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SİNOP

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sinop,_Turkey
http://el.wikipedia.org/wiki/Σινώπη

Traces of human habitation near Sinop have been dated as far back as the 4,500 BC and there were Bronze Age settlements here dating from 3,000 to 2,700 BC and of the early Hittite period of 1,800 BC. During the 8th century BC colonists from Miletus established a trading post here and named it Sinope (Σινώπη) after the daughter of a river god. Sinope in turn established new colonies: Cotyora (Ordu), Cerasus (Giresun), and Trapezus (Trabzon).



The cynic philosopher Diogenes (400-323 BC) was borne here and later moved to Athens after his father was accused of adulterating coins. Sinope was where in 399 BC Xenophon and the 10,000 Greek mercenaries first sighted the sea after a long march from Persia and exclaimed: Θάλαττα, θάλαττα (the sea, the sea). In 375 BC Sinope was conquered for a while by Datames the satrap of Cappadocia and then fell under the Persians. In 333 BC it became part of the Macedonian kingdom of Alexander the Great. Mithridates III and his son Pharmaces I took Sinope in 183 BC and made it the capital of their Kingdom of Pontus. This kingdom was overtaken by the Roman general Lucullus in 68 BC and Sinope was declared part of Rome by Pompey in 63 BC.

In the Byzantine period, Sinope declined but in the first half of the 6th century AD had a revival under Justinian, who built castles, aqueducts, bridges, and churches. It was taken from the Byzantines by emir Karatekin in 1084 and formed an emirate together with Kastamonu and Çankr but was later recaptured by the Byzantines. During the Fourth Crusade when the crusaders sacked Constantinople in 1204, Sinope came under the rule of the emperor of Trapezun Alexios I Komnenos. During this time the Genoese established here a trading post under an agreement with the Komneni. In 1124 the city was captured by the Selcuks but was retaken in 1254 by Manuel I Komnenos and was held until 1265 when again it fell to the Selcuks. In 1324 the city was captured by the Turkomans and renamed Sinop. They held it until 1461 when the Ottomans captured it under Mehmet II.
In 1853 the city was bombarded by Russian ships and badly damaged.



Situated at Turkey’s northernmost point, Sinop was once the city of the legendary Amazon warrior-women. Today it is a major Black Sea port. Sinop is one of the most beautiful natural seaports of the Black Sea Region. It is one of the oldest cities of the region and is the birth lace of the philosopher Diogene. Sinop provides unbelievable beauties to its visitors with the beaches which lie one each other.



http://www.facebook.com/SummerInTurkey

Various stories are told, most of them laced with myth, about the origin of the name of Sinop, which was used as a harbor and military base by the Romans, the Byzantines, the Seljuks, the Candarid principality and the Ottomans. Widespread legend has it, for example, that Sinope was the name of the beautiful daughter of the River god Aesop of Greek mythology. Zeus fell in love with Sinope and, at her wish, settled her in the Black Sea’s loveliest spot, the place where Sinop, in its time-shortened form, is located today. Various Hittite tablets indicate that the place was called Sinova in the Hittite language. The Assyrian warrior-traders who came to trade here way back in those times called the city after their own moon god, Sin. In the language of the original mariner-settlers the name was apparently Sinavur. And the Amazons, who lived in both Sinop and Samsun, are said to have had a queen by the name of Sinope, whose name they gave to the city.



Sinop’s extant monuments include a ruined ancient citadel rebuilt during Byzantine and Seljuk periods, some isolated columns and inscribed stones built into the old walls and dating from the early Greek and Roman periods, and the Alâeddin Camii (Mosque), built in 1214. A 13th-century Alâiye religious school now houses the local museum. The town’s citadel dates from that early age and the foundations of the Temple of Serapis is to be found on the grounds of the Archaeological Museum where some beautiful golden icons are displayed. The 13th century Alâeddin Mosque, the Alaiye Madrasah, and the Balatlar Church are of interest in the city.




Gece Mavisi by ahmetakoz, on Flickr






Traditional nautical woodcarvings, good crystal and the original cotton clothes of the city are praiseworthy and unique, so you will want to have examples of these artifacts. The seaside hotels and holiday villages are really nice to sit in a fish restaurant by the harbor and watch the perfect combination of green and light blue while sipping your wine. Hamsilos Fjord, 11 km from the city center is the only fjord in the country.



Sinop City Wall by Caucas', on Flickr











Köy Evi-3 by econoktay76, on Flickr


city by Caucas', on Flickr


Erfelek Waterfalls by volkan.andac, on Flickr


Sinop by serdar yılmaz, on Flickr


Sinop by caucas, on Flickr


Erfelek Takım Şelaleleri by Sinan Doğan, on Flickr


Foggy by yigit123, on Flickr


sinop by caucas, on Flickr


View to Sinop by blauepics, on Flickr




Sinop, the hometown of Diogenes by Irina Ovchinnikova, on Flickr

hey gidi by dulsine, on Flickr


in the heat of the night by Caucas', on Flickr





photos by skylife magazine


Sinop by econoktay76, on Flickr
 

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