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Old April 9th, 2007, 03:54 PM   #21
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Quote:
Originally Posted by .oreo. View Post

Chcel som to tiez navrhnut ale viem o com asi tie poznamky boli...Nechce sa mi na tomto fore hadat o nejakom hornom uhorsku..A mozno sa mylim, co by som bol najradsej..
nastastie sa mylis, poprosil som mamu, nech mi to prelozi a nebolo to nic hrozne, ziadnych 64 zup
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Old April 10th, 2007, 09:06 AM   #22
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Quote:
Originally Posted by fortuneman View Post
nastastie sa mylis, poprosil som mamu, nech mi to prelozi a nebolo to nic hrozne, ziadnych 64 zup
Tak to som naozaj uprimne rad..Len mi potom nejde do hlavy,ked to nebolo nic podobneho charakteru, preco sa to nedalo napisat aj po anglicky...
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Old April 18th, 2007, 03:05 PM   #23
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Military observing tower built during Turkish offences in 1564. Tower is located near Krupina town.

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Old April 18th, 2007, 08:46 PM   #24
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Beautiful! I love this one!
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Old April 18th, 2007, 10:31 PM   #25
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Beautiful! I love this one!
Me either..I wanted to post it at "skinniest skyscraper" thread
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Old April 18th, 2007, 11:18 PM   #26
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Old April 26th, 2007, 04:46 PM   #27
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Wooden churches in Slovakia

Unique wooden churches are found in Slovakia. Very specific was the way they were built - all parts had to be made of wood and no nails were allowed. According to historical records there were more than 300 wooden churches in Slovakia. Their architecture combined elements of the western, mainly Roman Catholic tradition and of the Byzantine culture. At present, there are around 50 sacred monuments which were built during the 16th - 18th century.

The oldest preserved Roman Catholic wooden churches are inspired by the Gothic style: Trnove (1500) in Zilina district, Tvrdosin (15th cent. ) and the church in Zábrezie (1647), which was transfered to the open-air Museum Orava Village in Zuberec, Orava Region. The only chapel included as a national cultural monument is that of Roman Catholic is Hervartov in the Bardejov district.

The newer Protestant prayer houses are also unique, incorporating a Greek-cross plan. They were built after Emperor Leopold I. had decreed the articles of faith in 1681. The church buildings had to be made of wood only. In Slovakia there are 5 such churches. They are located in Lestiny and Istebne (Orava Region), in Kezmarok (Spis Region), in Hronsek (Horehronie Region) and in Svaty Kriz - Paludza (Liptov Region).

The wooden churches in the Orthodox tradition - Greek Catholic (tserkvas, eastern Byzantine, Orthodox, Ruthenian, Ruthenian Ukrainian, Ukrainian and under.), which were built during the 17th - 19th century, form the largest group. An exception is the late 15th-century church in Trocany, Saris Region. In 1968, a group of 27 wooden churches in Saris and Horny Zemplin were declared national culture monuments. It is worth a special mention, that in most of these churches still conduct services today.

These small wooden churches all maintain a dominant position relative to the village houses. They are usually situated on higher sites, sometimes rather difficult to access, exocentric to the other buildings in the village. Small cemeteries with simple wooden, sandstone and cast-iron crosses are also included. The entire complex is enclosed by a log or stone fence with a shingled gate. In some cases a wooden bell-tower compliments the architectural complex.
The small wooden churches of Eastern Slovakia have the basic construction of a blockhouse. The construction is unique from the point of view of the ground plan design and of the formal shape of the object. This explains why they are interesting polygonal constructions in the region, rather than other than rectangular blockhouses. Originally no metal nails were used to join the logs and other parts of the building.
A characteristic feature of the small wooden church is their three rooms that symbolize the Holy Trinity. The three-room is intensified with three towers that are gradually higher towards the west.
The shingles were an exclusive building material for the roofs of religious buildings. Various geometric ornaments of carpenters or artists of wood-cut may be found on the roof and other architectural details. The decoration resulted from the installation and tapering of the shingles and lathwork. In some cases metal was used as a special decorative or functional element (railing, window and door mounting).
Iron crosses are especially interesting; they represent artistic skills of village blacksmiths.
The most expressive and common component of wooden churches is the wall of icons /iconostas - (from Greek “eikon” - picture, “stasis” – building; i.e., a wooden wall with pictures separating the altar from the main body of the church)/ that is the creative and functional core of the sacral object. A strict ordering of icons, their predetermined number and composition of topics is characteristic. In the artistic synthesis it combines architecture, fine arts and decorative woodcarving. An exhibition of valuable icons from the 16th - 18th century is displayed in the Dezider Milly Gallery in Svidnik.


Evangelical churches

Articular wooden church in Hronsek, a rare historical jewel and contains a separate wooden belfry. The history of the church itself dates back to the period of strong Catholic influence prevailing and its pressure against the Protestant religion. Count Imrich Tökoly from Kežmarok came onto the scene, with the support of the common people and the Turkish invaders and the French court rose up against the Austrian Emperor Leopold I. They forced him to call the Šopron Council in 1681 and to reconsider the Vienna Peace Treaty, confirmed in 1606 which declared the freedom of the Protestant religion. Thus, permission was granted for two churches to be built in every district (in Zvolen region-Ostra Luka and Hronsek).
The construction of the wooden church commenced on 23rd October 1725 and was consecrated on the 31st October 1726 on Martin Luther´s reformation anniversary. The nave has the form of a cross and is 8 m high, 26 m in length and 11 m wide. There are 30 windows. Vaults are barrel shaped, ionic columns are made from oak with decorative carving. Spruce and larch are used for other parts of the interior. The lower edge of the gallery has carved ornamentation, with the typical Slavic symbol - limeleaves.
The church has 1,100 seats arranged amphitheatricaly. In 1754, Master Martin Podkonicky from Banska Bystrica constructed the splendid organ (positive - without pedals). The separate belfry was built at the same time as the church, it has three bells. In front of the church stand four old time lime-trees, two of them are the same age as the church itself.




The original articulated wooden church of the Evangelic Lutheran Church was built in 1693 in the village of Paludza. During this time the number of Lutherans in the region continued to increase making it necessary to build a larger church. In March 1744, a contract was signed by a local carpenter named Jozef Lange to start construction on a larger church. The church was finished in November 1774. This is very quick considering Mr. Lange did not have a plan for the construction of the church before he started. He did not know how to read and write so his previous knowledge of carpentry was what helped him. The area of the church is 1150 square meters. The length of the church is 43 meters, including the steeple. The church has 12 doors and 72 windows. The baroque altar of the Holy Trinity is remarkable and surrounding the pictures on the beautiful wooden altar is polychrome. The altar was renovated in 1763. The base of the pulpit is a sculture of an angel. The pulpit was built by a carpenter named Lerch. On the pulpit are paintings of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. The colomns on the pulpit are characteristic of speech sculping dating from the 17th and the 18th centuries. The name of person who created the columns that is unknown. The organ was built by an organ maker named Martin Podkonicky from B. Bystrica in 1754. The chandeler was made in 1780 with glass from the city of Venezia. Around the balconies are biblical paintings. Between each biblical painting are paintings of flowers or animals. The name of the artist is unknown. The steeple was built in 1781 and is 19 metres high. The steeple had three bells dating from the end of the 18th century, but in the First World War (Great war) they were destroyed (the new bells are believe, love and hope).
The threat to the existence of thebuilding in connection with a creation of reservoir near Liptovska Mara aroused the latent interest of the Slovak public in this precious memorial and provoked a lively discussion about the possibilities of saving it. After the consideration of various alternatives an appropriate solution was found - the will to transferr it to neighbouring Svaty Kriz. It will therefore remain within the old territorial limits of Paludza, thus ensuring its safety while prerving the authenticity of the regional enviroment.
In 1974 the process of moving the church started. On 22 August 1982, close to 10 000 people attended the conseceration of the church in its new location.



A small chapel in dating back to 1686 stood originally in the place of the current wooden, articulated church of St. Michael in Istebné. In 1730, the chapel was expanded – a tower was added and crypts were built underneath the church – and so it acquired its present appearance of a Greek cross. Rare paintings are located in the interior, as well as a baroque altar with a picture of the Holy Trinity, and a pulpit in the Florentine style with statues of the evangelists. The church’s unique point is a wooden chalice, which is meant to be a reminder of old times when the life of the Orava people was poor but rich in spirit. The church is one of the most important cultural-historic landmarks of Orava. It is fully functional and serves the parishioners.


A national cultural monument is located right in the town of Leštiny – an articulated wooden church dating back to 1688-9. The building of the church was ordered by Jób Zmeškal, who was a captain of the castle guard at the Orava Castle, as well as the first “vice-administrator” in Dolný Kubín. The interior of the church is adorned with a baroque altar with polychromatic wood carvings from the early 14th century, yellow-white flowers painted on a blue background on railings from 1821, and a richly decorated pulpit from the early 18th century. The patronal pews, in which the affluent local gentlemen sat, are also a point of interest. One of Slovakia’s greatest poets – Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav – was christened in the church.




The Wooden articular church in Kežmarok was built in 1717 with the floor plan of a Greek cross without use of iron nails in baroque style. Inside, the church is like a Baroque jewel box, carved from wood and scented like a cedar closet. The roof is a continuous mural, painted sky blue with billowy white clouds and pink angels. It is one of the most evocative churches in Slovakia.


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Old April 26th, 2007, 04:48 PM   #28
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Singular: Château
Plural: Châteaux (even in English)



I corrected the thread title with the accent and the correct plural form.
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Old April 26th, 2007, 05:04 PM   #29
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I wasn´t sure about that so thank you..
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Old May 1st, 2007, 05:48 PM   #30
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Roman-Catholic churches

The Roman-Catholic Church of St.Francis in the Slovak village of German origin Hervartov (Heerwarte) has a two-part ground plan, a high tower and other features both in exterior and interior that distinguish it remarkably from Ruthenian-Ukrainian wooden churches and give it the pure Gothic character.
This wooden church is from the 15th century and represents the oldest type of wooden church in Slovakia. It is made from red spruce. The building consists of a polygonal sanctuary, nave, vestry and undertower, which was renovated to include an entry hall. The interior underwent more changes in its decoration, especially during the Reformation, when precious Reformation relics were added, e.g., wall paintings from 1665. In the 18th century some baroque decoration and late baroque painting of J.Mirejovsky from 1803 were added. The main altar, The Virgin Mary altar, St.Catherine of Alaxandria and St.Barbara altar from 1460-1470 were restored to its original form between 1985 and 1990.





The Roman Catholic Church of St. Stephen the King in Rudno is the only remaining wooden church in the region of Turiec. It was built on the location of an older Gothic church in the years 1790-1792. In 1974 it was moved to the Museum of the Slovak Village in Martin to be preserved.
This log structure with only the central nave, whose ground plan is rectangular, has a polygonal closure and narthex. A Baroque altar from 1707 dominates the interior of the church. The central triad of Late Gothic sculptures - Madonna with a child, St. Stephen the Kind, and St. Nicolas - all come from the end of the 15th century from the older church, and form the most prominent part of the church's interior. The sides of the altar feature large Baroque sculptures of St. Peter and St. Paul from the latter half of the 18th century. The patrons' bench in the apse was reserved for members of the aristocracy. The pulpit from the 17th century is decorated with sculptures of the Evangelists. The inner lining of the church's walls is covered with a painting with traits of illusory architecture, filled with marbling. Its author is Liborius Lazar from Nitrianske Pravno (1792).




The church of St. George is sitauted in the Žilina city part Trnové. The first news written of the church dates to 1583. It is the wooden church with one nave built in Gothic style, covered from wooden tiles. It is one of most precious monuments of the town.


Wooden ghotic church in Tvrdošín built in 1397.




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Old May 8th, 2007, 09:39 PM   #31
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Reconstruction of Šariš castle

..

Last edited by .oreo.; May 8th, 2007 at 09:44 PM. Reason: double post
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Old May 8th, 2007, 09:43 PM   #32
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Reconstruction of Šariš castle

VEĽKÝ ŠARIŠ/PREŠOV - Šarišský hrad chcú obnoviť! Mal by sa stať vyhľadávanou turistickou atrakciou. Vypracovaný je už aj projekt, ako by mal areál vyzerať. Celková oprava má stáť až 280 miliónov korún.

„Vypracovanie projektu mi trvalo približne pol roka,“ prezradil projektant Vojtech Jačišin z prešovskej spoločnosti AIS-PO. V rámci obnovy hradu chcú zrekonštruovať hlavnú vežu aj ďalšie hradné múry. Zachovať sa má štrnásť hradných bášt, ktoré sú z 13. storočia, teda z čias, keď hrad postavili a vydržali dodnes. Pribudnúť majú aj lavičky a chodníky. Problém by nemal byť ani so stavebným materiálom, pretože pod hradnými múrmi sa povaľuje množstvo pôvodného kamenia. Atraktívna bude aj vstupná brána, kde sa celé stáročia nanášala zemina a po jej odstránení sa ukáže v plnej kráse.

Plány na obnovu hradu by sa nedali realizovať, keby zostal vo vlastníctve štátu, ako to bolo do vlaňajška. „Podarilo sa nám ho odkúpiť za celkom rozumnú cenu. Štvorcový meter stál 15 korún,“ povedal primátor Veľkého Šariša Róbert Oros. Celý areál má rozlohu 1,7 hektára a spolu zaň mesto zaplatilo 255-tisíc korún. „Ak by hrad zostal vo vlastníctve štátu, nemohli by sme naň získať peniaze z Európskej únie,“ vysvetlil primátor. S prácami by sa malo začať už na jar tohto roka. Ako prvá príde na rad výstavba vyhliadkovej veže, amfiteátra a vyčistenie areálu.

This is how it shoul look like


Castle today



Historical painting of the castle



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Old May 8th, 2007, 10:34 PM   #33
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Really nice, also good for tourism... museum will be better in that donjon than grass and trees
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Old May 9th, 2007, 11:03 AM   #34
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Feyd-Rautha View Post
Really nice, also good for tourism... museum will be better in that donjon than grass and trees
Definitely good news for tourism! I´d like to see all castles in Slovakia to be reconstructed like this one! Unfortunatelly, not all of the owners has such enthusiasm to do it.
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Old May 9th, 2007, 11:16 AM   #35
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Great reconstruction of Šariš castle! Does anyone know, what was the original name of this castle?
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Old May 9th, 2007, 11:19 AM   #36
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Keby mal niekto zopar miliard nazvys, mohli by sme ten hrad kupit a dat do _povodneho_ stavu aj s domami... (: ...

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Old May 9th, 2007, 11:33 AM   #37
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Originally Posted by Nyuszi View Post
Great reconstruction of Šariš castle! Does anyone know, what was the original name of this castle?
I think that all names this castle ever had were just names in Hungarian, German or maybe Latin. From 1245 it was castrum Sarus and then from 1312 castrum de Saarus or arx Saros - but as I said maybe you could find its names in those languages as well.
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Old May 9th, 2007, 12:35 PM   #38
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Ok. It must be Sáros than... Castle of Sáros, named after one of the 64 counties of Great Hungary. Thanks for the quick info!
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Old May 10th, 2007, 07:37 AM   #39
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Originally Posted by Nyuszi View Post
Does anyone know, what was the original name of this castle?
Nagysáros, Sáros vára
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Old May 10th, 2007, 09:53 AM   #40
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Nagysáros, Sáros vára
Thank You ban Bank!
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