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Old August 17th, 2012, 02:18 PM   #21
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NEW DELHI: In a move to help promote trade and bilateral ties with Pakistan, the government is set to slash 30% items or 254 products from the sensitive list under the South Asian Free Trade Agreement (Safta) with the Cabinet set to consider the proposal on Friday.

As part of pruning the list for non-least developed countries, which includes Sri Lanka, India plans to reduce peak customs duty on these products to 5% over three years. Eventually, the sensitive list for least developed countries like Bangladesh and Nepal is to be merged with the one for NLDCs and reduced to 25 alcohol and tobacco-based products.

The decisions are intended to boost trade in south Asia, a development that will have positive spin-offs for India and the rest of the region while bringing about closer economic integration and a strengthening of ties among nations often divided by politics and history.

Under Safta, there is a provision for a sensitive list where countries can impose restrictions to prevent misuse of freer trade. In India's case, "sin goods" are the essential feature of the list for LDCs.

India will monitor progress on negative list

The government's proposed move to slash 30% items from the sensitive list under Safta follows the decision taken by the government in February to reduce its sensitive list with Pakistan during a meeting of trade ministers.

The demand for reciprocity on MFN has been pending since 1996. Promising to grant MFN by the end of the year, Pakistan has notified a negative list, where trade will not be permitted, instead of the earlier system of a small positive list of products that reduced trade to a trickle between the two neighbours.

India has decided to unilaterally grant preferential access to an additional 30% items from Pakistan to help speed up improvement in trade ties following a breakthrough achieved in May 2011.

As the Cabinet considers the proposal piloted by commerce and industry minister Anand Sharma, it will also try to ensure the concessions being offered don't turn into a one-way traffic without Pakistan meeting its commitments. To this end, at least three milestones are being fixed. India will monitor Pakistan's initiatives to eliminate the negative list of 1,209 items and only retain a sensitive list. This will mark a major shift in Islamabad's trade position with regard to India and result in full operationalization of Safta as Pakistan has promised to grant India MFN status. The second focus area will be Pakistan's movement on pruning the sensitive list so that there are few items on which restrictions are maintained.

Also, the government wants progress from Pakistan on expanding the list of products that can be traded through the land route, especially the Attari-Wagah border. Indian officials have repeatedly said that in absence of any movement on this front, trade will not increase.

If the list is expanded, products such as garments and hosiery or even sweets can move both ways from Pakistani Punjab to Indian Punjab. In the absence of further opening up, transportation cost by the sea route will hinder increase in trade which in 2010-11 was estimated at $2.4 billion according to data on the commerce department website. Trade through unofficial channels such as the UAE and Singapore are estimated to be worth several times more.
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Old August 18th, 2012, 02:15 PM   #22
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China is also concerned about the health of its people and availability of medicine. India's move has led China to revisit its laws

India's grant of a compulsory licence to Natco for Bayer's kidney-cancer drug Nexavar has sent shockwaves across the globe. As Bayer and the Indian government get ready to lock horns in court next week, developed and developing countries are re-assessing the balance between intellectual property and affordable healthcare, reports CNBC-TV18's Archana Shukla.

By granting a compulsory licence for Bayer's kidney caner drug, India has sent alarm bells ringing in the developed world. The US Patent and Trademark office took the matter all the way to the US Congress.

Teresa Stanek Rea, deputy director, US Patent and Trademark Office, says, "I was quite dismayed and surprised when India decided to grant a compulsory licence on grounds which were not valid. We are consistent in trying to stop those efforts and in trying to stop those compulsory licenses."

But India has found a backer in the World Health Organisation.

Nata Menabde, India representative, WHO, says, "India has taken a good political stand on compulsory licence and we respect that move. India is a lead supplier of cheaper generics and this compulsory licence will further strengthen it."

With over 70% of the globe trying to ensure easier access to affordable drugs, India's clarion call is being taken up by the developing world- from nations in Africa to Brazil and even China.

Albert Chen, founder, DeBund Law Offices, says, "China is also concerned about the health of its people and availability of medicine. India's move has led China to revisit its laws."

The BRICS nations have gone one step further and have initiated talks to use compulsory licensing provisions to source critical drugs from manufacturing hubs like India and China. Small wonder then, that the global pharma sector is worried.

With the global pharma sector increasingly dependent on emerging countries for growth, a power struggle is underway.

DG Shah, secretary-general, Indian Pharmaceutical Alliance, says, "Developed nations are now hardening their stance in trade talks with countries like India. They are also trying to push for treaties like anti-ACTA and Trans-Pacific which will go beyond TRIPS."

Corporate boardrooms of innovator drug companies are also atwitter as the hunt for strategies to pre-empt conditions of compulsory licensing gathers steam.

Ranjit Shahani, president, Organisation of Pharmaceutical Producers of India, says, "It has a global impact, multi-national drug firms are assessing their stand."

Forget ripples, India's bold step to increase patient access to affordable life-saving medicines has set off a tidal wave. As developed and developing nations scramble to revisit policies, the convergence of commercial imperatives and social responsibility is set to initiate some staggering changes.
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Old August 19th, 2012, 08:39 PM   #23
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LOHARDAGA: In an another big effort towards development in the Maoist-hit Lohardaga, district deputy chief minister Sudesh Mahto on Saturday laid foundation stones of several development schemes worth over Rs 72 crore.

Jingi village of Kuru block, about 28 km from district town headquarters of Lohardaga was selected to be made a model village the foundation laying ceremony held in this village which is a native place of freedom fighter Lalu Tana Bhagat. In presence of over a huge number of people and supporters specially women he launched 'Sanjeevani' project for Kuru block, declared projects for making Jingi a model village and laid online foundation for several development schemes worth over Rs 72 crore.

Development projects include a Rs 19.25 crore building construction for proposed Lohardaga Polytechnic College, Rs 72 lakh for a stadium in Kuru, buildings for four blocks identified to be made ideal. Construction of each block building in Peshrar, Kuru, Kisko and Senha will cost Rs 5.5 crore. "It is a concept of the state government to provide maximum facilities to villages under single roof. Model block buildings will have a sitting room to welcome each visitor. These block buildings will also have offices for block pramukhs, said the deputy CM.

Accompanied by his party's MLA from Loahrdaga Kamal Kishore Bhagat, member of state steering committee Deosharan Bhagat and a group of senior and local administrative officials Mahto was given a warm traditional welcome at Jingi. He garlanded freedom fighter Lalu Tana Bhagat 's statue and, planted a sapling to mark the occasion before launching the schemes.
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Old August 19th, 2012, 08:39 PM   #24
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Patna: Sitab Diara, a 'diara' village in Saran district famous for being the birthplace of Jayaprakash Narayan (JP), came to limelight last year again after senior BJP leader L K Advani started his countrywide anti-corruption 'yatra' from there and the state government wasted no time in providing road and electric connection to the village that had remained largely inaccessible from the district headquarters Chhapra.

Major chunk of the 'diara' lands fall in the basins of Ganga, Kosi and Gandak rivers. However, there are thousands of 'diara' villages in the state, officially dotting its riverine areas in 22 districts, without road connectivity with district headquarters, electricity, formal development initiatives to boost agriculture production, as well as education and welfare initiatives for women and children.

"People of 'diara' areas have been deprived of development for years," said president-cum-founder of Bihar Diara Vikas Manch (BDVM), Mukesh Kumar Singh, who belongs to Patapur diara of Danapur in Patna district.

"We are reaching out to people in the 'diara' areas of the state and making collective efforts to make the government hear our pleas," he said.

The government has a Diara Vikas Pariyojna (Diara development project) as a separate wing of the state's agriculture department, empowered to make budgetary allotments for various schemes, but the BDVM has been demanding that the government constitute either a separate diara development department, or diara development board, so that people concerned could actually reap fruits of real development.

"The schemes are framed and budgetary allotments are also made. But the works done under the diara development project require ground reality check to get the real picture," said Singh.

As it is, 'diaras' are fertile landmass formed due to deposit of sand and silt over time in the riverine areas. They could also vanish over the next few decades due to change in the course of the main river, leading, however, to another 'diara' formation in the vicinity under the same process.

Because they are also crisscrossed by tributaries of the main river, farmers concerned take to agriculture after floodwaters recede. Given the annual flood and the nature of cropping season, it provides enough way out for the misuse of government fund under the pretext of flood when, with sincere efforts, the fertile 'diara' land could yield enough to add to the state's GDP by way of agriculture and horticulture.

According to Singh, the extent of 'diara' in the state is 11.76 hectares of land belonging to 22 districts, and also accounts for around 12.5% of the total areas of the state.

In effect, Singh has been lobbying with MLAs and MLCs, directly or indirectly connected with the diara lands, to convince the government for forming a separate diara development department or diara development board, since there are around 75 MLAs in the state assembly whose constituencies also include such lands.

The state government, however, appear to be under no hurry to oblige. "At present, we have a diara development project to carry out development activities in focused manner. We are, of course, open to positive suggestions," said agriculture department principal secretary Anjani Kumar Singh.
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Old August 20th, 2012, 01:25 PM   #25
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A business environment characterised by increasing complexity and volatility is creating significant challenges for organisations in India today. Consider some of the signs: slow GDP growth, high inflation, tight liquidity, continuing depreciation in the rupee making imported inputs costlier, policy paralysis and upheaval in global financial markets, to name just a few of the most notable symptoms. This kind of uncertainty and complexity is now a permanent part of the business landscape, and companies have little choice but to develop a strategy to manage it.

The playing field has also changed. Indian companies are no longer playing only against their local competitors. They now also find themselves competing with best-in-class developed market multinationals and upstarts from other emerging economies — all vying for a share of the same pie. Our experience suggests that leading companies are navigating this volatile environment through four key approaches: scrutinising their operations with even greater care, keeping a sharp focus on core business, using talent as a business differentiator and using today’s consumers to build tomorrow’s growth. The idea is to take an end-to-end view of how they create value. We’ve observed three keys to these efforts.

Operational excellence. The journey of operational excellence for any organisation often starts by having a clear idea of what we call competitive essence-what the organisation does better than others and enables it to win in the marketplace. A thorough understanding of competitive essence helps the company to drive an operational excellence strategy.
An operational excellence strategy comprises decisions about two elements affecting the ability of companies to deploy and stay true to their competitive essence-structure and execution. Structure addresses the “what,” “ who” and “where” of a business’s operating model and assets. That is, what capabilities, best practices and assets will the business need to leverage and sustain its competitive essence? Who will carry out those capabilities and manage those assets? Where will the capabilities be carried out and the assets located? Execution is the “how” of the operating model and assets; specifically, how will the organisation deploy people, processes, technology and organisational design to extract the most value from its operating model and assets?

Finally, the organisation needs to select the appropriate change journey that would work best for them. There could be a transformational programme (top down projects impacting the entire organisation), targeted intervention (efforts that span structure and execution in a specific function) or continuous improvement (programmes that span building excellence in execution). Choosing an appropriate change journey is critical as each company has a different context for change, a unique starting point and its own corporate DNA.

A leading engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) player in India undertook a transformational operational excellence programme. The company has not only significantly improved its profitability but also implemented robust business processes in line with best practices and organisation structure changes to sustain the same. Then there is a major chemicals company in India that has implemented a Six Sigma-led operation excellence programme to improve its profitability while also develop new capabilities in its people.

Rapid and sustained cost management. Clearly, cost management has become an integral part of doing business in India. The key question, however, is how cost management can be carried out most effectively without jeopardising long term revenue and shareholder value. Many organisations are currently looking to reduce costs across the board by 10 to 15 per cent. Accenture sees enormous opportunities in rapidly driving costs across procurement, SG&A (an acronym used in accounting to refer to selling, general and administrative expenses, which is a major non-production cost) and manpower.

Organisations have room to optimise their procurement by not just stopping with volume discounts but pushing for better demand management and long-term strategies that drive continual improvements and apply contract controls and compliance. Companies have the potential to leverage synergies — of both scale and skills — across different business units and leverage strategic sourcing levers such as low-cost country sourcing, complexity reduction, should cost models and e-auctions. A few companies are closing the loop on spend management by driving accountability not only for savings but also creating unprecedented visibility on the cost structure that drives out savings through pro-active cost-avoidance leveraging zero-based budgeting, clear ownership of category spend and smart consumption policies. A leading global beverage company, for instance, has been successful in reducing its in cost of goods sold by 15 per cent through strategic sourcing and close loop spend management.

A recent Accenture analysis of manufacturers’ balance sheets revealed that the gap between wages and manpower productivity has been widening in India since 2007-08. Such a situation puts a premium on efforts to improve manpower productivity. Business interventions such as workforce pyramid redesign and pyramid refresh can help achieve significant reductions in employee costs by determining the optimal size of an organisation.

A leading Indian pharmaceutical company, for instance, has been successful in achieving productivity improvements of 25-30 per cent by identifying surplus manpower across its two business units. The company defined an optimal organisational structure with the appropriate workforce size required at each level and identified non-core activities that could be outsourced.

Building dynamic supply chains. As Indian companies grow and diversify their operations, their supply chains are becoming increasingly more complex and the potential sources of disruptions are multiplying. This complex operating environment is undermining traditional supply chain strategies. For instance, supply chain integration, the mantra of the recent past, that helped organisations secure key relationships by tying the operations of critical partners together is becoming redundant. As organisations struggle to operate in environment of permanent volatility, tightly integrated supply chains are actually restricting the ability of firms to keep up with the current pace of change. Companies are being pushed to take new approaches in managing their supply chains more effectively.

As supply chains globalise, they face a lot more potential sources of disruption and risks. Building in operational flexibility to withstand these disruptions is crucial. For instance, an agile and flexible supply chain enabled one of the world’s largest specialty chemicals players to shift its production from Argentina to Gulf Coast of the United States in a span of 30 to 45 days, when a major energy crisis hit Argentina a few years back.

Accenture research suggests that high performance businesses draw on a portfolio of measures to build a dynamic supply chain. These include creating a global supply chain that can withstand the uncertainty of international markets, producing a number of products at the same plants, building capacity redundancy, designing products on modular product architectures, and striking flexible contracts and dual-sourcing strategies with vendors.

The speed of response is a critical capability of dynamic supply chains, and the key to anticipating and mitigating risk. But response time hinges on the company’s ability to proactively identify high-risk events, and to decide whether to design the operation to flex to known risks-those that are unpredictable but relatively more likely to occur-or to have contingency plans for the unknown risks- those that are unlikely to occur but are potentially catastrophic. In fact, 86 per cent of executives who responded to Accenture’s 2011 Global risk survey identify the risk management function as a key driver that helps them effectively deal with today’s volatile business environment. Many companies are also using predictive analytics to identify where problems are likely to arise along the supply chain, highlighting critical areas for risk mitigation.

The current volatile economic environment is here to stay. To successfully manage through these challenging times, organisations need to drive both short-term and longer-term operational efficiency and responsiveness. The companies that take this journey will have the ability to respond to market shifts more quickly, as well as to operate more efficiently and cost-effectively-both of which are crucial to success in a world of ever-increasing uncertainty.
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Old October 7th, 2012, 11:35 AM   #26
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I had an idea pertaining to research and development.

I read an article about The Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science. Here is a section from the wikipedia article:

The Max Planck Society for the Advancement of Science (German: Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften e. V.; abbreviated MPG) is a formally independent non-governmental and non-profit association of German research institutes publicly funded by the federal and the 16 state governments of Germany. It is named in honor of its former president, theoretical physicist Max Planck.

The nearly 80 research institutes of the Max Planck Society conduct basic research in the interest of the general public in the natural sciences, life sciences, social sciences, and the arts and humanities. They have a total staff of approx. 13,000 permanent employees, including 4,700 scientists, plus around 11,000 non-tenured scientists and guests. Their budget for 2006 was about €1.4 billion, with 84% from state and federal funds.[1] The Max Planck Institutes focus on excellence in research, with 32 Nobel Prizes awarded to their scientists, and are generally regarded as the foremost basic research organization in Germany and Europe.

Other notable networks of publicly funded research institutes in Germany are the Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft, performing applied research with a focus on industrial collaborations, the Helmholtz Association of German Research Centres, a network of the national laboratories in Germany, and the Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Scientific Community, a loose network of institutes performing basic to applied research.
My suggestion is that the government provide seed money and continuing funding to a standalone research society to kickstart R&D in the country as this is a major thrust in the 12th Five Year Plan.

The long-term goal is to establish an independent, non-profit research society that performs research, patents ideas and advances science in India. After 10-15 years of government funding, the science institutes should have patented enough technology to license out to commercial entities. From this, they can fund their own operating expenses and growth. Anything extra can be donated to charity.

Here are some of the Max Planck Institutes:

Max Planck Institute for the Biology of Ageing, Köln
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig
Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology, Halle/Saale
Bibliotheca Hertziana - Max Planck Institute of Art History, Rome
Max Planck Institute for Chemistry (Otto Hahn Institute), Mainz
Max Planck Institute for Coal Research, Mülheim/Ruhr
Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig
Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods, Bonn, formerly Max Planck Project Group Common Goods, Law, Politics and Economics
Max Planck Institute for Nuclear Physics, Heidelberg
Max Planck Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, Dresden
Max Planck Institute for the Chemical Physics of Solids, Dresden
Max Planck Institute for Behavioral Physiology, Seewiesen closing
The Max Planck Institute operates nearly 80 research institutes. Just imagine 80 such research institutes in India! It would give major fillip to research and also to business ventures.
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Old November 27th, 2012, 04:40 AM   #27
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Madurai Corporation on Facebrook !!

Madurai Corporation on Facebook !!

0 Rupees , few hours effort that is all it takes !! It has changed the way grievances are handled for ever !! Will others follow ?

News from the Hindu

After the district administration, now it’s the turn of Madurai Corporation to look up at popular tools of Internet as a way to reach out to the public.

The Corporation has opened Facebook pages to provide residents easier access to the officials for redressing their grievances on civic issues.

Besides, it has created five new e-mail accounts for the same. Corporation Commissioner R. Nanthagopal said that people could post their complaints to the Corporation officials sitting at home with the help of Internet.

Besides a common Facebook page ( / corporationmadurai) for the entire Corporation that would be daily monitored by the Deputy Commissioner, four separate pages had been created for each of the four zones.

Residents can make their complaints and suggestions for their respective zones on,,, and These pages would be monitored by the Assistant Commissioners of the respective zones.

In addition, people can lodge their complaints on the e-mail account of the Corporation Commissioner at [email protected] com. The e-mail accounts of the zonal Assistant Commissioners are: [email protected] com, [email protected] com, [email protected] com, and [email protected] com.

Last edited by tn2usa; November 27th, 2012 at 05:51 AM.
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Old November 27th, 2012, 06:29 PM   #28
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Three Trinities for a First World India! My views

Governance Trinity
  • Police Reform -> Independence from executive, nominations transfer based on Lokayukta
  • Administration Reform -> Allow investigation and prosecution by
    Lokpal/Lokayukta for Class C and D officers (90% of India corruption comes from these)
  • Judiciary Reform ->Reduce 15 million backlog by created Fast track courts
Result : Quality LAW and ORDER and Working Accountable System.

Infrastructure Trinity
  • Fast Track Electricity Generation by breaking Coal India monopoly and initiate Discom Privatization to end power theft and increase distribution efficiency and finances
  • Fast Track River Interlinking and Privatize Water Board and Sewerage Boards across Tier 1, 2 and 3 cities.
  • Implement Pragmatic Land acquisition policy for National Highways and break City contractor monopoly for Civic road construction and by allowing private firms and transparent bidding for City Tenders.
Result : World class infrastructure, 24 x 7 Power and 24 x 7 Water in cities, slowly extending to towns and villages

Financial, Social and Education Trinity
  • Large scale construction of Schools in Rural India
  • Phase out Reservations based on Caste - begin by eliminating Creamy Layer and finally model it on Financial Background - Link to UID
  • Reduce and gradually eliminate subsidies in Power, Water. Link Fertilizer, kerosene and Food subsidy to BPL capture via UID.
Result : Massive leap in literacy, Poor and true backward students get due representation, Merit gets enormous boost enhancing national efficiency

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Old December 19th, 2012, 02:15 AM   #29
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Constructive Idea to increase personal safety for women!!

Delhi's rape has been making waves across the nation.

IMHO increasing number of policemen , patrol vans etc all could be solutions, but feel it will be costlier and difficult to implement and we may not see that much improvement vs the investment.

I looked into the delhi metro site and i see a flat fare structure , delhiites can correct me here.


Something like below, this will make sure all the metros and buses are occupied at all the time and it may even decrease the peak hour rush , Ofcourse based on the assumption that public transport is service oriented !!

Full fare during 7AM to 7PM
Half fare during 7PM to 10 PM
1/3 fare during 10 PM to 3 AM

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Old June 12th, 2013, 04:11 AM   #30
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Inspiring !!

Saw this from facebook . Inspiring !!

Contact Ph No : 022-26520601/02

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Old October 10th, 2013, 06:20 AM   #31
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India's regressive political class and its leaders are the enemy of the people- they require training-reeducation to overcome dogmatic,ignorant,lack of of ideas on development issues and its implementation.Many progressive countries have cabinet ministers undergo some form of training ie popular ones being marketing and rebranding. In Kerala, the State cabinet underwent some form of training at IIM-K. This is the way forward-as a result many projects have been fast tracked in Kerala.EDUCATION AND TRAINING IS A CONTINUOUS PROCESS.THE OVERGROWN INDIAN POLITICIANS SHOULD NOT BE EXCLUDED
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Old November 4th, 2013, 06:12 AM   #32
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Originally Posted by Glorian View Post
India's regressive political class and its leaders are the enemy of the people- they require training-reeducation to overcome dogmatic,ignorant,lack of of ideas on development issues and its implementation.Many progressive countries have cabinet ministers undergo some form of training ie popular ones being marketing and rebranding. In Kerala, the State cabinet underwent some form of training at IIM-K. This is the way forward-as a result many projects have been fast tracked in Kerala.EDUCATION AND TRAINING IS A CONTINUOUS PROCESS.THE OVERGROWN INDIAN POLITICIANS SHOULD NOT BE EXCLUDED
Do you really think they can be "re-educated" ? Dude you have absolutely no idea what you are talking about. The best thing one can do is to eliminate them altogether. These "babus" will never improve. It is as much an impossibility as time travel.

My ideas:

1) Ruthlessly hunt down the non-secular and non-liberal "pundits" who want to keep the country divided on caste and religious lines.

2) Automatic death penalty for corruption.

3) Make the police a part of the army.
Even the devil may die!!
(29A)16 = (666)10
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Old November 20th, 2013, 12:24 PM   #33
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There isn't a single concern on which we focus and make India Developed. There are various things on which we have to focus and work on it. I think the first and foremost thing is literacy which is one of the biggest barb. People must have their own way of thinking and sharing there thoughts on any concerns but still we can see how much people are able to get the exact happening which happens daily. Everyone says Government is responsible for these things but I don't believe on such virtual facts, yeah! i agree that gov have their won procedure to deal with the concerns which are emerging but peoples have the right to think on the problems and share their views. They also need to increase their thinking and try to support India.

Thanks & Regards,
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Old December 4th, 2013, 12:38 PM   #34
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Old February 13th, 2015, 06:07 AM   #35
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Dude CORRUPTION IS BANNED ALREADY!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Originally Posted by bindu7 View Post
The first and foremost thing is the CORRUPTION should be banned in India..then India will develop very soon and also there will be no poor people...
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Old February 17th, 2015, 12:45 AM   #36
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Some ideas

If you were to ask me, these are my top 10 for India in no particular order

1. Connect all major villages by broadband and computers.
2. Come up with a deliberate and constructive policy to house urban poor and provide for health care.
3. Increase forest cover to at least 30% from the current abysmal 12% to gain carbon credits to offset industrialization. India should advance net carbon neutral.
4. Increase poverty line to $100 per month at least, no matter what studies should be at least this amount. Enforce minimum wages discipline thoroughly.
5. Increase solar power to at least 20% in the energy mix.
6. Usher in municipal reforms and have more municipalities tap financial markets for funding public amenities. Most investment should be tenors water, health, sanitation - things that really improve quality of life.
7. Increase Tax to GDP ratio to at least 20%. Ideally it should be 25%.
8. Move people away from consumption of gold to investment in education, health care, cleanliness, travel and tourism etc. industries that produce jobs.
9. Increase tourism infrastructure to accommodate 10x the present tourist arrivals and make it cheaper to visit India.
10. Invest heavily in road and rail safety and infrastructure by increasing ticket prices 3 fold to pay for all that. People must learn nothing comes for free and you must work hard if you want to enjoy top class facilities.
11. And this one is my personal suggestion: keep religion private or move to a form of religion that is simple, clean, equitable, easy to hold on to like Buddhism, a religion based on simple teachings rather than elaborate cartoony epics that have more entertainment value rather than simple efficiencies.

Follow the Japanese model of development overall. Note Japan's tree cover percent even though they are one of the heaviest industrialized country in the world. Be clean, do great work, take care of the less fortunate - strive to be a Japan or a Korea or Singapore or Taiwan or Thailand. Emulate these Asian nations and get to where they are. Good luck.


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Old April 17th, 2015, 03:30 AM   #37
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It seems that Aadhaar will be a very good tool if used correctly. The aadhaar website shows we have over 81 crore people already registered for Aadhaar - use that to deliver all subsidies/funds/welfare. That'll cut down on leakage/scams. There is also a move to link election voter id's with aadhaar - that should eliminate much of the duplicate/fake voting.

They just need to update aadhaar database to keep track of Indian citizenship status as well - that way foreigners, illegal immigrants etc won't be able to claim benefits which are only for citizens.
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Old April 29th, 2015, 09:53 PM   #38
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To save fuel and better connectivity to the north east can India build a access control road over Bangladesh and charge heavily and give benefits to Bangladeshi vehicles ( so that they agree for tresspassing ). In that case India would build the roads as Bangladesh can hardly afford to make them. Benefits to Bangladesh might change their mind to allow our vehicles to enter the neighbouring country.

This will reduce the subsidies and fuel costs.
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Old May 4th, 2015, 04:08 AM   #39
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MIT team makes clean water from the sun

An engineering team from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology headed to the deserts of New Mexico last weekend, in a high-tech showdown that could help resolve the global water crisis.

Amos Winter, an assistant professor of mechanical engineering at MIT, and doctoral student Natasha Wright squared off against four rival teams in a competition to develop better techniques to extract salt from water. The goal of the contest, sponsored by the US Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Bureau of Reclamation, is a simple, inexpensive system to provide clean water to rural communities across the developing world.

“It’s a two-billion-person problem,” Winter said. “That’s a pretty motivating problem.”

Winter and Wright work at MIT’s Global Engineering and Research Lab, or GEAR, which designs technical solutions tailored for use in developing countries. The desalination project is being backed by Jain Irrigation Systems Inc. of India and by MIT’s Tata Center for Technology and Design, which researches technologies for developing countries. The center is backed by the founding family of Tata Group, one of India’s largest corporations.

India has 16 percent of the planet’s population but just 4 percent of its fresh water. Much of this water is underground, and about 60 percent of it is brackish — not quite true seawater, but too salty to be safely consumed by plants, animals, or people. Still, Winter said about 70 percent of Indians must drink groundwater, even when it’s too salty.

This salt can be removed in several ways, but water desalination has traditionally required lots of electric power. Yet about a quarter of India’s 1.1 billion people live in rural villages of 5,000 or fewer, where for many, the availability of electricity ranges from sporadic to nonexistent.

So Wright and Winter designed a solution for people living off the grid. Most big desalination plants use reverse osmosis, a technique that uses high-pressure pumps to filter out the salt. But Winter said that osmosis wastes about 40 percent of the water.

India has 16% of the planet’s population, but just 4% of its fresh water. Only 60% is safely drinkable.

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The MIT system uses a method called electrodialysis. When salt dissolves in water, it breaks down into positively and negatively charged ions. Now they can be separated from the water by using electrically charged membranes that attract the salt ions like magnets.

“It works kind of like an electric circuit,” Wright said. “The ions get pulled out of the water toward the electrodes.” And with electrodialysis, only about 5 percent of the water is discarded.

Instead of relying on an electric utility to drive their desalination system, Wright and Winter use a bank of lead-acid batteries, similar to those found in cars and trucks. These are charged up during the day by a set of solar panels, making the system entirely self-sustaining. The total package is designed to produce enough water to irrigate a small farm or to serve the daily drinking and cooking needs of up to 5,000 people.

Glenn Vicevic, product manager at General Electric Co.’s power and water business unit in Oakville, Ontario, Canada, works on large-scale electrodialysis systems, and provided the technology used by the MIT team.

“Electrodialysis technology is well understood,” said Vicevic, who works on large-scale desalination systems. “If you combine that with properly sized solar cells and you have properly sized batteries, there’s no reason you couldn’t achieve it.”

But the system must function flawlessly if it is to be deployed in impoverished rural villages or farms. “If you take modern technology and you put it in an area where there’s no support for it,” said Vicevic, “it’s a challenge.”

During last weekend’s showdown, held at the Brackish Groundwater National Desalination Research Facility in Alamogordo, N.M., all five contestants had to run their systems nonstop for two 24-hour cycles. In each session, the MIT system desalted 2,100 gallons of water, making it fit for use in irrigation. It also ran an additional 66 gallons of water through an ultraviolet cleaning system to kill bacteria and make it safe to drink.

“Our solar array was working perfectly,” Wright said.

Wright and Winter’s competition is testing different desalination technologies: reverse osmosis, distillation, nanofiltration. They include Atlantis Technologies and EconoPure Water Systems, a pair of California water treatment companies; the Center for Inland Desalination Systems at the University of Texas El Paso; and Green Desal, a consortium of university researchers from Nepal, Jordan, Israel, Brazil and the United States.

USAID scientists will grade each contestant on various criteria, including energy consumption, ease of maintenance and, of course, water quality. The agency hopes to announce its results next week, possibly in time for Earth Day on April 22. The first-prize winner will get $125,000, with $50,000 and $25,000 for the second- and third-place teams. In addition, the top-scoring teams will be eligible for up to $400,000 in federal grants to set up their systems in a developing country, for a real-world test.
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Old June 27th, 2015, 12:11 PM   #40
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Water conservation project in drought prone regions of Maharashtra


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