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Old December 2nd, 2007, 09:38 PM   #41
RawLee
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Public transportation of Budapest

I would like to present you the public transportation of Budapest, the capitol of Hungary. The city currently has 3 metro lines, 15 trolley lines, 31 tramlines, 4 HÉV (suburban rail) lines, more than 200 daytime buslines and 35 night buslines, a cogwheel line, a chairlift, a funicular and a shipline.

Metros

M1 “yellow” line.
The M1 line is the oldest on continental Europe, and the second oldest after the London Tube. The original route had an overground segment, but it was deconstructed when the line was extended northwards in 1973 during its renovation. The line was reconstructed in 1995 too. There are 11 stations on the route.








M2 “red” line.
The M2 line is the 2nd oldest in Budapest, it was built between 1970 and 72, and currently the only line that crosses the Danube. It features 11 stations. The line in the recent years has been renovated. Daily ridership on the line is about 450000. The line could be united with the Gödöllő HÉV line, but for political reasons, this is in the distant future (note: the terminals of the lines are on opposite sides of a junction).
Old view on Deák sqr station

Renovated station at Kossuth Lajos sqr

New vehicles for the line, which will arrive in 2008.

And the old ones




M3 “blue” line.
The M3 line is the “newest” line in Budapest. It was built between 1976-90. This is the longest line in the city, with 20 stations. Renovation could possibly take place in the next decade. ~620000 people use the line daily.






M4 “green” line.
The M4 line is currently under construction. More can be found about it here and here



M5 line
The M5 line is only a plan, which aims to connect the Szentendre HÉV line in the north with the Ráckeve and Csepel HÉV lines in the south, forming a very long, cross-city route.



HÉV lines

HÉV means “Helyi érdekű vasút”, local interest rail. They connect Budapest with the neighboring settlements.

Szentendre HÉV line.
The Szentendre HÉV line connects Budapest with the city of Szentendre in the north. Currently, it’s the only HÉV line on the Buda side of the river. Many tourists use this line while going to Szentendre. There are plans to unite this line with 2 other HÉV lines in the south with the M5 metro, which would form a cross-city route, through downtown, which would spare much time for its passengers.
At the Batthyány sqr terminal of the line in Budapest

Vehicles at Szentendre at the line’s terminal


Gödöllő HÉV line
This line connect Budapest with the city of Gödöllő in the east. This line could be easily turned into a metro extension, since its terminal in Budapest is just across the street from the M2 metro line’s terminal. The line has a branch line towards Csömör.
The line at its terminal at Örs Vezér sqr

Aerial of Örs Vezér sqr. M2 metro line’s terminal on the right, the Gödöllő HÉV line’s terminal in the middle.


Csepel HÉV line
The Csepel HÉV line is the shortest of the 4. It connects the Csepel island with downtown Budapest. This is the only line that doesn’t leave Budapest. There are plans to unify this line with the Szentendre and Ráckeve HÉV lines via M5 metro.
Station of Csepel HÉV line at Lágymányos bridge

Vehicles of the line


Ráckeve HÉV line
The longest of the 4 lines, this takes you to Ráckeve, which is ~35km south of Budapest in air.







Tramlines

Budapest has 31 tramlines. Some of them are only branch lines of others. The numbering of the lines don’t represent anything. There are historical reasons behind the numbering, which I wont explain, mainly because of lack of sources.

Line 1
Line 1 is a “circular” line. Start in north Buda and ends in south Pest, doing a half circle. It will se an extension in 2008, when it will be extended to south Buda.




Line 1A
Line 1A is a shorter version of line 1. It only goes until Népliget. And it doesn’t go on weekends and work-free days.




Line 2
Line 2 travels mostly along the Danube of the left bank. It’s a very scenic route, tourists like it very much. It is currently cut in half, and only goes until Havas str, because a station of M4 metro at Fővám sqr is under construction. The southern half of the line is substituted with buses.




Line 3
Line 3 is a busy route, which connects south Pest with eastern Pest. It is to be extended next year.




Line 4
Line 4 is an almost circular line, connecting north-central Buda with south-central Buda, while doing a big half-circle in downtown Pest.




Line 6
Line 6 is almost the same as line 4, it only differs in 1 station in the south. But line 6 has a greater potential, because it can easily be connected with line 61, thus forming a whole circle.
Both lines are serviced by the brand new, huge Siemens Combino Supra NF12 Budapest trams. These are 52m long trams. The common part of the lines has a daily ridership around 200000. In rush our, trams come every 1-3 minutes.




Line 12
Line 12 serves partially the district Újpalota, and Újpest. Shares the track with line 14 on much of its route.



Line 14
Line 14 is a tramline in northern Pest. Its purpose is to connect the areas of districts Újpest and Angyalföld to downtown Budapest which are not in the area of metro line M3. There are plans of either extending it to Nyugati Railway station or connecting it with line 47-49, which would form a north Pest-south Buda axis.




Line 17
Line 17 is a tramline in northern Buda. It brings people to line 4-6, although it’s not a very frequent one, and is heavily traffic-dependent, because it doesn’t run on dedicated track all the way.




Line 18
Line 18 is a north-south line in Buda, and is a very long line. It connects northern Buda with southern Buda, while touching all major transportation hubs in Buda.




Line 19
Line 19 connects southwestern Buda with the Buda side of downtown.




Line 24
Line 24 connects Keleti Railway Terminal with south Pest, and Ráckeve HÉV line.






Line 28
Line 28 is an important connection for southeastern-Pest, because this is the only tram connection of this area.




Line 30
Line 30 offers rail connection to the residents of south Pest.




Line 30A
Line 30A is a short one, and it’s a very short segment of line 30.




Line 37
Line 37 is a parallel line of line 28, although line 37 goes another way on ~50% of the route, but they have the same terminal at the end of the line.




Line 37A
Line 37A is a shorter version of 37 and they use the same track all the way.




Line 41
Line 41 connects southwestern Buda with downtown. The line goes extremely out of the city, literally ending at the border of Budapest.




Line 41A
Line 41A is a shorter version of line41. It ends in south Buda, but doesn’t go to the west.




Line 42
Line 42 is also a short tramline, it is to bring the residents of southeastern Pest to the nearest metro station at Határ road.




Line 47
Line 47 connect downtown Pest with south Buda. Its currently closed on the Pest side, because there are 2 metro stations constructed on its route. It is to be either extended to Nyugati Railway station, or connected with line 14.




Line 49
Line 49 connects Kelenföld Railway station with downtown Pest. Almost all of its route is on the route of the under construction M4 metro. It is to be either extended to Nyugati Railway station, or connected with line 14.




Line 50
Line 50 connects southeastern Pest with the nearest metro station at Határ road. The line almost reaches Ferihegy 2 airport.




Line 52
Line 52 connects south Pest with the Határ road metro station.




Line 56
The current line 56 is a new one. It connects north and south Buda. The line is a mix of line 18 and line 49. The original line ended at Moszkva sqr, but it was extended to the current route.






Line 59
Line 59 is also a modified one. Originally, it ended at Moszkav sqr, but it was extended 3 stations on the route of line 56 northwards.






Line61
Line 61 is the counterpart of line 6. Both line’s terminals are Moszkva and Móricz Zsigmond sqr. This is the reason why their unification was proposed.






Line62
Line 62 shares its track with line 69 and line3.




Line67
Line67 is an anomaly in the system. The line is closed for some years, and buses substitute it. Part of its route will be the extension of the under construction M4 metro.




Line69
Line69 connects northeastern Pest with the nearest metro station at Mexikói road.




Trolleys
Trolleys are electric buses that follow overhead wires from which they get the electricity. There are 15 Trolley lines in Budapest. Their numbering starts at 70, because the first line started on the 70th anniversary of Stalin’s birthday.

Line 70
Line 70 travels through downtown Budapest. It was the first line in Budapest, started in 1949.




Line 72




Line 73




Line 74




Line 74A




Line 75




Line 76




Line 77




Line 78




Line 79




Line 80




Line 81




Line82

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Old December 2nd, 2007, 11:57 PM   #42
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Thanks for the effort you put in. I really enjoyed reading.
Can you give some information on the frequency of the tram lines?
Thanks
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Old December 3rd, 2007, 12:39 AM   #43
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Of course! Here they are(1st number rush hour,2nd number not in RH;and everything is minute):
Line 1: 6 7
Line 1A: 6 9
Line 2: 5 6
Line 3: 7 10
Line 4: 4 4-5
Line 6: 4 4-5 (out of 19 stations,only 1 differ from line 4,so image that frequency)
Line 12: 15 15
Line 14: 5 7-8
Line 17: 10 10
Line 18: 5-7 10
Line 19: 7-8 7-8
Line 24: 4-8 7-8
Line 28: 8 8
Line 30: comes at every hour 15,35,55(so 20min)
Line 30A: comes at every hour 05,25,45(so 20min)
Line 37: 8 15
Line 37A: 8 15
Line 41: comes at every hour 10,25,40,55(so 15min)
Line 41A: 15 doesnt go out of RH
Line 42: 10 15
Line 47:-out of service,currently
Line 49:-out of service,currently
Line 50: 3-4 5-6
Line 52: 10 15
Line 56: 3-6 10
Line 59: 8 10
Line 61: 5 7-8
Line 62: 6 10
Line 67:-out of service for some time,substitute bus comes every 15min
Line 69: 5-7 10
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Old December 3rd, 2007, 03:36 AM   #44
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Are there information about the frequencies of the 35 night buses lines ?
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Old December 3rd, 2007, 05:00 AM   #45
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I was really impressed with the transit system while I was there last year.
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Old December 3rd, 2007, 07:58 AM   #46
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Very impressive thread. Thanks for all the work you put into cataloguing all of this.
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Old December 3rd, 2007, 09:23 AM   #47
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Very impressive. From the pics, it seems as though Budapest has a great system.
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Old December 3rd, 2007, 02:14 PM   #48
RawLee
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Fabio1976 View Post
Are there information about the frequencies of the 35 night buses lines ?
Here is the map:

and the schedule(in min):
901: 30
906: 10(6 on friday and saturday)
907: 30
908: 30 and 60,depends on location(I suppose not all goes until the end)
909: 30
914: 30
921: 60
922: only 3 goes,at 0:18,1:18 and 2:48
923: 30
930: 30
931: 60
937: only 1 goes,at 0:54
938: only 2 goes,at 0:50 and 2:20
940: only 2 goes,at 0:00 and 1:00,leaves the city
941: 120
943: 90
950: 20
950/950A: 10
952: 30
956: 60
960: irregular,mostly 15.
963: 60,last bus 90
966: only goes once on the first part of its route,then from Pesterzsébet,60
969: 60
972: only goes twice,0:36 and 1:36 and leaves the city
973: 30
979/979A:complex schedule,depends on line and time,30 or 60(here)
980: 60
992: only goes at 0:53 and leaves the city
994: 30
996/996A: 30
997: 30-60-60-90-30
998: 30
999: only goes twice,at 0:30 and 1:30
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Old December 3rd, 2007, 06:41 PM   #49
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Here is a map of entire Budapest(over 10MB!!!) with the metros and tramlines.
http://imagination.hu/bb/bp_masstransportaton_hq.jpg
(made by me,hosted by tesyxus)
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Old December 4th, 2007, 01:33 PM   #50
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Here are some more "exotic" vehicles we have in Budapest:
Fogaskerekű(Cogwheel)





Libegő(Chairlift)



Sikló(Funicular)



funicular with the 0km stone,from which the distances in Hungary are measured.

And we have a ship route too,but I cant find pics about the ships...but here is the route:
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Old December 4th, 2007, 03:58 PM   #51
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The evolution of the tram system:

1915
1930
1941
1952
1962
1970
1977
1998
2000
2007

and future:

2011
2024

www.villamosok.hu
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Old December 10th, 2007, 06:49 PM   #52
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great explanation... every line described in few words, map from GE adds nice visualisation of planning, and few pics from trams...
nicely done, great work... tnx
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Old December 10th, 2007, 07:13 PM   #53
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Quote:
Originally Posted by DJZG View Post
great explanation... every line described in few words, map from GE adds nice visualisation of planning, and few pics from trams...
nicely done, great work... tnx
Those maps of the individual lines are just parts of this map:

Quote:
Originally Posted by RawLee View Post
Here is a map of entire Budapest(over 10MB!!!) with the metros and tramlines.
http://imagination.hu/bb/bp_masstransportaton_hq.jpg
(made by me,hosted by tesyxus)
Which is the full-sized version of this(trolley lines are not (yet)on it):
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Old December 10th, 2007, 07:36 PM   #54
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Quote:
Originally Posted by RawLee View Post
Those maps of the individual lines are just parts of this map:


Which is the full-sized version of this(trolley lines are not (yet)on it):
ofcourse i've seen it :-P
very nice and detailed satellite image with network...
only one remark... the numbers on lines are missing... it would be nice to wrote them also...;-)
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Old December 10th, 2007, 07:45 PM   #55
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Currently,I'm working on a similar thing about the national railways...that will be a long work. Maybe after that.
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Old December 10th, 2007, 10:08 PM   #56
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I've seen videos of their trams on YouTube, and even the biggest light rail supporter would have to admit they move bloody slowly. Why does their system have such substandard performance?
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You are genius too Electrify, never would have thought of this if not for your thread.
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Old December 10th, 2007, 10:23 PM   #57
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Quote:
Originally Posted by RawLee View Post
Currently,I'm working on a similar thing about the national railways...that will be a long work. Maybe after that.


i have tried to do something like that on Zagreb, but i couldn't fix position... didn't understand why this is happening, i think cause of the Earth's round shape...
can you tell me, how did you merge those pictures without errors...
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Old December 10th, 2007, 11:13 PM   #58
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Electrify View Post
I've seen videos of their trams on YouTube, and even the biggest light rail supporter would have to admit they move bloody slowly. Why does their system have such substandard performance?
Because those trams are not for purposes americans use them. There are stations 300m away. These collect people,at every corner,if needed. And most of the track is old.
BTW,every single tramline in america(or in most of the world) would look substandard,compared to this:
1-3min frequency of these:


Quote:
Originally Posted by DJZG View Post
i have tried to do something like that on Zagreb, but i couldn't fix position... didn't understand why this is happening, i think cause of the Earth's round shape...
can you tell me, how did you merge those pictures without errors...
There are lot of errors in it. But I've used canon's merger.

Last edited by RawLee; December 10th, 2007 at 11:21 PM.
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Old December 10th, 2007, 11:55 PM   #59
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Quote:
Originally Posted by DJZG View Post
i have tried to do something like that on Zagreb, but i couldn't fix position... didn't understand why this is happening, i think cause of the Earth's round shape...
can you tell me, how did you merge those pictures without errors...
Here is the detailed way I did it:
I've chosen a height,at which most streets are visible(3,67km in this case).
Then I've made an imaginary grid. I took pics of the first part of the city(top left element). Then I kept about 3cm wide zone on the next image that is same on the image next to it(or above/below). When I had 8,I used the merger to check for errors. An error was when the image was not horizontally merged(see the bottom right corner? There is a huge error somewhere there,but since that part of the city was only needed because my merger needs equal number of images in every row/column in a matrix,I didnt correct it.). So if the 8 were good,I took an other row/column. And so on,until I got the final,13(row)*9(column) resolution.
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Old December 11th, 2007, 12:13 AM   #60
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precious presentation, RawLee!
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