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Old April 18th, 2012, 08:07 AM   #41
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Lanco Solar completes 56MW solar PV plants to the grid in Gujarat

Lanco Solar, a fully owned subsidiary of Lanco Infratech Limited, announced that it has completed a total of 56MW Grid connected solar photovoltaic (PV) power plants in Gujarat. This includes three plants of 35 MW owned by Lanco Infratech Ltd and additional 21 MW built as turnkey EPC for other developers – the Gujarat Power Corporation Ltd (5MW), GSPC Pipavav Power Company Ltd (5MW), GHI Energy Pvt Ltd (10 MW) and Gujarat State Electricity Corporation Ltd (1MW).

These Power Plants will generate up to 90 million units of green electricity annually resulting in reduction of CO2 emissions by 85757 tonnes annually. “We came to Gujarat in 2009 to explore the possibility of setting up our solar business here. The visionary approach of the Hon’ble Chief Minister and the attitude of Government of Gujarat have been very positive for promotion of solar energy,” said Mr. V. Saibaba, CEO Lanco Solar.

Mr. Saibaba added that Gujarat was at the forefront of solar development in the country today, with its excellent solar radiation, progressive solar policies and conducive business environment, and his company was looking forward to continued growth over its existing 56 MW in the state.

GPCL partnered with Lanco for its 5 MW PV Project in Solar Park. The project was set up in record time, fully meets our expectations. Lanco also happens to be the first developer to deliver a 5MW solar project in Gujarat and has been consistent in delivering projects within timelines in Gujarat. “We would be happy to see more solar players like Lanco flourishing in Gujarat, going forward,” said Mr. D. J Pandian – Gujarat Principal Secretary for Energy.

Gujarat Solar Park is Asia’s largest solar park in Gujarat being dedicated bythe Chief Minister of Gujarat, Mr. Narendra Modi, to the nation on April 19, 2012. The Park is the “first of its kind in the world, being the largest, multi-developer, multi-facility park to encourage investment in the sector. Lanco is happy to be part of this prestigious solar park community in Gujarat,” said Mr. Madhusudhan Rao, Chairman, Lanco Group.
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Old April 18th, 2012, 01:05 PM   #42
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Old April 18th, 2012, 01:16 PM   #43
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Delegates from 11 countries, Consul General of America and Singapore to attend the Gujarat solar park event

600 MW Solar power project dedication Ceremony on 19th of April, 2012 will be followed by the India Solar Investment and Technology Summit and Exhibition to be held at Mahatma Mandir, Gandhinagar on 2O and 21 April, 2012. The Summit will have large number of Indian and Foreign Speakers and Delegates.

The Summit will have sessions and discussions on global solar market, investment opportunities in India, financing of solar industry, use of technology, infrastructure and innovation for successful projects, potential for solar R&D and technology development, and the future of Indian solar sector.

Meanwhile, according to the state officials, the ceremony of dedication of 600 MW solar power projects will be attended by the large community of international delegates including Peter Haas ,Counsel General of United State to India, Mr. Dana Younger , Chief Renewable Energy Specialist, International Finance Corporation (lFC),Wor|d Bank Group, USA, Mr. Peter Ballinger, Director, Clean Energy Finance, Renewable Overseas Finance investment Corporation (OPIC), USA, and Mr. Naoki Sakai, Sr. Climate Change Specialist, Asian Development Bank and Counsel General of Singapore to India, to name a few.

The Delegates from Australia, Canada, China, Germany, Italy, Hongkong, Singapore, UK and United State of America will attend this ceremony.
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Old April 18th, 2012, 01:18 PM   #44
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Old April 18th, 2012, 01:20 PM   #45
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Charanka based solar park
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Old April 19th, 2012, 05:31 AM   #46
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Ajay Devgn announces completion of his Solar plant in Gujarat

Mr. Ramakant J. Tibrewala of the Roha Group, Mr. Ajay Devgn and Mr. Kumar Mangat announced the completion of a 25MW Solar Plant during a press conference held yesterday at Chandigarh, India.

The triumvirate panel congratulated the Honorable Chief Minister, Shri. Narendraji Modi for achieving the herculean task of completing the State of Art Solar Park and also for ensuring the installation of 600MW of Solar Power Plants.

The Solar Project, located in Charanaka, Patan District, Gujarat, is a Joint Venture between the Roha Group, Mr. Ajay Devgn and Mr. Kumar Mangat. The Charanaka Solar Project was installed and started operating on 31st December, 2011, in a record time of 8 months (4 weeks before the deadline of January 28, 2012). The state-of-the-art plant is unique in its own way and has been built using the most advanced technologies.

The Roha Group has long been known for its pre-disposition to quality and attention to detail in every industry it enters. Established in the year 1972 at ROHA, India, The Roha Group is a big player in investments & wealth management, food distribution, paints, fertilisers, filtration machine manufacture, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals colours market. Today, the Group’s turnover exceeds US$200 million. Sixteen Offices and dedicated production lines, along with application labs that provide cutting edge technical support across 5 continents (120 countries) have made Roha a byword in the colour industry.

Now, the Group is expanding into infrastructure and is doing so in accordance with one of the core values, “To care for and safe guard the environment”. The first major step in conserving natural resources was taken by installing 7.5 MW wind mills in Sangli, Maharashtra, in CY 2007.

Another huge step in this direction has been the completion of a 25 MW Solar Power Plant using Thin Film Technology, located at Patan, Gujarat.

The Charanaka Solar Park will be formally inaugurated by Honorable Chief Minister Shri Narendraji Modi in Gujarat on April 19, 2012, the first day of the 2-day Indian Solar Summit 2012, further strengthening Gujarat’s position as a global solar power hub.

The much-awaited announcement of Gujarat Phase III Solar Policy during the summit will unveil the state’s plans for making the state an international solar hub not only for generation but also for manufacturing solar power equipment and solar energy-related research and development.

Already, the Govt. of Gujarat has done much to make the state a global Solar power hub. An innovative and pro-industry approach under the strong leadership of Hon. Chief Minister, Shri Narendraji Modi, a clearly spelled out Solar Policy, excellent grid infrastructure for evacuation of power, fast track clearances and helpful Govt. Depts., along with excellent infrastructure.

The Indian Solar Summit 2012 (ISIT 2012) will see the presence of senior government officials, leading solar cell manufacturers, module manufacturers, equipment suppliers and solar developers from all over the world. The main focus of the summit will be the latest industrial policies, progress of India’s major solar projects and advanced technological solutions & equipment selection. The strategic points to be discussed during the conference will be investment opportunities, potential in Indian market for technology providers & manufacturers of solar equipments and identification of the most suitable areas for solar projects in India.

All the participants of the summit will visit Charanaka on April 19 to take part in the inaugural function of the solar park, which has an installed capacity of 200 MW with the scope for further expansion of 300 MW.
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Old April 20th, 2012, 12:14 AM   #47
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Asias largest Solar Park functional in Gujarat

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A 600 MW solar power park, touted as Asia's first and largest, was Thursday dedicated to the nation by Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi in the state's Patan district, in a boost to India's efforts towards low carbon growth.

The solar power park with a power generation capacity of 600 MW, covering approximately 3,000 acres of wasteland bordering the Rann of Kutch, will generate two-thirds of India's total 900 MW of solar power production.

"Gujarat dedicates 600 MW of solar power to the nation today (Thursday). We are celebrating the launch of Agni V & dedication of 600 MW solar power park in Gujarat," Modi said on micro blogging site twitter.

According to the Gujarat government, the solar project will lead to a reduction in carbon dioxide emissions to the tune of eight million tonnes and save 900,000 tonnes of natural gas annually.

Under its Solar Power Policy, the state government had signed memorandums of understanding for generation of 968.5 MW of solar power by the end of this year.

Other projects will be developed at Anand, Banaskantha, Jamnangar, Junagadh, Kutch, Porbandar, Rajkot, Surat and Surendranagar.

The Gujarat Solar Park is an innovative concept of the state government to promote solar installations in which it allocated developed land to the project developers with the entire infrastructure, including power evacuation, roads and water for commissioning of the power project put on fast track.

Gujarat will also host the 'India Solar Summit 2012: Investment and Technology Expo' in Gandhinagar April 20 and 21.
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Old April 20th, 2012, 12:17 AM   #48
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Gujarat has attracted Rs 8000Cr investment in Solar Energy

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Over the last decade, Gujarat has emerged a power-surplus State and carried electricity to nearly all of its 18,000 villages through the Jyotigram Yojana.

Most of its areas now have a round-the-clock electricity supply. Its biggest cities such as Ahmedabad and Surat are lighted by the private sector and its state electricity board had come out of the red in 2006. Clearly, electricity availability and reforms in power sector have gone a long way in making the Gujarat miracle.

Mr D.J. Pandian, Principal Secretary (Energy), has been one of the architects of this phenomenon. Known in the business circles as Gujarat's “Energy Czar”, he is the man behind the State's energy projects. He also nursed the Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University, Gandhinagar, when he headed the GSPC Group.

Here, he speaks to Business Line on how solar energy has arrived in Gujarat. Excerpts:
  • What are the installed capacity and current production of thermal energy in Gujarat?

  • We have an installed capacity of 13,500 MW and now produce 11,000 MW.

  • How does the per megawatt installation costs differ in solar and thermal energy?

  • Our installed solar energy capacity is 604.8 MW, that includes 214 MW at the Solar Park in Patan and 390 MW in other districts. While thermal power plants come at Rs 3.5 crore (gas-based) to Rs 5 crore (coal-based) per mw, solar plants are installed at Rs 10-11 crore per MW of capital cost. But the solar plants have no variable costs as they require to bear no fuel costs thereafter. Also, we can now sell both gas-based and solar-based power at Rs 7-8 per unit, but the latter is free of the uncertainties of gas-availability and, in the long term, more dependable and cheaper.

  • How much investment has Gujarat, which now produces two-thirds of solar power in India, attracted in the development of solar power?

  • Nearly Rs 8,000 crore. And we hope to do more with further development of solar power in the Patan complex and elsewhere.

  • What is the USP of this park?

  • We have so far acquired 3,000 acres of government land for the development of 214 MW of solar power by different companies, which were allotted 250 MW capacity in 2008. The solar power capacity at Patan is estimated at 500 MW. We are now trying to acquire some private land as well to achieve this capacity.

  • In view of the availability of mainly wasteland, is Gujarat planning to add another solar power park in the near future?

  • Yes, we have identified some land in Banaskantha district as well and, hopefully, we would soon take a decision.
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Old April 20th, 2012, 01:00 AM   #49
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Great effort by DG for recording this TV9 broadcast, havent watched it all (over 1hr!) but looks like they list out all the companies that have set up in Charanka, so the first post of this thread will be updated with that info!

Charanka Solar Park opening function: video

Quote:


Presented above is video recording of live telecast of Charanka solar park opening function. The video begins with minister of state for Energy, Gujarat Shri Saurabh Patel’s speech. Next is the Chief Minister presenting certificates of completion of projects to representatives of various companies. Later couple of company owners speak on their experience with Gujarat. This is followed by the speeches of foreign dignitaries including an ADB representative and Consul General of America Mr. Peter Haas. Finally there’s a speech of Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi, first in English, and later part in Hindi. Total video is 1.21 hour long.


Ahmedabad, 19 April, 2012


In what can be called as Gujarat’s quantum leap in the field of solar power generation the Chief Minister Narendra Modi dedicated 600 MW solar power projects to the nation today. These projects include solar power plants at the Asia’s largest solar park at Charnka village as well as solar units at ten other places in Gujarat.

Spread in 3000 acre land the ‘Gujarat Solar Park’ at Charnka has been set up in line with the vision of Chief Minister Narendra Modi. The foundation of the park was laid by Mr. Modi in December 2010. Around 21 national and international companies have invested in the park. The 500 MW solar park has been made functional in a record time of just one year.

The Chief Minister took a panoramic view of the entire solar park from a huge tower. He greeted the US Consul General Mr. Peter Hesh and the office bearers of ADB and IFC and congratulated the owners of the developer companies for being part of this historic project.

Speaking on the occasion the Chief Minister said, when the entire world is engulfed by the problem of climate change, it is Gujarat’s dream to demonstrate before the world an example of climate justice. “This achievement is not merely a step in the direction of power conservation but it provides the world with a vision that how the power needs of the future generations can be solved in an environment-friendly manner”, he said.

When Gujarat was ready with its own solar energy policy for the first time in the country, Mr. Modi said, the Central government was mulling the nation’s solar policy just on a primary level. “Due to the efforts made by the Gujarat government, the cost of solar power has come down to Rs.8.50 per unit from Rs.15 per unit”, he said. He exuded faith this cost will further go down to rupees four per unit in future once the supply of solar power gets increase.

Speaking about the State government’s future moves in the solar sector the Chief Minister said the government has planned to come up with roof-top solar power policy. This will enable a common man to generate solar power by putting solar panel on the roof of his house and sell the power to the State government. “Gujarat contributes 66% of the nation’s total solar power generation. Though the State has already become power surplus, a budget of Rs.2000 crore has been allocated for the developments in the field of renewable energy”, said the Chief Minister.

Mr. Modi recalled that the nation had launched its first space shuttle ‘Soyuz-1’ and the first satellite ‘Aryabhatt’ on April 19. “Today is the day of pride for India as the nation launched Agni-5 today and the Asia’s largest power plant has also been dedicated to the nation today”, he said.

This desert area, facing the borders of Pakistan, has seen a socio-economic turnaround with the development in solar sector. This, otherwise an arid region, has emerged as a top power producer in the country, he said.

In coming time the world will have to face scarcity of conventional energy resources like coal and gas. At such times, Gujarat has opened up a door of prosperity for future generation by focusing on solar and wind power generation. “The state has taken a giant leap and achieved a goal of 18,000 MW of power generation just in a decade, against the 4000 MW of power generation of the past”, Mr. Modi said.

The Chief Minister expressed faith that the State government’s initiatives in solar sector will influence the global energy market also. “The Gujarat government desires to set up solar power equipment manufacturing units on big scale, which will give employment to around thirty thousand youths”, he said.

Mr. Modi said the State government is committed to encourage innovations in the field of renewable energy. For accelerating the research in this field, he said, the Pandit Dindayal Petroleum University has started ‘School of Solar Energy’. With a view to create a skilled manpower in this field the State government has also started solar energy courses in ITIs, he added.

India can establish its stronghold in the world by harnessing solar energy for development, Mr. Modi said. He recalled that he suggested the Prime Minister to initiate and lead ‘Sun Son Movement’, in which, all the country that have high solar radiation will participate. “But this requires a strong political will. It is unfortunate that the present rulers of government of India do not desire to realize this dream”, he said.

US Consul General Mr. Peter Hesh said that the developed nations are also eager to invest and partner Gujarat in various fields including solar energy, which is a proof of Gujarat’s global recognition.

Radhanpur MLA Shankar Chaudhary, GEDA Chairman I.M.Bhavsar, Senior Climate Change Specialist of Asian Development Bank Mr. Naoki Sakai, Mr. Dana Yangar of International Finance Corporation, Principal Secretary to Energy Mr. Pandiyan, government officials, owners of solar energy firms, local leaders and villagers were present on the occasion.
Truly a landmark day for Gujarat,

To put into perspective against the historic performance of leading Solar nations, Gujarats current Solar capacity of 604MW was reached by:

Japan in 2001
Germany in 2003
USA in 2006
Spain in 2006
Italy in 2008
China in 2009
France in 2009
Greece in 2009
Belgium in 2010
Czech Rep in 2010
South Korea in 2011
Australia in 2011

Largest Solar Park in the world currently is a 354MW one in California, USA.
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Old April 23rd, 2012, 03:05 AM   #50
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x posting from India renewable energy thread

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Originally Posted by Illusionist View Post


Quote:
Indian workers give the finishing touches to India's first 1MW canal-top solar power plant at Chandrasan village of Mehsana district, some 45 kms from Ahmedabad on World Earth Day, April 22, 2012. This solar power plant on a 750 metre stretch of the Sanand Branch Canal of Sardar Sarovar Project will generate some 1.6 million units of clean electricity per year and will also prevent evaporation of some 90 lakh litres of water per year from the canal. The project has been developed by the Gujarat State Electricity Corporation Limited (GSECL) and is scheduled to be dedicated by Gujarat state Chief Minister, Narendra Modi on April 24, 2012.






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Old April 23rd, 2012, 04:06 AM   #51
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this is a great idea.
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Old April 23rd, 2012, 11:31 AM   #52
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Gujarat eyes 10,000 MW solar power generation; State is expected to create 50% of the total capacity of 20,000 MW targeted by Centre

Gujarat would have to achieve around 10,000 MW of solar power generation capacity if the country was to achieve its target of 20,000-MW capacity by 2022, a senior official said on Friday.
“The Centre has set a target of 20,000 MW of solar power capacity by 2022. Being a leading state, Gujarat is expected to create 50% of this capacity. Gujarat’s main focus now is on solar energy,” DJ Pandian, principal secretary, energy & petrochemicals department, said.
Pandian was speaking at the inaugural session of the two-day ‘Indian Solar Investment & Technology Summit’, being held at Mahatma Mandir in Gandhinagar. He also stressed on the need to bring down the cost of solar power.
Addressing the summit, former power minister Suresh Prabhu, said that tapping renewable energy is important to achieve energy security for the country.
“Gujarat has made a significant achievement with 600 MW of solar power generation capacity in a very short span. India has enormous potential for renewable energy and there is certainly a need to tap this,” Prabhu said.
The former minister also said that this could help in solving the problem of huge current account deficit, as the energy import bill constitutes a major chunk of the country’s overall import bill.
A report on ‘Integrated Renewable Resource Atlas for Gujarat’, prepared by TERI, was also released during the session.
Unveiling the report, Dr Leena Shrivastava, vice-chancellor, TERI, said that Gujarat has a potential of generating 750 giga-watt of power from renewable energy sources.
At the summit, attended by solar energy players from several countries, experts also emphasised on the need for transparent regulatory norms, particularly effective tariff policy, liberal financing norms, and extensive R&D for growth of the solar energy sector.
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Old April 23rd, 2012, 06:56 PM   #53
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Old April 25th, 2012, 06:32 AM   #54
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Gujarat begins research on generating power from flowing canal water with micro turbines – Narendra Modi

Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi today dedicated world’s first-of-its-kind ‘Canal Top Solar Power’ Pilot Project to generate electricity from solar panels placed on Narmada Main Canal (NMC) at a function near Chandrasan in Kadi taluka in Mehsana district.

Speaking on the occasion, he said that one-km long panel would generate about one megawatt of power or 16 lakh units of electricity annually. Plan is to set up series of such solar panels along the entire length of the 458-km long NMC, starting from Sardar Sarovar Project (SSP) dam on the Narmada near Madhya Pradesh border to Rajasthan border.

He said that solar panels fitted on canals are known to generate 16% more electricity. This pilot project would also save acquiring land at the rate of six acres to generate one MW of electricity. It is expected to cost about Rs.8 to Rs.8.50 per unit.

In a confluence of solar and hydro powers, Mr. Modi said that research has begun on generating hydroelectricity from flowing canal water by installing micro turbines on the surface of the water.

While the world searching for an answer to the specter of global warming, he said, Gujarat Government has found the answer through a generating green energy from renewable sources of energy. The world will have to take note of it.

Mr. Modi said that Gujarat has earlier implemented ‘Jyoti Gram Yojna’ through 24×7 hours 3-phase electricity supply across the state in a span of 1,000 days. He said that 600 MW solar power park project inaugurated earlier at Charanka would save about 7.5-lakh tones of coal worth Rs. 125-crore at current prices, and another Rs.135-crore on freight, which in 25 years total up to Rs.6,500-crore.

Urban Development Minister Nitin Patel said Kadi and Sanand talukas would get lion share in this canal top solar power project.

Minister of State for Energy Saurabh Patel said that Gujarat Government provides about 70 crore units of electricity to farmers in the state every day and bears a subsidy of about Rs.3,000-crore subsidy annually. About one lakh new electricity connection would be provided during the year, he said.

Prominent among those present on the occasion included Revenue and Mehsana District Guardian Minister Anandiben Patel, State Planning Board Chairman Bhupendrasinh Chudasma, MP Natuji Takor, MLAs and officials, SSNNL Director Vasant Raval, Energy and Petroleum Secretary B.J. Pandianand SSNNL Managing Director Jagdeesan.
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Old April 25th, 2012, 07:07 AM   #55
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Azure Power to develop to develop 2.5 MW rooftop solar power project in Gujarat



Azure Power, a Delhi-based independent solar power producer, has bagged a contract to develop India’s first mega watt-scale rooftop solar power project in Gujarat with an investment of Rs 30 crore.

Azure Power was selected for this project through a competitive bidding process conducted by Gujarat Energy Research and Management Institute (GERMI). To be set up under the Gandhinagar Photovoltaic Rooftop Program (GPRP), the project will include a mix of government and private rooftops in Gandhinagar accounting to around 60 buildings.

According to Inderpreet Wadhwa, CEO at Azure Power, this will be the first-of-its-kind project in India where the energy from aggregated roof¬top portfolio is sold to one off-taker. It has an attractive angle for the rooftop owners through a revenue sharing arrangement for 25 years. The state utilities having PPAs with the state government will off-take solar power at Rs 11 per unit and pay Rs 3 per unit to rooftop owners who install solar equipment.

Speaking about government’s inititiative in the roofrop power generation prgramme, Mr. D J Pandian, Principal Secretary (Energy), Gujarat government said that the GPRP is expected to revolutionise solar power generation on rooftops in Gandhinagar and then in the State. He said that under this model of power generation, 80 per cent of government buildings and 20 per cent of residential premises would be covered.

We have already discussed this project. But, this article has info on PPA.
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Old May 2nd, 2012, 12:38 PM   #56
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IFC to help Gujarat replicate rooftop solar project in 5 more cities

The International Finance Corporation (IFC), a member of the World Bank, will support Gujarat in the replication in five cities of the rooftop solar project, completed last month in Gandhinagar, in order to improve access to power and reduce air pollution from the burning of wood and fossil fuels.

The two pilot projects of 2.5 MW each demonstrated the viability of generating solar power through a grid-interactive system on rooftops, and will serve as a model for roll-out in the cities of Bhavnagar, Mehsana, Rajkot, Surat and Vadodara.

IFC is also developing a policy framework for the replication of the rooftop solar concept based on the experience gained in Gandhinagar, said Ms Anita M. George, IFC Director for Infrastructure in Asia, in a statement on Wednesday.

This programme is the first of its kind in India and aims to be a benchmark for green energy generation at the household level. The two pilot projects will produce nearly nine million units of clean energy and help to avoid 6,000 tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions every year. The project will also help to mobilise private sector investment of around $12-14 million.

Gujarat is pioneering the adoption and promotion of clean energy by installing rooftop solar plants in the State, she said, adding the project will provide economic opportunities to the local residents, whose rooftops would be used for the installation of solar panels.

Mr D. Jagatheesa Pandian, Principal Secretary in the state Energy and Petrochemicals Department, said that IFC’s support will help Gujarat implement the rooftop solar power generation project and make it the preferred destination for solar projects in India. Successful implementation of the business model for the rooftop solar project in Gujarat would encourage similar models to be adopted in India and elsewhere in the region, he added.
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Old May 4th, 2012, 05:50 PM   #57
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Couple of vids with SunEdison MD (south asia) talking about the Narmada Canal project

English


Hindi


Another interesting feature he mentions is that canal water will reduce the temperature of the Solar Panals (compared to ground mounted solar installations), which will help to increase efficiency of the panels as well.
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Old May 6th, 2012, 09:59 AM   #58
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Quote:
Originally Posted by krishnaswamy View Post
Despite falling cost of solar power generation, it will survive on subsidies
The April 28, 2012, issue of The Economist has a story on India's solar power and mentions Charanka village in Patan district, Gujarat. Solar energy can be converted into electricity, using photovoltaics, or can be converted into heat. (There are other technologies too, but those aren't important yet.)

So far, solar thermal, or heating, in India has essentially meant solar cookers and water heaters, though it needn't stay that way. Using concentrating solar power (CSP) technology, there are large solar thermal power plants in US and Spain, and Rajasthan (if not Haryana ) might have some soon.

Since January 2010, we have had a Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM). It is a separate matter that this is under the ministry of new and renewable energy, which is an incremental silo, not quite integrated into the ministry of power. All new and renewable energy initiatives have, until recently, been cosmetic. There are missions because you want to be seen doing something for the environment, not because you are particularly serious. (This has changed a bit, but more on that later.)

JNNSM has a target of 20,000 mw of grid-connected solar power by 2022, compared to around 1,000 mw now. That grid-connected qualification is important. There are at least 50,000, if not more, villages that can never be connected through grids. It isn't viable. Population sizes are small. Terrain is difficult and remote.

For those, there are community-level or household-level off-grid solutions like stand-alone power plants, water-pumping and solar lighting. It doesn't work quite that way in developed countries, where stuff is generally through the grid. Off-grid also means you need to figure out what to do with surplus power, since it can't be pumped out and storage isn't easy.

Eventually, with development and urbanisation, these backward areas will be integrated and mainstreamed. But till then, solar power drive is no different from other inclusion packages, including financial inclusion. We can't give everyone access to banks, so let us try and work through business correspondents.

On-grid requires conversion from DC to AC since solar cells produce DC power, and separate metering (say, if solar power is drawn from a roof top). There are also the Electricity Act (2003), National Electricity Policy (2005), Tariff Policy, Indian Electricity Grid Code (2010), National Action Plan of Climate Change (2008) and recommendations of CEC and SEC. Consequently, there is a renewable purchase obligation. This isn't only for solar energy and there are state-wise variations.

For instance, Tamil Nadu has a high level of renewable purchase obligation. Mandating something serves no purpose, unless it makes economic sense. That's what has changed. When was solar power talked about first? Not now, but in 1860s, when people thought coal would run out. Coal didn't run out and there was petroleum. So, we forgot about it till 1970s. As India, we have begun to talk about it again now, because there is a balance of payments issue, power shortages are constraining growth, coal shortages are pervasive, imported coal is expensive and there is no natural gas.
With growth and economic development and resultant demand, the price of conventional power has increased and will continue to do so. For solar power, there can be large fixed costs. Let's forget those and look at costs of generating power.

JNNSM has three phases: Phase I (till 2012-13), Phase II (2013-17 ) and Phase III (2017-22 ). In Phase I, independent power producers were invited to bid and sign power purchase agreements through reverse auctions. In first round of bidding under Phase I, regardless of whether one is talking about solar photovoltaics or solar thermal, prices were a shade over Rs 10 per kWh. With conventional power costs increasing to Rs 6 per kWh, we were headed towards grid parity - where prices of conventional and renewable power are identical - but weren't there yet. We would get there by 2022, if not earlier.

The second round of bidding under Phase II changed the timeline. Solar power was down to Rs 7.49 per kWh and we are already approaching grid parity. Scepticism is understandable. Is this - anything below Rs 10 per kWh - real and sustainable? Is it just a market entry device, driven by excess capacity abroad? Is it a scam?

The Gujarat model is different. Gujarat Power Corporation has been the nodal agency for solar power since 2009. In addition to individual initiatives, since 2010, there has been the Charanka solar park. Charanka has a capacity of 214 mw, and if one adds non-Charanka, Gujarat has solar projects with a total capacity of 968.50 mw. This is capacity.

It doesn't mean that projects have been commissioned yet. A little over 300 mw has been commissioned. A little less than 300 mw is ready and awaits transmission lines. But the key difference lies elsewhere, and not just in fast-track clearances in Gujarat. Grid-based solar power will be paid Rs 15 per kWh for the first 12 years and Rs 5 per kWh for subsequent 13 years, with a total span of 25 years. There are separate tariffs for delayed projects, but that isn't pertinent.

In other words, unlike JNNSM bidding, there is a subsidy and this makes solar projects viable. What does this do to finances of the state utility and where does subsidy come from? These are related and, essentially, there is a green cess on generation of non-renewable energy. So, we come back to the basic question: how important will solar power ever be - it will probably taper off at around 7% of total energy - and will it ever be viable without a subsidy?
Good effort by NM in Gujarat. But, I have a question. When central government is able to purchase power from producers for 7.44 and 10 per KWH, why Gujarat government is purchasing power for 15/KWH for the first 12 years. Also, I read somewhere that in some states, it is ~7/KWH. Can some one explain the logic in this difference in Gujarat, in spite of the Gujarat government doing lots for power project developers in infrastructure like roads, transmission, easy clearance of projects, etc... Technically Gujarat should quote a lower price than JNNSM.
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Old May 6th, 2012, 01:35 PM   #59
GJ10
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Well, as is highlighted in that post, that original tariff was Rs 15 for 12 years followed by 13yrs of just Rs5, so in total works out to at Rs 9.8 over a 25yr period. This was a special tariff for projects completed before 1st Jan 2012 (later the deadline got extended to 1st Feb 2012) Logic of this is to encourage companies to go for Gujarat rather than Central Scheme, as companies can recover more of their start-up costs faster in Gujarat compared to elsewhere.

As was posted earlier, any new solar plant in Gujarat will get a considerably lower tariff (link)

Intro Tariff to Mar 2012 = Rs 15 x 12yrs and Rs 5 for 13 yrs = Average Rs 9.8
Mar 2012 to 31 Mar 2013 = Rs 9.28 x 12yrs and Rs 7 for 13 yrs = Average Rs 8.09
Apr 2013 to 31 Mar 2014 = Rs 8.63 x 12yrs and Rs 7 for 13 yrs = Average Rs 7.78
Apr 2014 to 31 Mar 2015 = Rs 8.03 x 12yrs and Rs 7 for 13 yrs = Average Rs 7.49

So there is not as much difference now between the tariffs of Gujarat and the Central Govt scheme. 600MW may not sound like much when we on SSCI are used to reading about 4000MW UMPPs etc, but for Solar Power, 600MW is really quite significant on a global scale. The aim will surely be that by now the global Solar industry has taken notice and put Gujarat firmly on its radar.
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Old May 7th, 2012, 07:03 AM   #60
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Thanks GJ10.

Good to see that it is not as high as I initially thought. Still I feel NM can quote a lower price, coz, there is good infra and a good investment climate. At least from now onwards, coz, now Gujarat is on the world solar map.
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