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Old November 17th, 2019, 12:34 AM   #1781
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Covering UFO evidence, smart
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Old November 23rd, 2019, 07:24 PM   #1782
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Gdańsk, Poland:
Quote:
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Old November 27th, 2019, 01:16 PM   #1783
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Moscow's Seven Sisters:

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Old November 28th, 2019, 01:05 PM   #1784
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Moscow World Trade Center

1980.





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Old December 14th, 2019, 03:05 PM   #1785
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It's amazing. Wooden (!) Soviet palace of culture in the village of Brantovka, Kostroma Oblast, Russia. Built somewhere in the 1930s.











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Old December 18th, 2019, 06:32 PM   #1786
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Something in Belgrade





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Old December 27th, 2019, 02:05 PM   #1787
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One of the so-called 'open book' highrises got revamped in Novy Arbat, Moscow. Built in 1960s.



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P.S. Soviet-era picture:

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Old January 4th, 2020, 05:19 PM   #1788
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Rybnik Silesia Poland

Rybnik Housing Cooperative - Wyzwolenia Street

The Rybnik housing cooperative located on Wyzwolenia Street is a very interesting object which deserves a wider description due to its originality and uniqueness. The building was built at the turn of the 1960s and 1970s. The project was realized at a time when the world's architectural trends were determined by modernism. And in Poland, finally, on the architectural battlefield, modernists won the battle with the socialist realists and for many reasons, among others, economic and practical, modernist construction started to develop rapidly in Poland.

Purpose of the building


Rybnik Housing Cooperative was built as a public facility for white-collar workers. Originally, the Rybnik Housing Cooperative consisted of two facilities of the above mentioned part intended for office workers and a boiler house, which no longer exists today, so we can say that the facility was a fully functional power and office complex.




Description of the architecture of the Rybnik housing cooperative :

The construction of the Rybnik cooperative is consistent with the post-war modernism. The building was designed and built in the 1960s. Reinforced concrete, a material very popular in the Polish People's Republic and used on a large scale, was used to build the Rybnik cooperative. Due to its austere appearance and lack of aesthetics, the building can be considered to refer to the new trend of modernism, which is brutalism. It is also supported by several additional features such as: exposed ceiling joists, optical illusions, emphasized structural and functional elements.





Office segment description of the whole building


The office building was built on a rectangular plan and gives the impression of a lightweight concrete block cast in a three-dimensional form. The building consists of a high ground floor and two floors topped with a flat roof.
Each side of the building's facade has its own, unique and functional face, with different purpose designed by the designer.

The front elevation of Rybnik's housing cooperative, the one which in its parallel location to Wyzwolenia Street is the most characteristic and worth a lot of attention starts from the high ground floor. It does not differ in any way from the traditional modern construction, it has conventional windows, with larger sizes, so that as much light as possible falls into the ground floor. The entrance to the building is through a glass door, which for practical reasons is located in the middle of the building. From here, the distance is the same for every place in the cooperative, than, for example, if the entrance was located on the side. The entrance to the building is accentuated by a wide five-stage staircase.
The face of the front elevation wall is uniformly integrated and plastered. The first and second floor is covered by a rectangular bay window, which is supported by seven exposed ceiling joists, and from its face, two parallel, divided by a flat horizontal plane, horizontal strips made of concrete pillar blocks, which then consist of 36 recesses arranged horizontally and 3 arranged vertically. The whole composition resembles the structure of a three-dimensional grid and its meaning is not accidental, but very functional. A perpendicular bay window, from which small recesses with windows grow, does not cover the whole main fašade, it distinguishes office spaces, because this was the architect's idea. The free space is left where the front and side elevations meet, and the free space is left at the junction of the southern and eastern elevations in the place where the utility rooms, to which the stairs lead from the side, are located. The entire fašade is crowned with a flat roof and ventilation grilles can also be seen at this height to ensure adequate air circulation inside the building.



Rear fašade


The rear facade of RSM in Rybnik is a twelve-axis facade and faces to the north. From this side, the building in the second and third axis has built-in garages, which are topped with a flat
a canopy and a number of utility rooms. In the period of the People's Republic of Poland, a housing estate boiler room was adjacent to the cooperative perpendicularly.

The side (eastern) elevation at the ground floor level has separate stairs leading to the interior of the building and to the embankment. Steel doors have a concrete canopy. On the west side, the elevation is expressed as an empty space, a ladder leading to the roof of the cooperative has been mounted to the wall of the building.


Brise Soleil


Let's go back to the small recesses sticking out of the cooperative's wall, these are the so-called light breakers (sunshades), are made of concrete pillar blocks and small windows are built inside.
This element in the world of architectural terminology is called Brise Soleil.


Several functional solutions


Sunshades are a very functional and useful solution. They protect rooms inside the building from excessive sunlight, heat and reduce the amount of light coming in. They influence the comfort of people staying and working inside the building. The introduction of breakers also allows for cheaper use of the building or optimal use of daylight. (It so happens that from the main facade side of the building the degree of sunshine is very high, and
This is due to the location of our city in terms of latitude. In summer, when the sun is high, the shields reduce the penetration of sun rays into the building, while in winter it is the other way round, so it can be assumed that sunbrokers can themselves perfectly match the frequency of sun rays entering the building due to the season).

Covers and built-in small windows also have a beneficial effect on reducing noise coming from outside the building. The front of the cooperative is adjacent to one of the busiest streets in the city and hundreds of cars, including those of a large size, drive through Wyzwolenia Street every day.


Three-dimensional effect


The whole structure resembles a three-dimensional grid, and
An observer approaching the cooperative sees empty holes in the truss, only after a while he realizes that the depth is filled with small windows. This effect introduces a three-dimensional and surprising effect in architecture and forces a perceptual activity.


Using Brise soleil against a historical background

The concept of using the Brise soleil (Lightbreaker) element in architecture has its origins in the inter-war period, when early modernism began to develop in the world. The first building to decide on this solution was the Ministry of Education building in Rio de Janerio, designed by Lucio Costa and Oscar Neymeyer in 1936 and completed in 1943. Due to the hot climate in Brazil, the idea of using the Brise soleil element on the facade
Le Corbusier suggested the building to the architects, who in his earlier projects considered this type of solution. When designing new buildings, the architects, using the Brise soleil element, not only raised the functionality of the building, but also gave it a new form of three-dimensionality.

Functionality of Brise soleil


The Brise soilel system helps to reduce the intensity of the sun's rays falling on the building, especially in summer, when the hot weather is very bad for the person inside the building. It not only protects the room from excessive sunlight, but also creates an artificial barrier against excessive heat and thus lowers room temperature. Brise Soleil protects the southern facade of the Rybnik RSM building, which due to the latitude of our town is exposed to high radiation all day long.


The photo shows the effects of Brise Soleil at different times of year:


Brise soleil lightbreaker


In summer, when the midday sun is high in the sky
(In Rybnik, the height of the sun on the first day of summer is 63.5 degrees) The sun's rays fall very intensively on the building of the housing cooperative, thanks to concrete breakers, their penetration into the building decreases and the degree of their reflection increases.

In winter, when the sun is lower in the sky and has a shorter way to go. The system of concrete breakers makes sure that the right amount of sunlight flows into the office space without any obstacles, as the position of the sun in the sky is lower in winter. (In Rybnik, the height of the sun on the first day of winter is 16.5 degrees)

The concrete lightbreaker system is a permanent and self-regulating control of the solar light flow. It allows to provide adequate lighting inside the office premises during all seasons. It is a very economical, energy-saving, functional solution and has the effect of
for greater comfort for those inside the building.
Method of implementation :

Architectural element-Brise soleil, RSM in Rybnik was made of 216 concrete blocks.

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Old January 9th, 2020, 03:12 PM   #1789
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Commieblock in Bobruisk, Belarus, 1980.



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P.S. A rip-off of Nakagin Capsule Tower in Tokyo?))

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Old January 9th, 2020, 03:17 PM   #1790
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Americans have Mt. Rushmore, we have these.

Former "Politcial bookstore" in Barnaul, Russia.





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Old January 12th, 2020, 08:52 AM   #1791
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Several Soviet-era Tashkent metro stations.

Mustakillik Maidoni (Independence Square) station, 1977.





Cosmonauts station, 1984.





Alisher Navoiy station, 1984.







Pakhtakor (Cotton collector) station, 1977.



Khamid Olimjon station, 1980.



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Old January 12th, 2020, 10:59 AM   #1792
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