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Old October 25th, 2019, 05:31 PM   #21
FifteenLove
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Beautiful pictures, I'd love to visit that region one day. In Argentina (and I suppose in other parts as well) the "Roble de Eslavonia" (Slavonian oak) is considered the highest quality wood for floors. I've always wondered if it really comes from Slavonian woods or if it's just a variety of the oak tree produced elsewhere.
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Old October 25th, 2019, 07:32 PM   #22
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Lovely and inviting nature pics!
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Old October 25th, 2019, 07:58 PM   #23
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Quote:
Originally Posted by FifteenLove View Post
Beautiful pictures, I'd love to visit that region one day. In Argentina (and I suppose in other parts as well) the "Roble de Eslavonia" (Slavonian oak) is considered the highest quality wood for floors. I've always wondered if it really comes from Slavonian woods or if it's just a variety of the oak tree produced elsewhere.
Yes, Slavonian oak really is a brand since 19th century. No wonder since Slavonian forests were for quite a long time untouched by human activity due to being too dense or located in swampy areas, so the trees grew quite large. One of the largest oak forests in Europe is located in eastern Slavonia and is called Spačva. On Croatian territory its size is roughly 510 km˛, which makes it bigger than largest Croatian island Krk (405,8 km˛)

One of the largest oak trees in Europe is located in Prašnik forest near Nova Gradiška. Assumed to be growing since 1675 and is now 40 meters tall and with trunk volume of almost 8 meters at the height of 1,3 meters.
Although the oldest oak tree in Slavonia is located on Papuk and is probably more than 500 years old.

Other notable trees that I can think of right now are Ginko in Daruvar (oldest of its kind in Croatia), and the oldest Sequoia tree in Croatia which is located in Slatina.
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Old October 25th, 2019, 09:08 PM   #24
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Maxim's cave is one of many caves in Papuk. It's named after a brigand Maksim Bojanić that used it as a hideout.

The Papuk underground - numerous caves, pits and abysses - are habitats of interesting invertebrate species, but are particularly important as wintering grounds and bats breeding sites.

In the Uviraljka abyss, 11 species of bats have been recorded during the winter, which has earned them the status of a significant wintering ground for bats on a European scale. In whole Croatia there are 34 species of bats and in whole Europe 45 species, so Papuk is home to a quarter of whole bats species in Europe. The recorded species is the endangered big-eared bat (Myotis bechsteinii), and Uviraljka is also the only known wintering ground for the wetland bat (Myotis dasycneme) in Croatia.

The Uvrtaljka abyss consists of more than 200 meters of narrow channel maze and is more than 30 meters deep. The Kovačica Cave is a unique sinkhole more than 100 meters long. The Suhodolka Cave is the deepest cave in continental Croatia, and is more than 90 meters deep. More than 80 species of animals have been recorded in the Papuk underground. The troglobiontic species of shrimp, of the genus Niphargus, live here. It is a true underground species of animals because there is no pigment on the body or developed eyes.

So tourists would not disturb animals only a few caves can be entered without any permits, one of those is Maxim's cave that is around 20 meters deep.





Some random photos of Jankovac forest









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Old October 29th, 2019, 10:43 AM   #25
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Not far from the jankovac mountain lodge is a small cemetery of former glass manufacturers.



And through the vivid forest we are getting closer to one of the jewels of Papuk







That jewel is highest waterfall in Slavonia called Skakavac (Grasshopper). It is 30 meters tall and was used to power up the whole Jankovac valley:



Beneath the waterfall there is a bridge and stairs that lead back to mountain lodge













That's it for now from Papuk, next up i Osijek again and then Vukovar
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Old October 29th, 2019, 07:13 PM   #26
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Lovely forest scenes!
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Old October 29th, 2019, 11:31 PM   #27
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Great, very nice updates once again from Slavonia, Croatia
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Old October 30th, 2019, 08:56 PM   #28
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I still love your phantastic forest pics!
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Old October 30th, 2019, 09:29 PM   #29
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We are back in Osijek and it's time for literally one of the biggest landmarks in the city, the co-cathedral of St. Peter and Paul.

View from the left bank of Drava river. The skyscraper in the photo is hotel Osijek, highest hotel outside capital Zagreb. It is 61 meters tall.



The co-cathedral of St. Peter and Paul is the second tallest and third largest church in Croatia. It is located on the square of Pope John Paul II, right next to main square of Ante Starčević. It was the wish of bishop Josip Juraj Strossmayer (born in Osijek) that Osijek should also get a big church that would serve as a co-cathedral to the cathedral of St. Peter in Đakovo. It was also his intent that Osijek should be the center of what is now Đakovo archdiocese, but the city administration at the time found it unnecessary which enraged Strossmayer so he said that instead he will make a city out of village and thus Đakovo became the center of one of the wealthiest archdiocese in this part of Europe. The construction began in 1894 and finished in 1898. Before the new neogothic church was built, the old baroque church and graveyard were demolished. Fun fact that Strossmayer himself had his first mass as a priest in that old church. More than 3 million bricks were used for construction. The spire is 90 meters tall as was intended by bishop Josip Juraj Strossmayer since Osijek elevation is 90 meters as well. The interior was painted 40 years after the construction so the paintings don't quite match the neogothic style but are interesting nevertheless. Co-cathedral also has the biggest organ in Croatia. If you talk to anyone from Osijek don't be surprised that they call this church cathedral anyway, even thought everyone knows it's not really a cathedral, but the size of the church gives you that feeling.

Old church:



The construction:







Today:







I can't seem to find any photos of the interior that look good enough so that will have to wait for another time
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Old November 1st, 2019, 09:05 PM   #30
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European avenue is often considered one of the most beautiful streets, not only in Osijek but in whole Croatia.

Osijek is particularly famous for its Secessionist architecture, a style very popular throughout the former Austro-Hungarian Empire. The magnificent row of palaces on European Avenue—today mostly used as office spaces and local government buildings—were built at the beginning of the 20th century in the style of the so-called "Viennese secession." However, the largest of these buildings, the Main post office, was built in the style of "the Hungarian secession." In the same street there are a number of classicist buildings from the 19th century including the Municipal Court of Osijek. Of all the houses on this street, the most visited would probably be the Museum of Fine Arts, where there is a wealth of paintings and sculptures depicting the region. Some of the most interesting paintings are portraits of Slavonian noble families from the 18th and 19th centuries and the romantic landscapes of Slavonia and Baranja, as well as works of the founder of Osijek's drawing school Hugo Conrad Von Hötzendorff and Adolf Waldinger.

By the end of 19th century this street was extension of Kapucinska Street, with only few buildings on southern side of street. In 1894, the Palace of Croatian Chamber of Economy was built in the historicist style. In 1897, the Neumann building, today the home of Gallery of Fine Arts was built in the Italian renaissance style. From 1904 to 1906, on northern side of street were built a string of secession buildings. At this time the street was called Chavrakova Street (Croatian: Chavrakova ulica). During the 20th century it was renamed several times but its current name is in use since 1993. In 2017, a number of the facade of many of the buildings were renovated, including the Municipal Court, partially by EU funds. Others are currently at hold.

Old photos





Some of more notable buildings today look like this:

Croatian Chamber of Commerce



Museum of Fine Arts (The red hole on the corner of the building is from Croatian war from independence that lasted from 1991-1995 in which Osijek due to being on the front line was heavily shelled by Yugoslav national army and Serbian paramilitary. Many of the scars can still be seen today, this one is left as a reminder that the goal was not to destroy military targets, but to destroy anything including cultural monuments, hospitals, schools etc)



Main Post office built in 1912 The largest art nouveau building in Osijek and one of the largest in Croatia. One of two examples of Hungarian art nouveau in Osijek. This building has seen better days and many hope that renovation will come soon.



House Gillming-Hengl built in 1906 Vjekoslav Hengl was one of the wealthiest citizens of Osijek (he owned several elite buildings in the city such as Uppertown casino (Today Croatan National Theatre in Osijek), hotels etc.) He and his wife Matilda Gillming lived in this house which they got as a wedding present until 1945 when communists evicted them. Today this is the central library.



House Povischil built in 1904 for owner of the furniture factory Jozef Povischil. His factory was one of the most successful in Osijek and apart from Osijek he had several other factories in Slavonia and even one in Egypt. His art nouveau designed chairs made from Slavonian oak are quite valuable.



House Nayer built in 1904 was the first art nouveau building in European avenue.



House Sauter built in 1905 for doctor Ivan Sauter



House Kastenbaum-Korsky built in 1904 was the first building in Osijek built in Hugarian art nouveau style



House Spitzer built in 1905 for lawyer Hugo Spitzer



House Schmidt built in 1905 for nobleman Franjo Dragutin Schmidt



House Sekulić-Plavšić built in 1906 for Nikola Atanasijev Plavšić, secretary of the Chamber of Commerce



And for the end the Palace of the Royal Court built in 1897



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Old November 2nd, 2019, 01:16 PM   #31
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Great, very nice updates and well done
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Old November 3rd, 2019, 04:58 AM   #32
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Wonderful buildings!
Thank you for the information; it is really interesting!
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Old November 7th, 2019, 09:59 AM   #33
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Next up we go to Vukovar, largest Croatian city and river port on Danube.

It is located at the confluence of the Vuka and the Danube. Vukovar is the seat of Vukovar-Syrmia County. The city's registered population was 27,683 in the 2011 census.

The name Vukovar means 'town on the Vuka River' (Vuko from the Vuka River, and vár from the Hungarian word for 'fortress'). Vukovar was mentioned first in the 13th century as Volko, Walk, Wolkov (original Croatian/Slavic name of the town was Vukovo). In 1231, Vukovo obtained its first privileges and later the right to levy taxes on passages along the Danube and the Vuka. During administration of the medieval Kingdom of Hungary, the town was a seat of Valkó (Croatian: Vuka) county, which was located between the Drava and Sava rivers, while during Ottoman administration it was part of the Sanjak of Syrmia. At the end of the 17th century, the town's population numbered about 3,000 inhabitants.

During the medieval times it had a fortress on the hill where the franciscan church is now located but the last traces of it were demolished during 1970. Most of the buildings that still exist were built after the 18th century. However many of the buildings were badly damaged and later on demolished during the Croatian war for independence in 1991 in which Vukovar suffered greatly. Most of the buildings today are renovated but traces of war can still be seen.

One of the biggest baroque castles in Croatia is located in Vukovar, the castle of Count Eltz.
The complex of castle Eltz consists of the court that served as the residence of the Count's family, guest pavilion, four baroque manor houses that housed the administration of the feudal estate, other buildings used for economic purposes northwest of the court, water tower, the chapel of St. Roch, the gardeners house and a greenhouse in the garden. The oldest building today is the chapel of St. Roch built in 1740.

Today it home to the Museum of Vukovar which won the European Museum of the Year Award in 2016.

Before the war:



After the war:







Today:





Guest pavilion





The greenhouse is used as a gallery



The estate administration buildings after the war:



Today:



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Old November 7th, 2019, 10:58 PM   #34
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Great pictures! I especially like European avenue Love this kind of architecture!
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Old November 7th, 2019, 11:01 PM   #35
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Great, very nice photo update; thanks again, Rocky
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