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Old November 24th, 2019, 02:09 AM   #4881
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New telescope in the southern sky!

Lesser Nusa Tenggara islands group is relatively drier than the rest of Indonesia, so it's also the best area for a telescope. When this new observatory will be finished, together with the spaceport in Biak, all of Indonesian main astronomical infrastructures will be located in the eastern part.

A New Era of Indonesian Space, Largest Observatory in Southeast Asia Founded
Sept 25, 2019
Quote:
Indonesia will enter a new era of space, marked by the start of the construction of a modern astronomical observatory on Timor Island, East Nusa Tenggara by the National Institute of Aviation and Space (LAPAN). From information on the LAPAN website, the groundbreaking of the observatory construction has been carried out by LAPAN’s Deputy for Space and Atmospheric Sciences, Afif Budiyono on November 29, 2018. The facility is predicted to be the largest in Southeast Asia.

...

The eastern part of Indonesia is considered the most profitable location for the construction of new astronomical observatories. Despite the challenges of cloud cover in Indonesia, which are on average quite high, meteorological research has found that the best area might be in the East Nusa Tenggara (NTT) region. Measurements show the area for development on Mount Timau which has a height of about 1,300 meters above sea level with the brightness of the night sky in the region reaching 70 percent which is an important aspect for astronomical observations and research.

The observatory is owned by LAPAN, but the project is a collaboration between LAPAN, ITB, UNDANA, NTT Government and Kupang Regency. It is hoped that the observatory will be operational by 2021 and will be open to national and international collaboration.

In addition to the area on Mount Timau, a central office and science center will also be built in Tilong, near Kupang City, NTT. The science center will provide direct benefits and reach out to the local community and provide education.

The main telescope proposed to be installed at the Timau National Observatory in Indonesia is the 3.8 meter optical telescope which is a twin brother of the Seimei Telescope at the Okayama Observatory, Kyoto University, Japan. The telescope can cover 95% of the sky. the area will also have a 1.2 meter telescope, two twin 50 cm observation telescopes and a 30 cm telescope for solar observation. Several telescopes are planned to be operated using remote control to avoid problems with difficult access to the area. Not only that, the future observatory will also be equipped with radio telescopes – still under discussion – that can provide multi-wavelength and high-resolution data.

The 3.8 m telescope will be equipped with an ultra-sensitive CCD camera and medium-resolution spectrograph that will be suitable for future research that leads to research on the formation and evolution of star clusters from chemical dynamics and perspectives and the relationship between stellar physics and interstellar medium. This telescope can also be used for other fields of astrophysics, such as the characterization of exoplanets, stars like the sun and the dynamic and chemical properties of nearby galaxies.
...
With the availability of these facilities, it is considered to be very profitable because asteroid observations are lacking in the Southeast Asian region. Research collaborations with other institutions have also been made, such as plans for developing sustainable instrumentation with Kyoto University and there is also a robotic telescope development plan in collaboration with the Astrophysics Research Institute at Liverpool John Moores University.
....




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Old November 25th, 2019, 04:16 PM   #4882
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The robotic arm on NASA's InSight Mars lander is pinning a heat flow probe, or mole, to one side of a hole it's created in the surface, increasing friction enough for the mole to burrow deeper. (Photos/NASA)





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Old November 29th, 2019, 03:12 PM   #4883
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China sent a new Earth observation satellite into space from the Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center in northern China's Shanxi Province at 7:52 a.m. Thursday (Beijing Time).







The satellite, Gaofen-12, was launched aboard a Long March-4C rocket and entered the planned orbit successfully. It was the 320th flight mission of the Long March carrier rocket series. As part of the country's high-definition earth observation project, the microwave remote sensing satellite is capable of providing photographs with a resolution of better than a meter. Gaofen-12 will be used in land surveys, urban planning, road network design and crop yield estimate, as well as disaster relief. It can also serve projects along the Belt and Road. (...all Photos: China News Service/ Zheng Taotao)

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Old December 3rd, 2019, 12:35 AM   #4884
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Chinese astronomers discover unexpected huge stellar black hole



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Liu Jifeng (1st R Back), deputy director-general of the National Astronomical Observatory of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (NAOC) and the first author of the study, speaks during a press conference of the black hole LB-1 discovered with the Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fibre Spectroscopy Telescope (LAMOST), in Beijing, capital of China, Nov. 27, 2019. A Chinese-led research team has discovered a surprisingly huge stellar black hole about 14,000 light years from Earth -- our "backyard" of the universe -- forcing scientists to re-examine how such black holes form. The team, headed by Liu Jifeng, spotted the black hole, which has a mass 70 times greater than the Sun. Researchers named the monster black hole LB-1.
http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/201..._138589985.htm
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Old December 3rd, 2019, 10:00 AM   #4885
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A paper published earlier this month in Nature Astronomy finds statistical preference/evidence for a spherical (a 4-D sphere) universe; so a closed universe. Einstein's GR theory allows for the possibility of a flat, hyperbolic, or closed universe.

https://www.nature.com/articles/s41550-019-0906-9

Last edited by womfalcs3; December 4th, 2019 at 09:48 AM.
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Old Yesterday, 10:56 PM   #4886
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Falcon 9 SpaceX rocket

A Falcon 9 SpaceX rocket on a resupply mission to the International Space Station lifts off from Space Launch Complex 40 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Cape Canaveral, Fla., Thursday, Dec. 5, 2019. (Photo/Agencies)

SpaceX launched a 6000-pound shipment to the International Space Station on Thursday, including “mighty mice” for a muscle study, a robot sensitive to astronauts’ emotions and a miniature version of a brewery’s malt house.








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