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Old August 5th, 2009, 07:30 AM   #1
No1_Saint
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Mormon Temple Architecture

There are many different styles of Mormon temples spanning from the first temple in Kirtland to the latest dedicated in Draper Utah.

Kirtland
1836



Nauvoo
1846 - destroyed by fire in 1848.



Rebuilt in 2002


Last edited by desertpunk; March 22nd, 2013 at 02:35 AM. Reason: too long
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Old August 5th, 2009, 07:36 AM   #2
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Utah - later 19th century

St George
1871



Logan
1884



Manti
1888

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Old August 5th, 2009, 07:47 AM   #3
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HQ - Salt Lake Temple

This is the HQ of the Mormon Church situated on Temple Square which is part of a larger church campus of around 40 acres.

Salt Lake Temple
1893




Last edited by No1_Saint; August 5th, 2009 at 07:58 AM.
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Old August 5th, 2009, 07:56 AM   #4
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Post Joseph Smith and Brigham Young

There was a large gap of over 20 years between the Salt Lake Temple and the Laie Hawaii Temple producing very different architectural styles.

Laie Hawaii
1919



Cardston Alberta
1923



Mesa Arizona
1927

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Old August 5th, 2009, 08:11 AM   #5
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International style phase

First standardised plans come into affect for the London England, Bern Switzerland and Hamilton New Zealand Temples with a strong international style flavour. The first temples outside North America or the USA were built during this period.

Idaho Falls Idaho
1945



Bern Switzerland
1955



Los Angeles
1956



Hamilton New Zealand
1958



London England
1958



Oakland California
1964

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Old August 5th, 2009, 08:20 AM   #6
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Modern efficiency - form follows function

Two large temples with large capacities built with an extremely efficient and streamlined design. These temples were built to be used...alot. Particuarly the Provo temple built next to the large campus of the Mormon owned Brigham Young University and Missionary Training Centre. Questionable result regarding aesthetic.

Ogden Utah
1972



Provo Utah
1972

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Old August 5th, 2009, 08:30 AM   #7
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Surrendor Dorothy

The ultimate PR Temple. This was built when the Mormons were wanting to mainstream themselves not only in the USA but also the rest of the World. Where? Washington...the centre of power. It is no coincidence that this temple mimics the Salt Lake Temple.

This is a landmark along the Capital Beltway and graffiti saying "Surrendor Dorothy" have been periodically sprayed on bridges approaching the vista of the temple. The reference is self explanatory when seeing the temple.

Washington DC
1974



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Old August 5th, 2009, 08:35 AM   #8
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More to come.

Ok...there are more to come.

During the late 1970's and 1980's the standardised plans really took off all over the world taking Mormon temples all over the world.

More tonight...or tomorrow.
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Old August 5th, 2009, 03:31 PM   #9
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Moves abroad.

The next four temples are precursors to the more aggressive global expansion that comes later on in the early 80's. Both Asia and South America get their first temple during this period of quiet expansion, as does the North-West of the USA and another high capacity temple in Utah to meet growing demands in the heartland.

Sao Paulo Brazil
1978



Tokyo Japan
1980



Seattle Washington
1978



Jordan River Utah
1981

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Old August 5th, 2009, 04:10 PM   #10
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A global community of temples

The 80's was an unprecedented time of temple building for the Mormons. To facilitate this a couple of standards designs were formulated at HQ and varied according to size required. Many of these had to be extended significantly not long after dedication as demand exceeded projected capacity very quickly.

To put into perspective the first 22 temples were built over a period of 151 years. The next 24 were built in 7.

First temple in the Scandinavian region, first in a communist country, first in Africa and first in the pacific islands.

Atlanta Georgia
1983



Apia Samoa
1983 - Burnt down during renovations in 2003



Rebuilt 2005


Nuku'alofa Tonga
1983



Santiago Chile
1983



Papeete Tahiti
1983



Mexico City Mexico
1983



Boise Idaho
1984



Sydney Australia
1984



Manila Phillipines
1984



Dallas Texas
1984



Taipei Taiwan
1984



Guatemala City Guatemala
1984



Freiberg Germany - first build in a communist country
1985



Stockholm Sweden
1985


Chicago Illisnois
1985



Johannesburg South Africa
1985



Seoul Korea
1985



Lima Peru
1985



Buenos Aires Argentina
1985



Denver Colorado
1986



Frankfurt Germany - built with just one tower and not the normal 6 as per the standard plan used with others of this period
1987



Portland Oregon
1989



Las Vegas Nevada - the largest of this design
1989



Toronto Ontario - the largest of this design
1990


Last edited by No1_Saint; August 6th, 2009 at 04:54 AM.
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Old August 5th, 2009, 04:13 PM   #11
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Walt Disney?

All I can say is...what the? First to include non Mormons to design the interior completely including furniture...they were Catholic incidentally.

San Diego California
1993

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Old August 5th, 2009, 04:25 PM   #12
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The bridging temples

This is where the Mormons created a new and long lasting aesthetic. This is where you see a more conservative and modern classical approach to temple architecture still in use today.


In addition to this an old Tabernacle in Vernal Utah is retrofitted into a temple and a high rise temple in Hong Kong is built that includes multiple functions other then the temple to combat high real estate prices. This would become the first in China and the second in a communist country...both facts occurring after the fact when China regains control from the British.

Orlando Florida
1994



Bountiful Utah
1994



Hong Kong China
1996



Mount Timpanogos Utah
1996



St. Louis Missouri
1997



Vernal Utah
1997



Preston England
1998

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Old August 5th, 2009, 04:40 PM   #13
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the guinea pig

To build a temple there are a number of goals that need to be met:
  • Membership needs to be at a certain level
  • Certain amount of temple attendees
  • Certain amount of projected growth needed

This is because the cost of temples traditionally is quite high. A full sized temple in the 70's such as the Seattle temple cost around 22 million dollars. You could probably build 3 or 4 smaller temples with the modern equivalent of that price.

Temple worship is the highest Sacrament in the Mormon Church however a large portion of the membership were not within reasonable traveling distance of one. In addition to this there were areas where significant growth was not expected.

Solution - smaller temples to a standardized design, limited services with a heavily streamlined process.

Result - the prototype of the new smaller generation temples pioneered by Gordon B. Hinckley...15th President of the Mormon Church. Originally had a cream colored Angel Moroni but was gilded in traditional gold as it would often 'disappear' on a cloudy day.

Monticello Utah
1998 - rededicated in 2002 that doubled it's original size.

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Old August 5th, 2009, 04:49 PM   #14
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Pictures of the 30 or so standard plan temples built from 1998 through to 2002 to come tomorrow.
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Old August 5th, 2009, 05:00 PM   #15
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exquisite
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Old August 5th, 2009, 05:41 PM   #16
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hmm. Many of them look a bit like soviet-propaganda-war-memorials.
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Old August 5th, 2009, 06:22 PM   #17
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intesting thread! Strange how they 'borrow' elements from existing styles, some look almost gothic, others are more like a mausoleum, while others, as mentioned, seem to be inspired by the stalinist skyscrapers...

State university, Moscow:




I'm glad we don't have these wacko's over here though...
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Old August 5th, 2009, 08:01 PM   #18
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I really like many of the international style temples. Lovely buildings.
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Old August 6th, 2009, 12:33 AM   #19
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The Mormons are definitely on to something Socialist:

http://www.arl.wustl.edu/~gorinsky/a...n_Sisters.html

I love it!
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Old August 6th, 2009, 01:41 AM   #20
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Manila, Philippines temple

image hosted on flickr
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