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Old July 24th, 2012, 11:27 AM   #181
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Mountain fear raised on third runway plan
The Standard
Wednesday, July 11, 2012

A veteran pilot doubts whether government planners can get on top of mountainous challenges to a third runway at Hong Kong International Airport.

Retired Cathay Pacific senior first officer Jan Bochenski, with 21 years of flying experience, said he and many other pilots fail to see a way around problems unless there is a mountain-cutting plan.

The 957-meter Tai Mo Shan, the highest mountain in the territory, is in the middle of the flight path to the proposed third runway, Bochenski said, and pilots about to land will need to bank aircraft at a sharp angle.

But a towering concern, he said, is Castle Peak at 583m being in the middle of a third runway's essential escape route if something went wrong on landing.

He asked: "Is the government planning to cut down Castle Peak? Maybe." But how could a pilot face face such high ground if a plane lost an engine? This, he said, would be "impossible."

Even if all engines were functioning, Bochenski added, aircraft need considerable power to clear mountains.

He also said that if aircraft were to try to avoid facing Castle Peak this would crowd airspace occupied by those using the other two runways.

The Airport Authority has already discussed routes linked to a third runway with Britain's National Air Traffic Services.

An authority spokesman also said there would be enough "obstacle clearance" to meet requirements of the International Civil Aviation Organization.
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Old July 25th, 2012, 09:45 AM   #182
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Clearing the air on runway probe
The Standard
Thursday, July 12, 2012

Airport Authority Hong Kong recently submitted further information for the project profile of Hong Kong International Airport's proposed expansion to a three-runway system.

That was in response to a request made by the director of environmental protection in June. The public can comment on the project and the new information to the director by tomorrow.

The airport authority is committed to carrying out the environmental impact assessment process in a transparent, engaging manner.

Some of the feedback received raises questions about: Our air traffic forecasts Safe operation of the three-runway system and The environmental information contained in the project profile.

I would like to clarify some misconceptions on these three critical areas.

On traffic forecasts, it has been noted that the growth in passenger demand included in the authority's master plan 2030 exceeds that of the design capacity in the 1992 new airport master plan by about 10 percent.

This has led some to believe that the airport may not truly be reaching its saturation point, and that the excess capacity for flight movements will be used predominantly for private jets.

The discrepancy between the forecasts is mainly because many of the working assumptions adopted in the early 1990s were based on the operating environment of Kai Tak airport, which was highly constrained and fully stretched.

At the time it was natural for airlines to maximize each valuable slot by deploying the biggest aircraft possible.

The 1992 plan therefore assumed that wide-bodied aircraft would comprise more than 80 percent of aircraft movements, resulting in a high average passenger load forecast of more than 300 people per aircraft.

The new airport at Chek Lap Kok provided more runway capacity, allowing airlines to increase their flight frequencies and service to secondary destinations.

This has enabled the authority to develop into an international and regional aviation hub, but it also led to the deployment of more narrow-bodied aircraft - mostly less than 200 seats.

Since 2000, the average passenger load per aircraft has decreased to about 190. In other words, it will take 437,000 aircraft movements instead of the 278,000 originally estimated in the 1992 plan to serve 87 million passenger trips.

In addition, from 1997 to 2010 the percentage of wide-bodied freighters decreased from 84 to 67 percent in favor of medium-sized aircraft.

Therefore, moving 8.9 million tonnes of cargo will take 108,000 aircraft movements instead of the 66,000 forecast.

Finally, it is important to note that civil aviation has always been and remains the authority's top priority. Business flights use only time slots that are not already occupied by scheduled flights, and they account for about 2 percent of the airport's total aircraft movements.

When considering future development and service, our primary goal will continue to put the needs of civil flights first.

On the safe operation of the three- runway system, the authority in conjunction with National Air Traffic Services has developed and designed the position and alignment of the third runway and its associated flight paths - including departure and missed approach flight path - in accordance with standards laid down by the International Civil Aviation Organisation, ensuring the obstacle clearance along the flight paths between an aircraft and ground obstacles meet the stipulated safety requirements.

The airspace management experts in the Civil Aviation Department also agree on the designs.

On the environmental impact assessment project profile, it must be emphasized that this is the first step in the process, designed to set out the project scope and identify potential environmental issues.

It is not intended to fully detail environmental impacts and mitigation measures, aspects which are reserved for the comprehensive study following the issuing of the study brief by the Department of Environmental Protection.

The airport authority has complied with all statutory guidelines for preparing the project profile and supplied all required information, and it has also committed to undertaking the air quality studies by benchmarking against the new air quality objectives which have yet to come into effect.

The Environmental Impact Assessment Ordinance carries a provision allowing the department to request information further to the project profile, which it has done.

The further information requested covering marine ecology, noise, health and hazards is intended to help the department draft the study brief.

The additional information includes updates on Chinese white dolphins; clarification that the airport authority has always planned to address all air pollutants under current and new air quality objectives (including NO2, ozone, PM10, PM2.5 and more) during the assessment; clarification that the preliminary aircraft noise contours prepared during master planning will be subject to further evaluation during the assessment; and clarification that the assessment will address the potential impact on all identified ecologically sensitive receivers and areas of potential ecological concern, including the Chek Lap Kok Marine Exclusion Zone, as well as the cumulative impacts associated with other major planned projects such as the Shek Kwu Chau incinerator.

It is important to remember that the submission of the project profile represents just the first step in a two-year process.

The actual assessment will address potential environmental impacts in all areas.

We value the feedback we receive as we explore all possible ways to avoid, minimize, mitigate and compensate for potential environmental impacts, and we look forward to continuing our dialogue with concerned stakeholders as the process unfolds.

Kevin Poole is deputy director, projects, at the Airport Authority Hong Kong
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Old August 12th, 2012, 05:00 PM   #183
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Cathay Pacific welcomes Environmental Impact Assessment Study Brief for third runway option at HKIA
11 August 2012
Press Release

Cathay Pacific Airways welcomes the Director of Environmental Protection’s issuance of a Study Brief for the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) of a third runway at Hong Kong International Airport.

Cathay Pacific Chief Executive John Slosar said: “This is another important step forward in building a critically needed third runway for Hong Kong. As we have shared from the beginning, we believe a constructive community engagement will be able to identify and resolve any issues of concern. We are firm believers that economic development and environmental protection can go hand in hand for the betterment of Hong Kong.”

With air transportation playing a significant role in empowering Hong Kong’s economic success, Cathay Pacific has been a strong proponent of a third runway at HKIA. The airline has also stated that potential environmental issues surrounding the airport expansion must be explored and minimised. For its part, Cathay Pacific is continuing an aggressive fleet modernisation programme which helps reduce CO2 emissions, fuel usage and noise footprints. The airline currently has 99 new aircraft on order for delivery and will phase out less efficient aircraft as the new planes are delivered.

Cathay Pacific welcomes HKIA’s commitment to a comprehensive and thorough EIA process and looks forward to participating.
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Old August 18th, 2012, 10:36 AM   #184
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By dc925 from a Hong Kong photography forum :

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Old September 20th, 2012, 09:23 AM   #185
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Green groups see red over runway snub
The Standard
Thursday, September 20, 2012

The Airport Authority has decided against embarking on a study to estimate the intangible social impact that a third runway will have on society, as demanded by environmental activists.

It will instead carry out a study according to World Bank and European Union standards to estimate the social and environmental impact of the runway.

That decision was to have been communicated to the activists in a meeting yesterday, but they saw red once they caught wind of what was in the air and refused to show up.

The study will be on top of the environmental impact assessment that is due to start this month.

The EIA is mandatory under the law to assess the effect of the runway on air quality, noise, marine ecology and fisheries and Chinese white dolphins.

Authority corporate development executive director Wilson Fung Wing-yip said the social return on the investment approach that green groups want adopted is mostly used for small-scale community or charity projects and unsuitable for large infrastructure developments.

"The methodology is usually used by volunteers and non-profit sectors and its indicators can be subjective," said Fung, reiterating there is no single method for evaluating social and environmental impact.

Plans to build a third runway at London's Heathrow Airport were shelved in 2010 largely because a social return study showed that the impact on people living near the airport outweighed the economic benefits.

Fung said the authority believes the World Bank and European Union standards offer a more comprehensive assessment of the social and environment impact of the project.

In addition to air quality and noise, which will be covered in the EIA, the World Bank methodology also covers the impact on climate change, utility relocation, resettlements and accidents.

Fung said the authority will complete the study as well as the EIA in two years.

Greeners Action chief executive Angus Ho Hon-wai was among those furious with the decision.

"They are showing a lack of commitment to a wider public consultation and refusing to provide more concrete information," said Ho, adding that his group is planning joint countermeasures with other green activists.

Friends of the Earth senior environmental affairs officer Melanie Chau Yuet-cheung said she fears the authority is refusing to commit to returning anything to community.
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Old October 27th, 2012, 01:42 PM   #186
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Speech by SDEV at Construction Industry Council Conference 2012
Friday, September 28, 2012
Government Press Release Excerpt

Following is the speech delivered by the Secretary for Development, Mr Paul Chan, today (September 28) at the Construction Industry Council (CIC) Conference 2012 "Manpower Sustainability of Construction Industry cum Zero Carbon Building Development in Hong Kong":

S S (Chairman of the CIC Mr Lee Shing-see), distinguished guests, ladies and gentlemen,

We will also improve the connectivity of Hong Kong with other economies. For land routes, the Hong Kong and the Shenzhen authorities are building a seventh land-based boundary control point at Liantang/Heung Yuen Wai, which will be the first boundary control point directly accessible by both pedestrians and private vehicles. This is a major project under the 12th National Five-Year Plan, and is scheduled for commissioning in 2018. For air routes, to cope with air traffic demand up to 2020, the Airport Authority is taking forward a midfield expansion project at the Hong Kong International Airport to provide a new concourse, additional aircraft stands and apron facilities. These measures, when completed in 2015, will increase the annual handling capacity of the airport to 70 million passengers and 6 million tonnes of cargo. Environmental impact assessment for the third runway is under way and is expected to complete by the end of 2014.
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Old November 15th, 2012, 03:04 AM   #187
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LCQ7: The SkyPier
Wednesday, November 14, 2012
Government Press Release

Following is a question by the Hon Chan Han-pan and a written reply by the Secretary for Transport and Housing, Professor Anthony Cheung Bing-leung, in the Legislative Council today (November 14):

Question:

In recent years, some members of the public have proposed that the Government should vigorously develop Lantau Island so as to strengthen Hong Kong's connection and integration with the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region. On the other hand, some people have repeatedly urged the Government for years to open up the SkyPier at the Hong Kong International Airport for providing cross-boundary ferry services to non-transit passengers. Although the Government had told this Council's Panel on Economic Development in 2007 that it would consider the proposal, it later indicated that a review on whether there was such a need should be conducted after the commissioning of the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge (HZMB). In this connection, will the Government inform this Council:

(a) whether it knows the current annual maximum passenger handling capacity and the actual patronage of the SkyPier;

(b) whether it knows the annual increase in patronage of the SkyPier since the completion of the construction of SkyPier's permanent pier; whether it has assessed if the increase in patronage is satisfactory and the reasons for that; whether the Government will conduct an in-depth study on the growth in the patronage of the pier;

(c) whether the authorities will consider afresh opening up the SkyPier for cross-boundary services so as to strengthen Hong Kong's connection with the PRD region; if they will, whether they will consider providing cross-boundary ferry services other than those to and from Zhuhai and Macao, so as to avoid affecting the utilisation of HZMB upon its completion; and

(d) whether the authorities will consider expeditiously conducting a comprehensive review on the development plan of Lantau Island, so as to ensure that the development of Hong Kong's south-western areas will tie in with the rapid development of the PRD region?

Reply:

President,

Located at the Restricted Area of the Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA), the SkyPier provides convenient and speedy ferry services for air-to-sea/sea-to-air transit passengers travelling between Hong Kong and the Pearl River Delta (PRD)/Macao. Transit passengers via SkyPier with a valid air ticket or counterfoil of the boarding pass, a valid ferry ticket and a valid travel document can, without going through immigration procedures at the airport, board departing flight to other destinations or take a ferry at the SkyPier to the PRD or Macao. The Airport Authority (AA) must operate the SkyPier in accordance with the Deed of Security signed with the Administration in order to meet the security requirements for transit passengers and baggage.

(a) Based on AA's information, the four berths at the SkyPier can currently cope with a maximum of about 4 million transit passengers every year. In 2011, the transit passenger throughput of SkyPier was about 2.39 million.

(b) The SkyPier commissioned in January 2010. In 2011, the transit passenger throughput was 2.39 million, representing an increase of 6.7% over 2010 which was about 2.24 million. In the first nine months of 2012, the passenger throughput was 1.98 million, representing an increase of 10% over the same period last year.

There has been a steady growth in the transit passenger throughput of SkyPier. Its growth rates in recent years exceeded those of the overall passenger throughput of the HKIA (see the table below), mainly due to the persistent increase in the number of visitors from the Mainland and Southeast Asia in recent years.

Transit passenger Passenger
throughput of SkyPier throughput of HKIA
(million passengers) (million passengers)
-------------------------------------------------

2010 2.24 50.92
2011 2.39 (+6.7%) 53.90 (+5.9%)
2012 1.98 (+10%) 42.25 (+5.1%)
(as at
September)

(c) The land transport link between Hong Kong and the PRD region, particularly cities in the eastern part, has been well developed. Regarding sea transport, the two cross-boundary ferry terminals (CBFTs) currently managed by the Government (i.e. Hong Kong-Macau Ferry Terminal and China Ferry Terminal) provide cross-boundary ferry services to and from 11 PRD ports and Macao. The daily maximum handling capacities of the above two CBFTs add up to about 290,000. In 2011, the total peak daily patronage of the two terminals was only 130,000. It is expected that the two terminals will have sufficient capacity to meet the projected increase in patronage before the commissioning of the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge (HZMB) in 2016. As such, we consider it not necessary to plan the third government-managed CBFT at this stage.

We also do not see the need to expand the function of the SkyPier. As indicated by the statistics for the first three quarters of 2012, the average daily patronage of cross-boundary ferries was about 69,000, of which the services other than those between Hong Kong and Zhuhai/Macao only accounted for about 12.3%, i.e. around 8,500 passengers per day. Compared with the two CBFTs located in the city centre, the SkyPier is relatively far away from the urban area, making it not convenient for most residents in Hong Kong. As for inbound tourists, most of them will go sightseeing and shopping on the Hong Kong and Kowloon side apart from visiting scenic spots in Lantau. Therefore, the Government considers that the proposed provision of a CBFT at the SkyPier has limited effect on boosting visitor number from the Mainland and Macao, and that the patronage may not be sufficient to support the efficacy of the operation of the pier.

Furthermore, the main purpose of providing SkyPier service at HKIA is to provide speedy ferry services for air transit passengers travelling to and from the PRD and Macao. The existing SkyPier is located within the Airport Restricted Area where customs, immigration and quarantine facilities are not provided. If the SkyPier is to open for use by non-transit passengers, it would require expansion to fit in the necessary facilities and increase the handling capacity of the pier. As the relevant works would incur substantial capital investment and manpower requirement, it is not cost-effective based on the current situation.

In view of the above, together with a further cross-boundary option to be provided by the HZMB in 2016 for travelling between Hong Kong and Macao as well as Hong Kong and cities on the western part of the Pearl River, we do not have plan to consider the opening the SkyPier for general immigration purposes.

(d) To fully capture the opportunities arising from the rapid development of the PRD region, the Government will enhance our transport link with the region to promote the overall development of Hong Kong.

Published by the Administration in 2007, the Revised Concept Plan for Lantau sets out the overall planning framework for a balanced and coordinated development of the island. According to the framework, North Lantau will focus on the development of major economic infrastructure and tourism uses to optimise the utilisation of the transport infrastructure. The rest of Lantau will be designated for nature conservation and environmentally sustainable recreational uses.

The Planning Department and the Civil Engineering and Development Department launched the Tung Chung New Town Extension Study in January 2012 to identify the development potential and opportunities of Tung Chung. With a view to formulating a suitable proposal for Tung Chung New Town extension, the major infrastructure projects in the adjacent areas of Tung Chung, the need for environmental protection and nature conservation in the surrounding as well as the comments from and vision of the public for Tung Chung development will be taken into consideration. The first stage of public engagement for the Study ended in August this year and about 2,300 public views have been received. The Administration is analysing the views for the preparation of an initial development proposal. The second stage of public engagement is expected to commence next year.
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Old November 25th, 2012, 02:27 PM   #188
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The bottom long building is the new Civil Aviation Department headquarters.

image hosted on flickr

Img330631nx2__conv by veryamateurish, on Flickr

Site map (from the government) :



Construction (from the government) :

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Old December 3rd, 2012, 08:29 AM   #189
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International pilots back plan for third runway at Hong Kong Airport
International federation says members complain of delays because of growing air traffic, and that current capacity will not be sufficient in future
South China Morning Post Excerpt
Monday, 03 December, 2012

A group representing pilots around the world is backing plans for a third runway at Hong Kong International Airport.

The International Federation of Airline Pilots' Associations, which has 100,000 members, said the city would eventually need a third runway because of increasing air traffic.

Its director of operations, Gideon Ewers, said from Britain: "My colleagues say they often face 30-minute delays as air traffic in Hong Kong grows."

The Airport Authority estimates the two-runway system will reach its maximum capacity of 420,000 flight movements annually between 2019 and 2022.

A three-runway system would be able to accommodate 620,000 flight movements a year.

One problem that increases airport congestion is that planes flying from Hong Kong into the mainland have to fly at a minimum of 15,700 feet.
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Old January 2nd, 2013, 03:03 AM   #190
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Airport Authority signs up dolphin activist for third runway assessment
South China Morning Post Excerpt
Thursday, 06 December, 2012, 12:00am

A vocal opponent of the third runway proposed for Hong Kong International Airport says he agreed reluctantly to help the Airport Authority in carrying out its marine ecology assessment because the authority could not find any local experts for the task.

"Actually I do not want to do it. But they cannot find a local expert to do it so I decided to take part," said Samuel Hung Ka-yiu, chairman of the Hong Kong Dolphin Conservation Society.

"Taking part in it does not mean I endorse this project," he added.

**************

The authority had adopted three methods to track dolphin activities in the area around the proposed reclamation area, said Peter Lee, its general manager of environment projects.

In one of those methods, marine experts take a small vessel four times a month on average to identify possible dolphin activities. In another, experts make use of four sets of devices to observe from the land dolphin activities five days a month.

"The advantage of this method is that it is fully non-invasive to dolphin activities," Lee said.

Hung has been helping the authority with these two methods.

In the third, five acoustic devices have placed under the water to identify dolphins by tracking their sounds. These three methods have been adopted in phases since October.

Apart from these assessments, marine experts have also begun other surveys including coral, the marine benthic area - the lowest part of the sea from the shore to the depths - and the areas between high and low tide.

**************

This part of the assessment is expected to be finished in September or October next year.

The authority said the total study area for dolphin activities covers 3,000 hectares.
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Old January 2nd, 2013, 05:44 AM   #191
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Quote:
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By dc925 from a Hong Kong photography forum :

cool
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Old January 2nd, 2013, 07:13 AM   #192
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Mountain fear raised on third runway plan
The Standard
Wednesday, July 11, 2012

A veteran pilot doubts whether government planners can get on top of mountainous challenges to a third runway at Hong Kong International Airport.

Retired Cathay Pacific senior first officer Jan Bochenski, with 21 years of flying experience, said he and many other pilots fail to see a way around problems unless there is a mountain-cutting plan.

The 957-meter Tai Mo Shan, the highest mountain in the territory, is in the middle of the flight path to the proposed third runway, Bochenski said, and pilots about to land will need to bank aircraft at a sharp angle.

But a towering concern, he said, is Castle Peak at 583m being in the middle of a third runway's essential escape route if something went wrong on landing.

He asked: "Is the government planning to cut down Castle Peak? Maybe." But how could a pilot face face such high ground if a plane lost an engine? This, he said, would be "impossible."

Even if all engines were functioning, Bochenski added, aircraft need considerable power to clear mountains.

He also said that if aircraft were to try to avoid facing Castle Peak this would crowd airspace occupied by those using the other two runways.

The Airport Authority has already discussed routes linked to a third runway with Britain's National Air Traffic Services.

An authority spokesman also said there would be enough "obstacle clearance" to meet requirements of the International Civil Aviation Organization.
Want a third runway? use Kai tak.. hehe...
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Old January 2nd, 2013, 07:17 AM   #193
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cool
So have they opened the other concourses?

Why don't they build the runway here, where the ' + ' symbol is located? it looks like a waste-land.. a waste of space... they can build a small runway for VIP jets or other small aircraft here...

http://wikimapia.org/#lat=22.3073705...ch=hong%20kong
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Old January 2nd, 2013, 04:59 PM   #194
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Quote:
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So have they opened the other concourses?

Why don't they build the runway here, where the ' + ' symbol is located? it looks like a waste-land.. a waste of space... they can build a small runway for VIP jets or other small aircraft here...

http://wikimapia.org/#lat=22.3073705...ch=hong%20kong
Don't think the horizontal separation is enough as it is very close to the other 2 existing runways. Also, if a plane overshoots, it will crash right into the passenger terminal, so that spot is not good for a runway. Instead, that plot of land is slated for passenger terminal expansion.
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Old January 4th, 2013, 09:10 AM   #195
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Don't think the horizontal separation is enough as it is very close to the other 2 existing runways. Also, if a plane overshoots, it will crash right into the passenger terminal, so that spot is not good for a runway. Instead, that plot of land is slated for passenger terminal expansion.
Oh, i see. That vacant spot has been the same ever since the airport opened in 1998.. Another option is to build a third runway on the southern side of Lantau, although this option sounds abit weird?

What they could also do is reclaim land west of CLK and build the third runway there..
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Old January 4th, 2013, 03:10 PM   #196
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Old January 4th, 2013, 05:13 PM   #197
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Smokes - China?
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Old January 31st, 2013, 03:23 PM   #198
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Hong Kong Airport Authority to launch study into fourth runway
Monday, 28 January, 2013, 2:49pm
South China Morning Post

Hong Kong must face the question of whether a fourth airport runway will be needed by 2030, in a new strategic study, the transport minister said on Monday.

Anthony Cheung Bing-leung, secretary for transport and housing, told lawmakers in the commerce and economic development panel that the Airport Authority would launch a study about the strategic development of the airport beyond 2030.

“It will be a preliminary study into a development strategy beyond the 30’s,” said Cheung.

“Developments in Asian transport facilities will be examined, but the question of whether a fourth runway is needed will be unavoidable in the strategic study,” he said.

Last March the Executive Council supported the building of a third runway in principle. The authority is currently working on the environmental impact assessment for that project, which will involve reclaiming 600 hectares of land from the sea.

But the third runway will absorb the projected increase in air traffic demand only until 2030. The project is backed by the aviation industry but has drawn heavy criticism from environmental groups.

Cheung said the airport would continue to increase its handling capacity before the third runway was completed. By the end of next year, the airport will add 14 new aprons – areas where aircraft are parked, refuelled, boarded and so forth.
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Old February 4th, 2013, 08:02 AM   #199
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Midfield Terminal Construction
Source : http://pic.feeyo.com/posts/579/5794399.html



Project launch press release : http://www.hongkongairport.com/eng/m...s/pr_1050.html
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Old February 28th, 2013, 05:00 PM   #200
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LCQ4: Hong Kong International Airport's plan to build third runway
Wednesday, February 27, 2013
Government Press Release

Following is a question by the Hon Ng Leung-sing and a written reply by the Secretary for Transport and Housing, Professor Anthony Cheung Bing-leung, in the Legislative Council today (February 27):

Question:

It has been reported that the "Overall Plan of Nansha New District of Guangzhou (2011-2030)", published by the Guangzhou Urban Planning Bureau last month, has revealed that the mainland authorities intend to build the second airport of Guangzhou in the southwestern part of Wanqinsha Town in Nansha District. In this connection, will the
Government inform this Council:

(a) whether it has assessed the challenges to Hong Kong and the co-operation opportunities between Guangdong and Hong Kong to be brought by the aforesaid airport construction project; and

(b) of the impact of the aforesaid airport construction project on the plan of the Hong Kong International Airport to build the third runway?

Reply:

President,

The Plan for the Development of Nansha New District of Guangzhou (2011-2030) proposes to study the development of a business jet airport in the area. According to our understanding, the proposed plan is still under study and details are yet to be available.

Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA) is one of the world's busiest passenger and cargo airports whereas the above proposed airport development should be designed for business jets. The two airports differ in their positioning and major target users. The mutual influence between the two airports should therefore be insignificant. That notwithstanding, we will continue to keep in view the development of the proposed business jet airport, and assess the possible challenges and co-operation opportunities which may be brought to Hong Kong when more information is available.

Although there are already a few airports in the region, external connectivity is vital to maintaining Hong Kong's competitiveness and status as an international business and aviation centre. As such, it is crucial to ensure that HKIA has adequate facilities and capacity to meet the forecast air traffic demand. In 2012, the Government gave in-principle approval for the Airport Authority (AA) to adopt the three-runway system as the future development plan for HKIA. AA is taking forward the specific planning work relating to the three-runway system, including the statutory environmental impact assessment, associated design details and financing arrangements, etc. When the relevant assessments and other information are available, the Government will make the final decision on the implementation of the three-runway system. Currently, the three-runway system is expected to commence operation in 2023.
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