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Old January 27th, 2005, 04:31 PM   #1
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Amsterdam Schiphol International / KLM-Air France

Amsterdam Schiphol International / KLM-Air France
World No 9, Europe's No.4 in pass/ No 3 in freight.






http://www.airwork.nl/airportguide/a...eham-gates.jpg

*

Short history.
Schiphol (municipality Haarlemmermeer) is the Netherlands main airport. Located south of Amsterdam, Schiphol aims to be a European mainport, competing in passenger and cargo throughout with Heathrow International Airport in London, UK, Frankfurt International Airport in Frankfurt am Main, Germany and Charles de Gaulle International Airport in Roissy, France. Schiphol's IATA airport code is AMS.

The name Schiphol first appeared in 1447. On the airport spot then a large lake was situated; the Haarlemmermeer. Schiphol meant something as "dangerous spot for ships". During storms it was a dangerous place to be. In 1848 they began to pump the lake dry and the Haarlemmermeer became a typical Dutch polder. In the northeast corner Fort Schiphol was built as a part of the immense ring of defense around the city of Amsterdam. During war, the locks could be openend and the polders then were inundated.


Fort Schiphol 1934.

In 1916, the Dutch Minister of War gave permission to start construction for a millitary airstrip next to Fort Schiphol. In august 1916, the first airplanes touched down on the small airfield with the size of 16, 5 hectares with 4 wooden hangars. Soon, the airfield was considered too small and it was extended to 76 hectares. So Schiphol started early last century as a military airbase, consisting only of a few barracks and a mudpool serving as platform/runways.

After WW1 in which the Netherlands stayed neutral, planes more and more started to carry post freight and passengers. In october 1919, Mr. Albert Plesman founded the "The Royal Airline Company for The Netherlands and its Colonies NV" or Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij voor Nederland en Kolonien NV; now KLM Royal Dutch Airlines. KLM is therefore one of the oldest airline in the world. On may 1920, KLM started its first line service to London. Thus Schiphol airfield became the airfield for Amsterdam.


1928

Schiphol grew steadely. In 1926 the Amsterdam Municipality gained control over the airfield. This was anther good thing, since after that, Schiphol grew even faster. Infrastructure, concrete platforms, a passenger building and a control tower were built. In 1935 the airfield was extended up to 180 hectares. Drainage was improved, airstrip-lights installed and 4 asphalt/concrete landing strips were built. In 1940, the Germans bombed and occupied the airfield, but later they further extended the landing strips.


Schiphol 1945

The Fokker aircraft manufacturer started a factory near Schiphol airport in 1951. Anthony Fokker was a famous Dutch aircraft designer who worked for the Germans in WW1.


Building an international airport.

In the 1960's the old airfield was torn down, and a huge new one-terminal concept airport was built with 4 large and one small runway. From this moment on, it was one of the largest airports in Europe, speedened by the presence of the KLM. Also from that time on Schiphol positioned itself as an important airport in freight.

Currently Schiphol features 5 main runways, plus 1 used mainly by general aviation aircraft. The "fifth runway" (really the sixth) was completed in 2003. Plans have already been made for a seventh runway.
The airport is built as one large terminal split in to three large departure halls, the most recent having been completed in 1994, which converge again once airside. There are constantly carrying out further terminal expansion.

The Dutch Railways operate a major passenger train station directly underneath the passenger terminal complex. Thalys International operates a TGV rail service between Amsterdam, Schiphol, The Hague HS, Rotterdam, Berchem Rail Station (Antwerp), Midi Rail Station (Brussels) and Gare du Nord in Paris.

Schiphol has large shopping areas as a source of revenue and as an additional attractant to air carrier passengers. Schiphol Plaza is the shopping center before customs, hence not only for air travellers, also for people who just change train here, etc. There is a regular size supermarket, Food Village, that is open until midnight seven days a week. Such long shopping hours are rare in the Netherlands.

Schiphol is the world's lowest airport. The Schiphol ATC tower, with a height of 101 m, was the highest in the world when constructed in 1991. Its base is actually 5 m below sea level.

*

RUNWAYS
18L - 36R (Aalsmeerbaan, 3400 meter lang)
18C - 36C (Zwanenburgbaan, 3300 m)
18R - 36L (Polderbaan, 3800 m)
09 - 27 (Buitenveldertbaan, 3450 m)
06 - 24 (Kaagbaan, 3490 m)
04 - 22 (Oostbaan, small planes)


*





The old airport building, now rebuilt in an aviation theme park/museum Aviodrome.

Last edited by Nemo; October 28th, 2005 at 03:33 PM.
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Old January 27th, 2005, 04:43 PM   #2
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Schiphol's 2004 Passenger Numbers Reach 42.5 Mln
January 5, 2005

Amsterdam's Schiphol Airport handled a record 42.5 million airline passengers last year even with the number of flights below the levels prior to the September 11, 2001 attacks, its operator said.

Schiphol Group, which operates the Netherlands main hub airport, said in a statement on Wednesday that in addition to a 6.5 percent rise in passenger numbers in 2004, cargo handling rose 8.5 percent to more than 1.4 million tonnes.

The airport group, which the government may partially privatize, said it expected a further 4.5 percent rise in passenger handling numbers this year.

Schiphol Group Director Gerlach Cerfontaine urged the government, which owns 75.8 percent of the entity and is expected to give some details this year on the privatization, to list the company so that it can access capital markets.

"We are convinced that in the changing airport sector it is important that Schiphol is listed and given the same opportunity as its peers to raise capital to invest," he said.

(Reuters)

Last edited by Nemo; April 10th, 2005 at 02:20 PM.
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Old January 27th, 2005, 05:06 PM   #3
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Airport of the Year 2004 - Final Rankings

1st Hong Kong Int'l Airport

2nd Singapore Changi Airport

3rd Amsterdam Schiphol Airport

4th Seoul Incheon Airport

5th Kuala Lumpur KLIA Airport

6 Dubai Int'l Airport

7 Copenhagen Airport

8 Sydney Airport

9 Kansai Int'l Airport

10 Munich Airport

Amsterdam Schiphol returns to the top 5 airports in 2004

Skytrax Airport of the Year is the global barometer of airline passenger opinions. Free of any outside or financial influences. It is the only airport survey that achieves a truly worldwide audience - made up of more than 86 different passenger nationalities.

The Survey was conducted over a 10 month period - June 2003 to March 2004 - the total number of eligible survey nominations being 4,844,233.

The response level represents an increase of over 3 million completed questionnaires compared to the 2002/3 Survey - the survey boosted by the launch of a dedicated Passenger Survey site in May 2003. Details

It reflects a considerable achievement for Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA) to take the Airport of the Year title in 2004 - this now being the 4th consecutive year for HKIA.

This accolade was not without challenge however - Singapore Changi being ahead in the survey for 4 months of the project period - and the final vote differential between these two airports again being amongst the closest result we have seen. As Changi progresses the development of it's new Terminal 3, the challenge to HKIA looks set to heighten!

Amsterdam Schiphol returns to the top 5 airports in 2004 - having slipped to 7th position in 2003 - and is Europe's only challenger to the apparent Asian supremacy for airport comfort and efficiency. "Amsterdam Schiphol is clearly established as Europe's favourite large airport - there are many who prefer the more peaceful, small regional airports, but for those long haul trips, Schiphol is certainly the top choice. Whilst connecting between flights can require marathon distance walks, the remainder of Schiphol facilities offer a good level of variety and facility".

Seoul Incheon moves from 6th last year to take 4th position, whilst Kuala Lumpur's KLIA Airport comes in at 5th place - up from 9th in 2003.

The Survey again sees Asian airports dominating top rankings, with 3 of the top 5 airports being relatively modern developments - a clear bonus in terms of planning facilities.

Contrasting the respondent comments for airport nominations, HKIA for example scored highly for the open spaces, clarity throughout the terminal buildings, natural daylighting and external views - something an older airport such as Singapore Changi cannot compete directly with - however Singapore Changi was the outright winner in terms of passenger comfort facilities and amenities provided across it's terminal buildings.

Last edited by Nemo; April 10th, 2005 at 02:20 PM.
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Old January 27th, 2005, 05:07 PM   #4
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Nice airport, best airport name in the world
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Old January 27th, 2005, 05:13 PM   #5
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The new 5th runway (polderbaan) and ATC tower.










*

Extra ATC tower next to new 5th runway.
hight : 60 meter
completed : 2003
Opdrachtgever : ATC
Architects : Benthem & Crouwel Amsterdam

*



Last edited by Nemo; November 3rd, 2006 at 03:51 PM.
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Old January 27th, 2005, 05:20 PM   #6
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KLM Royal Dutch Airlines has Amsterdam Schiphol as main hub.














Last edited by Nemo; January 27th, 2005 at 05:27 PM.
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Old January 27th, 2005, 05:28 PM   #7
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Hilton Hotel, Schiphol

Extension of the Hilton Hotel on Amsterdam Airport Schiphol of app. 14.965 m2



The Hilton Hotel at Schiphol Airport with its 275 rooms is planning a substantial extension. Another 220 rooms, a new lobby, a health club and a business centre will be added to the existing hotel that was built in the nineteen sixties. The new structure will cover 15.000 m2 of the area in front of the existing Hilton building. It will be situated on the so called “ Service Strip”, an elongated piece of land that forms the starting point in all development plans for Schiphol Centre.

On the one hand, the new building will conform to the typical airport architecture of the Strip in its materialization, height and rhythm. On the other hand, the new building will distinguish itself through its shape: two wings of nine floors each have been designed, the points of which jut out of the Strip. The curved facades of the wings will be covered with alternating patined and non-patined zinc strips. The wings rest on a steel construction of columns which appear to form the letters V, N and W.

Irregularly placed red/orange coloured colums support the roof of the lobby. These colums also define the appearance of its facades. The roof is interrupted by the wings which seem to "fall through" the lobby. One of the wings runs fully through the lobby and creates up a division between the public space and the service area. In the service area one finds the kitchen, the house keeping department and several technical spaces. The lobby is also being traversed by a broad glazed corridor that runs from Schiphol Plaza, over the whole Strip, to the Gateway building. Like a bridge hung between the two wings, the "traverse" literally opens up towards the Hilton Lobby and continues its way through the zinc wing towards the Gateway. The lobby can be reached by way of the slowly descending stairs, under which the main entrance is situated. The zinc wall of the wing guides the visitor deeper into the hall, towards the low-lying Front Desk and Bar.

Several smaller service rooms with broad spaces in between connect the new lobby with the restaurant of the existing building. From here, the new business centre can be reached. The low-rise business centre surrounds the lower part of the old hotel and has the same type of facade as the lobby.

*

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Project Data
Design: 2000 - 2001
Client: Hilton International, Clifton, U.K.
Management consultant: Turner & Townsend Europe, Schiphol-Rijk
Structural engineer: ABT Adviesbureau voor Bouwtechniek b.v., Delft
Mechanical engineer: Schoonenwolf Raadgevende ingenieurs b.v., Badhoevedorp;







Last edited by Nemo; November 3rd, 2006 at 03:50 PM.
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Old January 27th, 2005, 05:30 PM   #8
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Pictures of construction site on the extension of the West-pier.

Originally posted by @IDD (Holland Hoogbouw Forum)

Last edited by Nemo; November 3rd, 2006 at 03:50 PM.
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Old January 27th, 2005, 11:01 PM   #9
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@Nemo: Very thorough and interesting set of posts on Schiphol and KLM, one of my favorite airports and airlines.
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Old January 28th, 2005, 12:45 AM   #10
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Schiphol is one of the most efficient and easy to navigate airports in the world!
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Old January 28th, 2005, 03:19 AM   #11
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really a great airport and I like the way the lanes are spread and coneted with the terminals.

thanks for the info. and photos Nemo.


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Old January 28th, 2005, 11:19 AM   #12
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Size of Amstedam Schiphol International Airport

How big is Amsterdam's Schiphol International Airport in terms of land area? (preferably in hectares)
I'm guessing its the largest airport in Europe in terms of area. It has more runways than 3,000 acre Heathrow: as well as Frankfurt International.


I guess the only great competitor is the Roissy-Charlles de Gaulle International Airport of Paris but even its 3,200 hectares seems smaller compared to Schiphol's right? I mean, there are 5 runways?!!

I would much appreciate anyone who is able to give me the total land area of Schiphol.
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Old January 28th, 2005, 12:55 PM   #13
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@Harry Potter China

I don't know how large the AA area is. I will try to find it out.


aerial with new fifth runway at left.


old aerial picture.














www.websnacks.nl




Last edited by Nemo; January 28th, 2005 at 02:12 PM.
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Old January 28th, 2005, 01:16 PM   #14
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fantastic work Nemo!!

i'm a strong supporter of Europe's highest ranked airport, Amsterdam Schiphol!

do you have renderings of Benthem Crouwel's gateway building(s)??

greetings from california
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Old January 28th, 2005, 02:00 PM   #15
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@SCORPION

Gateway Building Amsterdam Schiphol
architects Benthem Crouwel NACO Amsterdam.


The Gateway building (25,000 m²) is to become the entrance to the Schiphol airport terminal. Planned development: 2006/2007
http://www.amsterdam-re.com/index.php?pageid=300

*

World Trade Center

The WTC Schiphol Airport has been extended and now has a total floor surface of 52,000 m², divided over four office towers. 15,000 m² is still available.

*


Schiphol Logistics Park
Schiphol Logistics Park, directly adjacent to the A4 freeway, is a new industrial park taking up 45 hectares available for large-scale logistical activities. This is a joint development by the Schiphol Area Development Company (SADC), KLM and Schiphol Real Estate. Schiphol Logistics Park.

Cargo World Schiphol
The very best location for (air-)freight traffic is Cargo World Schiphol South and Southeast with a host of possibilities for new collective business buildings, offices and warehousing. There are fast connections with the rest of the Netherlands thanks to the highways in the vicinity, such as the A4, the A5 and the A9. The flagship here is the Columbus office building (4,800 m²), with its striking design and impressive image. The building affords a splendid view of the Kaagbaan, which is one of the busiest runways at Schiphol.

*

NIKON building


*


Schiphol Plaza.

Last edited by Nemo; January 28th, 2005 at 03:01 PM.
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Old January 28th, 2005, 03:55 PM   #16
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Cool!
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Old January 28th, 2005, 05:41 PM   #17
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there are a lot of flyovers between the terminals. are there pictures from that infra-system? new ones, because they are still building on it ...
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Old January 29th, 2005, 11:23 PM   #18
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A Quick flight through KLM history.

May 17th, 1920, KLM's first scheduled flight on arrival from London at Amsterdam Schiphol Airport.


1924 KLM ticket.

The success of the 1928 trial flights encouraged KLM to commence regular scheduled services every fortnight between The Netherlands and Indonesia. The first flight left on September 12th, 1929. The journey took 12 days.

1934 was an eventful year for KLM. The company was the first in Europe to introduce the all-metal Douglas DC-2 to its fleet. Koene Dirk Parmentier successfully captained the DC-2 PH-AJU 'Uiver' in the London - Melbourne Race. Yet another historic flight, this time to be Americas, followed. Captain J.J. Hondong piloted Fokker F-XVIII PH-AIS 'Snip' across the Atlantic on the first flight to Curacao and Paramaribo.

1936: Once again KLM led the field in Europe, scoring another first with the successor to the DC-2, the DC-3.


1936 DC3




1947; In this year the Lockheed Constellation was an important addition to the KLM fleet.



1949 'Connie's

1950; KLM home base right from the start in 1920, an aerial view of Schiphol in the early fifties.


1957

1958; The last great piston type aircraft in KLM's service was the Douglas DC-7C.

1967; Home base Schiphol had meanwhile undergone a major transformation. An entirely new terminal was opened on the western edge of the airport.

1969; In its 50th anniversary year, KLM doubled its original order of three Boeing 747s to six. The enormous contours of its silhouette were drawn on the Schiphol platform to give the Dutch public an idea of what to expect when it arrived. Forty five DAF cars were parked on it for extra emphasis.

1971;
1971 was another 'ordinary' year in the life of KLM, beginning with the delivery of the company's first Boeing 747, PH-BUA 'Mississippi' in February.

Last edited by Nemo; November 3rd, 2006 at 03:49 PM.
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Old January 30th, 2005, 10:46 PM   #19
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AIR FRANCE-KLM, WORLD LEADER IN AIR CARGO TRANSPORT: CREATION OF THE “CARGO EUROPEAN HOUSE”

27 jan 2005.

Since the Air France-KLM Group was set up, the two airlines have developed a deeper and closer cooperation in their cargo businesses. They have made significant progress in achieving synergies such as network management, capacity swaps and coordinating freighter schedules. In addition, KLM has joined SkyTeam Cargo.

The founding principle of Air France-KLM is “One group, Two airlines, Three core businesses”. Hence, the focus in the coming years will broadly be on realizing synergies and not on organizational integration. However, in certain specific sectors, such as cargo, joint entities will be introduced if justified by a strong business rationale.

As part of this strategy, and as announced on 14 May 2004, Air France and KLM have decided to create a unified management body in their cargo businesses, called “Cargo European House”, which should be operational by the end of 2005. This team will be in charge of network management, marketing and sales, with each airline continuing to manage its own operations.

The aim of this initiative is:
- to create a single commercial offer for optimum customer benefits;
- to consolidate and develop the position of Air France Cargo and KLM Cargo based on the dual-hub strategy with Charles de Gaulle and Schiphol as cornerstones;
- to secure the ongoing performance improvement in cargo and fully realize the substantial synergy potential.

The two Executive Vice Presidents of Air France Cargo and KLM Cargo will implement the new unified management body, under the responsibility of Michael Wisbrun, Executive Vice President of KLM Cargo. Marc Boudier, Executive Vice President of Air France Cargo, will define the interfaces between this new management body and both Air France Cargo and KLM Cargo. Michael Wisbrun will continue to be a member of the Air France-KLM Strategic Management Committee. Marc Boudier will remain EVP of Air France Cargo and a member of the Air France Executive Committee.
*
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Old February 1st, 2005, 03:09 PM   #20
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Schiphol's Network and capacity.
The most important asset or added value of Amsterdam Airport Schiphol to the Dutch economy is its extensive network of European and intercontinental connections. Because of the airport's excellent network, dozens of international companies have set up businesses in the airport's vicinity over the past years. In summer 2004, Amsterdam Airport Schiphol offered direct flights to 247 airports, over one hundred of which were situated outside Europe. The available runway and environmental capacity is vital in ensuring that all of these flights are carried out in the proper manner. Amsterdam Airport Schiphol must comply with many environmental rules and regulations, as a result of which managing capacity is a complex process. Prior to 2003, the Usage Plan played a key part in the above. Now it is the Operating Plan.

Network
The timetable published by Amsterdam Airport Schiphol at the beginning of the winter and summer seasons, includes maps highlighting all European and intercontinental destinations available from Schiphol.

Of all European airports Amsterdam Airport Schiphol offered the second largest number of destinations, after Frankfurt in the summer of 2003. It offered the fourth largest number of weekly flights after London Heathrow, Paris Charles de Gaulle and Frankfurt.

Capacity
The available runway and environmental capacity is vital in operating Amsterdam Airport Schiphol's network.

With the opening of the new 18R-36L runway (fifth runway or Polderbaan), Amsterdam Airport Schiphol's new runway system has a theoretical capacity of 600,000 annual air transport movements (the four-runway system had an annual capacity of 460,000 air transport movements).
Aviation at Schiphol must however comply with environmental standards, which means that the actual or environmental capacity of the runway system is lower. As a result of a data input error made in the Environmental Impact Assessment Schiphol 2003, the environmental capacity of the new runway system is currently around 498,000 air transport movements (before the error was discovered this was 528,000).
With noisy aircraft being replaced on an ongoing basis by quieter aircraft and the introduction of new, less noisy take-off and landing procedures, environmental capacity is expected to grow in the coming years between 520,000-600,000 air transport movements annually.

In addition to annual capacity, the runway system's peak hour capacity is also key because it determines how many aircraft are able to take off and land during peak hours. The current peak-hour capacity of Amsterdam Airport Schiphol's runway system amounts to 104-108 aircraft movements per hour when weather conditions are favourable. This is one of the highest figures in Europe.
If the necessary technical and other measures are taken, due to the opening of the new 18R-36L runway, it will be possible to increase peak-hour capacity in stages to 120-125 air transport movements per hour in the coming years.
*

Last edited by Nemo; November 3rd, 2006 at 03:48 PM.
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