2017, 05:53 PM   #3540
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A7 Salon

An aerial view of A7 at Salon-de-Provence.



The Salon-Nord interchange currently consists of a single on-ramp in the direction of Lyon. Google Earth shows that an off-ramp from Lyon has also existed in the past, but has been decomissioned since at least 2003. There are no signs of a past toll gate there.

There are plans to build a full interchange:
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