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Old January 14th, 2016, 02:38 AM   #321
tjrgx
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Proliferation of Eurasian Cargo Railways Worries Air Freight Companies

http://www.silkroadreporters.com/201...ght-companies/

Long distance global shipping of merchandise is divided between maritime transport, railways and air freight. Prices for these services run from cheapest to most expensive, respectively.

China, which in the past two decades has risen to become the workshop of the world, uses all three modalities. The slow emergence of a skein of Eurasian rail links, combined with a government policy of shifting new industrial plant into the country’s relatively underdeveloped Western provinces, is altering the transportation matrix for Chinese goods reaching Europe, and the improvement of rail services across Eurasia now has air freight companies worried about losing market share.

China’s interest in sending goods to Europe via rail is longstanding, predating the 1991 collapse of the USSR. In 1990 China added a link between its rail system and the Trans-Siberian Railway via Kazakhstan, and in July 1991, China sent its first freight train to Kazakhstan’s then-capital, Almaty. The following year, China sent its first freight train across the post-Soviet space, but economic and political turmoil then reduced subsequent rail traffic to a trickle.

In January 2008, China and Germany inaugurated the first China-Europe long-distance freight train service. The route runs between Beijing and Hamburg, with the trains traveling 6,210 miles from Xiangtan in Hunan Province via the Trans-Mongolian line to Ulaanbaatar, where it then continues north to the Trans-Siberian Railway. After reaching the end of the Trans-Siberian at Moscow, the train continues to Germany via rail links in Belarus and Poland. Total transit time is 15 days.

As for the future, China’s Eurasian rail investments include high-speed rail (HSR), a transport innovation that did not so much as exist in China a decade ago. Developing a HSR network at home with an eye to selling it abroad is part of the Chinese government’s efforts to shift its exports from low-technology and labor intensive products to more high-tech products, emphasizing China’s ability to shift up the technology ladder.

China opened its HSR network in 2007. Since then, Beijing has spent $514 billion building roughly 8,000 miles of HSR track and intends to double that before the end of the decade. Chinese Prime Minister Li Keqiang, dubbed “the railway salesman” by the Chinese media, has successfully secured contracts in Europe, Africa, and Southeast Asia.

Not content with a domestic high-speed grid and profitable foreign railway contracts, Beijing is considering both funding and building HSR lines from western China through post-Soviet Central Asia to Europe. China’s Eurasian rail plans face immense challenges, which include persuading Central Asian states in the construction of new lines to shift from Soviet-gauge 1,520 mm tracks to the standard 1,435 mm gauge tracks used in China, Europe, and much of the rest of the world, along with significant security, diplomatic, financial, and technical hurdles.

Despite these roadblocks, the increasing volume and competitiveness of China’s Eurasian long-distance rail freight traffic to Europe has set off alarm bells in the air freight industry. Earlier this month, European Shippers’ Council air freight policy advisor Joost van Doesburg asserted that the air cargo industry needs fundamental shifts in its business model, as its current business model is not sustainable, and that the industry needs a radical re-think. Van Doesburg remarked, “When you look at the current situation – overcapacity, ocean freight becoming cheaper and cheaper and now rail between Asia and Europe, I can only conclude that air freight is in a structural crisis.”

Similar warnings were issued at the Caspian Air Cargo event in Baku. On October 8 the DHL Global Forwarding for Eastern Europe CEO Kerem Inanç cautioned delegates that, as customers put higher importance on lowering carbon dioxide emissions and that concern combined with costs continuing to pressure industries, rail transport would become a growing challenge to air cargo. Inanç remarked, “The rail connection is with fast trains, and it is developing quickly. It is finding acceptance among many customers.” Inanç dismissed the perception that the only Chinese manufactures transported by rail from China were low-margin products typically carried by sea. Inanç pointedly told delegates that secure, electronically sealed, temperature-controlled containers meant that high-value goods and even perishable life-science products could now be safely transported on the ever-improving Eurasian rail network.

Rounding out those issuing warnings was a rail transport executive that stands to benefit from the change. Darryl Hadaway, chief financial officer of Non Vessel Operating Common Carriers (NVOCC) start-up Silk Route Rail remarked, “I don’t see rail really competing with ocean but definitely with air. We think it will take 1% possibly of sea freight but maybe up to 10% of the air freight.”

The critical country in China’s Eurasian railway plans is Kazakhstan, and two recent events illustrate Astana’s interest in participating in China’s “One Belt, One Road” program.

In July, Khorgos Eastern Gateway, built by Kazakhstan Temir Zholy (KZT) state railway company started operations. A train station at Kazakhstan’s Altynkol provided the only passage for cargo shipment at the border prior to the opening of Khorgos Eastern Gateway, located near the Kazakh-Chinese border. The Khorgos Eastern Gateway project includes a Special Economic Zone (SEZ), which has turned the surrounding area into a logistics center and an industrial production zone, attracting Chinese capital. In a measure of Chinese interest in Khorgos Eastern Gateway, in September Jiangsu province signed an agreement to invest $600 million over next five years in the Khorgos Eastern Gate SEZ, which houses the dry port. Since opening, Khorgos Eastern Gateway has handled 162 trains and 8,532 twenty-foot equivalent units (TEU) of container throughput, with volumes rising every day.

In another sign of Kazakh confidence in the future of its role in Eurasia’s developing railway network, despite the country’s economic downturn due to depressed global oil prices, on October 16 KTZ’s press service announced that the Aktobe Rail and Section Works (ARBZ) produced the first tranche of domestically produced train rails, “a significant event” in the history of Kazakhstan’s industrial development.

ARBZ’s production capacity is 430,000 tons of steel per year and it has begun producing hardened 120-metre, R65 mark rails created for HSR, along with producing 230,000 tons of rolled steel beams, angles, and channels.
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Old January 29th, 2016, 06:13 PM   #322
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First container train links China to Middle East

First container train links China to Middle East

http://www.chinadaily.com.cn/china/2...t_23301073.htm

The first regular container train linking China to the Middle East pulls out of the west railway station of Yiwu, east China's Zhejiang Province, Jan. 28, 2016. The train will exit China through Alataw Pass in northwest China's Xinjiang and pass through Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan before reaching its destination Tehran, capital of Iran, completing a 14-day and 10,399-kilometer journey.





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Old March 27th, 2016, 09:31 PM   #323
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First regular cargo train between China, Kazakhstan returns to Xi'an



A cargo train arrived at northwest China's Xi'an city on Saturday, carrying 2,000 tonnes of organic cooking oil imported from Kazakhstan
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Old April 7th, 2016, 07:01 AM   #324
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First freight train links China's Wuhan, France




First freight train links China's Wuhan, France

WUHAN, April 6, 2016 (Xinhua) -- A freight train heading to Lyons of France sets off from Wujiashan Railway Center in Wuhan, capital of central China's Hubei Province, April 6, 2016. The train, which is loaded with mechanical, electronic and chemical products, marks the opening of the Wuhan-Lyons freight train. The train will travel 16 days and run 11,300 kilometers before arriving at Lyons. (Xinhua/Xiao Yijiu)

WUHAN, April 6 (Xinhua) -- A direct freight train linking Wuhan in central China and Lyons in France began operation on Wednesday.

The train, loaded with mechanical, electronic and chemical products, will exit China through Alataw Pass in Xinjiang, the westmost Chinese region, and pass through Kazakhstan, Russia, Belarus, Poland and Germany before reaching its destination.

It will take 16 days to complete the 11,300-kilometer journey, slashing the usual 50 to 60 days to transport from Wuhan to France by sea.

Automobile products, wine and agricultural products made in France are expected to be imported to China via the train.

Catering to the Belt and Road Initiative, the train is expected to further promote China's cooperation with Eurasian countries.

Several Chinese cities including Chongqing, Wuhan, Zhengzhou, Changsha and Shenyang have rail freight services to Europe.
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Old April 21st, 2016, 05:05 PM   #325
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Plan for China - Asean Railway by Zhang Qishuai (张其帅)
1. Phase 1

1.1 Major upgrading the tracks - Starting at Nanning city in Guangsi before heading to Chongzuo City to reach the border checkpoint at Pingxiang city - Then, crossing the border for the major upgrade to allow Chinese train to reach Hanoi rather than Gia Lam (Hanoi suburb)

1.2 Following the North - South route before the major reconstruction to reach Cambodian border

1.3 Speed up Lao - China railway to connect Kunming with Viengchan capital before crossing Mekhong to reach Thailand at Nong Khai and then speeding up Thai - China railway all the way to Bangkok (Bangsue Central) to pass Hua Hin, Kra Isthmus (referring to the Southern region - Chumporn, Surat Thani - Songkla [Hatyai]) before heading to Phuket (should revive Surat Thani - Tha Nun line though)

2. Phase 2 [Northern line] - Changsha to Nanning to connect with High Speed train line of Nanking - Wuhan - Shanghai

3. Phase 3 [Southern line] starting from Phuket all the way to Malaysia border [Well, the section from Surat Thani to Padang Besar via Thung SOng and Hat Yai though] before heading to Kuala Lumpur and Singapore.

This is a good choice to connect with Eastern coast to expand Chinese influence around Indochina region including Vietnam and Malaysia since it will allow PLA suppression against those countries should they have revolted against China

In the eyes of Mainland China, the relationship between China and Vietnam is not much different from Farmers vs Venom as venom keeps biting and spitting poison on farmers. So, this plan should be implemented


http://toutiao.com/i6274135812321837570/
http://news.twoeggz.com/lvyou/2016-04-17/2422040.html
http://www.wanhuajing.com/d373691
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Old April 21st, 2016, 08:47 PM   #326
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4 of the last 6 posts belong to the Asian thread as they have nothing to do with Europe.
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Old April 21st, 2016, 09:46 PM   #327
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Quote:
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4 of the last 6 posts belong to the Asian thread as they have nothing to do with Europe.
Thanks for warning though
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Old April 22nd, 2016, 10:54 PM   #328
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Georgian railways signs Contract with Stadler to acquire Stadler Kiss double-decker trains

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TBILISI – Beginning in July, passengers will have the opportunity to travel by Euro-standard trains made by Swiss company Stadler, according to Georgian Railways.

The four modern and fully equipped double-decker trains will be in full compliance with European safety standards, each for 9,900 million EUR. The trains will be the first of their kind in Georgia, and will be fully modified to meet the needs of people with disabilities.

According to the head of Georgian Railway’s Public Service, Dachi Tsaguria, the trains will start serving the increased flow of summer passengers with ticket prices remaining the same as on standard Georgian trains.

“This is one of the world's leading train brands. Stadler Kiss trains travel daily between most in European countries, particularly Germany and Austria. We can guarantee that the trip will be both comfortable and safe.” stated Tsaguria.

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Old May 18th, 2016, 12:41 PM   #329
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It costs twice as much to export olive oil from Spain using China’s “One Belt, One Road” railway
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Old May 20th, 2016, 11:15 AM   #330
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Why would you ship olive oil by train anyway? There is absolutely no need for speed and by boat is always going to be much cheaper.
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Old June 19th, 2016, 08:54 PM   #331
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Express railway transpots goods, and friendship

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Old October 26th, 2016, 05:15 PM   #332
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Ab Ovo to supply Eurasian freight planning software

CHINA: Business software developer Ab Ovo signed a contract on October 26 to provide Shanghai-based logistics company Railink International with a service planning and ‘track and trace’ container management package. This will be used on Railink’s ‘One Belt, One Road’ routes from China to destinations in Mongolia, Russia, Central Asia and Europe.

The system is expected to go live by the end of the year. It will be the first deployment of a modular software as a service package which Ab Ovo has developed to make its products attractive to medium-sized logistics companies as well as the large rail operators such as DB Cargo, Green Cargo, B Logistics and VR which it has previously supplied.

The modular platform enables operators to choose only the features they require, with options running from a basic package containing service planning tools to premium packages which incorporate financial modelling, automated invoicing and wagon fleet management.

http://www.railwaygazette.com/news/t...-software.html
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Old October 26th, 2016, 06:17 PM   #333
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what track gauges do they use?
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Old November 10th, 2016, 03:23 PM   #334
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"Silk Road" train arrives in Riga! China, Latvia seek to further boost trade, cooperation



The first direct cargo train between China and Latvia has arrived in Riga. It's part of the trans-Eurasia rail network that links China and Europe. It can save much time and cost. The line is inaugurated as the China-proposed Belt and Road Initiative seeks to build a trade and infrastructure network connecting Asia with Europe and Africa along the ancient Silk Road routes.
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Old November 10th, 2016, 11:08 PM   #335
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I've noticed there're only Chinese trains coming to Europe, but no European (except Russian) trains going to China.

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Originally Posted by tjrgx View Post
The line is inaugurated as the China-proposed Belt and Road Initiative seeks to build a trade and infrastructure network connecting Asia with Europe and Africa along the ancient Silk Road routes.
How is Asia planning to connect with Africa? You can't even get through Israel.
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Old November 11th, 2016, 12:29 AM   #336
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Quote:
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I've noticed there're only Chinese trains coming to Europe, but no European (except Russian) trains going to China.

How is Asia planning to connect with Africa? You can't even get through Israel.
There is a maritime Silk Road in historical contexts and forms part of the One Road One Belt policy. The combined land and sea routes and projects are often intertwined and can be confusing with some of the announcements made.
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Old November 14th, 2016, 11:21 AM   #337
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There's a new thread on The Belt and Road Initiative / One Belt One Road. On the "Sea road" Kenya, Djibouti, Sudan and Egypt are connected in Africa.
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Old November 14th, 2016, 08:05 PM   #338
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Verso View Post
I've noticed there're only Chinese trains coming to Europe, but no European (except Russian) trains going to China.
Basically there are also NO Chinese trains coming to Europe. All these 'direct trains' actually are three seperate trains (one within China, one within "broad-gauge-country" and a third one within Europe) with coordinated schedules. Containers are loaded from Chinese to Russian and then from Russian to European waggons at the border stations.
Not even one single waggon of Chinese railways goes actually to Europe, and this also won't happen in the near future due to different technical standards.
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Old November 14th, 2016, 08:16 PM   #339
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Not even one single waggon of Chinese railways goes actually to Europe, and this also won't happen in the near future due to different technical standards.
Yes. Variable gauge axles are expensive. Make sense for passenger trains, but not so much for freight.
How about bogie exchange?
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Old November 14th, 2016, 08:30 PM   #340
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Quote:
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I've noticed there're only Chinese trains coming to Europe, but no European (except Russian) trains going to China.
There are no Chinese trains entering Europe.

The trains that you are thinking of are intermodal trains conveying shipping containers. The shipping containers are transhipped between various trains in each direction.
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