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Old December 21st, 2018, 09:54 PM   #1
Ices77
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KOSICE | Public Transport

Košice, one quarter million metropolis of Eastern Slovakia, was one of the first cities in the country, where the public transport was established. Public transport in the city consists of bus, tram and trolleybus transport. There are 15 tram lines, with total length of 177 km, 41 bus routes with total length of 743.1 km, and there were two trolleybus routes with total length of 25.1 km. The system extends from the city center to industrial areas and outlying villages near the city.





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The horse-drawn carriage started here in 1891 under the concession of Štefan Popper. In a short time, a number of minor tracks were added. At the turn of the century, the track lenght was already 7.849 meters. In 1892, steam traction was introduced on the freight trains. Since July 1893, it has been extended to personal transport, but at the end of 1895, the horse tram was once again introduced in personal transport. Around 1900 was maximum allowed speed 10 km/h, later was speed limit raised to 15 km/h. In 1909 the public transport in the city was ceased to exist, as the main operator went to bankrupcy. Then the track began to electrify. Electricity-powered freight transport began to operate in 1913, peronal transport only since 28 February 1914.

After the establishment of the Czechoslovak Republic, the development of the rail network continued and new sections soon arrived. In twenties there were two separate timetables, one for winter season and one for summer (partially spring and autumn) season. There was a change in the tariff and only the so-called " inner and outer sections (1st and 2nd section tariff). However, companies have been hit hard by the economic crisis of the 1930s. The financial problems forced her in 1936 to transfer the entire property of the public transport company prematurely to the city.

The Košíce annexation to Hungary in 1938 also affected the public transport as a result of the Vienna Arbitration. Years of occupation brought about a significant deterioration in the status of the public transport company's employees.

After the liberation began work on the restoration of the company, because many kilometers of tracks were destroyed or damaged, there was a lack of technical equipment for workshops and workshops. At the first anniversary of the National Uprising, on August 28, 1945, traffic began on the first two restored sections: Havlíčkova - Cintorín (Cemetary) and Legionárske nám. (Square of Liberators) – Railway Station. Since the vehicles were still inadequate, in 1946-49, 18 out of Prague's tramway trains were bought, and thus the traffic on all six public transport links started in 1947.

Fifties were marked by the modernization of rolling stock, tracks and technical facilities. In 1955 the delivery of a brand new type of tramway from ČKD - type T1 began.
The construction of new settlement agglomerations forced the permanent expansion of the public transport network and thus, in 1950, a new means of transport - a bus - appeared in Košice public transport. In 1957, the bus lines were rearranged, and at the same time they began to be numbered from number 10 above to create space for new tram lines. This arrangement is valid with minor changes to this day.

In 1960 the construction of the metallurgical plant VSŽ began. In 1961, the construction of a high-speed tram from VSŽ to Kosice began, and the extensive reconstruction of rail tracks in the city began. Freight transport, even if in the fifties flourishing, was limited only to night hours, but the opening of the high-speed railway to VSŽ required effective transport without any delay, and by 31.12.1964 the costly rail transport in the streets of Košice was definitely canceled. In the seventies the bus transport became the decisive traction in the public transport in Košice.

From 1.7.1979, the operation of three-track sets of trams began in Košice as the first and only town of the former Czechoslovak Republic. In 1986, due to the repair of the St. Elizabeth cathedral as well as theater buildings was rail traffic excluded from the pedestrian zone on Main Street (bus and individual traffic left Main Street much earlier). Even if it was to be a temporary change, it does not change on Main Street (Hlavná ulica) until now.

In the first half of the 1980s, it was decided to build a trolleybus network, which should suitably complement the tram network and thus participate in the reduction of that time big share of bus transport. The park fleet first formed only articulated trolleybuses Škoda 15 Tr, resp. 15 TrM, but then the company also bought 7 solo trolleybus type Škoda 14 TrM. These were used on the original line no. 70. Night trolleybus traffic was in service since December 2000. Trolleybus transport comprised about 6 percent of the total public traffic volume on Košice.

Bus transport in Košice consists of 34 daily lines, seven night lines and seven lines to steel complex from various parts of the city. It is the main mean of public transport in the city, comprising about three quarters of public transport volume in Košice.

Tramway in Košice is the only system of this kind of urban transport in Slovakia along with Bratislava tram. The tram network is 34 km long and the track gauge is 1 435 mm standard. A local traffic feature is an extra-urban high-speed tramway linking the city with the Steel Iron Industry Complex over 13 km radius. With eight inner city lines and eight rail lines linked to the steel complex, tramway transport accounts for one quarter of public transport performance in Košice. Other three quarters are of bus public transport.


Daily lines:



[Scheme in higher resolution]


Night lines:



[Scheme in higher resolution]
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Last edited by Ices77; December 22nd, 2018 at 09:26 AM.
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Old December 27th, 2018, 12:27 AM   #2
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ROLLING STOCK:
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More than 200 buses and up to 100 trams comprise the rolling stock of the city. While more or less modernization prevailed in the nineties and early 2000s, extensive change of vehicles began in 2007. Since 2003, a new urban turquoise and white paint has been applied to vehicles after major inspections, which was innovated in 2010 using a combination of white, yellow and blue. About eleven percent of the buses are electrobuses and about twenty five percent are gas engined.

In trams T6 and Tatra KT8 from the period of 1999 and 2003, the roller banners were replaced by the Buse Information System and Em-test Information System in 2006. In ČKD Tatra KT8, three car trams with the largest capacity, virtually all vehicles have since 2003 modernization new information system BUSE, exchanged of seat cover, anti-skid floor, new doors, etc.
TRAMS:


TWT / Pragoimex VarioLF2+ 46 pieces. Producer Pragoimex, Czechia, six axles, two car tram, made for one way traffic, proportion of low floor in the tram is 46 percent, can run singely or in pairs – most used trams in Košice.







Pragoimex VarioLF T3 tram was used as precedessor, low floor type of 1 piece, in rolling stock since 2009.







ČKD Tatra T6 29 pieces. Classic of the late 80ies and beginning of 90ties, designed as successor to Tatra T3, mostly used as two-car sets and solo vehicles, in real traffic there are modernised versions.






ČKD Tatra KT8 19 pieces. Large, high capacity tram constructed using three articulated body sections riding on four bogies. Deliveries were performed in 90ties and since then, the trams have been sublect to modernisation. Also seat covers were redesigned so to imitate the colors of the city, blue and white.



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Last edited by Ices77; January 2nd, 2019 at 04:37 PM.
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Old January 2nd, 2019, 01:13 AM   #3
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BUSES:
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In about half of more than two hundred city buses is operational Wifi, around three quarters of them are fully airconditioned. Diesel buses fullfill at least emission norm Euro 5, newest ones Euro 6. Some locals claim they have the best public transport system in Slovakia, I am sure, that some Bratislavians would oppose.. Thanks imhd.sk for providing the pictures.

SOR EBN 11 18 pieces, electrobus, AC, internal and external cameras with recording system, Wifi, USB soclets, like most of the bus fleet producer SOR Libchavy, Czechia, so far longest electrobus in Košice








SOR EBN 10.5 5 pieces, electrobus, shorter version of EBN 11, batteries 300 mA with duration from 12 to 18 hours






SOR BN 9.5 5 pieces, diesel, like the end number indicates, of smaller lenght, deployed on lines where are sufficient vehicles with a smaller capacity






SOR NB 18 City diesel, 65 pieces, articulated bus version
of SOR NB 12, all vehicles air conditioned, most used type of buses in Kosice






SOR NB 12 City, diesel, 61 pieces, producer SOR Libchavy, Czechia, air conditioned 12 meters and four doors version, low floor, AC, heater, displays either Buse or emtest













Iveco First FCLLI diesel, 2 pieces, midibus with 18 places







Irisbus Citelis 18M 29 pieces gas engine, higher capacity articulated bus, winter heating, driver kokpit has AC

thanks to Dávid Hanušovský from flickr




Tedom C12 19 pieces, gas engine, low floor, system ECAS enabling “kneeling“, winter heating, driver kokpit AC



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Last edited by Ices77; January 2nd, 2019 at 01:18 AM.
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Old January 2nd, 2019, 11:02 AM   #4
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I don't think the Vario trams are produced by SOR Libchavy
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Old January 2nd, 2019, 04:58 PM   #5
Ices77
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Trupman View Post
I don't think the Vario trams are produced by SOR Libchavy
Exactly, Pragoimex, producer of Vario trams and follower of ČKD is loyal to its tradition and it would be shame not to mention it. SOR Libchavy is on the other hand second biggest bus producer in Czechia, just after Iveco, former Karosa Vysoke Myto.
Btw, also midibuses produces Slovak company Rosero - P from Spisska Nova Ves, even if the bogie is Iveco Daily 65C18.
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Old January 12th, 2019, 11:35 PM   #6
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Tramway drive Pragoimex Vario, inside a tram and outside view:






Bus drive SOR, second video is driver´s cab view:






Artificial lawn is becoming usual as a layer in reconstructed tram routes. In Kosice is used a patent from Myjava, Slovakia, made of car production and rubber remaints:




And there is no need to take a limousine for the wedding, a wedding tram could more than substitute a nice car:

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Old June 20th, 2019, 05:53 PM   #7
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Plans to continue in fleet renewal
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Yesterday in the city council, deputies learned about how the renewal of the DPMK fleet should proceed.

The Košice City Public Transport Company (DPMK) currently has a fleet containing of 222 buses and 94 trams. There's a plan to signaficantly renew it by 2022 - every year, 20 - 25 buses and 29 trams are to be acquired. Currently, buses have average age of 7.5 year, trams 16.6 year.

"In 2019/2020, we would like to secure funding of the bus purchase by means of Eurofunds. We are preparing a request for a non-repayable financial contribution for the purchase of 16 18-meter, 4-piece 12-meter buses and two electric buses. Co-financing would be 5 per cent of the total eligible project cost," stays in DPMK's Development strategy.

However, the new trams require the completion of the Tramway Modernization project, II. phase. It's also necessary to consider construction of new tram lines into other parts of the city.

Restoration of trolleybus system is proposed too - for this prupose, 30 new trolleybuses are to be acquired by 2023. A separate study will be prepared for this mode of transport.
https://kosicednes.sk/udalosti/pribu...-nove-vozidla/
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