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Old July 11th, 2008, 06:03 AM   #1
hkskyline
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MISC | Cuba - US Flights : Entering a Different World

Cuba-U.S. flights carry passengers between two worlds

HAVANA, July 9 (Reuters) The flight between two worlds is so short the stewardess barely serves the drinks before the plane begins its descent into enemy territory.

Cuba and the United States, one communist, the other not, have been so far apart politically for so long, it is easy to forget that only 90 miles (144 km) separates them. But the short distance between the two countries, who have been on war footing since shortly after Cuba's 1959 revolution, becomes reality on one of the 30 hour-long flights a week that connect them.

They are highly emotional flights, where the passengers who are mostly Cubans, are going north saying goodbye to their homeland or south to rediscover it after years of absence.

"It's very dramatic. There are tears coming and going. It's like a trip between two worlds," said Jessie, a flight attendant for Gulfstream, a U.S. airline that flies seven times a week to Havana.

Direct flights started in 1977 to facilitate family contacts during the fleeting honeymoon between Cuban leader Fidel Castro and U.S. President Jimmy Carter.

And although relations never took off, eight U.S. airlines continue flying to Cuba, carrying people like Gumesildo Gomez, who is returning for the first time in 38 years.

"I am a little nervous. I don't know how I'm going to find it," said the 71-year-old retired plumber.

Gomez does not know it, but returning to the United States after a few weeks in Cuba also will be emotionally difficult.

Or so says Carlos while aboard an Embraer turboprop 120 heading toward Miami, where he emigrated eight years ago.

"I cry because it's hard to be so close and yet so far from Cuba. To return to your country, find yourself with your own, with a place that you belong to, it gives you energy," said the 20-year-old man who works in a store to pay for his studies.

Carlos, who did not want to give his full name, does not regret having emigrated to the "other side," where he says he has more opportunities. But the travel restrictions decreed in 2004 by President George W. Bush allow him to visit his family only once every three years.

The planes that take off from Miami carry a mix of exiles, businessmen, academics and religious workers. On return flights, passengers include Cubans newly authorized to emigrate to the United States, of which there were about 15,000 in 2007.

"I'll go and if I don't like it there I'll come back," said Eric, 30, who won a visa in a lottery at the U.S. Interests Section in Cuba and was about to fly to Miami.

LOW PROFILE

The direct flights to Cuba are not widely known or publicized, as the airlines keep a low profile in the highly-charged world of U.S.-Cuban relations. Even now, Florida businesses who work in Cuba travel are fighting a new state law requiring them to post a $250,000 bond, with the money to be used to investigate whether they are violating the U.S. embargo.

"When I tell people that I oversee an airline that flies between Miami and Havana, they think I'm joking," said Thomas Cooper, president of Gulfstream, which flies more than half of the 26 flights each week between the two cities.

Other carriers fly eight times a week to other Cuban cities such as Santiago, Holguin, Camaguey and Cienfuegos. Three times a month, a Boeing 737-200 travels from Havana to New York.

Cost for a roundtrip Miami-Havana ticket is about $450, plus taxes. Cuba requires an exit visa and the United States an authorization from the U.S. Treasury Department, which enforces the 46-year-old U.S. trade embargo against the island.

The U.S. doesn't prohibit its citizens from traveling to Cuba, but says that, with a few exceptions, they cannot spend money there. Since the 2004 travel restrictions were put in place, the number of Americans going to Cuba is estimated to have dropped by half to about 60,000 per year.

Cooper believes that if Bush's successor in the November presidential elections lifts the restrictions, his business will quadruple overnight.

The security measures that surround the U.S.-Cuba flights illustrate the tension between the two neighbors.

The Havana airport has a terminal dedicated exclusively to U.S. flights. In Miami, the boarding card for Cuba carries the code for maximum security which requires special lines and obsessive checks for explosives.
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Old July 11th, 2008, 07:07 AM   #2
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I used to enjoy seeing those Americans look at those Cuban cigars when I worked at a tourist store.

But they may not come anymore if the embargo is lifted.
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Old July 13th, 2008, 04:27 AM   #3
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I will never understan why America fears Cuba so much ...
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Old July 13th, 2008, 01:05 PM   #4
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I wouldn't say it's fear, it's a punishment for that government since there is no real valid reason or excuse to invade that island nation of cuba, their problem is internal, there is no attack in US soil so the uprising has to come from it's people itself, so, imposing an sanction would be a more effective way to announce protest towards the Castro administration, but that dictator just wouldn't give in...
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Old July 13th, 2008, 07:09 PM   #5
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Quote:
Originally Posted by smokiboy View Post
I will never understan why America fears Cuba so much ...
It is driven by ethnic politics, they don't fear Cuba, they fear the Cuban vote in Florida. Florida is a swing state and the Cuban vote can swing the outcome either way. Similar to the Middle East where our policy is driven by two percent of the population, nevermind that forty-nine out of fifty Americans have no dog in that fight.
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Old July 14th, 2008, 01:55 AM   #6
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Quote:
Originally Posted by mwg12a View Post
I wouldn't say it's fear, it's a punishment for that government since there is no real valid reason or excuse to invade that island nation of cuba, their problem is internal, there is no attack in US soil so the uprising has to come from it's people itself, so, imposing an sanction would be a more effective way to announce protest towards the Castro administration, but that dictator just wouldn't give in...
Castro came to power in a popular revolution and he can just as easily leave that way if the Cuban people desire it. Yet too many are happy with their free medical care and education to complain too much.

Remember, America had no problem with Cuba when it was run by a right-wing dictator, Bautista, in the 1950s.

America has wanted to control Cuba for hundreds of years. Castro was a threat because he governed Cuba in a way not in accordance with the desires of the American corporate elite.
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Old July 14th, 2008, 08:11 AM   #7
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Well, it's still can't be considered as fear from the cuban government because cuba has no power to invade the mainland US nor it will affect the US economy with just cuba alone. It is also a known fact that there are alot of cubans who depict Cuba through the shores of Miami in US and it has been going on for many many years already that the cuban depictors earn polical asylum in the US.We are going off topic on this one though...
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Old July 14th, 2008, 07:13 PM   #8
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i don't see cuba as a thread for world peace but the usa with it's arrogant political behaviour of taking over the world as world's biggest dominator.
Especially since Fidel stepped down and his more democratic brother is taking his place, it's getting more aka 'western' with less regulations and stuff.
I see a big market between florida (and other states) and cuba. (like taiwan & china are getting closer to each other.)
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Old November 29th, 2010, 07:09 PM   #9
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Cuban Americans filling planes to homeland
24 March 2010

HAVANA, March 24 (Reuters) - When a recent flight from Miami touched down at Havana's Jose Marti Airport, a passenger shouted "Viva Cuba!" in a show of the enthusiasm Cuban Americans have for returning to their homeland.

Since President Barack Obama lifted restrictions last year on their visits to Cuba aiming to increase people-to-people contact, they are coming in such numbers that Cuba has had to remodel the airport terminal for U.S. flights.

The immediate beneficiaries are the eight U.S.-based charter services who operate the only flights allowed from the United States and who say business is booming.

The only foreseeable fly in the ointment, they say, is the U.S. government's inclusion of Cuba in countries where U.S.-bound passengers must undergo extra screening, which Cuba has protested.

The charter companies say direct flights by Cuban Americans to their homeland skyrocketed 70 percent in 2009 and are expected to jump another 36 percent this year.

Cuban officials recently said about 250,000 Cuban exiles visited the island from the United States in 2009 up from an estimated 170,000 the year before, when many found a way around the old restrictions by traveling through third countries.

Obama, who has said he wants better relations with Cuba, lifted restrictions imposed under President George W. Bush that limited Cuban Americans to one visit home every three years.

The result, said Armando Garcia, president of Miami-based Marazul Charters, "has been a tremendous growth and 2010 looks incredible."

"I would say we will reach 300,000 passengers just from the U.S. (this year)," he told Reuters.

MORE DEMAND, MORE FLIGHTS

Garcia and other operators said they were scheduling more flights to meet demand. In March, a total of about 250 flights were scheduled from Miami, New York and Los Angeles, up from 170 a month last year, the operators said.

The United States has imposed a trade embargo against Cuba since 1962, which still prevents most Americans from visiting the island 90 miles (145 km) from Florida.

But there are an estimated 1.5 million Cuban exiles in the United States, a big enough market that charter operators are interested in flying from more cities, including Fort Lauderdale, Tampa, Key West and Jacksonville in Florida and Las Vegas.

The Obama administration sent a chill through the Cuba charter industry in January when it included Cuba among 14 countries where extra security, including a pat down, is required for U.S.-bound passengers due to terrorism concerns.

Despite its protests, Cuba has been on the U.S. State Department's list of terrorism-sponsoring countries since 1982.

The Cuban government reacted angrily, calling in the chief U.S. diplomat in Havana to deliver a note of protest and saying it would "categorically reject this new hostile action."

Charter operators say so far the measures have not been enacted and they are hoping Cuba's airport security is sufficient to keep the U.S. government from shutting down the flights.

"Even before the rule came out Cuba had a very high level of security for people leaving the country," said Tom L. Cooper, owner of Gulfstream International Airlines.

"It appears to me to be fully compliant and we are not foreseeing any problem whatsoever either going to Cuba or coming from Cuba."

One U.S. transportation official in Washington told Reuters all indications suggest Cuba does comply with security standards set by the International Civil Aviation Organization, but declined to comment on the new security measures.

John Kavulich, senior adviser at the U.S.-Cuba Trade and Economic Council in New York, thinks it unlikely Washington will make an exception for Cuba unless it faces mounting pressure from Cuban exiles annoyed with the requested pat downs.

With Cuban Americans emerging as Cuba's second-largest source of visitors after Canadians, Kavulich said he expects Cuba will somehow accommodate the new regulations to keep the flights, and the money they bring in, coming.

Cuban Americans are an important source of dollars for the communist regime as it deals with the global economic downturn.

"They will comply in a meaningful way because the revenue stream is pretty significant and important," he said.
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Old March 14th, 2011, 05:04 AM   #10
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US allows 8 more airports to offer flights to Cuba as part of broader outreach to Cubans
9 March 2011

WASHINGTON (AP) - Eight new airports have been given permission to schedule charter flights to and from Cuba.

Customs and Border Protection officials say charter flights to Cuba can now be scheduled from Chicago's O'Hare International Airport and international airports in Baltimore, Dallas/Fort Worth, New Orleans, Pittsburgh, Tampa, Atlanta and San Juan, Puerto Rico.

Previously, flights were only permitted from Los Angeles, Miami and New York.

Access to flights to the communist island nation will still be limited to people who meet certain travel requirements, including people from Cuba and those traveling for educational purposes or with religious groups.

The decision to allow eight new airports to schedule flights to Cuba is part of a broad effort to reach out to the Cuban people announced by President Barack Obama earlier this year.
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Old March 3rd, 2016, 02:44 PM   #11
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U.S. airlines vie for limited routes to Cuba
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March 2 (Reuters) - Top U.S. airlines on Wednesday said they were seeking regulatory approval to start flying specific routes to Cuba, ramping up competition over a limited number of opportunities to serve one of the industry's last frontiers.

Dramatizing their eagerness for the coveted flights, American Airlines Group Inc, JetBlue Airways Corp and others argued why they were best suited for the routes in memos that at times were critical of one another.

U.S. and Cuban officials signed an arrangement two weeks ago restoring commercial air service between the countries for the first time in decades. U.S. carriers had until March 2 to submit route applications to the U.S. Transportation Department.

The arrangement, in the works after the Cold War foes said they would normalize ties in Dec. 2014, allows 20 round-trip flights per day from the United States to Havana and 10 round-trip flights per day to nine other airports in Cuba.

But proposals by airlines appear to have exceeded the cap to Havana by at least 19 flights per day, with requests even higher for certain days of the week.

American Airlines Group Inc, which has the widest Latin America network of its peers, asked for 10 daily flights to Havana from its Miami hub, one per day from its hubs in Charlotte and Dallas/Fort Worth and one per week from Los Angeles and Chicago.

American said in its publicly filed application that there were 10 times the number of Cuban-Americans living in Miami-Dade county than in nearby Broward county, where its main rival to the Caribbean, JetBlue, has its large Fort Lauderdale operation.

Separately, JetBlue said Wednesday it requested four daily flights to Havana from Fort Lauderdale, two from Tampa, Orlando and New York and one from Boston and Newark.

In its application, JetBlue called American's Miami hub "chaotic" and more expensive per passenger compared to Fort Lauderdale.

It added that the U.S. Transportation Department should support competition "rather than continuing the status quo by rewarding legacy carriers and increasing their market share."

The government agency has said it will try to maximize public benefit in assigning the flights.

Southwest Airlines Co, United Continental Holdings Inc and Delta Air Lines Inc also filed extensive route requests, with Delta arguing its proposed Miami routes were necessary to counterbalance American's otherwise market dominance.
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Old March 6th, 2016, 09:43 AM   #12
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Hopefully, a flight between San Francisco and Havana will be mounted as it can connect to even more flights from Asia and Oceania, with either United or Virgin America serving it.
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Old March 6th, 2016, 10:08 AM   #13
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Any news if Cubana starts some US routes?
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Old March 6th, 2016, 10:20 AM   #14
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That would be an interesting question and a good idea. If Cubana will indeed operate to the United States, it should start with the obvious, like Miami, New York, and Washington. However, given its limited aircraft typology (most notably Antonov and Ilyushin aircraft), I would be better off doing long-haul services rather than focusing on Havana-Miami because that service will be seriously competitive should AA mount multiple daily frequencies on board any aircraft it can choose from (e.g. B738, A321, B763, etc).
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Old March 16th, 2016, 04:14 PM   #15
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Airfares, convenience emerge as fault line in Cuba flight applications
Excerpt

March 14 (Reuters) - U.S. airlines hoping to get a few of the limited number of flights to Cuba filed regulatory papers on Monday in response to rivals' applications laying out their best arguments for consumer travel to the Caribbean island.

The United States and Cuba signed an agreement a month ago restoring commercial air service between the former Cold War foes for the first time in decades. Under the agreement, 20 daily round-trip flights will be allowed to Havana but 13 U.S. carriers already have requested at least 52 flights per day, far exceeding the limit.

Airlines submitted responses to rivals' applications by the Monday deadline set by the U.S. Transportation Department for travel to the capital of Havana.

The filings come just before a trip to Cuba next week by President Barack Obama, the first by a U.S. president in nearly 90 years.

The arguments that emerged from the airline's filings contrasted low airfares and the convenience.

American Airlines Group Inc said nearly half of the entire Cuban-American population lives near its Miami hub, from which it applied for 10 daily flights to Havana. It said this gives it an advantage because a not-yet-lifted ban on tourism to Cuba means traffic must come from authorized travelers, such as people visiting family on the island.

"The frequencies proposed by JetBlue have no relation to demand," said American in its filing, claiming its rival to the Caribbean ran half-empty charters from nearby Fort Lauderdale to Havana.

American said 58 convenient connections via Miami would help it sell seats and serve more travelers globally, compared with JetBlue's alleged 15 connections via Fort Lauderdale.

Southwest Airlines Co, in turn, argued for Florida-Cuba service, saying it was the true low-fare leader, reducing average one-way prices $41.46 when entering legacy markets, compared with fares falling $28.91 when JetBlue entered.

And United Continental Holdings Inc, whose application focused on daily Newark flights, questioned the need for extensive Florida schedules altogether.
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Old July 31st, 2016, 06:48 AM   #16
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JetBlue to become first airline to operate U.S.-Cuba flights
Excerpt

HAVANA, July 28 (Reuters) - U.S. budget airline JetBlue Airways Corp said on Thursday it would launch scheduled commercial flights from the United States to Cuba on Aug. 31, ahead of competitors that have also announced departure dates.

The former Cold War foes agreed last year to restore regular airline services after more than five decades as part of a broader detente in which they also resumed diplomatic ties.

U.S. travel to Cuba was long an expensive and complicated endeavor. Given a U.S. ban on tourism to the island, most Americans could visit only as part of an organized group tour.

Even when U.S. President Barack Obama eased travel rules earlier this year, allowing Americans to travel independently to Cuba for educational, cultural and other authorized purposes, they still had to travel on chartered planes.

But from Aug. 31, JetBlue will launch thrice-weekly flights between the Fort Lauderdale-Hollywood International Airport and Santa Clara airport, with fares starting at $99 one-way.

The airline will upgrade this service to daily flights from Oct.1, also offering daily flights from Fort Lauderdale to Camaguey from Nov.3 and to Holguin from Nov. 10.

Silver Airways is set to be the second U.S. airline to operate flights from the United States to Cuba, launching service from Fort Lauderdale to Santa Clara on Sept. 1.

American Airlines is to start its services from Miami to Cienfuegos and Holguin on Sept. 7, adding flights to Camaguey and Santa Clara on Sept. 9 and to Varadero on Sept. 11.

Washington has given tentative approval for flights to Havana on eight U.S. airlines as early as this fall and expects to reach a final decision later this summer.
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Old August 1st, 2016, 05:40 AM   #17
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Mexico and Canada serviced flights to Cuba
Flights from Cancun to Cuba are very short and Americans have been using it for years.
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Old November 20th, 2017, 01:11 PM   #18
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Nov. 15, 2017
Excerpt
Alaska Airlines discontinues Los Angeles-Havana daily flight

(Reuters) - U.S. airline Alaska Airlines on Tuesday said it would discontinue a daily flight between Los Angeles and Havana, Cuba, after Jan. 22, due to the recent changes in Cuba travel policies by the U.S. government.

The U.S. government made it tougher last week for Americans to visit Cuba and do business in the country, making good on a pledge by President Donald Trump to roll back his Democratic predecessor’s move toward warmer ties with Havana.

The regulations include a ban on Americans doing business with some 180 Cuban government entities, holding companies, and tourism companies.

The airline which started the Los Angeles-Havana flight in January this year, said it will redeploy the aircraft to other markets with stronger demand.
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