daily menu » rate the banner | guess the city | one on oneforums map | privacy policy | DMCA | news magazine | posting guidelines

Go Back   SkyscraperCity > Photo Forums > Urban Showcase

Urban Showcase Show your selfmade photos



Global Announcement

As a general reminder, please respect others and respect copyrights. Go here to familiarize yourself with our posting policy.


Reply

 
Thread Tools
Old March 10th, 2012, 11:18 PM   #4301
Jesús E. Salgado
Registered User
 
Jesús E. Salgado's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2008
Location: Los Angeles County
Posts: 9,758
Likes (Received): 278

Guadalajara Jalisco


Cathedral
Catedral




Cathedral
Catedral





Cathedral
Catedral





Cathedral
Catedral




Cathedral
Catedral





-----------------------------------------------------------------
Visit this posts to get to know how the city of Los Angeles developed through the years
Visit the United States through pictures.
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=24626612

Evolution through time of Los Angeles California
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=30802436
Jesús E. Salgado no está en línea   Reply With Quote

Sponsored Links
Old March 11th, 2012, 01:44 PM   #4302
Jesús E. Salgado
Registered User
 
Jesús E. Salgado's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2008
Location: Los Angeles County
Posts: 9,758
Likes (Received): 278

Guadalajara Jalisco

Cathedral
Catedral



Cathedral
Catedral



Cathedral
Catedral



Cathedral
Catedral




Cathedral
Catedral





----------------------------------------------------------------
Visit this posts to get to know how the city of Los Angeles developed through the years

Visit the United States through pictures.
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=24626612

Evolution through time of Los Angeles California
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=30802436
Jesús E. Salgado no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 11th, 2012, 11:27 PM   #4303
Jesús E. Salgado
Registered User
 
Jesús E. Salgado's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2008
Location: Los Angeles County
Posts: 9,758
Likes (Received): 278

Guadalajara Jalisco


Guadalajara airport
Guadalajara aeropuerto



Guadalajara airport
Guadalajara aeropuerto



Guadalajara airport
Guadalajara aeropuerto




Guadalajara airport
Guadalajara aeropuerto




Guadalajara airport
Guadalajara aeropuerto





----------------------------------------------------------------
Visit this posts to get to know how the city of Los Angeles developed through the years

Visit the United States through pictures.
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=24626612

Evolution through time of Los Angeles California
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=30802436
Jesús E. Salgado no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 12th, 2012, 10:29 AM   #4304
Jesús E. Salgado
Registered User
 
Jesús E. Salgado's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2008
Location: Los Angeles County
Posts: 9,758
Likes (Received): 278

Guadalajara Jalisco


Guadalajara airport
Guadalajara aeropuerto



Guadalajara airport
Guadalajara aeropuerto



Guadalajara airport
Guadalajara aeropuerto




Guadalajara airport
Guadalajara aeropuerto




Guadalajara airport
Guadalajara aeropuerto






----------------------------------------------------------------
Visit this posts to get to know how the city of Los Angeles developed through the years

Visit the United States through pictures.
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=24626612

Evolution through time of Los Angeles California
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=30802436
Jesús E. Salgado no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 12th, 2012, 10:17 PM   #4305
Jesús E. Salgado
Registered User
 
Jesús E. Salgado's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2008
Location: Los Angeles County
Posts: 9,758
Likes (Received): 278

So do I, I live just outside of Los Angeles city.
Jesús E. Salgado no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 13th, 2012, 10:19 AM   #4306
Jesús E. Salgado
Registered User
 
Jesús E. Salgado's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2008
Location: Los Angeles County
Posts: 9,758
Likes (Received): 278

Guadalajara Jalisco


Guadalajara airport
Guadalajara aeropuerto



Guadalajara airport
Guadalajara aeropuerto



Guadalajara airport
Guadalajara aeropuerto




Guadalajara airport
Guadalajara aeropuerto




Guadalajara airport
Guadalajara aeropuerto






----------------------------------------------------------------
Visit this posts to get to know how the city of Los Angeles developed through the years

Visit the United States through pictures.
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=24626612

Evolution through time of Los Angeles California
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=30802436
Jesús E. Salgado no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 14th, 2012, 12:51 AM   #4307
Jesús E. Salgado
Registered User
 
Jesús E. Salgado's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2008
Location: Los Angeles County
Posts: 9,758
Likes (Received): 278

History

The city was established in three other places before where it is now. The first settlement in 1532 was in Mesa del Cerro, now known as Nochistlán, Zacatecas. This site was settled by Juan de Ońate as commissioned by Nuńo de Guzmán. The purpose of the city was to secure the recent conquests made and to provide defense against still-hostile natives. This site did not last long due to the lack of water, so in 1533, it was moved to a location near Tonalá. Two years later, Guzmán ordered that the village be moved to Tlacotán. While the settlement was here, Spanish king Charles V granted the coat of arms the city has today.

This settlement was ferociously attacked during the Mixtón War in 1541, by Caxcan, Portecuex and Zacateco peoples under the command of Tenamaxtli.[7] This war was initiated by the Indians due to the cruel treatment of Indians by Nuńo de Guzmán, especially the enslavement of captured natives. Viceroy Antonio de Mendoza had to take control of the campaign to suppress the revolt after the Spanish were defeated in several engagements. The conflict ended after Mendoza made some concessions to the Indians, including the freeing of Indian slaves and amnesty.

The village of Guadalajara barely survived, and credit was given to the aid requested from the Archangel Michael, who remains as patron of the city. It was then decided to move the city once again, this time to Atemajac, as it was more defensible. The city has remained here to this day. In 1542, records indicate that 126 people were living in Guadalajara, and in the same year, the status of city was conferred by the Spanish king. Guadalajara was officially founded on February 14th, 1542 in the Valley of Atemajac. The settlement's name came from the Spanish hometown of Nuńo de Guzmán.

In 1560, royal offices for the province of Nueva Galicia were moved from Compostela to Guadalajara, as well as the bishopric. Construction of the cathedral was begun in 1561. In 1570, religious orders such as the Augustinians and the Dominicans arrived, which would make the city a center for evangelization efforts.[7] The historic city center encompasses what was four centers of population, as the villages of Mezquitán, Analco and Mexicaltzingo were annexed to the Atemajac site in 1667.

In 1791, the University of Guadalajara was established in the city, which was then the capital of Nueva Galicia. The inauguration was held in 1792 at the site of the old Santo Tomas College. While the institution was founded during the 18th century, it would not be fully developed until the 20th, starting in 1925. In 1794, the Hospital Real de San Miguel de Belén, now simply known as the Hospital de Belen, was opened.

Guadajara's economy during the 18th century was based on agriculture and the production of non-durable goods such as textiles, shoes and food products.

Guadalajara remained the capital of Nueva Galicia with some modifications until the Mexican War of Independence. After Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla decided not to attack Mexico City, despite early successes, he decided to retreat to Guadalajara in late 1810. Initially, he and his army were welcome in the city, as living conditions had become difficult for workers and Hidalgo promised to lower taxes and put an end to slavery. However, violence by the rebel army to city residents, especially royalists, soured the welcome. Hidalgo did sign a proclamation ending slavery, which was honored in the country since after the war. During this time, he also founded the newspaper El Despertador Americano, dedicated to the insurgent cause.

During this time, royalist forces marched to Guadalajara, arriving in January 1811 with nearly 6,000 men. Insurgents Ignacio Allende and Mariano Abasolo wanted to concentrate their forces in the city and plan an escape route should they be defeated, but Hidalgo rejected this. Their second choice then was to make a stand at the Puente de Calderon just outside the city. Hidalgo had between 80,000 and 100,000 men and 95 cannons, but the better trained royalists won, decimating the insurgent army, forcing Hidalgo to flee towards Aguascalientes. Guadalajara would remain in royalist hands until nearly the end of the war. After the state of Jalisco was erected in 1823, the city became its capital. In 1844, General Mariano Paredes y Arrillaga initiated a revolt against the government of President Antonio López de Santa Anna, which the president managed to quell personally. However, while Santa Anna was in Guadalajara, a revolt called the Revolution of the Three Hours brought José Joaquín Herrera to the presidency and put Santa Anna into exile. During the Reform War, President Benito Juárez had his government here for a time in 1856. French troops entered the city during the French Intervention in 1864, and the city was retaken by Mexican troops in 1866.

Despite the violence, the 19th century was a period of economic, technological and social growth for the city.[15] After Independence, small-scale industries developed, many of them owned by immigrants from Europe. Rail lines connecting the city to the Pacific coast and north to the United States intensified trade and allowed products from rural areas of Jalisco state to be shipped. The ranch culture became a very important aspect of Jalisco's and Guadalajara's identity since this time. From 1884 to 1890, electrical service, railroad service and the Observatory were established.

Guadalajara again experienced substantial growth after the 1930s, and the first industrial park was established in 1947.] The city's population surpassed one million in 1964, and by the 1970s it was Mexico's second largest city, and the largest in western Mexico. Most of the modern city's urbanization took place between the 1940s and the 1980s, with the population doubling every ten years until it stood at 2.5 million in 1980. The population of the municipality has stagnated, and even declined, slowly but steadily since the early 1990s.

The increase of population brought with it the increase in the size of what is now called Greater Guadalajara, rather than an increase in the population density of the city. Migrants coming into Guadalajara from the 1940s to the 1980s were mostly from rural areas, who lived in the city center until they had enough money to buy property. This property was generally bought in the edges of the city, which were urbanizing into "fraccionamientos", or subdivisions. In the 1980s, the city was described as a "divided city" east to west based on socioeconomic class. Since then, the city has evolved into four sectors, which are still more-or-less class centered. The upper classes tend to live in Hidalgo and Juárez in the northwest and southwest, while lower classes tend to live in the city center, Libertad in the north east and southeast in Reforma. However, lower class development has developed on the city's periphery and upper and middle classes are migrating toward Zapopan, making the situation less neatly divided.

Since 1996, activity by multinational corporations has had a significant effect on the economic and social development of the city. The presence of companies such as Kodak, Hewlett-Packard, Motorola and IBM has been based on production facilities built just outside the city proper, bringing in foreign labor and capital. This was made possible in the 1980s by surplus labor, infrastructure improvements and government incentives. These companies focus on electrical and electronic items, which is now one of Guadalajara's two main products (the other being beer). This has internationalized the economy, steering it away from manufacturing and toward services, dependent on technology and foreign investment. This has not been favorable for the unskilled working class and traditional labor sectors.

In its 2007 survey entitled "Cities of the Future", FDI magazine ranked Guadalajara highest among major Mexican cities, and designated Guadalajara as having the second strongest economic potential of any major North American city, behind Chicago. FDI Magazine also ranked the city as the most business-friendly Latin American city in 2007
Jesús E. Salgado no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 14th, 2012, 10:44 AM   #4308
Jesús E. Salgado
Registered User
 
Jesús E. Salgado's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2008
Location: Los Angeles County
Posts: 9,758
Likes (Received): 278

Guadalajara Jalisco

Driving in Guadalajara
Manejando en Guadalajara



Driving in Guadalajara
Manejando en Guadalajara




Driving in Guadalajara
Manejando en Guadalajara




Driving in Guadalajara
Manejando en Guadalajara




Driving in Guadalajara
Manejando en Guadalajara







----------------------------------------------------------------
Visit this posts to get to know how the city of Los Angeles developed through the years

Visit the United States through pictures.
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=24626612

Evolution through time of Los Angeles California
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=30802436
Jesús E. Salgado no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 14th, 2012, 11:31 PM   #4309
Jesús E. Salgado
Registered User
 
Jesús E. Salgado's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2008
Location: Los Angeles County
Posts: 9,758
Likes (Received): 278

Guadalajara Jalisco


Airport
Aeropuerto



Railway Station
Estación del ferrocarril




Railway Station
Estación del ferrocarril



Jalisco Stadium
Estadio Jalisco



Jalisco Stadium
Estadio Jalisco






----------------------------------------------------------------
Visit this posts to get to know how the city of Los Angeles developed through the years

Visit the United States through pictures.
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=24626612

Evolution through time of Los Angeles California
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=30802436

Last edited by Jesús E. Salgado; March 15th, 2012 at 12:41 AM.
Jesús E. Salgado no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 15th, 2012, 12:12 AM   #4310
gerardo16
Registered User
 
Join Date: Apr 2008
Posts: 1,708
Likes (Received): 1359

Quote:
Originally Posted by Jesús E. Salgado View Post
Guadalajara Jalisco


Airport
Aeropuerto



Railway Station
Estación del ferrocarril




Railway Station
Estación del ferrocarril



Jalisco Stadium
Estadio Jalisco



Jalisco Stadium
Estadio Jalisco






----------------------------------------------------------------
Visit this posts to get to know how the city of Los Angeles developed through the years

Visit the United States through pictures.
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=24626612

Evolution through time of Los Angeles California
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=30802436
Jesus Photos for Railway station are not Guadalajara Mex, anyway I appreciate all nice photos yo have post on this thread
gerardo16 no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 15th, 2012, 12:40 AM   #4311
Jesús E. Salgado
Registered User
 
Jesús E. Salgado's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2008
Location: Los Angeles County
Posts: 9,758
Likes (Received): 278

Gerardo you are right the Railroad Station is from Guadalajara Spain, I made a mistake and put the pics on the wrong folder. I apologize for my mistake
Jesús E. Salgado no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 15th, 2012, 10:03 PM   #4312
Jesús E. Salgado
Registered User
 
Jesús E. Salgado's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2008
Location: Los Angeles County
Posts: 9,758
Likes (Received): 278

Guadalajara Jalisco

Driving in Guadalajara
Manejando en Guadalajara




Driving in Guadalajara
Manejando en Guadalajara




Driving in Guadalajara
Manejando en Guadalajara




Driving in Guadalajara
Manejando en Guadalajara




Driving in Guadalajara
Manejando en Guadalajara







----------------------------------------------------------------
Visit this posts to get to know how the city of Los Angeles developed through the years

Visit the United States through pictures.
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=24626612

Evolution through time of Los Angeles California
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=30802436
Jesús E. Salgado no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 16th, 2012, 11:12 AM   #4313
Jesús E. Salgado
Registered User
 
Jesús E. Salgado's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2008
Location: Los Angeles County
Posts: 9,758
Likes (Received): 278

Guadalajara Jalisco

Driving in Guadalajara
Manejando en Guadalajara



Jalisco Stadium
Estadio Jalisco



Fountains in a modern building
Fuentes en edificio moderno



Historic Building
Edificio Historico



Inside Galerias Mall
Interior de Centro Comercial Galerias






----------------------------------------------------------------
Visit this posts to get to know how the city of Los Angeles developed through the years

Visit the United States through pictures.
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=24626612

Evolution through time of Los Angeles California
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=30802436
Jesús E. Salgado no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 17th, 2012, 10:22 AM   #4314
Jesús E. Salgado
Registered User
 
Jesús E. Salgado's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2008
Location: Los Angeles County
Posts: 9,758
Likes (Received): 278

Guadalajara Jalisco

Entering Downtown
Entrando al Centro



Entering Downtown
Entrando al Centro




Entering Downtown
Entrando al Centro



Entering Guadalajara
Entrando Guadalajara





Entering Guadalajara
Entrando Guadalajara








----------------------------------------------------------------
Visit this posts to get to know how the city of Los Angeles developed through the years

Visit the United States through pictures.
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=24626612

Evolution through time of Los Angeles California
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=30802436
Jesús E. Salgado no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 17th, 2012, 10:51 PM   #4315
Jesús E. Salgado
Registered User
 
Jesús E. Salgado's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2008
Location: Los Angeles County
Posts: 9,758
Likes (Received): 278

When you talk of Guadalajara, you are essentially talking about the 450 years of history which have made it what it is now. It is essential to know a bit about the past in order to live Guadalajara's present to the full.

The area of Jalisco was inhabited by various indigenous groups, up until the conquest. Among them were the Chapalas, the Huicholes and other groups, which in some way or other belonged to the Aztec Empire, but being rather separate from Tenochtitlán enjoyed certain liberties.

When the Spaniards began their conquest and colonization of Mexico, they tried to establish Guadalajara in order to have representatives of the Spanish crown in the Eastern part of the country. With this in mind, a group headed by Nuńo de Guzmán was sent over to conquer the people who were settled there. They named the area Nueva Galicia.

There was a total of four attempts to found the city. The first attempt was in Nochistlán in 1531, when the indigenous people fought hard to avoid the colonization of their land. Then there was an attempt to found it in Tonalá, in 1533, were again it proved impossible. The third attempt was at Tlacotlán, but the Indians resisted, and the battles ended in death for many of the conquistadors. They then resorted to call in Pedro de Alvarado, who at the time was in the centre of New Spain. Far from succeeding in a proper foundation, he had to flee and later died.

On February 14th , 1542, Antonio de Mendoza y Cristóbal de Ońate, looking for shelter from the Indian attacks, found a safe place in the Valley of Atemajac, and decided to found the city of Guadalajara on that very spot. When Mendoza and Ońate were about to declare the city founded, no one dared cheer, fearful as they were from the three last attempts. However, Beatriz Hernández -a fabulous, courageous woman- stood next to them and cheered the crowd on, until they all accepted the chosen place and showed their support.

In many aspects, the area was not a good choice: it was a large plain, but was ideal for preventing attacks from the indigenous settlers.

Charles I, King of Spain, gave Guadalajara the title of city, as well as its Coat of Arms. Its name was given in honour of Nuńo Beltrán de Guzmán, who came from Guadalajara in Spain. The event of the foundation of the city took place where the Teatro Degollado and the Plaza de los Fundadores stand today. In this plaza you will find a freeze depicting the scene.

In the beginning, the main activities which Guadalajara concerned itself with were mining and agriculture. In a short space of time, large haciendas started to appear, which helped the growing city become a large commercial centre in Eastern Mexico.

On May 10th, 1560, Guadalajara was named the capital of the kingdom of Nueva Galicia, and so for many years carried this name. As the city growed in population and importance, the need for a cathedral became more evident. This was requested to Spain, and Fray Pedro de Ayala laid the first stone of the Catedral Metropolitana, the same which exists today.

In 1700 Fray Galindo y Chávez, Bishop od Guadalajara, points out the need for a university, but it isn't until 1742 that Mota Padilla starts the process of creating a university. In 1774 Charles III of Spain sends a document asking for reports from various places in New Spain, which specified the pros and cons of building a university in the city. Finally, in the late 16th centiry and with the adequate funding, the courses, timetables and subjects are approved, and the University of Guadalajara goes ahead.

In 1792 the first printing press is established in a place called Plaza de Santo Domingo. The frist publication which it produced was the "Elogios Fúnebres" (Funerary Elogies), a piece dedicated to Fray Antonio Alcalde.

In 1810 the first independent newspaper was born: "El Despertador Americano". Also during this year -while Don Miguel Hidalgo and Costilla (Father of Independence) was in town- slavery was abolished in the building that today houses the Palacio del Gobierno. Also measures were taken to establish the 'Gobierno Insurgente' in this same building.

After the War of Independence in 1810, the area got the name of Jalisco -a name which remains today, as Guadalajara is the capital of the state of Jalisco-, which means "place of jal", as the whole area is full of this type of stone.

In December 1926 the Cristera War started, and the state of Jalisco was one of the main centres where this was developed. Due to this conflict many people in the state of Jalisco sought refuge in Guadalajara, giving it an excessive population boost. The Cristera War finished the 29th June, 1929.

In 1965 the Fiestas de Octubre (October Celebrations)were definitely established as the city's local celebrations. These have survived till today as one of the most important events in Guadalajara. From the start, they were given a touristic value; in them, three basic activities of the state of Jalisco are combined: commerce, culture and entertainment.

In the last decade of last century, Guadalajara suffered one of the most dramatic events in tis entire history, which left its mark on people's lives, and somehow made people confront the government. on the 22nd April, 1992, a terrible gas explosion occurred, as a result of an accumulation in the drainage systems. It caused the destruction of part of the city, the death of 212 Guadalajarans and a high number of homeless families. After this event, there were help groups created, as well as groups created to remember the event. Guadalajara still mourns every year on the anniversary of the tragedy, and sadness prevails at this time.

The state of Jalisco has produced many different famous people, namely the excellent muralist José Clemente Orozco, and three great writers: Francisco Rojas González, Juan Rulfo and Juan José Arreola, among many others.

Today, Guadalajara is the capital of the state of Jalisco, the second largest and most important city in the country. It has around six million inhabitants, and is a large metropolis, with every feature which a cosmopolitan city should have.
Jesús E. Salgado no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 18th, 2012, 11:11 AM   #4316
Jesús E. Salgado
Registered User
 
Jesús E. Salgado's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2008
Location: Los Angeles County
Posts: 9,758
Likes (Received): 278

Guadalajara Jalisco


Airport
Aeropuerto



Arches
Arcos



Carriages
Carriolas



Downtown
Centro



Downtown
Centro




----------------------------------------------------------------
Visit this posts to get to know how the city of Los Angeles developed through the years

Visit the United States through pictures.
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=24626612

Evolution through time of Los Angeles California
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=30802436
Jesús E. Salgado no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 19th, 2012, 08:39 AM   #4317
Jesús E. Salgado
Registered User
 
Jesús E. Salgado's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2008
Location: Los Angeles County
Posts: 9,758
Likes (Received): 278

Guadalajara Jalisco

Ice Cream man
Paletero



Mounted police
Policia montado



Selling snacks
Vendiendo antojitos



Shoe Shine man
Lustrador de calzado



Metro Station
Metro Station





----------------------------------------------------------------
Visit this posts to get to know how the city of Los Angeles developed through the years

Visit the United States through pictures.
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=24626612

Evolution through time of Los Angeles California
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=30802436
Jesús E. Salgado no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 19th, 2012, 10:14 PM   #4318
Jesús E. Salgado
Registered User
 
Jesús E. Salgado's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2008
Location: Los Angeles County
Posts: 9,758
Likes (Received): 278

The only thing more Mexican than tequila is the mariachi and it seems a shame to have one without the other.

Mariachi goes beyond music, it is the sum of a cultural revolution expressed through a group of musicians, dressed in popular clothing (most recently charro suits) which encompasses the essence of Mexico and its people. It is something cultural, spiritual and traditional that is unique to this country, an experience not to be missed.

The word mariachi refers to the musicians now commonly seen in restaurants or strolling the streets, dressed in silver studded charro outfits with wide brimmed hats playing a variety of instruments which include violins, guitars, basses, vihuelas (a 5 string guitar) and trumpets.

Their songs speak about machismo, love, betrayal, death, politics, revolutionary heroes and even animals (one particularly famous song is "La Cucaracha").

The mariachi originated in the southern part of the state of Jalisco sometime in the 19th century. No one is sure where the name comes from although a variety of theories have been postulated and, depending on which best fits the postulators needs, are adhered to.

Mariachi Group on Parade The original theory held that mariachi was derived from the French word for wedding - mariage, because of the type of music played at these events. The only problem with this theory is that the music originates in a part of Mexico the French never visited and, even it they had, it began before their arrival in 1864.

Another theory states that the word comes from the indigenous name of the Pilla or Cirimo tree, whose wood is used to make guitars. If this were true then the word mariachi would be applied to the instrument itself and not to those who play it.

It has also been suggested that the name comes from a festival in honor of a virgin known as Maria H. (mah-ree-ah AH-chay) at which musicians played and that over time they were given this name.

The truth is that no one knows where the name originated, but it is one which is associated with a great deal of prestige not only in Mexico, but around the world.

The origins of the mariachi itself (the group, culture, music, etc.) are not much easier to trace. The mariachi is the sum of a cultural evolution that has taken place over the last century or so in Mexico.

Although the indigenous tribes of Mexico made music with flutes, drums and whistles, there is no clear link between the indigenous music and the mariachi. The instruments originally used by the mariachi were those introduced by the Spaniards - violins, guitars, vihuelas, harps, etc. These instruments were intended to be used during masses but the criollos (Mexicans of Spanish descent) began using them to make popular music as well, much to the chagrin of the priests, since they were used to accompany some of the more scandalous, satirical or anticlerical couplets of the times.

Mariachi music thrived with the support of the people. The criollos of the 19th century did all they could to wipe out every last trace of the Spanish presence in Mexico and, by doing so, supported the mariachi music.

Mariachis could be seen wearing traditional workmen's clothes - white pants and shirt and a straw hat, and traveling around looking for work. Most commonly they would find employment at any of the haciendas where they would earn more than the average laborer.

Mariachi Stage Performance With the revolution, many of the haciendas were forced to let the mariachis go. They would then wander from town to town singing songs of revolutionary heroes and enemies, carrying news from one place to another.

Still not enjoying the same position they had before, the mariachis took to playing in public venues for a fee. One of the most popular of these was San Pedro Tlaquepaque in the state of Jalisco, a fashionable place for the residents of Guadalajara to spend their summers.

Since they were playing for a fee they were forced to add new elements to their music and to expand their repertoire to include waltzes and polkas.

By the early part of this century, the mariachi began to regain its popularity. The most prized of the mariachis were still those from the state of Jalisco, particularly the areas of Cocula and Tecalitlán. They represented Mexico to the people during the Independence day celebrations in Mexico City in 1933 as well as during Lázaro Cárdenas' election campaign in 1936.

With the advent of radio and television, their popularity continued to grow. Recording contracts were signed and they were paired with famous singers like Jorge Negrete and Pedro Infante. Due to the popularity of jazz and Cuban music, the trumpet was adopted, pushing the violins into second place and, in some cases, replacing the harp.

Movies were made that represented Mexico as a place populated with truly macho men whose live revolved around the charro, tequila and, of course, the mariachi.

Today, mariachi music is played around the world in places as far away as Japan and Europe. This integral part of Mexico's culture and history is celebrated each September in its birth place, Jalisco.

Last edited by Jesús E. Salgado; March 20th, 2012 at 11:12 AM.
Jesús E. Salgado no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 20th, 2012, 11:01 AM   #4319
Jesús E. Salgado
Registered User
 
Jesús E. Salgado's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2008
Location: Los Angeles County
Posts: 9,758
Likes (Received): 278

Guadalajara Jalisco

Auditorio Telmex
Telmex Auditorium



Zapopán Basilica
Basilica of Zapopan




Guadalajara University
Universidad de Guadalajara





Municipal Palace Zapopán
Palacio Municipal de Zapopán





Art Museum in Zapopán
Museo Arte Zapopan


[IMG]hhttp://img11.imageshack.us/img11/5471/museoartezapopan.jpg[/IMG]



----------------------------------------------------------------
Visit this posts to get to know how the city of Los Angeles developed through the years

Visit the United States through pictures.
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=24626612

Evolution through time of Los Angeles California
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=30802436

Last edited by Jesús E. Salgado; March 20th, 2012 at 11:31 AM.
Jesús E. Salgado no está en línea   Reply With Quote
Old March 21st, 2012, 08:54 AM   #4320
Jesús E. Salgado
Registered User
 
Jesús E. Salgado's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2008
Location: Los Angeles County
Posts: 9,758
Likes (Received): 278

Guadalajara Jalisco

Guadalajara Cathedral interior
Interior de Catedral de Guadalajara



Guadalajara Cathedral interior
Interior de Catedral de Guadalajara




Cathedral
Catedral




Cathedral
Catedral



Cathedral and Plaza de Armas
Catedral y Plaza de Armas






----------------------------------------------------------------
Visit this posts to get to know how the city of Los Angeles developed through the years

Visit the United States through pictures.
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=24626612

Evolution through time of Los Angeles California
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=30802436
Jesús E. Salgado no está en línea   Reply With Quote


Reply

Thread Tools

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off

Related topics on SkyscraperCity


All times are GMT +2. The time now is 09:41 AM.


Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.11 Beta 4
Copyright ©2000 - 2018, vBulletin Solutions Inc.
Feedback Buttons provided by Advanced Post Thanks / Like (Pro) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2018 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.

vBulletin Optimisation provided by vB Optimise (Pro) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2018 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.

SkyscraperCity ☆ In Urbanity We trust ☆ about us | privacy policy | DMCA policy

tech management by Sysprosium