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Old October 24th, 2009, 10:33 AM   #1
Karasek
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Thuringia, heart of Germany

Thuringia is a state in the eastern part of Germany. For a long time the state was divided into many small duchies (like Saxe-Coburg and Gotha), which all had their small capitals. I will show you some of them.

We start our tour in Erfurt, Thuringias capital and most important city. Erfurt, which was founded in 742, however wasn't part of Thuringia until 1945 but part of the Archbishopric of Mainz. During the Middle Ages it was one of the most important German towns with more than 80 churches and the third-oldest university of todays Germany. The city, unlike almost every other important medieval German town, luckily survived WW2 without major damages.

Lets start:





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Old October 24th, 2009, 10:35 AM   #2
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The first beautiful ensemble, two houses called "zum Stockfisch" and "zum Mohrenkopf". The latter originates from the 15th century and was changed in 1607:



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Old October 24th, 2009, 10:36 AM   #3
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House "zum Stockfisch" was built in 1607. The upper floor is plastered timber frame:





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Old October 24th, 2009, 10:37 AM   #4
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View towards the centre:




And a look back:




Kaufmannskirche (merchant church), where Luther preached and Bachs parents were married:

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Old October 24th, 2009, 10:38 AM   #5
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Now the Anger, a square which is 600m long:




To the left the department store Anger 1, formery "HO-Warenhaus", formerly "Römischer Kaiser" (roman emperor). In the background the Ursulines monastery:

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Old October 24th, 2009, 10:38 AM   #6
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To the right the main post office from 1880:





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Old October 24th, 2009, 10:39 AM   #7
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The Anger street:



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Old October 24th, 2009, 10:39 AM   #8
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Lorenz church:




The Kurmainzische Packhof (customs and storage station of the Archbishopric of Mainz) from 1706-12:








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Old October 24th, 2009, 10:40 AM   #9
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Jugendstil:





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Old October 24th, 2009, 10:40 AM   #10
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... und baroque:




Bismarck house:



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Old October 24th, 2009, 10:41 AM   #11
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St. Wigberti:




Probably from the late 20s:

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Old October 24th, 2009, 10:42 AM   #12
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Outside of the old town are Commie blocks:




The ethnarchy of the Archbishopric from 1712-20. In 1808 Napoleon met Goethe there:



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Old October 24th, 2009, 10:42 AM   #13
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Street into the old town:



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Old October 24th, 2009, 10:42 AM   #14
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Old October 24th, 2009, 10:43 AM   #15
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But we make a sharp right turn and see the Barfüßer church of the Franciscans, which was destroyed by British bombs in 1944:





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Old October 24th, 2009, 10:43 AM   #16
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Modern houses in a very cosy environment:





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Old October 24th, 2009, 10:44 AM   #17
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Déesse:



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Old October 24th, 2009, 10:45 AM   #18
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Still a lot of work:




The Krämerbrücke (traders bridge) for the first time. Documented since 1156 and covered with building from the 17th to 19th century:




Idyll with cat:

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Old October 24th, 2009, 10:47 AM   #19
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These half-timbered houses were saved during Communist times (late 80s) by private initiatives:





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Old October 24th, 2009, 10:48 AM   #20
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Towards the centre the houses slowly become more representative:



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