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Old September 10th, 2012, 01:08 AM   #4601
Jesús E. Salgado
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México, Distrito Federal


Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo




----------------------------------------------------
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Old September 10th, 2012, 12:08 PM   #4602
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México, Distrito Federal


Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo




----------------------------------------------------
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Old September 11th, 2012, 12:28 AM   #4603
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México, Distrito Federal


Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo




----------------------------------------------------
Visit this posts to get to know how the city of Los Angeles developed through the years

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Old September 11th, 2012, 11:49 AM   #4604
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México, Distrito Federal


Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo




----------------------------------------------------
Visit this posts to get to know how the city of Los Angeles developed through the years

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Old September 11th, 2012, 10:35 PM   #4605
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México, Distrito Federal


Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo




----------------------------------------------------
Visit this posts to get to know how the city of Los Angeles developed through the years

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Old September 12th, 2012, 12:12 PM   #4606
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México, Distrito Federal


Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo






----------------------------------------------------
Visit this posts to get to know how the city of Los Angeles developed through the years

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Old September 13th, 2012, 04:12 AM   #4607
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México, Distrito Federal


Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



----------------------------------------------------
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Old September 13th, 2012, 12:57 PM   #4608
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México, Distrito Federal


Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum, asylum permit
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo, permiso e asilo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum, Trotsky with American comrades in Mexico, shortly before his assassination, 1940.
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo, Trotsky con amigos norteamiracos en México, poco antes de su asesinato en 1940







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Old September 13th, 2012, 10:49 PM   #4609
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Leon Trotsky

Lev Davidovich Bronshtein (he assumed the name Leon Trotsky in 1902) was born in Yanovka, Russia, on 7th November, 1879. His parents were Jewish and owned a farm in the Ukraine. When Trotsky was eight years old his father sent him to Odessa to be educated. Six years later he was transferred to Nikolayev where he was first introduced to the ideas of Karl Marx.

In 1897 he became involved in organizing the underground South Russian Workers' Union. He was sent to Siberia after being arrested for revolutionary activity. After four years in captivity, he escaped and eventually made his way to London. Trotsky joined the Social Democratic Party and while in England he met and worked with a group of Marxists producing the journal Iskra. This included George Plekhanov, Pavel Axelrod, Vera Zasulich, Vladimir Lenin and Julius Martov.

At the Second Congress of the Social Democratic Party held in London in 1903, there was a dispute between Vladimir Lenin and Julius Martov. Lenin argued for a small party of professional revolutionaries with a large fringe of non-party sympathizers and supporters. Martov disagreed believing it was better to have a large party of activists. Martov won the vote 28-23 but Lenin was unwilling to accept the result and formed a faction known as the Bolsheviks. Those who remained loyal to Martov became known as Mensheviks.

A large number of the Social Democratic Party joined the Bolsheviks. This included Gregory Zinoviev, Joseph Stalin, Anatoli Lunacharsky, Mikhail Lashevich, Nadezhda Krupskaya, Alexei Rykov, Yakov Sverdlov, Mikhail Frunze, Maxim Litvinov, Vladimir Antonov, Felix Dzerzhinsky, Gregory Ordzhonikidze, and Alexander Bogdanov.

Trotsky supported Julius Martov. So also did George Plekhanov, Pavel Axelrod, Lev Deich, Vladimir Antonov-Ovseenko, Irakli Tsereteli, Moisei Uritsky, Vera Zasulich, Noi Zhordania and Fedor Dan. Trotsky returned to Russia during the 1905 Revolution. Trotsky became heavily involved in the creation of the St. Petersburg Soviet and was eventually elected chairman. Over the next few weeks over 50 of these soviets were formed all over Russia.

Anatoli Lunacharsky recorded: "Trotsky's popularity among the St. Petersburg proletariat was very great by the time of his arrest, and this was increased still further by his strikingly effective and heroic behaviour at the trial. I must say that Trotsky, of all the Social Democratic leaders of 1905-06, undoubtedly showed himself, in spite of his youth, the best prepared; and he was the least stamped by the narrow emigre outlook which handicapped even Lenin. He realized better than the others what a state struggle is. He came out of the revolution, too, with the greatest gains in popularity; neither Lenin nor Martov gained much. Plekhanov lost a great deal because of the semi-liberal tendencies which he revealed. But from then on Trotsky was in the front rank."

With the failings of the Duma, the Soviets were seen as the legitimate workers' government. Trotsky and the Soviets challenged the power of Nicholas II and attempted to enforce promises made in the October Manifesto such as the freedom of the press, assembly and association. In December, 1905, the St. Petersburg Soviet was crushed and Trotsky was arrested and imprisoned.

In October, 1906 Trotsky was sentenced to internal exile and deprived of all civil rights. While in prison Trotsky developed the theory of permanent revolution. After two years in Siberia Trotsky managed to escape and eventually reached Vienna where he joined forces with Adolf Joffe to publish the journal, Pravda. Trotsky was now seen as one of the most important figures in the Russian revolutionary movement and Vladimir Lenin asked Lev Kamenev to try and persuade him to join the Bolsheviks.

On the outbreak of the First World War Trotsky was forced to leave Vienna. He went to Zurich where he published a pamphlet attacking German socialists for supported the war. In November, 1914, Trotsky moved to Paris where he became one of the editors of Social Democratic Party newspaper, Nashe Slovo.

Trotsky continued to denounce the First World War and joined with the pacifists in urged workers not to participate in the conflict. This led to him being arrested by the French authorities and in September, 1916, he was deported to Spain. Hounded by the Spanish police, Trotsky decided to move to the United States.

Trotsky arrived in New York in January, 1917 and worked with Nikolai Bukharin and Alexandra Kollontai in publishing the revolutionary newspaper Novy Mir.

After the overthrow of Nicholas II in February, 1917, Trotsky set off for Russia. However, Okhrana had been monitoring Trotsky's activities and managed to persuade the British authorities to arrest him when his ship arrived in the Canadian port of Halifax. The police held Trotsky in detention for a month and he was only released after protests from the Provisional Government.

Trotsky arrived back in Russia in May, 1917. He disapproved of the support that many leading Mensheviks were now giving to the Provisional Government and the war effort and in July joined the Bolsheviks. The new prime minister, Alexander Kerensky, now realized that Trotsky was a major threat to his government and had him arrested.

On 7th September, General Lavr Kornilov demanded the resignation of the Cabinet and the surrender of all military and civil authority to the Russian Army. Kerensky responded by dismissing Kornilov from office and ordering him back to Petrograd.

Lavr Kornilov now sent troops under the leadership of General Krymov to take control of Petrograd. Kerensky was now in danger and so he called on the Soviets and the Red Guards to protect Petrograd. The Bolsheviks, who controlled these organizations, agreed to this request, but insisted on the release of their members from prison. Trotsky was released and on 23rd September, he was elected chairman of the Petrograd Soviet. He immediately helped to enlist 25,000 armed recruits to defend Petrograd.

While they dug trenches and fortified the city, delegations of soldiers were sent out to talk to the advancing troops. Meetings were held and Kornilov's troops eventually decided to refuse to attack Petrograd. Trotsky also became a member of the Petrograd Revolutionary Committee and played an important role in organizing the October Revolution that brought the Bolsheviks to power.

In November, 1917, Vladimir Lenin appointed Trotsky as the people's commissar for foreign affairs. The following month he led the Russian delegation at Brest-Litovsk that was negotiating with representatives from Germany and Austria. Trotsky had the difficult task of trying to end Russian participation in the First World War without having to grant territory to the Central Powers. By employing delaying tactics Trotsky hoped that socialist revolutions would spread from Russia to Germany and Austria-Hungary before he had to sign the treaty.

After nine weeks of discussions without agreement, the German Army was ordered to resume its advance into Russia. On 3rd March 1918, with German troops moving towards Petrograd, Vladimir Lenin ordered Trotsky to accept the terms of the Central Powers. The Brest-Litovsk Treaty resulted in the Russians surrendering the Ukraine, Finland, the Baltic provinces, the Caucasus and Poland.

After the October Revolution it was decided by Vladimir Lenin that the old Russian Army would have to be turned into an instrument of the Communist Party. The old army was demobilized and in January 1918 the Soviet government ordered the formation of the Red Army of Workers and Peasants. Trotsky, as Commissar of War, was appointed its leader.

The Red Army had to be established quickly as it was needed to fight the White Army during the Civil War. Trotsky was forced to recruit a large number of officers from the old army. He was criticized for this but he argued that it would be impossible to fight the war without the employment of experienced army officers.

Initially a volunteer army, losses during the Civil War forced the Soviet government to introduce conscription in June, 1918. Vladimir Lenin was impressed by Trotsky's achievements and in 1919 remarked to Maxim Gorky: "Show me another man who could have practically created a model army in a year and won respect of the military specialist as well."

An outstanding military commander, Trotsky led his five million man army to victory and in doing so ensured the survival of the Bolshevik government. Trotsky was also elected a member of Communist Party Central Committee. Much to the dismay of his former supporters, Trotsky advocated the idea of the State control of trade unions and their merging with government bodies. This lost him the support of former Mensheviks such as Alexandra Kollontai.

By 1921 the Kronstadt sailors had become disillusioned with the Bolshevik government. They were angry about the lack of democracy and the policy of War Communism. On 28th February, 1921, the crew of the battleship, Petropavlovsk, passed a resolution calling for a return of full political freedoms.

Lenin denounced the Kronstadt Uprising as a plot instigated by the White Army and their European supporters. On 6th March, Trotsky announced that he was going to order the Red Army to attack the Kronstadt sailors. However, it was not until the 17th March that government forces were able to take control of Kronstadt. An estimated 8,000 people (sailors and civilians) left Kronstadt and went to live in Finland. Official figures suggest that 527 people were killed and 4,127 were wounded. Historians who have studied the uprising believe that the total number of casualties was much higher than this. According to Victor Serge over 500 sailors at Kronstadt were executed for their part in the rebellion.

Nikolai Sukhanov reminded Trotsky that three years previously he had told the people of Petrograd: "We shall conduct the work of the Petrograd Soviet in a spirit of lawfulness and of full freedom for all parties. The hand of the Presidium will never lend itself to the suppression of the minority." Trotsky lapsed into silence for a while, then said wistfully: "Those were good days."

In 1921 Alexandra Kollontai published her pamphlet The Workers' Opposition, where she called for the trade unionists to be given more political freedom. She also argued that before the government attempts to "rid Soviet institutions of the bureaucracy that lurks within them, the Party must first rid itself of its own bureaucracy." Trotsky's prestige in the government was now very high and those who held these anti-bureaucratic views were either dismissed from office or were sent abroad as members of the diplomatic service.

Vladimir Lenin found the disagreements over the New Economic Policy exhausting. His health had been poor ever since Dora Kaplan had shot him in 1918. Severe headaches limited his sleep and understandably he began to suffer from fatigue. Lenin decided he needed someone to help him control the Communist Party. At the Party Conference in April, 1922, Vladimir Lenin suggested that a new post of General Secretary should be created. Lenin's choice for the post was Joseph Stalin, who in the past had always loyally supported his policies. Stalin's main opponents for the future leadership of the party failed to see the importance of this position and actually supported his nomination. They initially saw the post of General Secretary as being no more than "Lenin's mouthpiece".

Soon after Stalin's appointment as General Secretary, Vladimir Lenin went into hospital to have a bullet removed from his body that had been there since Kaplan's assassination attempt. It was hoped that this operation would restore his health. This was not to be; soon afterwards, a blood vessel broke in Lenin's brain. This left him paralyzed all down his right side and for a time he was unable to speak. As "Lenin's mouthpiece", Joseph Stalin had suddenly become extremely important.

While Vladimir Lenin was immobilized, Joseph Stalin made full use of his powers as General Secretary. At the Party Congress he had been granted permission to expel "unsatisfactory" party members. This enabled Stalin to remove thousands of supporters of Trotsky, his main rival for the leadership of the party. As General Secretary, Stalin also had the power to appoint and sack people from important positions in the government. The new holders of these posts were fully aware that they owed their promotion to Stalin. They also knew that if their behaviour did not please Stalin they would be replaced.

Surrounded by his supporters, Stalin's confidence began to grow. In October, 1922, he disagreed with Vladimir Lenin over the issue of foreign trade. When the matter was discussed at Central Committee, Stalin's rather Lenin's policy was accepted. Lenin began to fear that Stalin was taking over the leadership of the party. Lenin wrote to Trotsky asking for his support. Trotsky agreed and at the next meeting of the Central Committee the decision on foreign trade was reversed. Lenin, who was too ill to attend, wrote to Trotsky congratulating him on his success and suggesting that in future they should work together against Stalin.

Stalin, whose wife Nadya Alliluyeva worked in Lenin's private office, soon discovered the contents of the letter sent to Trotsky. Stalin was furious as he realized that if Lenin and Trotsky worked together against him, his political career would be at an end. In a fit of temper Stalin made an abusive phone-call to Lenin's life, Nadezhda Krupskaya, accusing her of endangering Lenin's life by allowing him to write letters when he was so ill.

After Krupskaya told her husband of the phone-call, Vladimir Lenin made the decision that Stalin was not the man to replace him as the leader of the party. Lenin knew he was close to death so he dictated to his secretary a letter that he wanted to serve as his last "will and testament". The document was comprised of his thoughts on the senior members of the party leadership. He wrote: "Comrade Stalin, having become General Secretary, has concentrated enormous power in his hands: and I am not sure that he always knows how to use that power with sufficient caution. I therefore propose to our comrades to consider a means of removing Stalin from this post and appointing someone else who differs from Stalin in one weighty respect: being more tolerant, more loyal, more polite, more considerate of his comrades."

However, Vladimir Lenin died before any action was taken. For a while Trotsky was considered to be the person who would replace the ailing Vladimir Lenin. However, Trotsky's inability to compromise had made him many enemies. His anti-Bolshevik past also made him unpopular with those who had been members of the Bolshevik faction since 1903.

After the death of Lenin, Joseph Stalin joined forces with two left-wing members of the Politburo, Gregory Zinoviev and Lev Kamenev to keep Trotsky from power. Both these men had reason to believe that Trotsky would dismiss them from power once he became leader. Stalin encouraged these fears. He also suggested that old party activists like themselves had more right to lead the Bolsheviks than Trotsky, who had only joined the party in 1917.

Trotsky accused Stalin of being dictatorial and called for the introduction of more democracy into the party. Gregory Zinoviev and Lev Kamenev united behind Stalin and accused Trotsky of creating divisions in the party.

Trotsky's main hope of gaining power was for Lenin's last testament to be published. In May, 1924, Lenin's widow, Nadezhda Krupskaya, demanded that the Central Committee announce its contents to the rest of the party. Gregory Zinoviev argued strongly against its publication. He finished his speech with the words: "You have all witnessed our harmonious cooperation in the last few months, and, like myself, you will be happy to say that Lenin's fears have proved baseless. The new members of the Central Committee, who had been sponsored by Stalin, guaranteed that the vote went against Lenin's testament being made public.

In 1925 Stalin was able to arrange for Trotsky to be removed from power. Some of Trotsky's supporters pleaded with him to organize a military coup. As commissar of war Trotsky was in a good position to arrange this. However, Trotsky rejected the idea and instead resigned his post.

Trotsky and Joseph Stalin clashed over the future strategy of the country. Stalin favoured what he called "socialism in one country" whereas Trotsky still supported the idea of world revolution. In 1927 Stalin was able to get Trotsky expelled from the Communist Party. Two years later he was ordered to leave the Soviet Union. As Trotsky was still advocating world revolution, most countries refused to take him in. Eventually he was accepted by Turkey and soon afterwards he heard that his daughter, Zina, had died in mysterious circumstances in Berlin.

In July, 1933, Trotsky moved to France. The French government came under pressure from Fascists and Stalinists to expel Trotsky from the country. In April, 1934, the French government issued a decree ordering Trotsky's deportation. However, no other country would accept him and it was not until June, 1935, that Norway accepted him.

The Norwegian government was now encouraged to expel Trotsky. Under pressure from Joseph Stalin, the government placed him under house arrest before being deported to Mexico in December, 1936. The following year Trotsky's son Sergi was arrested in the Soviet Union. He was later to die in one of Stalin's concentration camps.

In April, 1937, Trotsky appeared before a commission of inquiry in New York headed by John Dewey. Trotsky was found not guilty of the charges of treason being made by Stalin. Trotsky's son, Leon Sedov, died in mysterious circumstances in Paris on 16th February, 1938 and it is generally believed that he was murdered by the GPU.

While in exile Trotsky published My Life(1930), History of the Russian Revolution (1932), The Russian Revolution Betrayed (1937) and Stalin (1941). George Bernard Shaw said of these books: "When Trotsky cuts off his opponent's head, he holds it up to show that there are no brains in it."

After the publication of the three volumes on the Russian Revolution the critic, Bertram D. Wolfe, argued: "It is a history which no historian of Russia and no historian of revolution can afford to neglect. But let him be forewarned that Trotsky's is a pen that is frequently as persuasive as it is continuously one-sided... But particularly here must the reader come well equipped with an awareness of the truths of the defeated - the more so because somewhere concealed in this blinding flood of words which record the victory of Trotsky and his party, are also some of the secrets which explain why Trotsky, too, must in the end be reckoned as one of the defeated."

Under orders from Joseph Stalin, Leon Trotsky was assassinated by Ramon Mercader in Mexico City on 20th August, 1940.








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Evolution through time of Los Angeles California
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Old September 14th, 2012, 11:37 AM   #4610
Jesús E. Salgado
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México, Distrito Federal


Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo




----------------------------------------------------
Visit this posts to get to know how the city of Los Angeles developed through the years

Visit the United States through pictures.
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=24626612

Evolution through time of Los Angeles California
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=786986
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Old September 15th, 2012, 12:03 PM   #4611
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México, Distrito Federal


Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo





----------------------------------------------------
Visit this posts to get to know how the city of Los Angeles developed through the years

Visit the United States through pictures.
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=24626612

Evolution through time of Los Angeles California
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=786986
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Old September 16th, 2012, 01:18 AM   #4612
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México, Distrito Federal


Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo





----------------------------------------------------
Visit this posts to get to know how the city of Los Angeles developed through the years

Visit the United States through pictures.
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=24626612

Evolution through time of Los Angeles California
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=786986
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Old September 16th, 2012, 11:27 AM   #4613
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México, Distrito Federal


Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo





----------------------------------------------------
Visit this posts to get to know how the city of Los Angeles developed through the years

Visit the United States through pictures.
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=24626612

Evolution through time of Los Angeles California
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=786986
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Old September 16th, 2012, 11:15 PM   #4614
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México, Distrito Federal


Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo



Home of León Trotsky in Coyoacán in Mexico Distrito Federal, now a a day a Museum
Casa de León Trotsky en Coyoacán en Mexico Distrito Federal, hoy en dia un museo





----------------------------------------------------
Visit this posts to get to know how the city of Los Angeles developed through the years

Visit the United States through pictures.
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=24626612

Evolution through time of Los Angeles California
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=786986
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Old September 17th, 2012, 12:04 PM   #4615
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México, Distrito Federal


Xochimilco



Xochimilco



Xochimilco



Xochimilco



Xochimilco





----------------------------------------------------
Visit this posts to get to know how the city of Los Angeles developed through the years

Visit the United States through pictures.
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=24626612

Evolution through time of Los Angeles California
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=786986
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Old September 18th, 2012, 05:01 AM   #4616
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México, Distrito Federal

Xochimilco


When visiting Mexico City, there is an abundance of day trips to choose from when planning your activities. A fantastic destination to explore can be found just outside the city. This is where the historic canals of Xochimilco (so-chee-mil-co) are located. In Nahuatl, the language of the Aztecs, Xochimilco means "garden of flowers". Enjoyed by foreigners and nationals alike, this magical location dates back several centuries.

Miles of canals dot the landscape in Xochimilco, enchanting the senses with their natural beauty. Flat-bottomed boats called trajineras travel these waters, as they have for hundreds of years. Produce and flowers grow in abundance in this exotic atmosphere. What makes Xochimilco so fascinating is its embodiment of traditional Mexican culture. These canals and gardens represent a living example of an ingenious agricultural practice that was invented long ago.

The Xochimilca people settled in the Valley of Mexico between the eighth and tenth centuries. One of the key challenges for these early inhabitants were the vast amount of wetlands that the area possessed. Traditional farming methods were not conducive in this setting. To surmount the obstacles this water-filled environment presented, the Xochimilca came up with a creative solution.

Postcard View of Xochimilco from the '50s

Postcard of Xochimilco from the 1950's

Using available resources, these settlers built chinampas (floating gardens) on the surface waters of Lake Xochimilco. Using cane structures, mud was placed inside these containers and were anchored in position by trees lining the shore. Fertilizer was culled from the floor of the lake bed which was rich in aquatic mulch. Flowers, fruits and vegetables grew abundantly using this successful farming method.

The Xochimilca people who established these chinampas were ultimately conquered by the Aztecs, who in turn utilized these floating gardens to feed their growing empire. During its height, the chinampa system extended over 22,000 acres of wetlands and provided food for tens of thousands of people. The canals were built to navigate the chinampas and to provide a transportation corridor which brought produce to the Aztec Empire.

Today, the existing canals of Xochimilco represent only a fraction of their former acreage. A portion of the canals have been set aside, dedicated to an ecological park, the Parque Natural Xochimilco. This area of Mexico represents the only remaining habitat for the Axolotl salamander, a critically endangered species. Also, a great number of birds make their home here, including herons, egrets and ducks, to name just a few. In actuality, Xochimilco is home to over 150 native birds with approximately 70 species visiting the canals during the winter season.

Visiting Xochimilco provides the traveler the opportunity to view a part of Mexico's historic past. On Saturdays a popular produce market attracts large crowds. In the 1920's when the area was first starting to attract tourists, Xochimilco was affectionately called "the Venice of Mexico". In 1987 it was designated a World Heritage site by UNESCO.

Spending time here is popular with both visitors and residents alike. The brightly colored trajineras are available to rent on a per hour basis. The canals of Xochimilco provide a festival-like atmosphere with the sound of mariachi bands filling the air. Smaller canoes with vendors sell everything from corn-on-the-cob to blankets to chilled beverages. This travel destination is a wonderful spot to enjoy recreation, fun and great scenery.


----------------------------------------------------
Visit this posts to get to know how the city of Los Angeles developed through the years

Visit the United States through pictures.
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=24626612

Evolution through time of Los Angeles California
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=786986
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Old September 18th, 2012, 10:33 PM   #4617
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México, Distrito Federal


Xochimilco



Xochimilco



Xochimilco



Xochimilco



Xochimilco





----------------------------------------------------
Visit this posts to get to know how the city of Los Angeles developed through the years

Visit the United States through pictures.
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=24626612

Evolution through time of Los Angeles California
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=786986
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Old September 19th, 2012, 07:28 AM   #4618
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Keep up the good job, Jesus.

Thanks for sharing.
__________________


Wichtige Änderungen beginnen immer mit ganz neuen Perspektiven.

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Old September 19th, 2012, 08:17 AM   #4619
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Vielen Dank, Assemblage23


Ich bin der gleichen Meinung, die große Veränderungen immer mit neuen Produkten beginnen werden.
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Old September 19th, 2012, 10:24 PM   #4620
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México, Distrito Federal


Xochimilco



Xochimilco



Xochimilco



Xochimilco



Xochimilco





----------------------------------------------------
Visit this posts to get to know how the city of Los Angeles developed through the years

Visit the United States through pictures.
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/newrep...e=1&p=24626612

Evolution through time of Los Angeles California
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=786986
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