search the site
 daily menu » rate the banner | guess the city | one on oneforums map | privacy policy | DMCA | news magazine | posting guidelines

Go Back   SkyscraperCity > Continental Forums > Middle East > Local Forums > Iran > Infrastructure & Urban Issues > National Transportation and Infrastructure



Global Announcement

As a general reminder, please respect others and respect copyrights. Go here to familiarize yourself with our posting policy.


Reply

 
Thread Tools
Old August 4th, 2011, 04:37 AM   #1
ardeshir8
BANNED
 
Join Date: Mar 2011
Location: Shiraz
Posts: 861
Likes (Received): 17

[Iran] General Economy

Let's post news on Iran's general economy here.

Dissecting Iran’s Economic Jihad

Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Seyed Ali Khamenei has declared 2011 as the year of “economic jihad.”

Given Iran’s vast hydrocarbon reserves, among the world’s biggest, and its burgeoning industrial-technological complex, one of the largest among emerging economies, the country still represents a potential economic powerhouse in Asia.

Iran is maximizing its ties with major emerging economies across the globe. And it has introduced much-needed economic reform by restructuring its subsidy schemes, gradually privatizing its key economic sectors, and adopting a more conservative macroeconomic policy.

From 1990 to 2005, Iran’s annual real GDP growth hovered around seven percent. From 1990-2010, its nominal GDP increased from $84 billion to around $488 billion. Buoyant oil prices and expansion in trade with Europe and major Asian economies enabled Iran to rise into the ranks of middle-income countries.

One of the most impressive aspects of Iran is the striking improvement in education, health, rural development, and industrial expansion. Iran is among regional leaders in key social indicators.

According to the World Bank, “Iran’s social indicators are fairly high by regional standards. The poverty headcount rate was more than halved between 1998 and 2005, to 3.1 percent. Iran’s health outcomes have also improved greatly over the past twenty years, standing currently above regional averages.” In addition, “Iran has a large social protection system with some 28 social insurance, social assistance, and disaster relief programs benefiting large segments of the population.” Iran has one of the fastest rates of growth in the human development index (HDI), and it now ranks among high HDI countries like Lithuania, Malaysia, and Chile.

Iran’s family planning program in the past two decades has been considered international best practice: Iran managed to decrease the fertility rate from 4.8 to 1.8 births/woman during 1990-2008.

Rural development, eliminating extreme poverty, improving literacy rates, and bridging the urban-rural economic gap were all at the core of Iran’s revolutionary philosophy, which emphasized social equity and empowerment of the downtrodden.

Iran has also made great educational, technological, and industrial advancements. Iran is among the top 45 countries in terms of quality of math and science education, and its universities are considered among the best in many fields. Iran is the world leader in growth in scientific output, is among the top 20 countries in total volume of scientific output, and is a leader in cutting-edge industries like stem-cell research and nanotechnology. It is also one of the few countries to send a satellite into space.

Today, Iran manufactures most of its industrial and consumer needs, its car industry is among the world’s top 10, and its steel industry is in the top 20 countries in the world. Moreover, Iran’s annual rate of industrial growth is one of the highest among emerging markets.

According to Goldman Sachs, Iran’s GDP is projected to become the 12th largest in the world by 2025.


http://www.mojnews.com/en/Miscellane..._News&r=818500
ardeshir8 no está en línea   Reply With Quote

Sponsored Links
Old August 24th, 2011, 11:04 PM   #2
ardeshir8
BANNED
 
Join Date: Mar 2011
Location: Shiraz
Posts: 861
Likes (Received): 17

Iran's economic development plan

So far in 2011, Iran's economy has grown 23-percent. The country is implementing an economic development plan aimed at unlocking its full growth potential, and part of that is subsidy reform.

A bill commended by the International Monetary Fund. Iran is in transition, a massive economic surgery is underway. Billions of dollars are being redirected away from things like petrol to making this awesome change. Iran is an economy that has relied on its oil revenues for decades. But that too is something Tehran wants to alter. The IMF has estimated that in 2011, Iran could earn around 100 billion dollars in oil revenues. That's all very well. But how much of that oil will be exported and how much will be consumed domestically? That's what we'll be discussing in today's program.

Video:


http://presstv.com/Program/194828.html
ardeshir8 no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old August 24th, 2011, 11:09 PM   #3
ardeshir8
BANNED
 
Join Date: Mar 2011
Location: Shiraz
Posts: 861
Likes (Received): 17

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OkEe-...el_video_title
ardeshir8 no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old August 25th, 2011, 12:29 AM   #4
SoroushPersepolisi
Moderator
 
SoroushPersepolisi's Avatar
 
Join Date: Apr 2010
Location: Tehran
Posts: 14,674
Likes (Received): 4652

LOL economy up by 23%? while suicide rates due to poverty are skyrocketing in iran??
__________________
See TEHRAN, The Capital of IRAN
SoroushPersepolisi no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old August 25th, 2011, 12:56 AM   #5
Nimaa
BANNED
 
Join Date: Jun 2011
Posts: 653
Likes (Received): 3

Quote:
Originally Posted by SoroushPersepolisi View Post
LOL economy up by 23%? while suicide rates due to poverty are skyrocketing in iran??
Iran's economy is growing
The IMF has confirmed this. Oil prices are going up again and are already twice what they were two years ago. Iran's non-oil exports are higher as well.
Nimaa no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old August 25th, 2011, 03:33 AM   #6
SoroushPersepolisi
Moderator
 
SoroushPersepolisi's Avatar
 
Join Date: Apr 2010
Location: Tehran
Posts: 14,674
Likes (Received): 4652

yea so what when the condition of the people gets worse?

the ultimate goal for an economy is to feed citizens, not to just create numbers
__________________
See TEHRAN, The Capital of IRAN
SoroushPersepolisi no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old August 25th, 2011, 03:54 AM   #7
Nimaa
BANNED
 
Join Date: Jun 2011
Posts: 653
Likes (Received): 3

Quote:
Originally Posted by SoroushPersepolisi View Post
yea so what when the condition of the people gets worse?

the ultimate goal for an economy is to feed citizens, not to just create numbers
listen, you need to be rational when it comes to measuring the strength of a country's economy. Yes, unemployent went up in Iran so technically people are worse off this year compared to last year but at the same time inflation went down a lot.
Also when both oil and non-oil income of the country is going to increase this year, then unemplyment will either stay the same or it's going to go down. At the same time you need to look 5 years or 10 years down the line. Over the next 10-15 years Iran is going to experience nearly the same growth that Turkey experienced over the past decade. We're going to start exporting natural gas to Pakistan next year and if we can get India and China on board than we'll be doubling our current petro income easily. At the same time our non-oil is increasing each year. I'm very optimistic about the economy.
Nimaa no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old August 25th, 2011, 06:59 AM   #8
SoroushPersepolisi
Moderator
 
SoroushPersepolisi's Avatar
 
Join Date: Apr 2010
Location: Tehran
Posts: 14,674
Likes (Received): 4652

yes i am being fairly emotional, you are right

its a long process

but are you comparing turkey's government with iran's? its a reasonable comparison, but there are differences that again, might not be easy to bring ration with, but are evident

torkiye pule mardomesho be amdazeye ina nemikeshe bala, beheshun mirese

iran's economy is a downwards pyramid, meaning money comes from above to the lower, all the industry and economical activity is in the hands of a closed circuit, the way it makes its way to the common person is the issue

irans economy and indistry is growing and its evident

beek (valy) be jayi bayad berese ke dasto paye mardom dolato becharkhune, na dolat mardomo
__________________
See TEHRAN, The Capital of IRAN
SoroushPersepolisi no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old August 25th, 2011, 10:56 AM   #9
ardeshir8
BANNED
 
Join Date: Mar 2011
Location: Shiraz
Posts: 861
Likes (Received): 17

I think nobody can say Iran's economy is great, but is also not bad. At least we do not have recessions and debts like the Westerners.

We need more non-oil exports. This year it will be 45 billion. Over the next year it will increase to 80 billion. Our economy is still depended on the oil price which is dangerous.
ardeshir8 no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old August 25th, 2011, 04:00 PM   #10
SoroushPersepolisi
Moderator
 
SoroushPersepolisi's Avatar
 
Join Date: Apr 2010
Location: Tehran
Posts: 14,674
Likes (Received): 4652

we dont have recession, not because we are stronger than the west though

anyway
hopefully one day we will be number 1 in the world
__________________
See TEHRAN, The Capital of IRAN
SoroushPersepolisi no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old August 25th, 2011, 04:17 PM   #11
sarbaze tabarestan
BANNED
 
Join Date: Aug 2008
Location: Tehran
Posts: 1,694
Likes (Received): 64

Iran miduni chera ghule?chonma ham tolide dakheli dari-ham ye jamiate jawuni ke eshghe masraf wa khaejkardane.Dolatam daramadesh dar salhaye ayande ajib mire bala ba ghat kardane jarane ha wa darmadi ke az pasre junubi ezafe mishe.hata ma yek ghatre naftam nasdashte bashim parse junubi kole irano sir mikone--che berese ke ma dar shkheshaye dge ham darim ajib rosht mikonim.hamin iran khodra ta 6sal dge hamintor rosht mikone.Irane 2020 ye ghule jahani mishe.2015 shuru mishe ke donya miad mige be iran babre khawarmiane.hala bebin.Iran eyne torkye 10 sale pish.ama 10 sal dge ma az torkye jol mizanim--chon nafto gas ham darim.Aslan transite kala az tarafe iran 1000 darsadi rosht mikone.Makhsusan Chabahar ra biofte wa be raahan wasl beshe.
sarbaze tabarestan no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old September 4th, 2011, 09:48 AM   #12
ardeshir8
BANNED
 
Join Date: Mar 2011
Location: Shiraz
Posts: 861
Likes (Received): 17

EU Boosts Imports from Iran by 28% despite Sanctions

TEHRAN (FNA)- The European Union increased its imports from Iran by 28% in June 2011 despite the unilateral embargos imposed by the US and its European allies against Iran, a report by Eurostat said.



According to Eurostat estimates, the 27-memebr bloc imported 1.708 billion euros worth of goods from Iran in June, showing a 28% growth compared with the value of imports in May.

The report added that the European Union's exports to Iran amounted to 807 million euros in the same month.

The report added that the total value of trade exchanges between Tehran and the EU amounted to 2.515 billion euros during the said period.

http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.php?nn=9006130032
ardeshir8 no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old September 5th, 2011, 12:24 AM   #13
ardeshir8
BANNED
 
Join Date: Mar 2011
Location: Shiraz
Posts: 861
Likes (Received): 17

Iran's GDP to Increase 2% in Current Year
The real gross domestic production (GDP) of Iran will show 2 percent growth in the current year, The Economist predicted.

In its August version, Economist reported that Iran's real GDP growth will stand at 2% in 2011 adding that the figure in 2010 reached 2.9%.
In 2012, the figure will increase to 2.2% and in 2013 and 2014 to 2.5%.
According to the report, Iran's GDP will increase to 2.8% in 2015.

http://www.mojnews.com/en/Miscellane..._News&r=833797
ardeshir8 no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old September 5th, 2011, 12:26 AM   #14
ardeshir8
BANNED
 
Join Date: Mar 2011
Location: Shiraz
Posts: 861
Likes (Received): 17

Iran’s capital market value hits $116b

TEHRAN – The value of Iran’s capital market reached some 1,240 trillion rials (around $116 billion), the Securities and Exchange Organization’s director announced here on Sunday.

“Taking the over-the-counter market (OTC) into account, the capital market value stands at 1,450 trillion rials (some $136 billion),” Mehr news agency quoted Ali Saleh-Abadi as saying.

Tehran Stock Exchange's main index (TEPIX) has grown to date around 12 percent in the current Iranian calendar year (started on March 21) compared to the year before, he added.

The growth of Iran’s capital market was 3 percent in 2009, which rose to 67 percent in 2010.

In 2008, the global financial slump negatively affected all the world’s financial markets, but Iran’s stock exchange remained harmless from the crisis and showed a considerable growth, he further said.
The TSE has placed at the top of the index performance list of the 52 members of the World Federation of Exchanges (WFE) during the year ended July 2011.

According to the latest report of the WFE, over the past year (July 2010-July 2011), index of TSE has placed at the top of the performance list with 58% growth among the other exchanges across the world, Mehr news agency reported last week.

The current value of the TSE in the first seven months of 2011 with 41% growth placed on sixth rank among the world's top Stock Exchanges, the report added.

In the first seven months of 2011, trade volume at Tehran’s Stock Exchange has grown 13%, so the TSE placed at the 16th rank of the top international reputable Stock Exchanges.

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) said that Iran’s capital market is going ahead without any bubble, indicating that sanctions have no negative impact on the TSE.

The IMF in the report entitled “Islamic Republic of Iran: Selected Issues Paper”, presented a rosy view about Iran’s capital market.

The report, which was published in August, announced that sanctions have boosted earnings of several leading listed companies in the TSE.

http://www.tehrantimes.com/index.php...lue-hits-116b-
ardeshir8 no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old September 8th, 2011, 06:24 AM   #15
ardeshir8
BANNED
 
Join Date: Mar 2011
Location: Shiraz
Posts: 861
Likes (Received): 17

Iran's Bourse: Hallmark of Iranian economy

Video:


Buying stocks and bonds is one way ordinary people, as well as big time investors; help secure the constant flow of goods and services from one place to another.


Since Iran's government started encouraging privatization in 2004, the country's 40 year old bourse has gained support. People have started buying up shares instead of putting their capital into land and gold as was customary. From July 2010 to July 2011, Tehran's stock exchange Index had a 58.5 percent spike, becoming the world's 6th in Index growth according to the World Federation of Exchanges. Iran's trade volume increased by 13.4 percent as well, becoming the world's 16th in that category. . In this edition of the show we will be analyzing Iran's Bourse, the factors that influence it, and the government's activities in the way of strengthening it.

http://presstv.com/Program/197870.html
ardeshir8 no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old September 8th, 2011, 11:30 AM   #16
ardeshir8
BANNED
 
Join Date: Mar 2011
Location: Shiraz
Posts: 861
Likes (Received): 17

Ahmadinejad promess to decrease inflation

Speaking in the gathering with workers on Wednesday 6 September , Ahmadinejad promise to decrease the inflation rate , to under 10 per cent.


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UqmSv...layer_embedded
ardeshir8 no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old September 13th, 2011, 02:34 AM   #17
Persan
Moderator
 
Persan's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2006
Posts: 1,245
Likes (Received): 82

VESTAMONITOR's report on Iran's Economy

VestaMonitor's New Report on Iran's Economy
A “rentier economy” is possibly the best description that can be given to the Iranian economy today. In general, countries that receive considerable amounts of oil income from foreign sources on a regular basis tend to become independent from their societies, unaccountable to their citizens, and despotic. The Iranian economy has adopted a rentier character. If not prevented, it will doom the country’s economy and long-term prospects.

[ THE REPORT ]
Something a bit different from the rosy picture painted by the PRESS TV and FARSNEWS links posted above. As I've been saying for a long time, Iran's economy is in serious trouble!
__________________
"My main mistake was to have made an ancient people advance by forced marches toward independence, health, culture, affluence and comfort." - MRP
Persan no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old September 13th, 2011, 05:47 AM   #18
Nimaa
BANNED
 
Join Date: Jun 2011
Posts: 653
Likes (Received): 3

Quote:
Originally Posted by Persan View Post
VestaMonitor's New Report on Iran's Economy
A “rentier economy” is possibly the best description that can be given to the Iranian economy today. In general, countries that receive considerable amounts of oil income from foreign sources on a regular basis tend to become independent from their societies, unaccountable to their citizens, and despotic. The Iranian economy has adopted a rentier character. If not prevented, it will doom the country’s economy and long-term prospects.

[ THE REPORT ]
Something a bit different from the rosy picture painted by the PRESS TV and FARSNEWS links posted above. As I've been saying for a long time, Iran's economy is in serious trouble!
lmao
baba, give it a rest

I can't believe you are actually comparing the IMF to that nobody consulting group. We have managed to have a higher growth rate than Saudi Arabia in the past 15 years without ever having a single recesion during this period. KSA exports FOUR TIMES more oil than us and is not under any sanctions.




I put up the 52 page IMF report. Did you read it?
Nimaa no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old September 13th, 2011, 06:57 AM   #19
QWECXZ
Registered User
 
QWECXZ's Avatar
 
Join Date: Apr 2010
Location: Tehran
Posts: 718
Likes (Received): 11

It’s difficult to isolate Iran with a huge economy: analyst

TEHRAN– A senior international analyst says, “It is difficult to isolate a huge economy like Iran's.”

“Iran has learned to live with sanctions,” Alexander Rahr, director of the Russian/Eurasia Program, tells Tehran Times in an exclusive interview.

Rahr also says, “The era of capitalism seems is coming to an end” and predicts that a new leftist movement “will emerge in the next decade and correct the capitalistic model.”

Following is the text of the interview:

Q: The U.S. economy is currently experiencing its worst crisis since the Great Depression. What are the reasons behind this recession?

A: We could talk in length about the failures of the governments of George W. Bush and Barack H. Obama in handling the crisis. The main criticism is this: the U.S. government was and is unable to regulate the country's banking sector and control financial speculations. It also has no tradition of social politics. But the U.S. was always like that, the Americans prefer an economy of laissez-faire. Americans have a liberal-economic model; they care little for social issues as the Europeans do. The interests of the powerful economic groups, particularly in the financial sector, are so strong in the U.S. that the government can't restrict them. Now the U.S. relies on the future strength of the dollar in the global financial system. Washington will fight for the preservation of all present "rules of the game" in the WTO and elsewhere. It needs other countries to repair their economy.

Q: S&P recently downgraded U.S. credit rating. Is this an indication that recovery of the U.S. economy is becoming harder and harder?

A: The debt problem is real in the U.S. No one understands how future governments will handle this. It seems logical that the U.S. restrict its funding, particularly for military spending. Analysts think that the U.S. will become more isolationist in the near future.

Q: Does the rise in gold prices indicate that the world economy is entering another recession?

A: Too early to say. The potentials in the world to reverse global recession are high. What is important that all countries of the globe are cooperating together in the crisis. That had not been the case in the past. Institutions like the IMF and the G20 will act as global governments in the crisis. I think rich countries are eager to show much more solidarity with poorer ones than the past. These all are positive indications that the world community will find ways to repair the existing financial model of the planet.

Q: Do you think the failure of Western governments’ economic policies was responsible for the 2008 financial meltdown?

A: It was less a failure of the individual governments but the greed of "hawks" in the financial systems. The world had amassed more and more wealth and achieved prosperity since the end of World War II and after the demise of Communism in 1991. People in the West thought that economic growth and personal wealth could be sustained forever. The crisis is also a matter of morale. Individualism of the liberal model of the West has reached certain limits. The era of capitalism seems is coming to an end. A new leftist movement - but definitely not a neo-communism - will emerge in the next decade and correct the capitalistic model.

Q: Many analysts say that the rising energy prices can push the world economy again into a new economic crisis. Please explain.

A: The energy prices will stay high because the resources are shortened. Energy products are located in fewer and fewer regions. Those countries that possess them will definitely play a more vigorous political role than in the past decades. The control over energy export routes will be key for energy security for all continents. Therefore energy will become an expensive product. But they will not provoke a major crisis in the West. The U.S. and the EU always find ways to diversify their energy imports.

Q: What are the reasons behind the recent slump in the global stock markets? And how the super-rich are still making money in this market crisis?

A: Again a question of morale and limits of the present global financial mechanisms. While in the 20th century leaders of capitalism were afraid of a communist alternative, they have no rivalry to fear now. So they become more arrogant.

Q: Do you think that dollar will lose its value further against other currencies?

A: The world is not interested today in a weak dollar, neither the EU nor China. In the long run, the dollar will definitely lose its present status as world currency.

Q: What's your prediction of the U.S. economy in regard to Obama's policies?

A: Obama has 1.5 years to explain to his people that America must learn to live according to different social standards. In fact, he is trying to transfer the EU's social-economic model on the U.S. but faces enormous resistance from those who are against any change in the U.S. way of life.

Q: Do you agree with this view that the Group of 20 leading and emerging nations has not done enough to correct global imbalances?

A: Right now, the G20 is still in the making. The old Western countries would like to keep the G8 as world government. The initial crisis was over soon; in 2010 everywhere recovery was felt. Now the world is again facing signs of depression. The G20 will become again important, when leading Western countries realize that the world is more complex, multi-polar, and requires cooperation from countries like BRICS.

Q: The IMF and the World Bank failed to predict global economic recession? Isn’t it the time to restructure these two international bodies and increase the role of developing countries in decision-making?

A: The restructuring of the IMF is a must, but the U.S. and the EU are reluctant to do it fast. The developing countries have no strong common forum to make their claims for more participation in the leadership.

Q: Isn’t it better that the United States take austerity measures to resolve its debt crisis?

A: The U.S. mentality is against austerity policies. Obama thinks that the economy can only recover if more money leads to more consumption. At the moment, the U.S. has no other options on the agenda. The devaluation of the dollar helps the U.S. to get rid partly of its global debt. The EU will accept this, China will be angry but has no leverage to prevent this policy.

Q: Why the U.S. is the largest debtor in the world?

A: Because the world has accepted the dollar as the world currency and thus U.S. leadership in the global economy.

Q: What role can OPEC play in the oil market especially as Saudi Arabia is acting unilaterally and raising its oil output?

A- OPEC will stay strong in the next 20 years, until the oil peak will be reached. Saudi Arabia's dominance in this organization is a fact, but based on the fast resources in this country.

Q: Despite huge sanctions on Iran’s oil industry the Islamic Republic is still the second largest oil exporter within OPEC? What are the reasons for this?

A: I think it is difficult to isolate such a huge economy like Iran's from the world. As you know, not all neighbors of Iran support Western sanctions against Tehran and rather prefer to continue business as usual.

Q: Can the oil market ignore Iran’s oil supply? What will be the effects of a possible cut of Iranian oil on the global energy prices?

A: Despite what I said before that it is impossible to isolate Iran, one should also not overestimate Iran's oil factor. The Western embargo against Iranian oil is serious. Iran lacks the money from export to modernize its oil economy. Tehran may rely on China in future, but - as we know - Chinese pay different prizes than Western companies.

Q: Iran has daringly undertaken major economic reforms which can give an enormous boost to the national economy in the long run. What’s your assessment?

A: Iran has 70 Million people - it is a big economy. It surely found a successful way to overcome the grievances of the past crisis after the Iranian revolution. But Iran would do even better if the country's economy would be more openly cooperating with other world economies.

Q: Have sanctions affected Iran’s economy?

A: Yes, because Iran could have earned much more money through cooperation with leading Western countries and use that capital to modernize its industrial basis.

Q: Do you agree that Iran’s economy has become immune to sanctions?

A: A country like Iran cannot be totally isolated. Iran has learned to live with sanctions. It has a huge domestic market.

http://www.tehrantimes.com/index.php...conomy-analyst
QWECXZ no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old September 13th, 2011, 05:43 PM   #20
Persan
Moderator
 
Persan's Avatar
 
Join Date: Dec 2006
Posts: 1,245
Likes (Received): 82

Quote:
Originally Posted by Nimaa View Post
I put up the 52 page IMF report. Did you read it?
I read the entire IMF report before you even asked me to read it and that's why I said that all the data is from the Islamic Republic. I even put pictures of the IMF report which proved the data came from the IRI.

I don't see how comparing Iran with KSA proves that Iran is doing better. This is to be expected based on Iran's size and population.

Look, my intention is not to put Iran down, but to highlight the potential that our nation has missed with the IRI.
__________________
"My main mistake was to have made an ancient people advance by forced marches toward independence, health, culture, affluence and comfort." - MRP
Persan no está en línea   Reply With Quote


Reply

Thread Tools

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off

Related topics on SkyscraperCity


All times are GMT +2. The time now is 11:11 PM.


Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.11 Beta 4
Copyright ©2000 - 2017, vBulletin Solutions Inc.
Feedback Buttons provided by Advanced Post Thanks / Like (Pro) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2017 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.

vBulletin Optimisation provided by vB Optimise (Pro) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2017 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.

SkyscraperCity ☆ In Urbanity We trust ☆ about us | privacy policy | DMCA policy

Hosted by Blacksun, dedicated to this site too!
Forum server management by DaiTengu