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Old October 7th, 2007, 12:14 AM   #1
Kampflamm
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Medieval castles

Recently took a couple of shots of Burg Eltz in western Germany. So now it's time to show pics of medieval castles in your region/country.





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Old October 7th, 2007, 12:20 AM   #2
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I'm just gonna copy/paste some of them from the EE thread. (Albania)
-----------------------------------------------------------------

The Castle of Berat is one of the most massive historical monuments of the Balkans, a grand fortress that dominates the Osum River. The castle is triangular shaped. If seen from below, the castle looks like it is part of the hill.



The internal entrance tower is built with stone blocks belonging to Illyrian fortifications dating back to the fourth to second centuries B.C. The top of the hill is surrounded by an external peripheral wall of twenty-four towers. There are fourteen churches inside the castle, which have made this castle very famous.

What's even more special about this castle is that inside is located the Onunfri Museum, named after Albania's most famous iconic painter of the 16 Century who introduced for the first time the color Pink in paintings.

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Castle of Gjirokastra is the largest castle in Albania built in the 13th century by tribal leader Gjin Bue Shpata who also gave the name to the city. It's the second largest castle in the Balkans.



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Rozafa Castle is Albania's most famous of all castles. It rises on a rocky hill to the west of Shkodra and is surrounded by the waters of the three rivers, Buna, Drini and Kiri. Rozafa is one of the major castles in Albania and the most important tourist attractions in Shkodra. The castle dates back to Illyrian times when Latin historian Titus Livius called it "stronghold of the Labeats" (Illyrian tribe on the shores of Lake Shkodra). Illyrian queen, Teuta, used it as a base in her war against Rome.

image hosted on flickr


The name Rozafa first appeared in the Middle Ages. The name is linked to the legend 'of the kept promise' which is common in one form or another to all Balkan peoples. According to the legend, Rozafa, the wife of the youngest of three brothers, accepted to be buried alive in the walls of the castle.

The brothers had been building the castle in the day only to find that the walls had collapsed during the night. At the entrance to the castle one can see the Rozafa bas-relief. According to popular imagination, the lime water that leaks at the main entrance is the milk running from Rozafa's breast which was left outside the wall so that she could feed her newborn baby.
The castle assumed the shape it has today during Balsha family rule in the 14th century. Most of the remaining walls of the castle belong to the Venetian period. However one can also find traces of the Ottoman times (16th and 17th centuries) and the Bushatlli period (18th and 19th centuries). The walls of the Rozafa castle are 880 meters long and encircle an area of nine hectares. After strong resistance, Rozafa fell to the Ottomans in 1479. Kalaja Shkoder XhamiaOther objects of interest inside the castle are the water tanks from the 15th century and the 13th century chapel, which after the Ottoman occupation was turned into a mosque. Within the walls of the castle is also the Rozafa museum that explains the various periods in the life of the castle.

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Kruja Castle is a castle in the town of Kruja and the center of Skanderbeg's resistance against the Ottoman Turks. The castle withstood two massive sieges from the Turks, both times its garrison was even smaller than the one at Constantinople usually no bigger than 2,000-3,000 men. Mehmed II "The Conqueror" himself could not break the castle's small defenses. Today it is a center of tourism in Albania and a source of inspiration to all Albanians.

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Old October 7th, 2007, 12:29 AM   #3
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Buda castle









Eger fortress/castle

Szigetvár fortress/castle

Diósgyőr fortress/castle

Esztergom fortress/castle

-primary function of these were defence,because of historic reasons.

Last edited by RawLee; October 7th, 2007 at 12:46 PM.
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Old October 7th, 2007, 12:44 AM   #4
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Now that's what I call a castle.. gorgeous pics! No country can beat Germany when it comes to beautiful castles.

Ringil has made an excellent Finnish Strongholds -thread in the S&B section, so if someone wants some detailed info about Finnish castles visit that thread.. I'll post just pics + basic info:

Turku Castle (Ĺbo castle), dating from 1280's, the main part is medieval, and then there's the renaissance bailey. Renaissance was brought to Finland from Poland by Katarina Jagellonica:




Häme Castle (Tavastehus Castle), dating from the 14th century:




Olavinlinna (Olofsborg, St. Olaf's Castle), dating from the 15th century, wordl's northernmost medieval stone castle, founded by Erik Axelsson Tott:




Finnish castles are pretty harsh.
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Old October 7th, 2007, 01:33 AM   #5
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Novak View Post
Now that's what I call a castle.. gorgeous pics! No country can beat Germany when it comes to beautiful castles.
Its not germany,but german culture,since both Switzerland and Austria has awesome castles.
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Old October 7th, 2007, 01:44 AM   #6
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Quote:
Originally Posted by RawLee View Post
Its not germany,but german culture,since both Switzerland and Austria has awesome castles.
Yeh, you're right.
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Old October 7th, 2007, 03:59 AM   #7
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Hungary had awesome castles as well, but nearly all of them were destroyed during the Ottoman era.

Visegrád, Royal Palace (it is being reconstructed as we speak):


Visegrád, Lower Castle (connected to Upper Castle by a fortified wall):


Visegrád, Upper Castle (connected to Lower Castle by a fortified wall):


Castle Tata:


Castle Sümeg:


Castle Sárvár:


Castle Pécsvárad:


Castle Nyírbátor (the main building was recently rebuilt):


Castle Nagyvázsony:


Castle Hollókő:


Castle Esztergom:


Castle Eger:


Castle Diósgyőr:


Castle Csókakő:




And finally, the best and last...



Castle Buda:


I will post some existing castles later.

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Old October 7th, 2007, 04:43 AM   #8
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A selection of my favorite castles in the Netherlands. The ones I like most are the ones that really exude a medieval feel.

Muiderslot, 13th century
image hosted on flickr


Kasteel de Haar, 14th century
image hosted on flickr


Kasteel Ammersoyen, 14th century


Kasteel Helmond, 14th century
image hosted on flickr


Kasteel Doorwerth, 13th century
image hosted on flickr


Kasteel Heeswijk, 12th century
image hosted on flickr


Kasteel Huis Bergh, 13th century
image hosted on flickr


Kasteel Henkenshage
image hosted on flickr


Kasteel Hoensbroek, 13th century
image hosted on flickr


Kasteel Oude Loo, 16th century
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Last edited by Shukie; October 7th, 2007 at 05:00 AM.
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Old October 7th, 2007, 12:51 PM   #9
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The Al-Hambra was constructed by the Arabs and has two parts: The palaces and the castle. These are photos of the wall and the towers. I hope that you like...





















In this photo also you can see the Carlos V palace, constructed by the christians in spanish reconquest. Also you can see the bell tower of the church that they constructed (In that place a mosque had to exist).



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Old October 7th, 2007, 12:55 PM   #10
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Panoramic...

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Old October 7th, 2007, 01:01 PM   #11
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A few months ago I went to Segovia, in central Spain, but this is the only photo in which I did not appear or my girlfriend...

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Old October 12th, 2007, 01:10 AM   #12
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Castles of north-east POLAND, Warmia & Masuria (Prussia)


Lidzbark Warminski:






Bytów:






Kętrzyn:




Kwidzyń:






Reszel




Olsztyn




Radzyń Chełmiński




Golub:




Gniew




Szymbark




Nidzica:






Malbork


























...and many others, mainly ruins.
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Old October 26th, 2007, 03:13 AM   #13
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My favourite destroyed Polish castle is Krzyztopor (translation = CrossAxe).

History:

It is not exactly known when the construction of this impressive fortress started. Krzysztof Ossoliński’s father, Jan Zbigniew Ossoliński, gave him the village of Ujazd in 1619. However, first documented proof of the construction comes from 1627. It was not ready yet, the nobleman probably finished it in 1644 and it cost him the gigantic sum of 30 million Polish zlotys. Unfortunately, Ossoliński did not enjoy it for a long time, he suddenly died next year in Krakow.

The castle was inherited by Ossoliński’s son Krzysztof Baldwin Ossoliński, who died in 1649 in the Battle of Zborów. After this death, the formidable complex was purchased by the family of Denhoffs, then by the Kalinowskis.

In 1655, during the Swedish invasion of Poland, the castle was captured by the Swedes, who stayed there until 1657, pillaging the whole complex. Destruction of this impressive construction was so widespread, that after Swedes’ withdrawal, nobody decided to rebuild it, as this kind of venture was too costly. Several noble families (the Morsztyns, the Wiśniowieckis and the Pacs) lived in the best preserved, western wing, but otherwise the castle was in ruins.

In 1770, during the Bar Confederation, Krzyżtopór, defended by the Confederate units, was seized by the Russians, who completed the destruction. Reportedly, last known inhabitant of the complex, Stanisław Sołtyk, lived there in the years 1782-1787. Ever since, Krzyżtopór has been deserted.

During the Second World War the complex was again ransacked, in 1971 a partial remodeling took place and in 1980 Polish Ministry of Internal Affairs decided to rebuild it and use as a rest area for officers. The work was stopped in 1981, when martial law was implemented in Poland for a time.

Design:

Krzysztof Ossoliński loved black magic, thus virtually each part of the castle has its own meaning. Reportedly, the castle had 365 windows (as many as days of the year), 52 rooms (as many as weeks of the year) and 12 ballrooms (as many as months of the year).





Large photo:

Click on the link
http://images30.fotosik.pl/49/4128ed6b9bd2de52.jpg


Today:

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Old October 26th, 2007, 03:28 AM   #14
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Other destroyed Polish castles:

Bobolice


Janowiec


Ogrodzieniec
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Old October 26th, 2007, 03:51 AM   #15
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Castles from Portugal!

Coimbra, one of the most important cities and with the oldest university in Portugal and one of Europe's oldest, founded in 1290 by King Dinis, had the castle and some parts still remain. This was the Royal Palace and is now part of the university. THis is on the top of a hill next to Mondego River, where the first colonizers, the celts, built their first edifications. Then came Romans, Goths, Suevii, Arabs and then Christians:


This was one of the doors of the old walls of the city, Porta da Barbacă, which can be found in Downtown Coimbra:


which is next to the Arch of Almedina, which means "the city" in arabic:


Medieval castle of Montemor-o-Velho, 15km to west from Coimbra, about halfway between Lisboa and Porto. It was in the defense line to protect Coimbra, the 1st Portuguese capital, from the Moors, in the XII century. The castle is surrounded by the town.


The castle with the rice and corn fields:






The church inside it, Santa Maria de Alcáçova:









Castle in Soure, a village conquered in 1111 to the Moors and is supposedly the 1st locality to receive town status. It was also in the defense line to protect Coimbra.








Castle of Guimarăes, not far from Porto in the north, that calls itself the place where Portugal was born, as it was from there that the conquerings started and where the 1st king of Portugal, Afonso Henriques, might have been born or lived.


Castle in Mértola, Alentejo, southern Portugal, not far from Spain:




The castle and a part of gorgeous Mértola:


Ancient Mosque that was turned into a Church:


View to the town and river Guadiana:


Castle in Alcoutim, eastern Algarve, on the Portuguese side of the border with Spain:





The Lisbon Castle of St. George with the Santa Justa lift in downtown:


Sintra, near Lisbon, with Castelo dos Mouros:


And its ex-libris, built by King Fernando II, Palácio da Pena, which looks like a fairytale castle:


Óbidos, north from Lisbon, with the village inside the castle:



Castles of Germany
Schloss Heidelberg by night and the Alte Brücke (Old Bridge) by the Neckar:


view to Heidelberg:


old castle of Stuttgart:


Ladenburg, right off of Heidelberg and the City Tower:




And a door on the town's wall:


Nice photos everyone!!
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Last edited by Lino; October 26th, 2007 at 03:56 AM.
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Old October 28th, 2007, 11:59 AM   #16
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Amongst many other french castles, two famous ones, north of Paris :

Pierrefonds :

North of Paris, built 14th century, heavily restored in the 19th century to serve as a residence for Napoleon III.



Before and after restoration :



Coucy

A few kilometers north of Pierrefonds , 13th century. A massive castle. Its donjon used to be the biggest in Europe, but the castle was largely destroyed by the German in 1917.

pre WWI pictures:





What is left of it now :


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ch%C3%A2teau_de_Coucy

Last edited by J-Ph; October 31st, 2007 at 01:13 AM.
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Old October 28th, 2007, 03:19 PM   #17
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Quote:
The work was stopped in 1981, when martial law was implemented in Poland for a time.
Any plans to continue on that?
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Old October 30th, 2007, 02:10 PM   #18
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in spain, some exemples of castles:

castillo de Loarre




Castillo de San Javier



Castillo Real de Olite














Castillo de Butrón





Castillo de Simancas:





El Alcázar de Segovia:







Castillo de Manzanares el Real (Madrid)

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Old October 30th, 2007, 04:18 PM   #19
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Joka View Post
Any plans to continue on that?
There is some talk, some rumours about rebuilding it using government funds but I don't think it will happen anytime soon. It would cost a huge amount of money.
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Old October 31st, 2007, 08:38 PM   #20
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Some of Turkey
AnadoluHisari


RumeliHisar







Sümela Manastiri



Find it



Bodrum Kalesi


Afyon Karahisar Kalesi (at the top you can see it)


Harput Kalesi


Kayseri Kalesi


Cesme Kalesi
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