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Old November 21st, 2010, 10:28 PM   #361
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south-africa.me.uk

Kasteel de Goede Hoop

Kaapstad, Zuid-Afrika


Built by the Dutch East India Company between 1666 and 1679, the Castle is the oldest colonial building in South Africa. It replaced an older fort called the Fort de Goede Hoop which was made out of clay and timber and built by Jan van Riebeeck upon his arrival at the Cape in 1652, in addition to two redouts Redout Kyckuit and Redout Duijnhoop, which were built at the mouth of the Salt River in 1654. The purpose of the Dutch settlement in the Cape was to act as a replenishment station for ships passing the treacherous coast around the Cape on long voyages between the Netherlands and the Dutch East Indies (now Indonesia).

During 1664, tensions between Britain and the Netherlands rose with rumours that war was imminent. That same year, Commander Zacharias Wagenaer, successor to Jan van Riebeeck, was instructed by Commissioner Isbrand Goske to build a pentagonal fortress out of stone. The first stone was laid on 2nd January 1666. Work was interrupted frequently because the VOC was reluctant to spend money on the project, but on 26th April 1679, the five bastions were named after the main titles of William III of Orange-Nassau: Leerdam to the west, with respectively Buuren, Katzenellenbogen, Nassau and Oranje clockwise from it.

Sketch of Castle of Good Hope Courtyard in 1680. In 1682, the gated entry replaced the old entrance which had faced the sea. A bell tower, situated over the main entrance, was built in 1684 ó the original bell, the oldest in South Africa, was cast in Amsterdam in 1697 by the East-Frisian bell-maker Claude Fremy and weighs just over 300 kilograms. It was used to announce time, as well as warning citizens in case of danger, since it could be heard 10 kilometers away. It was also rung to summon residents and soldiers when important announcements needed to be made.

Inside, the fortress housed a church, bakery, various workshops, living quarters, shops and cells, among other facilities. The yellow paint on the walls was originally chosen because it lessened the effect of heat and the scorching sun. A wall, built in order to protect citizens in case of an attack, divides the inner courtyard which also houses the well-known De Kat Balcony which was designed by Louis Michel Thibault with reliefs and sculptures by Anton Anreith. The original was built in 1695, but rebuilt in its current form between 1786 and 1790. From the balcony, announcements were made to soldiers, slaves and burghers of the Cape. The balcony leads to the William Fehr collection of paintings and antique furniture.



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Picture by Xevi V on Flickr


www.fortified-places.com - Kaart uit 1760 met daarop de uitleg van het Nederlandse Kaapstad en het fort.


Wiki Commons


wikimedia commons

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Picture by thaloen on Flickr - Ook de toegangspoort draagt de VOC-logo's en wapenschilden van Nederlandse steden.

Last edited by Nemo; March 30th, 2011 at 11:04 AM.
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Old November 26th, 2010, 10:07 PM   #362
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Picture by Radiansyah on Flickr


Javasche Bank

Batavia/Jakarta, Java, IndonesiŽ


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Martinguibz's photostream on Flickr

Nog een extraatje.

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Picture by Rosenkugel on Flickr

Maquette met daarop te zien hoe het nieuwe en het oude Nationaal Museum zijn geÔntegreerd.

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Old November 29th, 2010, 11:23 AM   #363
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Semarang Old Town



From http://mcetak.suaramerdeka.com/PUBLI...1.shtml?Mode=1
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Old December 6th, 2010, 01:21 AM   #364
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Beautiful aerial-pic.


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Picture by arie yamani on Flickr



Koetaradja/Banda Aceh

Sumatra - IndonesiŽ


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Picture by arie yamani on Flickr - Telecommunicatiehuisje, 1903.


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Picture by arie yamani on Flickr - Watertoren

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Picture by arie yamani on Flickr - Nederlands oologsgraf

This historical cemetery was inundated during the tsunami. Here lie the Dutch soldiers who died during the long history of Aceh War. The Dutch laid siege on Banda Aceh in 1873 and the cemetery was established in 1880. More than 2200 soldier are buried there, including General Koehler who led the first invasion against Aceh. Apart from the Dutch, there are also Javanese, Menadonese and Ambonese enlisted men buried here. Apparently, more died from disease than on the battlefield.

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Picture by arie yamani on Flickr - location: peunayong - banda aceh

**

Zie deze PDF over de VML MULO-school met de neo-klassieke voorgevel.

**

Zie ook: deze link

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Old December 28th, 2010, 12:30 PM   #365
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India: Dutch heritage gets a new life

November 13, 2010.

CHENNAI: It was the Dutch that were indirectly responsible for the birth of Chennai some 370 years ago. At the time, they had built a fortified settlement in Pulicat while the British, seeking to establish a hold on the east coast, had none. It was then the British decided that they too should have a fortified settlement of their own, and a village called Madraspatnam was chosen to build a fort, which grew into present-day Chennai.

Now, Chennai is hosting a drive to restore Dutch heritage that includes churches, cemeteries and much more that sprang up in the region in the 17th Century.

The Tamil Nadu archives department, with assitance from the Netherlands government, has embarked on the project to restore and preserve Dutch documents dating back to the days when they had their settlements in Pondicherry, Pulicat, Sadras and Nagapattinam.

While the Tamil Nadu archives has a treasure trove of more than one lakh paper documents about the Dutch, Anna University is chipping in with research on Dutch history in Pulicat and Sadras near Kancheepuram. "The Netherlands government is offering its expertise in document restoration," said Sarah M Cohen, head, press and cultural affairs, Embasy of the Netherlands.

"We are training the staff of TN archives department and have given a couple of machines that can be used to preserve these papers. The machine can insert pulp into the old papers eaten away by moths," she said.

V Vijay Kumar, chief representative of the Netherlands Business Support Office, said that around Rs 2 crore had been given by the Netherlands government for the project. The documents will also be made into microfilms.

Sarah Cohen said that the first urban plans of Pondicherry and Ahmedabad were sketched by the Dutch. "We are also working to preserve the relics of the Dutch past in these places. The project has began in Ahmedabad. These works are part of a memorandum of understanding signed between the Netherlands and India."

Anna University has traced several Dutch churches, cemeteries, a gun powder factory, a mint and coins of 17th Century vintage at Pulicat and Sadras. Anna University vice chancellor Mannar Jawahar said the school of architecture of the university was collaborating with the Netherlands to preserve cultural heritage at Pulicat and Sadras. "This will also help sustainable tourism by helping the local population," he added.


The Times of India

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Old December 29th, 2010, 01:21 AM   #366
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dit had ik toch even nodig om het te begrijpen

A lakh or lac (English pronunciation: /ˈlśk/ lak or /ˈlɑːk/ lahk) is a unit in the Indian numbering system equal to one hundred thousand (100,000; 105).
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lakh

A crore (IPA: krōr, Hindi: करोड़, Nepali: करोड, Urdu: کروڑ) (often abbreviated cr) is a unit in the Indian numbering system equal to ten million (10000000; 107),
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crore

en dat is dan weer ongeveer 150.000 euro, vrij goedkoop lijkt me
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Old December 30th, 2010, 12:26 PM   #367
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Heel handig



Wiki Commons - Wasbazen en wasvrouwen aan het werk in het Ciliwong kanaal (kali) bij Pasar Baru langs de Postweg.


Batavia/Jakarta

Java, IndonesiŽ


Overzicht van gebouwen - fotocollectie Koninklijk Instituut voor de Tropen



Kantoor van de Nederlandsch Indische Escompto Maatschappij.


De Javasche Bank


Het gebouw van de Postspaarbank, Weltevreden


Verkeer op het plein voor het spoorwegstation, 1929




Stationsplein (Kantoor van de Nederlandsche Handelsmaatschappij - linksonder), 1938.


Hoofdgebouw van de Bataafse Petroleum Maatschappij.


Hoofdpostkantoor


Het spoorwegstation van de 'SS en T' in Tandjoeng Priok, 1930.


Tanjun Priok - de haven van Batavia.


Het in 1916 gebouwde hoofdkantoor van de koninklijke Paketvaart Maatschappij aan Koningsplein-Oost (KPM).


Telefoonkantoor aan het Koningsplein.


Kantoorgebouw van Geo. Wehry & Co, 1918. Leeuwinnegrachtstraat (nu Jl. Kunir No.2, Jakarta Kota).


De St. Josefkerk en het Ursulinen klooster te Meester Cornelis, Batavia.


H.B.S. Het Groote Klooster in Noordwijk, Batavia, Java.


Stoomtram in Batavia bij het gebouw van de ijzerwarenfabriek van Carl Schlieper, 1915.


Frans Consulaat, Koningsplein.


Het gebouw van de Koninklijke Paketvaart Maatschappij (KPM) bij de Sluisbrug, 1870.


Het kantoor van de Chartered Bank aan de Kali Besar, 1915.


Medische Hogeschool in Weltevreden, 1937.


Ziekenhuis gevestigd in het vml huis van kunstschilder Raden Saleh, 1890.


Aanzicht van het Centraal Geneeskundig Laboratorium.


Het centrale burgerlijke ziekenhuis in Batavia.


Nieuw paviljoen van Hotel des Indes.


Eetzaal van Hotel des Indes.


Gastenpaviljoen van Hotel des Indes.


Dependance van Hotel des Indes.


Pasar Gambir




Muziektent op de Pasar Gambir.


Straatgezicht met een kantoor van de NHM en reclame voor Garuda Indonesian Airways en KLM.


Handelsmaatschappijen langs de Kali Besar in de Chinese wijk.


Filiaal van de factorij van de NHM langs de Molenvliet in Noordwijk.


Het museum van de Stichting Oud Batavia op het Stadhuisplein 39.


Door paarden voortgetrokken karren passeren de voorgevel van de kathedraal aan het Waterlooplein.


De Amsterdamse Poort in de benedenstad.


Het Stadhuis, 1875


Het Hooggerechtshof (links) en het Paleis van Daendels, het "Grote Huis", aan het Waterlooplein.


Ministerie van FinanciŽn aan het Lapangan Banteng (vml Waterlooplein). Gevestigd in het Paleis van Daendels, ook wel het "Grote Huis" genoemd.


Militaire parade bij het standbeeld van Jan Pietersz. Coen op het Waterlooplein tijdens de kroningsfeesten van Koningin Wilhelmina, 1898.


De Artesische put bij Salemba, 1885.


De Artesische put aan het Koningsplein, 1885.


De Willemskerk, 1875.


De schouwburg, 1865


Het Landsarchief van Nederlandsch-IndiŽ was gevestigd in een voormalig landhuis dat omstreeks 1760 was gebouwd door R. de Klerk, gouverneur-generaal van 1777-1780.


Een chinese woning.


De winkel van "Eigen Hulp" aan de Molenvliet West, 1890.


Gebouw in de Planten- en Dierentuin, 1896.


Het Aceh monument op het Koningsplein


Het museum ligt aan het Koningsplein. Het bronzen (of koperen) olifantsbeeld dat voor het gebouw staat is een geschenk van de Koning van Siam uit 1871.




De militaire societeit aan de oostzijde van het Waterlooplein op de hoek met de Sipajersweg.


Paleis Weltevreden aan het Koningsplein, 1880.

Als de Gouverneur-Generaal zich niet, zoals gewoonlijk, te Buitenzorg bevond maar in Batavia moest zijn, was het paleis op de foto zijn residentie. Het neoclassicistische gebouw was in 1879 gereed. Het suggereert een veel hogere ouderdom, wellicht omdat de GGs tot dan toe in een laat 18e-eeuws landhuis geresideerd hadden (in de wijk Rijswijk) of omdat men de lange traditie van het bestaan van een landvoogd wilde benadrukken. Het gebouw is sinds 1949 het presidentieel paleis. Ook het Koningsplein, nu Medan Merdeka, is nog steeds goed herkenbaar. (P. Boomgaard, 2001). Het paleis van de gouverneur-generaal aan het Koningsplein in Batavia.


AudiŽntiezaal in het paleis.


Het paleis (achterkant), 1875.


Zaal in het paleis van de Gouverneur Generaal.


Volksraad, 1925.

Dit neoklassieke gebouw van rond 1830 was aanvankelijk de residentie van de legercommandant. Daarna was de Raad van IndiŽ, het adviescollege van de Gouverneur-Generaal, er gevestigd. In 1918 werd het de zetel van de Volksraad. Nu heet het Gedung Pancasila, omdat Soekarno, de eerste President van IndonesiŽ, er in 1945 zijn bekende rede hield over de pancasila, de 'vijf zuilen' van de republiek. Het Hertogspark dankt zijn naam aan Hertog Bernhard van Saksen-Weimar-Eisenach, die als legercommandant rond 1850 de bewoner van dit 'paleis' was.


Last edited by Nemo; March 30th, 2011 at 11:08 AM.
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Old December 30th, 2010, 04:42 PM   #368
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Prachtige plaatjes van deze koloniale architectuur. In de koloniŽn werd er (zo lijkt het tenminste) indertijd met veel grandeur gebouwd, maar dan we in Nederland zelf gedaan hebben. .
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Old December 31st, 2010, 12:10 AM   #369
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Hoeveel van bovenstaande gebouwen staan er nog?
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Old December 31st, 2010, 11:45 AM   #370
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Bijna alles staat er nog. In ieder geval niet de artesische putten, militaire sociŽteit Concordia, het Atjeh monument en het kanoor van de NHM aan het Molenvliet. De postspaarbank in Weltevreden heeft later een art-deco uiterlijk gekregen. Wat betreft de ijzerwarenfabriek van Carl Schlieper weet ik niet of die nog bestaat.

Zie ook de eerste pagina van deze thread voor de hedendaagse staat van de gebouwen.

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Old January 9th, 2011, 03:28 PM   #371
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ivcfjeannie's photostream on Flickr


De Nederlandse Goudkust / Ghana

(1637-1872) - 235 jaar een Nederlandse kolonie


image hosted on flickr

LFM's photostream on Flickr - capital of the Dutch colony - Fort SaoJorge d'Elmina

De Nederlandse Goudkust (officieel: Nederlandsche Bezittingen ter Kuste van Guinea) was een kolonie van Nederland tussen 1637 en 1871.

In 1637 veroverde Johan Maurits van Nassau-Dietz het fort (S„o Jorge d' Elmina op de Portugezen. Dit ging echter niet zonder slag of stoot, er waren al drie pogingen aan vooraf gegaan tot de Portugezen het uiteindelijk opgaven. De komende eeuwen zou dit fort ťťn van de centra van de slavenhandel van de West-Indische Compagnie vormen. Naast Elmina bezaten de Nederlanders nog een aantal andere factorijen aan de Goudkust. Dit gebied moet niet verward worden met de Slavenkust waar de WIC ook enkele forten en factorijen had.

Het klimaat aan de kust was zo slecht dat de meeste Europeanen er stierven aan malaria, gele koorts of andere inheemse ziekten. Daarom waren enkele bijnamen van de kolonie: muskieten- malaria- of moordkust.

De WIC veroverde en bouwde een groot aantal forten langs de Goudkust. Zij gebruikte die om met de bevolking te handelen in inheemse producten, maar vooral ook om slaven uit het binnenland te halen die ze naar de slavenmarkt op CuraÁao vervoerden. Daar werden ze gekocht door handelaren, die ze onder andere in Suriname weer aan plantagebeheerders verkochten.

Toen de WIC ontbonden werd, werden alle bezittingen overgenomen door de Staat. Tijdens de Franse bezetting van Nederland, werd de kolonie draaiende gehouden door een handjevol Nederlanders die nog aanwezig waren. Samen met Deshima was dit dus het enige echte vrije stukje van Nederland, aangezien alle andere koloniŽn werden beheerd door Engeland.

In de negentiende eeuw werden via Elmina Afrikaanse soldaten geronseld voor het KNIL; de zogenaamde "Belanda Hitam". De meeste van deze soldaten bleven voorgoed in IndonesiŽ, hun nazaten kwamen na de onafhankelijkheid van IndonesiŽ in 1949 vaak naar Nederland. In het kader van een overeenkomst over het werven van deze soldaten stuurde Asantahene kwaku Dua in 1837 twee prinsjes, zijn zoon Aquasi Boachi en zijn neef Quamin Poko, ter opvoeding naar Koning Willem I. Zij ondervonden in Nederland veel tegenslagen, maar raakten onder andere bevriend met Prinses Sophie van Oranje-Nassau. Hun levensloop is door Arthur Japin beschreven in zijn roman De zwarte met het witte hart uit 1997.

Toen in het begin van de negentiende eeuw de slavenhandel werd afgeschaft ging het economisch minder met de kolonie. Volgens plan van de toenmalige gouverneur Herman Willem Daendels zouden er zelfvoorzienende plantages achter de forten moeten komen, om zo de Nederlandse invloed te vergroten. Om kolonisten te lokken ging hij er zelf met zijn zoons ook wonen en gaf subsidies. Hij stierf echter, zoals zoveel anderen, na enige jaren aan de gele koorts. De Goudkust kostte de staat jaarlijks 7.000 gulden tegen een winst van 4.600 gulden. Britse handelaren kregen steeds meer invloed, en namen geleidelijk ook het achterland over. De reden dŠt Nederland de kolonie niet verkocht was vooral gelegen in het niet willen opgeven van nationaal grondgebied.


De ruil

In het Sumatraverdrag van 6 april 1871 werden de Nederlandse factorijen aan de Goudkust voor 47.000 gulden verkocht aan de Britten. In ruil hiervoor kreeg Nederland de verzekering dat de Britten niet zouden ingrijpen in de pogingen om Atjeh in het noorden van Sumatra te veroveren. Daarnaast zou Nederland haar dubbeltraffiŽn voor in- en uitvoer en de differentiŽle rechten, die zij op Nederlands-IndiŽ hield, afschaffen en daartegenover zou Engeland haar aanspraak op Sumatra laten vallen. Een andere aanleiding was dat Nederland opnieuw in een kleine oorlog was verzeild met de koning van AshantiŽ. De Britten, die ook een conflict hadden met AshantiŽ, konden dan Goudkust hiervoor in strategisch belang gebruiken.

Aan de verkoop van de Goudkust zijn heftige discussies vooraf gegaan in beide kamers van de Staten-Generaal. De verdeling van meningen was simpel: de economen wilden de kolonie kwijt en de nationalisten wilden hem behouden. De minister van koloniŽn Van Bosse zei: Ik vind het een treurigen toestand om be*zittingen te hebben, waar eigenlijk niemand gaarne heengaat zoolang hij nog droog brood te eten heeft! Uiteindelijk kregen de economen toch gelijk, mede dankzij het feit dat er geen kolonisten meer te vinden waren.

Zo kwam, na het verlies van de Kaapkolonie in het begin van de negentiende eeuw, een definitief einde aan het Nederlandse koloniale rijk in Afrika. Koning Willem III liet weten dat hij: het verlies betreurt van Onzen laatste Afrikaansche Erfgoederen.


(Wikipedia)

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Picture by Christine_A_ on Flickr - Elmina castle entrance




Fort Coenraadsburg


ghana-pedia - Fort Nassau

The ruins of Fort Nassau perched above the township of Moree/Mori, along the coastline of the Central Region in Ghana.


ghana-pedia - Fort de Goede Hoop

Having constructed a trading lodge at Senya Beraku in 1667, the Dutch were invited by the chief of the Agona State to build a permanent fort. Predicting the boom in trade of gold, ivory, and slaves, the Dutch agreed, and in 1702, construction began on Fort de Goede Hoop, which was strategically constructed on a high bluff which overlooked the cove used as a landing beach for the town, and offered an excellent gunnery position for the fort's cannons.


ghana-pedia


ghana-pedia - Fort Lijdzaamheid

Construction of the fort began in 1697 to secure the state of Acorn, which was held by the Dutch, but was precariously situated between Fante & Agona, which were under control of the British.


ghanaexpeditions - Fort Amsterdam, Cormatin

image hosted on flickr

Picture by sarahsarl on Flickr - Fort Oranje/Sekondi

The Fort was built by the Dutch in 1690 on the foundations of a trading post opened in 1642.


****

For more info: see this website

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Old January 11th, 2011, 11:36 AM   #372
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Bandung

Quote:
Originally Posted by aa coy View Post
Gedung Merdeka (at night)
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Gedung Merdeka (at noon)
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Savoy Homann Hotel
Classic Art-Deco architecture, as exhibited by the Savoy Homann Hotel in
Bandung. This grand dame, together Preanger Hotel nearby are among the
oldest hotels in Bandung. It is one of my personal favourites. The hotel
hosted many illustrious delegates of the first Asia-Africa Conference in
1955. The venue of the conference, Gedung Merdeka--another beautiful Dutch
colonial building--is located just opposite the hotel.

image hosted on flickr


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Old January 13th, 2011, 05:20 AM   #373
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Semarang





from http://budipurwanto.webs.com/duamatalittleholand.htm
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Old January 15th, 2011, 04:27 PM   #374
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@Castle92 -


Jehangir Sorabjee Photography - Dutch East India Company Tombs - Surat


Surat

Gujarat, India

1617-1795 (178 years)

The structure of the Old English and Old Dutch cemeteries in Surat is dominated by the largest monuments of Europeans we have found all over India. These graves are also some of the oldest tombs which have survived from the earliest times of British and Dutch activities at Surat. The English traders settled in Surat in 1608 followed by the Dutch in 1617. French and also Swedes - even for just a short period - commenced trading-enterprises here. However, it seems that there are no re-mainders of their burial culture left today. Along with the Dutch also Armenian traders left a quite big cemetery in Surat. Both nations share the same burial ground only separated by a wall. There is no typical structure of this burial ground. In contrast to the English cemetery at Surat and most of the other European burial sites in India, this burial ground is dominated by huge pavilions and monuments.

Tomb - Architecture and Form:
Again, destructions caused by climate and also by alterations of the mausoleums are responsible for the loss of most of the inscriptions. Only six inscriptions remain. Three of them are situated in the tomb of "Baron Adriaan van Reede". This monument is the largest of all monuments we have found in India. (below left) This baroque monument only shows few connections to the Arabian art. The building consists of a double copula with an upper and lower gallery. The galleries and copula are supported by decorated columns. However, there is no clear style to identify. The plinth of the columns resemble Doric style, even if the torus in the middle of the columns is not typical for this style. We likewise find adoptions of a classical tholos with columns, stairs and the cella in the interior. The decoration with wood carvings, frescoes and escutcheons which were originally inside and outside the monument, support the impression that this pavilion was built in remembrance of an important, higher ranking person, don't exist anymore. Bellasis mentions that later about 6000 Rupees were spent by the Dutch VOC for repairing works. The whole arrangement emphasizes the social status of the Baron in this particular case.


Link British Library website

Photograph of the tomb of the Dutch Governor Baron Adriaan van Reede at Surat in Gujarat from the 'Album of architectural and topographical views, mostly in South Asia' taken by an unknown photographer in 1895. Surat was an important Mughal trading port. The English, Dutch, Portuguese and French were permitted to trade here in the seventeenth century. Adriaan van Reede tot Drakenstein (1636-1691) wrote a work on plant species called the "Hortus Malabaricus" which was published in 12 volumes in Amsterdam from 1686-1703. Van Reede, who was the son of a Dutch forester, enlisted the help of the local community of tree-tappers and ayurvedic medical practioners who had specific knowledge of plant species. This view of his tomb in the Dutch Cemetery shows an double cupola with open arcades. On ground level, the arcade is supported by columns.


www.discoversurat.com - The tomb of Governor Baron Adriaan van Reede at Surat in Gujarat

See this link for more info.

See this link for more info.

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Old January 27th, 2011, 12:12 AM   #375
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anping.tncg.gov.tw

Fort Zeelandia

Formosa/Taiwan

1624-1662


Fort Zeelandia (Chinese: 熱蘭遮城) was a fortress built over ten years from 1624Ė1634 by the Dutch Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie, in the town of Anping (Tainan) on the island of Formosa, present day Taiwan, during their 38-year rule over the western part of it. Although the site has been previously named Orange City (奧倫治城), Anping City (安平城), and Tayoan City (台灣城), the current name of the site in Chinese is Fort Anping (安平古堡). The Dutch chose a sandy peninsula off the coast of Tainan as the site of the fortress since this would allow the fortress direct access to the sea and with it, supplies and reinforcements from Batavia in event of a siege. Unfortunately, the site chosen lacked adequate supplies of fresh water, which had to be shipped in from the mainland.

The bricks used for the construction of the fortress were brought over from Java, and the mortar used consisted of a mixture of sugar, sand, ground seashells and glutinous rice. The fort was designed to be surrounded by three concentric layers of walls and the four corners of the fort were built into protruding bastions for better defence. On 30 April 1661, General Zheng Cheng-gong ("Koxinga") of Ming China (1368-1644) laid siege to the fortress (defended by 2,000 Dutch soldiers) with 400 warships and 25,000 men. After a nine-month siege with the loss of 1,600 Dutch lives, the Dutch surrendered the Fortress on 1 February 1662, when it became clear that no reinforcements were forthcoming from Batavia ( present day Jakarta, Java, Indonesia ) and when the defenders ran short of fresh water.

Under the Koxinga-Dutch Treaty (1662) signed on 1 February 1662 between Koxinga and Frederick Coyett, the Dutch governor, the Dutch surrendered the Fortress and left all the goods and property of the VOC behind at Fort Zeelandia. In return, all officials, soldiers and civilians were free to leave with their personal belongings and supplies. On 9 February 1662, Frederick Coyett handed over the keys to the fort and led the remaining Dutch forces and civilians back to Batavia by sea, ending 38 years of Dutch colonial rule on Taiwan.
[edit]External links



image hosted on flickr

link

image hosted on flickr

link


National Anping Harbor Historical Park is one of Taiwan's Focus Development Projects. Apart from exploring the tourism potential of the harbor, the importance of the project remains in the review of the historical meaning of Fort Zeelandia (AnPing Fort). Fort Zeelandia is the most significant historical monument of Taiwan in the Great Age of Explorations during the 17th Century.

However, after 300 years, only 3 walls remain of the once magnificent Fort Zeelandia. The southern wall of Fort Zeelandia is the biggest of the remains with a length of 65.8 metres. 2 other shorter sections hide deep in peopleís houses. Although from the end of Ching Dynasty to Japanese occupation Fort Zeelandia's appearance has changed greatly, many people still believe that the original building foundation is still buried underneath the ground.

Therefore, ways on how to unearth the building structures is a task many archaeologists are confronting. Around the world many nations are beginning to study their own archaeological remains. These studies not only enhance the tourism industry, but also provide a sense of national and historical pride for the nation. Moreover it also contributes to accumulations of knowledge for generations to come. The Tainan City Government's aim is to present more clearly Fort Zeelandia to the world as one of Taiwan's few world-class historic sites and add values to the National An Ping Harbor Historical Park. In doing so the Government is enlisting the help of Cheng Kung National University Engineering Research Centre by using non-intrusive radar which explores the remains of Fort Zeelandia without damaging the site. This exploration has heralded some success as the analysis shows that 70% of the original structure of the Fort Zeelandia historic site is still intact.

Underneath the walls of Fort Zeelandia, at about 3.5 to 4 meters of depth, in an area of 20 meters long, for every 6 meters there is a hole of 1 meter in diameter. Are these holes the entrances to the legendary Dutch tunnels? These finds further add to the mystery and archaeological values of Fort Zeelandia, and they have motivated the Tainan City Government to excavate the remains of the Castle wall, in hope to find out the way of the dwellersí life of Fort Zeelandia during the Dutch Era. In a very near future the City Government will be able to present a more complete face of the Fort Zeelandia to the world.



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Old January 27th, 2011, 11:14 AM   #376
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Is there old photos of Surabaya / Soerabaja, Indonesia ?
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Old January 27th, 2011, 02:32 PM   #377
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On this page are some old pics - but I will make a nice overview of old Surabaya pics later
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Old February 7th, 2011, 02:38 PM   #378
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Thank you Nemo

Look forward for more pics

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Old February 7th, 2011, 02:41 PM   #379
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Old February 11th, 2011, 11:55 PM   #380
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Wiki Commons - Het gebouw van de Raad van Justitie in Soerabaja gebouwd in 1890 en verwoest in1945.


Soerabaja/Surabaya

Java, IndonesiŽ

Overzicht van gebouwen - fotocollectie Koninklijk Instituut voor de Tropen


Surabaya is Indonesia's second-largest city with a population of over 2.7 million (5.6 million in the metropolitan area), and the capital of the province of East Java. The expanding East Indies Companies took the city over from a weakened Sultanate of Mataram in November 1743. Surabaya became a major trading center under the Dutch colonial government, and hosted the largest naval base in the colony.




Kruispunt voor het kantoor van de Internationale Crediet- en Handelsvereeniging Rotterdam.


Gouverneurskantoor.


De Pasar Besar met op de achtergrond het spoorwegviaduct, de zogenoemde Hogeweg.


Soerabaja het nieuwe gouverneurskantoor gebouwd in 1930.


Het raadhuis van Soerabaja gebouwd tussen 1920 en 1925.


Het raadhuis van Soerabaja.


Het hoofdkantoor van de ANIEM op Embong Woengoe.


Kantoor van de Koloniale Bank.


De noordzijde van paviljoen I van het 'Centraal Burgerziekenhuis'.


Nederlands-Indische Artsenschool, ontworpen door ir Wiemans


Drie-jarige H.B.S.


Het kantoor van de Javasche Bank.


Kantoorgebouwen op de Willemskade langs de Kali Mas


Winkelstraat Gemblongan


De Handelstraat.




Telegraafkantoor in de SociŽteitsstraat.


Postkantoor


Bankgebouw Nuts Spaarbank.


Originally posted by @DOCHAN


Weeshuis voor jongens.


Station.


Postkantoor


Postkantoor


Officierspaviljoen van het ziekenhuis te Surabaya.


Komediegebouw.


Moskee


Kantoor van de Nederlandse Handelsmaatschappij.


Straatgezicht met kerk


Het voormalige kantoor van de gouverneur.


Het nieuwe gebouw van de marinesociŽteit Modderlust in Soerabaja in aanbouw.


Erepoort naast het havenkantoor (Wilhelminatoren) ter gelegenheid van het bezoek van Gouverneur Generaal Fock.


De ingangspoort van 'De Volharding Koninklijke Fabriek van Stoom- en andere Werktuigen anno 1857 door F.J.H.Baijer'.


Militaire kantine


Het oude gebouw van de marinesociŽteit Modderlust.


SociŽteit Concordia


Een man stapt in een auto die staat te wachten voor de fotostudio van de N.V. Photografisch Atelier Kurkdjian.


Het woonhuis van de heer Boesch.

Zie deze link voor meer gebouwen en info.

Last edited by Nemo; March 30th, 2011 at 11:11 AM.
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