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View Poll Results: Scale from 1 to 10, 10 being SUPER and 1 being BAD, what would you rate the Airport??
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Old December 9th, 2008, 04:31 PM   #2741
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Old December 10th, 2008, 04:22 AM   #2742
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港經滴急滑業界震驚國泰貨運收益 挫25%
10 December 2008
太陽報

【太陽報專訊】香港經濟的最壞時刻未過,包括出口、地產、餐飲及旅遊業等,全面受到金融海嘯的衝擊,其中本港出口顯著放緩,情況令業界震驚,業內人士指,在缺乏歐美買家下,經營環境較○三年「沙士」更嚴峻。國際貨幣基金組織(國基會)認為,未來數月本港經濟增長會顯著下降。國泰(00293)行政總裁湯彥麟周一指,目前經營環境甚為艱難,又以「very scary」形容現時的危機,難以預見困難環境何時完結。集團常務總裁史樂山於內部通訊指,截至十一月二十九日的一星期統計,周內貨運收益與○七年同期下跌25%,情況令人擔憂。國泰數據顯示,八月、九月及十月載運貨物分別錄得約14.05萬噸、14.15萬噸及14.44萬噸,同比下跌3.1%、7.3%及7.4%。

國際航空運輸協會(IATA)表示,由於燃料成本下降,抵銷載客量減少的影響,預估全球航空業明年虧損將縮減一半至25億美元(約195億港元)。據政府統計處公布,八月、九月及十月本港整體出口貨值出乎市場預期,分別按年上升1.9%、3.6%及9.4%。然而,貿發局助理首席經濟師潘永才預期,本港十一及十二月出口有機會錄得負增長。國基會最新發表對香港的檢討報告,預期香港未來數月經濟增長將顯著下跌,明年經濟增長也將顯著放緩至只有2%,失業率亦將持續攀升,而明年的消費物價通脹將會降至3%以下,但中期仍然看好本港前景,相信可達至每年平均5%的經濟增長,該會又重申支持聯繫匯率制度。

招商局明年放慢投資

內地的貿易情況轉差,來自金融海嘯的打擊正逐漸浮現,招商局國際(00144)主席兼董事總經理傅育寧表示,十一月全國出口仍然保持增長,但廣東省地區則出現下跌,他並預計明年上半年珠三角的出口將面臨較大壓力,故相信明年集團旗下港口吞吐量,將保持低增長速度或持平,故集團明年將放慢投資速度。
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Old December 10th, 2008, 04:34 PM   #2743
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Old December 11th, 2008, 02:00 PM   #2744
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Old December 12th, 2008, 11:57 AM   #2745
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Transport deal won't hurt HK, says Taipei City will still be transit point, says official
12 December 2008
South China Morning Post

Taiwan's top mainland affairs official, Lai Shin-yuan, has played down the impact of direct cross-strait transport links on Hong Kong's economy, as the island's relations with the city have improved sharply this year.

"I don't think the impact will be that strong. So far, only 10 per cent of the number of passenger flights are being shifted to the weekend charters," said Dr Lai, chairwoman of the Mainland Affairs Council, in an interview with the South China Morning Post.

Hong Kong has long been a transit point for more than 5 million Taiwanese visitors going to and from the mainland annually, but this advantageous and lucrative position has been threatened following cross-strait rapprochement led by Ma Ying-jeou, Taiwanese president of the mainland-friendly Kuomintang.

Taipei and Beijing signed an agreement in June to operate 36 weekend charter flights and another deal to allow 3,000 mainland tourists a day to visit the island.

Last month they agreed to extend the number of flights to 108 a week, turning the weekend charters into daily charters. The sides also agreed to operate 60 direct cargo charters a month, and direct shipping, which must currently go by way of a third location, usually Okinawa.

The tourist industry and airlines in Hong Kong have expressed concern at the direct transport agreement set to be passed by the Taiwanese legislature today in order to become effective next Monday.

"Even with the direct daily flights, the impact on Hong Kong will not be as huge as thought, given a passenger occupancy volume of 5 million per year," Dr Lai said. This number amounts to around 500 flights a week, meaning the rest of the passengers will still have to go via Hong Kong after the demand of 108 direct flights a week is met, she said.

Hong Kong's acting secretary for transport and housing, Yau Shing-mu, has admitted that the transport agreements between the mainland and Taiwan would have an impact on traveller numbers.

But he has also pointed out that Hong Kong supports the implementation of cross-strait direct links, as stable and harmonious relations would "help to promote economic activities among the mainland, Taiwan and Hong Kong in the long run".

While Hong Kong is adjusting to fit in with the changes, Mr Yau said, the city's government was fully prepared to grasp the opportunities brought about by the improvement of cross-strait relations, including setting up a branch office of the Hong Kong Trade Development Council in Taiwan to promote bilateral trade.

Dr Lai said the setting up of the branch office on December 5 in Taipei represented unprecedented cordial relations between Taiwan and Hong Kong, which has been cautious in dealing with the island since it reverted to mainland rule in 1997.

"There has also been an increase in the number of high-level contacts, including a recent meeting between Chiang Pin-kung and Donald Tsang in Hong Kong,' said Dr Lai, adding "these are good signs indicating improvement of Taiwan-Hong Kong relations".

Hong Kong's chief executive, Donald Tsang Yam-kuen, met Mr Chiang, chairman of Taiwan's Straits Exchange Foundation, when he visited Hong Kong in July.
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Old December 14th, 2008, 05:53 AM   #2746
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HK Airport Press Release:
Airport Puts Multimodal Transport Links to the Test at Annual Crash Exercise
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Old December 15th, 2008, 05:41 PM   #2747
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Passengers, cargo drop at Hong Kong airport in November
14 December 2008
Agence France Presse





The volume of cargo handled at Hong Kong International Airport dropped 18.7 percent in November compared to the previous year, the latest sign of the reduced demand for exports, officials said.

The airport, a key port for goods being transported from the southern China manufacturing belt to global markets, handled 296,000 tonnes of cargo in November, airport figures released Sunday showed.

Passenger numbers also fell during the month, dropping 5.6 percent year-on-year to 3.8 million.

The number of overall flights in and out of the airport fell 1.3 percent during the period, the airport said in a statement.

The disappointing cargo figures were due to a steep decline in demand from North American markets, as well as in Europe, southeast Asia and Taiwan, it added.

Passenger numbers were hit hardest in the long-haul sector, but there was also a significant fall in travellers from mainland China and across southeast Asia.

The closure of Thailand's Suvarnabhumi Airport at the end of the month, which saw 230 flights cancelled because of anti-government protests also led to the year-on-year drop.

"While the rapid and drastic reduction of fuel costs has brought considerable relief to airlines, the aviation industry is facing harder times with negative market sentiment and shrinking demand for services," Stanley Hui Hon-chung, chief executive officer of the Airport Authority, said.

"We believe the market is not likely to rebound soon, and a continued decline in air traffic is expected in the coming months, reflecting the continued impact of economic slowdown in major economies worldwide."

Cargo tonnage over the first 11 months of the year dropped 0.6 percent compared to the previous year, while passenger volume grew 2.4 percent over the same period.
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Old December 16th, 2008, 10:50 AM   #2748
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聖誕加班航機急跌五成
15 December 2008

【東方日報專訊】金融海嘯重創本港航空業。即將來臨的聖誕新年假期原是市民外遊旺季,但今年的聖誕加班機較去年急跌五成,民航處暫只收到航空公司提出一百廿一班加班機申請。此外,香港國際機場客貨運量連續四個月下跌,其中貨運量的跌幅持續擴大,上月急跌百分之十八點七,是新機場開幕十年以來最大單月跌幅。機場管理局預料市場難在短期內復甦,航空交通量將繼續下跌。

民航處發言人表示,本月廿日至下月六日的聖誕旅遊旺季,暫只有一百廿一班加班航班,較去年同期二百卅七班大減近五成,當中有四十七班是來往日本、卅四班來往台灣、十七班來往南韓。至於港人旅遊熱點的泰國,則受政局動盪影響,暫只有五班加班機申請,更有機會取消。

國泰航空發言人表示,國泰在上述日子內只有約卅九班加班航機,較去年同期六十二班少近四成,加班機主要往來日本北海道,因不少港人喜歡冬天到北海道滑雪。港龍航空發言人稱,港龍今年聖誕及新年期間只有五班加班機前往東南亞地區。

減團費無助救亡

康泰旅行社總經理劉美詩透露,今年聖誕報團人數下跌五至六個百分點,最多人報團的地方是日本、韓國及北京;長線團則以澳洲最熱門。東瀛遊旅行社執行董事禤國全則稱,聖誕報團人數較去年跌一成,由於團費下調,營業額跌幅更大,市民今年主要到日本、南韓、北京旅遊,至於泰國團客量則激跌七成。

另外,本港機場客貨運量連續四個月下跌(見表)。十一月份的貨運量為二十九萬六千公噸,較去年同期急跌百分之十八點七,較十月份的跌幅擴大一倍。貨運量急跌,主要因環球貿易持續全面萎縮,跌幅最大的出口貨運市場是北美洲,其次為歐洲、東南亞及台灣。機場貨運量對上一次錄得雙位數字跌幅是○一年九月。

貨運量暴跌18.7%

至於十一月份的客運量則減少廿二萬八千人次至三百八十萬人次,較去年同期下跌百分之五點六,歐美等長線旅客及內地與東南亞市場均明顯縮減。而泰國曼谷國際機場在上月廿五日至本月三日期間關閉,逾二百三十班航班取消,導致客貨運量下跌。整體航空交通量則下跌百分之一點三,至二萬四千八百一十五架次。

機管局行政總裁許漢忠坦言,儘管燃油成本急速大幅下調,紓緩航空公司的沉重負擔,但市場情緒悲觀,航空需求減少,令航空業面對更嚴峻的考驗,預料未來數月的航空交通量將繼續下跌。機場管理局預計全球主要經濟體系陷入困境將造成持續影響,市場難以在短期內復甦,預料未來數月的航空交通量會繼續下跌。
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Old December 18th, 2008, 04:28 AM   #2749
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Airport runway safety measures worth the effort
14 December 2008
South China Morning Post

Aviation safety depends not only on the experience and competence of pilots, but also the quality of support and facilities on the ground. Pilot error seems to have been the main cause of a worrying incident in September, in which a Hong Kong Airlines jet carrying 122 passengers and seven crew attempted to take off from a taxiway rather than a runway at Chek Lap Kok.

Fortunately, no plane was in the vicinity at the time. An air traffic controller raised the alarm in time to abort a takeoff.

Since then, two pilots have been sacked and the airline has promised to provide extra training to its pilots. This is all well and good, except a Civil Aviation Department investigation looking into the incident has also pointed to problems on the ground. The report recommends improving lighting and ground markings on taxiways, which could have confused the two pilots involved.

There is no question that Hong Kong International Airport ranks among the very best airports in the world. Seasoned Cathay Pacific pilots have vouched for the clearness of signs, markings and lighting on runways and taxiways, saying it is extremely difficult to confuse them. Nevertheless, confusion is still possible. There have been two incidents at the airport, in 2003 and 2007, similar to the one in September. A study in the US finds that such incidents happen once a day in the country. In the vast majority of cases, nothing happens and no one is hurt.

But the world does not need to live through another Tenerife incident. In that crash, the world's worst, two Boeing 747 airliners - one taking off and the other taxiing - collided on a runway on the Spanish island, killing 583 crew and passengers from both planes, in 1977.

Hong Kong's air safety records compare favourably to those of major US airports. There is no doubt that the designs and flight markings on our airport's runways and taxiways meet international standards. But given the catastrophic consequences that a single mistake can cause, taking extra steps to ensure even inexperienced pilots will not make mistakes is surely worth the effort.
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Old December 18th, 2008, 05:27 PM   #2750
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If HKIA meets, and possibly beyond, all international standards, but these careless human error still occur, shouldn't that the international standards to be ungraded and become more restricted rather than just blaming on the CAD and the Airport Authority not providing a safe airport environment??

I always wonder, majority of the jumbo jet cockpits are 8-10m above ground, but all these taxiway and runway indicators are at ground. Can the pilots really be able to see the signs on the ground clearly? You are not going to see what's right under you without the belly camera, which not all planes have.

It's like driving a car, where all the roadway signs have to be readable from certain distance, within eyesight until you pass them, and should be at eye height when approaching.
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Old December 20th, 2008, 05:23 AM   #2751
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Old December 20th, 2008, 07:47 AM   #2752
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Yes, pilots have all the charts at their disposal, and should be fully aware of what is a taxiway and what is a runway. Pilot negligence cannot be fully mitigated by signage for dummies.
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Old December 20th, 2008, 08:34 AM   #2753
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Old December 20th, 2008, 08:59 AM   #2754
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Hactl announces November tonnage throughput
Press Release

(10 December 2008, Hong Kong): Hong Kong Air Cargo Terminals Limited (Hactl) announced today the air cargo tonnage throughput for November 2008. A total of 203,074 tonnes were handled in the month, representing a year-on-year decrease of 19%. Cumulative tonnage from January to November 2008 was 2,365,136 tonnes, down 1.2% against the same period last year.

Import volume decreased 23.1% year-on-year, with 46,870 tonnes being handled in the month. Culmulative import volume for the eleven months was 600,098 tonnes, down 4.1% year-on-year.

Export volume for November was 118,608 tonnes, down 20.7% year-on-year. Aggregate export volume for the first eleven months was 1,305,928 tonnes, representing a dip of 3.2% against the same period last year.

Transshipment volume for November recorded a drop of 6.5% year-on-year to 37,596 tonnes. Total transshipment volume from January to November was 459,110 tonnes, representing an increase of 9.5% year-on-year.

The summary of the export, import and transshipment volumes handled in November and cumulative figures from January to November 2008 are tabulated as follows:

http://www.hactl.com/en/mediactr/press20081210.htm
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Old December 20th, 2008, 09:03 AM   #2755
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Air Niugini strikes B767 troubles
19 December 2008
PNG Post Courier

AIR Niugini is making urgent moves with its aircraft to try to keep to schedule after a major asset, the Boeing 767, ran into engine trouble in Hong Kong.

During a check in Hong Kong yesterday, it was found an engine of the B767 needed fixing.

Engineers have begun work and according to the current work progress, the aircraft will not be available until tomorrow.

The aircraft was in Hong Kong for its routine maintenance check when it was discovered that it had a fault with the left hand engine. The situation affected the operations of PX003 and PX004 yesterday from Port Moresby to Brisbane and back. But these services were carried out by using Fokker 100 planes.

Air Niugini apologised to all its customers for the inconvenience caused. Another B757 aircraft registered under Air Niugini is expected to arrive in Port Moresby today. Its believed to be replacing the leased Icelandair plane.
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Old December 20th, 2008, 09:16 AM   #2756
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載員工七人車失控狂撼鐵欄 停機坪撞車檢查員慘死
18 December 2008
星島日報

赤鱲角香港國際機場禁區發生死傷嚴重交通意外,一輛香港飛機工程公司七人車,昨午接載五名員工,在跑道尾停機坪轉右彎失控,撞上鐵欄和燈柱,車頭毀爛,後座中間員工疑未綁安全帶,被拋上前座狂撼擋風玻璃頭爆死亡,其他四人受傷,這是機場禁區內罕見一死四傷奪命車禍。

記者:徐裕民

香港飛機工程公司一輛接載員工的七人車,在機場禁區失事撞欄,員工一死四傷。死者家人接報趕到醫院,得知同車四名同事只是輕傷,只有死者撞死,質疑和追究死者死因。警方初步調查,疑死者未綁安全帶出事,拖走肇事七人車檢驗,查明事發經過。

死者彭灶炎,六十三歲,任職飛機維修品質檢查員。香港飛機工程公司發言人稱,彭在一九九八年入職,○五年滿六十歲退休,之後以合約形式繼續工作三年至今。四名傷者分別姓葉、何、趙及外籍員工Mchammad,由二十四至五十七歲,分別是司機、維修中心工人和飯堂員工。

由後座飛撼擋風玻璃

肇事七人車是接載員工的穿梭接駁車輛,每半小時一班,來往機場客運大樓與機場禁區內的維修區。車禍現場在機場跑道尾的西停機坪,機場維修區。

昨午三時半,彭與兩名同事及一名飯堂員工,在客運大樓乘坐由姓葉(五十二歲)司機駕駛的接駁客車,返回公司的維修中心,他們當中有人回貨倉取物品,亦有人下班。據稱,彭坐在車廂後座中間位,疑未綁上安全帶。

警方消息稱,該車載着五人,直駛往跑道尾的維修區,約十二分鐘抵達跑道尾,轉右彎駛進西停機坪時,有人聲稱扭右軚不成功,全車突然失控,猛撼兩呎高鐵欄,再撞向欄後燈柱及電箱,坐在後座中間的彭,被猛烈撞擊力拋上前座,頭頂猛撼擋風玻璃,天靈蓋當場爆裂流血昏迷,同車四人亦受傷。

車頭嚴重毀爛

該車擱在鐵欄上,車頭嚴重毀爛,輕傷者落車報警,消防員迅速趕至將彭救出,連同其餘四傷者,分別急送瑪嘉烈醫院搶救,但彭傷勢嚴重延至下午五時零九分不治,四名傷者經治療後,其中兩人無大礙出院,另兩人留院觀察。
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Old December 20th, 2008, 09:19 AM   #2757
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Quote:
Originally Posted by hkskyline View Post
載員工七人車失控狂撼鐵欄 停機坪撞車檢查員慘死
18 December 2008
星島日報

赤鱲角香港國際機場禁區發生死傷嚴重交通意外,一輛香港飛機工程公司七人車,昨午接載五名員工,在跑道尾停機坪轉右彎失控,撞上鐵欄和燈柱,車頭毀爛,後座中間員工疑未綁安全帶,被拋上前座狂撼擋風玻璃頭爆死亡,其他四人受傷,這是機場禁區內罕見一死四傷奪命車禍。

記者:徐裕民

香港飛機工程公司一輛接載員工的七人車,在機場禁區失事撞欄,員工一死四傷。死者家人接報趕到醫院,得知同車四名同事只是輕傷,只有死者撞死,質疑和追究死者死因。警方初步調查,疑死者未綁安全帶出事,拖走肇事七人車檢驗,查明事發經過。

死者彭灶炎,六十三歲,任職飛機維修品質檢查員。香港飛機工程公司發言人稱,彭在一九九八年入職,○五年滿六十歲退休,之後以合約形式繼續工作三年至今。四名傷者分別姓葉、何、趙及外籍員工Mchammad,由二十四至五十七歲,分別是司機、維修中心工人和飯堂員工。

由後座飛撼擋風玻璃

肇事七人車是接載員工的穿梭接駁車輛,每半小時一班,來往機場客運大樓與機場禁區內的維修區。車禍現場在機場跑道尾的西停機坪,機場維修區。

昨午三時半,彭與兩名同事及一名飯堂員工,在客運大樓乘坐由姓葉(五十二歲)司機駕駛的接駁客車,返回公司的維修中心,他們當中有人回貨倉取物品,亦有人下班。據稱,彭坐在車廂後座中間位,疑未綁上安全帶。

警方消息稱,該車載着五人,直駛往跑道尾的維修區,約十二分鐘抵達跑道尾,轉右彎駛進西停機坪時,有人聲稱扭右軚不成功,全車突然失控,猛撼兩呎高鐵欄,再撞向欄後燈柱及電箱,坐在後座中間的彭,被猛烈撞擊力拋上前座,頭頂猛撼擋風玻璃,天靈蓋當場爆裂流血昏迷,同車四人亦受傷。

車頭嚴重毀爛

該車擱在鐵欄上,車頭嚴重毀爛,輕傷者落車報警,消防員迅速趕至將彭救出,連同其餘四傷者,分別急送瑪嘉烈醫院搶救,但彭傷勢嚴重延至下午五時零九分不治,四名傷者經治療後,其中兩人無大礙出院,另兩人留院觀察。
Engineer dies in airport shuttle bus crash
18 December 2008
South China Morning Post

An inspector for the Hong Kong Aircraft Engineering Company died and four other people were injured when their shuttle bus crashed into a barrier on South Runway Road at Chek Lap Kok airport at about 3.40pm yesterday. The 63-year-old man, named Pang, was declared dead at Princess Margaret Hospital. The others suffered minor injuries. Pang is survived by his wife, son and daughter.
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Old December 20th, 2008, 09:35 AM   #2758
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A runway disaster just waiting to happen again
Too little has been done to prevent a repeat of the worst air crash in history

14 December 2008
South China Morning Post

It has been called the "crash of the century". In heavy fog on a March afternoon in the Spanish island of Tenerife, a packed KLM Boeing 747 roared towards its takeoff, fatally oblivious of a Pan Am jumbo jet taxiing in its path.

A split second before impact, the fog cleared enough for both pilots to see the horror awaiting them. The KLM captain desperately tried to lift his plane off the ground, dragging his tail along the runway before shearing the fuselage of the Pan Am jet apart, and ripping an engine off the underside of one of his own wings.

In the inferno that followed, 583 crew and passengers from both planes perished, making it the worst accident in aviation history. Three decades on, the 1977 crash remains the single most deadly airline disaster - a tragedy on a scale that with today's advanced technology and sophisticated airport systems could surely never happen again. Or could it?

It is a nagging question that was raised again by a comparatively trivial incident on a morning in September at Hong Kong International Airport when a South Korea-bound Boeing 737 with 122 passengers on board tried to take off down a taxiway rather than a runway.

In this case, there was no packed jumbo jet lying in wait, and the frantic radio calls of an air-traffic controller made the Hong Kong Airlines captain realise his blunder in time to abort takeoff. But it provided a stark reminder of how easy it still is for a disoriented pilot to make a potentially fatal wrong turn. Many pilots and aviation experts worldwide agree that while sophisticated new cockpit systems have led to huge advances in the avoidance of mid-air collisions and crashes into the ground in poor visibility, too little has been done in terms of technology to prevent a repeat of the tragedy of Tenerife.

In the US, a report found last year that runway incursions - where planes mistakenly stray onto active runways - take place at the rate of almost one a day. The risk of an accident killing hundreds of people at an airport is "real and growing larger", the report warned.

Many pilots and experts believe the bewildering sprawl of taxiways and runways that spider out across today's constantly expanding international airports are an accident waiting to happen.

So who was to blame for the Hong Kong Airlines incident of September 13? A Civil Aviation Department (CAD) spokeswoman told the Sunday Morning Post a thorough investigation had found the incident was caused partly by a "temporary loss of situation awareness on the part of the flight crew concerned prior to the commencement of the takeoff manoeuvres".

The plane's Indonesian captain and first officer appear to have shouldered most of the blame, having been immediately suspended and subsequently dismissed. From the beginning of the CAD investigation, the airline appeared to be prepared to allow the pilot and co-pilot to take full responsibility.

A management source at Hong Kong Airlines pointed out that the apron markings and lighting at Chek Lap Kok were so clear, a pilot would have to be "really, really stupid" to attempt to take off from a taxiway.

Runways at the airport are clearly distinguished by red lights at the side and white centre-line markings, while taxiways have green lights running down each side and no centre line, the source said.

"The runway in Hong Kong is super-duper," he said. "It is a very colourful runway. You can see the lights very clearly, especially at 4 o'clock in the morning. So you have to be really, really stupid to try to take off from a taxiway with green lights."

The view that this was a case of pilot error was widely shared among the pilot community, which saw it as a consequence of the airline sacking experienced expatriate pilots and replacing them with less competent fliers.

"As a pilot, I have to say it would be very difficult to mistake a taxiway for a runway in Hong Kong. The taxiway doesn't look anything like a runway," said one Cathay Pacific pilot. "I suspect the problem was that the pilots involved in this incident weren't used to flying into major international airports. The taxiways at Chek Lap Kok are bigger than most runways at airports around the region."

The CAD's findings were not so clear cut, however. Apart from apportioning some blame to the flight crew and recommending improved crew training and procedures, the investigation concluded that taxiway lighting and ground-marking systems at Chek Lap Kok needed to be improved.

Lighting and ground markings at the airport are up to international standard, the spokeswoman insisted, but she added: "In light of the current incident and in order to assist pilots in enhancing the situation awareness when taxiing an aircraft to the runway, the CAD will {hellip} discuss with the Airport Authority measures to further step up the visual guidance given to pilots."

The report recommends changes to "some of the lighting and ground-marking systems at the HKIA focusing on helping the pilots to maintain their orientation". The findings were believed to centre on the southwest corner of the apron, where the attempted takeoff took place.

The findings are significant because there have been two previous incidents involving attempted takeoffs from taxiways at the airport - in June 2003 and May last year. Some improvements were made to lighting and signage after the latter.

Alex Au, a spokesman for Hong Kong Airlines, said last week the recommendations arising from the CAD investigation proved that what happened was part of a broader problem.

"It isn't just us. Other people have fallen into this trap," he said.

"There are areas in the airport where it is very dark and where there is a lot of lighting, which can be confusing. The report addresses the issue of the southern corner of the airport and it has good recommendations."

He added: "We accept the findings. This has been a lesson learnt. There are particular parts of the airport where you have to be careful, and we will reinforce our training and other aspects of our procedures. The report is a fair report and action needs to be taken by the airline and by the Airport Authority."

A senior Hong Kong-based captain said the incident illustrated a general failure of the airline industry to develop sufficient safeguards against ground collisions. Some airports, particularly those in major US cities, were a "dog's dinner" and far harder to navigate than Hong Kong's, he argued.

"The fact that things like this are still occurring, even on one of the best airports in the world, shows there is a problem that needs addressing by the aviation community," the captain said.

"The technology we have today isn't too different from what we had at the time of the Tenerife disaster. Nothing major has been done to prevent an accident of that kind happening again.

"We didn't use the accident as a wake-up call to develop the technology to prevent it happening again {hellip} We should do more."

A study of runway incursions by the Airline Pilots' Association International last year found that on average over the past five years in the US alone, there were 325 incidents annually of planes straying onto active runways - almost one a day.

Since the Tenerife disaster, there have been five fatal accidents involving runway incursions in the US, including one in Los Angeles in 1991 that killed 34 people. As well as the fatal accidents, there have been a number of near misses.

While traffic alert and collision avoidance systems have cut the risk of mid-air collisions and ground proximity warning systems have cut the incidence of planes flying into the ground or an obstacle, no such technology has yet been introduced to prevent the risk of planes straying onto active runways, the report points out.

Ground radars, not in use at the time of the Tenerife crash, and improved training have helped to contain the risk to some degree, but the growth of airports and air traffic has increased the likelihood of a major accident to a far greater degree.

The report called for the introduction of on-board moving map displays, a technological measure which the association estimated would help cut runway incursions by 95 per cent, along with better airport markings and runway status lights and takeoff hold lights.

"The risk of a runway incursion event that could kill hundreds of people in a single accident is real and growing larger," the report concluded. "The current level of risk is unacceptable. Strong and immediate mitigations need to be implemented."

At Hong Kong Airlines, meanwhile, steps have already been taken to avoid a repeat of September's incident, according to the management source. Every pilot at the airline is now being given 10 minutes of additional training in a simulator to ensure they can safely navigate their way from taxiways to runways at Chek Lap Kok, the source said.

"We have also given everybody a map of the airport and told them, 'Go home and study it before you sleep - that's where the runway is, so remember it'," he said. "This is not to be taken lightly. Pilots shouldn't take off unless they are absolutely sure they are on the runway."
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Old December 20th, 2008, 01:38 PM   #2759
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By gosai from HKADB :



























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Old December 20th, 2008, 03:14 PM   #2760
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Source : http://bbs.feeyo.com/posts/392/topic-0016-3924644.html



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