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Old October 9th, 2008, 07:23 PM   #1
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Manhattan's Financial District

New York City's Financial District is the center of commerce in the United States and is the location of the historic Dutch city of the 1600s. The Financial District is the fourth-largest business district in the United States, after Midtown Manhattan in New York, the Loop in Chicago, and Downtown in Washington, DC. Midtown Manhattan passed the Financial District as the place of choice for companies in the early 1900s. The construction of the World Trade Center brought attention back to the Financial District, and residential opportunities began to rise. Today, the Financial District is home to about 30,000 people, and the neighborhood is still the center of activity for office workers and traders of stocks and commodities.

City Hall Park, at Broadway and Park Row. The Municipal Building is in the background.

City Hall, located in City Hall Park at Broadway, Park Row, and Chambers Street.

City Hall was completed in 1811 and is the oldest city hall in the United States that is still used for its original governmental functions.

The Woolworth Building was built in 1913 and sits on Broadway between Park Place and Barclay Street.

At 792 feet tall, the Woolworth Building was the tallest building in the world when it was completed. The Woolworth Building was built as the home of the headquarters for the F. W. Woolworth Company.

The top of the Woolworth Building.

Buildings on Spruce Street at Park Row.

Approaching the Brooklyn Bridge, from Park Row. The foot of the Brooklyn Brisge in Manhattan sits on the site of 3 Cherry Street, which was the home of George Washington when he was President-elect in 1789. 3 Cherry Street is regarded as the first "White House".

The Brooklyn Bridge, originally called the "New York and Brooklyn Bridge", connects Manhattan and Brooklyn. The bridge is 5,989 feet long, and crosses the East River.

The Brooklyn Bridge was opened on May 24, 1883 after 13 years of construction. Around 150,000 people crossed the bridge on the first day that it was opened.

The bridge held several distinctions upon its completion. It was the longest suspension bridge in the world for 20 years, and was also the longest bridge span in the world for some time. The Brooklyn Bridge was the first to use steel cables, and was one of the first to use pneumatic caissons for working underwater.

The 1875 date stone marks the completion of the tower on the Manhattan side of the bridge.

The Financial District skyline from the Brooklyn Bridge.

The Midtown Manhattan skyline from the Brooklyn Bridge, including the Empire State Building and the Chrysler Building.

The Brooklyn skyline from the Brooklyn Bridge.

"Liberty Enlightening the World", commonly known as the Statue of Liberty, sits in New York Harbor. It was dedicated in 1886.

The Statue of Liberty sits on top of the old colonial fortifications known as Fort Wood.

The Financial District skyline from the middle of the Brooklyn Bridge.

Skyscrapers on the western side of the Financial District.

The Financial District, with the South Street Seaport neighborhood in the foreground.

The Municipal Building, on Centre Street at Chambers Street. The Municipal Building was built in 1914 and was intended to compliment City Hall, located nearby.

The Woolworth Building from the Brooklyn Bridge.

Buildings surrounding City Hall from the base of the Brooklyn Bridge. Buildings for Pace University are in the foreground.

Looking down Park Row at St. Paul's Chapel on Broadway.

St. Paul's Chapel, at the corner of Broadway & Vesey Street, with the front of the church facing Church Street. The church was built in 1766 and was the church that George Washington attended as President until the national capital was moved to Philadelphia. The chapel also faces the World Trade Center site, and St. Paul's became one of the places for spiritual reflectance and memorialization about the September 11 attacks.

The Freedom Tower constuction site, from Vesey Street at Greenwich Street.

The World Trade Center site, from Vesey Street and the Joe DiMaggio Highway.

The Freedom Tower will be 1,776 feet tall when it is completed at around 2013.

Looking across the World Trade Center site at the World Financial Center. 2 World Financial Center, built in 1897, is on the left, and 3 World Financial Center, built in 1985, is on the right.

The Freedom Tower site, from Church Street. The Goldman Sachs Tower, across Vesey Street from 3 World Financial Center, is under construction in the center. 7 World Trade Center, completed in 2006 at 741 feet tall, is on the right.

Construction of the Freedom Tower and the extension of Greenwich Street from Church Street.

The Freedom Tower site from the fire station on Liberty Street.

The Freedom Tower construction site from Liberty Street.

The HSBC Bank Building, on Broadway, from Zuccotti Park. The HSBC Bank Building was built in 1967 and was originally known as the Marine Midland Bank Building.

The U.S. Realty Building on the left, and the Trinity Building on the right, from Trinity Place. The two structures were built in 1907.

The American Stock Exchange building, on Trinity Place. The American Stock Exchange was formed in 1842 and moved into the building in 1921.

The American Stock Exchange was known as the New York Curb Exchange until 1929. In January 2008, the NYSE Euronext, which runs the New York Stock Exchange, purchased the American Stock Exchange.

Buildings on Trinity Place at Rector Street. The building in the center was built in 1880 as a warehouse for the American Express Company, and the company logo can be seen in the facade at the top.

Looking up at Two Rector Street from Trinity Place. Two Rector Street was built in 1928.

Trinity Episcopal Church, on Broadway at the head of Wall Street, was built in 1846.

The current Trinity Church replaced two earlier structures. The first church was built in 1697, except it faced the Hudson River instead of Wall Street. That church burned down in the Great New York City Fire of 1776. The second church was built in 1790 and stood until heavy snowstorms in 1838 and 1839 weakened the structure.

The steeple of Trinity Church. When the church was completed in 1846, the steeple was the highest point in the city until the New York World Building was completed in 1890.

The entrance to Trinity Church, on Broadway.

The interior of Trinity Church.

The gravesite of Alexander Hamilton, first Secretary of the U.S. Treasury and a Founding Father, in the cemetery at Trinity Church.

The gravesite of Robert Fulton, inventor of the steamship and the first practical submarine, in the churchyard at Trinity Church.

Looking up Broadway from near Trinity Church. The Chrysler Building is off in the very distance.

Looking down Wall Street from the doorway of Trinity Church.

Looking east down Wall Street from Broadway.

The New York Stock Exchange, on Broad Street. The New York Stock Exchange building was opened in 1903 after moving from another location on Broad Street.

Thew New York Stock Exchange entrance, at New & Wall Streets.

The New York Stock Exchange is located at the corner of Broad & Wall Streets. The Stock Exchange, originally known as the "New York Stock & Exchange Board", was formed in 1792 under the Buttonwood Agreement.

Above the six marble columns on the New York Stock Exchange building is the sculpture entitled "Integrity Protecting the Works of Man".

The New York Stock Exchange building's trading floor featured one of the largest volumes of space in New York City when the building was opened.

The J.P. Morgan & Company Building, on Wall Street at Broad Street. The structure is across Wall Street from Federal Hall, and across Broad Street from the New York Stock Exchange. The bank was built in 1913 and was commonly referred to as "The House of Morgan".

Federal Hall, on Wall Street at the head of Broad Street. Federal Hall was built in 1842, replacing an earlier Federal Hall on the same site.

Federal Hall was the site of the inauguration of George Washington as President.

The statue of George Washington, on the steps of Federal Hall.

The interior of Federal Hall.

The dome of Federal Hall.

The current Federal Hall was used for the U.S. Customs Service, then for the U.S. Treasury beginning in 1862.

On April 30, 1789, George Washington was inaugurated as the first President of the United States as he stood on this balcony stone.

Looking down Broad Street from the steps of Federal Hall.

Looking south down Broad Street.

Looking west up Beaver Street.

A branch of the New York Sports Club, in the Seaman's Bank building on Wall Street. The building was built to store gold in 1918.

Looking up Wall Street at Trinity Episcopal Church.

Trinity Church from Broadway.

The American Express Building, at 65 Broadway on the left, was built in 1917 as the headquarters of the American Express Company. The steeple of Trinity Church is in the center.

The Cunard Line Building, on Broadway at Morris Street. The building was completed in 1919 and was the headquarters for the Cunard Passenger Ship Line, which competed with the legendary White Star Line of Titanic fame.

Looking north up Broadway. The Chrysler Building is in the far background. Ticker tape parades begin at around this spot and head north.

The "Charging Bull" is a statue that sits in front of Bowling Green, at the split of Broadway and State Street.

The statue was installed in December 1989 in front of the New York Stock Exchange by Arturo Di Modica, the artist. The police impounded the statue, since it was not installed with the permission of the city. Public outcry of the impoundment led to the New York City Department of Parks and Recreation to install it at its current location.

Looking across Bowling Green at the U.S. Custom House. Bowling Green is named because it was once used as a grassy lawn for lawn bowling in colonial times. Bowling Green is the oldest existing public park in New York City.

The Alexander Hamilton U.S. Custom House is located on Bowling Green, and was built in 1907. The Custom House is now the home of a branch of the National Museum of the American Indian, as well as the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Southern Division of New York. The fence surrounding Bowling Green, to the left, was installed in 1771 to protect a statue of King George III from vandalization.

The Custom House sits on the land that colonists first settled on the island, in 1624. A fort was built on this site in the early 1600s.

26 Broadway, formerly known as the Standard Oil Building. The structure was the headquarters for the Standard Oil Company, and was built in 1886. It now houses the Sports Museum of America.

Looking up at 26 Broadway. The base of the building was the Standard Oil Building, and after the company was broken up in 1911, a tower was added in 1920.

The Whitehall Building on the left, and the Manhattan portal for the Brooklyn Battery Tunnel on the right. The Whitehall Building was completed in 1904 on Battery Place, and the Whitehall Building Annex, behind the Whitehall Building, was built in 1911. The Brooklyn Battery Tunnel was opened in 1950.

A statue of John Ericsson, in Battery Park. Ericsson was a Swedish-American inventor who invented torpedo technology and built the USS Monitor for the Union Army during the Civil War.

The New York Korean War Veterans Memorial in Battery Park, dedicated in 1991.

The Sphere is a sculpture that stood in Austin Tobin Plaza, located between the two World Trade Center towers. After sustaining damage during the September 11 attacks, the sculpture was moved to Battery Park, and with an eternal flame, was set up as a memorial to September 11 victims. The Sphere will be returned to the World Trade Center site upon the completion of the Freedom Tower.

The eternal flame sits in front of the sculpture.

The Sphere, with Castle Clinton in the background.

Castle Clinton sits in Battery Park, overlooking the harbor. Castle Clinton was built from 1807 to 1811 as Fort Clinton, the west battery for the harbor.

Castle Clinton originally sat at the end of a 200-foot causeway. The land surrounding the causeway was eventually filled in to become what is now Battery Park.

Fort Clinton never fired a shot during the War of 1812. In 1823, the Federal government gave the fort to New York City, and the fort was renamed "Castle Garden". Castle Garden became an enclosed garden and resort. In the years that Castle Garden was a resort, Presidents Andrew Jackson, John Tyler, James Polk, and Franklin Pierce all stayed as visitors.

In 1845, a permanent roof was put over Castle Garden, and the old fort became an opera house and an entertainment venue.

In 1855, Castle Clinton became an "Emigrant Landing Depot", and was the predecessor to the facilities on Ellis Island. Castle Clinton later housed an aquarium, until it was designated for demolition in the 1940s for a bridge crossing. The public opposed the demolition, and the fort eventually became a National Monument.

Looking out into New York Harbor, with Liberty Island on the left and Ellis Island on the right.

The Ellis Island Immigration Station, on Ellis Island. The immigration station opened in 1892 and was closed in 1954. Around 12 million immigrants came through the facilities at Ellis Island.

The Statue of Liberty, on Liberty Island. Liberty Island was originally called Bedloe's Island, and was the site of a quarantine station in the early 1700s. The island was officially named "Liberty Island" in 1956.

The Statue of Liberty from Battery Park.

The skyline of Jersey City from Battery Park.

The Jersey City skyline with Pier A in the foreground. Pier A was formerly a fireboat station.

Communipaw Terminal, officially known as the Central Railroad of New Jersey Terminal, in Jersey City from across the southern end of the Hudson River. Communipaw Terminal was built in 1864 and was the waterfront terminal for the Central Railroad of New Jersey until 1967.

Governor's Island from the base of Battery Park. Governor's Island was named because it was to be exclusively used by New York's royal governors during British rule.

The James Watson House, on State Street near Battery Park. The house was built in 1793 and is the last rowhouse of the Federal style that lined State Street and part of Broadway.

The James Watson House was the home of St. Elizabeth Ann Seton, the first American-born saint in Roman Catholicism. The church to the left of the house is a shrine in her honor.

The interior of the shrine to St. Elizabeth Ann Seton.

Buildings on Water Street. The buildings on Water Street once were along Manhattan's waterfront, until land between slips were filled in. In the shadows at the very left, at Broad & Pearl Streets, is Fraunces Tavern. Fraunces Tavern is the site where George Washington bade farewell to the Continental Army at the end of the Revolutionary War. The 1719 tavern was reconstructed in 1907 using the existing walls.

Businesses on Coenties Slip. Coenties Slip used to be a dock that protruded into the harbor, until water lots were sold farther out, and the slip had to be filled in. Water lots were later sold on the condition that they were filled in, which moved the waterfront from Water Street, to Front Street, and finally to South Street.

The Manhattan Bridge, built in 1909, is behind the Brooklyn Bridge, with the Brooklyn skyline on the right.

The world headquarters for Goldman Sachs, on Pearl Street. After moving into their headquarters, officials at Goldman Sachs did not like the location, and the company is now building a new headquarters near the Freedom Tower site.

Buildings on Pearl Street, near Hanover Square. The tower of the Citi Bank Farmer's Trust Company Building is in the background.

Buildings on Pearl Street. The Armitage Building, on the left, was built in 1919 using much of the older storehouses on the block.

Buildings on Pearl Street.

Hanover Square is a triangular park bounded by Pearl Street, Stone Street, and Hanover Square. The park was named after the House of Hanover, which produced King George I, before 1730. Hanover Square is the historical center of the commodities market, with the former homes of the New York Cotton Exchange and the New York Cocoa Exchange being located nearby.

The India House, on Hanover Square. The building was completed in 1854 and was originally the home of Hanover Bank. The India House was later the headquarters for the New York Cotton Exchange.

Buildings on Stone Street. Stone Street was formerly called Brewers Street. The street was given its present name because of the cobblestones used to pave the street. Stone Street is the home of several restaurants.

Looking down Mill Lane at restaurants on Stone Street.

Looking down William Street from Beaver Street. Delmonico's Restaurant is on the right. Delmonico's opened in 1998 in the same location as the original Delmonico's, which had moved into the building in 1837. The old Delmonico's is considered to be one of the first fine dining places in the United States, as well as being one of the first continuously running restaurants in the United States. One William Street is on the left.

Looking up at the top of One William Street. The building was originally called the J.W. Seligman & Company Building, and was built in 1907.

Buildings on William Street. These buildings were built in the early 1900s.

Buildings on William Street. The Dutch Revival building in the center was built in 1903.

The Citi Bank Farmer's Trust Company Building, at William & Beaver Streets, was built in 1931 after the merger of the National City Bank of New York and the Farmer's Loan & Trust Company.

The old Bank of Manhattan Trust Building, at 40 Wall Street. The structure was built in 1930 and is now the Trump Building.

One Chase Manhattan Plaza, at William & Liberty Streets. The building was completed in 1961.

Our Lady Of Victory Roman Catholic Church, on Pine Street at William Street.

Buildings on Pine Street.

Looking south down Broad Street at the New York Stock Exchange.

The New York Chamber of Commerce, on Liberty Street. The Chamber of Commerce was built in 1901. Sculptures used to sit between the columns, but have been since removed.

The Federal Reserve Bank, at Nassau Street and Maiden Lane. The bank was built in 1924, and has five levels of basement, which housed offices of several nations for trading of bullion.

Buildings on Maiden Lane.

Looking down Broadway from Cortlandt Street. The U.S. Realty Building is in the center, and One Liberty Plaza is on the right. One Liberty Plaza was built in 1973 on the site of the Singer Building. The Singer Building, at 612 feet, is the tallest building to be lawfully destroyed, and the second-tallest building demolished ever. The only taller demolished building is the World Trade Center.

Buildings on Park Place. The construction site of the 912-foot 99 Church Street is in the foreground.

The Woolworth Building on the left, and the Barclay Tower on the right. The Barclay Tower was built in 2007.

St. Peter's Roman Catholic Church, on Barclay Street at Church Street. St. Peter's was built in 1840, and is the oldest Roman Catholic parish in the state of New York.

St. Peter's Church was the site of the Baptism of St. Elizabeth Ann Seton in 1805. The funeral for Fr. Mychal Judge, Chaplain for FDNY and the first official victim of the September 11 attacks, was also held in St. Peter's Church.

The altar of St. Peter's Church.

Stained glass windows on the east side of the church.

Stained glass windows on the west side of the church.

A mural of an angel helping St. Paul out of imprisonment on the east side of the church.

A mural of St. Peter helping the poor on the west side of the church.

The interior of St. Peter's Church.

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Old October 9th, 2008, 08:18 PM   #2
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Old October 9th, 2008, 08:33 PM   #3
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One of the most informative photo-threads I've read. Great captions and great shots, Matt.
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Old October 9th, 2008, 09:26 PM   #4
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Wonderful, probably my favourite city in the world!
A like means a lot! But one word says more then a thousand likes.

Website about my travels and buildings in USA and Europe -many cool pics:

All my diagram drawings - more than 700!:
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Old October 10th, 2008, 01:07 AM   #5
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Terrific work, thanks!
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Old October 10th, 2008, 01:24 AM   #6
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I cant believe the Freedom Tower is still not built. Great thread nonetheless.
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Old October 10th, 2008, 04:04 AM   #7
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God I love Manhattan. Great thread. You are so knowledgeable about EVERYTHING manhattan it seems! I can't believe how many buildings are there and how many are still going up! It's just insane...
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Old October 10th, 2008, 05:26 AM   #8
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Great shots, now that is a true city right there.
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Old October 10th, 2008, 09:39 PM   #9
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Great thread! I'm alway impressed by the architectural diversity in New York. And this house on Battery Park... Anyway, 1897 for the construction of World Financial Center... This one must have been very ahead of its time!
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Old October 11th, 2008, 11:33 AM   #10
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Nice shots
Urban Showcase: Athens Kalamata Trikala Thessaloniki
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Old November 16th, 2008, 09:45 AM   #11
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I have a magnificent DVD documentary series about New York City, made by PBS in the 80's, that discusses the history of New York from the 1600's to modern times. I never tire of watching them, as the stories of such buildings as the Woolworth building are fascinating.
'Make no little plans. They have no magic to stir men's blood."
-architect Daniel Burnman
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Old November 16th, 2008, 04:27 PM   #12
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Nice set!
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Old November 16th, 2008, 09:02 PM   #13
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very indepth tour.
Baltimore, my hometown.
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Old November 23rd, 2008, 10:14 PM   #14
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I love American Art Deco sooo much!

Beautiful photos
"A pan myślisz, że chaotyczne kombinacje efemerycznych pryncypiˇw są w stanie zdeterminować neutralną cywitatywę absolutnego relatywizmu immanentno-transcendentalnej solipsystycznej jaźni? Tak czy nie?! Gadaj pan!!!"
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Old November 24th, 2008, 06:21 AM   #15
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Old November 25th, 2008, 05:05 AM   #16
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Old November 25th, 2008, 05:45 AM   #17
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nice city center~
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Old November 25th, 2008, 06:56 AM   #18
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I really love our Financial District. Great shots and nice comments.
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Old November 30th, 2008, 09:13 PM   #19
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very nice!!!!
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Old November 30th, 2008, 09:56 PM   #20
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Great tour of the financial district. It shows how much I missed to see in New York .
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financial district, lower manhattan, manhattan, new york city

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