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Old December 15th, 2007, 07:02 PM   #1
PejatBR
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Oscar Niemeyer the greatest architect in the history of Brazil completes today 100 years.

I did not know where to place the SSC this thread, so I put it here, I hope it is the right place.

BIOGRAPHY
Oscar de Almeida Ribeiro, Niemeyer Soares (Rio de Janeiro, December 15, 1907) is a Brazilian architect considered one of the most influential names in the international Modern Architecture. It was pioneer in the exploration of the possibilities of constructive and plastic reinforced concrete.

Born in the then capital of Brazil on a street that later receive the name of his grandfather Ribeiro de Almeida, Minister of the Federal Supreme Court, spent his youth as a young Rio typical of the time: boêmio, without the slightest concern for the direction of his life . He was educated at 21 years, same age with that home with Annita Baldo, the daughter of Italian immigrants from the province of Padua, with whom he had only one daughter, Anna Maria Niemeyer. Niemeyer has five grandchildren, thirteen bisnetos and four trinetos.

After marriage feels the weight of responsibility that was given to you and decides work and continue their studies. He begins working in the printing workshop father and join the National School of Fine Arts, which leaves trained as an engineer architect in 1934. At the time was facing financial difficulties, but still has work without pay in the office, Lucio Costa and Carlos Leon He felt dissatisfied with the architecture that route in the street and believed to find answers to their questions from students with them.

In 1945, as an architect with a name, filia to the PCB. It has always been a strong supporter of his position as stalinista. During several years of the military dictatorship in Brazil self-exilou itself in France. A minister of Aeronautics of the time say that "place of communist architect is in Moscow." Visited the Soviet Union, met with various leaders and socialists was personal friend of some of them. Fidel Castro had said about him: "Niemeyer and I are the last communist on this planet."

Projects of Niemeyer :

BRASILIA

National Congress


Cathedral of Brasilia


JK's museum


National Museum


Palace of the President of the republic

Last edited by PejatBR; December 15th, 2007 at 07:11 PM.
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Old December 15th, 2007, 07:17 PM   #2
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SÃO PAULO

Copan Building


Oca and theater at the Ibirapuera park


Theater






Memorial Latin America


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Old December 15th, 2007, 08:25 PM   #3
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Brazilian Pride! Congratulations to this wonderful architect who's still with us in his 100th birthday.
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Old December 15th, 2007, 08:27 PM   #4
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He is one of the greatest :]

Happy 100th Oscar !
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Old December 15th, 2007, 08:45 PM   #5
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Curitiba - Brazil

Oscar Niemeyer Museum



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Old December 15th, 2007, 10:21 PM   #6
PejatBR
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MAC Niterói




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Old December 15th, 2007, 11:00 PM   #7
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Great Architect but terrible urbanist, anyway Happy Birthday Oscar!
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Old December 16th, 2007, 12:35 AM   #8
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From The Financial Times:

Happy century, dear Oscar
By Edwin Heathcote

The man of whom Fidel Castro once said: "Oscar Niemeyer and I are the last Communists on this planet" celebrates his 100th birthday today.

Niemeyer, the charismatic architect of Brasilia, is a great survivor, perhaps the greatest architect alive. When I visited his Rio studio overlooking the beach, he told me that he has lasted so well because "other architects look to the right angle and the straight line, I always design with the mountains of Rio in my eyes. Mine is an architecture of curves, the body of a woman, the sinuous rivers, the waves of the sea." As he spoke, he sketched.

I expected to see an exotic building emerge from the lines; instead I got the flowing outline of a reclining nude.

He is keenly aware of his stature and has long lived his own legend. He speaks in strangely familiar quotes that you know have done the rounds, yet are delivered with charisma and charm. The wizened old man, sucking on a big cigar probably sent to him by his friend Fidel Castro, was one of the first superstar architects, a precedent for the jet-setting starchitects of today.

Niemeyer, who was born in Rio de Janeiro on December 15, 1907, was already an established and respected architect at the moment when Brazil's President Juscelino Kubitschek was searching for a new definition of the country, a new capital to supplant the colonial cities and a new image for the nation. It was also a time when Brazilian architects latched on to the modernism of Europe and ran with it, often surpassing it.

From his Brazilian Pavilion at New York's 1939 World's Fair and the undulating reinforced concrete roof of his church in Pampulha to his collaboration with Le Corbusier on the United Nations Building in New York, Niemeyer had pioneered a modernism less obsessed with functionalism than its European counterpart. His was an architecture more concerned with expressive form, fluidity and structural acrobatics than with asceticism and restraint.

It was also lyrical and beautiful, uplifting in a way in which Bauhaus buildings with their clinical efficiency and cold beauty rarely were. His biggest moment, however, came with his friendship with Kubitschek, who commissioned him in the 1950s to create the city's official architecture. His gorgeous government buildings and the crowning cathedral set a joyous precedent for a city.

He suffered a painful period beginning only a year after the inauguration of Brasilia in 1960 when the military staged a coup leaving the dedicated communist architect a marginal figure. In 1965, he moved to Paris, where he designed international projects from Madeira to Malaysia, although his best-known building from this period remains the superb HQ for the French Communist Party centred on its sparkling domed hall.

The fall of the dictatorship in the 1980s saw a return to his beloved Rio, and instead of sinking into a deserved retirement he embarked on a wave of ambitious and radical buildings.

Among these is the extraordinary art gallery at Niteroi, near Rio. It is one of the most dysfunctional gallery buildings I have ever seen. A flying saucer volume gives curving walls and a continuous strip window against which hanging is impossible and lighting dreadful. Yet it is also one of the most beautiful and genuinely affecting structures I have experienced, almost viscerally moving, sitting lightly upon and working together with the seductively beautiful coast. In 2003, he built a striking and hugely successful pavilion for the Serpentine Gallery in London. Last year saw the opening of two more Niemeyer structures in Brasilia, the National Museum and Library and, at the age of 98, he also got married again (his bride was 90).

Niemeyer's architecture has passed in and out of fashion but has proved hugely influential. Contemporary architects from Zaha Hadid to Rem Koolhaas have been inspired and encouraged by his daring and his quest for an extravagant but humane beauty.

"Architecture," Niemeyer told me in his beautiful 1930s studio overlooking the beach at Ipanema, "is not really important. Life is what is important. And it goes by so fast."

Not that fast, Oscar. Happy Birthday.
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Old December 16th, 2007, 01:21 AM   #9
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He's fantastic! Happy birthday Niemeyer! Thanks for your architecture!
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Old December 16th, 2007, 02:53 AM   #10
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Oscar Niemeyer: Real Inspiration
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Old December 17th, 2007, 03:49 PM   #11
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Great architect, great person, great life!

congratulations, Niemeyer
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Old December 17th, 2007, 03:57 PM   #12
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A true master, one of the last great masters of architecture
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Old December 17th, 2007, 04:19 PM   #13
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Old December 19th, 2007, 03:28 AM   #14
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Happy Birthday, to South Americas first Modernist.
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Old December 20th, 2007, 08:37 AM   #15
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Wow 100 years! I didn't know he was THAT old.
I love his work. Brasilia is one of the most beautiful capital cities in the world.
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