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Old March 18th, 2013, 09:12 PM   #1
Romashka01
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Ukraine: LVIV - the city of lion

Hi everybody!

I've decided to start a new thread of Lviv with photos by me.




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Lviv is located in western Ukraine, a predominantly Ukrainian-speaking region.

City was founded in 1256 by King of Galicia-Volhynia Danylo of Halych (Kingdom of Galicia-Volhynia was a Ruthenian (Ukrainian) most influential ancient state) who built the castle on the hill now called Hill of a High Castle. Danylo died in 1264, leaving his throne to his son Lev I, whom Lviv is named after.

Lev I died about year 1300. His son Yuriy would again unite the Halych and Volynia Principalities with Lviv as the capital. After Yuriy, his two sons ruled until 1320. They both died without leaving male successors. This created an unstable situation and an internal power struggle ensued, which was exploited by neighboring countries. Polish King Kazimir's III troops invaded Lviv in 1340, but the citizens banished the invaders. In 1349, Polish King Kazimir finally returned and his forces occupied Lviv. Local nobility and People's Councils tried to resist , but to no avail.

As a part of Poland (and later Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth) the city was known as Lwów. The city was granted the right of transit and started to gain significant profit from the goods transported between the Black Sea and the Baltic. The city's population grew rapidly and soon Lwów became a multi-ethnic and multi-religious city as well as an important centre of culture, science and trade. Poles, Ukrainians (in medieval and earlier new times Ukrainians called themselves Русини (i.e. Ruthenians)), Germans, Armenians and Jews being the most important ethnicities living within the city.

In the 17th century Lviv was invaded by the armies of the Transylvanian Duke George I Rįkóczi . In 1672 Lviv was again besieged by the Turkish army of Mehmed IV. In 1704 the city was captured and pillaged for the first time in its history by the armies of King of the Swedish Empire Charles XII. The plague of the early 18th century caused the death of about 40% of the city's population.

In 1772, Lviv was annexed by Austria. The city was expanding, new buildings were being erected, new streets and squares were appearing. In the late 18 th – first half of 19 th century the architectural style of Classicism became predominant in residential and civil construction. In 1853, Lviv was the first European city to have street lights due to innovations discovered by Lviv inhabitants I. Łukasiewicz and J. Zeh. In 1873 Lviv was granted the right of local self-government with Polish and Ukrainian, as official languages. Germanisation was halted and the censorship lifted as well. In 1894 the first electrical tram was launched in Lviv, long before this happened in Vienna.

With the collapse of the Habsburg Empire at the end of World War I, the local Ukrainian bourgeoisie proclaimed Lviv as the capital of the West Ukrainian People's Republic on November 1, 1918. The proclamation of the Republic—which claimed sovereignty over largely Ukrainian-populated territories—was a complete surprise for the Poles, who constituted half of population in the city. So, started an armed uprising - Polish-Ukrainian War.

Following the Treaty Peace of Riga 18 March 1921, Lviv remained in Poland. The city, which was the third biggest in Poland, became one of the most important centres of science, sports and culture of Poland. Polish government closed down many Ukrainian schools and Ukrainian university department at the University of Lviv. Most Ukrainian professors were fired.

On September 22, 1939 the Soviet troops invaded Lviv. The local Polish, Ukrainian and Jewish intellectuals were murdered, imprisoned or deported to Siberia and Central Asia.
On June 30, 1941 German Nazi forces occupied Lviv. Immediately after the Germans entered the city, Einsatzgruppen and Ukrainian Auxiliary Police organized a massive pogrom.

In July 1944 Lviv was captured by the Soviet Red Army and the Polish Home Army. Despite Polish efforts, the city remained as part of the USSR. The main part of historical monuments, churches and buildings in Lviv survived due to the fact that the battle for the city took place in southern area. After the war, most of the Polish population left the city and moved to Poland.

In the 50s and 60s of the 20th century, the city grew very much both in population and size. A lot of famous plants and factories were founded in Lviv and transferred from Eastern Ukraine.
This resulted in partial Sovietization of the city and some loss of its western flavour. However, Lviv always was more anti-Soviet and democratic than other large Ukrainian cities.

With the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, Lviv became part of the independent Ukraine.

Nowadays Lviv is the seventh largest city in Ukraine by the number of population.

Lviv has 219 large industrial enterprises and almost 9,000 small ventures. For many years machinery-building and electronics were leading industries in the Lviv. The Lviv-based company Elektron, trademark of national TV-set, produces 32 and 37 inches liquid-crystal TV-sets. In 2013 Elektrotrans JV starts producing low-floor trams, the first Ukrainian 100% low-floor tramways
"LAZ" is a bus (and trolley) manufacturing company in Lviv with its own rich history..LAZ buses are used as regular city transportation in the city.

Lviv is one of the leaders of software export in Eastern Europe. There are over 60 IT companies, that work in the fields of IT outsourcing, programming and web development. Most famous Ukrainian-owned Lviv IT company are SoftServe with more than 2500 programmers.

City Lviv is a leading educational center in Ukraine and one of the largest in Central and Eastern Europe having 59 higher education institutions including 12 universities, 8 academies, more than forty research institutes ( Centre of Institute for Space Research, Institute for Condensed Matter Physics, Institute of Cell Biology, National Institute of Strategic Studies, Institute of Neuro-mathematical Simulation in Power Engineering, Institute of Ecology of the Carpathians, others)

Lviv also is known as a center of art, literature, music and theatre. Nowadays, the indisputable evidences of the city cultural richness is a big number of theaters, concert halls, creative unions, and also high number of many artistic activities.

The historic city centre is on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lviv
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Old March 18th, 2013, 09:13 PM   #2
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I want to start with the northern outskirt of the city: part of Zamarstyniv-Topolna district ( three streets: Lincoln, Pluhova and I.Mazepy )

17 March, 2013


Lincoln street











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Old March 18th, 2013, 09:14 PM   #3
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church







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Old April 28th, 2013, 11:21 PM   #4
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26 April, 2013

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________

University of Life Safety (str. Kleparivska).
The former building of The Military Invalids House was built in the Klepariv district in 1855-1863.









Lviv Brewery and Museum of Brewing (str. Kleparivska,18)

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The former Jewish hospital. This monumental two-story building was built in 1898-1901 in oriental (Moorish) style. Currently houses the maternity ward of the 3rd Municipal Clinical Hospital.




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Old April 28th, 2013, 11:23 PM   #5
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Old April 28th, 2013, 11:24 PM   #6
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str. Horodotska, 73

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Training Corps National University "Lviv Polytechnic" ( Institute of Economics and Management, Institute of Applied Mathematics and Fundamental Sciences, Institute of Humanities and Social Sciences ). Building built in 1970. (str.Metropolitan Andreya, 3)




Church of St. Olha and Elizabeth was built in the years 1903-1911 in the neo-Gothic style.




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Ivan Franko National University is one of the oldest in Eastern Europe.
Founded in 1661, was known as John Casimir University in honor of its founder.

Motto "Раtriаe dесоri сіvibus еducаndis" ( "Educated citizens - glory of the Motherland" )


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Old April 28th, 2013, 11:25 PM   #7
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St.Michael the Archangel Church (The Carmelite Church) was first mentioned in 1634 as the church of the monastery of the Barefoot Carmelites. The entire faсade was redesigned in the 19th century after ravaged by the Cossacks and the Swedes.

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Church of the Presentation. Its construction, commenced in 1642, was greatly delayed by the events of the Deluge. The Carmelites departed from the nunnery in 1792. It was later used as a metrology office. The Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church recently reconsecrated the church to Christian worship and dedicated it to the Presentation of Our Lord.



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Old April 29th, 2013, 01:32 AM   #8
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beautiful moar please
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Old April 29th, 2013, 02:31 AM   #9
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Lviv is a heroin to my soul. Every morning waking up in Lviv you can consider yourself to be already lucky and happy person.
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Old April 29th, 2013, 02:08 PM   #10
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Great pictures! It looks like a very beautiful city.
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Old April 29th, 2013, 04:07 PM   #11
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nice new thread on Lviv, thanks for the lovely photos.
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Old April 29th, 2013, 07:25 PM   #12
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Great, very nice photos from Lviv
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Old May 1st, 2013, 10:17 PM   #13
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@hellospank25 @importedfromserbia @Wapper @Linguine @christos
Thank you very much all for nice comments
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Old May 1st, 2013, 10:19 PM   #14
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29 April
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Church of St. John Chrysostom (str. Lysenko, 43 ) was built 1877-1889 (architect J. Zakharevich)
A former Church of the Most Sacred Heart of Jesus and the Franciscan Monastery.



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Old May 1st, 2013, 10:20 PM   #15
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LAZ bus on route number 3a
(as of January 1, 2013 had 52 public bus routes in Lviv.
The price of a one way single ride in a buses within the city of Lviv is 2.00 hryvnia
(0.25 $ / 0.19 €) regardless of the distance traveled.)


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Old May 1st, 2013, 11:52 PM   #16
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Facade of the Ukrainian Drama Theatre (Skarbek Theatre)
The building was established in the mid 19th century and until World War I was used as a theater and a session hall of the regional council.






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Old May 8th, 2013, 10:20 PM   #17
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Ivan Franko Park
Ivan Franko Park used to be called Park Kostyushka and many Lvivites still call it by its former name. The park covers an area of 15 hectares


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Old May 8th, 2013, 10:22 PM   #18
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Old May 8th, 2013, 10:25 PM   #19
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Old May 8th, 2013, 10:26 PM   #20
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Part of Novyi Svit district

str. Efremova

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