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Old March 9th, 2006, 06:07 AM   #1
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Jakarta Curbs 'Chaotic' Urban Planning

Govt moves to curb 'chaotic' urban planning
3 March 2006
The Jakarta Post

In the quest to create better living conditions, the government has submitted a draft law on urban spatial planning that proposes greater allocation for public facilities and greenbelt areas.

It would replace a 1992 law, which is now considered inadequate in addressing increasing problems of urban areas, including flooding and traffic congestion.

The draft law, formally submitted by Public Works Minister Djoko Kirmanto at a House plenary session last week, was accepted for further deliberation during a working session with the legislature's infrastructure commission Thursday.

"We may revoke their construction permits or demolish the buildings," Djoko said of possible sanctions against irresponsible developers, adding that the lack of strict regulation and supervision had resulted in a "chaotic" situation in urban areas.

All factions on the House's infrastructure commission agreed that harsh sanctions against parties that violate spatial regulations, including government officials who approve projects.

"Sanctions should be imposed not only against developers who violate the law, but also the permit issuers," Abdullah Azwar Anas of the National Awakening Party told The Jakarta Post .

Many developers and urban planners have paid little attention to the loosely enforced planning restrictions.

The conversion of residential areas to commercial usage -- including in Kebayoran Baru and Kemang in South Jakarta -- was ranked the second most common violation after the more frequent but less serious infraction of expanding building lines.

"In the future, we hope that such cases will not happen," Anas said.

According to the bill, the government must allocate 40 percent of the total area of a city as public space, 30 percent of which is designated for greenbelt areas.

Land designated for public space, the draft says, can only be used for "casual" activities, such as sport, recreation and temporary trading.

Djoko said the draft law was also aimed at accommodating the demands of regional autonomy, under which local administrations were given more authority to administrate their regions.

"We will make a clear distinction in the regulatory content of national spatial planning, provincial spatial planning and the spatial planning at regency levels," he said, adding that regulations issued by the central and by local governments should be complementary.

Inconsistency in regulations issued by the central government and those of local governments has often led to violations of planning regulations.

To overcome the problem, the government would implement a zoning system to regulate issuance of construction permits under the proposed law.
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Old August 28th, 2007, 01:35 PM   #2
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Green change needed to keep life in city bearable
27 August 2007
The Jakarta Post

Environmental experts say regreening Jakarta is the best way to beat the rising temperatures.

Urban planning expert Yayat Supriatna from Trisakti University concluded that the higher temperatures in recent years closely correlated to the decrease in the area of green spaces from 18,000 hectares in 1985 to 5,911 at present.

"Due to fast population growth and development, Jakarta lost over 4,000 hectares between 2000 and 2005 alone," he told The Jakarta Post on Saturday.

The Meteorology and Geophysics Agency (BMG) warned that the average temperature in Jakarta has risen by 1.4 degrees Celsius over the last 130 years from 26 degrees in 1870 to 27.4 degrees in 2000, and is continuing to rise.

The figure is higher than the average rise of .74 degrees Celsius worldwide.

Yayat said that green areas could significantly ameliorate the heat and absorb hazardous pollutants, including carbon dioxide (CO2).

"The trees planted in the green areas can reduce the temperature by two degrees," he said.

Experts have said that CO2, produced mostly by the burning of fossil fuels, is the main contributor to the greenhouse gas effect and climate change.

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the world's top authority on the issue, has predicted that the world's temperature will increase one degree by 2020 due to climate change.

Yayat said that since the price of land in the capital was so expensive, the administration needed to adopt a pioneering policy to involve residents in expanding the capital's green areas.

"The administration could provide incentives to residents or businesspeople who plant trees on their property. This would encourage people to regreen their neighborhoods,"

He said that the city could also encourage the planting of roof gardens to stabilize temperatures in the capital.

Jakarta recorded its highest-ever temperature of 36 degrees last year.

The BMG said that the rising temperatures would trigger more frequent natural disasters, such as flooding, in the capital.

The administration is aiming to convert some 9,156 hectares, or 13.94 percent of Jakarta's area, into open and green spaces by 2010.

Jakarta is home to over 10 million people.

Yayat said that Jakarta was far behind other metropolises in preserving green spaces.

He said that green areas in Jakarta amounted to about .55 square meter per capita, lower than Japan on 5 square meters per capital and Malaysia on 2 square meters.

Meanwhile, the Center for International Forestry Research (Cifor) said that poor spatial planning in the capital was the main contributor to higher temperatures in the capital.

"Jakarta will become hotter in the future due to impact of climate change unless the city starts promoting green projects," said Heru Santoso, coordinator for Cifor's Asia Tropical Forest and Climate Change Project.
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Old August 28th, 2007, 09:47 PM   #3
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Good finds, very interesting. I like Chicago because it has parks and green space everywhere. A good city does not have to be a dense forrest of buildings and streets, and can include parks and green space as well.
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Old August 30th, 2007, 02:52 AM   #4
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Toronto is the same way. It has 8 acres of greenspace per 1000 residents.

Do you know the stats for Chicago?
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Old September 4th, 2007, 06:36 PM   #5
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City planners factor in superblock solution
1 September 2007
The Jakarta Post

As Jakarta becomes more crowded, superblocks -- apartment complexes boasting offices spaces and entertainment venues -- are springing up all over town.

Prominent developers, such as Bakrieland Development, Agung Podomoro Group, Lippo Group and Pakuwon Group, are building all-in-one complexes, which they describe as superblocks.

Ferry S. Supandji, the chief marketing officer of PT Bakrie Swasakti Utama, a subsidiary of Bakrieland Development, said a superblock was defined as a complex of residences, offices and entertainment centers on more than 10 hectares of land, in which each building had its own function.

Bakrieland Development is building its superblock, Rasuna Epicentrum, in Kuningan, South Jakarta, on about 53 hectares of land. It will comprise apartment towers, a hotel, office buildings, a sports center and a shopping center.

Agung Podomoro Group, Lippo Group and Pakuwon Group are also building superblocks: Agung Podomoro City in Tanjung Duren, West Jakarta; Kemang Village in Kemang, South Jakarta; and Gandaria City in Gandaria, South Jakarta, respectively.

The developers are optimistic the existence of the superblocks will encourage people who live on the outskirts of the capital and in Bekasi, Tangerang, Depok and Bogor, to move to the city center.

Urban planner Darrundono said Thursday the superblock concept would only work if the prices of apartments was affordable.

"If this happens, there will be about 600,000 fewer Greater Jakarta commuters," he said.

There are three types of apartment, which are defined based on their prices and locations, according to a Coldwell Banker Commercial Indonesia report.

Apartments in the first and second price brackets are usually located near central business districts, such as Jl. Sudirman and Kuningan in South Jakarta, while those in third price bracket -- low-cost apartments -- are generally situated in densely populated areas such as Grogol and Mangga Dua in West Jakarta and Tanah Abang in Central Jakarta.

The director of Coldwell Banker Commercial Indonesia, Nico Kiroyan, said every apartment targeted its own market.

Kemang Village and Hampton's Park in Pondok Indah, South Jakarta, for example, target expatriates and wealthy Indonesians.

The price of an apartment in Hampton's Park ranges from Rp 600 million (US$63,796) to Rp 2.5 billion. While apartments targeting lower-income families, such as Mediterania Garden Residences I, which is part of Agung Podomoro City, are priced between Rp 200-400 million.

Ferry said Rasuna Epicentrum targeted people in the middle- to high-income bracket.

"Our customers are (at least) working at managerial level," he said.

Hendry M., a member of the marketing team at Agung Podomoro City, said superblocks were aimed at three different markets.

The price of apartments in the third bracket range between Rp 300-400 million, while apartments in the first bracket start at Rp 600 million.

Nico said most people bought apartments for investment purposes.

"Having an apartment is more about the lifestyle than accommodation needs. Usually people who buy an apartment already own a house," he said.

University student Esther Samboh, 20, whose father owns two apartments, said he considered them sound investments.

"He bought one in Gajah Mada, Central Jakarta, for my sister, and another in Tanjung Duren for me," said Esther, who lives in Cipete, South Jakarta.

Darrundono said apartment buildings would remain empty if prices were too high.

Relly Saryanto, 25, who lives in Menteng, Central Jakarta, said she had canceled her plan to buy an apartment.

"My budget is Rp 300-400 million. I can only afford to buy a small apartment.

"With that amount of money, I can get a quite large house on the outskirts of Jakarta, such as in Cibubur or Serpong," said the mother of a 1-year-old boy.

Astri Wahyuni, 25, who resides in Kebayoran Lama, South Jakarta, has a similar idea.

"I don't like the idea of living in an apartment because it is expensive. I'd prefer to live in a house," the Bogor-born woman said.

This differs from the condition in big cities in other countries where apartments make up the majority of public housing.

Nico estimated that a person must at least have a monthly income of Rp 8-10 million to consider buying an apartment.

Darrundono said the government should facilitate the building of affordable apartments.

"Maybe the government could offer tax incentives or a special permit.

"Or perhaps it could help small developers build such apartment complexes.

He suggested the government build affordable apartments for people in the middle-income bracket and revise its economic-oriented public policy in development.

Darrundono also said the government should not take Singapore as an example.

"I've attended a lot of urban planning discussions. It's not recommended to follow Singapore because it's a small country, but has a high revenue."
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Old August 31st, 2010, 09:43 AM   #6
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FEATURE-Indonesia eyes new capital as Jakarta bursts at seams
26 August 2010

JONGGOL, Indonesia, Aug 26 (Reuters) - A mere pinprick on the map of Java, Jonggol's cluster of tiny red-roofed houses set among banana groves and shimmering waterlogged rice fields may in years to come be destined for greater things.

Indonesia's capital, Jakarta, population 9.59 million, is overcrowded, set in an earthquake zone, prone to flooding, and crippled by inadequate infrastructure.

Now Jonggol is one of several sites being considered as a new administrative seat in a bid to relieve Jakarta's congestion, but at a potential cost of billions of dollars.

This sudden thrust into the limelight appeals to some local residents in Jonggol, where few buildings exceed one storey and the nearest thing to a skyscraper is four floors high.

"Now you can call this a village. I hope they will transform it into a city," said local resident Annur. "I don't mind if this becomes the capital, it would be more lively and beautiful."

For years, Indonesia's growth has lagged that of China and India, held in check by poor infrastructure, endemic corruption, and ample red tape.

President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono has floated the idea of moving part of the capital in recent months, and earlier this month proposed increasing infrastructure spending, with plans to build 14 new airports as well as roads and railways, to lure foreign investment and boost growth.

"The government takes this idea seriously," Velix Wanggai, an advisor to Yudhoyono, told Reuters. "The president considers it normal to look at moving the capital because of Jakarta's urban problems, the risk of disaster, and heavy environmental toll."

As Southeast Asia's largest economy and a G20 member, Indonesia is keen to raise its international profile.

It has ambitions to join the emerging market elite of BRIC nations Brazil, Russia, India and China, is eyeing an investment-grade credit rating, and even wants to lop a few zeros off its currency so that everyday transactions no longer seem so third world, involving millions or billions of rupiah.

A new capital could -- as was the case with Brasilia, studded with Oscar Niemeyers' architecture -- be an emblem of national coming-of-age with careful urban planning and new infrastructure.

URBAN CHAOS

To get a sense of Jakarta's infrastructural shortcomings, start at Soekarno-Hatta airport, Indonesia's busiest. At peak times the queues at the visa and immigration counters snake back several hundred metres, and it can take up to three hours for passengers to be reunited with their luggage.

The drive into Jakarta's centre provides sweeping views of shopping malls set among slums and densely packed housing. Traffic crawls along at 15-20 km (10-12 miles) per hour, flooding is common during the heavy rains, power supplies are erratic, while Dutch-era canals serve as stinking open sewers for slumdwellers.

Only the affluent, ensconced in compounds with guaranteed power and water supplies, live comfortably.

"Anything that would lessen the congestion in Jakarta would be a blessing, so separating the business capital from the centre of government could be a positive," said Tim Condon, regional economist for ING.

"But it's also a huge investment. These moves are typically driven by political rather than economic considerations, the desire to develop an alternative part of the country. Is it really going to pay off in terms of increased efficiency by decongesting Jakarta?"

The choice of location can also lead to questions over government policy, and spur regional jealousies in a country composed of many different ethnic groups and religions.

Of Indonesia's 17,000-odd islands it is Java, the cultural heart and home to 58 percent of Indonesians, which still calls the shots, making it the more likely site.

"Java runs the country," said Condon, so a capital outside Java "would be pretty radical".

Jonggol was first mooted by the autocratic former president, Suharto, who wanted one of his sons to develop the satellite town as a new capital. Today, the main property developers in the area include the Ciputra and Bakrie groups.

Bakrie group and its property unit Bakrieland Development are owned by the family of Aburizal Bakrie, whose Golkar Party is part of the ruling coalition and who nurses presidential ambitions. Indonesia's two main state construction firms PT Wijaya Karya and PT Adhi Karya would likely gain from the development of a new city.

Malang in East Java, and Palangkaraya and Jayapura, which are outside Java, are also being considered, said Wanggai.

Palangkaraya, on the island of Borneo, was former President Sukarno's choice for the capital because of its position in a quake-free region at the very centre of the archipelago. A less likely site is Jayapura, at the easternmost extreme of Indonesia in resource-rich Papua, where the military has struggled to contain a decades-long secessionist movement.

Despite its mineral, timber and energy reserves, Papua remains one of the poorest parts of the country. Building a new capital there would bring jobs and infrastructure, as well as an influx of Javanese and other ethnic groups, potentially diluting the Papuan majority and sowing further discontent.

WHITE ELEPHANTS

The cost of such grandiose mega-projects can easily run into billions of taxpayer dollars, providing opportunities for patronage and land speculation.

"I think there are no successful examples. I don't think it's wise to take that direction," Kuntoro Mangkusubroto, head of Yudhoyono's presidential delivery unit, told Reuters.

Astana, Kazakhstan's showcase new capital boasting Norman Foster's architecture, cost over $12 billion.

Malaysia's Putrajaya, the administrative capital built 25 km south of Kuala Lumpur, was promoted and pushed through by former Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad at an official cost of 11.83 billion ringgit ($3.77 billion).

But while government and ruling party supporters see Putrajaya and its stylish Islamic architecture as a symbol of Malaysia's development, critics say it is a white elephant that may have cost far more than stated.

South Korea's new seat of administration, Sejong, is expected to cost about $19 billion, the bulk of which will be borne by a state-run development company. A dozen government ministries and agencies, including the powerful Ministry of Strategy and Finance, will move to the new city, 150 km (95 miles) south of Seoul, to reduce congestion in the capital.

"I don't see any strong benefits" for Indonesia, said Song Seng Wun, regional economist at CIMB Research.

"Maybe a few civil servants get a nice new aircon office and nice scenery but for the man in the street who is trying to find work in a textile company it's about whether the government's policies can lift the wages of the ordinary people."
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Old August 25th, 2019, 06:51 PM   #7
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Why Indonesia Is Shifting Its Capital From Jakarta
Bloomberg Excerpt
Aug 25, 2019

Jakarta is soon to become an ex-capital city. Indonesia is planning to move its administrative headquarters from its richest island of Java to the forest island of Borneo. President Joko Widodo is betting that a new capital for the Southeast Asian nation will better spread the wealth among its 267 million citizens -- and ease the pressure on overcrowded Jakarta, Indonesiaís commercial and political hub for centuries.

1.Whatís wrong with Jakarta?
As well as bursting at its seams, the city is sinking. Two-fifths of Jakarta lies below sea level and parts are dropping at a rate of 20 centimeters (8 inches) a year. Thatís mostly down to the constant drawing up of well water from its swampy foundations. Stultifying traffic congestion and polluted air are a daily reality for Jakartaís 10 million inhabitants. The gridlock costs an estimated 100 trillion rupiah ($7 billion) a year in lost productivity for the greater Jakarta area, known as Jabodetabek, encompassing 30 million people.

2. Where will the new capital be?
Construction will begin in 2021 and government offices will start relocating in 2024, but exactly where hasnít been decided. For sure, it will be on Kalimantan, the Indonesian part of Borneo island thatís also home to two Malaysian states (Sarawak and Sabah) and the tiny nation of Brunei. The island lies some 1,400 kilometers (870 miles) northeast of Jakarta and has the advantage of being located geographically in the middle of Indonesia, where itís largely protected from the kinds of natural calamities (earthquakes, tsunami and volcanic eruptions) that befall other islands. Bukit Soeharto in the east is among the candidates.

3. Whatís the economic rationale?
Jokowi, as Widodo is known, says the move will help address income disparity in the archipelago of more than 17,000 islands.

More : https://www.bloomberg.com/news/artic...d=premium-asia
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Old August 29th, 2019, 03:00 PM   #8
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Aug 29, 2019
Indonesia pledges $40 billion to modernize Jakarta ahead of new capital: minister
Excerpt

JAKARTA (Reuters) - The Indonesian government is not abandoning Jakarta after announcing plans to move the country’s capital, its planning minister said, pledging to spend $40 billion to save the slowly sinking city in the next decade.

The current Indonesian capital will undergo a 571 trillion rupiah ($40.18 billion) urban regeneration in the next 10 years, more than the $33 billion expected cost to build a new capital city on Borneo island, Bambang Brodjonegoro told Reuters in an interview.

“Jakarta is the center of everything in Indonesia. What we are moving out of is the center of administration, but finance (centers), businesses and trades will stay,” Brodjonegoro said.

Jakarta is one of the world’s most densely populated cities, home to more than 10 million people and three times that number when counting those who live in surrounding towns.

Brodjonegoro said the relocation decision was taken because the government knew the population concentration in Jakarta has to be reduced.

The government expects to begin moving to the new capital city in the East Kalimantan province in 2024.

“People assume Jakarta is doing fine. Jakarta is not doing fine at all. The water condition is a cause for concern, wastewater, air pollution,” he added.

Only 60% of the city has pipe water infrastructure, forcing millions of people and businesses to dig wells to use up groundwater, hurting the environment, Brodjonegoro said.

The over extraction makes Jakarta prone to floods and sinking due to subsidence. Rising sea levels aggravated the sinking with some part of the city dropping as much as 11 inches a year, making Jakarta the fastest sinking city of its size globally.

More : https://www.reuters.com/article/us-i...-idUSKCN1VJ0FE
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