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Old April 20th, 2009, 10:34 PM   #1
Ras Siyan
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Energy News, Developments & Discussion

Quote:
January 25, 2008
Geothermal Investments Hold Promise for Djibouti

Reykjavik, Iceland

Two agreements between Iceland and the Republic of Djibouti could help the East African country replace its current diesel-generated electricity with green electricity.

"The cooperation between Djibouti and Iceland will help transform the oil-based energy system of Djibouti to clean, geothermal-based energy. This cooperation could become a landmark in the clean energy future of East Africa."

Olafur Ragnar Grimsson, President of Iceland

First, Iceland's Minister of Industry Ossur Skarphedinsson and Mohamed Ali Mohamed signed an agreement on energy cooperation where the countries will share expertise to support Djibouti's course towards energy sustainability. Second, Reykjavik Energy Invest (REI) and Djibouti Energy Company announced the signing of an agreement on the financing structure for the Djibouti Asal Rift Geothermal Project.

As part of the Asal Project, REI intends to build a geothermal power plant, which is estimated to start production in 2012. REI's projects in Djibouti are part of the company's $150 million commitment to investments in geothermal energy in Africa announced by Bill Clinton and President Grimson at the Clinton Global Initiative in New York in 2007.

"The cooperation between Djibouti and Iceland will help transform the oil-based energy system of Djibouti to clean, geothermal-based energy. This cooperation could become a landmark in the clean energy future of East Africa," said Olafur Ragnar Grimsson, President of Iceland.
....................

Last edited by Ras Siyan; November 12th, 2011 at 12:52 PM.
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Old April 20th, 2009, 10:35 PM   #2
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Solar and Wind Power generation at Goubet

Quote:
Une centrale éolienne et solaire au Ghoubet

L'accord conclu lundi entre EDD et une société américaine, MIOR, prévoit la construction au Ghoubet d'une centrale éolienne et solaire d'une capacité de 40 Mégawatts. La première phase de la construction de ce complexe nécessitera un investissement de 200 millions de dollars.

Le directeur général d'Electricité de Djibouti (EDD), M. Djama Ali Guelleh, et le PDG de la compagnie Maple Indian Ocean Ressources (MIOR), M. Jack Hawks, ont conclu lundi un protocole d'accord relatif à la construction, à Ghoubet, d'une centrale éolienne et solaire d'une capacité de production initiale de 40 MW.

Ce nouveau complexe énergétique, dont la première phase nécessitera un investissement d'environ 200 millions de dollars, est également destiné à assurer le fonctionnement d'une unité de traitement de 40 000 mètres cubes d'eau de mer dont la construction est prévue dans cette même zone.

Selon le ministre de l'Energie et des Ressources naturelles, ce projet d'envergure concrétise l'engagement du chef de l'Etat visant à assurer une offre en énergie adéquate aux besoins de la population et soutenir surtout les actions de développement initiées par son gouvernement.

Estimant que la concrétisation de cette nouvelle centrale éolienne et solaire constitue "un jalon important dans le développement de Djibouti", M. Moussa Bouh Odowa a salué la coopération "exemplaire" entre Djibouti et les Etats-Unis d'Amérique.

Le ministre a par ailleurs mis en relief l'importance qu'accorde le gouvernement djiboutien à la recherche et au développement des sources d'énergies alternatives, rappelant à cet égard que son pays était confronté à un sérieux déficit de production électrique et à un tarif excessivement élevé du prix du kilowatt d'électricité.

Deux facteurs qui, selon lui, constituent un obstacle majeur au développement durable de notre pays car les grands projets d'infrastructures ne peuvent pas se concevoir sans une énergie "abondante, bon marché et sécurisée".

La maîtrise de l'énergie et la diversification des sources énergétiques figurent donc parmi les axes de la politique énergétique djiboutienne, compte tenu de nos besoins futurs en énergie électrique, qui, comme l'a précisé M. Odowa, tripleront au cours des cinq prochaines années.

Quant à la question cruciale de l'accès à l'eau, le ministre de l'Energie a enfin expliqué que "la croissance de la population et des infrastructures exerce une pression constante sur les ressources en eau autour de la ville de Djibouti et la recherche de solution alternative comme le dessalement de l'eau de mer sera à même de répondre au problème de pénurie en eau potable qui se profile qui se profile à l'horizon".

"Nous sommes ravis d'avoir pu conclure cet accord avec l'Electricité de Djibouti", a déclaré pour sa part M. Jack Hawks, selon lequel le projet d'installation de la centrale éolienne et solaire du Ghoubet devrait engendrer la création d'environ 100 emplois.

Selon le PDG de la MIOR , cette initiative est unique en son genre dans la région est-africaine et pourrait servir de référence pour un grand nombre de pays en développement.

Rappelons que la Maple Indian Ocean Resources (MIOR) est une société djiboutienne affiliée à des compagnies américaines basées aux Etats-Unis et au Pérou. Fondée en 1986, aux Etats-Unis, elle opère dans les secteurs du pétrole et de l'énergie électrique.
.....................

Last edited by Ras Siyan; November 12th, 2011 at 12:51 PM.
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Old April 21st, 2009, 09:10 AM   #3
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When they mean geothermal, they mean hot springs?

Anyway, all these developments make me proud of my brother nation. ^_^
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Old April 21st, 2009, 01:19 PM   #4
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That was more than a year ago...and then Iceland suffered the economic crisis where the government was overthrown.
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Old April 22nd, 2009, 04:44 PM   #5
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Originally Posted by Ras Siyan View Post
Une centrale éolienne et solaire au Ghoubet

L'accord conclu lundi entre EDD et une société américaine, MIOR, prévoit la construction au Ghoubet d'une centrale éolienne et solaire d'une capacité de 40 Mégawatts. La première phase de la construction de ce complexe nécessitera un investissement de 200 millions de dollars.

Le directeur général d'Electricité de Djibouti (EDD), M. Djama Ali Guelleh, et le PDG de la compagnie Maple Indian Ocean Ressources (MIOR), M. Jack Hawks, ont conclu lundi un protocole d'accord relatif à la construction, à Ghoubet, d'une centrale éolienne et solaire d'une capacité de production initiale de 40 MW.

Ce nouveau complexe énergétique, dont la première phase nécessitera un investissement d'environ 200 millions de dollars, est également destiné à assurer le fonctionnement d'une unité de traitement de 40 000 mètres cubes d'eau de mer dont la construction est prévue dans cette même zone.

Selon le ministre de l'Energie et des Ressources naturelles, ce projet d'envergure concrétise l'engagement du chef de l'Etat visant à assurer une offre en énergie adéquate aux besoins de la population et soutenir surtout les actions de développement initiées par son gouvernement.

Estimant que la concrétisation de cette nouvelle centrale éolienne et solaire constitue "un jalon important dans le développement de Djibouti", M. Moussa Bouh Odowa a salué la coopération "exemplaire" entre Djibouti et les Etats-Unis d'Amérique.

Le ministre a par ailleurs mis en relief l'importance qu'accorde le gouvernement djiboutien à la recherche et au développement des sources d'énergies alternatives, rappelant à cet égard que son pays était confronté à un sérieux déficit de production électrique et à un tarif excessivement élevé du prix du kilowatt d'électricité.

Deux facteurs qui, selon lui, constituent un obstacle majeur au développement durable de notre pays car les grands projets d'infrastructures ne peuvent pas se concevoir sans une énergie "abondante, bon marché et sécurisée".

La maîtrise de l'énergie et la diversification des sources énergétiques figurent donc parmi les axes de la politique énergétique djiboutienne, compte tenu de nos besoins futurs en énergie électrique, qui, comme l'a précisé M. Odowa, tripleront au cours des cinq prochaines années.

Quant à la question cruciale de l'accès à l'eau, le ministre de l'Energie a enfin expliqué que "la croissance de la population et des infrastructures exerce une pression constante sur les ressources en eau autour de la ville de Djibouti et la recherche de solution alternative comme le dessalement de l'eau de mer sera à même de répondre au problème de pénurie en eau potable qui se profile qui se profile à l'horizon".

"Nous sommes ravis d'avoir pu conclure cet accord avec l'Electricité de Djibouti", a déclaré pour sa part M. Jack Hawks, selon lequel le projet d'installation de la centrale éolienne et solaire du Ghoubet devrait engendrer la création d'environ 100 emplois.

Selon le PDG de la MIOR , cette initiative est unique en son genre dans la région est-africaine et pourrait servir de référence pour un grand nombre de pays en développement.

Rappelons que la Maple Indian Ocean Resources (MIOR) est une société djiboutienne affiliée à des compagnies américaines basées aux Etats-Unis et au Pérou. Fondée en 1986, aux Etats-Unis, elle opère dans les secteurs du pétrole et de l'énergie électrique.

Well couldn't get anything in English, so I'll just give you in english the main points:

- Solar and Wind power generation plants to be built in Goubet
-The 1st phase of the project will cost USD 200 million
-Initial capacity of the plants: 40MW
-The solar and wind power plants will also provide electricity to a Water Desalinization plant that is to be established in Goubet too
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Old April 22nd, 2009, 04:51 PM   #6
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Originally Posted by Xusein View Post
When they mean geothermal, they mean hot springs?

Anyway, all these developments make me proud of my brother nation. ^_^
Yes the hot springs from the Lac Assal and Lac Abbe regions.
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Old April 22nd, 2009, 05:06 PM   #7
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Djibouti, Ethiopia integrate power networks

afrol News, 14 December - Access to electricity in Ethiopia and Djibouti is now to be increased through regional cooperation in the energy sector. Power trade will give Ethiopians access to the relatively large electricity coverage in Djibouti, while it will give Djiboutians access to much cheaper electricity from Ethiopia.

In Djibouti, half of the population already has access to electricity, making the country a regional leader. Power is however expensive, mostly produced on imported oil. In Ethiopia, on the other hand, only one eighth of the population has access to the relatively cheap hydroelectric power, which furthermore is heavily underdeveloped.

A more functional region power market is believed to reset much of these ills. When power flows freely across the Ethiopian-Djiboutian border, prices will adjust and power supply will increase, economists hold.

Those willing to pay more for power in Ethiopia, can buy the imports from Djibouti, which in any way will have to become cheaper to compete with electricity produced in Ethiopia. The existing market and distribution network in Djibouti and possibilities to sell power at higher prices will further promote investments in developing new hydroelectric power plants in Ethiopia.

To facilitate this development, the Ethiopian Electric Power Corporation (EEPCo) and Electricité de Djibouti (EdD) are to start their joint "Multinational Power Interconnection Project" in January 2005. The full power integration between the two neighbours is expected to be finalised by mid-2009.

As part of this project, authorities expect a large increase in electricity access in Ethiopia - from 13 percent in 2003 to 20 percent by 2012 - and in Djibouti - from 49.5 percent in 2003 to 60 percent by 2015. Power is expected to be provided at more affordable prices in the entire region as a result of the project, thus contributing to improve electricity access.

Despite Ethiopia's huge hydroelectric potential, the exploitation rate is only about 2 percent. Ethiopia' power system is predominantly hydroelectric based and production cost is low. Ethiopia hopes to attract investors in its underdeveloped hydroelectric energy sector by liberalising regional power supplies.

In the case of Djibouti, the country primarily depends on oil-fired electricity generation. Consequently, the unit cost of power production in Djibouti is significantly higher than in Ethiopia. Power prices in Djibouti also are very unstable, following international oil market prices.

For Djibouti, as opposed to Ethiopia, the project implies reduced future investment in the power sector and reduced requirement of spinning reserve. The power interconnection is to permit harmonisation of investment programmes between Ethiopia and Djibouti.

Authorities in Djibouti and Ethiopia see the increase in electricity access as a major goal in development and poverty reduction. Small scale industries in various sectors depend on electrification in both countries and rural societies need an affordable power supply to improve education and health care.

The "Multinational Power Interconnection Project" today achieved major international financing as the African Development Fund (ADF) approved two loans totalling US$ 59 million to the governments of Ethiopia and Djibouti. This amount is set to finance the "consulting services required for supervision of construction of the project, institutional support and for auditing of the project accounts," according to ADF.
........................

Last edited by Ras Siyan; November 12th, 2011 at 12:48 PM.
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Old November 5th, 2010, 07:53 PM   #8
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Djibouti’s Electricity Utility Djaban As will cost 130 million U.S. dollars

The project Djaban As for the new central power generation as the Djibouti Electricity will soon be built on a site located in PK15 near Djibouti City.

Costing an estimated 130 million U.S. dollars, the site enjoys financial support from Arab donors. These include the Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development (FADES), the Kuwait Arab Fund for Economic Development (KFAED), the Saudi Development Fund (SDF), the Islamic Development Bank (IDB) and OPEC. Thus, the future central Djaban As will have an initial capacity of 75 megawatts that will be expandable to 300 megawatts.

The project is timely. For the current production plant of ESD, based in Boulaos is saturated. Thirty four years after its commissioning, extensions sporadic power

5 Megawatts are no longer possible on site.

Moreover, they are no longer sufficient to meet the growing needs of electric energy to local demand.

African Development Bank already granted 33 million dollars for the electricity interconnection between Djibouti and Ethiopia (Africa News – 10/08/2008).
..................


Quote:
DJIBOUTI:The Russian giant GAZPROM moved to Djibouti

SomalilandPress)As part of its diversification strategy and deployment of its international business, the Russian gas giant GAZPROM just moved to Djibouti.

The company is a giant Gazprom energy, her everything is superlative: more than 400,000 employees, the largest company in Russia, the third market capitalization, the largest exporter of gas in the world. Gazprom owns the largest pipeline network in the world (155,000 km), and holds positions in banks, insurance, media, construction and agriculture.

In the case of Djibouti, it is Gazprom Neft, a subsidiary of the multinational oil energy that comes from taking up residence at the Djibouti Free Zone, which is a significant step forward for commercial DFZ.

Choosing the location is not accidental: Djibouti Free Zone combines a business-friendly environment, a generous package of tax and non tax incentives, with in it, world class facilities including offices equipped , modern warehouses and plots of land serviced. Access has a network of 6,000 businesses across the Jebel Ali Free Zone (JAFZA), and proximity to regional markets (COMESA) make it a platform conducive to investment and business.

“Our client Gazprom Neft Marine bunkering Ltd. plans to deliver and sell marine fuel through its local subsidiary to be located in Free Zone by the month of May 2010, it is called Djibouti FZCO Bunkering Company,” said Ali Ahmed Aouled , the commercial director of the DFZ.

“The company already has two storage tanks and a barge in the marine oil terminal Doraleh (operated by Horizon Terminal Limited), operate and monitor its activities from a rented office in the DFZ” Has added.

He must also know that the geostrategic position of our country largely explains the arrival Gazprom Neft. Djibouti is located near a dense maritime traffic: merchant ships, freighters, pleasure boats, and of course the fleet of the international coalition in charge of security of merchant shipping against Somali pirates.

Thus the DFZ, in synergy with the port and airport entities, is the main entrance door of foreign investment.

The arrival of this major player in the field of naval replenishment medium term will enhance the quality of service to attract other investment.

Note that these activities are part of the strategy development and openness of our economy.

Source:www.Horntrade.com
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Old November 6th, 2010, 05:06 PM   #9
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Djibouti to install thermal generators for 75 MW

May 18th, 2010
Djibouti has received a $30 million loan, part of the money it needs to put up a 75 megawatt thermal electricity plant, the head of its power utility told Reuters.

It is waiting for another $100 million but had agreements with the Kuwait Fund and Saudi Fund for $30 million each, and the Islamic Development Bank and OPEC would provide another $40 million each.

“With the signing in January 2010 of the agreement with the Arab Fund for Development for 25 percent of total project costs of $130 million for a new power plant, we made a giant step,” said Djama Ali Guelleh, general manager at Djibouti Electricity.

“This loan of $30 million will be repayable over 25 years with an interest rate of 2-5 percent.”

The new power plant will be situated at Djaban Haas, 15 km (9 miles) south of the capital and will have an initial capacity of 75 megawatts, which can be later expanded to 300 MW, he said.

Guelleh said Djibouti had purchased five generators with capacity of 15 MW each, and an interconnection project with neighbouring Ethiopia was on track.

“The poles are up and the power cables are running the 85 km to the Ethiopian border,” he said.

Djibouti has been relying on the 80 MW Boulaos power plant built in 1976, but everyone agreed it was uneconomical to expand it, Guelleh said.

Another official said the Djibouti government also had plans to develop its wind potential in the medium term.

A government study in 2002 established that Goubet, at the entrance of the Gulf of Tadjourah, had potential for 50 MW.

Idriss Hared, renewable energy specialist at the Djibouti Research Centre, said the government was looking for financing for a wind farm at Goubet and discussions were going on with the French Development Agency and Alsthom.

The tiny Horn of Africa country also aspires to tap its geothermal resources.

In 2008, a preliminary geophysic study by an Iceland company showed that there were good prospects.

“The total project cost is $170 million and will be financed by the World Bank, European Investment Bank and Iceland,” said Abdou Houmed, an EDD geothermal resources engineer.

Prospecting for geothermal began in 1970, seven years before the independence, and six exploratory boreholes were drilled between 1973 and 1983 at Hanle, 137 km at the South of Djibouti, and in Assal Lake, 122 km north.

Each time the result was positive but the high salinity was an main obstacle, he said.

Another four wells were sunk in Assal in 1987 for $16 million but here too the main issue was salinity, he said.

The government had mobilised $27 million for the feasibility studies from the Arab Fund, Kuwait Fund, and Iceland’s Reykjavik Energy.

“With financial crisis in Iceland, I can’t say when the program will be restart, but the last contact with our partners left me optimistic,” Houmed said.

Edited by: Reuters
.................
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Old December 17th, 2010, 10:53 PM   #10
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Bio-waste: Firm offers solution to Djibouti


Biodegradable solid waste, Republic of Djibouti
Posted: Wed Dec 15 2010, 06:48 hrs
Pune:


A Pune-based company, Mailhem Engineers, has proposed a solution to the Republic of Djibouti for its bio-waste and energy related issues.

The company will export plants to the country that shares it border with Ethiopia, Somalia and Eritrea from January 2011 onwards.

D Dawood, technical director, State Infrastructure department, Government of Djibouti visited Pune to discuss the details of the export of technology associated with biomethanation system for managing biodegradable solid waste.

He said, “We are a port country and a lot of animals that are supplied to Europe pass through Djibouti. So before being sent to slaughter houses they are quarantined for a long time here. During that period they produce a lot of bio-degradable animal wastes. Finally we seem to have found a way to deal with it.”

He added that the energy generated from the processing the waste will also help them save their energy needs. Djibouti does not generate its own power, it buys electricity from the neighbouring nations.


Two types of plants will be exported from India – portable ones that will can process upto 350kg of wastes per day and bigger plants that can be used to generated power by using up to 5 tonnes of wastes.

BL Pandey, chief executive officer, Mailhem Engineers, said, “We are conducting a two week training for two operations and maintenance staff who have also come here from Djibouti. Our recent supply to Nepal was commissioned a couple of months back. The next supply to Pakistan is expected to be completed by next month. The export to Djibouti is likely to be completed by January next year.
source: http://www.indianexpress.com/news/Bi...ibouti/725011/

Nice...

Quote:
Djibouti does not generate its own power, it buys electricity from the neighbouring nations
Djibouti generates its own power, but not enough to meet the growing demand. The project to import electricity from Ethiopia is not completed yet...
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Old February 11th, 2011, 09:39 AM   #11
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Djibouti desperate for energy investors

Thursday, January 20, 2011

With power consumption steadily rising, also through new businesses opening in Djibouti, electricity production remains erratic and causes increased outages. Government desperately seeks investors, new documentation reveals.

In a US Embassy cable from June 2009, recently published through Wikileaks, the Ambassador notes large investment possibilities for US companies in the small African Horn country. Several Djibouti officials, including Minister of Energy Moussa Bouh Odowa, had called for foreign assistance to invest in electricity production.

Djibouti was struggling with "a widening gap between electricity demand from consumers, and a constrained supply of expensive, diesel-generated electricity provided by the national electricity company," it was noted. Government realised it needed improved supplies of lower-cost energy to maintain economic momentum and meet the basic needs of ordinary Djiboutians.


Djibouti's parastatal electricity monopoly Electricity of Djibouti (EDD) in 2009 officially had an installed capacity of 100 megawatts, but the company's "realistic production capacity is much lower - closer to 47 MW," the Ministry of Energy admitted.

The EDD was seen as capable of sustaining a short-term "surge" in production to 60-70 MW, but not for prolonged periods. Summertime demand - when Djibouti's hot season leads to greater air conditioner use - was in 2009 set at 87 MW, leaving a significant gap between production and consumption needs. Furthermore, already for 2010, the Ministry projected that Djibouti's energy needs would reach 125 MW or even higher, as the country was attracting large-scale foreign direct investment projects.

Meanwhile, Djiboutians were experiencing more and more frequent power outages. The worst situation was experienced in May 2009, when Djibouti City experienced multiple, prolonged power cuts of up to 9 hours a day.

During the last years, Djiboutian authorities had tried to attract investors to its considerable renewable energy resources, focusing on geothermal, wind and solar energy projects. But Djibouti lacked both knowledge and capital to develop these resources.

In particular, a planned 50-100 MW Djibouti-Iceland geothermal plant at Lac Assal was frustrating government. Not only did Minister Bouh Odowa distrust the Icelandic investors following the financial crisis, he revealed to the US Ambassador, but the Icelanders were also acting in an undiplomatic way, with "errors of protocol and communication."

The Djiboutian Minister said he was not as confident that Iceland had the full US$ 25-30 million available to fund the Lac Assal project feasibility phase. The Icelanders had agreed to cover 35 percent of the Djibouti project's exploration costs, which would lead to the largest-ever energy project in the country.

Minister Bouh Odowa revealed that he would be very interested in getting further investors than the Icelanders into the project - and other renewable energy projects - to make sure Djibouti could increase its energy production quickly. He would even offer a higher Djiboutian government participation in such investments.

Meanwhile, the Icelanders a few months after the US report managed to produce the awaited feasibility report, including the expensive deep wells drilled in the Lac Assal region. The report had a generally positive evaluation of the geothermal power project.

But little else has been done to increase Djibouti's energy production since the 2009 report. Djibouti still desperately looks for new investors into its large energy production potential.

source
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Old April 4th, 2011, 07:47 AM   #12
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Djibouti - Ethiopia Power Interconnection Project : A dream comes true

The General Manager of Electricity of Djibouti (EDD) Djama Ali Guelleh and CEO of the Ethiopian Electricity Corporation (EEPCO), Mr. Debebe Mehret, have signed an amendment related to the Djibouti-Ethiopia power interconnection project Convention that reached its final phase on March 7th.

The purpose of the amendment that has been signed was related to the purchase of electric power. It is great news for all Djiboutian households that can finally expect to reduce their energy bills.
The power interconnection project between Djibouti and Ethiopia has reached its final phase and should be operational within two months. That's what we have been told on March 7th, by the General Manager of Electricity of Djibouti (EDD), Djama Ali Guelleh and CEO of the Ethiopian Electricity Corporation (EEPCO), Mr. Debebe Mehret, in a statement to reporters after a signing ceremony of an amendment to the Convention of the Djibouti-Ethiopia power interconnection project.

The signing ceremony, which took place in the conference room of EDD, marks a milestone for this important project aimed to reduce energy costs as well as dependence on oil imports.

In a press briefing, the General Manager of EDD, Djama Ali Guelleh said that the signature of this amendement opens a new era for the country's energy supply."We come today to sign the energy purchase agreement that defines rates in kilowatt-hours," Mr. Djama Ali said. He has also stressed out that "the interconnection will be operational in exactly two months."
According to Mr. Djama, the purchase price rate will range from 6 to 7 cents a dollar depending periods. "Once this project becomes operational, the power shortages will no longer be", he added. These words reported from the directors of EDD should reassure the Djiboutian population.

An assessment study of the project environmental impact was made even before the beginning. With regard to the equipment maintenance, Djama Ali said that joint technician teams fro
m the two countries were trained.

To that end, the EDD has recruited seven engineers who worked with the multinational company responsible of the project implementation. On the other hand, the manager of the EEPCO, Mr. Debebe Mehret welcomed the implementation of this project as "the first of its kind in the region and will benefit for both of our countries."

The Cooperation Agreement on the power interconnection between the two countries was signed on November 4, 1999. In this context, the two companies were given the mission of carrying out the feasibility study, construction, operation and maintenance of the overall interconnection project between Djibouti and Ethiopia.
source

Finally!
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Old May 6th, 2011, 06:35 PM   #13
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Ethiopia Plans to Start Exporting Power to Djibouti This Month

Ethiopia expects to begin exporting electricity to Djibouti this month after completing a project connecting its power grid to the neighboring country, an Ethiopian Electric Power Corp. official said.

The link, completed in November, is in the final testing and commissioning stage, Alemayehu Wubeshet, head of transmission lines and sub-station construction at the state- owned utility, said in an interview in Addis Ababa on May 4. The project forms part of a program to link nine regional countries to a single electricity grid by 2016.

“We are planning by the end of May we will send power” to Djibouti, Alemayehu said. The line will enable Ethiopia to supply as much as 30 megawatts of electricity, he said.

Ethiopia plans to produce as much as 8,000 megawatts of additional electricity, mainly from hydropower sources, over the next five years, Prime Minister Meles Zenawi said on April 30. Construction of a $4.76 billion, 5,250-megawatt project near the Sudanese border was announced on April 2 by Meles. The Horn of Africa country’s hydropower potential of 45,000 megawatts is second only to the Democratic Republic of Congo on the continent, according to the World Bank.

Ethiopian hydropower will generate the bulk of electricity that will be traded among nine countries that are expected to connect to a regional grid by 2016, said Jasper Oduor, executive secretary of the Eastern Africa Power Pool, or EAPP.

“The good thing is the whole area can get cheap power and Ethiopia can get revenue,” he said in an e-mailed response to questions on May 4. “It’s a shared benefit situation.”

Integration

The EAPP, based in Addis Ababa, will coordinate the development of the regional power market, including determining how to set tariffs, overseeing integration and regulating the market that will begin trading in 2013, Oduor said.

Ethiopia has occasional outages even after three hydropower plants came online in the past two years.

“At this time we don’t have any power shortages,” Alemayehu said. “It’s not a systemic or planning problem. Sometimes it’s technical, sometime it’s damage.”

The African Development Bank funded the link between Ethiopia and Djibouti and will also advance funds for a double circuit 230-kilovolt line that will triple the transmission capacity to eastern Ethiopia and Djibouti, according to Alemayehu.

A connection to Sudan may be completed this year, said Raihan Elahi, the World Bank’s senior energy specialist in Ethiopia. The Washington-based lender provided about $45 million for the project that began in 2007, he said in a phone interview from the capital on May 4. There is an agreement Ethiopia has to deliver 100 megawatts to the neighboring country and the amount may rise to 200 megawatts, Elahi said.

“The major objective it to monetize Ethiopia’s hydropower potential,” Elahi said. “It considers itself the water tower of Africa and it can’t use it all by itself. It will be opening up a new window by earning foreign exchange from hydropower.”
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Old June 10th, 2011, 09:27 PM   #14
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Ethiopia Begins Electricity Exports to Neighboring Djibouti

June 10 (Bloomberg) -- Ethiopia began power exports to its Horn of Africa neighbor Djibouti, an Ethiopian Electric Power Corp. spokesman said.

The electricity shipments began on May 27, Addis Tagele, a spokesman for the state-owned utility, said in a phone interview today from Addis Ababa, the capital.

"The maximum at the moment is about 20 megawatts," he said.

Ethiopia plans to produce as much as 8,000 megawatts of additional electricity from hydropower sources over the next five years, Prime Minister Meles Zenawi said on April 30. The country will generate most of the power that will be traded among nine countries that are expected to connect to a regional grid by 2016, according to the Eastern Africa Power Pool.

Construction of a $4.76 billion, 5,250-megawatt project near the Sudanese border was announced on April 2 by Meles. The country's hydropower potential of 45,000 megawatts is second only to the Democratic Republic of Congo on the continent, according to the World Bank.

A World Bank-funded transmission line to Sudan may be completed this year, Raihan Elahi, the World Bank's senior energy specialist in Ethiopia, said last month. There is an agreement for Ethiopia to supply as much as 200 megawatts to Sudan, he said.

The African Development Bank provided a total of $95 million to Djibouti and Ethiopia for the project that links the two countries, Ethiopia Resident Representative Lamin Barrow said today in a phone interview from Addis Ababa.

"The beauty of the project is that Ethiopian and Djibouti have diverse peaks," he said. "So supply will be very easy."

The connection will bring Djibouti cheap energy to fund its industrial development and is expected to generate $10 million for Ethiopia in the first year, according to Barrow. The foreign exchange earned by Ethiopia can "be ploughed back into fund its Universal Electrification Access Program," he said.

Ethiopia plans to increase access to electricity to as much as 75 percent of the population in July 2015 from 41 percent now, according to the government's five-year growth plan.

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Old June 21st, 2011, 09:21 AM   #15
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Énergie

Le projet « Djaban As »

Le projet « Djaban As » concerne la nouvelle centrale de production d’énergie électrique que l’Electricité de Djibouti va prochainement construire sur un site situé au PK15.

D’un coût estimatif de 130 millions de dollars US, le chantier jouit du soutien financier des bailleurs de fonds arabes. Citons le fonds arabe de développement économique et social(FADES), le fonds koweïtien arabe de développement économique(KFAED), le fonds saoudien de développement(FSD), la banque islamique de développement(BID) et l’OPEC. Ainsi, la future centrale « Djaban As » aura une capacité initiale de 75 mégawatts qui sera extensible à 300 mégawatts.

Le projet vient à point nommé. Car l’actuelle centrale de production de l’EDD, sis à Boulaos, est saturée. Trente quatre ans après sa mise en service, des extensions sporadiques de puissance de

5 Mégawatts ne sont plus possibles sur place.

D’ailleurs, elles ne suffisent plus pour répondre aux besoins sans cesse croissants en énergie électrique de la demande locale.
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Old June 30th, 2011, 09:01 PM   #16
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Djibouti : Un financement pour la centrale électrique de Djaban’as

Écrit par Mimouna Hafi

Les multiples initiatives du gouvernement djiboutien pour satisfaire la demande d’électricité locale ont fini par payer. La semaine dernière, des institutions financières arabes ont consenti à soutenir le projet de construction d’une centrale électrique dans la ville de Djibouti à Djabana au PK15.

Le montant de 130 millions de dollars américains, équivalente au coût estimatif des travaux de ce chantier, sera partagé entre le Fonds Arabe pour le Développement Economique et Social (FADES), la Banque Islamique de Développement (BID), le Fonds Koweitien, le Fonds Saoudien pour le Développement et le Fonds d’Abu-Dhabi. Ces institutions décaisseront, sous-forme de prêts concessionnels, respectivement, en dollars américains, 32 millions, 30 millions, 30 millions, 24 millions et 20 millions. Des contributions qui, en somme, dépassent même les attentes du gouvernement djiboutien.

Quant à la centrale de Djaban’as, sa construction, au terme de laquelle elle pourra produire au minimum 75 MW, s’achèvera en 2014. Une puissance qui pourrait atteindre 600 MW, le projet ayant prévu la possibilité d’extension. Cela fera du bien à la fourniture électrique de Djibouti car l’ancienne centrale électrique, située à Boulaos, était exténuée après déjà 35 ans de service. Mais, le gouvernement ne s’en contente pas. Il développe ainsi, en parallèle, deux projets entrant toujours dans le cadre de l’amélioration de la fourniture énergétique du pays, à savoir, une interconnexion avec le réseau électrique éthiopien et un forage géothermique au niveau du Lac Assal. A ce rythme, Djibouti ne connaîtra plus de crise énergétique.
source

Assez simplet l'article, sinon la centrale ne commence qu'avec 75 MW?
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Old July 7th, 2011, 07:13 AM   #17
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Signature d’une convention de financement

Le grand argentier djiboutien, M. Ilyas Moussa Dawaleh, et le commissaire européen au développement, M. Andris Pielbags, ont paraphé hier une convention de financement au palace Kempinski. D’un montant de 15 millions d’euros, celle-ci va renforcer le projet d’interconnexion électrique entre l’Ethiopie et Djibouti qui jouit de l’appui financier de la banque africaine de développement (BAD).

Le ministre de l’Economie et des Finances, chargé de l’Industrie et de la Planification, M. Ilyas Moussa Dawaleh, et le commissaire européen au développement, M. Andris Pielbags, ont cosigné hier une convention de financement d’un montant de 15 millions d’euros, destinée au programme de développement de l’énergie.

La cérémonie de signature s’est déroulée en présence du ministre délégué au Budget, M Amareh Ali Saïd, sous les lustres du palace Kempinski de Djibouti ville.

Ainsi, le protocole d’accord s’inscrit dans le cadre des priorités du gouvernement djiboutien qui visent une réduction de la dépendance d’énergie électrique d’origine thermique pour mieux faire face au coût élevé du pétrole, et le développement des sources d’énergies renouvelables.

C’est pourquoi Djibouti a fait appel au soutien de l’Union Européenne pour renforcer le projet d’interconnexion électrique entre l’Ethiopie et Djibouti qui jouit de l’appui financier de la banque africaine de développement (BAD).

L’objectif de ce chantier d’envergure est de permettre au pays de disposer d’une électricité tirée de sources renouvelables à meilleur marché. En ce sens, les deux parties djiboutienne et éthiopienne ont opté pour l’exploitation de l’énergie hydraulique.

D’une part, la construction d’un poste de 63 KV à Djibouti (palmeraie) permettra d’assurer l’arrivée des lignes 63 KV, de garantir et d’optimiser la répartition d’énergie sur la boucle de Djibouti-ville.

D’autre part, la construction d’un centre de dispatching nationale permettra de centraliser la gestion du système électrique de Djibouti
rendu complexe du fait de l’interconnexion, de coordonner l’ensemble des acteurs, d’optimiser le parc de production de minimiser les pertes sur le réseau de l’opérateur national de l’électricité et de gérer les échanges avec le système électrique éthiopien.

Idem, la portée de ce projet consiste en la réduction du coût de production de l’énergie électrique à partir d’unités de production d’énergie renouvelable.

Ce qui devrait non seulement faciliter l’accès des couches les plus démunies de la population à la fée électricité mais aussi de soutenir la compétitivité des activités économiques du pays.

Autant de motifs ont valu au ministre Ilyas Moussa Dawaleh d’exprimer au commissaire Andris Pielbags sa gratitude pour la signature de ces conventions qui répondent au souci de l’amélioration des relations de coopération que Djibouti et l’UE entretiennent.
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Old July 11th, 2011, 12:50 PM   #18
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Un mémorandum d’entente

Le Ministère de l’Energie et de l’Eau, chargé des Ressources Naturelles, et la compagnie nationale de l’électricité chinoise (CNEEC) ont signé mercredi 06 juillet dernier un mémorandum d’entente sur construction d’une centrale électrique à base du charbon.

Le Ministre de l’Energie et de l’Eau, chargé des Ressources Naturelles, Dr Fouad Ahmed Ayeh Et le vice-président de la compagnie nationale de l’électricité chinoise, M He Gongqi, ont paraphé le mercredi 06 juillet dernier un mémorandum d’entente sur construction d’une centrale électrique à base du charbon.

La signature de ce protocole d’accord rentre dans le cadre de la recherche d’une disponibilité énergétique.

Ainsi la compagnie nationale de l’électricité chinoise (CNEEC) va édifier la première usine d’énergie de ce type à Djibouti. Dans cette optique Le Ministère de l’Energie et de l’Eau et la CNEEC ont convenu de recourir aux crédits chinois et à l’exportation chinoise.

Les deux parties se sont accordées autour d’un programme de financement qui doit inclure une réduction de 15% de la valeur totale du contrat comme un paiement anticipé et d’une garantie de remboursement émise par le gouvernement djiboutien.
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Old October 4th, 2011, 06:02 AM   #19
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Ethiopia and Djibouti to sign electricity export agreement this week .
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Addisfortune.com


Last Updated 10/03/2011


Signing the agreement will make the electricity export trial period permanent



A high-level delegation from the government and the Ethiopian Electric Power Corporation (EEPCO) is expected to travel to Djibiouti to sign an agreement on Wednesday, October 5, 2011 that will make electricity export to Djibiouti, operating on a trial basis for the past few months, official and binding.

Ethiopia has been exporting electricity to Djibouti since the end of May, charging 70 dollar cents for a kilowatt hour (KWh). Ethiopia has been exporting 100GWh with the aim to supply uninterrupted 200mw to Djibouti.

This will mark the first concrete step by the government toward plans for exporting electric power to its neighbours, including Kenya and Sudan, and to widen plans to fund the generation of electricity from it.

The project, largely financed by African Development Bank (AfDB) and costing around 65 million dollars, aims to enhance access to electricity in Djibouti, which in 2003 was 49.5pc, to 60pc by to 2015. One of the benefits of the project is a ten pc tariff reduction expected in Djibouti.

The project was initiated by the two clients EEPCo and its counterpart Electricite de Djibouti (EdD) in 2006.

Substation construction work has included an extension to the existing Dire Dawa substation, involving two 230-kV lines. One circuit is used to supply Adigala, the principal Ethiopian border town along the 230-kV transmission line route. Another substation has been constructed, which will also supply another 11 Ethiopian border towns, in the vicinity of Aysha, Dewele and Harewa, with a network comprising 230 km of 33-kV overhead line.

Adigala substation also includes a 230-kV line to supply Djibouti City. Another 75 km of 63-kV overhead line has been constructed to supply power to the border towns of Ali-Sabieh and Dikhil.

The first phase of the electrification of the border towns was completed in 2009 and around 9,000 new customers are expected to benefit through other projects, such as small scale micro-industries and irrigation projects using electric appliance pumps.

Djibouti’s consumption was 0.17 billion kwh in 2000, which increased to o.22 billion kwh by the end of 2006. Recent documents show the annual consumption of electricity from domestic and imported sources has reached 0.26 billion kwh.

Power demand in Djibouti is expected to grow from about 90 MW to 175 MW in the next fifteen years, according to a study done for the project. The transmission line to Djibouti from Ethiopia will supply a significant proportion of this demand, possibly up to 75pc being exported from Ethiopia, to the economic advantage of both countries, according to the same study.

By Hruy Tsegaye
Fortune Staff Writer


[URL]http://addisfortune.com/Ethiopia%20and%20Djibouti%20to%20Sign%20Electricity%20Export%20Agreement%20this%20Week.htm[/QUOTE]
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Old October 11th, 2011, 04:10 PM   #20
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INTERDEPENDENT!

EEPCo network to Djibouti may generate 721.8 million dollars and slash household energy costs



Prime Minister Meles Zenawi (left) and Djibouti’s President Ismail Omar Guelleh (right) lean over their chair towards each other during the inauguration of a hydroelectric power substation erected 12km west of Djibouti City on Wednesday, October 5, 2011, part of a 283km transmission line between the two countries.

The idea of connecting Djibouti to Ethiopia’s national power grid is as old as the independence of this Red Sea nation, established in 1977. After almost four decades and an investment of 1.5 billion Br, Djibouti now receives power supply from Ethiopia for the first time in its history, described by Alemayehu Tegenu, Minister of Water and Energy, as “clean and carbon free” energy.

Leaders from both countries, who inaugurated the substation erected 12km west of Djibouti City on Wednesday, October 5, 2011, attributed the hydroelectric power interconnection to the political will shown by the leadership of the neighboring countries.

Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, who stayed in Djibouti for just five hours during the inauguration, praised the project as “another bond of brotherhood with [Ethiopia’s] special friend.”

The increasing interdependence between Djibouti and Ethiopia dates back to the early 20th Century and the building of what was originally the Franco-Ethiopian railway in 1917. In the early 1970s, the 782km railway corridor was handling 30pc of Ethiopia’s international trade. Its significance, however, also declined in the early 1970s after the reconstruction of the Port of Asseb at a cost of 30 million Br.

Eritrea’s breakaway from Ethiopia in the early 1990s, and the subsequent war later on that same decade, returned Djibouti to its former status. But it took nearly a century for the countries to share another major public infrastructure - hydroelectric power - which Meles said in his address last week was “another milestone” interconnecting the economies of the two countries.

Despite strong interest during the period of Emperor Haileselassie to develop the power supply project, it was not until the mid-1980s that the idea was pursued aggressively. A regional cooperation meeting called in March 1985 launched the feasibility study which took two years to complete.

Due to political instability in Ethiopia in the late 1980s and early 1990s, the project was buried. It was resurrected only in November 1999, after the two countries signed a cooperation agreement to re-launch the project, and a memorandum of understanding for power purchase agreement was signed in April 2008.

Over 90pc of the project cost was financed by loans and grants from the African Development Bank (AfDB). The project is thought to be very crucial to Djibouti, a country that aspires to become a regional hub for transport, finance and trade. Much of its 1.25 billion dollars in real GDP (2011) comes from its port services and the hospitality industry, both heavily dependent on electric power. Up to now, power has been generated not only from increasingly expensive sources, but also by noisy and frequently disruptive diesel-powered generators.

On Wednesday, a few hours after the inauguration of the substation in Djibouti’s PK12, one of the two stations built over the past two years, including the one in Dire Dawa, members of the Ethiopian delegation had to endure three interruptions of power while having lunch at the Palace Kempinski, Djibouti’s seaside luxurious hotel, and an icon of Dubai’s investment in Djibouti over the past 10 years.


“Don’t blame us,” said Misiker Negash, public relations head of EEPCo, to a couple of journalists who traveled to Djibouti for the inauguration. “We supply them power between 11:00p.m. and 7:00a.m.”

Concluding the negotiation has not been as easy as signing the MoU. It took two years before the 25-year agreement was finalized in March of this year.

During that period, the project was redesigned to incorporate a double-circuit transmission line, and the number of Ethiopia’s border towns meant to benefit along the 283Km line went up from originally four to 12.

“The toughest part was, however, agreeing on the tariff,” Alemayehu told Fortune. “They stood their ground to get a much lower price.”

They finally settled for two tariffs: 0.6 US cents/kw during summer and 0.72 cents/kw for the winter, an amount which is higher than Ethiopia’s domestic tariff of 0.06 US cents/kw but 72.7pc lower than the tariff Djibouti’s Electricite de Djibouti (EDD) charges its subscribers.

“I’m more relieved to know that we will have less of an interruption than we have lived through,” said a prominent Djibouti businessman involved in the logistic and maritime industry.

The project has a lot more meaning to EEPCo than simply its ability to generate a projected 721.8 million dollars by 2037, which will make the company listed alongside Ethiopian firms whose exports and services generate revenues in foreign exchange.

Ever since a trail transmission began in May 2011, with provision of 20Mw power, EEPCo has been generating between 1.2 million dollars and 1.5 million dollars in monthly revenues, and the volume of power has been increased to a current 35Mw, with a further agreement to increase it to 50Mw. This may even go as high as 100Mw, a power supply that consumes 0.05pc of Ethiopia’s current generation capacity, according to a feasibility study conducted by AfDB.

“The power sector will now generate more revenues in foreign currency than some of the exportable items,” Mihiret Debebe, its managing director, declared to journalists in Djibouti.

Indeed, the energy sector could bring in more dollars than what exports of incense, leather, shoes and honey have earned during the last fiscal year.

But where his pride comes from is the symbolic value of the project to the realization of the East African Power Pool, whose secretariat Ethiopia hosts.

“Ethiopian and Djibouti governments have demonstrated their leadership by being the first countries in realizing this noble objective,” Mihiret told a delighted gathering that soldiered out the blazing sun of Djibouti and a temperature of 38 degrees. “It is the first power interconnection line in the region equipped with optical ground wire for broadband-secured highway communications.”

But it may not be the last. EEPCo has already signed the second phase of interconnection with Djibouti, to be financed by AfDB, to build a 350km transmission line with double-circuit 230Kv directed from Koka-Dire Dawa substations. When completed on schedule in September 2013, immediately after the anticipated commissioning of Gilgel Gibe III, Mihiret promised to quadruple the current energy consumption of Djibouti, which is now covered 65pc from power generated in Ethiopia.

Yet, more is to come in the way of supplying power to Sudan and Kenya, both countries in different stages of negotiations with EEPCo. When the power purchase agreements are signed, Sudan will get 100Mw, equal to what Finchaa Amertineshe will generate, and 500Mw to Kenya, a volume a little over of what Takeze and Gilgel Gibe I generate.

This is a regional initiative Djibouti’s President Ismail Omar Guelleh praised as “a concept we must, above all, believe in.”
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