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Discussion Starter · #1 · (Edited)
It was in France where the expression "Châteaux en Espagne" (Castles in Spain) emerged to refer to something utopian, inaccessible. That must have been the impression made on the European pilgrims who walked towards Santiago from the towers and walls cut against the sky. "Safe and fortified castle" named Alfonso X el Sabio, king of Castile and Leon, to the Iberian Peninsula, and it is not a coincidence that one of its kingdoms ended up being called with the name of Castile. Because the nucleus of Castile were precisely those small towers disputed by Arabs and Christians that grew, becoming powerful buildings that extended to the edge of the seas.

Translation:

Alcázar> An alcázar is a type of Moorish castle or palace in Spain and Portugal built during Muslim rule, although some were founded by Christians and others were built on earlier Roman or Visigothic fortifications. Most of the alcázares were built between the 8th and 15th centuries. Many cities in Spain have an alcázar. The term is sometimes used as a synonym for "castillo" or castle; palaces or forts built by Christian rulers were also often called alcázares.

Alcazaba> An alcazaba is a Moorish fortification in Spain and Portugal. The word derives from the Arabic word القصبة (al-qasbah), a walled-fortification in a city.

Each of the buildings will show five current photographs, in the case of finding a photograph before the twentieth century, the photographs could be 6.

Each of the buildings may include a small description of the building, but it will not be mandatory.


INDEX

2) Motilla del Azuer
5) Castle of Butron
6) Cathedral of Avila
7) Castle of Las Caldas
8) Castle of La Calahorra
9) Tower of Biel
10) Castle of Zafra
11) Castle of Charles V
12) Castle of Montalbán
13) Castle of Guadamur
14) Pedraza's castle
15) Castle and convent of Calatrava la Nueva
16) Palace of Soñanes
17) Castle of Granadilla
18) Palace of the Real Casa del Labrador
19) Castle of Sotopalacios
20) Castle of San Antón
21) The Infantado Tower
22) Royal Palace of Riofrío
23) Sádaba Castle
24) Infante Don Luis Palace
25) Gibralfaro fortress
26) Sajazarra Castle
27) Peracense Castle
28) Castle of La Iruela
29) Aliaga Castle
30) Monumental complex of Quejana
31) Almodóvar Castle
32) Fuentidueña Castle
33) Montearagón Castle
34) Mora de Rubielos Castle
35) Castle of Pambre
36) Íscar Castle
37) Monbeltrán Castle
39) Montsoriu Castle
40) Tower of Abizanda
41) Peñaranda de Duero Castle
42) Cerco of Artajona
80) Castle of Belmonte
81) Castle of Almansa
82) Castle of the Rey
83) Castle of castellar
84) Castle of Peñíscola
85) Castle of Salobreña
86) Castle of Loarre
87) Jabalquinto Palace
88) Castle of Castellote
89) Castle of Miraflores (Alconchel)
90) Castle of Alcalá del Júcar
91) Castle of Barcience
92) Castle of Cortegana
93) Castle of La Adrada
94) Castle of Jadraque


 

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Discussion Starter · #2 ·
Motilla del Azuer, Daimiel, Ciudad Real, Castile-La Mancha

La Motilla del Azuer is a prehistoric site of the Bronze Age, located in Spain, in the municipality of Daimiel, in the province of Ciudad Real.
During the Bronze Age these fortified settlements exercised an important function of management and control of economic resources. Within its fortified enclosures, basic resources such as water, captured from the water table by a well, were protected, and large-scale storage and processing of cereals, occasional livestock housing and the production of ceramics and other handicrafts were carried out. .
The mound of the fortification, with a diameter of about 40 m, is composed of a tower, three concentric lines of walls and a large courtyard. Its central nucleus is formed by a masonry tower of square plant, whose east and west walls maintain a height superior to 10 m. Its interior is accessed by ramps embedded in narrow corridors.


motilla-del-azuer02 by Carmelo Jordá Jordá, en Flickr

motilla-del-azuer16 by Carmelo Jordá Jordá, en Flickr

motilla-del-azuer17 by Carmelo Jordá Jordá, en Flickr

motilla-del-azuer02 by Carmelo Jordá Jordá, en Flickr

Motilla del Azuer by Pablo P Alonso, en Flickr
 

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La Motilla del Azuer is a prehistoric site of the Bronze Age, located in Spain, in the municipality of Daimiel, in the province of Ciudad Real.
Watched a documentary about it not so long ago and was completely dumbfounded. Had no idea such an amazing thing existed on the Iberian Peninsula :D

The Portuguese words for Alcázar and Alcazaba are Alcácer and Alcáçova respectively :)
 

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Discussion Starter · #4 ·
^^^^

You are right, I was at the beginning of the year on the Italian island of Sardinia and I knew his "nuraghi", being also amazed. In search of these amazing buildings I found the spanish "motillas", of which unfortunately, the Azuer is the only one who can admire its grandeur.
Yes, the Portuguese words for alcazar and alcazaba are respectively "Alcácer" and "Alcáçova"

Thanks, JohnnyMass :)
 

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Discussion Starter · #5 · (Edited)
Castle of Butroe (Butrón), Gatica, Bizkaia, Basque Country

The castle of Butrón (in euskera Butroe or Butroeko gaztelua) is a building of medieval origin located in the municipal term of Gatica, in the province of Bizkaia, Basque Country.

The origins of the building go back to the Middle Ages, when the tower house of the Butrón lineage existed in the place, although its current appearance responds to a profound remodeling carried out in the 19th century by the Marquis of Cubas. VIDEO


Castillo de Butrón, Gatika, Vizcaya, España by Ricardo Leal, en Flickr

Castillo de Butrón by Iker Ulloa, en Flickr

Castillo de Butrón by Nekatur Euskadi, en Flickr

Castillo de Butrón by Gaspar Serrano, en Flickr

castillo de butrón I by Juan Ignacio Llana Ugalde, en Flickr
 

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Discussion Starter · #6 · (Edited)
Cathedral of Ávila, Castile and Leon

The Cathedral of Ávila is a Catholic church in Ávila in the south of the Autonomous Community of Castile and Leon. It is in the Romanesque and Gothic architectural traditions.

It was planned as a cathedral-fortress, its apse being one of the turrets of the city walls. It is surrounded by a number of houses or palaces, the most important being: the Palace of the Evening, the Palace of the Infant King, and the Palace of Valderrábanos, which were responsible for the defence of the Puerta de los Leales (The Gate of the Loyal Ones) also known as La Puerta del Peso de la Harina (The Flour Road Gate).

The Cathedral of Ávila is considered by its age (12th century), as the first Gothic cathedral in Spain. It shows French influences and great resemblances to the Abbey Church of St Denis, the first European Gothic church.


Ávila. Ábside de la Catedral y Casa de las Carnicerías. by avilas.es, en Flickr

Vista de la catedral de Avila by Alonso Bergillos, en Flickr

Walls and Cathedral of Avila. by Eduardo Estéllez, en Flickr

Detalle de la parte delantera de la catedral de Ávila by JAVL, en Flickr

Muralla de Ávila by Gerard Arcos, en Flickr

Ávila nocturna - catedral 2 by Alberto Ruiz, en Flickr
 

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Discussion Starter · #7 · (Edited)
Castle of Las Caldas or Priorio, municipality of Oviedo, Asturias

The castle of Las Caldas, also called Priorio Castle, is a monumental complex located in the municipality of Oviedo (Autonomous Community of Asturias).

It was built in the nineteenth century from the ruins of the original, built in the time of the King of Asturias Alfonso II (IX century). VIDEO


En la orilla del río by asturconmar(Marcos), en Flickr

Castillo de Priorio o de Las Caldas Asturias by jacinta lluch valero, en Flickr

Castillo de Priorio by Miguel Angel, en Flickr

torre by majarenas, en Flickr

Oviedo-Castillo de Las Caldas by Jesus Arango, en Flickr
 

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Discussion Starter · #8 · (Edited)
La Calahorra castle, La Calahorra, Granada, Andalusia


La Calahorra castle is located in La Calahorra, in the province of Granada, Autonomous Community of Andalusia. It is situated in the Sierra Nevada foothills at 1,250 meters above sea level. Built between 1509 and 1512, it is one of the first Italian Renaissance castles built outside Italy


castle in Al Andalus by kiarras, en Flickr

The Fortress (2) by Paco, en Flickr

Break time at the castle by cZulander, en Flickr

Beauty of the beast by cZulander, en Flickr

castillo de la calahorra.JPG by Jose Manuel mazintosh, en Flickr
 

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Discussion Starter · #9 · (Edited)
Tower of Biel, Biel, Zaragoza, Aragon


The tower of Biel stands on a rocky hillock in the village of Biel, province of Zaragoza (Autonomous Community of Aragon), controlling the Arba de Biel river.
There are documented references to this castle since the time of Sancho III el Mayor of Navarre, but his first known lieutenant was Blasco Orioli, between 1042 and 1051. Being King of Aragón, Sancho Ramírez handed him in dowry to his wife Felicia de Roucy, with whom he married in 1071.


Biel (Zaragoza) by toño51, en Flickr

Biel by Jose, en Flickr

Biel y su torre by Fernando Two Two, en Flickr

Biel (Zaragoza) by Amaia eta Gotzon, en Flickr

a la luz de la noche by jaraaa, en Flickr
 

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Discussion Starter · #10 · (Edited)
Castle of Zafra, Campillo de Dueñas, Guadalajara, Castile-La Mancha


The Castle of Zafra is a 12th-century castle located in the municipality of Campillo de Dueñas, in Guadalajara, Autonomous Community of Castile-La Mancha. Built in the late 12th or early 13th centuries on a sandstone outcrop in the Caldereros mountain range, it stands on the site of a former Visigothic and Moorish fortification that fell into Christian hands in 1129.
The castle is situated atop a large rock in the Vega de Zafra at an altitude of 1,400 metres (4,600 ft) in the Sierra (mountain range) of Caldereros.
HBO filmed outdoor scenes for season 6 of its fantasy series Game of Thrones. According to its present owner, the producers were "looking for a remote site and away from any building".The castle stands in for the Tower of Joy in three episodes of the season, "Oathbreaker", "Blood of My Blood" and "The Winds of Winter", during flashback scenes that reveal a secret from Ned Stark's past. Here is a VIDEO showing the spectacular place where the castle is located.


Castle of Zafra, Guadalajara by Jesbert Rodriguez, en Flickr

Castillo de Zafra by Aintzane Larrañaga, en Flickr

Castillo de Zafra by Aintzane Larrañaga, en Flickr

Castillo de Zafra by Aintzane Larrañaga, en Flickr

Rays in Zafra by Farero, en Flickr
 

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Discussion Starter · #11 · (Edited)
Castle of Carles V, Hondarribia, Gipuzkoa, Basque Country


The castle of Charles V is a fortification located in the Spanish municipality of Hondarribia, province of Gipuzkoa (Autonmous Community of the Basque Country), currently destined to Parador (hotel) and considered one of the most significant buildings in the city.

It existed in the year 1200 and was endowed with a quadrangular plan with approximately circular cubes at the corners, leaving visible vestiges of two of them. It was considerably enlarged by Charles V, giving it a large rectangular artillery platform to which we owe the building's current representative facade.


Castillo de Carlos V by Juan C Hernández H, en Flickr

Fortaleza Parador de Hondarribia I by Alex Caballero Chacón, en Flickr

Castillo de Carlos v (Parador) by eitb.eus, en Flickr

Castillo de Carlos V, Fuenterrabia - Guipuzcoa, Spain by Fernando ST, en Flickr

Castillo de Carlos V, Fuenterrabia - Guipuzcoa, Spain by Fernando ST, en Flickr
 

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Discussion Starter · #12 · (Edited)
Castle of Montalbán, San Martín de Montalban, Toledo, Castile-La Mancha


The Castle of Montalbán is a castle located in the Spanish municipality of San Martín de Montalbán, south of the province of Toledo. It stands on a 100 m deep escarpment cut by the Torcón River, which was used as a pit on three sides.

This castle is one of the oldest fortresses located on the left bank of the Tagus River, erected during the Reconquest as a point of defense of the river margin, reforming and greatly expanding the Arab castle that existed there, and perhaps abandoned after the reconquest of Toledo.

This castle is linked to legends that speak of the Holy Grail and the Solomon's Table. Here is a VIDEO showing the spectacular and magical place where the castle is located.


Castillo de Puebla de Montalban - Toledo by srs_photos, en Flickr

SAN MARTÍN de MONTALBÁN 2 (TOLEDO) by MANUEL ZALDÍVAR, en Flickr

Castillo de Montalbán (San Martín de Montalbán, Toledo) by Juan Alcor, en Flickr

Castillo de San Martin de Montalban by Antonio Soler, en Flickr

CASTILLO TEMPLARIO DE SAN MARTIN DE MONTALBÁN by Mariángeles Muñoz Herrera, en Flickr
 

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Discussion Starter · #13 · (Edited)
Castle of Guadamur, Guadamur, Toledo, Castile-La Mancha


The castle of Guadamur is a fortification located in the village of Guadamur, in the province of Toledo (Autonomous Community of Castilla-La Mancha).

The castle of Guadamur was built in several phases, the first of them around 1470 and the second around 1520. It was built by orders of the Count of Fuensalida, to strengthen the protection of the area, involved in dynastic contests of the Kingdom of Castile.

A VIDEO is shown here, showing us the spectacular layout of this castle.


Castillo de Guadamur (Toledo) by J. M., en Flickr

Guadamur by Almadenomada, en Flickr

Guadamur by Almadenomada, en Flickr

Guadamur by Almadenomada, en Flickr

Castillo de Guadamur by Sonia Pizarro Martin, en Flickr
 

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Discussion Starter · #14 · (Edited)
Pedraza castle, Pedraza, Segovia, Castile and Leon


The Pedraza Castle is located at one end of the hill where the village of the same name is located, in the province of Segovia (Autonomous Community of Castile & Leon).

The castle was built between the fourteenth and sixteenth centuries. It belonged to the Herrera and Fernández de Velasco families (Dukes of Frías and Constables of Castile). In 1529 the children of the king of France, Francisco I, were hostages in this castle.

It is not the most beautiful castle in Spain, however, it is located in a medieval village considered one of the most beautiful in Spain. VIDEO


Castillo de Pedraza & Segovia by Rios Valles, en Flickr

P1030561aa by Toni Bomber, en Flickr

castillo de pedraza en su circunvalacion by garcaba2, en Flickr

Castillo de Pedraza by Jorge Martín, en Flickr

_MG_9386.jpg by Francisco Pizzorno, en Flickr
 

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Discussion Starter · #15 · (Edited)
Castle of Calatrava la Nueva, Aldea del Rey, Ciudad Real, Castile-La Mancha


Calatrava la Nueva is a medieval castle and convent found on the peak of Alacranejo, within the municipality of Aldea del Rey, in the province of Ciudad Real (Autonomous Community of Castile-La Mancha).

Its name is a reference to the Order of Calatrava, which was originally situated in Calatrava la Vieja, 60 km to the north. In 1217, the Order of Calatrava moved to Calatrava la Nueva. Thus, the original site became known as Calatrava la Vieja ("Old Calatrava") and the new site as Calatrava la Nueva ("New Calatrava").

In this VIDEO we can check the exceptional situation of the castle to watch the pass of Sierra Morena Mountain Range, especially the pass of Almuradal.


castillo de Calatrava la Nueva by Jeronimo Cerro, en Flickr

Castillo de Calatrava la Nueva by Maria José MartÃ*n-Gaitero, en Flickr

Fachada de la iglesia by Carlos de Vega, en Flickr

La Iglesia del Castillo by Jose Antonio Alcázar, en Flickr

Hora azul en el Castillo de Calatrava by David Gonzalez, en Flickr
 

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Discussion Starter · #16 · (Edited)
Palace of Soñanes or Díaz de Arce, Villacarriedo, Cantabria


The palace of Soñanes or Díaz de Arce is an eclectic and fundamentally baroque palace built at the beginning of the 18th century in the village of Villacarriedo (Autonomous Community of Cantabria). He was sent to project by Juan Antonio Díaz de Arce and Pérez del Camino. It supposes a synthesis of the Asturian urban palaces. Although it is discussed who was its architect, is known documentary master stonemason Simon de Arce and his staff.

The palace was restored and converted into a hotel in 2001.


abba Palacio de Soñanes hotel 4*S - Hotel en Villacarriedo - Exterior del Palacio by abba hotels, en Flickr

Palacio de Soñanes, Villacarriedo by Dan, en Flickr

Palacio de Soñánes by Spanish Coches, en Flickr

Palacio de Soñanes Cantabria by luis lopez, en Flickr

Palacio de Soñánes by Spanish Coches, en Flickr
 

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Discussion Starter · #17 · (Edited)
Castle of Granadilla, Zarza de Granadilla, Cáceres, Extremadura


The castle of Granadilla is a defensive building whose origins go back to the 13th century. It is located in the village of Granadilla, unpopulated belonging to the Spanish municipality of Zarza de Granadilla, old manor of Granada, which was an old walled town of feudal origin in the northwest of the province of Cáceres (Autonomous Community of Extremadura).

Apparently, the site was founded by the Muslims in the ninth century as a strategic bulwark of the area, since it is located on a slate hill that dominates an extensive land and is a step required by the Via de la Plata (old Roman road ).

In this VIDEO we can see the current situation of the place, surrounded by the Gabriel y Galán reservoir.


Castillo extremeño by Kamikaze GT, en Flickr

Castillín by jperancho, en Flickr

DSC_0306 by Jesús, en Flickr

Castillo de Granadilla by David Pedrero, en Flickr

Castillo de Granadilla 0371 by antonio_rodriguez1968, en Flickr
 

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Discussion Starter · #18 · (Edited)
Real Casa del Labrador, Aranjuez, Madrid


The Real Casa del Labrador (Royal House of the Cottager) is one of the residences of the Spanish Royal Family. It is a neoclassical palace, located in the municipality of Aranjuez, in the southern part of the autonomous community of Madrid.

Its construction began in the late eighteenth century, from an initial design by the architect Juan de Villanueva, which was transformed successively in the thirteen years that the works and reforms lasted. Its final appearance is due to Isidro González Velázquez, who endowed the set with numerous external ornamental motifs.


Aranjuez, Casita del Labrador. (Madrid) by Felipe Hinojosa, en Flickr

Aranjuez, Casita del Labrador. (Madrid) by Felipe Hinojosa, en Flickr

Casita del Labrador by Elena, en Flickr

Aranjuez, Casita del Labrador. (Madrid) by Felipe Hinojosa, en Flickr

Aranjuez, Apolo. by Rubén Pérez Eugercios, en Flickr
 

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Discussion Starter · #19 · (Edited)
Sotopalacios castle, Merindad de Río Ubierna, Burgos, Castile and Leon


The castle of Sotopalacios, also called "Castillo del Cid", is located in the village of Sotopalacios, belonging to the municipality of Merindad de Río Ubierna, in the province of Burgos (Autonomous Community of Castilla y León). Of palatial bearing and Renancentist style It is tentatively dated its original construction in the fourteenth century.


castillo de sotopalacios by oscar.arquitectura, en Flickr

Castillo de Sotopalacios (Burgos) by Raúl Cuevas Pérez, en Flickr

castillo de sotopalacios by oscar.arquitectura, en Flickr

castillo de sotopalacios by oscar.arquitectura, en Flickr

Castillo de Sotopalacios (Burgos) by Raúl Cuevas Pérez, en Flickr
 

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Discussion Starter · #20 · (Edited)
Castle of San Antón, A Coruña, Galicia


The castle of San Antón is a castle of the XVI century that was part, together with the Castle of Santa Cruz and the Castle of San Diego, a strategic network of castles and batteries to defend the city of A Coruña, in the autonomous community of Galicia.

It was built in what was then a small island in the middle of the bay of A Coruña, where there was a small hermitage dedicated to San Antón. Its purpose was to defend the city from attacks from the sea. Its construction began in 1587, according to an inscription on the front of the fortress.

During the English attack of 1589 on the part of the English Navy, the castle contributed effectively to the defense of the city, in spite of being unfinished. After the attack, its construction was continued until the completion of the works in 1590.

castillo de san anton coruña by javier_cx9aaw, en Flickr

A Coruña La Corogne Galice Espagne 450 - Museo Arqueológico e Histórico Castillo de San Antón by Pascal POGGI, en Flickr

castillo de san anton coruña (3) by javier_cx9aaw, en Flickr

castillo de san anton coruña (23) by javier_cx9aaw, en Flickr

Sin título by Helena Lafuente, en Flickr

Appurtenant picture

Aljibe del Castillo de San Antón (Coruña) by cascarilleiro, en Flickr

 
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