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Old November 7th, 2007, 05:24 PM   #1
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Wilmington, DE: Brandywine Village, East Brandywine

Brandywine Village is a neighborhood located on the north side of the Brandywine River, and it's center is where Market Street, Race Street, 18th Street, and Glen Avenue all intersect, near the Market Street Bridge and the Brandywine River.

Brandywine Village was originally separate from the city of Wilmington from it's settlement and first mill run in 1762 to 1869, when it was annexed into Wilmington. Brandywine Village has a rich milling history, and millers picked this site because it was where the Brandywine River stopped flowing downhill and became a tidal river. This allowed millers to not only take advantage of the water flowing downstream for their mills, but could also take advantage of of the tidal area that allowed for ships to sail up the Brandywine (via the Christina River) right up next to the mills. At it's height, Brandywine Village had a dozen mills lined up along the river, producing flour, grain, and textiles. Eventually, steam replaced water as a source of power, but industries stayed in the neighborhood well into the 20th century.

Looking up the Brandywine River at Brandywine Park from the Market Street Bridge.

Looking up Market Street from the Market Street Bridge. The Lea-Derickson House, built in 1770 and once a place where George Washington stayed, in the first house after you cross over the bridge.

Looking up Market Street from the Market Street Bridge.

18th century stone houses on Market Street dating back to when Brandywine Village was an independent settlement.

Historic houses on Market Street. The house on the left was built in 1770 and is known as the Joseph Tatnall House, and the house on the right was built in 1850 and is known as the Edward Tatnall House.

Artifacts found underground behind the Tatnall House when the house was being converted to senior living.

More historic stone houses on Market Street. The house on the left was built in 1800 and was the home of William Lea, who ran a mill firm along the river. The house on the right was also built in 1800 and was the home of Willam Smith, a shoemaker who provided leather products to the Brandywine Village mills. The attechment that connects the two was built in the last few years, and was previously the location of a Victorian house destroyed in the 1960's. The two houses and attachment are now the home of the Wilmington Senior Center.

The Superfine Lane Condominiums, on Superfine Lane and Race Street, on the Brandywine River. The Superfine condos were built in 1984 and incorporated the foundations of the old William Lea & Sons flour mill, which produced superfine flour. The Tatnall family had mills where the condo building in the background is located.

A building on Race Street left over from the William Lea & Sons flour mill. The building was built in 1840 and was used for sifting the flour.

The building on the right was built in 1990 for commercial use and was meant to look like it had existed for 150 years. It is located on Race Street next to the flour sifting building from 1840.

Brandywine Village Park, a pocket park located between Market, Race, & 19th Streets.

The Wilmington skyline from Brandywine Mills Park.

Brandywine Academy is located on Vandever Avenue and is the one of the oldest buildings in Brandywine Village. The structure dates back to 1798 and has been used as a school for Brandywine Hundred, a sunday school for mill workers' children, and a polling place.

Old wooden rowhouses on Buena Vista Street. These rowhouses date back to the 1870's and were the homes of mill workers.

Crack houses on 22nd Street at Lamotte Street, the most dangerous intersection in Wilmington.

The Wilmington Job Corps Center on Vandever Avenue. The building was built on an old factory site in 2004 and offers vocational training and GED education.

Rowhouses on Palmers Row, with the skyline in the background.

Faith Memorial Baptist Church at 22nd & Market Streets.

Businesses on Market Street. The Dr. Simon Miller House, built in 1775, is on the left.

The Cathedral Church of St. John, the seat of the Episcopal Diocese of Delaware, at Concord Avenue & Market Street.

Businesses and empty buildings on Market Street near Concord Avenue.

Rowhouses on 20th Street.

Rowhouses on 22nd Street.

Duplexes on West Street.

Rowhouses on 18th Street.

Rowhomes on Tatnall Street.

East Brandywine is a neighborhoods east of King Street, Market Street, and Center City. The neighborhood is sometimes called the Upper East Side, or is sometimes lumped in with the East Side neighborhood to the south. East Brandywine has historically been a lower class area. The neighborhood was a slum in the 1800's, and was home mainly to the workers to had jobs at the shipbuilding yards along the Christina River. In the late 1800's, immigrants settled in the area and in the East Side to the south. Blacks also moved in to this area, especially in the early 20th century. The neighborhood, along with the East Side, became more predominantly Black as immigrants moved to neighborhoods on the West Side of Wilmington.

The Wilmington Water Department Pumping Station, at 16th & Market Streets. The building was built in 1934 and was destroyed this past Summer to make way for other uses of the land.

The Wilmington Water Department Pumping Station along the Brandywine River.

St. Patrick's Roman Catholic Church on Market Street at 15th Street. St. Patrick's is the last parish in the Diocese of Wilmington to offer Latin Masses on a regular basis.

St. Patrick's Convent on 14th Street at French Street. The convent was built in 1927 and now functions as a general parish center.

St. Patrick's School on 14th Street is on the right. The school was built in 1895.

Rowhouses on French Street.

Rowhouses on 13th Street.

Howard High School of Technology, built in 1928 on Poplar Street and named after general Oliver Otis Howard. Howard is one of the more important schools in Black history in the region and even the nation. The school was the first secondary school for Blacks in the state of Delaware, set up in 1867. Howard High School was one of the 5 schools nationwide that was the subject of the 1954 "Brown vs. Board of Education" case that overturned the "separate but equal" clause and mandated desegregation. Previously, Blacks were bused to all-Black Howard High School, and could not attend all-White Claymont High School in nearby Claymont. This site is also famous because it was built on a set of rowhouses, one of which was the birthplace and home of Clifford Brown, considered to be one of the best jazz trumpters to live and one of the most influential people in jazz.

Rowhouses on Poplar Street, also called Clifford Brown Walk, at 12th Street.

Rowhomes on tiny Kennebec Street.

The Brandywine River Ballroom, housed in an old warehouse along the Brandywine River.

The skyline from Edwina B Kruse Children's Park at 14th & Poplar Streets.

Looking up the Brandywine River from the Pine Street Bridge. The Superfine Condos, built in the 1980's on old mill sites, are in the center.

Old industries along the Brandywine River at Jessup Street.

The Wilmington skyline from the Pine Street Bridge.

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Old November 7th, 2007, 07:00 PM   #2
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nice city
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