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Old August 8th, 2018, 11:41 AM   #361
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Cathédrale Saint-Étienne de Bourges | Bourges Cathedral | Bourges | FRANCE

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I. It is in the Gothic and Romanesque architectural styles.
II. Groundbreaking 1195 | XII
III. Completed 1230 | XIII





Kathedrale Bourges v2 [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) ou CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], par Wladyslaw Sojka sur Wikipédia allemand
(Original text*: --de:Benutzer:Wladyslaw Sojka), de Wikimedia Commons



Cathedrale Saint-Etienne (Bourges) 16-09-2006 [Public domain], par Renaud MAVRÉ, de Wikimedia Commons


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Old August 8th, 2018, 12:18 PM   #362
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Cathédrale Saint-André de Bordeaux | Bordeaux Cathedral | Bordeaux |
FRANCE
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I. The cathedral was consecrated by Pope Urban II in 1096.
II. Of the original Romanesque edifice, only a wall in the nave remains.
III. The Royal Gate is from the early 13th century, while the rest of the construction is mostly from the 14th-15th centuries.
IV. The building is a national monument of France.








Bordeaux 34 by Pathien, on Flickr









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Old August 8th, 2018, 01:02 PM   #363
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Cathédrale Saint-Gatien de Tours | Tours Cathedral | Tours |
FRANCE
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I. It is a Roman Catholic church located in Tours, Indre-et-Loire, France, and dedicated to Saint Gatianus.
II. It is the seat of the Archbishops of Tours, the metropolitan cathedral of the Tours ecclesiastical province.
III. It was built between 1170 and 1547.
IV. It has been a classified monument historique since 1862
.














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Old August 8th, 2018, 01:51 PM   #364
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⚜️ Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Rouen | Rouen Cathedral | Rouen | FRANCE ⚜️

I. Groundbreaking 1030 | XI Century
II. Completed 1880 | XIX Century
III. In the 20th century, during World War II, the cathedral was bombed in April 1944 by the British Royal Air Force.
IV. A second bombing by the U.S. Army Air Force (before the Normandy Landings in June 1944) burned the oldest tower - Saint-Romain Tower.


Rouen Trio by Albert, on Flickr

Cathédrale de Rouen vue de l'Opéra [CC BY-SA 4.0
(https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
)], by Philippe Roudaut, from Wikimedia Commons






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Old August 8th, 2018, 01:58 PM   #365
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^
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Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Rouen | Rouen Cathedral | FRANCE
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If anyone was interested in the astonishing light show of the Cathedral, here you have it.
They have various different programs this one's just one of them.


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Old August 8th, 2018, 04:07 PM   #366
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⚜️ Basilique Cathédrale Sainte-Croix d'Orléans | Orléans Cathedral | Orléans | FRANCE ⚜️

I. The cathedral is the seat of the Bishop of Orléans and was built from 1278 to 1329 and 1601-1829 (after partial destruction in 1568).
II. The cathedral is probably most famous for its association with Joan of Arc.
III. The French heroine attended evening Mass in this cathedral on May 2, 1429 while in the city to lift the siege.
IV. The cathedral's stained glass windows now depict the story of Joan of Arc, the defender of Orléans.



Cathédrale Sainte-Croix d'Orléans 1 [CC BY-SA 3.0
(https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0
)], by Jackogamer, from Wikimedia Commons








IMG_0668 by aec20879, on Flickr


IMG_0630 by aec20879, on Flickr
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Old August 8th, 2018, 06:49 PM   #367
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Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Bayeux | Bayeux |
FRANCE
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I. The present cathedral was consecrated on 14 July 1077 in the presence of William, Duke of Normandy and King of England.
II. Following serious damage to the Cathedral in the 12th Century, the Cathedral was rebuilt in the Gothic style.
III. However, despite the crossing tower having been started in the 15th Century, it was not completed until the 19th Century.












IMG_4317 by MLevaillant, on Flickr






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Old August 8th, 2018, 09:00 PM   #368
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Cathédrale Saint-Étienne de Toul | Toul |
FRANCE
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I. Groundbreaking 4th century.
II. Completed 16th century.
III. The towers of the facade measuring 65 meters high.






Toul Cathedral 02 [Attribution, GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC BY-SA 3.0
(https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0
)], by Ad Meskens, from Wikimedia Commons




Toul, Cathédrale Saint-Etienne-PM 50323 [CC BY-SA 3.0
(https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0
)], par PMRMaeyaert, de Wikimedia Commons
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Old August 9th, 2018, 12:41 PM   #369
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Colegiata roncesvalles,E
Roncesvalles (Navarra) by eitb.eus, en Flickr


Colegiata Roncesvalles. by Javier Salazar, en Flickr
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Old August 9th, 2018, 12:52 PM   #370
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Catedral de Pamplona,E

Nef gothique, cathédrale Sainte Marie la Royale, Pampelune, Navarre, Espagne. by Bernard Blanc, en Flickr

Catedral de Santa María la Real de Pamplona by Yaroslav Romanenko, en Flickr

Cloître gothique, cathédrale Sainte Marie la Royale, Pampelune, Navarre, Espagne. by Bernard Blanc, en Flickr

Traceria del claustro Catedral de Santa Maria La Real Pamplona 03 by Rafael Gómez, en Flickr

Pamplona - Catedral de Santa María la Real - Claustro - Puerta Preciosa by J.S.C., en Flickr
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Old August 9th, 2018, 01:03 PM   #371
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.....
Catedral de Santa Maria La Real Interior mausoleo real Pamplona 09 by Rafael Gómez, en Flickr

Catedral de Santa María la Real de Pamplona - Coro by Yaroslav Romanenko, en Flickr

Puerta del Amparo - Catedral de Pamplona by Dan, en Flickr
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Old August 9th, 2018, 01:29 PM   #372
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Beautiful! I love how they've painted the vaulted ceilings.
It is unimaginable how much they achieved with the stone constructions in these ages!
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Old August 12th, 2018, 10:30 AM   #373
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Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Chartres | Chartres | FRANCE
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I. The town is located about 80 km (50 miles) southwest of Paris.
II. The current cathedral, mostly constructed between 1194 and 1220, is the last of at least five which have occupied the site.
III. It is in the Gothic and Romanesque styles.
IV. It is designated a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, which calls it "the high point of French Gothic art" and a "masterpiece".








Notre Dame de Chartres [CC BY-SA 3.0
(https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0
)], by Olvr, from Wikimedia Commons


Chartres Sunrise by Bob, on Flickr


Chartres Cathedral by Bob, on Flickr


Chartres Cathedral by Bob, on Flickr








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Old August 14th, 2018, 11:54 PM   #374
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I believe these people should do something about their dirty buildings. It reached the point where it's not aesthetically pleasing. The building as it is now can look terrifying to some, pay attention to the white stone fragment on the left of the first image, if the Cathedral was renovated it could've looked god like, almost heavenly. Right now it's so dark you can't even see the details.
What I am trying to say? Someone renovate this, please.

Cologne Cathedral | Cologne | GERMANY

I. Construction of Cologne Cathedral commenced in 1248 and was halted in 1473, leaving it unfinished.
II. Work restarted in the 19th century and was completed, to the original plan, in 1880.
III. The cathedral is the largest Gothic church in Northern Europe and has the second-tallest spires.
IV. The towers for its two huge spires give the cathedral the largest façade of any church in the world.
V. The choir has the largest height to width ratio, 3.6:1, of any medieval church.






[
url=https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Golden-Cologne-Cathedral-01.jpg]Golden-Cologne-Cathedral-01[/url] [CC BY-SA 3.0
(https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0
)], by User:Coldrerio (File:Kölner Dom im Winter.jpg), from Wikimedia Commons


Kölner Dom004 (Flight over Cologne) [CC BY-SA 2.0
(https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0
)], by Neuwieser (Flickr: Flight over Cologne), from Wikimedia Commons


Cologne-Cathedral-aerial-east [CC BY 2.0
(https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0
)], by Source: F. Ermert
Derivative: Zachi Evenor, from Wikimedia Commons


Kdom [GFDL (http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/fdl.html) or CC-BY-SA-3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/)], by ger1axg, from Wikimedia Commons
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Old August 15th, 2018, 11:57 AM   #375
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Architecture lover View Post
I believe these people should do something about their dirty buildings. It reached the point where it's not aesthetically pleasing. The building as it is now can look terrifying to some, pay attention to the white stone fragment on the left of the first image, if the Cathedral was renovated it could've looked god like, almost heavenly. Right now it's so dark you can't even see the details.
What I am trying to say? Someone renovate this, please.
And here I was thinking it was result of material being used in building. lol
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Old August 15th, 2018, 01:20 PM   #376
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I kinda like it dark , looks more gothic ... but also would like to see how it looks like when it’s white
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Old August 15th, 2018, 01:36 PM   #377
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It reached the point where you can't spot details, if the stone was white, the shade of the details under sunlight would've make them a lot more prominent.
Anyways here how it could've looked like, with modern laser techniques the stone can go even whiter than this.


Kölner Dom um 1900 [Public domain or Public domain], by Original image: Photochrom print (color photo lithograph)
Reproduction number: LC-DIG-ppmsca-00808 from Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, Photochrom Prints Collection
This image is available from the United States Library of Congress's Prints and Photographs division under the digital ID ppmsca.00808.This tag does not indicate the copyright status of the attached work. A normal copyright tag is still required. See Commons:Licensing for more information.

Reproduction by Photoglob AG, Zürich, Switzerland or Detroit Publishing Company, Detroit, Michigan, from Wikimedia Commons
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Old August 15th, 2018, 01:54 PM   #378
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Quote:
Originally Posted by BielySokol View Post
And here I was thinking it was result of material being used in building. lol
Take a look at St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna, this was when they've started the renovation, the Romanesque side is already clean here. Most of the Catholic Cathedrals were using pale stone for construction, in some places like the evershining Duomo of Milan in Italy the stone didn't got too dark. However in the central European states heating with coal was very prominent, that's what turned their cities so dark. They should do something for sure, because first of all, this buildings are a testimony of the far away medieval European ages and what they were capable of achieving, second of all, it's not like we'd construct something like this again.



0181-0183a - Wien - Stephansdom [CC BY-SA 2.5
(https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5
)], by Andrew Bossi, from Wikimedia Commons

After the laser cleaning


Wien - Stephansdom (1) [CC BY-SA 4.0
(https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
)], by Bwag, from Wikimedia Commons

The perfectly clean Romanesque side.


Wien - Stephansdom (3) [CC BY-SA 4.0
(https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
)], by Bwag, from Wikimedia Commons

There's still work to be done.


Wien - Stephansdom (2) [CC BY-SA 4.0
(https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0
)], by Bwag, from Wikimedia Commons
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Old August 17th, 2018, 08:43 AM   #379
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Quote:
Originally Posted by BielySokol View Post
And here I was thinking it was result of material being used in building. lol

Thats exactely the case. The Limestone in use getting black naturally. So cleaning the whole thing doesnt make a lot of sense
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Old August 17th, 2018, 10:28 AM   #380
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I believe people from Germany said the result is from the centuries of coal heating.
Coal is out of use in most of their places nowadays, so beside the oxidation specifics of the stone, I think it'll look a lot better once cleaned.
Infact after they started renovating the one in Vienna, they found many problems.
A renovation is needed, not just to get the original shine, but to preserve the building while there aren't major problems. After a proper research I found they've started the process, they've been scanning the ornate facade to learn about how much of the surface of the stone is eroded. It'll help them when they start renovating.

Here's a few words by the researching team.

Preserving the Historic Cologne Cathedral--A Word from the Scanning Team
http://www.cyark.org/news/preserving...-scanning-team
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