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Old May 16th, 2019, 01:18 AM   #381
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Quote:
Originally Posted by cameronpaul View Post
Thanks for the great photos of Bologna. Such an amazing city and one of Italy`s best kept secrets. Not overwhelmed by tourists (yet)!
You're welcome! Stay tuned, there are still many more photos coming of my last day there. By the way, I understand at your user title that you love Paris? Because there is an upcoming Paris thread in my future plans as well if you're interested
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Old May 17th, 2019, 08:18 PM   #382
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Old May 17th, 2019, 08:21 PM   #383
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Via San Donato has been renamed Via Zamboni within the walls, and connects Porta San Donato to the Two Towers. This is the heart of the university area, housing the offices of many faculties of the famed University of Bologna. Founded in 1088 as a center for the study of medieval Roman law, it is the world’s oldest university in continuous operation, as well as one of Italy’s and Europe’s leading academic institutions, with about 86,500 enrolled students in its 11 schools. Among its most illustrious alumni are Dante, Erasmus of Rotterdam, Nicolaus Copernicus, Luigi Galvani and Guglielmo Marconi, as well as several pioneers: Paracelsus, founder of the discipline of toxicology, Gasparo Tagliacozzi, a pioneer of plastic and reconstructive surgery, Augusto Righi, a pioneer in the study of electromagnetism , and Laura Bassi, the world's first woman to earn a university chair in a scientific field of studies:

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Old May 17th, 2019, 08:24 PM   #384
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Among the area’s most noticeable buildings is an elegant brick and terracotta palace in Renaissance style, originally from 1862 but redesigned in 1903 with a trapezoidal layout intended to create a connection between the older university area and the new one on Via Irnerio, drawn in those years. The palace houses the university’s Institute of Mineralogy and the Luigi Bombacci Mineralogical Museum, whose collection includes 50.000 pieces, among which 142 meteorites and 400 pieces of rare Sicilian amber:

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Old May 17th, 2019, 08:25 PM   #385
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Its portico is equally interesting, presenting a vault lined with red arches and a fine stone floor:

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Old May 17th, 2019, 08:27 PM   #386
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Across the street is the Giovanni Capellini Geological Museum, housed in another interesting building from 1881, and whose collection includes more than 1 million fossils from around the world. Both museums originally belonged to the department of Natural History of the University of Bologna, which was divided into 3 parts (mineralogy, zoology, and geology) in 1862:

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Old May 17th, 2019, 08:28 PM   #387
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A row of simplistic porticoed façades follows on Via Zamboni, among which stands out the small church of Santa Maria Maddalena, originally built in the 13th century:

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Old May 17th, 2019, 08:30 PM   #388
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It was rebuilt in the late 16th century, then again in the 18th century with the addition of a porch. Its most singular feature is the six terracotta vases of classical inspiration, planted with succulents:

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Old May 19th, 2019, 08:42 PM   #389
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Further down is Piazza Vittotio Puntoni, named after a former rector of the University, and onto which opens the northern façade of Palazzo Poggi. The palace, whose nucleus was built in the mid-16th century, is one of the largest in Bologna, second only to Palazzo Communale:

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Old May 19th, 2019, 08:44 PM   #390
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In 1714, it became the seat of the Institute of Sciences of Bologna, a model learning establishment in Europe during the Age of Enlightenment, before eventually becoming the headquarters of the University of Bologna in 1860. The university atmosphere can be clearly felt in this spot, with many bikes and motorbikes parked on the square:

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Old May 19th, 2019, 08:48 PM   #391
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To the east is this elegant eclectic building, housing the Office of Master Studies. Next to it is the University Library, whose nucleus was the original library of Palazzo Poggi, the oldest in the city, and which preserves ancient and precious manuscripts:

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Old May 19th, 2019, 08:51 PM   #392
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On Via Zamboni stands one of the original 16th-century parts of the palace. The numerous decorated ceilings and frescoes inside make it one of the most fascinating decorative complexes of Northern Italy, but I didn’t have enough time on my hands to visit it:

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Old May 19th, 2019, 08:53 PM   #393
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Its portico is also interesting on its own, with its high groined vault, Doric columns in sandstone, and large grated windows surrounded by decorated frames:

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Old May 23rd, 2019, 07:15 PM   #394
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I decide to return to Porta San Donato and continue southwards along the ring road to see some of the other gates. I encounter Porta San Vitale 500 meters further, which despite its current modest appearance, guarded one of the oldest and most important roads branching off to the east of Bologna: the road to Ravenna, the ancient imperial capital, from which Bologna depended from an ecclesiastical point of view for many centuries. The gate was built in 1286, and comprised a mighty tower that was demolished at the beginning of the 16th century. It underwent repeated modifications over the centuries, and was downsized for the last time in the 1950s:

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Old May 23rd, 2019, 07:19 PM   #395
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Across the road from it is the main façade of Sant’Orsola Hospital, founded in 1592 just outside the walls and dedicated to Saint Ursula. The hospital became affiliated with the School of Medicine and Surgery of the University of Bologna in 1869:

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Old May 23rd, 2019, 07:22 PM   #396
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In 1978 it merged with the adjacent Malpighi Hospital to form The Sant’Orsola-Malpighi Polyclinic, the largest hospital in Italy in number of beds, with 1,535 beds and 5,153 employees (of which 857 doctors). The hospital boasts international excellence in the fields of oncologic hematology, hepatology and pediatric surgery:

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Old May 23rd, 2019, 07:25 PM   #397
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South of Porta San Vitale stands this elegant eclectic building, remarkable for its corner terrace and the protomes (human heads) on the top part of the corner column:

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Old May 23rd, 2019, 07:27 PM   #398
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While further south can be seen one of the last remaining stretches of the third circle of walls. Most of the walls were demolished between 1902 and 1906 following the directives of a regulatory plan drawn up in 1889 based on the urban models of the late 19th century (similarly to that of Vienna, where the medieval circle of walls was demolished and replaced by the Ringstraße). The demolition plan generated bitter controversy and divided the city's public opinion. Its supporters believed that the walls posed a limit for the city’s development, as well as an aesthetic problem. Also there was considerable unemployment at the time, and the demolition was seen as a job creation scheme:

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Old May 23rd, 2019, 07:27 PM   #399
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On the other hand, the "conservatives" (mostly intellectuals and figures of the world of culture) were convinced that the historical and architectural value of the medieval walls justified their maintenance. The demolition eventually went on, with this section being one of the last remaining. The Municipality's plan also included the demolition of the twelve gates but, thanks to the intervention of intellectuals who defended their historical and artistic value, 10 of them (out of 12) were saved:

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Old May 23rd, 2019, 08:52 PM   #400
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Great, very nice updates once again, cat
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