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Old December 19th, 2016, 12:27 AM   #41
Ivan the Immigrant
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Earliest Europeans Did Not Use Fire for Cooking, Researchers Say

Europe’s earliest humans did not use fire, but had a balanced diet of meat and plants — all eaten raw, according to a team of researchers led by Karen Hardy of the University of York and the Autonomous University of Barcelona.


Studying dental plaque from a 1.2-million-year-old hominin, found by archaeologists in 2007 at the site of the Sima del Elefante (Pit of the Elephant), Atapuerca, Spain, Dr. Hardy and co-authors extracted microfossils to find the earliest direct evidence of food eaten by early humans.

These microfossils included traces of raw animal tissue, uncooked starch granules indicating consumption of grasses, pollen grains from a species of pine, insect fragments and a possible fragment of a toothpick.

All detected fibers were uncharred, and there was also no evidence showing inhalation of microcharcoal — normally a clear indicator of proximity to fire.

The timing of the earliest use of fire for cooking is hotly contested, with some researchers arguing habitual use started around 1.8 million years ago while others suggest it was as late as 300,000-400,000 years ago.

Possible evidence for fire has been found at some very early sites in Africa.

However, the lack of evidence for fire at the Sima del Elefante suggests that this knowledge was not carried with the earliest humans when they left Africa.

The earliest definitive evidence in Europe for use of fire is 800,000 years ago at the Spanish site of Cueva Negra.

This evidence suggests the development of fire technology occurred at some point between 800,000 and 1.2 million years ago, revealing a new timeline for when the earliest humans started to cook food.


Source >> http://www.sci-news.com/otherscience...ing-04452.html
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Old December 19th, 2016, 04:04 AM   #42
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Quote:
Stone Tools Point to Two Distinct Neanderthal Cultures

Aug 20, 2013 by Enrico de Lazaro

A study of 1,300 stone hand axes found at 80 Neanderthal sites in France, Germany, Belgium, Britain and the Netherlands shows that two cultural traditions existed among Neanderthals living in what is now northern Europe between 115,000 to 35,000 years ago.



Two separate hand axe traditions or designs existed – the Mousterian of Acheulean Tradition in a region now spanning south-western France and Britain and the Keilmessergruppen Tradition in Germany and further to the East, according to study author Dr Karen Ruebens from the University of Southampton, who reported the results in the Journal of Human Evolution. She also identified an area covering modern day Belgium and the Netherlands that demonstrates a transition between the two.

“In Germany and France there appears to be two separate hand axe traditions, with clear boundaries, indicating completely separate, independent developments,” Dr Ruebens commented.

“The transition zone in Belgium and Northern France indicates contact between the different groups of Neanderthals, which is generally difficult to identify but has been much talked about, especially in relation to later contacts with groups of modern humans.”

“This area can be seen as a melting pot of ideas where mobile groups of Neanderthals, both from the eastern and western tradition, would pass by – influencing each other’s designs and leaving behind a more varied record of bifacial tools.”

Neanderthals in the western region made symmetrical, triangular and heart-shaped hand axes, while during the same time period, in the eastern region, they produced asymmetrically shaped bifacial knives.

Source >> http://www.sci-news.com/archaeology/...res-01322.html
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Old December 19th, 2016, 05:05 AM   #43
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That's pretty interesting! So there were 2 large populations, and the one in the East had more primitive technology than those in the West. That makes more sense than absolutely all neanderthals having the Mousterian industry without any variation in all the huge territory they inhabited.
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Old June 7th, 2017, 08:34 PM   #44
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Oldest Homo sapiens fossil claim rewrites our species' history

07 June 2017

Researchers say that they have found the oldest Homo sapiens remains on record in an improbable place: Morocco.

At an archaeological site near the Atlantic coast, finds of skull, face and jaw bones identified as being from early members of our species have been dated to about 315,000 years ago. That indicates H. sapiens appeared more than 100,000 years earlier than thought: most researchers have placed the origins of our species in East Africa about 200,000 years ago.

The finds, which are published on 7 June in Nature, do not mean that H. sapiens originated in North Africa. Instead, they suggest that the species' earliest members evolved all across the continent, scientists say.

http://www.nature.com/news/oldest-ho...istory-1.22114


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Old June 9th, 2017, 02:50 AM   #45
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Morocco fossils push back the timeline on human origins



Fossilized remains found in Morocco might belong to our 300,000-year-old ancestors.

The skulls and bones could represent the earliest known fossils of Homo sapiens, the human species to which we all belong, scientists said in two new studies published Wednesday.

If true, the findings would mean that our species originated at least 100,000 years earlier than previously thought. The results could also bring more clarity to our still-fuzzy understanding of how, where, and when humans evolved in Africa.

Until now, the earliest fossil attributed to a modern form of H. sapiens was about 195,000 years old and came from Ethiopia. Many anthropologists believe that all living humans descended from a population living in East Africa around that time, and that our modern human biology appeared relatively rapidly.

https://www.yahoo.com/news/300-000-o...170044488.html
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Old July 9th, 2017, 08:50 PM   #46
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Originally Posted by Guajiro1 View Post
That's pretty interesting! So there were 2 large populations, and the one in the East had more primitive technology than those in the West. That makes more sense than absolutely all neanderthals having the Mousterian industry without any variation in all the huge territory they inhabited.
hello yes interesting.....homo sapiens did not exterminate homo neanderthalis.....they live together only during 5.000 years ...
perhaps war between the neanderthals was the cause of their extinction or extermination ???
perhaps He was not able to adapt itself to his natural environment...
the modern human being has 2 or 3 % of the neanderthals genetic heritage.
i think There were crossings between both human races......matings between neanderthals and homo sapiens...In long term fatal for neanderthalis ????
Did he master the fire or Did he eat too much meat?....homo sapiens was at first vegan frugal.......
neanderthalis in europe -250.000 to -30.000 and homo sapiens from -35.000 to 2017......

please i have a question : do we have a thread about archeology ? thanks !

Last edited by tuktoyaktuk; July 9th, 2017 at 08:55 PM.
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Old July 20th, 2017, 08:14 AM   #47
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Rock find 'rewrites' Australian human history

Archaeologists have found the first evidence to suggest that Aboriginal people have been in Australia for at least 65,000 years.

The discovery indicates their arrival on the continent was up to 18,000 years earlier than previously thought.

It was made after sophisticated artefacts were excavated from a rock shelter in the Northern Territory.

Read more: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-australia-40651473


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Old July 21st, 2017, 06:16 AM   #48
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Quote:
Originally Posted by tuktoyaktuk View Post
hello yes interesting.....homo sapiens did not exterminate homo neanderthalis.....they live together only during 5.000 years ...
perhaps war between the neanderthals was the cause of their extinction or extermination ???
perhaps He was not able to adapt itself to his natural environment...
the modern human being has 2 or 3 % of the neanderthals genetic heritage.
i think There were crossings between both human races......matings between neanderthals and homo sapiens...In long term fatal for neanderthalis ????
Did he master the fire or Did he eat too much meat?....homo sapiens was at first vegan frugal.......
neanderthalis in europe -250.000 to -30.000 and homo sapiens from -35.000 to 2017......

please i have a question : do we have a thread about archeology ? thanks !
But don't you find it a strange coincidence that the neanderthals lived for 200000 years with no problems and disappeared just 5000 years after homo sapiens came along? I find it very likely one exterminated the other. That would fit well with the long history of homo sapiens exterminating large mammals every time he entered a new continent.
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Old July 21st, 2017, 12:25 PM   #49
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Or it was a little different. Neanderthals were already in decline so Homo sapiens was able to settle north of Africa.

Anyway, people back then probably didn't think of Neanderthals as different species. Just other human tribes.

If Neanderthals lived today, we wouldn't consider them different species either. Just another human race.
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Old July 24th, 2017, 03:02 PM   #50
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^ Not too long ago, Europeans considered sub-saharan Africans as an inferior species of some sort despite only minor physical differences. Neanderthals looked probably far more different.. Whether they were considered another species depends on how friendly we were to cultural and ethnic diversity in those days.. I'll bet not very much.
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Old July 24th, 2017, 08:28 PM   #51
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Quote:
Originally Posted by princeofseoul View Post
But don't you find it a strange coincidence that the neanderthals lived for 200000 years with no problems and disappeared just 5000 years after homo sapiens came along? I find it very likely one exterminated the other. That would fit well with the long history of homo sapiens exterminating large mammals every time he entered a new continent.
Maybe extermination but it could also be absorption. Neanderthals lived in small populations, usually 10 to 15 family members. They had few kids. Modern humans lived in larger tribes and had more kids. So it is possible that after humans arrived they multiplied very quickly overwhelming Neanderthals by shear numbers and simply absorbed them into their own populations witch would explain the Neanderthal DNA found in modern humans in Europe and Asia. There is really no evidence of warfare in humans or Neanderthals from that far back. Most archeologists believe that warfare only started with farming and the settlement of land, when people felt that they had something to protect, and others felt that they had something to take no matter the risk.
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Old December 9th, 2017, 04:07 AM   #52
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https://www.pinterest.com/pin/291959988319538147/
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Old December 12th, 2017, 04:28 AM   #53
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http://balkhandshambhala.blogspot.hr/2015/02/?m=1
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Old December 27th, 2017, 11:36 AM   #54
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https://bare5.com/2012/02/21/humans-dinos-chimps-oh-my/
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Old March 12th, 2018, 10:50 AM   #55
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http://atlasofhumanevolution.com/Australopithecus.asp


http://atlasofhumanevolution.com/Australopithecus.asp


http://atlasofhumanevolution.com/Australopithecus.asp


http://atlasofhumanevolution.com/homoerectus.asp


http://atlasofhumanevolution.com/HomoErectus.asp


http://atlasofhumanevolution.com/HomoErectus.asp


http://atlasofhumanevolution.com/HomoErectus.asp


http://atlasofhumanevolution.com/HomoErectus.asp


http://atlasofhumanevolution.com/HomoErectus.asp


http://atlasofhumanevolution.com/HomoSapiens.asp


http://atlasofhumanevolution.com/HomoSapiens.asp
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