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Old February 6th, 2008, 08:38 PM   #41
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Dan1113 View Post
How much km-age is Finland currently working on (or starting this year) other than the two opening this year?
Starting:

Road 4 Kemi by-pass (17,9 Km)
Road 6 Lappeenranta-Imatra (48 Km)
Road 51 Kivenlahti-Kirkkonummi (MAYBE, if agrarian traffic minister wants to give monet to southern Finland, 10/15 Km)
Ring road I in Leppävaara, upgrading to 2x3 and rebuilding interchanges
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Old February 6th, 2008, 11:57 PM   #42
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Kiitos. Another more random question: from what I saw, one of the ring roads (forget which) of Helsinki sure seems like a motorway but is not signed as one. Any reasons why?
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Old February 7th, 2008, 01:03 PM   #43
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Dan1113 View Post
Kiitos. Another more random question: from what I saw, one of the ring roads (forget which) of Helsinki sure seems like a motorway but is not signed as one. Any reasons why?
As far as I know, even Kehä III or Ring III, which is the most motorway like, has a few same level intersections.
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Old February 7th, 2008, 04:29 PM   #44
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Dan1113 View Post
Kiitos. Another more random question: from what I saw, one of the ring roads (forget which) of Helsinki sure seems like a motorway but is not signed as one. Any reasons why?

I think the most motorway-like Helsinki ring road is Kehä II, which is built, unlike Kehä I and Kehä III (built in the 1970´s and 1980´s), with very high standards. The road is, however, very short. In the future it will be built to Hämeenlinna motorway, and it will have very complex interchanges and many tunnels.

Another road that is quite motorway-like is ring road III from Lahti motorway to airport. But from the airoport to Espoo it is a very, very low quality road with grade intersections. The upgrading of this road to 2x3 motorway and the upgrading of the airport road to motorway had to start in 2005, but ministers from Lapland and eastern Finland don´t want to give any money to the most populated part of the country.

Ring road I is more like a 2x3 avenue with interchanges, or an expressway.
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Old February 8th, 2008, 02:47 PM   #45
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OT (): how is the Finnish "ä" pronounced? Like the German [ae], or differently?
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Old February 8th, 2008, 03:05 PM   #46
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Yeah, Ä is pronounced [æ] (like the as in English words damn and mat) but it doesn't completely behave like the German Ä. In Finnish Ä is also listed as a letter of its own unlike in German.
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Old February 8th, 2008, 03:29 PM   #47
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^ Ok, thanks. A lot of people say Mika Hakkinen, instead of Hækkinen, although they speak German, for example.
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Old March 6th, 2008, 08:58 PM   #48
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Hade ingen aning om att skyltarna var på svenska med

Finland got some of the best motorways in Scandinavia, actually.
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Old March 6th, 2008, 09:09 PM   #49
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That Swedish means "The signs looks Swedish" or something?
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Old March 6th, 2008, 09:25 PM   #50
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Almost! "I didnt know that the signs was in swedish too"
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Old March 6th, 2008, 10:37 PM   #51
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It's thanks to Finland (having Swedish as an official language) that Swedish is an official language of the EU. It's not official in Sweden, but it is in Finland.
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Old March 6th, 2008, 10:40 PM   #52
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What is the official language in Sweden? Or doesn't it have any?
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Old March 7th, 2008, 08:05 AM   #53
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Nope, but swedish is de facto.
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Old March 8th, 2008, 02:43 PM   #54
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Like in the Norway thread, in the finnish one I will take you to a virtual tour to some important finnish E-routes, starting with the E75:

E75 is an european route that goes trough whole Finland, from Helsinki to its nearly northernmost point in Utsjoki.

Helsinki metropolitan area

E75 starts in the city center of Helsinki. It goes through such important streets as Esplanadi (2x2 lanes), Pohjoisranta (2x2), Sörnäisten rantatie (2x3/2x4), Itäväylä (2x3), Hermannin rantatie (2x2) and Gustav Vasa avenue (2x3). It is named as National road 4.

The road itself starts in Kumpula, in the northern part of the central area of Helsinki. It starts as a 2x3 motorway, that will be improved to 2x4 in the future. In Kumpula there is also a huge road project running: the central by-pass of Helsinki. In the future, an underground motorway will run from Kumpula to Munkkiniemi, by-passing Helsinki city center. It consists of 2 motorway tunnels, one from Turku motorway (E18) to Mannerheimintie, and one from estern Pasila to E75. Between these two future tunnels it´s now being built a part of this motorway, called Hakamäentie. The project consist also from the replacing of Tuusula motorway from Käpylä to Pasila.

E75 continues as a 2x3 and future 2x4 motorway with two major interchanges on it: Ring road I and Porvoo motorway. Between Ring road I and Porvoo motorway there will be a new interchange to Kivikko, and Viikinmäki interchange south of Ring road I will be completed.

After the interchange with Porvoo motorway, the road turns to 2x2 congested motorway, that will be 2x3 in the future from Porvoo motorway to Koivukylänväylä or even to Road 152 (north from Ring road III). Between Porvoo motorway and Ring road III there will be built a new interchange that will connect Malmi and Jakomäki to E75. In this section we find two major junctions: Ring road III and Koivukylänväylä.

North of Koivukylänväylä E75 continues as a 2x2 motorway through Vantaa, Kerava and Järvenpää with old 2x1-lane E75 running on its right side.
Major junctions: Road 152, Road 148, Road 145

Southern Finland

After Järvenpää E75 continues as a motorway towards Lahti. Lahti is a city with a population of 100 000 persons, and it is situated in the center of southern Finland.

In Lahti we have a new planned interchange that will connect Lahti southern by-pass with E75. Road 12 goes trough Lahti city center as a 2x2-road with grade intersections. In the busiest sections it has an ADDT of 40 000 vehicles per day. That´s because Lahti needs a southern by-pass. The project includes a high standard city-motorway that will encircle Lahti from the south, and a new motorway section west of Lahti. Int he other side of E75, Road 12 from Lahti to Nastola will be upgraded to motorway.

North of Lahti we find a new motorway section, completed in 2005. It runs from Lahti to Heinola. Heinola is famous for the longest motorway bridge in Finland, Tähtiniemi bridge. The bridge is 924 meters long and it has 2 lanes for each direction. It was built in 1993.

Central Finland

After by-passing Heinola, the motorway continues ~10 Km and then ends. Now we have to continuate towards Jyväskylä on a low standard 2x1-road. The paisage is caracterized with its many hills, mountains and forests. This road is being improved to an 2+1-lane expressway with grade-separated junctions, but a motorway is needed.

After 150 Km of 2x1 road we reach Vaajakoski, a suburb of Jyväskylä. There motorway starts again. This stretch was completed in 1977. The road offers a good sightseeing of Jyväskylä, and you can see the many high-rises of Lutakko. It is planned to continue the motorway stretch south of Vaajakoski towards Helsinki. Near downtown Jyväskylä we must turn right to continuate on E75 to the so-called Rantaväylä (Coastal hinghway). It is a motorway build in the 80´s that by-passes Jyväskylä near it´s downtown from the east. This motorway continues to Kirri, and in Kirri the section ends. And then we have again a congested 2x1-stretch. It has been planned to continue the motorway ~50 Km north up to Äänekoski, but this will happen way in the future, like nearly all road projects in Finland

The road (2x1 lanes, of course...) by-passes Äänekoski, and then goes towards Oulu.

Towards north

After Äänekoski the road is pretty much the same all the way to Oulu: 2x1 old road. We pass the towns of Viitasaari, Pihtipuhdas, Pyhäjärvi, Kärsämäki and Tyrnävä, and then we find ourselves near Oulu.

Northern Finland

Motorway stretch starts near Oulu in Liminka, with a huge roundabout, where Road 8, old E75, E75 and E75 motorway cross. The by-pass of Oulu is a 37 Km long motorway, and it is planned to be continued south to Tyrnävä and north to Ii. The motorway by-passes suburbs like Liminka and Tyrnävä, and then it enters to Oulu. The road oldest part is the Oulujoki bridge, completed in 1967. The by-pass of Oulu is sometimes really congested, and it is planned to upgrade to 2x3 lanes on a stretch of ~15 Km. North of Oulu motorway continues to Haukipudas, where it turns to an 2x1-lane expressway. Further north it turns to a normal 2x1 road. It goes through such towns as Ii and Simo, towards Kemi.

Lapland

Kemi is a little city in coastal Lapland, with a population of ~25 000 persons. In Kemi there is running a huge road project. They are upgrading the road by-pass of Kemi to motorway, including a bridge across Kemijoki. The project will be completed in 2010. After Kemi the road goes towards Tornio, where we must turn right to continue towards Rovaniemi. Motorway continues as Road 29 to Tornio and Swedish border.

There is not very much population between Kemi and Rovaniemi. When we reach Rovaniemi, we can see as an 2x2 urban road stretch starts. Near downtown Rovaniemi this road has city motorway standards, but in it´s southern part it has grade intersections. Int he future this section will be improved to city motorway standrads and continued towards south.

After Rovaniemi we enter to real Lapland, and after not so much driving kilometres we cross the Polar circle, or Napapiiri in finnish. The paisage is beautiful: huge forests, rivers, huge lakes and mountains everywhere. But that´s not so amazing than the sightseeing of Lapland than we find when we go north of Sodankylä, when E75 meets Road 5 (E63).

Nature is impressing. We pass Ivalo and then Inari, with Inari lake in our right (eastern) side. After many driving kilometres we have in our left (western) side the Natural park of Kevo. And then we reach Tana river and Utsjoki. And then we are in Norway!

Notable sections

Motorway Kumpula-Porvoo motorway (Helsinki)
Completed: 1967, 1971
Lanes: 2x3 (future 2x4)
AADT: 50 000-90 000

Motorway Porvoo motorway-Road 152 (Helsinki and Vantaa)
Completed: 1973
Lanes: 2x2 (future 2x3)
AADT: 30 000-60 000

Motorway Road 152-Järvenpää
Completed: 1973
Lanes: 2x2
AADT: 20 000-40 000

Motorway Järvenpää-Lahti
Completed: 1998, 1999
Lanes: 2x2
AADT: 15 000-35 000

Motorway Lahti-Heinola
Completed: 1993, 1996, 2005
Lanes: 2x2
AADT: 15 000-25 000

--------------------------

Motorway Vaajakoski-Jyväskylä
Completed: 1977
Lanes: 2x2
AADT: 20 000-30 000

Motorway Jyväskylä-Kirri
Completed: 1989, 2005
Lanes: 2x2
AADT: 10 000-30 000

---------------------------

Motorway Liminka-Haukipudas
Completed: 1967, 1977, 1981, 1993, 1996, 2003
Lanes: 2x2 (future 2x3)
AADT: 10 000-60 000

---------------------------

Motorway Kemi-Tornio
Completed: 2001
Lanes: 2x2
AADT: 10 000-25 000

---------------------------

Rovaniemi by-pass
Completed: 1967, 1996
Lanes: 2x2
AADT: 10 000-30 000

Future motorway sections

- Vaajakoski motorway (southern extension)
- Jyväskylä-Äänekoski
- Oulu by-pass (southern and northern extensions)
- Kemi by-pass
- Rovaniemi by-pass (upgrading and southern extension)

Last edited by RV; June 16th, 2008 at 01:38 AM.
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Old March 9th, 2008, 03:40 PM   #55
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E18 is an important road that passes Finland from west to east. It is an important commercial route.

Turku metropolitan area

In Turku E18 has two alternative routes, a motorway to central Turku and Turku by-pass.

Central Turku:
E18 starts at Turku harbour. The route goes through such streets and avenues as Pansiontie (2x2 lanes), Ratapihankatu (2x2) and Helsinginkatu (2x2). The road passes under Aninkainen bridge, an important 2x3-laned street in central Turku, that supports 50 000 cars every day. After this interchange with Aninkainen bridge E18 turns in a wide 2x2-laned avenue, that goes through districts built in the 1940´s and 1950´s. Then the road passes Aurajoki on a bridge built in the 1990´s. After passing Aurajoki river E18 turns on an urban highway with 2 or 3 lanes in each directions. In the right (southern) side of the road is situated Turku university and Turku central hospital. After this, road goes into a short tunnel, and motorway starts.

In the other side E18 starts from Naantali harbour. It starts as a normal 2x1-lane road named Road 40 or Turku by-pass. Then it enters to Raisio, where it turns to a 2x2-lane highway with grade intersections. After passing Rauma motorway (E8/National road 8), that will be improved to motorway first to Nousiainen and later to Mynämäki, E18/Road 40 turns into a motorway-like 2x2/2x3-lane road. It passes National road 9/E63 (Tampere motorway), and National road 10 (Hämeenlinna road). Then it turns into a congested 2x1-lane road. There are plans to improve the road to 2x2-lane highway from Naantali to Raisio, from NR 10 to NR 1/E18 and from NR 1/E18 to old E18. Construction is expected to start 2010-2020. In the estern side of Turku, Road 40/E18 links with National road 1/E18 motorway.

In our right side runs old E18, that is an 2x2-laned urban highway build in the 1970´s. E18 used this route until motorway was completed in the late 1990´s.
Motorway by-passes Kaarina and Piikkiö, two towns/suburbs in the eastern side of Turku.

Varsinais-Suomi

Road continues trough fields and forests towards Salo. Salo by-pass was built as a 2x1-lane expressway in the 1970´s, and it was used in the 1990´s tu build the new motorway from Turku to Salo. After that motorway was continued to Muurla in the 2000´s. But after Muurla, E18 turns in a very low quality 2x1-lane road. Fortunately, motorway from Muurla to Lohja is under construction, and will be finished in November 2008.

Uusimaa and Helsinki metropolitan area

After this bad quality narrow road section of ~50 Km, Road connects to Lohja motorway, that will be part of E18 when motorway Lohja-Muurla is finished. Then E18 turns in a 2x2 motorway built in the 1960´s. E18 links in Palojärvi in Vihti with National road 2, an alternative road built in the 1970´s for the traffic from Helsinki to Pori. This road is a very congested 2x1-lane road. This is because they are imporving it into a 2x2-laned road with grade-separated interchanges, first to Nummela and later to Karkkila and even maybe to Forssa.

E18 or National road 1 is very congested from Palojärvi to Helsinki city center. To improve this, there are many road plans:

- 2x3 lanes from Munkkiniemi to Kehä I, expected starting 2010-2015
- 2x3 lanes from Kehä I to Kehä II, expected starting 2008
- 2x3 lanes from Kehä II to Hista (west from Kehä III), expected starting 2010-2015
- 2x3 lanes from Hista to Palojärvi/National road 2, expected starting 2010-2020

After this congested section of motorway we must turn to a ramp that goes to east to Ring road/Kehä III to continue E18.

In Espoo Kehä III is a good quality 2x2 motorway-like road. But when we enter to Vantaa, it turns to a really, really bad quality old 2x2 road with grade intersections. This road will be improved to a 2x3-lane city motorway. Works were expected to start in 2005, but nothing has happened since 2x3-section Airport-Tikkurila was finished. Now they expect works will start 2010-2015.

This section handles 90 000 daily vehicles, and passes such important roads as Vihti highway (will be improved to 2x2-lane highway north of Kehä III), E12/National road 3 (motorway towards Tampere that will be improved to 2x3 and 2x4-laned city motorway up to Nurmijärvi), and Airport highway (Will be improved to motorway), and passes important logistic and industrial areas.

After Airport interchange, E18 turns to a 2x3 and 2x4-lane city motorway, and passes important highways, like Tuusula motorway (will be improved to 2x3 lanes from Kehä I to Ilola, ~10 Km north of Kehä III), and Lahti motorway/E75. Then is turns to a quite narrow 2x2-lane highway with grade separated interchanges. It will be improved to 2x3 lanes in the future. But then traffic light-controlled intersections start again, and E18 goes towards Porvoo motorway/National road 7. This ring road section will be improved to 2x3 lanes, and they will build a new interchange to serv Jakomäki and interchange with Porvoo motorway will be rebuilt.

Eastern Uusimaa

Then E18 turns east to Porvoo motorway, while Kehä III continues towards Vuosaari new harbour.

Porvoo motorway is a quite good quality road built in the 1970´s. Recently Helsinki annexed part of Sipoo, and when residential construction starts in this area, traffic volumes will increase. That´s because it´s obvious that old E18 and E18 will be improved.

Old E18, that runs in our right (southern) side, is a congested 2x1 road. In Helsinki city proper it is firstly a 2x3-lane city motorway, then after Itäkeskus a 2x2 highway. But after Vartiokylä it turns to a narrow 2x1-lane road, which supports an AADT of 25 000 daily vehicles. Road supports heavy residential construction near of it, and it will be improved to a 2x2-lane urban highway from Vartiokylä to Kehä III and later through western Sipoo.

E18 motorway runs through Sipoo until it enters to Porvoo. There we can find a big industrial and logistical area, Kuninkaanportti, under construction. When it finishes, a new interchange will be built in the western side of E18/Road 55 interchange. Road 55 will be improved to 2x2 lanes to Kuninkaanportti.

E18 by-passes Porvoo and then goes towards Loviisa. Motorway goes through partially quite high hills and finishes in Koskenkylä, with interchange to National road 6 towards Kouvola. Then it turns to an 2x1-lane expressway that by-passes Loviisa. Then it turns to a normal 2x1-laned road that turns again into a very congested 2x1-laned expressway near Kotka. There are plans to build this road into a motorway between Koskenkylä and Kotka. Works are expected to start 2010-2015.

Eastern Finland

After this expressway section near Kotka road turns again in a 2x2-lane motorway that by-passes Kotka and goes through city center of Karhula, a former town that´s now a part of Kotka.

Motorway runs towards Hamina, when it turns again to a 2x1-road. It goes through Hamina city center, and it´s very congested. There are plans to build a huge by-pass for Hamina, that will containe many interchanges and two motorway tunnels. Construction is expected to start 2010-2015.

After Hamina, E18 turns into a 2x1-road famous for it´s really long lorry jams, that can be up to 70 Km long. There are plans to build this 40 Km section as a motorway, and construction is expected to be started 2010-2020. National road 7 ends in Vaalimaa, where E18 continues through Russian border to St. Petersburg.

Notable road sections

Motorway Turku-Muurla
Completed: 1997, 2003
Lanes: 2x2
AADT: 6 000-40 000

--------------------------

Motorway Lohja-Kehä III/Helsinki
Completed: 1962, 1968, 1971, 2005
Lanes: 2x2/2x3 (future 2x3/2x4)
AADT: 20 000-80 000

Kehä III NR 1-NR 7
Completed: 2x1 in 1962, 2x2 in many fases between 1970 and 1995
Lanes: 2x2/2x3/2x4 (future 2x3/2x4)
AADT: 30 000-90 000

Motorway Jakomäki/Kehä III-Porvoo
Completed: 1972, 1979
Lanes: 2x2
AADT: 20 000-40 000

Motorway Porvoo-Koskenkylä
Completed: 2002
Lanes: 2x2
AADT: 10 000-25 000

--------------------------

Motorway Kotka-Hamina
Completed: 1971, 1994
Lanes: 2x2
ADDT: 15 000-40 000

Future motorway sections

- Muurla-Lohja
- Kehä III
- Koskenkylä-Kotka
- Hamina by-pass
- Hamina-Vaalimaa/Russian border
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Old March 15th, 2008, 02:43 PM   #56
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Some pics from Länsiväylä motorway in Espoo, near Helsinki, taken in mid-february:










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Old March 15th, 2008, 03:08 PM   #57
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How old is that road actually? It looks quite dated.
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Old March 15th, 2008, 03:40 PM   #58
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Chriszwolle View Post
How old is that road actually? It looks quite dated.
That section was constructed in 1963, so you are quite right. However, it was reconstructed in te 1980´s.
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Old March 24th, 2008, 10:20 PM   #59
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Road 55 in Porvoo

E18 near Porvoo


Road 148 in Sipoo




E75 near Kerava

Kehä III/Ring road III








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Old March 24th, 2008, 10:28 PM   #60
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Nice pics, thanks. We haven't seen too much of Finnish motorways yet.
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